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THE LIBRARY 
OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 

OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



! 













f 




XIV 







*^m. 

Ifc'uuiu-nt , r.-t.-teJ. to 



of Ca 'Uu,., Rayru, Blair <ad Icitl Ji, >/>',( Ma,mcr, 



THE 



Jtaial Cljromtle, 

FOR 1805: 

CONTAINING A 

GENERAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 

OF 

THE HOYAJL MATY 

OF THE 

UNITED KINGDOM; 

WITH A 

VARIETY OF ORIGINAL PAPERS 

ON 

NAUTICAL SUBJECTS: 

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF SEVERAL 

LITERARY AND PROFESSIONAL MEN. 



VOLUME THE FOURTEENTH. 

(FROM JULY TO DECEMBER.) 



<< ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERY MAN WILL DO HIS DUTY." 



NELSON AND BRONTE. 



lontion : 

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY I. GOLD, SHOE-LANE. 

And sold by Messrs. LONCM AN, HURST, REES, and OR ME, Mr. SYMONDS, ani 
Mr. WALKER, Paternoster Row; Mr. WHITE, Fleet-street; Messrs. VERNOR 

and HOOD, Poultry; Mr. ASPERNE, and Messrs. RICHARDSON, Cornnill; 
Messrs. A. & J. BLACKS and H. PARRY, Leadenhall-street ; Messrs. CROSBY 
and Co., Stationers' Hall Court; Mr. OSTELI-, and Mr. LAW, Avemaria-lane ; 
Mr. MOTTLEY, Portsmouth; Mr. HAYBON, Plymouth; Messrs. NORTON and 
SON, Bristol; Mr. ROBINSON, and Mr. JONES, Liverpool; Messrs, MANNERS 
and MILLER, Mr. CREECH, and Mr. CONSTABLE, Edinburgh; Mr. 
ARCHER, Dublin; and the principal Booksellers in the different Seaport Towns 
throughout the Unueii K ingdom. 

MDCCCV. 






TO 

SIR CHARLES MORICE POLE, BART. 

ADMIRAL OF THE BLUE, 
THIS FOURTEENTH VOLUME OF THE 

jRatml Chronicle 

IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED 
BY THE EDITORS. 










PREFACE 

TO THE FOURTEENTH VOLUME. 

JL HE thirteen Columns we have raised, will hereafter 
be often pilfered, to set off the works of those, who 
would otherwise search in vain for such materials. 
Such were the words with which we concluded our 
last Preface, and very fully has the truth of them heen 
confirmed, by what has since taken place ; for never 
was any poor devil so plucked, and pulled, and 
gutted, as our Chronicle has heen, since the lamented 
death of our illustrious Hero, Lord Nelson. Some 
of the public Prints, particularly the Oracle and The 
London Chronicle, were liheral enough to acknow- 
ledge the source* whence they had derived the 
only authentic materials that exist respecting this 
renowned Officer. At our request, which Mr* 
M 'Arthur communicated to his Lordship, he was 
pleased to send us a Memoir of his professional life, 
in his own hand writing-, on three sheets of letter 



Vl TKEFACE. 

paper an invaluable relic, which is still in. Mr. M'Ar- 
thur's possession ; and from this document Lord Nel- 
son's biographical memoir was composed by the Rev. 
J. S. Clarke, conjointly with the above gentleman. 
The whole of what has appeared since, as far as relates 
to the period which our memoir embraced, whether 
published in separate Volumes, or in the public 
prints, has been pilfered from the Naval Chronicle. 

Such being- the fact, the utility of our labours, and 
the interest of our respective Volumes, cannot be 
denied : But besides the above biographical Memoir, 
we have at different times published various papers 
relative to Lord Nelson; and to which our Readers 
may possibly now wish to have one general reference : 

In Volume the first j 1799, page 42, we inserted a bird's eye 
view of Lord Nelson's action with the French fleet in Aboukir 
Iky, as drawn by Mr. Pocock from accounts furnished by some 
Olliccrs who were present. II. At page 29, is the memorial 
which Sir II. Nelson presented in 1797. III. At page 43, an 
authentic narrative of the proceedings of Lord Nelson's squadron 
from the 9lh of May, 1798, to the beginning of August, in the 
same ytar " This paper, we have always been led to believe, 
was written by the Chaplain of the Vanguard." IV. At page 83, 
is a description of the medal that was in circulation in the metro, 
polls, in honour of the Battle- of the Nile. V. Address to the Nile, 
by Mr. Py; page 1-42, and extract from a note in " The Pur. 
sails of Literature," which seemed prophetic, as it were, of the 
victory, page 143. VI. An account of the engagement off the Nile, 
n original communication by a French Oihccr, page 149. Reflec- 
tions on the same, page 158. VII. Gazette Letters, page 162. 
VI II. Extract from Mr. Bottles' admirable Song of the Battle of the 
Nile, page '235 : and from Mr. Sotheby's Poem on the same sub- 
ject, page i.'ir. IX. Anecdote relative to Lord Nelson, and Cap. 



PREFACE. Vj; 

tain Louis, in the Battle of the Nile, page 287. X. The Battle 
of the Nile, a dramatic Poem, on the model of the Greek Tra- 
gedy, page 309. XI. Presents sent to Lord Nelson by the Grand 
Seignior, page 340. XII. Answer of Lord Nelson to the Vote of 
Thanks from Hie House of Commons, page 437. XIII. List of the 
different Paintings of the Battle of the Nile, in the Exhibition of 
1799, page 518, &c. XIV. Chart of the Bay of Aboukir, with the 
situation of the French and English fleets, from the drawing of a 
French Officer, page 521. XV. Copy of a letter from Admiral 
Nelson to the Governor of Bombay, Oth of August, 1798, 
respecting the progress of the French, page 531. *' This interest, 
jng Paper was first circulated in private circles, and after it was 
printed was not generally known." XVI. For an account of the 
old Agamemnon, the Cttptain, Vanguard, and Victory; Ships 
which Lord Nelson respectively commanded ; see Appendix, No. 1. 

In Volume the second, 1799. I. Lord Hood's thanks and 
letter to Lord Nelson, in 1794, pages 42, 43. II. Lines, written 
at Lord Walpole's, on the Battle of the Nile, page 67. III. Lord 
Nelson's letter of thanks to Sir W. Anderson, late Lord Mayor, 
page T5. IV. Dimensions of the Canopus, one of the French 
Ships taken at the Battle of the Nile, page 341. V. The Leandcr 
restored by the Emperor of Russia, as a mark of esteem to the 
Officers, and Crews, who served under Lord Nelson on the first of 
August, 1798, page 377. VI. The following article came to us in 
a cover, and as we imagined from his Lordship : u A few remarks 
relative to myself in the Captain, in which my pendant was flying 
on the most glorious Valentine's Day, 1797," page 500. VII. Ga- 
zette Letters, pages 5 1 29, 530. VIII. Account of the Naval Fete at 
Palermo, by the young Prince Leopold, in honour of Lord Nel- 
son, page 533. IX. Marriage on board the Foudroyant, in 
Naples Bay, page 547. 

In Volume the third, 1800. I. Gazette Letters, page 222. 
II. Letter from Lord Nelson to his agent at Rome, respecting the 
Monument decreed to him by the inhabitants of that City, 
page 145. 111. BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF LORD NELSON, page 
157. ANT.CDOTES, pages 192, 195. IV". Extract from Mr. W. T. 
Fitzgerald's Poem on the Battle of the Nile, page 219. V. Ex- 
tracts from sqme of Lord NeUou's letters illustrative of his charac- 



Vlll PREFACE. 

ter, with Fac Similes of his hand writing, previous and subsequent 
to the loss of his right arm, page 303. VI. Lord Nelson landed ill 
in Sicily, page 508. 

In Volume the fourth, 1800. I. Noticed in the Biography of 
Earl St. Vincent, page 39. II. Lines on Lord Nelson's Victory, 
page 60. III. On the Naval Tactics which Lord Nelson employed 
in the Battle of the Nile, pages 199, 229. " Our vaunting 
enemy declared nothing like it had ever before appeared ; and 
stilecl it Tactique dc Nelson." IV. Lord Nelson's arrival, pages 
428, 431. Notice of the San Josef's going out of dock, page 
437. His Lordship presented at Court, page 442. His pendant 
on board fhc Natmir, of 98 guns, Captain Hardy, page 443. 

In Volume the Jifth^ 1801. I. Lord Nelson Lieutenant to 
Commodore Locker, page 118. II. An account of the Victory 
off Copenhagen, page 334, and Sir Hyde Parker's official letter, 
page 351. Lord Nelson's official letter, page 354. Thanks of 
the House moved to Lord Nelson, &c. 5 page 364. III. Lines on 
the Victory off Copenhagen, page 426. IV. Account of the action 
pfF Copenhagen, in a letter from an Officer to his Father, page 
451 ; see also pages 452, 453. V. Lord Nelson created a Vis. 
count, page 4G4. VI. Lord Nelson's investiture of Sir Thomas 
Graves with the Order of the Bath, page 532. 

In I olumc the sixth, 1801. I. Lord Nelson's arrival from the 
Baltic, page 69 his address to the different Officers and Crews on, 
leaving them, ibid. II. Hoists his Hag on board the Unite, at 
Shccrness, with 16 Frigates under his command, pages 73, 74, 
and S3. III. Private letters respecting the Passage of the Sound, 
and the Danish, Naval Force, page 1 17 123. IV. Gazette Letters, 
page 152 158. V. Lord Nelson's address to his squadron, after 
thi'ir first and second attack upon Boulogne, page 160. VI. Cre* 
a.ted a Baron of the United Kingdom, page 170. VII. Impromptu 
on his attack upon Boulogne, page 227 see also page 500. 
VIII. His Majesty's permission to Lord Nelson for wearing the 
Great Cross of the Order of St. Ferdinand, and of Merit ; and for 
accepting the Dukedom of Bronte, page 258. IX. Lord Nelson's 
pommendation of Sir J. Saumarez, in the House of Commons, 
page 418. 
In Volume the seventh, 1802. I. Anecdote, page 32. II. 



PREFACE. IX 

tional verses to God save the King, in honour of Lord Nelson, 
page 343. Song made on board the Foudroyant, page 344. 

In V'jlume the eighth, 1802. I. Permission to wear the 
ensigns of Knight Grand Commander of the Equestrian Secular, 
and Capitular Order of St. Joachim, page 8G. II. Sailing direc- 
tions for Copenhagen, employed by Lord Nelson, page 211. 
III. Rev. C. "VTillyams's account of Lord Nelson's proceedings in 
the Mediterranean, with a narrative of the Battle of the Nile, 
pages 226, 387. IV. Lines on the Victory off Copenhagen, 
page 464. 

In Volume the ninth) 1803. I. Lines by a Sailor on board the 
Vanguard, on the Battle of the Nile, page 147. II. Lord Nelson 
first hoists his Hag on board the Victory, his anxiety to get under 
weigh, page 421. 

In Volume the tenth) 1803. I. Gazette Letters, page 500. 

In Volume the eleventh, 1804. I. Gazette Letters, pages 251, 
252. II. Extract from his private letters, .respecting the Toulon 
Squadron, page 258. III. Monument erected by the Danes at 
Copenhagen, page 357. IV. Short account of Lord Nelson's Flag- 
ship, the Victory, Appendix, No. 1, page 3. 

In Volume the tzcclfth, 1804. I. Examination of Lord Nelson 
before the Commissioners of Naval Inquiry, page 28. II. Gazette 
Letters, pages 131, 140, 315. III. Detachment from Lord Nel- 
son's Fleet, sent off Toulon Extract from private letters, page 
242. IV. Lord Nelson's answer to the Lord Mayor, on receiving 
a Vote of Thanks from the Corporation, page 275. 

In Volume the thirteenth) 1805. I. Extract from the Moniteur, 
giving the French account of Lord Nelson's blockade of the port 
of Barcelona, page 74. II. Account of the action off Copenhagen 
by a Dane, page 463. III. Letter from an Officer on board Lord 
Nelson's Fleet, page 482. 

We could hardly have imagined, until this general 
Table of reference to the services of Lord Nelson had 
been drawn up, that the pages of our Chronicle had 
preserved, and collected, so many interesting facts 



X PREFACE. 

respecting this lamented Officer. Should any of our 
Headers wish to consult a list of the French naval 
force previous to Lord Nelson's Action, they will find 
one in Vol. XIII, page 260. 

It frequently occurs, that whilst we are waiting in 
order to procure authentic biographical memoirs of 
Naval Officers, and have actually made application to 
the Officers themselves ; some of the periodical works 
will publish an hasty and imperfect sketch of the 
very characters we had selected. This has lately 
happened, both with Sir C. Pole, and Sir Home 
Popham ; and it is a duty we owe ourselves to assert, 
that if any original documents had been sent from 
those Officers, the NAVAL CHRONICLE would have 
had a preference. Our memoir of Admiral Milbanke, 
which was ready for publication, has been delivered 
to a friend of his family, with the hope of rendering it 
as complete as possible. We also request communica- 
tions from professional men who were acquainted 
with that worthy Admiral ; and also from those who 
cither knew, or served with the late Sir Richard 
Pearson, Lieutenant Governor of Greenwich Hos- 
pital, and the gallant Captain Faulknor, who pre- 
ceded Lord Nelson in the path of glory, during the 
year 1795. We return our respectful thanks to Lady 
Pearson, for the papers we have received : and are 
happy to inform our Readers, that previous to Mrs, 
Faulknor's recent death, she had given every paper 



PREFACE. xl 

she could collect, relative to her Son, to one of our 
earliest Patrons, who is now employed in preparing 
them for the press. 

The length of this Preface will not allow us to add 
some other remarks which we had reserved for this 
occasion. In Naval Literature we particularly recom- 
mend " The Naval and Military Memoirs of Great 
Britain, by Beatson, from 1727 to 1783," in six 
Volumes ; the three last were published in 1 804 : 
and, as we have sometimes noticed the respective 
value of the public Prints, (Vol. 12, page 411), from 
a knowledge of their value on board, after a long 
cruise ; we shall also mark with approbation, as an 
independent and well-written history of the times, 
" Mr. Readhead Yorke's Weekly Political Review." 

We must now take Jeave of our Friends, lest we 
should miss the Tide; and endeavour by a judicious 
and careful freightage of our next Vessel, to secure 
their approbation, and to prolong their patronage. 

*** From the information we have just received, by Officers 
who were on board the Temeraire, during the late glorious action, 
that Ship was never boarded. 

Communications intended for insertion in the NAVAL CHRONI- 
CLE, are requested to be sent to the Publisher, Mr. GOLD, 
103.- Shoe Lane, Fleet Street. 



PLATES IN VOLUME XIV. 

From Original Designs. 



PLAIT. 

HEAT> PIECE to Vol. XIV. PORTTI.-.IT of the WINDSOR CASTLE, of 98 
gun?. Engraved on Wood by C. NESIUT, from a Drawing by 

POCOCK f * 

CLXXXII. POBTRA IT of Sir THOMAS BOULDEN THOMPSON, Knight. En- 
graved by RIDLEY, from a Portrait by ENGLEHEART ; 1 

CLXXXIII. Vn w of GUANAIIANT, or CAT ISLAND. Engraved by WELL*, 

from a Drawing by POCOCK is 49 

CLXXXIV. PORTRAIT- cf the Hon. RICHARD WALPOLE., Commander of 
the lloughion East Indiaman. Engraved by RIDLEY, from a 
Drawing by HAMILTON 89 

CLXXXV. GALLANT ACTION between three East Indiamen, under the 
Command of Commodore WILSON, and a French Line-of-Battle 
.Ship, of 7'lguns, and Frigate of '26 guns. Engraved by MEDLAND, 
from a Drawing made by POCOCK from a Sketch transmitted by 
W. WILSON, Esq., the Commodore's Son 13 

CLXXXVI. PORTRAIT of JOHN BAZELY, Esq., Vice-Admiral of the lied 
Squadron. Engraved by RIDLEY, from a Miniature Painting by 
LANGDON 177 

CLXXXVII. VIEW of ST. PETERSBURG. Engraved by HALL, from a 

Drawing by F. GIB > JN, Esq., F.A.S 224 

CLXXXVIII. PORTRAIT of MAURICE SUCKLING, Esq., Captain R. N. 
Eujraved by RIDLEY, from a Miniature in the possession of JOHN 
CHAR NOCK, Esq., F.A.S 26."' 

CLXXXIX. VIKW of the CITY of NEW YORK, on the Coast of NORTH 

AMERICA. Engraved by HALL, from a Drawing by G T. * 294' 

CXC. PORTRAIT of PHILLIPS COSBY, Esq., Admiral of the Red Squadron. 

Engraved by RIDLEY, from a Miniature Painting by ROBINSON . . 353 

CXCI. An accurate CHART of the COAST of SPAIN from CADIZ to CAPE 
TRAFALGAR, where the glorious Victory was obtained by the 
ENGLISH FLEET, under the Command of Lords NELSON and 
COLLING WOOD, over the COMBINED FLEETS of FRANCE and 
SPAIN. Drawn and engrayed by An ROW SMITH 416 

CXCII. Correct VIEW of BOULOGNE, with the Encampments, on the 
Heights, of the French Army, intended by Buonaparte for the 
Invasion of England. Engraved by MIDLAND from a Drawing of 
POCOCK'S, copied from a Sketch taken by un Ofliccr on board the 
Euryalus Frigate , , 481 

CXCIIT. PLAN of the ENGLISH and COMP.INF.D FLEETS of FBANCE and 
SPAIN, as they appeared on the gloriotis^lst of October. Engraved" 
from a Drawing transmitted by an Ollicer in tlie Action to the 
Lords of the Admiralty 4p(j 

CXCIV. Representation of a MONUMENT erected in WESTMINSTER ABBEY 
tn the Memory of Captains P.AYNE, I'.T.AIR, and Lord ROBERT 
MANNERS. Engraved by H. 11. COOK, from a Drawing by 
T. MAYNAKD. 




Th; Windsor Castle, of 98 guns, built at Woolwich ; drawn by Mr. Pocock just 
before her launch, and engraved on wood by Mr. Nesbit. Her stem differs from most 
other three-deckers, by narrowing in at top; which gives her a very light appearance. 



BIOGRAPHICAL MV^iOlll OF 

SIR^THOMAS BOULDEN THOMPSON, KNT. 



OF THE KOYAI, NAVY, 



Lr.T ME PURCHASE IN MY YOUTH 



To MAKE ME LOV'D AND VALU'C WlltM I' .11 OLD." 

OTWAY. 

know not how to commence a fresh Volume of our 
labours with more self-satisfaction, than in presenting the 
Public with some particulars of Sir Thomas Boulden Thomp- 
son, a gallant Officer, whose distinguished Services point him 
out as an object of eulogy and emulation, in that Profession of 
which he is a dignified ornament. He is one of those brave 
Men die proudest boast of Britain who, by their glo- 
rious exertions, have increased the fame of their Country ; have 
seized, for themselves, a wreath of perrenial verdure; and whose 
names and virtues will live in the remembrance of a grateful 
posterity. 

Thomas Boulden, now Sir Thomas Boulden Thompson, it 
will be recollected by many of oar Readers, is the Nephew of 
cK, (Rur.XTV. B 



nioi.nAi'iiir.vr. .HI;.MOIU 



cible Oilitcr and worthy >M;;n, the deceased Captain 
luhvard Thompson, whose extraordinary merit, as a Seamaii 
and us a Writer, long since obtained tor him the most honour- 
able notice ia tin- biographical department of our Chronicle*. 
For yomiii' Bouklcn, the relationship Mas peculiarly fortunate; 
as to the: advantages which it ai'forded him must, in a great 
measure, be ascribed the conspicuous figure he has made in his 
Profession. 

The Subject of the present "Memoir is a Native of Kent. 
Ill- Father, Mr. Boulden, married Miss Thompson, the Sister 
of the late Mr. Thompson, \\lio had then attained only the 
rank of Lieutenant. The Boy, when very young, gave indica- 
tions of spirit, vigour, and ability ; but, as 

" The noblest blood of all the land's abash'd, 
Having no lacquey but pale poverty," 

those indications of spirit, vigour., and ability, might have proved 
useless to himself and to his Country; and the flower of his youth 
have been suffered to " waste its sweetness on the desert air," 
had not the fostering influence of his Uncle protected his earlier 
years. The narrow finances of Mr. Boutclen prevented him 
from bestowing the requisite education on his Son; but the 
deficiency was amply supplied by Captain Thompson, who 
placed his Nephew at school, for the purpose of receiving the 
first rudiments of learning. The literary acquirements of Cap- 
tain Thompson fully qualified him for the office of a preceptor ; 
and as soon as his Nephew was sufficiently advanced in his 
boyish studies, to profit by superior instruction, he took him 
entirely under his own care ; and, with the greatest accuracy, 
strictness, and success, taught him Navigation, in all its branches,, 
and instilled into the youthful mind of his pupil a very com- 
petent acquaintance with other subjects of useful and elegant 
knowledge. Though extremely indulgent to his Nephew, the 
old Gentleman never suffered his affection to over-reach hispru- 
tU-nce, nor would he ever accept of any but the most accurate 
performance of the tasks which he conceived it proper to impose. 

* Vide Vol. ill, jrjjjt' *-'; Vol. VI, pa-e 137; and Vol. VII, page 93. 



OF SIU THOMAS BOCLDEV THOMPSON, KNT. 3 

The only punishment which he inflicted for those instances of 
idleness to which all boys are occasionally prone, was an 
increase of labour, and confinement from play, \\ hen the 
extraor<i : i!:!.r industry of the pupil claimed a reward, an appro- 
priate h. diligence was granted. 

In June 1778, the late Captain Thompson was appointed to 
command ttie Hvu-na Frigate*; and, at the same time, young 
Boulden, now taking the name of Thompson, having pre\ iously 
been rated a. a Midshipman, entered into active service on 
board of the same Ship, which was mostly employed on the 
Home Station till 1780. On the 16th of January, in that 
year, the Hyaena having been fixed on as a repeating Frigate to 
the Fleet commanded by Sir George Rodney, and destined for 
the relief of Gibraltar, our young Officer had an opportunity of 
witnessing our glorious Victory over the Spanish Squadron of 
Don J. de Langara, off St. Vincent; a Victory which could not 
fail of making a lasting impression on his mind. It was after 
this Engagement that the senior Thompson was sent home with 
duplicates of the dispatches relative thereto ; arriving in England 
two days before Captain M'Bride, who sailed from Gibraltar 
with the originals, in the Childers Brig, ten days before the 
Hyaena. 

Young Thompson accompanied his Uncle on his return to 
Gibraltar 1 , whence, in the following year, that Gentleman sailed 
as Commodore of an Expedition against Demerara ; which, with 
die .Dutch Settlements of Berbice and Issequibo, surrendered 
without opposition '}-. On this Station Mr. Thompson was 
engaged in much active Service ; and the meritorious manner in 
which he conducted himself procured him a Lieutenancy, which 
the Admiralty soon after confirmed. 

Shortly after this appointment. Lieutenant Thompson com- 
manded a small Schooner, and distinguished himself by capturing 
a French Privateer of very superior force. 

In July 1783, soon after the conclusion of the American 
War, the late Captain Thompson was appointed Commodore on 



Vide NAVAL CHRO> K.T.E, \>A. VI, page ijj. t I&iii. Vol. VII, page 9. 



BIOMIAHIICAL MEMOIR 



the African Station * ; Ids Nephew acting as his Second Lieute- 
nant, in the Grampus. On the death of the Commodore, in 
January 178(i, Captain Trip, of the Nautilus, succeeded to the 
Command of the Grampus; and, by an agreement with his 
senior Lieutenant, Mr. Thompson Mas appointed Master and 
Commander of that Sloop. In the Nautilus he made a Voyage 
down the Coast of Africa, executing the commission with M hich 
he was intrusted, to the satisfaction of his Commanding Officer, 
and with the full approbation of the Admiralty. For the period 
of twelve months, which he remained on the African Station, 
he Mas no less distinguished than his deceased Uncle, for nau- 
tical skill, and for a strict attention to the various duties of his 
Profession. 

On his return to England, when his Ship was paid off, Cap- 
tain Thompson spent some lime in London. 

From London Captain Thompson retired to Hertfordshire, 
where he principally remained, until the commencement of 
hostilities subsequent to the French Revolution. 

lie obtained Post rank in 1790. Some time after the 
beginning of the War, he was appointed to the Leander, of 50 
guns, and stationed in the North Seas, where he performed con- 
siderable Service. In 1796> the Leander was ordered to Ports- 
month, to be refitted, and remained there till the Summer of 
1797, \shen she was directed to convoy a Fleet of Merchant- 
men, and afterwards to proceed to Gibraltar. It was shortly 
after Captain Thompson's arrival at that Port, that Admiral 
Karl St. Vincent, from a variety of intelligence which he had 
received, Mas induced to believe that the Town of S;uita Cruz, 
in the Island of Teneriffe, Mas an assailable object. That 
Town Mas well fortified by the Spaniards; and to insure a 
probability of success in the attempt to take it, Men of skill and 
intrepidity were requisite. The command of the Squadron 
\\hich was appointed to this Service Mas accordingly given to 
Rear-Admiral Nelson, with permission for him to choose his 
Officers. Captain Thompson was one of those on whom the 
Rear-Admiral's election fell; and, with the Captains, Trow- 

* Vidt NAVAL CHHO.NICLIS, Vol. VI, page 460. 



OF SIR THOMAS COrr.DKX THOMPSON, KNT. . 5 

bridge, Hood, Freemantle, Bowen, Miller, and Waller, he 
volunteered his services to luiid the Troops. On the evening of 
the 2Jth of July, the Squadron anchored a few miles to the 
northward of Santa Cruz ; and, by eleven o'clock at night, all 
the Men were in the Beats, and rowed towards the Shore in 
six divisions. In their progress some unfortunate accidents 
happened ; and the night being extremely dark, the Boats 
were unable to keep together. The Rear-Admiral, however, 
and the Captains, Thompson and Freemantle, with four or five 
Boats, succeeded in landing at the Mole, which they stormed 
and carried, although defended by four or rive hundred Men, 
and half a dozen 24-pounders, which they spiked. But such a 
heavy fire of musketry and grape shot Mas kept up from the 
Citadel, and the houses at the Mole-head, that it was impossible 
for them to advance; and, almost to a Man, the whole party 
was either killed or wounded. Among the latter, as is generally 
fcnown, was the brave Nelson, who lost his right arm, and the 
Captains Thompson and Freemantle, who were only slightly 
hurt. 

Notwithstanding the failure of this attempt, the merit of the 
Officers employed shone conspicuous, and met with the fuli 
approbation of their gallant superior. Rear-Admiral Nelson, in 
his letter to Earl St. Vincent on the occasion, asserts, that 
more daring intrepidity never zcas shown, than by the Captains, 
Officers, and 31cn, n'hom lie had the honour to command*. 

After this affair, "Captain Thompson returned to Gibraltar, on 
which Statiou he remained till June 1798, when he was ordered 
by Earl St. Vincent to the Mediterranean, destined soon to 
become the scene of his individual, as well as of the national 
glory. 

For a full and circumstantial account of the glorious Battle of 
the Nile, on the 1st of August, we must refer our Readers to 
the earlier Volumes of our Work-}-. Instead therefore of 
entering into detail, we shall simply offer a few brief observa- 
tions, relating more immediately to the subject of the present 

* Vide NAVAL CHRONICLE, Vol. Ill,- page 179. 
t Vol. I, page 43 ; and Vol. Ill, page 18*. 



MEMOIR 



Memoir. The Enemy had taken a station which they supposed, 
and not without probability, would secure to them the most 
decided advantages. The situation in which they were moored 
vuts such as might be expected to afford full play to their 
Artillery, to the force and dexterous management of \\hich the 
splendid series of their land Victories was in a great measure to 
be imputed. Our Officer's Ship, the Leander, though but of 5Q 
guns, \\as stationed in the Lir.e of Battle. By an instantaneous 
exertion of that powerful genius which, with the rapidity of 
thought, conceives and executes new measures for cases of 
untried emergency, Admiral Nelson immediately decided on the 
movement which determined the event of the day; and thus 
early prevented the effectual co-operation of the French Batte- 
ries with their Line. 

In a narrative of this illustrious Victory of Admiral Nelson, 
which was published at a shortly-subsequent period, the achieve- 
ments of our Officer are mentioned in terms of the highest 
praise. " Captain Thompson," says the writer, " of the Lean- 
der, of 50 guns, with a degree of skill and intrepidity highly 
honourable to his professional character, advanced towards the 
Enemy's Line on the outside, and most judiciously dropped his 
anchor athwart the hauser of le Franklin, raking her with great 
success, the shot from the Leander's broadside, which passed 
that Ship, all striking 1'Orient, the Flag-ship of the French 
Commander in Chief." 

Thus did Captain Thompson, with a Ship of inferior force, 
succeed in that noble achievement peculiar to British bravery and 
skill; the cutting through the Enemy's Line*. 

On the 5th of August, the Leander sailed, with Captain, now 
Sir Edward Berry, of the Vanguard, as the bearer of Admiral 
Nelson's dispatches to the Commander in Chief. In the course 
of the Leander's Passage, Captain Thompson had an opportunity 
of exerting his Naval abilities, which, though unfortunate in the 
result, as fully and gloriously manifested the heroism of his 



* The total loss which the Lcandcr sustained was that of 1,4 Seamen being, 
wounded. 



OF SIR THOMAS BOULDEN THOMPSON, KNT. 

Character, and vigour of his genius, as any of his previous or 
subsequent exploits. Disabled by the late Battle, and far short 
of her complement of Men, on the 1 8th of August the Leander 
was fallen in with by le Genereux, a French 74 gun Ship, with 
her full complement of Men. Under these circumstances, Cap- 
tain Thompson, as wisdom directed and duty required, endea- 
voured to avoid an Engagement ; but the state of his Ship ren- 
dering it impossible to escape without a contest, he instantly 
prepared for action; and, notwithstanding the inferiority and 
disadvantages under which he laboured, he maintained an 
obstinate combat for six hours and a half. At length, finding 
his Ship entirely a Wreck, he consulted with Captain Berry on 
the propriety of holding out any longer ; and, with the con- 
currence and advice of that able Officer, he found it expedient 
to yield to the circumstances of the moment, and reluctantly 
surrendered. 

The Leander Mas carried into Corfu, whence the unfortunate 
Captives were sent to Trieste. Immediately on his arrival at 
the latter place, Captain Thompson wrote to Admiral Nelson, 
apprising him of the loss of His Majesty's Ship Leander, in the 
following terms ; a duplicate of which was also dispatched, 
under cover, to Evan Nepean, Esq., for the information of the 
Lords Cominissioners of the Admiralty : 

Trieste, Oclwer 13, 1798. 

It is with extreme pain I have to relate to you the Capture of 
His Majesty's Ship Leander, late uuder my command, by a French 
74 gun Ship, affer a close Action of six hours and a half. On the 
18!h of August last, being within five or six miles of the west end 
of Goza, near the Island of Caudia, we discovered at day-break a 
Jarge x Sail on the S. E. quarter, standing directly for the Leander; 
we M'cre then becalmed, but the stranger bringing up a line breeze 
from the soutlnyard, ^ve soon made him to be a large Ship of the 
Line. As the Leander was in Officers and Men upwards of 80 
short of their complement, and had on board a number which 
were wounded on the 1st, I did not consider myself justified iu 
.seeking an Action with a Ship which appeared of such considerably 
superiority in poiut of size, and therefore took every means in my 
power to avoid it: l } however, soon Fyiuul. that an inferiority- af 



8 810ft RA1M1ICAI, MEMOIR 

sailing made it inevitable; and I therefore, with all .sail .set, steered 
the Leander a course winch I judged would receive our Adversary 
to the best advantage, should he bring us to battle. At 8 o'clock 
the strange Ship (still continuing to have the good fortune of the 
"Wind) had approached us within a long random shot, and had 
Neapolitan Colours hoisted, which he now changed to Turkish ; 
twt this deception was of no avail, as I plainly made him to be 
French. At nine he had ranged up M ithin a hali' gun-shot of our 
weather quarter; I therefore hauled the Leander up sufficiently to 
bring the broadside to bear, and immediately commenced a vigorous 
cannonade on him, which lie instantly returned. The Ships con- 
tinued nearing each other till half-past ten, keeping up a constant 
and heavy firing. At this time I perceived the Enemy intending to 
run us on board, and the Leander Iving very much cut up in 
rigging, sails, and yards, I was unable, with the light air that 
blew, to prevent it. He ran us on board on the larboard bow, 
and continued alongside us for some time. A most spirited and 
well-directed fire, however, from our small party of Marines, (com- 
manded by the Serjeant,) on the poop and from the quarter-deck, 
prevented the Enemy from taking advantage of his good fortune, 
and he was repulsed in all his efforts to make an impression on us. 
The firing from the great guns was all this time kept up with the 
same vigour; and a light breeze giving the Ships way, I wa> 
pnnbled to steer clear of the Enemy, and soon afterwards had the 
satisfaction to luif under his stern, and passing him within ten 
yards, distinctly discharged every gun from the Leander into him. 
As from thenceforward was nothing but a continued scries of 
heavy firing within pistol-shot, without any Wind, and the Sea as 
smooth as glass, I feel it unnecessary to give you the detail of 
the elfects of every shot, which must bie obvious from our situation. 
I shall therefore content myself with assuring you, that a most 
vigorous cannomuV: was kept up from the Leander without the 
smallest intermission, until half-past three in the afternoon. All 
this time the Enemy having passed our bows with a light breeze, 
and brought himself on our starboard side, we found that ouf 
guns on that side were nearly all disabled by the wreck of our own 
spars, that had all fallen on this side. This produced a cessation 
of our fire, and the. Enemy took this time to ask us if we had >ur- 
rendered ? The Leander was now totally ungovernable, uot 
having a thing standing but the shattered remains of the fore anJ 
main-mast 1 !, and the bowsprit; her hull cut to pieces, and the 
decks fall of killed and wounded 3 and percening thuEuemv, -who 
3 



OF SIR THOMAS BOULDEN THOMPSON, K.NT. 9 

had only lost his mizen-top-mast, approaching to place himself 
athwart our stern ; in this defenceless situation I asked Captain 
Berry if he thought we could do more? lie coinciding with mp 
that farther resistance was vain and impracticable, and ir.ueed 
all hope of success having for some time vanished, I therefore now 
directed an answer to be given in the affirmative, and the Enemy 
soon after took possession of His Majesty's Ship. 1 cannot con- 
clude this account without assuring you how much advantage His 
Majesty's Service derived during this Action from the gallantry 
and activity of Capt. Berry, of the Vanguard. I should a!-o be 
wanting in justice if I did not bear testimony to the steady bravery 
of the Officers and Seamen of the Leander in this hard contest, 
which, though unsuccsseful in its termination, will still, I trust, 
entitle them to the approbation of their Country. The Enemy 
proved to be the Genereux, of 74 guns, commanded by M. Lejoillc, 
chef de divinon, who had escaped from the Action of the 1st of 
August, and being the rearmost of the French Line, had received 
little or no share of it, having on board 900 Men, about 100 of 
whom we found had been killed in the present contest, and 188 
wounded. I enclose a list of the loss in killed and wounded in the 

Leander, and have the honour to be, c. 

T. TUOMPSOX. 

A Return of Officers and Men Killed and Wounded on board His 
Majesty's Ship Leander. 

Officers killed. Mr. Peter Downes *, Midshipman ; Mr. Gib- 
son, Midshipman of the Caroline; Mr. Edward Haddon, Mid. 
shipman. 24 Seamen killed. Marines killed : Serjeant Bair. and 
7 Privates. Total : 3 Officers, 21 Seamen, 1 Serjeant, 7 Marines. 

Officers wounded. Capt. Thompson, badly; Lieut. Taylor; 
Lieut. Swiney : Mr. Lee, Master ; Mr. Mathias, Boatswain, 
badly ; Mr. Lacky, Master's Mate ; Mr. Xailor, Midshipman. 
41 Seamen; 9 Marines. Total: 7 Officers, 41 Seamen, 9 Marines, 
wounded. 



* This gentleman was the younger Son of the ancient Family of Downes, of 
Shrigley, in Cheshire. He was only in his 20th year, but had served in the most 
active scenes during the whole of the War, with the highest honour to himself, 
the most distinguished approbation of his commanding Officers, and the universal 
esteem of his Comrades. Towards the conclusion of the defence of the Leander, 
be received a fatal shot, of the wound from which he lingered, with the greatest 
resignation, till the following morning. Ed. 

m. CJoI.XIV. c 



10 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR 

The circumstance of their being taken Prisoners was not thf 
only inconvenience which Captain Thompson and his Officers 
sustained; for no sooner had they arrived on board of Ic Gene- 
reux than they were plundered of every article belonging to them, 
excepting the clothes which they wore. They expostulated 
with the French Captain on the harshness of this treatment, but 
their remonstrances were in vain ; and when they reminded him 
of the situation of the French Officers who had been made 
Prisoners by Admiral Nelson, in comparison with those now 
taken in the Leander, he coolly replied : " J'ensuis fache, mais 
Ic fait est, que les Franf'du sont bons au pillage*" Captain 
Berry expressed a wish to have a pair of pistols returned to 
him, of which he had been plundered. On their being pro- 
duced, however, by the Man who took them, the French 
Captain immediately secured them for himself, telling Captain 
Berry that he would give him a pair of French pistols to protect 
him on his journey home. It is proper to add, that the promise 
was never performed. 

Various other acts of cruelty were experienced by Captain 
Thompson and his gallant Crew, from these worshippers of 
liberty and equality, which would have disgraced a Bombay 
Corsair, or an American Savage. Their inhumanity was even 
carried to*uch an extreme, that, at the very moment when the 
Surgeon of the Leander was performing the chirurgical opera- 
tions, he was robbed of his instruments ; and the wound which 
Captain Thompson had received was nearly proving fatal by 
their forcibly withholding the attendance of his Surgeon. The 
barbarous treatment inflicted on these brave Men was continued 
even after their arrival at Corfu, as is evident from the follow ing 
letter on this subject, addressed by Mr. Stanley, the British 
Consul at Trieste, to the Lords of the Admiralty : 

MY LORDS, Trieste, 3d, December, 1798. 

Thirty Seamen of the Leander, which was taken and carried 
into Corfu, arrived here from that Island the 20th ult. : these poor 
Men were forced away in three small inconvenient Vessels, ten ia 

* I am sorry for it; but the fact is, that the French are expert at plunder. 



OF SIR THOMAS BOULDEN THOMPSON, KNT. 11 

each, some of them badly wounded, and in a very weak state, 
being obliged to lie on the decks, exposed to the inclemency of the 
season, seventeen days. On Friday ten more arrived from the 
4ame place. The first thirty, having finished their quarantine of 
thirteen days, came out this morning much recovered from the 
attention to their health and food. The last ten hare suffered more 
than the others, being twenty-three days on their passage, and so 
short of provisions, that, had not some Passengers taken com- 
passion on them, they must have perished. I am sorry to observe 
the French behaved very badly to them in the shortness of pro- 
visions. I hope, by proper care, to restore these valuable meri- 
torious Men. to their Country and Families. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

EDWARD STANLEY, 

P.ight Hon. Lords Commissioners British Consul at Trieste. 

ofthe Admiralty. 

By comparing the following ridiculous and bombastic epistle 
from the Captain of die Genereux, with the plain unvarnished 
statements of the British Officers who were concerned, our 
Readers will be enabled to judge of the veracity with which 
Frenchmen write, as well as of the superior gallantry with 
which t\\cyjight. 

Corfu, September 8, 1798. 

I have the pleasure to announce to you my arrival at Corfu. 
I have been here for some days past, having brought in the 
English Ship Leandcr, of seventy -four guns, which I met near the 
Isles of Goza and Candia, about a league from the Shore. This 
Ship had been sent to carry dispatches from Bequiers Road*, 
where the English had attacked us on the 1st of August. We 
were at anchor, but in a position certainly not very secure for our 
Squadron : of this bad situation they took advantage, and having 
placed us between two fires, a most dreadful slaughter took place, 
the Ships not being at a greater distance than pistol shot, and at 
anchor. From the circumstance ofthe Wind, with relation to the 
English Ships, we should have been superior in the contest, if 
1'Orient, our Admiral's Ship, had not blown up in the air, which 
threw us all into disorder; as, to avoid the llames that had already 
reached le Tonnant, every Vessel was obliged to shift its station. 
Having, however, placed my Ship in a situation favourable to the 

* Meaning Abouktr. 



12 BIOGRAFHICAL MEMOIR, 

direction of its cannon, I fought her until three in the morning of 
the following day to that in which, at ten in the evening, 1'Orient 
blew up. 

By a singular accident I missed having a broadside at Captain 
Darby, who sailed with us in the last War from the Cape of Good 
Hope to Cadiz. Ilis Ship, the Bellerophon, of 74 guns, sailed 
past me about half-past ten in the evening, having lost her main- 
mast and mizen-mast. I fired three of our shots at her, which 
carried away the mast she was hoisting, and struck away one of 
the lanthorns off the poop. 

I immediately ordered one of my Officers to go in pursuit o/, 
and to bring on board of my Ship the Captain of this Ship; but 
in half an hour afterwards, when I was about to send my Boat on 
board her, the fire from several English Ships being directed against 
me, compelled me rather to think of answering their guns than of 
taking possession of the other Ship ; and the slow manner in which 
the Officer whom I had dispatched proceeded to execute my 
orders, was the cause of my failing to take possession of this other 
Ship. 

As to the Leander, I was obliged to fight with her for nearly 
four hours and three quarters. She carries sevetrfij-four guns, 24 
and 30 pounders on her lower deck, and 12 pounders on her 
upper. J should have made myself Master of her in less than an 
hour, had we been at close fighting. During the Engagement we 
boarded her ; and I should have succeeded in making prize of her 
by boarding, if I had had a more active Crew. 

CSigned) LEJOILLE, jun. 

On the 1/th of December, 1798, Captain Thompson having 
been regularly exchanged, a Court Martial was held on board 
His Majesty's Ship America, at Sheerness, to inquire into his 
conduct, and into that of the Officers and Men who served 
under him, when the Leander was taken. The requisite forms 
having been gone through, the Court delivered the following 
honourable sentence of acquittal : 

The Court having heard the evidence brought forward in support 
of Captain Thompson's Narrative of the Capture of the Leander, 
and having very maturely aud deliberately considered the whole, 
is of opinion, that the GALLANT ami ALMOST UNPRECEDENTED 
deft-nee of Captain Thompson, of the Leander, against so superior 
a torce as that of the Gcnereux, is deserving of every praise this 



OF SIR THOMAS BOULDEN THOMPSON, KNT. IS 

Country and this Court can give ; and that his conduct, with that 
of the Officers and Men under his command, reflects not only th 
highest honour on himself and them, but on their Country at 
large ; and the Court does therefore most honourably acquit Cap- 
tain Thompson, his Officers, and Ship's Company ; and he and 
they are hereby most honourably acquitted accordingly. 

The President of the Court, after the sentence had been read, 
addressed Captain Thompson in the following words : 

Captain Thompson I feel the most lively pleasure in return, 
ing to you the sword with which you have so bravely maintained 
the honour of your King and Country : the more so, as I am con- 
vinced, that when you are again called upon to dra^jv it in their 
defence, you will add 'fresh laurels to the wreath which you have 
already so nobly won. 

Soon after this period, His Majesty was pleased to confer 
the honour of Knighthood on Captain Thompson, and to 
reward his services \vitli a pension of 300/. per annum. 

In the following Spring, 1799* he was appointed to the 
Bellona, of 74 guns, and joined the Fleet under the command 
of Admiral Lord Bridport, off Brest, between the 30th of 
April and the l-2th of May. From this Station he was dis- 
patched, to reinforce Earl St. Vincent, with whom he remained, 
in the Mediterranean, till the month of August, and then 
returned to England. 

In the course of the year 1799;, Sir Thomas had the satisfac- 
tion of hearing, that his old Ship, the Leander, was taken % at 
Corfu, by the Russians and Turks; and that the Emperor 
of Russia had ordered her to be restored to His Britannic 
Majesty. 

In the early part of 1800, Captain Thompson was employed 
in the Channel and in Soundings; whence he returned with 
Admiral Sir Alan Gardner, to relit, in the month of March. 

We are not aware that our Officer was engaged in any farther 
service, until the period of the memorable Baltic Expedition, 
which sailed from Yarmouth Roads, under the command of Sir 
Hyde Parker, in March 1801. The glorious Victory of Copen- 
hagen, which speedily followed, is already recorded in our 



14 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR. 

Chronicle *, and will live in history, " till time itself shall die 
with age." 

From the intricacy of the navigation, the Bellona took the 
ground before she could enter into action ; and, by this unfor- 
tunate circumstance, Captain Thompson was prevented from 
taking so distinguished a part in the Engagement as he would 
otherwise have done. But, though not on the spot which had 
been assigned her, the Bellona was so stationed as to be highly 
serviceable, and the gallantry of her brave Commander was 
displayed with considerable effect. Being stationary, and within 
reach of the Enemy's Batteries, the loss which she sustained wag 
considerable. She had nine Seamen and two Marines killed; 
and forty-eight Seamen, ten Marines, and five Soldiers, wounded. 
Among the latter number was Captain Thompson himself, who 
had the misfortune to lose one of his legs in the Action: 

For his services on this occasion, he, in common with the 
rest of the Officers of the Fleet, received the thanks of both 
Houses of Parliament. His merit also was farther rewarded 
by an increase of his pension, from three to five hundred per 
annum ; and he has, we believe ever since, enjoyed the com- 
mand of the Mary Yacht, now stationed at Deptford. 

Captain Thompson's professional achievements are of a con- 
spicuous stamp. His exertions at the Victory of the Nile 
entitle him to high praise ; at the Battle of Copenhagen, all that 
was possible for man to do, in his situation, was performed ; and 
his defence of the Leander, so brave, so judicious, so deter- 
mined, will never be forgotten in the annals of the British 
Navy. 

We have now only to speak of Sir Thomas Boulden Thomp- 
son as a private Gentleman. As is evident from his portrait, 
which is considered to be a striking likeness, he possesses a 
manly, expressive, and interesting countenance ; he is above 
the middle size, of a vigorous make, and graceful figure. The 
latter, however, is now losing somewhat of its proportion ; as, 
from the loss of his leg, he is incapable of taking much exercise, 

* FWe Vol. V, pages 334 and 351. 



OF S-IR THOMAS BOULDEN THOMPSON, KNT. 13 

rxcept on horseback, and a tendency to corpulence becomes 
daily more and more visible. 

While at Gibraltar, he became acquainted with Miss Raikes, 
Daughter of Robert Raikes, Esq. of Gloucester, a young Lady 
of great beauty and accomplishments, and Niece to an Officer 
high in rank in the Garrison. To this Lady Sir Thomas has 
been married some years, and has a family of two or three 
children. 

Since his retirement from the active duties of his Profession; 
he resides on a farm of some extent, near Bushy Park ; and 
though he no longer fights the Battles of his Country, he feasU 
not idly on her produce ; but, like another Cincinnatus, devotes 
his time to the humble toils of agricultural pursuits. 



NAVAL ANECDOTES, 
COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &c. 

NANTES IN CURGITE VA5TO. 

LORD MELVILLE AND MR. TROTTER. 

'TPHE following is a clause in the Bond of Release executed 
between Lord Melville and Mr. Trottr.r, in Feb. 1803, 
respecting the destruction of Vouchers : 

Whereas for several years past there have been sundry accounts, 
reckonings, and money transactions depending K tween us, the 
accounts of which have lately been examined, adjus'ted, and agreed 
upon between us; and upon such examination, settlement, and 
adjustment, there remained a balance due from the said Alexander 
Trotter to the aforesaid Lord Viscount Melville, of one thousand 
five hundred and eighty pounds, eleven shillings and one penny, 
sterling money; ^vith which final examination, statement, and 
adjustment, both parties declare themselves perfectly satisfied, and 
do hereby approve of and ratify the same. And they have either 
mutually delivered up to each other, or resolved and- agreed 
mutually to cancel and destroy all the vouchers or other memo* 
randums and writings, that at any time heretofore may 1iave 
existed, passed, or been interchanged between them relative to the 
said accounts, and the different items and articles of which the said 
accounts are composed or consist; and they have further resolved 



18 NAVAL ANECDOTES, 

# 

and agreed, mutually to release and discharge each other up to the 
day of the date of these presents, for now and ever : Therefore, 
&c. &c. &c. 

WINDSOR CASTLE PACKET, CAPT. SUTTON. 

Barbadoes, March 19. 

THE Windsor Castle Packet, Capt. Sutton, arrived here from 
Falmouth, a few days since, in twenty-nine days. She would 
have been here sooner, had she not fallen in with a large French 
Privateer Brig to windward, carrying 20 guns, twelves and nines, 
and 175 Men. She came down under the Packet's lee Low, when 
she tacked Ship, with Spanish Colours flying, but soon after 
hoisted French, and fired a broadside. The Packet continued her 
course, making use of her small arms only, as she could not get 
any of her great guns to bear on the Privateer. She then ranged 
up close under the Windsor Castle' s quarter, and twice attempted 
to board, but was repulsed with the loss of several of her Crew. 
At length the Packet had the good fortune to get two of her guns, 
with round and canister, to bear on the Brig, and carried away 
her bowsprit and main-top-mast, when she dropped astern, to 
repair her damage, which must have been great. The defence of 
the Packet is here spoken of in the highest terms, as she carried 
only eight guns, and had on board only thirty-two People, 
including three Passengers. Her loss is not great, considering 
that she maintained a running fight of four hours continuance. 
One of her Men was killed, and three Passengers and six Seamen 
were wounded. Great praise is due to Captain Sutton and the 
Master for their very gallant conduct while in the presence of the 
Enemy, and the animating conduct of the Passengers cannot be 
spoken of too highly. It is with pleasure I can say that the 
wounded are all in a fair way, and will doubtless be well again in 
a few days. The Merchants here have voted a piece of plate, of 
1 50 guineas value, to Captain Sutton, for his gallant defence of 
the mails given into his charge, and it is to be hoped that Govern- 
ment will not let this meritorious action pass unrewarded. 

Names of the Passengers wounded. J. Graham, a ball through 
the cheek; M. Franklin, fleshy part of the thigh, with musketry; 
G. Ledeatt, calf of the leg. 

ADMIEAL HADDOCK. 

WHEN the renowned Admiral Haddock was dying, he begged 
to see his Son, to whom he thus delivered himself: " Notwith- 
standing my rank in Itfe, and public services for so many years, I 
7 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 17 

shall leave you only a small fortune; but, my dear boy, it is 
honestly got, and will wear well ; there are no Seamen's wages 
or provisions in it; nor is there one single penny of dirty money* 

LORD NELSON. 

LORD NELSON, shortly after the memorable Battle of 
Copenhagen, had occasion to w r riteto his Wine Merchant, to whom 
he facetiously apologized for not answering his letter, " as he had 
lately been much engaged! " 

CAPTAIN OF THE FAME, OF HULL. 

THE Captain of the Fame, of Hull, and a Sailor, made their 
escape from Prison at Verdun in France, on the night of the 
last of April, having first secured a stock of provisions. Pro- 
ceeding by bye roads, they reached a wood on the third day, in 
which they made themselves a small hut with some timber which 
they found ; and, while reposing- in it for a few hours, were 
attacked by a Wolf, which made several attempts to get into them, 
but without effect. On the fourth day their provisions being 
expended, they were obliged to attempt procuring a supply at a 
small Village, w r here thiy were taken into custody, and marched 
back on the road towards Verdun by four Men, from whom, 
however, finding their muskets not charged, they escaped, after 
travelling about a mile. Arriving on the Banks of the Sarr, near 
Sarr Libre, they swam across the River, and travelled onward 
towards the Rhine ; on the Banks of which, near Biberack, they 
arrived on the 9th of May; and partly by force, partly by money ^ 
obtained a passage over. From thence they passed, by way of 
Hesse Cassel, through Germany to Embden, which they reached 
on the 2 l 2d, and taking shipping there, with four other British 
Sailors who had also effected their escape, arrived hi this Country 
a few days ago. 

GALLANT EXPLOIT. 

A GALLANT Exploit was performed at Hastings, June 13, 
by two Row-boats belonging to this place, w r ith a party of Sea 
Fencibles, under the immediate command of Lieutenant Market, 
who is stationed here. 

On the evening of Wednesday a French Privateer was observed 
lurking in this neighbourhood; and the Fishermen, fearful of 
falling into their hands, returned again to the Shore a short time 
after having put to Sea. A coasting Sloop was observed at this 

Qol.XIV. B 



18 NAVAT, ANECDOTES, 

time coming before the Wind, and not being apprehensive of 
danger, fell an easy prey to the Enemy, who was seen to take 
possession, and stood out to Sea. The Boats before mentioned 
were soon manned with Volunteers from the Sea Fencibles with 
that alacrity which so eminently distinguishes British Seamen in the 
hour of danger, and on all other occasions where exertion is 
necessary, and, after a long and laborious chase of many hours, 
came up with the Sloop, and succeeded in the dangerous enterprize 
of boarding, and have this morning brought her into Hastings 
. Road. She proves to be the Industry, from Exeter to London, 
with sundry articles of Merchandize. The Privateer suffered th 
Master, with two Men, to remain on board, having previously 
robbed them of their watches, money, and clothes. The Mate, 
with two Boys, were sent on board the Privateer. 

LOSS OF THE SHIP JUPITER. 

THE Ship Jupiter, Law, which sailed from the Downs on the 
6th of March, for new York, on the 6th of April, lat. 40 P 20', 
long. 49, fell in with an immense quantity of wreck, by a piece 
of which her starboard bow was stove in : finding the pumps 
insufficient to keep her afloat, 38 Men, Women, and Children, 
got into the Long-boat, and the Captain and seven others in the 
Yawl, and had scarely time to push off, when the Ship sunk with 
27 Passengers on board. The Yawl was picked up two days 
after, but the Long-boat has not been heard of: there is reason, 
however, to suppose that she has likewise been picked up, as 
several Vessels were standing in the direction she took. 

MARRIAGE BETWEEN LADY HONOIIA LAMBERT AND LIEUT. 
WOODGATE OF THE ROYAL NAVY. 

WITH the progress of that mutual passion which led to this 
now indissoluble connection wq are unacquainted ; but the cir- 
cumstances that occurred at the altar will be found to be some, 
what out of the tisnal routine of modern marriages. Her Lady- 
ship is the Daughter of the Earl of Cavan, and on the 29th of 
April last completed the 21st year of her age. Lieut. Woodgate 
of the Navy served with the Noble Earl in Egypt, where he 
received a wound in his leg, which, without being amputated, 
obliges him, nevertheless, to make use of a wooden one. This 
wounded Officer, on Saturday last, gave notice to the Parish 
Clerk of St. Pancras, that he should, on the following morning, 
repair to the church of that parish, to be married to one Honora 



COiLMKRCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 19 

Lambert, for which he had a license (which afterwards proved to 
l)e a special one,) and requested the Clergyman might be in atten- 
dance at a quarter past nine o'clock, and particularly desired that 
no delay might take place. On the same day (Saturday) Lord 
Cavan called with a friend on the Parish Clerk, and inquired if he 
had not had notice of such an intended marriage; on being 
answered in the affirmative, his Lordship requested he might be 
permitted to wait in the Clerk's house to see the parties pass to 
the church, which was agreed to, and the next morning he 
attended at an early hour ; but previous to his going to the Clerk's 
house, he had stationed some persons opposite the church door to 
recognise the parties. 

About the appointed time (a quarter past nine o'clock) his Lord, 
ship was informed by one of his sentinels, that the parties were in 
church; whither, with three friends and two stout servants, he 
immediately repaired, and, on entering, demanded his Daughter ; 
which being refused by the Lieutenant and his friends, very high 
words ensued, and the argument was conducted with such violence, 
that it was thought proper to call in the constables resident in 
the neighbourhood. The Clergyman at length arrived (but not 
until nearly one hour behind the appointed time,) and joined the 
parties in the vestry, when, we understand, his Lordship, in the 
most positive terms, forbid the marriage. But whether the Cler- 
gyman thought he was not warranted in refusing to perform the 
ceremony, both of the parties being of age, or from what other 
motive he might have acted, we do not pretend to decide, but to 
the altar, in presence of the Noble Earl, was his Daughter led, 
*' nothing loth," and the service was commenced; in the middle 
of which his Lordship rose, and. in a loud voice three times for- 
bade the marriage. He was instantly answered by the Parson, 
who informed his Lordship that the couple were already betrothed 
to each other, and that it was his duty to finish the ceremony, 
which he accordingly did; and as soon as it was concluded, the 
Naval Hero bore wxay his Prhe. His Lordship left the church, 
after he was informed by the Clergyman that the parties were 
betrothed, which was before the ceremony was quite finished. 
Lord Cavan was married very early in life, and has not yet com- 
pleted his 42d year : Lady Honora is his Lordship's eldest child 
living. 

MEDUSA FRIGATE. 

THE Medusa Frigate, commanded by Sir John Gore, with 
the Marquis Comwallis and Suite on board, arrived at one of the 



2t3 NAVAL ANECDOTES, &C. 

Cape de Verd Islands, on its way to India, in seventeen days, 
being the. quickest passage, perhaps, ever known to be made by a 
Ship of that description. 

LIEUTENANT YEO AND HIS BRAVE COMPANIONS. 

A FEW minutes before Lieut. Yeo and his fifty gallant Com- 
panions left the Ship, Captain Maitland addressed them in one of 
those short and ardent speeches which are alone fit to be used in 
the midst of danger and exertion. He reminded them who they 
were, and against whom their exertions were to be directed; and 
told them particularly, that as it was the birth-day of their Sove- 
reign, they ought to prove the superiority of their loyal attach- 
ment by a gallantry transcending any thing that had been before 
accomplished, by themselves or others, in the British Navy. The 
gallant Tars gave three cheers, with an enthusiasm promising all 
the heroism and success by which they, in the next 45 minutes, 
distinguished themselves; and then with the utmost eagerness madu 
for the Shore. 

Amongst the other eccentricities of British Sailors and Royal 
Marines, the following is almost equal to that at Panama, in tha 
South Seas, under Commodore Anson, which happened in the Spa- 
nish War of 1742. When the Sailors and Marines of la Loire, of 
44 guns, got possession of the Fort of El Mauros, near Cape 
Finisterre, and had secured all the surviving Prisoners, having 
ent off the Stores, they took off the Spanish Soldiers' fierce 
Grenadier caps and accoutrements from the dead bodies of the 
killed, and rowed in this state to their Ship, all black and begrimed 
with the fatigue they had undergone. Captain M. and their 
Shipmates were quite astonished to see them, and could scarcely 
keep, from laughing at their grotesque figures. When they had 
taken a Battery of two guns, the fire of which annoyed la Loire 
and their Boats in landing, the fire of the regular Fort of 14 guns 
was opened with grape shot. Lieutenants Yeo and Lowe imme- 
diately proposed to attack it; at it they went, entered the gate, 
and found the Spanish Troops drawn up to receive them. Tha 
Governor, with an Officer, singled out the above Officers, and 
they fought hand to hand. Although quarter was offered them, 
the Governor refused, and fell, covered with wounds. The other 
Officer was also badly wounded; but the Sailors and Marines 
fought three times their number pell-mell, and finally obliged the 
whole of them to surrender. 



21 

PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

A demonstrable ^ accurate, and at all Times practical Method of 
<ulja>,ling HADLEY'S Sextant, so as to render the back Obser- 
vation equally correct Kith the fore Observation, and to measure 
an Angle of 150, 160, or 170 Degrees, as accurately as one of 
30, 40, or 50 Degrees. Communicated to the Astronomer 
Royal, by Letter, dated Sept. 28, 1803. By tiie Reverend 
MICHAEL WARD, o/Tainworth, Staffordshire*. 

TTTAVING several years used a Hadley's Octant by Dollond, of 
*"* the common construction, to compute the time from the Sun's 
double altitude, in order occasionally to examine the rate of going 
of a gridiron-pendulum clock ; I have often lost a number of 
observations from want of a certain dependence on angles above 
90 degrees ; the same inconvenience attended all attempts at 
revising a table of Refractions of stars above 45 degrees meridional 
altitude ; and also all lunar distances above 90 degrees required a 
more extensive instrument : the one I have, however, being a 
great favourite \vith me, it became more an object with me to 
invent some mode of bringing that accuracy to measure larger 
angles than 90 degrees, than to purchase a more extensive one. 
Flattering myself that the subjoined experiments and observations 
will give, if not exactness, at least a demonstrable deviation within 
15 seconds, I shall feel myself happy if what I communicate will 
prove of service to others in its present state, or may give rise to 
any new ideas of improvement in the instrument itself. 

It is a known principle in Optics, that the angle of reflection is 
equal to the angle of incidence ; hence the angle formed by B and 
C in Jig- 1, being greater than a right angle, B 
receiving a ray and transmitting it to C, the 
consequence from the above principle is AD 
becomes greater than AE ; AE being equal to 
the distance of the reflecting points in B and C. 

In Jig. 2, B and C forming a right angle, E and 




D coincide. c\ 



Fiff.2. 




In Jig. 3, B and C forming an angle less than a B , 
right angle, AD becomes less than AE. 



We are indebted to the LXXIVth Vol. of the Gentleman's Magazine for this 
Paper. 



22 PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

Let us now suppose the eye placed behind G in^g. 4, so as to 
observe or bring the point G upon A, and behind H in the line 
BH let the flame of a candle be placed, it is evident that the ray 
from the flame will return through HB, fall upon B, be reflected 
to A, and be again reflected by A through AG so as to be dis- 
tinctly seen by the eye behind G. 

K 




Unscrew the lever of the back observation-glass, and turning it 
round, adjust it like the fore observation-glass. In this attempt it 
will be found necessary to remove the sight- vane to anew situation, 
which may be done by gluing a small bit of wood on the side at 
Z (Jig. 4.) to hold it*. 

* It may be useful here to remark, that in upwards of 1000 altitudes of the 
Sun taken with iny instrument with the back observation-glass turned as here 
described, and the sight-vane in a bit of wood fastened to the side, and all the 
opening of the back observation-glass covered, by pasting paper over its surface, 
except a strip exactly as broad as the opening, and at right angles to it ; 1 have 
found upon taking any even number of double altitudes of the Sun with their cor- 
respondent times, that when the average was found it always accorded in time and 
altitude with the middle place : whereas when I have tried the fore observation- 
glass in the same manner, it was frequently subject to a deviation, and very 
seldom would bear apportioning when both occupied the middle of the column. 



1804, February 13 at X 14' 15" 


33 51' 15" 


X 15 2 


34 30 


X 15 40 


34 6 40 




place of average. 


X 16 14 


34 11 30 


X 17 2 


34 21 30 


X 17 39 


34 26 30 



61 35 52 204 57 55 

X 15 58 34 9 39 average. 

The inference hence is, that by increasing the distance of the two reflectors and 
the eye, and confining the observation to a square about one degree, or doubU 
the Sua' diameter ia breadth, the accuracy is considerably increased. 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 23 

Having adjusted the back observation-glass as for a/ore obser- 
vation, draw a pencil line from its center to the center of the hole 
in Z, and from the center of the index-glass let fall a perpendicular 
LM; this line in my instrument is 6-333333 inches. 

Now Gil being previously made equal to LM, and the index 
set to o on the limb, turn the back observation-glass to its proper 
situation, and adjust it as nearly as you can. 

The line GH is now to be changed for the following apparatus. 
In a scale of wood about five inches broad and a foot long, and an 
inch thick, let there be a slit made two or three inches long, and 
not exceeding one-thirtieth of an inch in breadth : at 6-3333 inches 
from this slit, let a scale of inches divided into tenths begin both 
ways ; let a telescope, magnifying any number of times from 3 or 
4 to 30, be so contrived as to move nearer or farther from the slit 
by means of a screw, and also perpendicular to the plane of the 
scale, let the telescope also carry an index corresponding to the 
center of the cross hairs within it, opposite to the slits let there be 
a socket to hold a small bit of candle : the whole will be easily 
comprehended by inspecting Jig. 5. 




Fix both instrument and apparatus on a plank, or in a box open, 
at both ends, so that GM may for a reason to be given below b 
176-88734 inches. 

If GK exceeds GH, the angle ACB is then more than a right 
angle, and the angle KBH is double the angle SCB, for SCA is 
drawn to represent a right angle. 

But if GK equals GH, the angle ACB is a right angle, and K 
and H coinciding, the angle KBH vanishes of course, SCB vanishes 
also, and coincides with the right angle SCA. 

But if GK is less than GH, so as that K fall on P, then the 
angle ACB will fall within, or be included in the right angle ACS, 
and the index line CB will take an angular situation similar to 
that of the line CW, and the angle PBH will be double the then 
angle SCW. 

The reason why KBH is double the angle SCB is, suppose a ray 
comes from G upon A, is thence reflected to B, the index-glass B 
being set at more than a right angle to AC, whatever excess in 



24 PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

incidence it receives, the same excess in reflection also it transmits 
to GK, of course therefore KBII is double SCB. 

Theapparatus being thus explained, and the principles established, 
Jet us now apply them practically to measure the angle K13H. 

Let us first find the length of BH or GM. 

From the property of the circle it is evident that if the radius be 
57*29578 inches, the line of one degree will be one inch, and the 
sine and tangent of angles less than 10 minutes have no discernible 
difference, therefore the sine may be used for the tangent : there- 
fore 343-77408 inches radius will give 6 inches for 1 degree. 

Now 6 inches being divisible into GO tenths, one-tenth of an 
inch will correspond to one minute ; but, as has been already 
observed, the angle KBH will measure double the angle SBC, 
therefore half the radius with the same 6 inches sine will measure 
ont the minutes of the angle SBC at one-tenth of an inch for each 
minute. 

Then 176-88734 inches must be the length of BH orGM. 

If this length be doubled, then each tenth will measure 30 
seconds. 

If tripled, the divisions will be 20 seconds each, <Src. &c. 

Having placed the instrument, and directed the telescope along 
the line GM to A, light the candle and look for its reflection 
through the slit, and you will find 3, 5, of 7 lines of light, but the 
middle one the brightest; bring that into the center of the tele, 
scope by screwing the telescope nearer to, or farther from the slit 
as occasion may require, then note at what division the index on 
the telescope stands; suppose it at 4 of the divisions to the right 
of the instrument, will measure all angles by back observation 
4 Q 15" too much, yet subject to the laws of the back observation 
in the common way : thus an angle of 42 52' 30" so taken must 
be diminished to 42 48' 15", and this taken from 180* leaves 
137 11' 45" the true angle; and so in other cases. 

If this mode be not approved of, another, perhaps as accurate, 
may be tried : set the index of the telescope to o on the scale of 
the apparatus, and the index of the instrument at o on the limb, 
then move the index, of the instrument along the limb till the 
middle bright light occupies the center of the telescope as before, 
and the angle of deviation, if to the /e//, must be subtracted ; if to 
the right, added; thus 4' 15", in the example just given, would 
be pointed out on the small arch to the right, and must also be 
applied as before. 

Many more, and perhaps useful, observations might be added, 
4 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPF.nS. 25 

and a mode of setting both glasses perpendicular to the plane of 
the instrument, by the use of the above apparatus; but I fear T 
have already exceeded the limits allowed to communications in a 
Monthly Publication; I shall therefore add no more, except to 
say, it will give me pleasure to find the present communication. 
considered as useful. M. W. 

OX THE LUMINOUS APPEARANCE OF THE SEA. 
(From ST. VINCENT'S 1'eyugf in the African Sc<i$.) 

the evening of the 23d of December, we noticed in the 
wake of the Ship, besides the usual phosphorescent appear- 
ance of the Sea, very brilliant coruscations, evidently proceeding 
from considerable numbers of mollusca. AVc caught several of 
them, which, on examination, seemed to constitute a new mollus- 
cous genus. 

The body of theie animals is cylindrical, of a firmish consistency, 
attenuated at one of the extremities, transparent, and somewhat 
yellowish. Its whole substance is full of small grains of a deeper 
yellow, while the exterior surface is covered with unequal tubercles 
of the same nature with the rest of the body. Its only indication 
of life was a slight degree of swelling, when molested ; its length 
seldom exceeds five inches, and its thickness an inch ; and it is 
enclosed in a covering or sheath. In outward appearance it 
resembles Muller's llolutiiria elcgans. As it emits very luminous 
icuitillations during the night, 1 have designed it Monophora 
noctiluca*. 

The phosphorescence of the Sea is such a singular phenomenon, 
that it cannot be surprising that those who have witnessed it 
should endeavour to investigate its cause. In all parts of the 
Ocean, as soon as day begins to decline, a new light breaks forth 
from the bosom of the waters, and diversifies the gloomy sadness 
of the surrounding scene. 

The fpamjng and agitated billows are covered with a multitude 
of luminous points of various sizes ; some of them extremely 
minute, but all possessing great brilliancy. A Ship driven before 
the Wind leaves in her track a. stream of light, which is very slowly 
effaced. Flat sandy Sea Shores washed by the waves, algae, or 
other marine productions left by the returning waters, become 
suddenly luminous in the dark on the slightest pressure ; so that 

* Moaophora noctilwa, oblonga, cttenuata, tubueulata. 

. ol.XIV. E 



26 PHILOSOPHICAL 

Hie foot or hand placed on the sand or on the moist fuci, leave 
thereon traces of light similar to that produced by the presence of 
the glow-worm. 

In certain parts of the Ocean, particularly under the Line, the 
whole surface of the waters is iiluminalcd in a very remarkable 
degree. A bucket of water taken up during the day in these 
latitudes, in which it is impossible to discern by the naked eye, 
or even by .the aid of an ordinary microscope, any animalcr.Ia or 
other extraneous b*ly, will nevertheless, on being agitated by 
the hand, in the dark, display the same luminous appearance, 
and even leave on the fingers traces of phosphoric light. On 
being kept, however, for a certain time, it ceases to exhibit these 
phenomena. 

Besides the small luminous particles now mentioned, the Sea con. 
tains an immense multitude of animals, which emit a very remark- 
able light. We^herc allude to a particular species of mollusca, by 
which this property is possessed in an eminent degree. These 
luciferous animals almost all belong to the class of transparent 
and gelatinous worms ; they have the power of producing a light, 
which they can spontaneously augment, diminish, or altogether 
extinguish. 

If it had not been demonstrated that the mollusca are herma- 
phrodites, we might have presumed that Nature had endowed the 
one sex at certain periods with the faculty of surrounding itself 
with light, jn order to attract the notice of the other. 

It seems at first sight that these mollusca, which scarcely deserve" 
the name of organized beings, thrown defenceless upon an element 
inhabited by voracious and monstrous animals; it seems, I repeat, 
on this view of the subject, that they have received from Nature a 
transparent form, in order that, by being confounded with the 
translucent fluid they inhabit, they may escape being altogether 
exterminated by their Enemies. On the contrary, however, why 
has Nature bestowed on them an opposite faculty ? Why, amidst 
the security afforded by the darkness of the night, do they dart 
as it were out of themselves, and disseminate to a distance traces 
of their existence? 

It is still more singular, that on the approach of danger 
these mollusca should surround themselves with .light, as if more 
certainly to lead to their own destruction : for it is onh when 
injured by the beating of the surges, the dashing of the waves 
against a hard body, or by the friction produced in the track of a 
Vessel, that we sec these gelatinous worms., which arc so profusely 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPKHS. 27 

Scattered over tlic surface of the Sea, begin suddenly to sparkle, 
and diffuse around them this luminous appearance. 

The analogy which prevails between these r.iollusca and the 
microscope worms usually .termed unimalcula infusoria^ is so 
striking, that we are compelled to conclude that, like the glutinous, 
mollasca, the myriads of imperceptible beings abounding in Sea 
water possess the power of rendering themselves luminous at 
picture, that they ai-o exert this faculty when injured, and that it 
is to this property of microscopic animals the phosphorescent 
appearance of the Ocean must be ascribed. The luminous appear- 
ance of Sand-banks, and of marine plants, which may naturally 
be supposed to afford a retreat to a vast number of these salt- 
water unimal.Cidd i:\\u.;oria, a fiords a new proof in support of the 
truth of this opinion. But why do not the fresh-water animalcuhi 
infusoria likewise possess this phosphoric quality? Why, in large 
marshes, wherein such multitudes of animals invisible to the naked 
eye are discoverable by the help of a microscope, do we not behold 
something similar to the phosphorescent appearance of the Sea? 

The mollusca are in general regarded as poisonous; but ought 
they in reality to be considered so ? Has Nature endowed them 
with an instinctive knowledge of their deleterious quality, in order 
that they might remain in safety amidst the numerous enemies by 
which they arc surrounded? Can they communicate this 'know- 
ledge to the fish that might otherwise be tempted to make them 
their prey ? 

No accurate microscopic observations, it must be confessed, 
can be added in support of the opinion 1 have ventured to propose : 
I am also fully aware that several Naturalists deny that the scin- 
tillations of the Sea are produced by the presence of these aniinal- 
cula; scintillations very different however from the light produced 
by molluscous worms. These Naturalists believe that the Sea, like 
the Earth and Air, peopled by an innumerable host of animals, 
generated only to die, must contain myriads of them in a state of 
putrefaction; and that as the putrefaction process has been goiiig 
on for millions of ages, it affords a satisfactory explanation of- the 
phenomena in question. 

In fact, there is between the Ocean and the Earth this difference, 
that the former is always in a state of agitation, whilst the latter 
remains relatively at rest. In proportion as the organic beings 
which inhabit the Earth cease to live, and are decomposed on its 
surface moisture, the particular attraction of diflerent substances 
for one another, their specific gravity .'as well as various/unknown 



23 FHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

causes, prepare the elements of decomposed bodies to enter, into 1 
new combinations, by which means there is an incessant reproduc- 
tion of animal and vegetable life. 

In the Sea, on the contrary, the effects of the tides, and the 
influence of opposing currents, prevent those combinations taking 
place which are necessary to the formation of new bodies ; the 
remains of animal and vegetable substances, broken by the force of 
contending waves, are indiscriminately mingled in the agitated 
waters; hence, perhaps, proceeds the unctuous quality, bitter 
taste, and remarkable viscosity of Sea water ; its brackish taste 
may originate from the same cause; and to the phosphorus pro- 
duced by the decomposition of so many animal bodies, has been 
attributed the luminous appearance of the Ocean. Besides, as the 
pure water of the Sea is diminished by the eliect of evaporation and 
other causes, which scarcely at all act on the substances it con- 
tains, it should seem, according to this last hypothesis, that th* 
waters of the Sea must decrease in proportion to the age of th 
World; and that its saltness, viscosity, and other qualities, as well 
as the phosphorescent appearance of the waves, should daily con- 
tinue to augment. 

Such are the ideas which the appearance of this phenomenon pro- 
duced in my mind : I forbear, however, to give any decisive 
opinion respecting its cause. I have related facts, and ventured to 
state some doubts, leaving it with the learned to deduce their ow 
conclusions. 



CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 

[Continued from Vol. XIII, page 452.] 

Jo* XII. 

Again the dismal prospect opens round, 

The wreck, the shore, the dying, and the drown'd. 

1 ' i'AI.CONJER. 

MR. EDITOR, 

A GREE ABLY to my promise, I have now the pleasure of 
transmitting to you the Second Part of the " Narrative of 
* Shipwreck on the Island of Cape Breton*" 

I am, Sir, 

Your humble Servant, 

L. 

* Vide NAVAL CHRONICLE, Vol. XI, pag 4-ir. 



CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 20 

ABOUT a fortnight after we had fixed ourselves in the hut, the 
Mate and I took an opportunity of walking ten or twelve miles 
up a River, upon the ice, -where we observed many tracks of 
moose-deer, and other animals, some of which we might have 
killed, had we been provided with ammunition. In our progress 
we discovered several trees cut on one side, apparently by an axe, 
which induced us to think that there might be Indians near at 
hand. On going farther, we perceived, by a whig-wain, which 
remained, that there had been some there lately. We likewise 
found the skin of a moose-deer hanging across a pole. It gave IM 
much satisfaction to find that we were in a place where inhabitant* 
had recently been, as it was probable they might again return 
there. In case this should happen, I cut a long pole and stuck i r 
in the ice upon the River : then with my knife, which was ths 
only one amongst us, I cut a piece of bark from a birch tree, and 
forming it into the shape of a hand, pointing towards our hut, 
fixed it on the top of the pole, and took away the moose-skin, in 
order that they might perceive that some persons had been on th 
spot since they left it, and the route which, they had taken on 
their return. We then pursued the way back to our habitation. 

Twenty days having elapsed since our Shipwreck, and our pro- 
visions being very much reduced, I began to entertain a suspicion, 
that there was some foul play during my absence at different times 
from the hut in search of Inhabitants. I therefore determined, if 
possible, to find out the truth ; and, by keeping a constant watch 
at night, I at length discovered, that the depredators were the 
Captain and two Sailors, who had consumed no less than seventy 
pounds in so short a space of time. To prevent such practices in 
future, the Alate and I never went out together, one of us con. 
stantly remaining in the hut. 

We continued in a state of suspence from our last discovery for 
some days, when, giving up all hopes of seeing any Indians in 
this place, having provisions for only six weeks longer, and a few 
of our Men being recovered, I proposed leaving our habitation^ 
with as many as could work in the Boat, in search of Inhabitants. 
When we came, however, to put this proposal in execution, a new 
difficulty started itself ; viz. that of repairing the Boat, which had 
been beaten in such a manner by the Sea upon the Beach, that 
every Seam was open. We first attempted to stop them with dry 
oakum, but soon found that it would not answer the intended 
purpose; and having saved no pitch from on board the Wreck, we 
began, to despair of tLe possibility of repairing them, I at length 



30 CORRECT RELATION OT 'SHIPWRECKS. 

thought, of making a kind of succedaneum for pitch of the Canadian 
balsam, which bad been shipped for apples. We accordingly went 
to work in making the experiment, and boiled a quantity of the 
balsam in the iron kettle which we had saved, and by frequently 
taking it oft' the fire to cool, we soon brought it to a proper con- 
sistence. A sufficient quantity of it being prepared, we turned up 
the Boat, and having cleaned her bottom, gave her a coat of the 
balsam, which effectually stopped up all crevices for the present. 
This done, we got a small sail rigged to a mast, which shipped and 
unshipped occasionally; and then pitched upon the persons who 
were to go with me in the Boat. 

By the 1st of January we got our Boat in tolerable condition, 
and likewise our mast and sail rigged. Our agreement was to take 
six in the Boat, viz. the Captain and Mate, two Sailors, myself, 
and Servant; none of the rest being sufficiently recovered to 
accompany us. Our shoes being all nearly worn out, my employ- 
ment, during the whole of the next day, was to make a kind of 
mozekisinS) or Indian shoes, of canvas. My needle was nothing 
more than the handle of a pewter spoon, and the same canvas 
supplied me with thread. As soon as I had made two pair for 
each Man in our Party, we divided the provisions that remained 
Into fourteen equal part*, which amounted only to a quarter of a 
pound of beef per day for six weeks; those who were to stay 
behind sharing as rcuich as we who were to go in the Boat. 

In the afternoon of the 4th, the Wind moderating, we got our 
provisions, and whatever little matters might be of service to us, 
into the Boat, and set off on our expedition. Having got about 
Qight miles from the place of our Shipwreck, the Wind began to 
increase and blow very hard at S. E., which was immediately off 
the Shore. Neither our Boat nor oars were of the best, and we 
were on the point of being blown out to Sea; but, by dint of 
rowing, we made shift to get into a deep Bay about a mile a-head, 
where we thought we might pass the night with safety. Having 
got every thing on Shore, we hauled our Boat up as high as our 
strength would permit, and set to work in lighting our fire, and 
cutting our wood, for the night: we likewise cut some pine 
branches, the smaller of which served us to lie on ; and the larger, 
in the form of a whig-wain, to shelter us from the inclemency of 
the weather. 

The place which we had landed on was a fine sandy Beach, with 
little or no snow on it. Having observed. some small pieces of 
wood cast on Shore by .the Tide, thai, had formerly been cut with 



CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS, 31 

an axe, and a number of long poles scattered along the edge of 
the Bank, which had likewise been cut in the same manner, I 
thought it likely there might be some Inhabitants near at hand ; 
and proposed, as soon as we had taken a little refreshment, to go 
along the Beach to a high point of land at about two miles distance, 
which was clear of wood, and appeared to be cultivated ; thinking 
from thence we might make some useful discoveries. I accordingly 
set out soon alter with two of the Men : and, before we had pro- 
ceeded a mile, saw the remains of a Shallop, or Newfoundland 
Fishing-boat, almost covered with sand, which seemed to have been 
set on fire. This gave us hopes of discovering something else to 
our satisfaction, and we proceeded as fast as we could to the point 
of land. Having gained the top of it, we descried, to our inex- 
pressible joy, a few houses about half a mile distant, towards 
which we directed our course, having no doubt but that we should 
now meet with some relief; but on coining up to them, found that 
they were only the remains of some old Store-houses, -which had 
been built there for the curing of cod-fish, and to all appearance 
had been abandoned some years before. 

We determined, however, to make the most of our discovery; 
and observing a number of old casks lying about in different parts, 
we searched them minutely, in hopes of finding some provisions, 
but to no purpose. As we walked along the point, we gathered 
about a quart of cranberries ; and, having reconnoitred every 
part, we returned to our Boat, communicated the discoveries 
which we had made to our Companions, and gave them their share 
of the berries that we had gathered. 

The Wind now came round to the N. W. and blew with such 
violence as to prevent us from proceeding on our Voyage. It 
continued so for two days, when, happening to get up in the 
middle of the night, I was astonished on observing, Avhile the 
Wind continued blowing as hard as ever, that the Sea was entirely 
without agitation. I immediately awoke the Mate, to inform him 
of this extraordinary phenomenon ; and going down to the Beach 
together to know the cause, we found the Sea all covered with ice, 
jnothing but a large sheet of it being to be seen for leagues around. 
This was an alarming circumstance, as it seemed to preclude all 
possibility of proceeding any farther, and- might give us cause 
even to regret having left our habitations. 

The Wind continued to blow from the same quarter for two 
days longer ; and at length, on the 9th, it became perfectly calm. . 
,Xext mornijjg the Wind came round to the S. E. j and, it having 



3* eottRECT RELATION OF 

blown extremely hard, by four o'clock in the afternoon thepc was 
not a piece of ice to be seen along the Coast, the whole of it having 
been blown out to Sea. The violence of the Wind, however, pre- 
vented us from moving till the llth of January, when a fine light 
breeze blowing along the Coast, we launched our Boat, got 
round the clear point of the land, hoisted our sail, and put before 

the Wind. 

We made tolerable way, and had not proceeded far before we 
descried an extremely high point, about seven leagues a-head, with 
a continued precipice along the Coast, so that it was impossible 
for us to land on any part of it, before we came to that headland. 
This made it very dangerous to attempt the passage; for if the 
Wind should happen to conic round to the north-west, we must 
inevitably have perished amongst the Rocks. But danger was no 
longer an object to be considered by us ; so we got out two oars, 
not being able to use any more, as the Boat had been so much 
damaged, that two Men were constantly employed in keeping her 
clear of water ; and with the assistance of a fair Wind made the 
point about eleven o'clock at night; but finding no place that we 
could possibly land on, we were obliged to keep along the Coast 
till two in the morning, when the Wind increasing, and a Stony 
Beach appearing, on which we should not have thought it ex- 
pedient to land had the Wind been moderate, we were obliged to 
put ashore, and immediately got our provisions out of the Boat. 
The Beach was of some height from the surface of the water, the 
Sea having beat the gravel up into a kind of bank, which ren- 
dered it impossible for us to haul our Boat up. We were there- 
fore obliged to leave her to the mercy of the Sea. 

The place where- we landed was a Beach of about four hundred 
yards in length, bounded at the distance of about fifty yards from 
the water's edge by a precipice of at least a hundred feet in height, 
which enclosed it on all sides. 

On the 13th the Wind came round to the N.W., and the Sea 
beat with such violence [against the Shore, as to drive our Boat 
twenty yards higher than she was, and to beat several holes in her 
bottom. 

The same weather continued for eight days, with a prodigioiu 
fall of snow, a circumstance that added to our other inconveniencies. 
At length, on the 21st, the weather became more moderate, and 
the snow ceased, having in the course of this last week fallen to the 
depth of three feet perpendicular. 

Next day we contrived with much labour to turn our Boat half. 



CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS, 38 

way over, in order to examine the damage she had received, which 
we found considerable; the coat of balsam being entirely rubbed 
off. We expected that the ice would go to Sea whenever the 
Wind should come round to the southward ; and therefore thought, 
if we could but get our Boat repaired, that we might still have 
some chance of meeting with Inhabitants. But the great difficulty 
was, how to repair it; and, after trying various methods, we gave 
it up as a thing entirely impracticable. 

Though it Was impossible for us to climb the precipice by winch 
we were encompassed, yet we imagined that we might easily get 
into the woods, by walking along Shore upon the ice. In order 
to make the experiment, the Mate and I proposed to walk a few 
miles; and, having set out, we had not proceeded far before we 
came to the entrance of a River, and a fine sandy Beach. After 
consulting together, we at last came to a resolution of taking the 
next day what provisions we had upon our backs, and coasting 
along the ice, till we could discover some Inhabitants, expecting, 
from its present appearance of strength, that it would remain for 
some time longer : and the Wind having drifted the greatest part 
of the snow off it, AVC computed that we should be able to walk 
about ten miles a day, even in our present weak and reduced 
condition. 

Thus being fully resolved, we were to set out the morning of 
the 24th; but on the night preceding it the Wind came round to 
the south-east, and blew hard, attended with snow and rain; so 
that in the morning, as I already apprehended would be the case, 
the whole sheet of ice was demolished, or driven out to Sea. 
Thus circumstanced, we were again obliged to turn our thoughts 
towards some scheme for repairing our Boat. We had plenty of 
oakum to stop up the holes and seams, but nothing to substitute 
for pitch, to prevent the water from penetrating. I at length 
thought of throwing water over the oakum, and letting it freeze 
into a cake of ice. The Men made light of my undertaking ; but 
I soon convinced them of its utility ; for, by continually throwing 
water over the oakum, we froze up every seam and hole in such 
a manner, that not a drop of water could enter as long as the 
weather continued freezing as at present. 

On the 27th of January, the weather being moderate, and a 
light breeze directly off the Shore, we got our Boat very carefully 
launched, and set off early in the morning from this ill-omened 
Bay. We had the pleasure to observe that the Boat made little or 

, ttol.XIV. F 



34 CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 

no water, so that we were enabled to keep our four oars continually 
at work. 

The weather continued very moderate all the day of the 27th, so 
that by six o'clock in the evening we computed that we had 
rowed about twelve miles from where we departed in the morning. 

We put ashore about six o'clock upon a small sandy Beach, and 
by placing the oars under our Boat, dragged her carefully some 
yards from the water ; so that she lay very safe while the Wind 
continued as it then was. We next cut some branches, made a fire, 
and sheltered ourselves as well as possible in the wood. 

A shower of rain the next day unfortunately melted all the ice 
off our Boat: we were therefore prevented from going any farther 
till a return of the frost ; and, what made the matter worse, our pro- 
visions were now reduced to two pounds and a half of beef for each 
Man. On the morning of the 29th, the Mate having wandered a 
little distance from our fire, returned in haste to inform me, that he 
had discovered a partridge perched on the bough of a tree. I 
immediately went to the place where he had seen it, and observing 
that the bird was very tame, and not above fourteen feet from the 
ground, I cut down a long pole, and taking part of the rope-yarn 
that fastened my canvas shoes, made a running loop of it, and 
fixed it to the end of the pole; then walking softly under the tree, 
and lifting the pole gently up, I fixed the loop about the partridge's 
neck, and giving it a sudden jerk, closed the loop, and secured the 
bird. We then went towards the fire with our prize, and boiled 
it in some melted snow, together with a little salt water, to give 
the broth a relish: having divided it into six equal parts, and 
cast lots for the choice of each, we sat down to what we found a 
delicious meal. 

On the afternoon of the 29th it began to freeze hard, when we 
took the advantage of the frost to stop the Boat's leaks as before ; 
and the Wind continuing moderate, we launched her and put to 
Sea. The day being almost spent before we set off, we could not 
make above seven miles to a sandy Beach and thick Wood, which 
seemed to afford a tolerable shelter. In this place we passed the 
night; and the next day we launched our Boat betimes in the 
morning, in order to get before night as far as possible on our 
journey; but we had not proceeded above six miles, before the 
Wind freshening up from the south-east, obliged us to put ashore, 
and haul up our Boat. 

A heavy fall of rain, which continued the whole day, rendered 
our situation extremely uncomfortable, and melted again the icy 



CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 35 

caulking of the Boat. We were therefore to console ourselves, as 
well as we could, in the certainty of remaining here till a return 
of the frost, and mean while proposed to reconnoitre, as far as our 
reduced state would allow us, into the Country. In this however 
we were prevented by the quantity of snow which still lay on the 
ground, and was not yet sufficiently frozen to bear our weight 
without rackets or snow shoes. 

Soon after, the- Wind coming round to the N.W. and bringing 
the frost along with it, we were once more enabled to repair our 
Boat, and to prepare for launching it, as soon as the Wind should 
abate its violence. This happening in some degree on the 1st of 
February, we immediately embarked, and pursued our Coasting 
Voyage; but the severity of the cold having formed a quantity of 
ice, it was with extreme labour that we contrived to get five miles 
before night, one of our Party being employed in breaking the 
ice with a pole, and clearing it from the bows of the Boat. 

The following day, the Wind blowing fresh from the north-west 
quarter prevented us again from proceeding any farther till the 3d, 
when, coming round to the west, which is directly along the Shore, 
we were enabled to embark, and pursue our Voyage. Our Boat, 
notwithstanding all our diligence in caulking, made now so much 
water, that we were obliged to keep one Man constantly at work 
in bailing it out with a camp-kettle. The Wind, however, was as 
lair as we could wish ; and being neither too slack nor too violent, 
we for some time went at the rate of four miles an hour, with the 
assistance of our oars: but soon after, the Wind increasing, we 
laid in our oars, and ran under our sail alone, at the rate of about 
five miles an hour. 

After having run above sixteen miles, we discovered an exceed- 
ingly high Land, about six leagues distant, with several other 
Mountains and large Bays between us; and it being yet early in. 
the day, a fine Wind, and no great Sea, we were in hopes, if the 
Wind should not increase too much, that we should be able to 
reach it before night. About two o'clock in the afternoon, when 
we supposed we were within three leagues of it, we discovered an 
Island about twenty miles from the Main; and, on comparing 
circumstances, we concluded that the island must be that of St. 
Paul, and the high Land the north Point of Cape Bretou. 

It was almost dark by the time we reached the North Cape ; 
where finding no place to land, we were obliged to double the 
Cape, and continue our journey. 

Finding no place to land during the night, we continued rowing 



36 counter RELATION OF smrwnrcKs. 

as close as we could to the Rocks, till about five in the morning j 
when hearing the Sea run on the Shore very long and heavy, we 
imagined that we must be off a sandy Beach. We accordingly 
rowrd towards the Land, and at the distance of fifty yards, for it 
was yet dark, were able to discern a Beach at least four miles in 
length. It was not a convenient place for landing, yet we effected 
it with more ease than we expected, and suffered no other incon- 
venience, than that of having our Boat nearly filled with water on 
the Beach. Having landed, our first care was to haul up the 
Boat. We then got into the woods, which lay close to the Shore, 
where we kindled a fire; but having got wet in landing, and being 
in a very weak and reduced condition, it was with the greatest 
difficulty that we could keep ourselves awake: we were therefore 
under the necessity of watching in turn, lest, all being asleep 
together, the fire should go out, and we should be frozen to death. 
Having now time to consider every circumstance, we had no doubt 
remaining, but that we were upon the North Cape of the Island 
of Breton, which, together with Cape Roy on the Island of New- 
foundland, marks the Entrance of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. 

Our provisions were now entirely consumed ; and having not the 
most distant prospect of getting any more, we were ready to 
abandon ourselves to despair. Having weighed the necessity of 
the case, and the misery of perishing by hunger, I was of opinion, 
as well as the Mate, that it would be most advisable to sacrifice 
one for the preservation of the rest ; and that the most proper 
method would be by casting lots, for the purpose of determining 
which should be the unfortunate Victim. But this resolution we 
agreed to put off to the last extremity. We commenced a search 
along the Beach, and at length succeeded in obtaining about two 
quarts of hips, or wild rose-buds, by throwing up the snow, and 
searching in different parts of the Bank. . Having with this sorry 
food allayed in some degree the keen sense of hunger, and th 
Wind having become somewhat more moderate, we got into onr 
Boat and pushed off, the day being already drawing towards a 
conclusion. Our progress was however soon impeded by the 
quantity of ice that floated upon the water, which obliged us to put 
ashore on another part of the same Beach. In landing I had the 
misfortune to let the tinder-box fall from my bosom into the 
water, by which we were unable to kindle a fire; and, being 
exceedingly wet, we thought it best to reimbark, and return to 
the spot whence we came. It was with the greatest difficulty that 
w got back; but, on our arrival at the place, we had the satis- 



CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRCCKS. 37 

faction to fiud, that the fire was not totally extinguished. Had it 
been so, we must have perished in the course of the night. The 
fire being repaired, I cut up the remainder of my shirt, and made 
some more tinder. 

On the 8th of February the Wind came round to the south- 
west, which cleared off the ice, and enabled us to leave this place 
by ten o'clock in the morning. As we proceeded along the 
Shore, we found it was not quite so rocky as it had been on the 
other side of the North Cape. V\"e were therefore able to land 
this night without difficulty within a large Rock, by which we 
were sheltered from the Wind and Sea. The next day, the wea- 
ther continuing modem 1 *, we had again proceeded about eight 
miles on our journey, when the Wind beginning to blow so hard 
as to raise a considerable swell, we were obliged to steer to the 
Shore; and in landing, had the misfortune to lose two of our oars, 
which were washed overboard by the Surf. 

On the following day the Wind lulled, and we immediately took 
the advantage of it to put to Sea. We had now but two oars remain, 
ing ; which being double manned, we contrived to get about six miles 
before night. This was a very hard day's work, considering our 
present weak condition; for having been a length of time without 
tasting any kind of nourishment, we were so much reduced in 
strength, that when we got on Shore we could scarcely walk for 
fifty yards together. 

The weather .being unfavourable on the llth, we were under 
the necessity of remaining the whole day in the same resting 
place; and having leisure to search about the Shore, we weiv 
fortunate enough to find a few rose-buds, which we at present 
esteemed a great delicacy. 

On the 12th the Wind became moderate, and we proceeded ones 
more on our journey. The Coast sfcemed to diminish in height is 
we passed along it, which made us hope_we were now approaching 
the cultivated part of the Island. Next day the weather got 
milder, with a fall of rain; so that it was with difficulty we could 
get our Boat to swim, the ice thawing gradually off the bottom. 
This obliged us to put ashore long before night; and when we had 
landed, and made a fire, we found no other immediate \\ant but 
that of provisions, having consumed all the hips or rose-buds tli^t 
we had gathered at our last landing place. Being now dmen to 
the last extremity, we were obliged to sacrifice our prospect of 
travelling any farther to the immediate preservation of our live-, 
About a dozen tallow candles remained, which we had hitherto 



38 CORTirct RELATION Of SHIPWRECKS. 

employed in stopping the leaks of our Boat, as fast as she sprung 
one in any particular place. Of these we divided a small part 
among us, which gave us some relief for the present. The two 
following days we coasted for a few miles, searching for a place 
where we could meet with some hips ; but our search proved 
ineffectual. 

On the 17th we made another division of a part of the tallow can- 
dies that yet remained ; and on the following day, the Wind being 
favourable, we proceeded about five miles ; \vherc, finding a fine 
flat Country, we put on Shore, with a determination to perish on 
this place, unless some unforeseen accident should bring us relief. 
To attempt drawing up our Boat would, in our present weak 
condition, have been a vain undertaking, so that we were obliged 
to leave her exposed to the mercy of the Sea. All that we could 
preserve was our axe, a saw, and the sail of the Boat, which we 
generally made use of as a covering. 

As soon as we landed, we cleared away the snow from a par- 
ticular spot in the entrance of the wood, where we intended to 
remain; and having cut some small branches of pine to lie upon, 
together with some larger to serve for a shelter, which we stuck 
into the bank of snow that surrounded us, we made our fire. 
This done, we all went in search of hips, and had the good fortune 
to find about a pint of them, which, boiled up with a couple of 
tallow candles, afforded us a tolerable meal. 

The next day we passed without any kind of provision, and 
being apprehensive that our little remaining strength would soon 
desert us, we employed ourselves in cutting and piling as much 
wood as we were able, to supply the fire. Meanwhile the waves 
had beat our Boat so high upon the Beach, as to be quite dry as 
soon as the Wind subsided, and to deprive us of the power of 
putting to Sea again, had we been disposed to do it: for our 
strength was by no means equal to the task of moving her a 
single foot. 

We again employed the whole day of the 1 9th in search of 
hips ; but it was not attended with any success. As we had not a 
proper quantity of fuel (being too weak to make any farther use 
of our axe), the fire that we kept up was but just sufficient to pre- 
serve us from freezing. 

Having now no more than two tallow candles remaining, we 
thought it likely that we might derive some degree of nourishment 
from the kelp-weed, of which there was a quantity lying upon the 
Shore, We accordingly collected a little of it, and, with melted 



CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 3<f 

snow, boiled it for a few hours in a kettle; but, at the conclusion, 
found it very little tenderer than at first. We then melted one of 
our tallow candles in the liquor, and having supped it up, and 
eaten a quantity of the weed, our appetite became somewhat 
satiated: bat in about two hours time we were all affected with a 
very uneasy sensation, and were soon after seized with a fit of 
vomiting, without being able to bring the offending matter entirely 
off the stomach. This fit of vomiting having continued for about 
four hours, we found ourselves tolerably easy, but at the same 
time exceedingly exhausted. 

On the 22d we made use of some more kelp-weed and our last 
tallow candle. It still operated in the same manner, but not to so 
violent a degree as it had done before. 

Our candles being all consumed; and having, for three days, 
tasted of no other food but the kelp-weed, we began to swell to an 
alarming degree. In a few days the swelling had increased to 
such a degree all over our bodies, that, notwithstanding the little 
flesh we had upon o;ir bones, we could sink our fingers two inches 
deep on the skin, the impression of which remained visible for 
above an hour after. Hunger nevertheless still obliged us to make 
use of the kelp-weed. 

On consulting with the Mate, I found, that though our Com- 
panions objected to the proposal of casting lots to determine which 
should be the Victim, yet all concurred in the necessity of some one 
being sacrificed for the preservation of the rest. The only question 
was, How it should be determined ? when, by a kind of reasoning 
more agreeable to the dictates of self-love than of justice, it was 
agreed on, that as the Captain was now so exceedingly reduced, 
as to be evidently the first who would sink under our present 
complicated misery; as he had been the person to whom we con- 
sidered ourselves in some measure indebted for all our misfortunes ; 
and farther, as he had, ever since our Shipwreck, been the most 
remiss in his exertions towards the general good, he was undoubt- 
edly the person who should be first sacrificed. 

I must confess that I thought at that time there was some 
colour of truth in this conclusion ; yet I was not a little shocked 
at the Captain's intended fate, although I had more reason than 
any one else to be incensed against him, not only on account of his 
neglect of duty, and his mal-practices at the hut in purloining our 
provisions, but for another reason likew ise. After our Shipwreck, 
I had discovered by some papers, which had been washed on Shore, 
|&at though the Captawi's pretended destination was to New 



-40 CORRECT RELATION 61' SlIll'U KECKS. 

York, yet his real one Avas to the West Indies, if he could possibly 
effect it. Thus would ho have baffled General Haldimand's inten- 
tions, in sending me with dispatches that might be of the first 
consequence to this Country; and not only have disappointed, 
but also have defrauded me of the money which I paid him for my 
passage. 

The determination now made was kept secret from the Captain; 
and it would have been impossible for us to live many days longer 
without putting it in execution, had we not happily met with 
relief from a quarter whence v,-e little expected it. On the 28th 
of February, as we were all lying about our fire, we thought that 
we heard the sound of human voices in the woods ; and soon we 
discovered two Indians, with guns in their hands, who did not 
seem yet to have perceived us. This sight gave us fresh strength 
and spirits; so, getting up, AVB advanced towards them with the 
greatest eagerness imaginable. 

As soon as we were perceived by the Indians, they started back, 
and seemed fixed to the ground with surprise and horror. This 
indeed is not to be wondered at : our appearance was enough to 
alarm the most intrepid : our clothes being almost entirely burnt 
off, so that we were bare in several parts of our bodies, our limbs 
swollen to a prodigious bulk, our eyes from the same cause almost 
invisible, and our hair in a confused and dishevelled state about 
our heads and shoulders. As we advanced toward the Indians, 
some of us wept, while others laughed, through joy. Being a 
little recovered from their surprise, they did not show much 
inclination to accost us, till I got up to one of them, and took him 
by the hand; when he shook it for some time very heartily ; the 
usual mode of salutation among the Indians. 

They began at length to show marks of compassion at our 
distressed appearance ; walked with us to our fire ; and, sitting 
down by it together, one of them, who could speak a little broken 
French, desired we would inform him whence we came, and the 
particulars of the accident that brought us there. I accordingly 
gave him as concise an account as possible of the disasters and 
fatigues we had undergone. 

Having finished my narration, I asked the Indian if he could 
furnish us with any kind of provisions ? to which he answered in 
the affirmative. Observing that we had very little fire, he sud- 
denly started up, and took our axe in his hand; when, laughing 
heartily, he threw it down again, and taking his tomahawk from 
kis side, he went, and in a short time cut a quantity of wood. 



CORRECT RELATION' OF SHIPWRECKS. 41 

i 

\vhicli he brought and threw upon our fire. This done, he took 
up his gun, and, without saying a word, went off with his 
Companion. 

Alter about three hours had elapsed, we perceived them coming 
round a point at a small distance in a bark Canoe. Being arrived 
and landed upon the Beach, they took out of their Canoe some 
smoaked venison, and a bladder of s'eal oil, which they brought up 
to our fire-place: having put some of the meat into our kettle, 
they boiled it in melted snow, and then gave each of us a rery 
small quantity of it, together with some oil. 

This light repast being ended, the Indians desired three of us to 
embark in their Canoe, that being all she could carry at a time, 
and proceed from this place to their hut, which lay five miles 
farther by water, and about a mile from the Shore, in the middle 
of the woods. We were received at the Sea side by three other 
Indians, and about twelve or fourteen Women and Children, who 
had been there waiting our arrival. Having landed from the 
Canoe, we were conducted by these last to their habitation in the 
wood, which consisted of three huts or whig-wams, there being 
that number of families amongst them: meanwhile the same two 
Indians as had brought us, went back in their Canoe for the 
three remaining Men of our Party. On arriving at the hut, we 
Avere treated with the greatest humanity by these people ; they 
gave us some broth to sup, but would not suffer us to eat meat, or 
any kind of substantial food whatever. Having provided for our 
own immediate wants, our thoughts recurred to those unfortunate 
Men whom we had left by the Wreck. In case they should be 
still alive, I was determined no means should be omitted for their 
preservation. 

From the description I gave the Indians of the situation of the 
River, and of a small Island that lay nearly opposite, they said 
that they knew the place perfectly well ; that it was above a hun- 
dred miles distant; and that, if they undertook the journey, they 
must expect some compensation for their trouble. I informed 
them, that I had money, and would pay them for their trouble. 
Then taking the purse from my servant, I showed them the hun- 
dred and eighty guineas that it contained, and presented them with 
a guinea each, for which they expressed their satisfaction by 
laughing. I was determined at all events to -save the people, if 
any of them remained alive, though the Indians should be ever so 
exorbitant in their demands; and made an agreement with them 
at last, that they should set off the next day ; which was th 

, (Bor.XIV. & 



42 CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 

second of March, and that they should receive twenty-five guineas 
at their departure, and the same sum on their return. This being 
adjusted, they immediately went to work in making a proper 
number of snow shoes, for themselves and for the Men; and three 
of them went oft the next morning. 

After these people knew that I had money, my situation amongst 
them was not near so comfortable as before: for they became as 
mercenary as they had hitherto been charitable, and exacted above 
"ten times the value for every little necessary they furnished for 
myself and the rest of my Companions. 

After being -absent near a fortnight, the Indians arrived with 
three Men, who were the only survivors of the eight who had 
been left behind at the hut. They were in a very reduced and 
miserable condition, and informed me, on inquiring the particulars 
of their transactions from the time we left them, that after having 
consumed all the beef, they lived for some days on the skin of the 
moose-deer, which we had left entire, not thinking it worth while 
to make a partition of it. This being consumed, three of them 
died in a few days of hunger, and the others were under the 
necessity of subsisting on the flesh of the dead Men, till they were 
relieved by the Indians. One of the remaining five was so impru- 
dently ravenous, when the Indians came to their assistance, as to 
eat such a quantity of meat, that he expired in a few hours, in the 
greatest agonies imaginable; and another soon after shot himself 
accidentally with one of the Indian's guns. Thus was our num- 
ber, which originally consisted of nineteen persons, reduced to 
nine. 

We all remained another fortnight among the Indians, by which 
time my health was somewhat re-established, and I then made an 
agreement with them to conduct me to Halifax; for which I was 
to pay them forty-five pounds, and to furnish them with provisions, 
and all necessaries, at every inhabited place on the way. 

We accordingly set off on the 2d of April, each carrying four 
pair of Indian shoes, a pair of snow shoes, and provisions for 
fifteen days. Towards the end of the month, after encountering 
numerous difficulties, we at length reached Halifax, where the 
Indians remained with us for a few days, and then having received 
the balance due to them, they took their departure for the Island. 
I was obliged to continue here for two months longer, till an 
opportunity served of a passage, in the Royal Oak, to New York ; 
where I delivered my dispatches (in a very ragged condition) to 
Sir Henry Clinton. 



CORUKCT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 43 

The rest of my fellow-sufferers in the Shipwreck soon after 
arrived at Halifax in a Shallop from Spanish River. The Captain, 
conscious of the reception he would meet with, did not think pro- 
per to go to his Owner at New York, to give an account of the 
loss of his Vessel; but took his passage in a Ship from Halifax to 
London, and now serves as a Pilot on the Thames. The Mate 
was, on account of his good conduct during the whole of our 
transactions, appointed by a Gentleman in Halifax to the Command 
of a Ship bound to the West Indies. 



W 



jiatal Kfform, 

FIFTH REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS 
OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 

[Continued from Vol. XIII, page 462.] 

v /~E conceive the receipt of fees will generally lead to abuse ; 
and as we find that the production of the necessary docu- 
ments has been dispensed with, which ought to have been furnished 
by persons paying the Sixpenny Duty, whereby the interest of 
Greenwich Hospital may have been prejudiced, we recommend 
their being immediately abolished, and that no fee whatever be 
taken by any person belonging to this Office: but we are of 
opinion, that the Salaries to the Officers and Clerks should be made 
adequate to the duties required, and the trust reposed in them. 

The sums paid into Greenwich Hospital by the Receiver on 
account of the Sixpenny Duty, during the last thirteen years, hare 
been as follow ; viz. 



Year. 


Amount. 


1700 


<. f. d. 
1.3,338 9 6i 


1791 


U'.a.52 14 5| 


1792 


1",740 9* 


1793 


1",263 4 lli 


1794 


12,027 16 6* 


1795 


l'>,190 17 oj 


1796 


13,451 16 


1797 


11,66"-' 5 2i 


1798 


1'-*, 7 87 4 Oi 


1799 ......... 


13,286 15 83 


1800 


13,309 1 6^ 


1801 


14,500 5 4i 


1802 


20/225 7 1 







44 



FIFTH REPORT OF THE 



We caused to be laid before us an account, rendered annually 
by the Sixpenny Office to the Admiralty, of the number of Seamen 
employed in the Merchants' Service, who had paid the Sixpenny 
Duty between the years 1790 and 1802; but upon examination of 
it, we found it unsatisfactory from two causes : First, the num- 
bers stated being ascertained by reducing the gross amount of the 
duty received into shillings, and dividing them by six, the propor- 
tion that would be paid by one Man, if constantly employed 
during the year, it merely gives a number which would, if so 
employed, pay to that amount; and, secondly, because we dis- 
covpred that it had been the practice to include in the gross 
amount of the Sixpenny Duty, the moiety of Hun Men's wages in. 
the Alrican Trade, and other forfeitures and penalties collected at 
the Out-Ports. 

We therefore subjoin a copy of the account; and, in an add:-. 
tional column, have given the number of Seamen that ought to 
have been returned, according to the mode of calculation above* 
described. 



Year. 


Number of Pramen 
returned to the 
Admiraity ( as having 
been employed in the 
Merchants' Service. 


Number 

tint oimht 
to have been 
returned. 


1790 


54,864 


54,808 


1791 


53,511 


52,446 


1792 


53,515 


52,507 


1793 


51,868 


50,689 


1794 


51,044 


49,6.11 


1795 


51,062 


49,87.5 


179/5 


55,166 


53,791 


1797 


48,848 


47,(H ; 9 


1798 


54,570 


54,365 


1799 - 


61,13-2 


5J.' 


1800 


6C ; ,_ 


54.505 


1801 


66,841 


58,866 


18052 


84,149 


77,918 



It must be observed*, the numbers TVC have stated which ought to 
have been returned to the Lords of the Admiralty, are not the 
numbers of Seamen actually employed in each year in the Mer- 
chants' Service, but the numbers which, if constantly employed, 
would have paid the amount of the duty collected. Supposing 
Seamen in general to be employed only during two-thirds of the 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL INQUIRY. ^5 

year, the numbers necessary to pay the duty must be increased 
one-third ; but this estimate, we apprehend, would fall very short 
of the number of 3Ien actually employed in the Trade of Great 
Britain. 

In order to bring the collection of the duty to some test, we 
procured from Mr. John Dalley, Assistant Register General of 
Shipping in the Port of-London, the following Accounts*, which 



An Account of the Xumber of Ships and Vessels, with their Tonnage, and the 
Number of Men and Boys usually employed in Navigating the same, that have 
been registered in the several Ports of Great Britain, and appear by the Books 
of the Register General of Shipping to have been in existence on the 30th Sep- 
tember, in the years 1799, 1800, and 1801 ; distinguishing each Year, each 
Port, and England from Scotland. 



PORTS 
of 
ENGLAND. 


Yeai 
S 

hips 


ending 30th 
:pt. 1799. 

A, 


Yeai 

S 

< 
Ships 


ending 
ept. 180( 

A 

Tons. 


30th 
). 

1 
Men 

and 
Boys. 


Year ending 30th 
Sept. 1801. 


Tons. 


Men 
and 
Boys. 


! 

Ships 


Tons. 


*} 
Men 

i! 11 1.1 

Boys. 


London 


,436 

89 
26 
30 

75 
306 
51 
68 
21 
114 
36 
37 
170 

26 
24 5 
15 
38 
24 
60 
173 
114 

202 
18 
233 

138 

4/5 
28t 
61 

ft 

l; 


507,119 

3,730 
993 
2,151 

5,619 
14,'jli: 
4312 
4,68* 
1,689 
6,065 
1,853 
4,769 
21,175 

938 
7,358 
671 
2,913 
1,318 
2,807 
4,654 
2,691 

10,579 
1,057 
14,294 

11,002 

3,720 
6,271 
3,700 

1.92C 

301 


58,534 

327 
106 

122 

344 
1,H3 
292 
258 
103 
37 (i 
131 
258 
1,238 

84 
737 
46 
193 
7.8 
190 
437 
270 

1,004 
247 
3,193 

767 

417 
658 
386 

167 
31 


',666 

75 

29 
28 

73 
362 
61 
67 
2-1 
121' 
35 
38 
186 

29 

247 
19 
40 
20 
64 
156 
128 

209 

S': 

254 
148 

62 
248 
76 

74 
14 


568,262 

3,197 
1,177 

1,926 

5,387 
13,799 
5,399 
4,659 
1,876 
6,389 
1,831 
5,486 
26,193 

1,096 
7,577 
1,064 
3,264 
1,734 
2,679 
4,663 
3,279 

11,215 
2,084 
15,800 

12,372 

5,656 
4,888 
4,610 

2,687 

331 


41,042 

265 
117 
108 

326 
1,094 
353 
256 
115 
410 
129 
272 
1,674 

95 
753 
68 
209 
113 
179 
434 
34.5 

1,048 
387 
3,155 

772 

666 
580 
467 

221 

30 


2,966 

71 
32 
31 

65 
379 
59 
71 
23 
133 
33 
45 
206 

25 
245 
20 
40 
29 
63 
164 
136 

230 
35 
243 

168 

55 
256 
89 

77 
14 


619,466 

3,322 
1,210 
370 

4,896 
14,010 
5,955 
4,960 
1,555 
7,373 
1,716 
5,572 
30,125 

943 
7,486 
1,215 
3,346 
1,835 
2,522 
4,921 
3,713 

12,409 
2,200 
15,348 

13,521 

5,714 
6,307 
5,477 

2,818 
316 


44,740 

246 
125 

132 

301 
1,162 
358 
269 
99 
465 
120 
319 
1,894 

- 81 
748 
76 
217 
102 
167 
458 
38g 

1,144 
380 
2,919 

919 

673 
613 
5.30 

228 
30 


Aberystwith .... 
Aldborough .... 
Arundci 


Barnstaple .... 


]5eauinaris 


Berwick 


Bideford 


Bladmey ^ Clay 
Boston 


Bridgewater . . . 
Bridlmgton . ,. i 
Bristol 


Cardiff 


Cardigan 


Carlisle 


Chepstow 


Chester 


Chichester .... 
Colchester .... 


Dartmouth .... 
Deal 


Dover 


Exeter 


Falmouth 
Faversham. . . . 


Gloucester .... 
i) week . . 



(Cpntiniifd.) 



4(5 



FIFTH REPORT OF THE 



are annually laid before Parliament, of the Number of Men 
employed in the Merchants' Service : 



PORTS 
of 
ENGLAND. 


Yea 
t 

( 
Ships 


r ending 
>ept. 17S 
__ ^^ 

Tons. 


30th 
9. 

1 
Men 
and 
Boys. 


Y 
i 

( 
Ships 


IT ending 
jept. 18C 
A. 

Tens. 


30th 
0. 

1 
Men 
and 
Boys. 


Yea 


t 
Ships 


r ending 
epr. 180 
^^ 

Tons. 


30th 
1. 

} 

Men 
and 
Boys. 


(Continued.) 
Harwich 


127 
553 

59 
90 

131 
745 
58 
15 

'21 
116 

185 

26 

570 
19 
21 

40 
100 

5 
25 
199 
159 
201 
35 

281 
83 

37 
88 
119 
12 
26 
221 
31 
38 
461 
82 

15 

st 

91 

227 
436 
21 
9t 

351 


6,341 
65,338 

3,052 
4,771 

16,890 
128,451 
2,503 
788 
1,677 
12,736 

5,510 
1,239 

126,623 
1,265 
1,201 

1,744 
3,785 

278 
1,457 

12,717 
9,480 
6,740 
1,729 

10,625 
3,645 

1,861 
4,718 
17,897 
398 
804 
12,154 
2,063 
3,080 
69,117 
4,521 

999 

2,949 
6,803 
37,175 
53,907 
1,123 
2,112 

30,380 


732 
4,068 

242 
310 

1,833 
12,985 
184 
56 
83 
721 

431 
85 

6,120 
80 
64 

139 
323 

17 

126 
843 
842 
623 
73 

794 
411 

132 
356 
1,020 
49 
91 
816 
149 
182 
3,402 
279 

59 

23(? 
407 
2,084 
3,155 
63 
125 

2,416 


137 
611 

57 
94 

140 
796 
63 
22 
21 
119 

178 

24 

632 
20 

36 

48 
99 

6 
27 
232 
153 
212 
33 

275 
87 

39 
97 
118 
11 
30 
243 
39 
41 
50t 
81 

37 

52 
105 
2'J7 
457 
K 
33 

375 


7,015 
68,533 

2,851 
4,799 

19,094 
140,633 
2,668 
1,257 
1,733 
12,639 

5,525 
1,125 

140,055 
1,187 

2,533 

2,162 
3,775 

339 
1,418 
14,800 
10,735 
7,985 
1,630 

10,756 
4,310 

2,01! 
5,116 
18,i)21 
261 
902 
12,888 
2,878 
3,398 
75,319 
4,412 

1,205 

3,078 
6,098 
36,868 
56,869 
1,915 
2,061 

32,957 


814 

4,^23 

224 
299 

1,926 
12,690 
182 
108 
81 
679 

421 
78 

7,054 
77 
146 

173 
3.18 

. 18 
1S1 

1,().S.S 

851 

604 
71 

804 
410 

143 
397 
1,068 
26 
101 
951 
19S> 
201 
3,400 
251 

75 

237 
451 
2,014 
3,426 
6(i 
125 

2,442 


144 
620 

60 
97 

111 

821 
65 
23 
20 
132 

189 

25 

657 
9 

47 

49 
90 

6 
30 
245 
134 
230 
35 

25 
94 

44 
93 
117 
10 
32 
249 
42 
40 
507 
81 

14 

59 
105 
236 
456 

23 
32 

393 


7,422 
61,490 

3,088 
5,127 

16,070 
148,891 
2,786 
1,004 
1 ,585 
13,492 

5,930 
1,022 

144,991 
1,482 
3,520 

2,534 
3,338 

637 
1,673 
15,574 
10,661 
8,765 
1,768 

11,204 
4,6'JO 

2,487 
5,141 
18,607 
261 
952 
13,356 
3,383 
3,295 
75,523 
4,411 

1,033 

3,515 

6,121 
37,696 
56,652 
1,224 
2,182 

34,831 


840 
3,774 

205 
31 

1,591 
13,371 
189 
91 
77 
744 

462 
75 

7,290 
95 

205 

194 
282 

27 
141 
1,105 
788 
660 
77 

815 

431 

165 
400 
1,046 
27 
110 
962 
206 
205 
3,527 
251 

69 

268 
439 
2,038 
3,403 
47 
123 

2,553 

109,^79 


Hull 


Tlfrscombe ..... 


Ipswich ....... 


Lancaster ...... 


Liverpool 


Uanelly 


Loo* 


Lyme , 


Lynn ......... 


Maklon ........ 


Minehead 


Newcastle ..... 


Newhaven .... 


New Milford . . . 
J*adstow ....... 


Pembroke (late? 
MiUord) 5 
Penryn 


Penzance 


Plymouth 


Pool 


Portsmouth .... 


Hochejter 


Rye . . 


St. Ives 


Sandwich 


Scarborough .... 
Scillv . . 


cu J , 

Shore ham 


Southampton . . . 
Southwold 


Stockton. ...... 


Sunderland .... 
Swanzey 


Truro 


Wells 


Weymouth 
\Vhitby 


Whitehaven .... 
Visbeach 


Woodbridge . . . 
Yarmouth 


ToUJ ENGLAND 


ll,47 


I,337i> s " 


99>1<>9 


I2,:o- 


1,466,63 


105.057 


u,76T 


>iS4Ii425 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 



47 



*< An Account of the Number of Ships, with their Tonnage, 
and Number of Men and Boys usually employed in Navigating 



PORTS 
of 
SCOTLAND. 


Year ending 30ih 
Sept. 1799. 
.A^ 


Vea 

S 

Ships 


r ending; 
ept. 180 
***. 

Tons. 


30th 
0. 

> 

Men 
and 
Boys. 


Year ending 30th 
Sept. 1801. 


Ships 


Tons. 


\ 

Men 
and 
Boys. 


( 
Ships 


Tons. 


~ 

Men 
and 
Boys. 




255 
38 
103 
44 

130 

6 

28 
15 
115 

8 

90 
330 

40 
83 
13 

87 
37 
20 

140 
16 

109 
14 

6 
27 
3 

86 

46 
30 

17 

p. 

30 


20,037 
2,646 
6,547 
2,056 

8,282 
3,176 

1,152 
1,462 
7,690 

259 

9,808 
30,650 

1,974 
5,813 
456 

9,778 
1,528 
1,252 

14,120 
471 

6,464 
594 

283 
2,111 
102 

4,193 

1,722 
1,344 

985 
98 

1,057 


1,377 
198 
386 
166 

539 
544 

91 
157 

569 

30 

767 
3,076 

175 
460 
43 

611 
147 
108 

855 
55 

525 
53 

30 
128 
15 

815 

199 
125 

71 
14 

84 


281 
44 
100 
46 

130 
75 

29 
16 
123 

7 

90 

377 

42 
82 
10 

97 
3.5 
15 

134 
17 

112 
18 

4 
31 
3 

92 

50 
38 

17 

6 

34 


23,236 
3,256 
6,242 
2,128 

8,406 
3,496 

1,190 
1,584 
8,741 

245 

10,052 
35,353 

2,143 
5,783 
349 

11,348 
1,514 
923 

13,894 
553 

6,555 
904 

174 
2,429 
102 

5,404 

1,759 
1,688 

1,035 

12-1 

1,19^ 


1,585 
237 
378 
167 

550 
618 

95 
162 
641 

22 

785 
3,804 

177 
440 
33 

690 
162 
80 

899 

60 

506 
79 

21 
151 
15 

958 

208 
157 

76 
22 

97 


263 
48 
101 

46 

29 
131 

77 

30 
19 
132 

5 

103 
406 

46 
81 
11 

103 
37 
21 

137 
14 

136 

23 

3 
34 

94 

54 

37 

21 
3 

32 


23,575 
.3,471 
6,564 
2,305 

1,028 
8,391 

3,619 

1,290 
1,835 
10,073 

222 

13,084 
38,603 

2,932 
5,989 
414 

11,663 
1,648 
1,205 

14,534 
460 

6,370 
838 

121 

.2,624 
71 

4,609 

1,862 
1,618 

1,277 
5t 

1,2i: 


1,571 
262 
392 
181 

119 
540 

624 

101 

180 
732 

16 

1,026 
4,140 

215 
462 
39 

7il 
181 
140 

909 

. 52! 

479 
83 

16 
160 
9 

984 

222 
150 

91 
9 

95 


Air 


Alba 


Anstruther 


Banff 


Borrowstcmness . 
Campbelltown . . 
Dumfries 




Dundee 


Fort William 








Isle Martin 
Kirkaldy 


Kirkudbright . . . 
Kirkwall 


Leith 


Lcrwick 


Jlloiitrose ...... 


Oban 


Port Patrick 
Perth 


Prestonpaus . . . 
Rothesay 


Stornawav 


Stranraer ...... 


Thurso 


Tobermory 
Wigtown 


Total SCOTLAND 
Total ENGLAND 

*otJl GT. BRITAIN 


,OJI 

11,487 


148,110 

i337>< 


12,413 

99>30f 


I>I55 

I 2, 208 


161,807 
1,466,632 


1 3)88 j 

105,037 


2,279 
12,767 


"73)56 
1,511,42 


14,891 
109,579 


>3,5l8 



































,!. D ALLEY, 

Assistant Register General of Shipping. 



48 FIFTH REPORT OF TlE COMMISSIONERS, &.C. 

the same, that have been registered at and belong to the 
several Ports of Great Britain, and appear, by the Books of 
the Register General of Shipping, .to have been in existence 
on the 30th of September, in the Years 1799, 1800, an:t 
1801, distinguishing each Year;" with an Abstract of the 
same, including the Number of Ships and Vessels belonging 
to the several Ports in the British Dominions : 

" An Account of the Number of Men and Boys, which 
appear by the Reports of the Masters to have been employed 
in the Merchants' Service in Great Britain on board British 
Ships entered Inwards and Outwards from and to Foreign 
Parts, during the last ten Years ; distinguishing England 
from Scotland." 

Aii Account of the Number of Ships, with their Tonnage, and Number of Men 
and Bovs usually employed in Navigating the same, that have been registered 
at and belong to the, several Ports of the British Dominions, and appear by liie 
Books of the Register General of Shipping; to have been in existence oa the 
30th of September, in the Years 3799, 1800, and 180 Ij distinguishing each 
Year; viz. 



England 
Jersey 
Guernsey 
Man 
Plantations 
Scotland 
Ireland 


3oth September, 1799. 


3oth September, 1800. 


3oth September, 1801. 


Ships. 


Tons. 


Men. 


Ships. 


Tons. 


Men. 


Ships. 


Tons. 


Men. 


ti,4R7 

DI 

7 

2,996 
2,0<l 

999 


r,337,i8i 
4,611 
6,199 
5t5 

201,7,3 
145,1 10 
49,825 


99,309 
694 
803 

1,201 

15,982 
12,413 

4,835 


I2,2o8 

53 
77 
238 
2,161 

SMSS 

1,003 


1,466,632 
4,244 
6,403 
$>463 
i57>364 
161,807 
54,262 


105,037 
fci 

781 
1,285 
12,047 

13.883 

5,057 


12,767 

ti 

237 

3,2*5 
2,279 
1,004 


1,541,425 

3,922 
7,622 
5,560 
251,928 
I73.S64 
54,24i 


109,579 
6.7 

8f< 

1,289 

17,480 
14,891 

4,87> 


17,879 1,725,815:135,237 


17,5595 


1,856,175 


138,721 


19,7122,038,262 


149,566 



J. DALLEY, 

Assistant Register General of Shipping. 

An Account of the Number of Men and Boys which appear by the Reports of 
the Mas'eis to have been employed in the Merchants' Service in Great Britain, 
on Loard British Ships, Inwards' and Outwards, from and to Foreign Parts, 
during the hist ten Years ; distinguishing England from Scotland. 



In the 
Year. 


ENGLAND. 


SCOTLAND. 


Inwards. 


Outwards. 


I nwards. 


Outwards. 


Number of 
Men and Boys. 


Number of 
Men and Boys. 


Number of 
Men and Boys. 


Number ot 
Vlen and Boys. 


1793 
74 

' 1795 
1796 
1797 
1798 
1799 
1800 

l^Ot 

1802 


69,538 

78,481 
65,893 

74, '94 
61,669 
67,540 

Z 3 ' 7 "* 
62,716 

75.356 
93,904 


79,064 
78,0^2 
64,982 
69,869 
63,254 
75,^39 
76,834 
80,112 
75.703 
, 9 '.23 


iz,2o8 
10,606 
9,610 
14,480 
1 1 ,406 
10,917 
10,900 

ii,7S 

12,679 
14,767 


io,374 
10,087 

8,731 
10,971 
' 1 0,028 

11,433 
11,852 

13.I&3 
1 1,60 1 

11,197 



TLc above Actouut is framed by reference lo the Book kept by the ClerL. of 



49 



PLATE CLXXXIII, 

BY Mr. Pocock, from a Sketch made in the West Indies by 
Captain Walter Tfeuienheer, of the Royal Marines, late 
Lieutenant-Governor of Curacoa. The Land bearing VV.S.W. 
to W.N.W. distant about three leagues. Guanahani, or Cat 
Island, one of the Bahamas, is on the N.E. side of them, and was 
the first part of the West Indies that was discovered by Columbus, 
October 11,1 492, who gave it the name of San Salvador. " The 
flocks of Birds, says Robertson*, increased, and were composed 
not only of Sea Fowl, but of such Land Birds as could be sup- 
posed to fly far from the Shore. The Clouds around the setting 
Sun assumed a new appearance ; the Air was more mild and 
warm, and during Night the Wind became unequal and variable. 
From all these symptoms, Columbus was so confident of being 
near Land, that on the Evening of the llth of October, after 
public Prayers for success, he ordered the Sails to be furled, and 
the Ships to lie to, keeping strict Watch, lest they should be 
driven ashore in the Night. During this interval of suspence and 
expectation, no Man shut his eyes, all kept upon deck, gazing 
intently towards that quarter where they expected to discover the 
Land, which had been so long the object of their wishes. 

About two hours before midnight, Columbus standing on the 
forecastle, observed a light at a distance, and privately pointed it 
out to Pedro Guttierez, a Page of the Queen's wardrobe. Gut- 
tierez perceived it, and calling to Salcedo, Comptroller of the 
fleet, all three saw it in motion, as if it were carried from place 
to place. A little after Midnight, the joyful sound of Land, 
Lund, was heard from the Pinta, which kept always ahead of the 
Other Ships. As soon as Morning dawned, all doubts and fears 
were dispelled. From every Ship an Island was seen about two 
leagues to the north, whose flat and verdant Fields, well stored 
with Wood, and watered with many Rivulets, presented the 

the Ships' Entries, from the Reports of the Port of London, and from Annual 
Returns made by the respective Collectors and Comptrollers at the Out-Porls of 
England and Scotland. 

I understand that it has not been the practice to include the Master io 
Xondon, but he is included in the Returns from the Out-Ports. Apprentice* arc 
included by all. 

J. DAT.LET, 

5th April, 1803. Assistant Register General of Shipping, 

* Hist, of America, 8vo. Vol. I, page 128. 

* 8toi,XIV. H 



50 PLATE CLXXXIII. 

aspect of a delightful Country. The Crew of the Pinta instantly' 
began the Te Deum, as a Hymn of thanksgiving to God, and were 
joined by those of the other Ships, with tears of joy and transports 
of congratulation." 

Guanahani (the native name) is on a particular Bank, east of 
the great Bahama* Bank, and is separated from it only by a 
narrow Channel called Kxuma Sound. The small Archipelago of 
the Lucaya or Bahama Islands was, according to Raynall +, en- 
tirely desert, when in 1672 some Englishmen took possession of 
Providence Island. They afterwards became a place of retreat of 
Pirates, established under the famous Jennings. They were sub- 
dued in 1719, and the Islands settled by a Colony brought from 
Europe by Woodes Rogers. 

The attention of the Public has of late been so much directed 
towards the West Indies, that we shall endeavour to procure 
Drawings of some of the principal, and most interesting places in 
that quarter. A distant View of the Town of Roseau by Mr. 
Pocock is already in great forwardness. 

The Engraver of the present Plate, though he has given som 
good touches to the Sea, has considerably injured the general 
effect of the original Drawing, by not keeping the Vessels in 
proper distance : nor has he sufficiently attended to the form of 
the Tropic Bird, over the petite Agua Boat with two Sails, on 
the left. The Vessel to the right is a Bermudian Sloop, and th 
other a Schooner, built at New Providence. 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 

An Historical Review of the Royal Marine Corps, from its 
Original Institution dozen to the present Era, 1803. Dedi- 
cated, by Permission, to His Royal Highness the Duke of 
CLARENCE, by ALEXANDER GILLESPIE, First Lieutenant, and 
upwards of twenty-four Years an Officer in it, 402 pages, 4to. 
With a short Appendix of six pages, on the "Nature of those 
Rights which have progressively been granted to the Marine 
Soldier. 

'E request Mr. Gillespie to excuse what has appeared a 
neglect of his interesting Work, whereas it in fact arose 
from our solicitude to pay it a marked and proper attention. 

See Malham's Naval Gazetteer, 3 Vol*. t Vol. VI, page 355, 



NAYAt. LITERATURE. 51 

Before the appearance of this Volume, \ve had received from 
an Officer in the Corps, (who at an early period of our labours 
rendered us very considerable assistance,) a brief MS. account 
of the Royal Marines. Hearing of Mr. Gillespie's Work, it 
was kept back ; and we now have waited with the hope of being 
able to give our Review additional value by the insertion of this 
Paper. We must however still repress it ; and leaving a more 
particular account of this Xolume to the time when we shall be 
allowed to publish these remarks we shall at present content 
ourselves with a brief and general Critique. 

Mr. Gillespie has nothing to fear from the liberal Critic ; nor, 
if he had, would he receive the lash from the Naval Chronicle. 
In this respect we yield with pleasure to the Drawcansir 
Writers of the Edinburgh Review ; who frequently conceal 
ignorance by their violent attacks ; and have more pleasure in 
destroying the germes of Literature, than in rooting up the Tares 
which the infirmity of Human Nature will too often sow 
amongst the Wheat. 

The History of the Royal Marine Corps had long been a 
desideratum in Naval Literature ; but the pertinacity with which 
all information on the subject is retained at the War Office ; the 
impossibility of consulting Public Papers ; and that inquisitorial 
suspicion with which the principal avenues to historic truth, 
particularly such as relate to the Navy, and the Army, are 
vigilantly closed, rendered the task equally painful and unpro- 
mising. If therefore we discover any defects in Mr. Gillespie'a 
Historical Review, (which title might rather have yielded to 
that of Historical Memoir,) if we sometimes think the Narra- 
tive, particularly in the first four chapters, rather bare, we must 
remember the difficulties he had to encounter; and acknow- 
ledge in his own words, that " the Foundation Stone is laid, 
upon which a structure may be reared. A Soldier from his 
infancy, he begs that the Public, and those who controul its 
opinions, may be tender with the Lash." 

This Historical Review- consists of forty-eight Chapters ; and 
might have been divided into three Parts. I. From the 
Establishment of the Corps, in the year 1684, as it appeared ill 



52 NAVAl LITERATURE. 

the Army List, and from the return of the General Review on 
Putney Heath, upon the first day of October in that year, 
\vhich runs thus: " The Lord High Admiral of England, his 
Iloyal Highness the Duke of York and Albany's Maritime 
Regiment of Foot, commanded by the Honourable Sir Charles 
Littleton, called also the Admiral Regiment 

" OLIVER NICLAS, Lieutenant Colonel. 
ROGER BAGETT, Major. 
ROBERT CRAWFORD, Captain Lieutenant. 
RICHARD BEAUVOIR, Adjutant. 

" This Regiment consisted of twelve Companies, without any 
Grenadiers, had yellow coats lined with red, and their Colours 
were a red Cross, with Rays of the Sun issuing from each of its 
angles. It stood the third in seniority in the Line of that day." 
This first period appears to close with the accession of George 
the First, who began his reign with a signal mark of Royal 
Favour, in consideration of the extensive and gallant services of 
the Marine Regiments. 

" II. The second period might extend from 1714, through the 
age of prejudice, 1715, 1739, when the very name of a Marine 
Soldier carried within it hostility to British Liberty ; and might 
close with the year when the Marines were incorporated with 
the Line, and their numerical precedence commenced with the 
44th Regiment, entitled, The First Marines. 

" The third and last period would then extend from 1 745 to 
the close of the last War, when his present Majesty was pleased 
to honour the Corps with the Title of Royal." What passed 
subsequent should have been left to another Historian. 

We now . proceed to furnish some examples of our Author's 
style ; and as his Work abounds with Anecdote, we select the 
gallant: y which a Female Marine displayed in the Expedition 
agamsi Poudicherry in August 1748. 

Upon this occasion a Woman fought in the Marine Ranks, of 
the name, of Hannah Snell, a Native of Worcester, who, after 
in:tny checqucred destinies, inlisted at Portsmouth in Colonel 
Fm/r's Regiment, from whence she was embarked with a 
Detachment on board the Swallow Sloop, one of Admiral Bos. 



NATAL LITERATURE. 53 

eawcn's Squadron. In this affair she behaved with distinguished 
courage, having fired 37 rounds, and received a ball in the groin, 
which, two days afterwards, she herself extracted, and likewise 
dressed the wound. Eleven others in both logs, but of inferior 
consequence also, rendered her removal to the Hospital at Cudclu- 
lore absolutely necessary, where she continued three moaths. 

When recovered, she was ordered on board the Eltham Frigate, 
in which she continued till that Ship returned home and was paid 
off. After receiving her discharge from the Marine Service, in 
company with many of her Companions, she set out for London. 
The time arrived when they were to bid each other a long adieu ; 
this moment she chose to discover her sex, in order to attest the 
truth of her adventures. One of her friends tendered his hand, 
which was declined. She afterwards wore the Marine Dress, and 
having presented a petition to his Royal Highness the Duke of 
Cumberland, he, with a princely spirit, attended to her prayer, 
and placed her on the King's List for a pension of thirty pounds a 
year for life. This she enjoyed until a few years ago, when, 
after a long residence at Walsall, in Staffordshire, her days were 
closed. 

The following, which took place on the memorable Plains of 
Abraham, is also very descriptive of the coolness^ and enthusiasm 
of our Sailors : 

This leads me to notice a very ludicrous circumstance that 
occurred on the morning of the 13th of September, previous to 
that Battle which decided the fate of Quebec. A number of Tars 
who had been employed in dragging the cannon to the heights upon 
which they were planted, when returning to their Ships, observed 
the Army drawn up in Battle array : instead of continuing their 
route, they fell into the ranks with the Soldiers, some having 
cutlasses, others sticks, and a few having nothing in their hands. 
General Wolfe remarking their zeal, addressed them with that 
complacency which was so familiar to him, thanked them for their 
well meant spirit, urged them to go on board, and pointed out the 
probable bad consequences from their mingling with the Soldiery 
at so critical a moment. To this request some of them answered, 
u God bless your Honour, pray let us stay and see fair play 
between the English and French." The General could not help 
smiling at these brave but thoughtless fellows, and again repeated 
his wish for them to withdraw. With this some complied ; but 
others swore, immediately on turning his back, u that the Sol- 



54 NAVAL LITERATURE. 

diers should not have all the fighting to themselves, but that they 
would come in for a share of it some way or other." 

It appears that a number actually continued in the ranks during 
the progress of the day, and whenever a Soldier dropped they 
alternately put on his accoutrements, charged, and fired with per- 
fect coolness. 

The Battle of Bunker's Hill was a great and glorious day for 
the Marine Corps, and we> wish Mr. Gillespie had given it more 
of his attention. Is not the exact date known when the laurel 
was added to the Marine Button? nor the person who first 
suggested it ? Some public letter on the occasion must have 
appeared in the Gazette. Mr. Gillespie's account is as fol- 
lows : 

The Rebels wishing to anticipate the Royal Troops, in the 
possession of Charlestown*, hitherto? unoccupied by either, pushed 
a large body of Men, on the evening of the 16th of June, to erect 
works upon Bunker's Hill. During the night they raised entrench- 
ments, and a breast work, with a strong Redoubt, sufficiently for- 
midable to excite the jealousy of General Gage. A heavy fire 
opened upon their working parties early on the morning of the 
l-7tli of Jung* who,, however, persevered in their labours with 
much firmness. 

It appearing highly necessary to dislodge the Americans from 
so very important a post, the Commander in Chief, at noon, 
detached ten Companies of Grenadiers, an equal number of Light 
Infantry, with the 5th, 38-th, 43d, and 52d Regiments, under 
Major-General Howe, and Brigadier Pigot, with that view, which 
feeing embarked, landed and'formcd on the Peninsula, without oppo- 
sition, under cover of the Ships of War. 

The position of the Rebels was strong indeed. A small but 
well contrived Redoubt, besides some other works full of Soldiers, 
and defended with cannon, as well as numbers of Riflemen placed 
in the houses of Charlestown, covered their right flank ; their 
centre and left were protected by a breast-work, partly gun-proof^ 
which reached from the Redoubt to the Mcd'ford River. 

Major-General Howe, upon examining this powerful state of 



* CUarlcstown is separated from Boston by Charles River ; a distance little 
snore than that which divides London and the Borough, between which there is 
afso a singular connexion. Bunker's Hill is situated just within the ncck-ol' lami 
Iku joins the Peniusula of Charlestown to the Continent. 



NATAL LITERATURE. 65 

defence, and observing fresh columns pouring in to the Enemy's 
works, solicited a Reinforcement, which soon joined him, con- 
sisting of some Companies of Grenadiers and Light Infantry, the 
47th Regiment, and the first Battalion of Marines. 

Having been formed in two lines, they advanced with slot? but 
steady steps to the Conflict. Majors Pitcairne, Tuppcr, and 
Short, led my Corps upon this distinguished day. 

The roar of cannon and howit/ers, on the part of the British, 
occasionally halting to yield them effect, marked their progress 
towards the Rebel Works. Not a shot was returned by the Enemy, 
until our Troops had nearly reached their Entrenchments, when a 
tremendous and destructive fire was opened, which, it must be 
confessed, somewhat staggered our Men. The awful occasion 
exhibited General Howe most conspicuously for the valuable 
resources of coolness and reflection amidst danger. It also 
afforded an opportunity of signalizing the discipline and intrepidity 
of the Battalion of Marines, which dealt destruction and carnage 
around them. 

Brigadier-General Pigot, who was .destined to attack the 
Redoubt and Lines, that covered the American right flank, was 
likewise exposed to a hot fire from the houses in Charlcstown. 
His loss was severe, but his exertions were animated, and displayed 
the most brilliant courage, as well as talents. 

General Clinton, who had crossed from Boston during the 
Action, attached to himself the merit of rallying the Troops, 
whom he led against the Rebel Works with fixed bayonets, and 
with that daring impetuosity which so strongly characterizes the 
British Soldier. 

They soon forced them, and drove the Provincials across the 
Neck of Charlestown, who were also much harassed by the canuoo 
of His Majesty's Ship Glasgow, in their retreat. 

The glory of the Army, upon this day, was great, but it was 
dearly earned. Their total loss amounted to 1 Lieutenaat- 
Coloncl, 2 Majors, 7 Captains, and 9 Subalterns of the Land 
Forces and Marines killed, besides 70, of different descriptions ia 
both, wounded. 207 Non-commissioned and rank and file also 
fell, and 828 were wounded. 

Amongst the slain was Major Pitcairne, of the Marines, whse 
death Mas alike deplored by his Corps and his Country. Major 
Short also left behind him a reputation sufficiently worthy of deep 
regret. 

The Marine Battalion sustained fully more than its proportional 



50 NAVAL LITERATURE. 

share of casualties ; and its gallant conduct upon the 17th of June 
demands, from the whole of our Establishment, its commemorative 
and indelible gratitude, when each of us casts an eye upon that 
laurel which now encircles his button, and reflects that it was pur- 
chased by their valour. 

The following appeared in the General Orders of the 19th of 
June, 1775: 

" The Commander in Chief returns his most grateful thanks to 
Major-Gencral Howe, for the extraordinary exertion of his 
Military abilities on the 17th instant. He returns his thanks also 
to Major-General Clinton, and Brigadier Pigot, for the share thcj 
took in the success of the day, as well as to Lieutenant-Colonels 
Nesbitt, Abercromby, Gunning, and Clarke; Majors Butler, 
Williams, Bruce, Tapper^ Spcnlove, Small, and Mitchell, and the 
rest of the Officers and Soldiers, who, by remarkable efforts of 
courage and gallantry, overcame every disadvantage, and drove the 
Rebels from the Redoubts' and strong Holds on the Heights of 
Charlestown, and gained a complete Victory." 

By the return of Major T upper to Europe, and the fatal events 
of the 17th of June, the Command of the Marines soon after 
devolved upon Major (now Lieutenant-General) Souter. 

Bunker's Hill was fortified, and our Troops retained the Pe- 
ninsula, which rendered their duties very severe. The Americans 
prevented every supply from the interior, and compelled our 
Army to subsist upon salt, and indifferent provisions. Cut off 
from the Continent, their sufferings were great, when sickness 
became prevalent. 

The Provincials having constructed Works upon a Hill opposite 
Bunker's, completed the Blockade of the Peninsula, which they 
gradually extended close to the Fortifications on Boston Neck. 

Some predatory enterprizcs were attempted by them, by no 
means deficient ia spirit or success. In one of these they burnt 
the Light-house at, the entrance of the Harbour, communicating 
with it by some Whale Boats, from which they carried off, or 
killed, the whole of a small Detachment of Marines, who pro- 
tected the Carpenters in erecting a new one. Thus matters con- 
tinued for some time, and the situation of a brave Army, qooped 
up and unable to act, was rendered both distressing and de- 
grading. 

In the orders of the 27th of September, the Royal Thanks were 
tendered to the Forces, for their intrepid conduct upon the 17th of 
June, in the following terms : 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 57 

cc The King has been pleased to order the Commander in Chief 
to express His Majesty's thanks, both to the Officers and Soldiers, 
for the resolution and gallantry with which they attacked and 
defeated the Rebels on the 17th of June last, Avho had every 
advantage of numbers and situation; and more especially expressed 
to the Generals Howe and Clinton, and to Brigadier-General 
Pigot, the sense His Majesty entertains of the spirit, resolution, 
and conduct by which they distinguished themselves, to their 
honor, upon that day." 

To the above instance of the gallantry of the Marines, may 
be added another not so generally known, which took place in 
the West Indies during the year 1802. 

A very dangerous insurrection of the Eighth West India Regi- 
ment in the Island of Dominica, marked by circumstances of the 
most shocking barbarity, was checked in its immediate eiTects, in 
part, by his firm countenance. It fortunately occurred, when 
those murderous Revolters first showed their spirit, that His 
Majesty's Ship Magnificent was at anchor in Prince Rupert's Bay. 
Some shot, from the Lower Cabareta, which went over her, was 
the first symptom of Mutiny on the Shore, and it was soon con- 
firmed by intelligence that the Blacks had risen in arms, and had 
,T--a>;suiated a number of their Officers. Captain Gifford tendered 
his Services to the President of the Island ; M*ho, conceiving it 
only the prelude to a general commotion, gladly accepted the 
offer. Lieutenant O'Neale volunteered the duty of disem- 
barkation, and he felt it a difficult task to restrain the ardor of 
the whole party of Marines to follow him. But his number was 
confined to two Serjeants, two Corporals, and 36 Privates, with 
which he put off from the Ship just at dawn on the Morning of the 
10th of April. Observing the Rebels advancing rapidly to the 
IjL'iich, he anticipated their object, quickly effected a landing, and 
took post on a llill ? after the exchange of some scattering shots. 
Opposed to nearly 500 Blacks, whom he kept at Bay during the 
Day, Reinforcements became necessary, and he was farther 
s lengthened by two successive Detachments of Marines under 
Lieutenants Lambert and Hawkins. Upon this rising ground, 
tho.sc brave Fellows, not exceeding sixty-six, gave refuge to many 
Officers who flew from the ferocious hands of the Mutineers. 
Tliey A\ ere afterwards joined by some Colonial Militia, who were 
little calculated, from the mixed nature of their arms, to oppose a 
resolute Enemy. The dispositions of Lieutenant Lambert through 

/2at. SJjron. &o!. XIV. * 



5^ NAVAL LITERATURE. 

the night, aided by the counsels of Mr. O'Neale, were like a good 
Oitirer. The Native Troops gave way to slumber. His outposts 
were, therefore, confided to his faithful Companions, and all his 
energies were derived from his own Brethren. Incessant rains 
had nearly rendered useless all their ammunition. 

On the following day the Marines were ordered to Grand 
Ance, in order to protect the Inhabitants, and through that night 
were posted in the swamps to prevent the escape of the Blacks 
from Fort Shirley. Many of our Men had been fifty-six hours on 
Shore amidst the greatest privations ; having had nothing to eat but 
raw salt beef and biscuit. The stagnated smell from their 
position, pointed out the necessity of obtaining some other re- 
freshment to recruit nature, and to avert disease. A Marine of 
the Party, overhearing the discussion amongst his Officers, nobly 
said, " I will go to the Village and bring them I know I must 
go and repass the Enemy's fire, but my life is not mine, it is at the 
constant command of His Majesty's Service." lie accordingly 
performed his duty, arid escaped unhurt. 

Bread was distributed, and brandy administered, in scanty 
portions, through the night, by the Officers, who exhorted the 
Men to keep up their spirits. The feelings of the brave are ever 
reciprocal in acts of kindness. One and all they exclaimed, " We 
wish to add another laurel to our Corps ! we will follow you 
wherever you go !" The mud collected by the rains had, in the 
course of marching, deprived many of their shoes, which could 
not be remedied but from the Ship. Frequent Flags of Truce 
had passed between General Johnstone and the Fort. Mr. Ro- 
berts, an Officer of Engineers, requested to storm it, if the Muti. 
neers would not surrender the Barrier, providing the Marines 
accompanied him, who, to a Man, volunteered, saying, " We 
don't mind shoes, we can fight without them." The Governor 
applauded their gallant zeal, and assured them of a preference, if, 
their Services should be wanted. 

The Marines united with Detachments from the Royal Scotch, 
and Sixty-eighth Regiments, marched into the Fort upon the 
12th, and drew up in front of the Black Corps, which presented 
arms to the Troops ; having three of their own Officers, as Pri- 
soners, placed between their Colours. General Johnstone was 
obeyed by them in his orders to shoulder, order, and ground their 
arms ; but on being commanded to step three paces in front, the 
ry was " No/' they instantly resumed them and fired a volley : 



NATAL LITERATURE. 59 

this was returned, and was followed up with a charge of bayonets, 
which broke their ranks, and dispersed the Mutineers in every 
direction. The greater part fled up the Outer Cabaret, keeping 
up a fire until they reached the Rocks, down which many pre- 
cipitated themselves ; and those who could/afterwards crawl from 
the bottom, were exposed to a discharge of grape and cannister 
from the Magnificent. 

John JSudd, private Marine, distinguished himself most signally 
during the pursuit. He was attacked singly by four black Gre- 
nadiers, one of whom he killed with his first fire ; wounded 
another, when coolly awaiting a return from the other two ; 
reloaded his musket, with which he shot a third ; and bayoneted 
the fourth : afterwards turning to him who was wounded, he 
closed his destinies, and, throwing the remains of the whole over 
the Rocks, finished his exploit by saying, u This is the way I 
shall serve all Traitors'." The conduct of John Lamswood, and 
Alexander Livingstone, is also worthy of notice : both were 
severely wounded ; but they persevered in their duty, until the 
loss of blood brought them to the ground. The former received a 
ball in his mouth, which lodging in his throat, was afterwards 
extracted by an able operation of Mr. Veitch, Surgeon of the 
Saturn. J am authorized likewise to detail the name of John 
Batt, Private, whose alacrity, daring these arduous Services, 
cheered his Associates. As my scope is limited, 1 would not 
detract from the merit of these Corps., with which mine was 
united. Theirs were such as to maintain their long established 
reputation. Upon their return to Martinique, the whole Detach- 
ment met a mark of public recompence in those necessaries which 
they had expended ; and the Oilicers received the thanks of Gene- 
ral Johnstone, and of the Presidency of Dominique, which they 
had probably saved from general revolt. 

Such being the high Character, and noble Exploits of Th 
Royal Marines, \ve are glad to observe that our Author con- 
siders the present First Lord of the Admiralty as their Patron. 
" It is a tribute, however, meritedly due to the Right Hon. 
Mr. Dundas, to remark, that from his intelligent and generous 
conceptions, first emanated all those inestimable privileges to 
the Subordinates in the Royal Corps of Marines, which were 
eagerly discussed and sanctioned by a grateful Legislature." 



60 



The Heart's remote recesses to explore. 

And touch its Springs, when Prose avail'd no more. 

FALCONE*. 

THE SPIRIT OF DISCOVERY; OR, THE CONQUEST OF OCEAN, 
A POEM, IN FIVE BOOKS : 

WITH NOTES, HISTORICAL AND ILLUSTRATIVE. 

By the Eeverend WILMAM LISLE BOWLIS. 

In this Department of our Chronicle we shall introduce some Extract.? frdsr,. 
the above beautiful Poem : having neither inclination, nor sufficient room, 
minutely to scrutinize its contents. A task which we jieid, with pleasure, to the 
Swarm of self-created Critics, who live by pillage and abuse : one half of whom, 
will praise this Poem, and the other half condemn it. The following Extracts ai.e 
taken from the first Book ; 

61 "OUT I had hope that one day I might wake 

Thy Strings to higher utterance; and now, 
Bidding adieu to Glens, and Woods, and Streams, 
And turning where, magnificent and vast, 
Main Ocean bursts upon my sight, I strike 
Rapt in the theme on which I long have inus'd 
Strike the loud Lyre, and as the blue Waves rock, 
Swell to their solemn roar the deep'ning Chords. 

61 Lift thy indignant Billows high, proclaim, 
Thy terrors, Spirit of the hoary Seas ! 
I sing thy dread Dominion, amid Wreck s, 
And Storms, and howling Solitudes, to Man, 
Submitted : 

" ALL WAS ONE WASTE OF WAVES, that bury'd deep 
Earth and its multitudes: the ARK alone. 
High on the cloudy van of Ararat, 
Rested; for now the death-commissioned Storm 
Sinks silent, and the eye of day looks out 
Dim through the haze, while short successive gleam-j 
Flit o'er the face of Deluge as it shrinks, 
Or the transparent Rain-drops, falling few, 
Distinct and larger glisten. So the Ark 
Rests upon Ararat; but nought around 
Its inmates can behold, save o'er th' expanse 
Of boundless waters, the Sun's orient orb 



NAVAL POETRY. 61 

Stretching the hull's long shadow, or the Moon 
In silence, through the silver-cinctur'd Clouds, 
Sailing, as she herself were lost ; and left 
IN NATURE'S LONELINESS! 



The human prospect! when from Realm to Realm, 

From Shore to Shore, from Isle to farthest Isle, 

Flung to the stormy Main, Man's murmuring Race, 

Various and countless as the shells that strew 

The Ocean's winding marge, are spread: from Shores 

Sinensian, where the passing Proas gleam 

Innum'rous mid the* floating Villages 5 

To Acapulco west, where laden deep 

With Gold and Gems, rolls the superb Galleon, 

Shadowing the hoar Pacific : from the North, 

Where on some snowy Promontory's height 

The Lapland Wizard beats his Drum, and cElls 

The Spirits of the Winds to th' utmost South, 

Where savage Fnego shoots its cold white peaks, 

Dreariest of Lands ; and the poor Pccherais 

Shiver and moan along its waste of Snows. 

So stirs the Earth: and for the Ark that pass'd 

Alone and darkling o'er the dread Abyss, 

Ten thousand and ten thousand Barks arc seen , 

Fervent and glancing on the Friths and Sounds; 

From the Bermudian +, that, with masts incliu'd. 

Shoots like a dart along, to the tall Ship 

That, like a stately Swan, in conscious pride 

Breasts beautiful the rising Surge, and throws 

The gather'd waters back, and seems to move 

A living thing, along her lucid way, 

Streaming in lovely glory to the Sun ! 

Some waft the Treasures of the East ; some bear 

Their Country's dark Artillery o'er the Surge 

Frowning; some in the Southern Solitudes 

Bound on discovery of new Regions, spread, 

Mid Rocks of driving Ice, that crash around, 

*- Owing to the great population of China, many live almost constantly in 
JJoats, which form a sort of Village on the water. 

t The Lugger has two masts inclining aft, and some other Vessels. But Mr. 
Bowles has been guilty of an error in supposing, that the masts of all Bcnaudiaa 
Vessels incline thus. See Plate to the present Number. 



2 NATAI, POETRY. 

Their weather-beaten Main-Sail : or explore 
Their perilous way from ioie to Isle, and wind 
The tender social Tie; connecting Man, 
Wherever scatter'd, with his Fellow-man. 

NAVAL BALLAD. 
I. 

WITH firm and steady motion 
Swift o'er the azure Ocean 
Our gallant Vessel flew; 
Clear was the starry night, 
The silvery Moon shone bright, 

And jovial was the Crew : 
Save HENRY, who with Hope and Fear, 
In silence check'd the starting tear ; 
And whilst to Heaven he rais'd his eye, 
His wounded heart heav'd many a sigh 

For MART! 
II. 

Onr Ship was homeward bound, 
The Grog went cheerly round, 

'Twas Saturday Night at Sea! 
Each to his favourite Lass 
Fill'd high the sparkling glass, 

Whom soon he hop'd to see : 
But down sunk HENRY'S drooping head, 
Chill'd was his heart; his colour fled ; 
Remembrance shook his feverish frame, 
His faultering voice could scarce exclaim, 

To MAUY! 
III. 

At length the Dawn appear'd ; 
The wish'd for Port we near'd, 
And every heart was glad; 
Behold our Native Shore ! 
Each Toil and Danger o'er, 
Then why is HENRY sad? 
Unhappy Youth! he long has strore 
In vain to conquer hopeless Love: 
But while blest Memory holds her scat, 
Ne'er can his fond heart cease to beat 

For MART! 

SAAC, 



NAVAL POETRY. <S3 

BALLAD. 

I SING of that life of deliglit beyond measure, 
That Tars calmly lead on th? boisterous Main, 
Where toil is enjoyment, where trouble's all pleasure, 

And where Men lose their lives, a sure fortune to gain: 
Where you fear no diseases but sickness and scurvy, 

Where the water stinks sweetly by way of a zest, 
Where you walk on your legs, when you're not topsy-turvy, 

And where though you sleep soundly, you're never at rest! 
Then push round the can ; oh ! you have not a notion, 

Of Sailors, their Grog, and their Sweethearts, and Wives: 
Ah ! give me, my soul, the tight Lads of the Ocean, 

Who, though they're so wretched, lead such happy lives. 

II. 
Then you're always of Billows and Winds in the middle, 

That so dash, and so whistle, and bodder your ears. 
And play a duet with the Tar's song and fiddle, 

So sweetly that sounds and that nobody hears: 
Then to see the tight Lads, how they laugh at a stranger, 

Who fears Billows can drown, and nine-pounders can kill, 
For you're safe sure enough, were you not in such danger, 

And might loll at your ease, if you could but sit stilL 

Then push round the can, &c. 
III. 
What of perils that, always the same, are so various, 

And through shot holes and leaks leave wide open death's doo* f 
Devil a risk's in a Battle, wcr't not so precarious, 

Storms were all gig and fun, but for Breakers and Shores ! 
In short, a Tar's life, you may say dat I told it, 

Who leaves quiet and peace, foreign Countries to roaia/j 
Is, of all other lives, I'll be bound to uphold it, 

The best life in the world, next to staying at home. 

Then push rouzid the can ? &c. 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

( June 'July. ) 
RETROSPECTIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS. 

T^TEVER did the Athenians, in the most anxious moments of their Warfere 
against Philip, look for NEWS with more ep.ger expectation, than onr Coun- 
trymen have done during the whole of the last mouth : and as the Wind has 
latcK been favourable, their irritation has proportionally increased. Yet still 



64 NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YE.-Vtt, 1805. 

we can only at present hear, that our dastardly and vaunting Enemies have per- 
formed the same manoeuvres with their Fleet which they formerly were so no- 
torious for doing with their Army : 

" The King of France with forty thousand Men 
March'd up the Hill ! and then march'd down again." 

The following is a brief account of the Proceedings of Lord Nelson : 

Captain Bettesworth, of the Curieux Sloop of War, arrived at the Admiralty 
with Dispatches from Lord Kelson on the morning of July the ninth, about two. 
His Lordship, with the Fleet under his Command, reached Barbadoes on the 4th of 
June, having made the Voyage from Lagos Bay in 25 days. All his Crews wer 
in health, and in the highest stale of discipline. The Curieux did not leave him 
till the 13th. The French Fleet had previously quitted Martinique for the 
northward ; and his Lordship, on that day, was pursuing them, upon good in- 
formation as to their track. So exact, indeed, was his intelligence, that he told 
Captain Betlesworth, who would of course oul-siil him when dismissed with the 
Dispatches, what course of steering would give him a sight of the Enemy, before 
his finally standing for Europe. Captain Bettesworth, by following his in- 
structions, did accordingly see them. This was on the 20th lift. They weie 
then seventeen Snil of the Line, sailing badly. Lord Nelson had ten Sail in per- 
fect condition, and Captain Bettesworth supposed his Lordship to be then not 
more than a day and a hall" behind them. The Enemy had lost three thousand 
Men by sickness. 

Thus this vast Fleet, after escaping from their own Ports, and reaching the 
West Indian Seas, arc returning to Europe. For this purpose they were endea- 
vouring to cross the Trade Winds, that they might return by an unusual course, 
and have some chance of escaping Lord Nelson. But his Lordship was well 
aware of this, and followed in the same track. 

Lord Nelson was only twenty-four hours in watering his Fleet at Barbadoes. 
He had been to Trinidad and Grenada. 

It was in latitude 32? 12' N. and longitude 58 P W. that the Curieux saw the 
Enemy. 

The seamanlike manner in which the Curieux, Captain Bctresworth, came t 
an anchor, and furled her sails, when she arrived in the Sound from the West 
Indies,, was very gratifying to a number of Nautical Spectators on the Hoe, as the 
time taken by this well disciplined Ship's Company, from going aloft to furl and 
trim the sails, was only three minutes and a half before they were all snug, and 
the Men again on deck. The Curieux fought a gallant Action in the West 
Indies, in which Captain Bettesworth was severely wounded. One of the Neu- 
trals detained by the Lord Nelson, was chased last Sunday morning by a long 
French Ro\v-boat Privateer, rowing sixty oarsj but she escaped, and arrived 
safe here. 

All due diligence has been employed by the Admiralty, acting upon the in- 
formation received by the Curieux, to bar the return of the Enemy to any of 
their Ports in the Ocean. Admiral Sir Robert Calder has been reinforced orF 
Ferrol, by the Windsor Castle and Barfleur, of 98 ^uns ; and the Triumph, Rai- 
sonable, and Warrior, of 74 guns each. The Squadrons cruising offRochefort 
and Cadiz have also been reinforced. 

Lord Seaforth, Governor of Barbadoes, in his letters to Government, states 
that a great mortality had prevailed on board the French Ships, in consequence 
f their crowded state ; and to this circumstance is imputed their delay at Mar- 



NATAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1S05. 65 

finique. The Flag Officers are a Spanish Admiral and a French Vice and a Rear 
Admiral. On the 22d of May they had stationed four Frigates at St. Pierre ; 
liad they been a fortnight later, a large Coavoy would have i>c~;i assembled at 
Tortola in an unprotected Harbour. General P.evobt had on the 20th withdrawn 
all his Forces from Roseau, ike., and concentrated them at Priuce Rupert's, 
where he had collected abundant Stores. 

On Wednesday, July 10, His Majesty's Sloop Orestes, Captain T. Browne, 
cruising on the French Coast between Dunkirk and Gravelines, got on Shore on 
one of the numerous Banks on that Coast : to prevent her failing into the Ene- 
my's Possession, after every endeavour was made to get her off, without effect, 
she was set on fire and ,-ulu-ely destroyed. The Captain, OiTlcers, and Crew, we 
are happy to inform, were ail saved by the Boats of the different Cruisers, and 
since arrived in the Downs. 

Parliament was prorogued by Commission July 12, to Thursday the 22d of 
August, on which occasion the Lord Chancellor read a short Speech, a substitute 
for that usually delivered by the King in person. The following part, though it 
affords but little information respecting our Continental Negociation, breathes the 
spirit of Peace, supported by an independent and unsubdued Resolution : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, 

" His Majesty has not yet been enabled to communicate to you the result of 
the Negotiations in which he is engaged with Powers on the Continent ; but you 
may rest assured that no step will be omitted on His Majesty's part, for promoting 
such a concert as may afford the best prospect of restoring; general and permanent 
tranquillity ; or may, if necessary, furnish the means of repelling with vigour the 
continued encroachments on the part of the French Government, which threaten 
every day, more and more, the Liberty and Independence of all the Nations of 
Europe." 

The following Ships attend their Majesties and the Royal Family, during their 
residence at Weymouth, viz. the Diamond and Chiffonne Frigates, Defender and 
Safeguard Gun-brigs, with the Liberty and Viper Luggers. 

The Commission given to the Captain of le Vaillant, Prize to la Loire, is signed 
by the Corsican Emperor, and runs as follows : 

' We, by the grace of God, Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, &c. &c. &c. 
to Captain ' ' , greeting," and then goes on in the usual form. 

This Officer is a Capitaine de Vaisseau, but commands the above Privateer a 
circumstance very common in 1759 like Commodore Thuror, when he com- 
manded three private Ships of \Var on the Coast of Ireland, and was captured by 
Captain Elliott, which were fitted out by Dunkirk Merchants. 

It has been incorrectly slated, that Captain Maurice, and a party of Soldiers, 
commanded the Diamond Rock, at the entrance of Martinique. The gallant 
Commander was Captain Maurice, of the Navy, and the Rock was defended by 
the same number of Seamen as is on board a Sloop of War. Captain M. was 
First Lieutenant to Sir Samuel Hood. 

Our Naval Service is much indebted to Captain Cowan, for the invention of a 
dexterous mode of reefing all the sails of a Ship : by this plan, now generally 
adopting through the Navy, the main-sail of a first-rate Ship is reefed by two Men 
n the yard with more facility than when forty were employed to effect it. 

Trom Xantuckct, May KO, 1805. The following article was found in a junfc- 
boUle, taken up at the southward of the Vineyard, by one of the Pilot-boats on 
the 9th instant. The Lettle in which it was found was ballasted with six ounces 

on, GHoI.XIV. s. 



NATAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

of lead balls, and had a staff made fast to it, with a piece of silk handkerchief put 
through as a Flag : 

" French National Ship Silence, April 10, 1805. 

" One of His Britannic Majesty's Subjects, confined as a Prisoner on board 
this Ship, embraces this mode of communicating information to his Comiirvinen 
(being the only means left in his power), hoping that it may prove succcs.-!ul. 
If it should even fall into the hands of any of our American well-wishers, they no 
doubt will make it public, that a valuable Spanish Ship, with an immense quantity 
of specie, boim<i~to Cadiz, would leave the Havana about rbe 1st of this month. 
Such a Prize is certainly worthy the attention of any oi His Majesty's Ships on 
this Station looking after. The Spanish Vessel's force is only 16 guns, and but 
indifferently equipped. 

" THOMAS BURKE." 

The Fleet in the Texel is extremely ill manned, and badly victualled, but ri- 
gidly disciplined. To give an idea of their Seamen, and the shifts they have 
recourse to for procuring them, it is only necessary to state the followim, irum- 
stanre : The poor, innocent, and oppressed inhabitants of Switzerland, ,i.-.prived 
of the means of subsistence in their owii Country, have IK !-it o'f 

emigrating by the way of Holland, with a view of fni-iiii:j r>.iij>ping for America. 
Several hundreds of these unfortunate People having reached Amsterdam, were 
reported to the Police, who gave orders for their detention till the General in 
Chief should signify his pleasure on the subject of their quitting Holland. His 
Excellency ordered those capable of serving in the Xavy, to be conveyed on 
board some Dutch Men of War fitting out in the Texel, and their Families to be 
provided with Passports to return and >;nrve in their Native Country ! 

The Spanish Ship the St. Michael, from Lima, is arrived in one of the Spanish 
Ports, bavins; on board 200,000 piasters on account of the Spanish Government, 
and 470,000 for the Merchants, with a Cargo of cocoa and other valuable mer- 
chandizes. This Vessel fell in with the second Rochefort Squadron, and from it 
learnt, that Hostilities had commenced between Spain and England. 

The Spaniards, who have been taken Prisoners in different Siiips, express them- 
selves in terms of great warmth against the English ; and scruple not to assert the 
most palpable falsehoods. A Correspondent informs us, that Lord Cochrane 
rendered himself very obnoxious to them, by putting their consecrated candle- 
sticks on the heads of his masts. The anecdote respecting that Officer's Liberality 
was not entirely correct : something w as returned to the Spaniards, but notliiiig 
equal to what has been imagined. 

Cadiz, May 19. 

A Passenger just arrived here from the Isle of France, which he quitted on 
the ninth of March, on board an Austrian Vessel, has brought the following 
intelligence : 

Rear-Admiral Linois has captured thirty-five of the Enemy's Merchantmen ; 
ten of which, richly laden, belonged to the East India Company : he was 
also preparing to make further Attacks upon the English Commerce in the East 
Indies. 

INQUISITION. 

On the 27th of May, R. Callaway, Esq. held an inquisition on the body of 
Wnnnnel 1'orlello, a Spanish Prisoner, on board the San Damaso, a Prison Ship, 
HI Portsmouth Harbour, who died in consequence of a stab with a knife in his 
li ft thigh. It appeared upon the examination, which lasted six hours, that lh 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805* 67 

deceased was discovered by the Spanish Surgeon, in the orlop-deck, weltering iu. 
his blood; from 'he loss of which he was so exhausted, that he could not be under- 
stood : that Uie knife was found several yards from where he lay; without any 
traces of blood to the spot, which must have been the case had he inflicted the 
WOUIK! on hmisL'li': and that lie had been gambling with another Prisoner, who 
underwent a strict examination. The Jury upon these, and other strong collateral 
circumstances, returned a verdict of Wilfully stabbed by some Person or Persons 
unknown. 

AN ABSTRACT OF THE BRITISH EFFICIENT NAVAL FORCE. 

[Corrected to the 20th of July, 1805.] 

(To be continued occasionally.) 

ENGLISH AND IRISH CHANNELS. 

Kate. Ships. Guns. Commanders. 

-inr. V Rear-Admiral Earl 01' Northesk. 

1 Britannia 1 00 , , , 

I Captain diaries Bulbil. 

2 Barfienr 98 George .Martin. 

3 Coura<:;eux 74 Richard Lee. 

Diadem 64 Charles Grant. 

i7 3n < Hear- Admiral Sir Thomas Graves, K.B. 

Foudroyant 80 J Capfain p puget 

.2 Glory . . 98 5 Jfcr-Adnil Cliarlcs Stirling. 

^ Captain aainuel vvarren. 
f Admiral Lord Gardner. 

1 Hibernia 110 } l.st Captain, Rear-Admiral E. Thornborough. 

(2d do. William Bedford. 

S Impetueux 80 Captain i'i.omas Byam Martin. 

Defence 74 George Hope. 

CJPS >r 80 Sir II. J. Strachan, Bart. 

Agamemnon,.... 64 Jo'in Harvey. 

Goliath 74 Robert Barton. 

Montagu 74 

9 Neptune -. 98 T. F. Freemantle. 

Prince 98 Richard Grindall. 

Prince Lcui ge 98 George Losack. 

Princess Koyal 98 Richard Car. Reynold!. 

3 Princess of Orange 74 Thomas Rogers. 

Plantagenet 74 William Bradley. 

Polyphemus 64 Robert Rcdmill. 

Revenge 74 Robert Moorsom. 

Repulse 74 Hon. A. K. Legge. 

Raisonable 64 Peter Hunt. 

2 Temeraire 98 Eliab Harvey. 

3 Thuuderer 74 William Lechmere. 

Triumph 74 Henry Inman. 

("Admiral Honourable William Cornwalli*. 

1 Ville de Paris 110 < 1st Captain, Vice-Admiral C. E. Nugent. 

( 2d do. John Whitiiy. 
3 Warrior 74 Captain Samuel Hood Lmzee. 

2 Windsor Castle . ., 98 Charles Boyles. 

3 Zealous 74 John Oak es Hardy. 

Total, 30 Sail of the Line, (including 11 three-deckers,) which compose the 
Blockading Fleet off Brest, under Admi-v.l Coinwalhs ; that off Rochefort im-ler 
Rear-Ad inn al Sir Thomas Graves; and those on the Irish Station under Admiral 
Lord Gardner. Respectiug any particular Ship or Ships, it is to be underMood 
(once for all) that each returns to Port to refit or take in Stores, as may be 
wanting, while their temporary absence is for the most part filled by some 
who may have been previously supplied. 



68 



NAVAL mSTORY Ot THE PRESENT TEAR; 1805. 



IN PORT AND FITTING. 

Hate. Ship*. GM>>.?. Commanders. 

5 Audacions ............. 74 Captain John Law-ford. 

Captain ............... 74 - G. II Stephens. 

Dictator ............... 6-1 - James M'Namara. 

Monarch .............. 74 - J. C. Scarle. 

Orion ................. 74 - E. Codringloii. 

Ruby ................. 64 - Charles Row ley. 

4 Dolphin (Store-ship) .... 44 -- Isaac Ferrieres. 

H'!-:;lus ............... 44 - C. Worsley Boys. 

Serap'.s (Store-ship) ..... 44 - - - - 

Woolwich do ...... 44 - Francis Beaufort. 

1" Royal Sovereign ........ 100 - Mark Robinson. 

'3 Saturn ................ 74 - Lord Amehus Beaucierc. 

Bellona ............... 74 < - D. Pater. 

DOWNS AND NORTH SEA FLEETS. 

3 Elephant ........... . .. 74 Captain George Dundas. 

Majestic ............... 74 - Joseph Harwell. 

Nanuir ............... 74 -- L. W. Halsted. 

Ci A1 , ... $ Admiral Lord Keith. 

Stl AIbans ............. 6 -* I Captain John Temple. 

Stately . . .' ............. 64 - George Parker. 

- . \ Vice- Admiral John Holloway. 

Jtrecht ............... 64 I Captam Thomas Seccombe. 

4 Adamant ............ . . 50 -- George Burlton. 

Antelope .............. 50 - Robert Plampin, 

Diomede .............. 50 -- Hugh Downman. 

rr . C Rear- Admiral Billv Douglas. 
Lc P ard ............... 50 \ Captnin Richard Raggett. 

Trust j . ............... 50 - - - 

Camel ; ............... . 44 - ; Thomas Gar^h. 

Rear-Admiral T. M. Russel has his Flag in one of the larger Ships cruising off 
the Texel ; Rear-Admiral Douglas is employed watching the Flotilla at Boulogne; 
and Lord Keith, with Vice-Admiral Holloway, are stationed in thd Downs. Jt it 
expected the J\amur will be dispatched on other Service. 

GUARD-SHIPS. 



4 Gorgon ...... . ......... 44 

-n i tir ii- or. 

3 Rova ! William ......... 80 

Puissant ... ........... 74 

1 Salvador del Mundi ..... 112 

3 Texel ................. 64 

4 Roebuck .......... t... 44 

Tromp ................ 50 

3 Zealand ............... 64 



Captain Wilkinson. River Shannon. 

Admiral Montagu. ) c -., , 
, ,. r b . ,. \ Spithead. 
Captain Wamwnght. J ' 

Captain Irwin. Spithead. 
Vice- Admiral Young. Plymouth. 
Captain D. Campbell. Leith Road. 
Rear-Admiral Vashon. do. 
Captain Norway. Falmouth. 
Rear-Ad miral Rowley. Xore. 



COASTS OF SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. 



. _ 
1 San Josef ......... ' ' ' ' J12 

3 Malta ..... . .......... 80 

Ajax ................. 74 

Defiance .............. 74 

Dragon ............... 74 

Hero ................. 74 

i T> /-iii- i <-,r, 

3P ' 



Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Cotton. 
Captam T. R. Rieketts. 

- Captain FA! ward Buller. 
-- William Brown. 

- P.C.Durham. 

- Edward Griffith. 

- Hon. A. H. Gardner. 
Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Calder, 
CHJ..UIH William Cummiiijj. 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. G9 

Kate. Ships. Guns. Commanders. 

3 Tonnant ............... 80 Captain Charles Tyler. 

Ramillies .............. 74 -- Francis Pickmore. 

Terrible ............... 74 -- Lord Henry Paulett. 

2 Queen ................ 98 - Francis Fender. 

WITH VICE-ADMTRAL COLLINGWOOD. 

TV j t .. no C Vice-Admiral Collinswood. 

Dreadnought .......... 9o < r, . r , , TI ^ 

I Captain Edward Rotheram. 

;> Achille ............... 74 - Richard King. 

Bellerophoii ............ 74 - John Cooke (1st). 

Colossus ............... 74 - J. N. Morris. 

Illustrious ............. 74 - William Shield. 

Mars .................. 74 . - George Duff. 

Minotaur .............. 74 - J. C. M. Mansfield. 

IN THE MEDITERRANEAN. 

3 Leviathan ............. 74 Captain PI. W. Bayntutn. 

4 Madras, Prison and Guard ) e/ , n -\r o i u 

Shi? at Malta ........ 50 - C ' M ' Schomberg. 

5 Guerner, Prison Ship at ? _, . ^ . , . , , , ,- . ,. 

ibraltar ......... . 4 Rear '^ dmlral J nn Anight. 



Gibraltar 

N.B. It is not certain whether the Canopus, of 80 guns, is on this Station, or 
with Lord Viscount Nelson : if the latter has 10 Sail of the Line, Rear-AdmiraJl 
Louis, in that Ship, is with him. 

HOSPITAL AND PRISON SHIPg. 

2 Sandwich, P.S .......... 90 Lieut. E. Hungerford. 

Sussex, H.S ........ ..... 90 - R. Jewers. 

3 Argonaut, do ........... 64 - James James, 

Caton, do .............. 64 - W. Brett. 

Prince Frederick, do ..... 64 - S. Gordon. 

4 Experiment, do ......... 44 - Robert Yule. 

3 Puissant Sheer Hulk ..... 74 - John Irwin. 

Genereux, P.S .......... 74 - William Lauyon. 

Pegase, do ............. 74 - Crouch. 

Royal Oak, do .......... 74 - S. Licldle. 

San Nicholas, do ........ 74 - William Snow. 

San Damaso, do ........ 74 - Thomas Thompson. 

San Ysidro, do .......... 74 - G. J. Becourdeux (1st). 

Sultan, do .............. 74 - A. M'Leod. 

Bienfaisant, do ......... 64 - r Brown. 

Buckingham, do ......... 64 - J. Matson. 

Europe, do .......... ... 64 - William Styles. 

HALIFAX ANB AMERICA. 



Leander .... 50 



^^-Adrniral Sir Andrew MitchelJ. 
Captain John Talbet. 



NEATFOUNDLAND. 

-Q < Vice-Admiral Sir Erasmus Gower. 
^ Captain J. A. Ommaney. 



LEEWARD ISLANDS. 



3 Northumberland.. 74 JRear-Admiral Hon A. Cochrane. 

Captain George lobm. 
Spartiate .............. 74 - Sir Francis Laforey, Bart. 



70 NATAL HISTORY OF TIIE PRESENT YEAR, 1805, 

JAMAICA STATION. 

Pate. Ships. Guns. Commanders. 

2 S*. GT.TVO 98 Captain Hon. Michel de Courcy. 



74 



Vanguard 74 Andrew F. Evans. 

rp, . C Rear-Admiral J. R. Dacres. 

Theseus 74 lca,>tain / 

Centaur 74 Murray Maxwell. 

Atlas 74 Samuel Pym. 

Veteran 64 J. N. Newman. 

Eagle 74 . David Colby. 

Agmcourt 64 < Thomas Brigs. Under orders for 

the West Indies. 

WITH LORD NELSON, IN PURSUIT OF COMBINED FLEETS. 

f Vice-Admiral Lord Nelson. 

1 Victory 100 < 1st Captain, Rear-Admiral George Murray. 

( 2d do. T. M. Hardy. 
on S Rear-Admiral T. Louis. 

8 Can P us 80 \ Captain F. W. Austen. 

Donnegal 80 Pultney Malcolm. 

Tigre 80 Benjamin Hallowcll. 

Belleisle 74 William Hargood. 

Conqueror 74 Israel Pellcw. 

Excellent 74 Frank Sotheron. 

Spencer 74 Hon. R. Stopibrd. 

Superb 74 R. Goodwin Keates. 

Swiftsure 74 John Stuart. 

Malabar . . . . ^ 50 Robert Hall. On her Passage with 

Dispatches for Lord Nelson. 

EAST INDIES, AND O3T TJJEIR PASSAGE. 

$ Albion 74 Captain John Ferrier. 

-, . 5 Rear- Admiral Sir T. Troubridge. 

Elenhe.m 74 I Captain Austin Bissell. 

Rtissel ; 74 Robert Williams. 

Lancaster 64 William Fothcrgill. 

T . , .. 5 Vice- Admiral Peter Rainier. 

I Captain Thomas Surridge. 

ri ii j nt \ Rear- Admiral Sir Edward Pellew. 

Cullodeu ' ' 74> I Captain Christopher Cole. 

Sceptre 74 Joseph Bingham. 

Tremendous 74 John Osborn. 

Atheniene 64 Francis Fayerman. 

4 Grampus 50 T. G. Caulneld. 

Hmdostan 50 Alexander Fraser. 

Sheerness 44 " " Lord George Stuart. 

3 BelUqueux.-. . . , 64 George Byng. Under Orders for 

that Station with Convoy. 

W1TII SEALED ORDERS FOR A FOREIGN STATION. 

4 Calcutta 50 Captain- Daniel Woodroffe. 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 71 

REPAIRING. 

One Second Rate, the London, of 98 ; fourteen Third Rates; viz. Pompee and 
Gibraltar, of 30 ; Brunswick, Edgar, Ganges, Hector, Powerful, Robust, and San 
Antonio, of 74; Africa, Holstein, Intrepid, Lion, and Standard, of 64; and one 
Fifth Rate, Charon, of 44 guns: Total, 16. 

UNDER ORDERS TO REPAIR. 

One Second Rate, the Formidable, of 98 ; thirteen of Third Rates, Alcide, 
Alfred, Canada, Carnatic, Re-solution, Kent, Renown, and Vengeance, of 74; one 
of 80, the SansPareil; the Ardent, Leyden, Monmouth, and Inflexible, of 64; 
fire Fourth Rates, the Beschermu, Batavia, Centurion, and Glatton, of 50, with 
the Chichester, of 44 guns : Total, 19 Ships. 

Rear- Admiral Sir Richard Bickerton has his Flag flying in one of the Ships on the 
CWst <>/' ^I'fiitt, but in which is not yet generally known. His late Ship, the 
Royal Sovereign, arrived without him, and is now in Portsmouth Harbour. 

In addition to the fourteen Sail of the Line, the names of which are given in our 
former Statement, (vide NAVAL CHRONICLE, Vol. XIII, page 367), as building, 
there are nine cf/im, not named ; as per T ctlcr of the jV<rn'>/ Uoird to the Admiralty, 
fif the 3ist of January last, (vide NAVAL CHRONICLE, Vol. XIII, page 490, and 
Postscript, page 492), making in the whole twenty-three Sail of the Line now 
building. 

F. F. Upper Clapton. 



on 

Copied verbatim from the -LONDON GAZETTE. 
[Continued from Vol. XIII, page 503.] 

ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, JULY 6, 1805. 

Copy of a Letter from Rear-Admiral Drury, to William Narsden, Esq. ; dated on 

board the Trent, in Cork Harbour, the 29th June, 1005. 
SIR, 

r jr < HIS morning arrived here His Majesty's Ship Loire, bringing with her the 
-^ Valiant, a formidable French Privateer, -winch she captured lour days ago, 
as related in Captain Maitlaud's letter, herewith enclosed, for the information of 
y Lords Commissioner!) of the Admiralty. 

I am, &c. 

W. O'BRIEN DRURY. 

SIR, His Majesty's Ship Loire, at Sea, June 25, 1805. 

I hiivc much pleasure in announcing to you the Capture of the Valiant of 
Bourdeaux, a Frigate Privateer, carrying thirty guns and 240 Men, by His Ma- 
jesty's Ship under my Command, in 1st. 49 deg. 30 min. and long. 16 deg. 20 
min. alter a very hard Chase of twelve hoars ; when nearly within gun-shot, t!ia 
Melampus and Brilliant hove in sight on the weather-bow, which obliged her to 
bear up, and threw her into our hands aLout two hours sooner than she otherwise 
would have been. She is reckoned one of the most complete Ships ever fitted out 
at Bourdeaux, and is perfectly calculated to be taken into His Majesty's Service J 
a;!b incomparably fast, carries twenty-four eighteen-poundcrs on lur main-deck, 
and six sixes (-which she threw overboard in the Chase,) on her quarter-deck. 
The Valiant had been twenty days from Bourdeaux, was victualled and stored for 
a tour months' Cruise : the only Capture she has made is the Lord Charles Spen- 
cer, Halifax Packet. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 
T Rear-Ajmiral Drury, c?-c. &c. Ac. FRED. MAITLAND. 



74 NAVAL HISTORY OF THE FRE5ENT YEAR, 1805. 

Copy of a Letter from Captain Dashwoud, of His Majesty's Ship the Bacchante, t9 
William Marsden, Esq. ; dated off the Havana, the 19i/i May, 1805. 

SIR, 

T transmit you a copy of a letter which I have written to Rear-Admiral Dacrcs, 
Commander in Chief, giving; an account of my having captured, on the 14th in- 
stant, the Spanish Letter of Marque Schooner le Felix, Francisco Lopes, Master. 
I have the honour to be, ccc. 

C. DASHWOOD. 

SIR, Bacchante, off the Havana, May 14, 1805. 

1 beg to acquaint you, that the Spanish Schooner le Felix, a Letter of Marque, 
pierced for ten guns, hut only six mounted, with a complement of forty-two Men, 
commanded by Francisco Lopes, laden with coffee and bees wax, Iroin the Ha- 
vana to Vera Cruz, was this day captured by His Majesty's Ship under my Com- 
mand, after a Chase of four hours. 

She sailed the preceding evening, and was permitted to do so from her very 
great superiority o! sailing, and is the first Vessel that has quitted that anchorage 
since the Embargo was laid on. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

C. DASHWOOD. 
Rear-Admiral Dacres, Jamaica. 

JULY 13, 1805. 

Copies of Three Letters from Rear-Admiral Dacrcs, Commander in Chief of His 
Majesty's Ships and Vessels at Jamaica, to William Marsden, Esq. 

SIR, Hcrcule, Port Royal, April 21, 1805. 

Herewith you will receive the copy of a letter transmitted to me .by Mr. 
Smith, Midshipman of the Hcrcule, commanding the Schooner Gracieuse, Tender 
to my Flag, giving an account of the destruction of a French National Schooner 
that had just sailed from Sant'j Domingo. 

I am, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

SIH, His Majesty's Schooner Gracieuse, 11th April, 1805. 

1 beg leave to inform you, at one P. M. on the 9th instant, I fell in with and 
captured a large Spanish Schooner, from St. Domingo to Porto Rico with Passen- 
gers. At six A.M. saw a strange Sail to the Eastward. She proved to be a Sloop 
under French Colours. I chased her, firing several Shots at her, within gun-shot 
of the Forts of St. Domingo. Finding it impossible to take her, I gave Chase to 
a Brig to the Westward. She proved to be an American. At half past four, 
saw a Schooner standing out of St. Domingo, steering direct for us. I was in- 
formed by the Spaniards on board that she was a French National Schooner. I 
immediately hauled out with my Prize, that I might have Sea room in case she 
attempted to retreat : this being accomplished, at eight shortened Sail and hove 
to, with the Prize under the Ice-quarter. At half past eight, the Schooner, wind- 
ward, edged down wijiin musket-shot, and opened a very heavy fire of musketry 
and great guns, which was immediately returned by the Gracieuse under my 
Command. At nine, he bore down with an intention of boarding, hut met with 
so warm a reception, that obliged him to haul bis Wind : he continued the En- 
gagement. At twenty minutes past nine made a second attempt to board. 
Finding it impossible, made all sail, firing his stern-chasers and musketry. At eleven 
he tacked, and stood in for the Land. I immediately opened a very heavy iire of 
grape anil cannister, with small arms, which continued till half past three A.M., 
at which time he run on Shore on Point Vizoa. Finding tho reef all round him, I 
hove-to, within half a mile from the reef, until half past four: I then saw him 
.going along Siiors with his Sweeps ; made all sail in chase. At half past seven, 
observed him haul in for the Land. At a quarter past eight run him on Shore on 
Point de Selina, and landed his Crew oil' ihc bowsprit. I run ii>, and came to in 
four fathoms Water, with springs on the cable ; out Boat, and sent a Hawser oa 
boaiU him, with an intention, if possible, to get him off; but when I got on board, 
/roiu the number 01 shot holes between Wind and Water, he had completely 



XAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 73 

filled. He was as fine a Vessel of his class as ever I saw, and would have done 
for His "Majesty's Service. His force consisted in a beautiful long brass twelve- 
pound i'r, mounted on a circle in midships, which I have got on board ; two long 
brass four- pounders, and four brass swivels, three-pounders, with ninety-six Men, 
armed with small ams. Finding it impossible for the Boats to do any thing, 
from the heavy sun on the Beach, I continued here until morning, and sent the 
Boats at halt' past three A.M., under the Command of Messrs. Higgins and 
M'Gill, in order io take out the long gun, and destroy the Vessel, which was 
effectually completed by them. It is impossible to find words sufficient to ex- 
press the general good and gallant conduct of the Officers and Crew. I feel 
pleasure in informinu vou we have not a Man killed; the only Persons wounded 
were Mr. Robert Marley, Midshipman ; Thomas Knox and Joseph Ligo, Seamen, 
which deprived me of a truly brave Officer and Two Men ; having on board 
three sick and three wounded; an Officer of our Seamen on board the Prize. 
The number of the Enemy's killed and wounded is unknown, but must have 
been considerable, as I could plainly see them carrying the wounded in th 
bushes. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

J. R. Dacres, T.sq. Rear-Admiral T. B. SMITH. 

of the Ecd, &c. <|-c. rf-c. 

sin, Hercu.lt, at Sea, May 17, 1805. 

I hive the honour to enclose, for their Lordships' information, the copy of a 
letter I have received from Captain Woolsey, of His Majesty's Sloop Papillon, 
acquainting me of his having, by stratagem, caused one of the Felucca-rigged 
Privateers lo be captured, that annoy the Coast of the Island of Jamaica. 

I am, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

sin, Papillon, Savana la Mar, April 15, 1805. 

Having anchored at Savana la Mar, I gained intelligence from the Master of a 
Droger, that a Spanish Felucca-rigged Privateer was off the west end to the very 
great annoyance of the Coast ; and being very apprehensive she might make her 
escape should I go after her in the Papillon, I judged it best to try and take her 
by siraragem : I accordingly got one of the Merchant Ships' Shallops, and dis- 
patched Lieutenant Prieur, with twenty-five Men, disguising her as a Droger ; at 
eight, the samt evening, he fell in with the Privateer close under the Land ; 
Lieutenant Prieur, in a very cool and brave manner allowed her to row along- 
side, ami ina'vc herself fast before the Enemy discovered his mistake ; he then 
ordered the Men from below, fired a volley of musketry into her and boarded: 
and I am happy to inform you, in four minutes she was completely in our pos- 
session. She proves to be the Conception, Spanish Privateer, of one brass three- 
pounder and twentjrfive men, well armed and equipped, about twenty-five tons 
burthen, out five days from Manchoneal Harbour, in the Island of Cuba, and had 
made no C.,;-turos. 

The loss of tiie Enemy was considerable, having had seven Men killed and 
drowned, an-.! eight badly wounded: we, I am happy to say, had only two 
slightly wou;i"'i. d. Four of her Men swam on Shore, and have since been taken 
up by the Militu. The Prisoners I landed here, who were taken charge of by 
the Militia ; the wounded are in Hospital, with proper medical attendance. 

The conduct of Lieutenant Prieur and i\Ir. J. Christie, Purser, (who volunteered 
his' Services,) the Petty Officers and Men, on this occasion, I cannot too highly 
recomiiiend to your notice. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 
To Rear-Ad,,tir.d J. J?. Dacres, Commander WILLIAM WOOLSEY. 

in Chief, 4-c. $c. $c. 
SIB, Hercule, at Sea, May 17, 1805. 

I have the honour to enclose, for the information of the Lords Commissioners 
f the ArlmiralJy, the copy of a letter transmitted to me by the Honourable Cap- 
tain :Mu;ray, oi His Majesty's Ship Franchise, acquainting me of his having 
captured the lender of the" Dutch Frigate KUen Hasshler, which is lying in 
C'uracoa Harbour. 

I aro, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

). &ron. ttoI.XIV. i. 



74 v.vvAn Hi?TonY or THE FRESENT \UAR, 1805. 



ii's Sliip l'( Fi-nndt.gf, (ijj Curacsi, 
sin, ; '2.'i, 1 ().>. 

I hfivc- t!>e lionour to inform von, that on my arrival oft' the Town of this I-Ianil, 
on the ('{ a Schooner tp :e<'-^,r<l of u : on Main!.!)-.; lor 

, 'lie Fort of Port Man;i, and camnto :in aii'-hor ,'' : wft 
' ; and, afier about MH hour's firing a' I lie Fori HIIC! her, we Iiai! 
; to j^rt her out. She proved 1o he a Tender !' !l- IV'eh JM'i'r:; 1 ' 

H( Curncoti, ;rid romuiaiidfd hv a Lieutenant, witli thirfy- 
ni'v- four of which, with !h" Lieutenant HiidS-.n.i 
when ': -inn of, the former v, minded ; liie rt"! mane tii> 

' 'lore. \V r e have, tmfofttinAtrfy) OM". ^Ja;> MTV liiidiv \vonmlod, aud tir* 
; sume oi'owr rigging cut, hut not niHivriui!; d,r,. 

I haic t.h" lioKM'ir to lr 

- Richard Darren, Tf,j., P,enr- JOHN ,M(Mll{,\V. 

','/ ()/' the Ned, ComiMiufor in 
Chief, 4-c. 4-c. $c. 

Ccpi/ of a Letter from tie Honourable Rear* Admiral Cndimnc, Commander i 

of His Mqjatif$ Ships and I'c.<.<c.'s of f/ic l.eewnrd Islands, in \]">/l, 

J'.sq., dated on board His Mttfetty't ^hiji Xorthnmhcridtul, at i\in'budoti, tiu: -{ch 

of June, 1805. 

SIR, 

I herewith enclose yon, for the information of ll:e ^Lords Coramissioncrx of the 
Admiralty, a copy of two Letters . I have received from f!rii)taiii jVonrse, of Hit 
Majesty's Ship Barhadoes, and Captain C'rihh, of the Kingfisher, hav 
tured the French Schooner Privateer la T)-\sir6e, andSj>;nu-;h Privateer i 

lam, 6cc. ALEX. COCHIIAM!. 

His Majesty's Ship Barbndoes, at Sea, 

SIR, Afril 8, 1805. 

I beg leave to inform you, that His Majesty's Ship Uiirhadocs, under HIT 
Command, this day captured, in sight of the Island of Barbadocs, la Desire's 
French Privateer Schooner, of 14 guns, and 71 Men; out four flays fioia 
Guadaloupe, and had not made any Capture. She had the temerity, altir being 
decoyed -within Musket-shot, to re? urn the fire of several broadsides witk 
Musketry, by which she suffered in 7 Men killed and wounded. 
I have the honour to be, &.C. 

JOSEPH XOUHSK. 
To Hon. Eear-Adndral Cochrane, 
Commander in Chief, ijj-c. ^-c. 

His Mdjtstij's Sloop Kingffisher, off' Cape 

SIR, Ft. Juan, April 11, 1; 

Two Boats from the Ship under my Command, under the direction of Lientg. 
Stand ish and Smith, brought out from the anchorage of the above Cape the 
Damns Spanish Privateer, pierced for 4 guns, mounting only 1 eight-pounder, 
40 Muskets, with a Crew of 57 Men. Though the Crew made sonic resistance 
hoth from the Vessels and on Shere, I have the pleasure to add it was without 
loss. She was equipped ten days ago at Cumana, for a Cruise oiF Dcinerura, 
This is her first arid unsuccessful effort. I am, &cc. 

W. R. CU1BB, Commander. 
The Hon. Admiral Cechranc, Commander 
in Chief, cj-c. $c. <$c, 



Imperial parliament. 

HOUSE OF LORDS, MAY 24. 

rW*U E Lord Chancellor stated, that he had received a Letter from Earl St. Vincent, 
-"- which expressed his readiness to attend before the Scl> et r^iutmUoe of 
the Common?. A motion of the Lord Chancellor, respecting . &c. of 

examining J udge Fox, was deferred till Thursday, 

t 



3JAVAL HISTORY OP THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 75 

XAYAL AFFAIRS. 

Lord Darnley called tin? attention of' the Hov.se to tlie "N'aval Docu- 
ents on the Table, ;.n-l observe ', that what he had now to state would 
have no reference to any individual, but would be addressed to all who 
had the good of their Country at heart. The principal points upon which he 
should dwell, were tiie comparative merits of the. present and the late Board of 
Admiralty ; and to examine upon what grounds Ships unless as Men of War, had 
been put into Corn mission ; why a certain number ol' Ships had been built or re- 
paired in the Merchants' Yards preferably to the Kind's Yards, and which of the 
tivo places for building Ships of War were most useful to the Country. He then 
very pointedly animariyerted on the enormous expense the building and repairing 
the Ships of War in the .Merchants,' Yards had involved ; and said, that it amounted 
to somewhat more than 341. per ton. He next adverted to, and lamented the 
n;;ibcr of excellent Hand.s that had discharged themselves from the King's 
Yards i nee the present Admiralty was in power; a number sufficient to have 
completed all tL, .S Jps thr.t ot late had been promised, as he said would appear 
from the Papers 01 theTa! \c, and would have saved one third of the Money 
l it lind been expanded in the- Merchants' Yards. He concluded with paying 
K>me high compliments to Eari St. Vincent; censured the language which had 
been used against him in til:; other House, and at length moved for a Select Com- 

Cf to report upon the Pa,,i is. Amui:^ others h rn.T/ioned the folio 
Peers, as Members to lorm the Coiimntiee : the D: .! ice, the Marquis 

of Buckingham, Earls Foru-scue and Tankerville, LOI...S RuRiney ami K;;)g, &r. 

Lord Melville ably answered the different remarks of the Mover. He insisted 
that no Papers lijirt been objected to but >;v,! a-, could uot be produced on ac- 
count of their length, as one document aloiie would fill three folio Volumes. On 
the charges against the present Admiralty, of having brought up a number of 
useless snips, and budt and repaired Ships of \Var in the, Merchants' Yards, he 
reminded the Mover, that a Motion had been made respecting the want of small 
Ships, and the necessity oiimnifdiateiy providing them, as the fittest to coun- 
teractthe atlerapt- i,; \t\__- i.^'niy at Invasion, winch at that time seemed to be 
considered rs very serious and alarming. He found that such Ships would be 
u-i'.bly iifjes :.:y. 'i [io>e, however, that had been contracted for, would 
not be ready t.ii ;-, (ti&taiil period : it WHS therefore thought expedient to purchase 
some. Tiie amount in all of those purchased, built, and repaired, was no less 
than 176 Vessels ; almost double the number, formerly employe. i in the A'orth 
The expense was u!<out o M*,000l. The expense he never would regret, 
for in such a state oi i.'ie Country no mode of defence was mure necessary. These 
Ships are now cuiploveu ..i the North Seas as Convoys, and they have die ad- 
ditional advantage, thai they allow other Ships, fitter lor harder Service, to be 
employed elsewhere. If blumo was impotable to him, it would appear from the 
ni'-isMres he adapted 0:1 lirst curuhi.: to preside at the Admiralty Board. On 
enl-Tini: upon that Depart iiieat, he fell that his iirst duty was to attempt to re- 
Viore ilie British X.i\y. ii i.ccor.lni^ly t-xaiiuncd luto alt its branches, aud 
ordered an accurate Report to tjc i:iar!e of ail the Ships in Commission. He 
found that there were thea ; U .->;,ii>.s of the Line, \7 of which were for Home 
Service. Was that a state of the '\av\ such as was called for by the alarming 
situation ot the Country ? Ihat uumbrr ini^ht be adequate to the Force of the 
Enemy, who A i-e said Lo hi or (lie Line; not indeed all ready 

! .r Sea, but whicii might toon be not mu h mier;ur to them, as our Ships must 
be considerably worn do.vn ;,}i,-ra hard Service of ten years. With every en- 
deavour to increase the number, it still, liowcvv r, nearly remained the same 
after ten Months ; because wbat was ^.ddecl w;^ h'tle more than what could be 
a Substitute for those which there wu* not time to repair. This circumstance led 
him to further inquiry into the most effectual a;. HUS of keeping up tlie Navy. 
By wliich inquiry it u ir. u;-( si, that on the J.jth ol May, 1804, there were buii'd- 
ing only six Ships ot iti. v Line, \\liich were undertaken at different periods, but 
ome of which would not be rcacly till li>06, or ewii 1307. It further apj)eai~ed, 
that of these Ships \\lucii were to be rtu:y in 3i;;y, Itid-t, the Ktels hud not 
vet been laid down. Where the blame lay, it was uot for him to say; he only 
f uted the simple facts. He then made souie excellent remarks, to thow that hi? 



76 NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

conduct had been the same as that of Lords Sandwich, Chatham, Spencer, &c. 
from 1771 to 1801 ; asserted that no less than 120 Sad o; the Lino v.ould be 
found adequate to preserve all we had at stakd , and concluded wit 
that the Commissioners of the Naval Inquiry were hkcly to do more effectual 
Service than any Committee of their Lordships. 

Earl St. Vincent said a few words to show that ten Ships of the Line could be 
built every year in the King's Dock Yards. 

Lord Sidmouth contended that there were no grounds for the Committee ; aj 
did Lord Hawkesbury. 

Lord Holland spoke in favour of ;!ie Motion ; and on a division there were, 
Contents 33. Non-Contents 88. Majority against the Motion .V>. 

JUNE 5. Lord Barham took the Oaths and his Seat, on his creation to that 
Title : his Lordship was introduced by Lords Boston and Wood house. The Royal 
Assent by Commission (the Lord Chancellor, Lords Walsim liani and Auckland, 
sitting as Commissioners) was given to the Commission of Naval Inquiry Bill. 

HOUSE OF COMMONS, MAY 20. 

Mr. Creerey moved for an account of the Salaries of the Judge, Marshall, 
and other O/h'cers of the Court of Admiralty. ' The Motion was 
in consequence of Sir William Scott having explained that he derived no !- 
from silting in the Court of Appeal. 

Mr. Huskinson moved for accounts of sums remaining unn ;:d for 

the Service of the Navy in 1800. Ordered. 

MAY 23. Serjeant Best called the attention. of the House to the facts d. 
in the Eleventh Report of the Naval Commissioners, and spol.e ;:s to the ;>r.> 
of an inquiry previous to any ultimate decision. The tacts in this Rep 
in his mind, that some gross abuses had been committed, and that scarcely any 
Law had passed for the security of our Constitution on these points, which had 
not been violated. It therefore became highly necessary to aM-< naiii wi 
Loans can be raised from the People by the Ministers, without -hi c.o;isr>'; of 
Parliament, consistently with th principle* of the British Constitution ; '""cause 
scarcely a Session of Parliament j.iiss^s without votes enabling the Minister lo 
raise Loans upon Exchequer Bills; and if it be the Law of ihv ' 'hat 

Loans cannot be raised upon Exchequer Bills without that permission, it cannot 
be legal to issue Navy Bills for the purpose. He proceeded to qiu 
from different Writers on the Constitution; and asserted, that since the 
independently of the vast number of Navy Bills thai have been is- 1: <i 
>vay, namely, for Stores and actual Services ; and which becoming ehi 
of being paid off, were taken up by issuing other Navy Bills, as 
the practice at the Bank, no less a Sum than 4,300,0001. h tl;e 

issuing of Navy Bills ; and of this no communication was ever i.iaile io Par! a 
Commenting on other passages of the Report, he arraigned JMiiust.-r- 
violation of the Laws of the Country, in a misapplication of the 
and at length concluded with moving, " That a Select Committee be appointed to 
take into consideration the Eleventh Report." 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer expressed himself anxious for the proposed in- 
quiry, and intimated that the Mover was totally mistaken as to the subject on 
which he had descanted. He, however, suggested as an amendment, that one 
part of the Report should be referred to a Secret, and the other to a Seh'ct Com- 
mittee. He then entered upon a refutation of the charges which Mr. Best had 
made against Ministers, by showing that the Commissioners who had framed the 
Report had thought of no .such charges, and had only intimated that the schc:i:o 
principally alluded to in the Report was adopted with no direct view. He traced, 
in the clearest manner, the origin and purposes of Navy Lills, to tin- time, of the 
Revolution ; and after insisting that the purposes to which they had been applied 
were strictly Naval and regular, he moved 'that the application of an item of 
100,0001. be excluded from the investigation of the Select Committee. 



If AVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT TEAR, 1805. 77^ 

'Mr. Fox ma.ie some observations on the necessity of examining how far th 
taws had been complied with, and how far they had been sacrificed to public 
conven. nee. 

SIT i . S. Hammond observed, that the Navy Board had been accused of paying 
Bills a day sooner than they ought to have been paid. The mode pursued was 
exactly the same as had been followed from the beginning. It was consistent 
wii ! i t he ii .I'irrn practice. It was surprising to him that the Commissioners should 
Itav stated :ii;s matter in the manner they had. The Navy Board had taken 90 
days before they issued the Bills; so that instead of paying a day too soon, there 
.,'aiii 01 179 days, and half of a year's Interest saved by that credit, mak- 
ing it for six Months instead of three Months. There was a very considerable 
issue in 1797. to the amount of 7,000,0001. Fifteen per cent, was then paid ou 
the Bills, and t!ie same kept increasing till the Act passed ; in the year after 
which, ni)re than 1,000,0001. was saved to the Public. The Motion of Serjeant 
Best, with the amendment, was tlien agreed to. 

The Bill for improving the Port of London was read a third time and passed. 
MAY 27. Mr. Leyccfier brought up a Report from the Select Committee, relative 
to the Tenth Report of the Naval Commissioners, and moved that it be printed. 

Mr. Wkitbrcad immediately gave notice ofa Motion for the Impeachment of 
Lord Melville. This Motion it was his intention to follow up with certain Reso- 
lution- rejecting the conduct of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, on several ol' 
the transactions mentioned in that Report. He named Thursday se'nnight. 

MAY i>8. Sir C. Price obtained leave for a BUI to repeal that part of the Lon- 
don D">cks Act which grants to the Carmen of London the exclusive privilege of 
free Cartage on the Quays. 

Mr. /?. 5. Dundas, Son of Lord Melville, in consequence of Mr. Whitbread's 
Motion, intimated that he should move that his Lordship be heard in his defence 
on the day of the Impeachment. 

On the Motion of Sir W. Elfbrd, the Correspondence between Earl St. Vincent, 
the Comptroller of the Navy, and Lord Buckinghamshire, was referred to a 
Select Committee. 

SEAMEN. 

Sir John Borlase Warren presented a Petition for the Naval Asylum, praying 
for aid ; winch was ordered to be referred to a private Committee. 

PRIZE CAl'SE BILL. 
Sir IV. Scott moved the commitment of the Prize Courts' Bill. 

Sir C. Pole thought that this Bill would be attended with the most mis- 
chievous consequrnces. It was not for' the encourage- ;wnt of Seamen, but for 
the er.':our;i:: merit of Doctors Commons. He then 'went into the various parts 
of the Bill, and dwelt on the enormous expenses, the large fees charged, the 
inconvenience of having only one proctor for Captors, and the enormous income 
of that Proctor. It was mockery to call it a Bill for the Encouragement of 
Seamen. 

Mr. yLartin said the Hon. Bart, had spoken the sentiments of the Public. 

Sir J. Nicholl, at considerable length, replied. The principal points he in- 
sisted upon were, that expense was unavoidable, from the only mode in which 
evidence could be procured. The case that had been stated of a Proctor's Bill 
amounting to 140/. on the condemnation of a Spanish Pn::e worth 300,000/. did 
not appear to him at all extravHgant : but if a Proctor's Bill was in any instance 
excessive, there were methods of taxing it. 

After some farther conversation, in which Admiral Pole, Sir J. B. Warren, 
Admiral Markham, Sir W. Scott, and Dr. Lawrence, took part, the Bill was 
ordered to be re-committed. The Speaker then left the Chair, and the House 
went into a Committee for the re-committal of the Bill. 

Admiral Berkeley suggested the necessity of establishing an Office in London, 
sviuiv Stamen and their relations should be immediately informed as to th 



78 XATAL IJ^TOHV OF THE fK T.*E\ T YK*K, 1805. 

Prize Monty due to tlicm, If- t 1 . nace, that '.1 <rrc, 

should be a Board .s>cci..'.!iy t<> Mipcrhilen-.l i'. 

Mr. liw and tin- Chancellor o! iho (Arl^quer ar?<^d in the. necessity of * 
House- in London, for the ;> > : iciinnk u better that 

tfa Governor of Greenwich iid hive ,; tnent nd superin^ 

tendance of such Oi'h'ce. The Report was ordered to be received on Thursday. 
Adjo'imed to Thursday. 

MAY 30. Air. Jeffries (of pool) moved f, ; mi acrov.nl 1st, Of .the quantity 
of 1'oreisii Oak Timber |KMI::.!.I ;;>; tiie fr-cMcc of the ,\avy lsto-4" 

.'.vuiary to the l.'xii of .May, 18<!3. ---'.> :K , Of the quantity of Ki-; s iish Oak 
Timber admitted into Ilis !\Iu r '.-ty's Si ores, fr ' of .Tamwry, 1793, to 

the present lime, <ii'> h year. -."/. i;ps of the 

Line and Fijpites p;: ; ' '1 1st ofOetefljer, K-OI, ;md the- 2d of 

March, 1803: as, also, of the number of Ships '.y's Dock* 

diiriag the same period. These Motions rre -i.'v, raiiy put and carrieti. 

Mr. Wliit'iread stated, that -.ylien lie had given ivoiire of a Mi/iion arisiiiu' front 
the Ten'.h ll'.-jiort for T!mrs'l:i\ iu/xl, it \va:> <>:i the MI;>]V, iti m llnl the ll..-j;ort 
of the Select Couiinittce Pfligjil '-r.\\ , lu-ru jn-iile-i by i -!'.; da\ , and iiiat iMen 
wouk! consenoeBtly have siiiiicu-nt tim" to i ;;!: ir !ii'.o ronsideratjon. As he i>a* 
now informed that it could not be pnnto:! till Saturday, he was under the 
necessity of |> ..j>>)ii ;i^ Ins :\]<itioii. As he iny.lt rsiood Monday sc'jinight wouid 
not he u convenient day, he should now Hx Tuesday ye\.uight for the Motion 
of which lie had given notice. 

Mr. Pitt observed, that the Hon. Gentleman's ?,'0',;on <(>; i !:'d of t-.vo parts ~ T 
namely, the Impeachment <cif j^ord Melviie, and liu- Re.-oiiitions whic'i related 
to his (Mr. Pitt's) own conduct. lie expressed an f...me>t wi./n, that the 
Resolution:-, at leasl, should !^ bra : ; :;:>iy |)r<)ji';s< -d ; 

but after a short conversation, it \vas ;: >;;;(! lliut lii., ijnestion should stand fixed 
for Tuesday se'nnight 

JUNE 6. Sir C. Price brought up the Repc-rt of the Committee on the London 
Pocks. Resolutions for grantiii^: j.i.OOO/. to lir.ish li,. >i to. 

Mr. Host obtained leave to btin:; in a Jiill to encourage Seamen in the 
Coasting Trade. Adjourned. 

SIR JOHN THOMAS DUCKWORTH. 

JUNE 7. Col. Wood, pursuant to his notice, ruse, and moved fur the prorlnr- 
t'lOB of the proceedings of tlte Court j!;,i-U<ii lately held on \ 'n : \diinr;:! Sir ,f, 
T. Duckworth, with a copy o'fllu- m."i:.r,rh;l prtser.lcd by Cnpi. "\\'ood, lliv pro- 
secutor, and the cass and opinion made <a;t in behalf of ihe said Capt. Wood. 
He inferivd that the cviiience adduced cosnplesely proved the arbitrary pro- 
ceedings of Admiral Diu-liv e.ith, in li-; \ ti-o::i ilu? 
Comm;:nd of theAcasIa rn^-aie, <;ii^l tii;;i ihe ^dniiraj) hail :ii;li 
Article of War, in I,:; ?'ndies OT!H,I: Art:ch'> of 
Merchandize. Notwn- 'ins, the Admiiid l-.-.d lieen : ac- 
quitted, and the proseeut'.o. to be vcsatious, and wiibiv.:; h,uii'tati'in. 
It was, therefore, the. duly of the Moi!>e to interfere in sin b :; case. 

Mr. Dickcnson, SirW. I'.h'i.id, A 'tniral Msrkham, and (,'npt. H;;n T'-, ,. 
(l.-k'U'led the c!;:;r;.' L'-r of llie jN'ol,lc Admiral, who had done noiiung more ll 
M asj usual in the Service. 

Col. Woods-did, that as it appeared to ]ip the wish of the House that ' 
i;i:;tter should not be bronchi ioiA.ml ;U present, he should v. i: lidra-.v il, -Miii 
the intention of tr.liinu anoini-r ojipoi t:iui(\ nexl Sehsum u> 1-riii^ u uucier their 
consideration. The question \\as iheii pat, that the Motion be withdraw n x 
which was loudly negatived, without a dr. 

Juxs 10. Mr. Whitt>H.d moved fur several Papers connected with the ; 
of Lord Melville. 

JUNE 11. The Spcnh-r having stated that he bad received .1 Loiter from. 
Loid Melville, announcing his reii<iiucss to attend a*! be cjs.HUimed reiaUve '. 



NAVAL I::,T ;uv OF Tin-; Pnr*r.\T TEAK 1805. 



t!e Tenth Report, the S.'-ieaiiV at 7\Ia"<> wns dispatcher! to inform him that h 
might come in ; and on emcrin^, a (' : :d for him within the B;;r. 

Lord Meli-il!e herein i.- since the first agitation of the subject, 

lie had made every effort io o!Ha:,i :i hfanug, but without effect: that when 
called before the Cornniiss.iotte'rs o. . was \v!iolly unacquainted with 

the nature of the account ;hov }';>'" wd Ix'hvc.'u Messrs. Trotter and Coutts ; 
tii:it when he applied for an opportunity of nmk ing fuller explanations, he wait 
'o.'l, llv.t ill '.'! Rsport was i>efo;v Piirliair.enf, and they did not think it 
necessary to alter w!;a; they had done. When lite discussioil crime on, whether 

Ererinus inquiry si, -j;.!d he" instituted before Rt'.wlmior.s were adopted against. 
ini, he hoped that ;i Commit:-.-;' \\<,c,\ \ be appointed, au:l th:-.t he mightbe lieurd 
l>efore them; hut hi this he was d.s;:ppomtrd from ' difficulty which aross 
in the othrtr Honsfl : trad that at !:"u:ui i't-iug permitted to explain himself in his 
. he came under sudi r^Mric'.io-.is as wOaia not ailovv him lo 
vnter upon liis defence, lit', houcver, bf<*::c>l to make some preliminary re- 
marks; and he be^au bv sule;;i;>.ly pro ! .e:.'ii)t; th;;t the ill-solutions of the House 
which stated that he had connived at the violation of the Act of the 25'h of the 
King, were erroneous. He never had any knowI-.-d^i.- of Mr. Trotter's investing 
any Xavy Money in the Stocks, of his di .icoiintina; Bills with it, of his turning it 
to purposes of private advantage, and that if any such practice had existence, 
it was altogether without his privity or consent. He would therefore confidently 
assert, that the evidence of the on'iy two Persons, Mr. Trotter and Mr. Wilson, 
who could be supposed to be privy to the whole, does not contain one tittle, 
which could lay any foundation for this charge. With respect to the origin of 
his connexion wiih Mf. Trotter !if spoke as follows : " When I first came into 
the JVavy OiTiee, I found Mr. Trotter, who was in'.roducrrl and recommended to 
me by Sir G. Elliott and Mr. Coutts, with the hitter of whom he had connexions 
in the way of business. I soon distinguished him for his uncommon activity and 
diligence. He was indefatigable in detecting and disclosing to me a variety of 
. '- before committed in withholding the pay of S'MM .im, and different emo- 
luments to which they are entitled. I encouraged and supported him in the 
prosecution of the Parties guHty of these tnal-practiccs. I was desirous of going 
larthcr, and, instead of conilnuig the protection of Government to the Sailors 
themselves, of extending it also to their Wives, Children, and Families. In my 
endeavours to effect this, Mr. Trotter niad; 1 himself so useful, in laying before 
me the best arranged plans for prociurhi.; i! e effect, that 1 thought him worth j 
of being trusted ; !:nd for his unwearied exertions, on the death of Mr. Douglas 
I promoted him to his late situation in the Ollkc ; and I &m even now ready to 
say of him, that, for a great length of years, no public Office could have beeft 
better conducted ; that during the whole of that time there was not a single 
instance of any stoppage or delay of payment to the Seunien, and that all the 
balances were fairly accounted for, and tvanstV-rred, without the loss of a single 
shilling to the Public. Ho received, it is true, an additional Salary ; but that I 
thought him fully ratified to, for his additional exertions." He then asserted, 
that on no OCCSMOII whatever had he authorized Mr. Trotter to draw money from 
ihe Hank for his own private cra'olunsfiit, and that there is not the smallest 
evidence to support the charge ; that he only allowed Mr. Trolter lo lodge monej 
nt private Bankers i'ur iir.il.ni'.; pr.ymen'is with facility. He added, that notwith- 
standing the restrictions he was under, he must say, that the assertions contained 
in the lleport are false, and in contradiction to the evidence winch was given. 
The Act tff the. -'5th of the Kinu, of which he allowed he had some knowledge, 
never intended io make a r^ular digest of Regulations for the Office of Treasurer 
of tht? Navy. Its true object was to r^'ruin Treasurers or Paymasters from 
retiring from Oince, as had frequently been done before, with large balar.r.;* 
unaccounted for. During (lie whole of his o\vn Administration, that Law was 
rigidly complied with ; and in retiring from Olriee, he has not been accused of 
retaining any balance whatever. lie observed, that the House should consider 
that, beyond the necessary controu! of the Treasurer, his Office is qciite dhriact 
from that of the Paymaster, and that of the Paymaster (ie,K-:a! not very much 
connected with those of other Persons employe:! in tlrtt (\< ;j?.itm-.-:it. A great. 
4<?al tf Hioaey iaust pa** through the hands f \iiie\ .'. ^ai-tc 



80 JTAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

of tbe Country whore the demands are made. In the Month of January lasf/ 
the Pay Office was kept open for a Ions; time, to make good sunil demands-; 
and there were 6,802 payments made in "different Sinns, from 31. or 41. so low as 
4s. 6d., and many ot' them even to a smaller amount, to supply such Sums as 
different Sailors were entitled to. It must, therefore, he obvious, that to answer 
such numerous demands, it is necessary to have always a very lar^r SUM, either in 
the Iron Chest of the Office, or at .-.onie convenient Banker's, as it would he endless 
to pay them al 1 by drafts on the Bank of England, specify ing the aame of the 
Persons in whose favour they u ere drawn. He therefore thought it but fair and 
reasonable that the Paymaster should derive some advantage from the money 
placed in the hands of the private Hanker, on the mere 'principle of mutual ac- 
commodation : the practice was not peculiar to his Administration ; but had 
be"n continued two years after lie reigned ; and he would contend that it was 

f-efenible to leaving the money in the Bank in the hands of sub-accomiuuits. 
te entered into a delail of the nature of Trotter's employment as Paymaster; 
and asserted, that from the nature of the transactions between them, it was 
impossible for him (Lord Melville.) to give any precise explanation. He had 
availed himself of the 5th clause, not with any view of screening himself, but 
for the purpose of withholding disclosures, which, as the fuels were connected 
w:!h the public Service, it would have been extremely improper for him to have 
divulged. He next adverted to a charge against him, of havirg ordered the 
pubh'c money to be laid out for his adi ant;;:;e a:;d behoof, which, to the best of 
liis recollection, he denied. This, he remarked, was a singular expression, but 
it was one which was generally uv.-d by him, when talking of past transaction*. 
A gwd deal of acrimonious wit had i-ec-n expended on this expression, but his 
literal translation of the phrase was, that he had never given any orders to any 
such effect. He next made an elaborate statement on the situation in which he 
stood with Mr. Trotter ; in the course of which, he said, it was impossible for 
that Gentleman to ma ; .<' up, wiiii any degree of correctness, his accounts. 
Penqnally be had no mean* of aiding bun in that way, and therefore he stood 
completely at Mr. Trotter's mercy. He enlarged on the supposed connexion 
between iiiiuscif and the laic Mr. Tweedy, which he denied; and declared, 
that instead of being intimate with him, as Trotter had asserted, he knew him 
only as a Messenger, and never had occasion to speak to him above twice in his 
life ! He next entered into various details of several pecuniary transactions 
relative to the 40.000/. applied to Boyd and Benfield, and vindicated his conduct 
in that transaction. He insisted that Trotter could never have meant to say that 
he advanced 20.000J. for him on any one day : and he admitted that he gave his 
consent to the application of the 40,000/., in concurrence with (he opinion of the 
superior Servants of Government : for this he was willing to take his share of 
responsibility ; and he appealed to the liberality of the House for a fair interpre- 
tation of his conduct. His -Lordship then retired. 

Mr. Whitbread began by expressing his satisfaction that Lord Melville had at 
length defended himself, and lamented that the forms of the House would not 
permit him to hear his (Mr. Wbitbread's) reply. He deprecated the observation* 
of Lord Melville on what he stated to be the prcjudgment of his case ; and that, 
as he had stated his innocence, he ought to have informed the House by what 
means they could ascertain it. The public mind could not be otherwise than 
inflamed against him, because he had conducted himself in such a way as to 
excite general indignation ; and by his reflections on the partiality of any Jury 
that might try him, he reflected on the w-hole Country. He should have thought 
himself wanting in his duty if he had not brought forward the present Motion. 
He had proposed that the Committee should take into consideration the 14 He- 
solutions respecting the conduct of Lord Melville; hut this the House had refused, 
and had constituted the Committee under several restrictions, which were soon 
sifter discovered to be directly contrary to the due course of Justice. This, it was 
conceived, would operate as a complete bar to Impeachment, as a civil and 
criminal Prosecution could not go on at the same time. But were there no in- 
stances of two Processes of that kind going forward together ? In a case of com- 
mon assault, might not a Man be indicted for that offence, in order to be made 
u public example, and at the same time be prosecuted by a Civil Action for the 



NAVAL HISTORY OP THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 81 

recovery of damages. In the present case it was impossible the Country could 
consider the restitution of the money t be any thing like compensation, or 
atonement for the offence. Even were there a bar to Impeachment in existence, 
it ought to be removed. He descanted in this strain for a length of time, and 
made many severe remarks on the conduct of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
whom he accused of icreeniaa; his Lordship from the censure of the Address 
which mijjit hbvtj been voted to His Majesty, to strike him from the List of 
Privy Council, by stating that he had it in Command from the King to inform 
the House, that His Mafcsty had resolved to strike out Lord Melville's name on 
the next Meeting of the Council. On that occasion Mr. Pitt had been compelled 
to give such an intimation as he \va.s afraid of being out-voted by a great majority. 
From the Report 01 the Select Committee, much new matter had come out: 
indeed in his mind it was of so serious a nature, that the House would feel im- 
po^ible to resist the Motion for an Impeachment, with which he meant to con- 
clude; " For," says he, " without receiving satisfactory evidence to the con- 
I hesitate not to charge it upon Viscount Melville, dial the Sum of 10,000/, 
wu> converted to h:s private use, and also the 20.000/. the disposition of which 
wu:> never explained. I; is in \ tin for him to repeat assertions, that he acted from 
the purest motives ; or to indulge, the delusive idea, that his memory will descend 
to posterity without a blot, unless he conies forward to trial, and after a full 
investigation, purges himself from every suspicion which now attaches itself to 
these triuivdcyons." He then recapitulated the charges contained in the lleport 
and its Appendix, and contended that Lord Melville ought to have prayed the 
House to hear him in his defence on the first publication of the Tenth Report. 
At length he concluded by moving, " that it was the opinion of the House, 
that Lord Melville has been guilty of several hi^h crimes and misdemeanors, 
and ought to be Impeached for the same." 

Mr. Bond thought that an Amendment to the Motion would be proper, as the 
House seemed embarrassed at the present method of proceeding. He thought 
the censure of the House, &c. already passed, was a grievous punishment ; 
but itill that there was ground sufficient for a diii'erent proceeding. He touk a 
view of the charges imputed to Lord Melville, and declared he had no doubt 
of his criminality ; but he suircested as an Amendment, " that the Attorney 
Geneifel be directed to commence a Criminal Prosecution ayainst Lord Melville, 
founded on the. offences laid down in the Report, and that he be directed to stay 
the proceedings in the Civil Suit already instituted." 

The Cluster of the RO//S spoke in favour of a Criminal Prosecution rather than 
the mode proposed ; but contended that Ins Lordship had already been sufficiently 
punished : and the only new point brought to li^ht l>y the Select Committee V.:IN, 
ii>.ii !iib Lordship had signed a. release winch. had been sent to him by Mr. Trotter, 
containing a Clause for the destruction of Vouchers, while it did not appear that 
lu- was aware of this Clause. His crime was therefore nominal. As to his 
having participated i.i ;he gains of Trotter, tins was merely suspicion, and he did 
not see how any Jury could be justified in drawing such a conclusion. In short, 
alter \\ h it lie h.id siiiiered, were he^ ro go to a new trial, it would be an event 
unexampled in the pages of hiktory. 

Mr. //. Browne agreed with the last Speaker, as lie thought that no new 
matter had been disclosed Ly the Select Committee ; but if any further means 
ere to be adopted, he thought that Impeachment would Be moie becoming the 
\ of the IF8u.se. 

.\ie^r<. .iiczrtjidei- and Cxrtti-right spoke strongly in favour of Lord Melville, 
and against the Motion. 

r.i'.rl Ti'm/i.V, Lord li. Pttt-.i, the Hon. J. S. Cocks, and Mr. Pijtches, made 
many severe animadvefaioiu on his conduct, and contended for the luipeach- 
mei.t. At thri-e o'clock the del.'Htc was adjourned. 

JU'NE lii. The Sail Cioth Bui was read a third lime and passed. 
LORD MELVILLE. 

The Order of the Day being resumed on the-AIotion for the Impeachment of 
Lord M. ! . 

3to. I&ron. aJof.XlV. M 



S2 NAVAL HISTORY Of THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

Mr. Leicester entered upon a defence of Mr. Wilson, (the Gentleman xvh* 
cle<l nnd'T Mr. Trotter, and whom Mr. Canning refused to dismiss,) and con- 
tended ih.'t it was both candid and honourable to maintain him in Ins situation. 
With respect to Loid .Melville, he had no ^eruple in saving, that, if this was a 
Motion against him lor the first time, on all tin: farts lie should not give it a 
negative, because it would be founded on charges to which no satisfactory 
answer h:id been given. Alluding to the Resolutions of the Ulh April, h--> .!('- 
clared he could find nothing in the Tenth Report th;;t justified them in stating 
that his Lordship had drawn money from the Bank lor the purposes of private 
emolument ; and therefore the proceedings had been preiiu.turc. II j even 
ihrfcred from Mr. Bond, with respect to tin.- Criminal Prosecution; for a Civil 
Action 1 aviuv Lc, l( c.>';. traced, he thought it unjust 'o attempt greater severity. 
He, however, admitted that tin- account o!' Lord Meinlie, of the 1U,000/. au;i 
the half of the 23,0000. was uii.atisfacloj-y, bat it appeared thai they iiad been 
repaid without Interest, and tlierc v. as no proof that tl/f pulilie had lost a Sii: 
i> y :*ny transaction in which he had been concerned. A.-, to the ivli-asf, although 
there were some suspicious circumstances 'attending i', in- <!>,. ibouid 

have executed it, without considering the Clause in il as eMn'.oi'dinarv- He con- 
sidered what had happened as snlunent to deter any Person from a si, 
Oifltice ; and the Man who was not uliected by the disgrace winch had fallen ou 
his Lordship, would not be deterred by any thing. 

Mr. Wilberforce dissented from the opinion of Mr. L^yrestcr, and was con- 
vinced it was necessary to adopt some further measure. Those principles the 
Noble Lord laid down to justify his conduct, appeared to him infinitely more 
injurious than the particular Acts lhat called upon him for his defence ; ;.nd .vo 
far from any thing that fell from him tending to justify hi 1 - conduct, or to prove 
that the House had been wrong in any of the steps adopted with respect to him, 
it had a direct contrary effect on his mind ; insomuch, that he conceived it un- 
necessary to argue that the Act of Parliament was violated, particularly as Lord 
Melville received 2000/. a year for the express purpose that no private n.*-? 
should be made of the public money. There was an inconsistency between his 
Speech and his former statement; and the only part which appeared to him 
satisfactory, was his reason for keeping the Treasurership of the Navy, viz. that 
he had the Ministry of the Affairs of India, in which he (Mr. Wilberforce) 
thought his conduct highly meritorious. He had heard a Person who wa 
Governor-General of India say, that during the whole time he was in power. 
Lord Melville never desired him to take a single step that was in the slightest 
decree painful to his feelings. In his Lordship's defence Mr. Wilberforce con- 
fessed he was most struck with his remark about the 10,0002., and respecting 
which he stated he would give no account to the House, or to any other Person. 
Such a declaration as this would be astonishing, coining from any Man ; but 
from a Man of Lord Melville's knowledge of this Country, its Laws, its Criminal 
Proceedings one in the habit of making defences for other people that such a 
Man should set up such a defence for himself, was so astonishing and extraordi- 
nary, lhat nothing but guilt itself could have suggested il ! yWhat is it, says he, 
but' to lay down a principle, which, if the House was to adopt, would put an end 
to the British Constitution ? What is it but to say, I will be greater than the 
Law (great agitation.) I will be above the Constitution ? In short-, it is a libel 
on the Constitution to suppose such a thing will be suffered : it would open a 
door to prodigality and corruption : and if it had occurred in the time of 
Charles II, that profligate Monarch would only have had to say to his Minister, 
that he had spent 40.000/. wanted more and did not choose to give any ac- 
count of it. He admitted that his Lordship had sustained a severe punishment; 
but he could not conceive that, by presenting the Resolutions to the Throne, the 
House was prevented from pursuing furihcr steps. " The main question to ask, , 
(said Mr. Wilberforce,) is, Whether, on the whole, this .Motion having been 
brought forward, the punishment Lord Melville has received is sufficient; and 
whether we can, without violating our duty, vote against the Motion ? We hav 
traced a large sum of money .into the hands of Lord Me.lville, and he ought to 
explain what he has done with it. If he does not explain, the House ought to 
call on the justice of the Nation to punish him.' 1 



NATAL IIISTOIIY OF THE PRF.SF.XT YEAR, 1805. 83 

Lord Castlerengh ardentlv entr- a'ed tin- House to adopt the Civil Process. Hs 
reminded thorn that Mr. Fox had distinctly slated, that he would be satisfied if 
Lord Melville were dismissed i'r<;m His Majesty's Councils for ever. With what 
kind of consistency, thereiure, could those Gentlemen who acceded to the Civil 
Process, now abandon that course, and institute a Criminal Proceeding ? VVLea 
the Civil Process was recommended, the amount of the sum supposed to havo 
been di.sappropriated was 60,0001. ; now, however, that sum was reduced to 
20,0001. He traced the conduct of Lord Melville with regard to Mr. Trotter, and 
inferred, that if he had intended to accumulate a fortune, he would have esta- 
blished a bank of his own, and not have admitted Trotter to make a loan for him 
of 20,0001. Although he acknowledged that Lord Melville was unfortunate, yet 
he did not see any thing at present at all new, to justify the House in its depar- 
ture from the Resolution at first adopted. The object indeed seemed to be to 
punish him piece-meal, a method foreign to the Constitution, and repugnant to 
the feelings of the People. 

Mr. Grey contended, that as the Civil Suit had been forced upon the House at 
the very ttme when the Criminal method of proceeding was proposed, it could not 
be Hedged to have been sought for by those who supported the former Motion 
against his Lordship ; but the present method was perfectly regular: it was clear 
that a breach of the Act of Parliament had been proved, and that his Lordship 
had corrupt purposes in view. He wished the House to advert to the nature of 
the balances remaining in the hands of Trotter. The Act was passed in 1785, 
and was to take effect in the month of July, same year; Lord Melville, however, 
thought it expedient to suspend its operation till July 1786, and in the mean time 
contrived to accumulate the balances from about 104,0001., when at the corres- 
pondiii" period in the preceding year there was only a balance of about 6001. 
remaining in the hands of Lord Bayning. On these balances there was proof of 
actual profit having been made and paid to Lord Melville. Here Mr. Grer 
entered into a deuiil 01 the various pa> inputs made upon the accounts he had 
alluded to, which he stated a-, amounting in all to about T2~^2.\. After a review 
of various other points connected with the conduct of Lord Melville, he con- 
cluded with obsenui", that on the whole, there was such a mass of evidence 
contained in the two Reports, that he could not doubt that such a complete case 
of participation had been made out against Lord Melville as would justify their 
insiituuiig a Criminal Impeachment. 

Mr. R. S. Dundas thought it but justice to the House to remind them how much 
the conduct of his noble relative had been misrepresented. At the general meet- 
ings the most absurd falsehoods were propagated ; and at one of them it had been 
asserted by a person high in rank, that the peculations of Lord Melville and Mr. 
Trotter were the original cause of the. various loans and numerous taxes imposed 
upon the people. He proceeded to argue that Lord Melville would have afforded 
every satisfaction to the Coinruis&Kmen, had he been permitted to have docu- 
ments. 

Mr. Canning made an animated speech against the Motion, in which he de 
dared that Lord Melville had received much less justice in his examinations thna 
a Criminal would have received at the Old Bailey. 

Messrs. Batlmrst and Vansittart spoke in favour of the amendment ; and oil a 
division, there appeared for the Amendment ^38, against it 229. Majority for 
the Criminal Probecution, and againt the 'Impeachment, 9. Adjourned. 

24. Mr. Leycester, in consequence of the Motion of Mr. Bond which stood 
for to-morrow, relative to the exclusion of the transaction respecting Mr. 
Jellicoe from the proceedings against Lord Melville, ordered by th,e House to 
be carried on by the Attorney -General, gave notice, that he should to-morrow 
move, that an Impeachment against his Lordship be instituted instead of the 
Criminal Prosecution formerly ordered- 

25. Mr. Leicester, after some observations from. Mr. Bond, observed, 
" That the object of his Motion-of which he gave notice yesterday, was, that the 
House should proceed by Impeachment against Henry Lord Viscount Melville, 
jor the several offences charged ia the Tenth Report, aud that the Attorney 



84 NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

General should be directed to stay the Proceedings directed by the. Houstf on 
the 15th of June." 

Mr. Bond concluded his Reply, by observing, " That the House were to deter- 
mine, whether they would alter a decision made in one of the fullest meetings 
f ver known, and that too upon a notice only given twenty-four hours before the 
Motion." 

Mr. For made a most able speech on this occasion, which we. are. unable to 
insert. He remarked, that there were now about a hundred and one. members 
fewer than on the former division. It appeared as if the Honourable Gentlemen on, 
the other side were fighting the cause of Lord Melville inch by inch ; and he was 
at a loss to determine wh.erh.er such a conduct proceeded 4 torn favour toward Lord 
Melville, or a Party triumph **f a political kind; in order, at all events, to screen 
his Lordship from that degree opunish;iieiit which the House seemed disposed to 
inflict. He should only say, that the decision given on a former occasion was 
one of the most solemn he had ever witnessed. Mr. Fox concluded, by moving 
" That the other orders of the day be now read," that the matter might either 
be entirely dropped, or that they might have time to come to a deliberate deci~ 
sion by a call of the House being made. 

After other Members had delivered their opinions, the House divided en Mr. 
Fox's Motion, Ayes 143, Noes 166. Majority 23. 

Mr. For, in the interval, when strangers were excluded, moved for a Call of the 
House, but the Motion was negatived. 

The Motion for an Impeachment was next put and negatived. 

57. -Lord Glenbervie brought up the Report of the Secret Committee 
appointed to consider of the Secret Blatters contained in the J-lleicvt'i. Rcjxn-t. 
The Report stated, that the Committee had taken into consideration the sum of 
100,0001. advanced for Naval Services. The Committee, after taking into coi-s- 
deration the subject referred to them, and after having perused Papers, Letters, 
and Documents, had resolved, that the Sum ol 100,0001. w.ts advanced with pro- 
priety out of the money granted for Naval Purposes; and that the application of 
95,0001. of the said sum was for the credit and glory of the Country, and issued 
with the sanction of the Lords of the Treasury, on just and proper grounds. The 
Committee also resolved, that the discloMtro ot the purposes for which the said 
Money was applied, then or now would be attended with great public inconve- 
nience, and it would be a matter of regret if such should be disclosed; and 
the Committee, therefore, abstained from disclosing the particular circmr.s'ances 
attending the application of the said Sum. 

Jj5abai Courts partial. 

PORTSMOUTH, 25THAPIUI,, 1805. 

A COURT Martial assembled on board His Mnjcst\V !"".!> ;> Gladiator, ht 
-- Portsmouth Harbour, on the 25th of April, 1805, and continued by ad- 
journment 

Members of the Court : 

George Montagu, Esq. Admiral of the Blue, and Commander in Chief of His 
Majesty's Ships and Vessels at Portsmouth and Spithead, l'r< .1 1ml. 



Vice-Ad. Sir E. Gowcr, Kt. 
Capt. G. Lnsark 

C. J. M. Mansfield 

J. Irwin 
C. Adam 
E.D. King 



Rear- Ad. Sir I. Coffin, Bt. 
Capt. G. DuiV 

W. Shield 

G. E. Hamond 

J. A. Ommanney 

D. Wood rift' 



M. Greetham, Esq. Judge Advocate of the Fleet. 
Pursuant to an Order from the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of 
the Admiralty, dated the 22d day of April nit., and directed to the President, 
Betting forth that he had transmitted to their Lordships a Letter, which he had 
received from Captain J. A. Wood, dated the 19th ultimo, representing his 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 85 

iinving been oppressively removed from die Command of His Majesty's Ship 
Ac^'a, !i\ Vice-Admiral Sir J. T. Duckworth, K. B., then Commander in Chief 
of His Majesty's Shipe and Vessels at Jamaica : and that the said Vice-Admiral 
1iad, in the most shameful and scandalous manner, loaded, received on board, 
and suffered to be received on board His Majesty's Ship At-nsta, an immense 
quantity of oo<-s and merchandise, other than lor the use, of the Ship, iu 
defiance, and contrary to the true intent and meaning of the 18th Article of War ; 
and requesting, as such proceedings were contrary and highly injurious to Hi* 
Majesty's Service, oppressive to individuals, and unworthy the character of an. 
Officer, that the said Vice-Admiral may be tried by a Court Martial for th* 
Offences i herein set forth, and that their Lordships thought fit that Capt. Wood's 
request should be complied with; the Court proceeded to try the said Sir J. T. 
Duck-Worth, K. B., Vice-Admiral of the. Blue, for the ()>:'; uces with winch he is 
charged by Capt. Wood, in his Letter above mentioned. And having beard 
the evidence produced in support of the charges, and by the said Vice Admiral 
in his defence, and what he bad to alledge in support thereof, and having 
maturely and deliberately weighed and considered the whole, the Court is of 
opinion, that the charges have not been proved against the said Vice-Admiral Sir 
J. T. Duckworth, K. B. ; but that they are, gross, scandalous, malicious, shame- 
ful, and highly su'.wersive of,the discipline and good government of His Majesty's 
Service, and doth adjudge him to be most fully and honourably acquitted of all 
nud every part thereof; and the said Vice- Admiral Sir J. T. Duckworth, K. B^ 
is hereby most fully and honourably acquitted ol ail and every part thereof aj 
aforesaid accordingly. 

The President, in returning the Sword to Admiral Duckworth, addressed him 
in the following manner : 

" Sir. I take great pleasure in returning yon this Sword, which yon have so 
often and so honourably drawn in the delence of your Country : and T am 
desired by the Court to say, that it is their UNANIMOUS wish that our graciou? 
f^nfrei.-n may he pleased soon again to call you forth to draw it once more in 
th: 1 delence of your King and Country." 

Sir J. T. Duckworth and a large party of Friends dined afterwards with Com- 
missioner Sir C. Saxton. 

JUNK ;>. Tins day a Court Martial was held o'l board the Gladiator, bj 
adjournment t;v.'i Saturday, on Lkutenant Wluiiev, of the Brilliant, for 
bavin',', duriii!: the time he had charge of the Spai !:.*?! Ship Aurora, been uiltj 
Of greirt neglect of Duty, disobedience of Orders, and frequent Drunkenness; 
and a'x. for having disposed of the six-oared Cutler, in exchange for a Boat, 
with a Person on Shore. The Court was clear:. d, and agreed, that the charges 
of neglect of Du'y, disobedience of Orders, and having disposed of the *jx- 
rared Cutter belonging to the Brilliant, had not been proved ; and did adjudge 
him to he acquitted thereof: hut that the charge of almost constant DVpakeafaeai 
had been in part proved : and did adjudge him to be dismissed from Ins Oltice 
of a Lieutenant of the Brilliant, and to be put at the bottom of the List of 
Lieutenants oi the Koy, al Navy. Capt. I. O. HARDY, President. 

Promotions au'D appointments. 

Captain Vincent, who had the Command of the Arrow Sloop, which was cap- 
lured in the Mediterranean, after a long resistance, by two French Frigates, has 
returned from his imprisonment by the Spaniards, nd is promoted to the rank of 
Post Captain. 

Mr. ILllier, Purser of the Tcmeraire, is appointed to the Ville de Paris, rice Mr. 
Sedgwick, superannuated; .Mr. Ballmghall, of the Impregnable, to the Temeraire; 
Mr. Goddard, of the'Namur, to the Impregnable. 

Captain Bhgh is appointed Governor of Ceylon, and kissed hands at the Levee, 
June ->7. 

Sir Home Fopham will resume his public services on board His Majesty's Ship 
Diadem. 

Schiedam (Holland), July 7. We hear that Vice-Admiral de Winter has been 
appointed Commander in Chief of the Texel Expedition, with permission to hoist 
his Flag onboard whatever Ship he may choose. 

Captain Elliot is appointed to the Command of the Aurora Frigate, atportsmouth. 

Captain Sir Richard Straclmn is appointed to the Caesar; Captain Curtis (Son 
f Admiral Sir Roger Curtis), to the Hose, a new Sloop ; Captaia Junes, to th 



ffi NAVAL niSToni- OP THE rur.sKM VK.VF.J ISO.). 

Dauntless ; Captain Kcrr, to the Combatant ; Captain Epworlh. to he K 

Officer at Poole, vice. MabeolF; Capuun Davey, to I he Alkmaar .Store-ship ; 

Captain Brodie, to the Diligence. 

The Hon. Admiral Cornwallis hoisted his Flag the first of July on hoard the 
Ville de Paris, at Plymouth. Vice-Admiral Nugent, Captain ol' the Channel 
I'leet, is also arrived there. Lord Gardner resumes his Command at Cork. 

Captnin Whitby, of la Desh'-.-, lo* takcu the Command of the Centaur, on 
the Jamaica Station; Captain Maxwell, the Galatea; and Captain Heathcote n 
arrived in the Command ol' la De.sirfcp. Captain Fellows is appointed to the 
Apollo, a new Frigate at Portsmouth. Lieutenant Harris is also appointed to her. 

Admiral Wolsely is appointed to command the Sea Fencibles in Ireland, in the 
room of Admiral Whitshed. 

Lieutenant Louis (Son of Admiral Louis) is promoted to be a Commander, and 
appointed to the Bittern, vice Corbel promoted, and appointed to t'ie Sea Horse, 
vice Hon. C. Boyle, appointed to the Ajnphitrite. Lieutenant Knight (Son of 
Admiral Knight) is promoted and appointed to the Chillers, vice Sir W. Bolton, 
promoted, and appointed to the Guerrier. Captain Bettcsworlh, of the Curieux, 
who brought home the Dispatches irom Lord Kelson, is promoted to be a Post 
Captain. Captain Cochet is appointed Principal Agent for Transports in the 
Mediterranean. 

T. C. Colridge, Esq., a gentleman well known in the literary world, is appointed. 
Secretary to his Excellency Sir Alexander Ball, at Malia. 

Rear-Admiral Sir Richard Bickerton has taken the Command in the Mediterra- 
nean, with five Sail of the Line. 

Lord Amelius Beauclerc is appointed to the Saturn ; and Captain Pater 
to the Bellona. Captain G. Middlelon is appointed Commissioner of the Navy, 
at Gibraltar, in the room of Commissioner Olway, who is removed to Malta. 
Captain J. W. Loring is appointed to the Thames. C;plam C. Foote, to the. 
Salsetti Frigate, in the East Indies. Mr. Johnson, Secretary ;o Roar-Admiral Sir 
Isaac Cotton, is appointed Purser of the Valiant, of 71 guns, at Deptibrd. .Mr. 
Sailer, of the Secretary (Admiral Montagu)'s office, is appointed Purser of the 
Pearl. 

Captain Digby is appointed to the Africa ; Captain Gage, to the Thetis; Capt. 
Winthorp, to the Sybillc Frigate; Captain Tidy, to the Diligence; Lieutenant 
Lake, of the Locust Gun-vessel, is promoted to be n Commander, and appointed 
to the Childers Sloop. Mr. Collier is appointed Purser of the Victorious of 7 J 
guns. Captain Bennet has resumed the Command of the Tribune Frigate. 

BIRTH. 

Lately, at Deal, the Lady of Captain R. W.Otway, ofthc Navy, of a Daughter. 
MARRIAGES. 

Some time since, Francis Mason, Esq. Captain of the Rattler Sloop, to the Hon. 
Miss Hood, Daughter of Colonel Hood of Catherington, and Grand-daughter of 
Lord Viscount Hood. 

June 26th, by Special License, Capt. R. D. Oliver, of the Melpomene Frigate, to 
Miss Saxton, Daughter of Sir Charles Saxton, Barl. Commissioner of His Majesty's 
Navy. 

July 5th, Capt. Vincent (who, in His Majesty's Sloop Arrow, so gallantly de- 
fended the valuable Malta Convoy against two French Frigates) to MisiiSorman^ 
f the County of Lincoln. , 

OBITUARY. 

At Hull, aged 20, Lieutenant John Shaw, of the Royal N;:vy. 

At North Yarmouth, Capt. Mitchell, Commander of the Inspector Sloop. 

June 28th, at Maize-hill, Greenwich, in the 80th year of his age, 11. Brarh- 
waite, E*q. Admiral of the White. This gentleman entered the Naval Service in, 
the year 1743, under the patronage of Sir C. Ogle, his relation, who was then 
Commander in Chief on the Jamaica Station. Mr. Bralhwaire was appointed a. 
Lieutenant the 9th of May 1755, at the special recommendation of Sir Edward 
Ilawke; and on the 29th of November, 17;>(>, was made a Commander; and on 
the 6th of April, 1761, was promoii-d to the rank of Post Captain into ihe S'.ai\- 
non Frigate. On the 21st of September, 1790, Captain Brathwake was promoted 
to the rank of Rear-Admiral ot the White Squadron ; on the 1st of February,. 
1793, to be Vice of the Blue ; and in 1795, to the rank of Admiral of the Blue. 

At Honduras, Lieutenant Y. Green, of th Nsvy, late of Poole, 



ILlogtrs 



List 



SHIPS LOST, DESTROYED, CAFl'.URED, A\D RECAPTURED, 

VROAI JANUARY 4, TO FEBRUARY 8, 1805. 



*pKE Centurion, Chapman, from Dant7ig-tn Lor.don, was 
-- taken t>/ .. Privateer 26'.h Nov. otf Flair.tTo' Head , 
fwhicr. it is'r^porred had taken (even other vtlHs bckn:-- 



Elfu, 



November, under Convoy of the Charles armed Ship.) 
Crew carried into Dunkirk. 

The Sptculition, Lertarg, from uddawaila to Livfr- 
pool, foundered off the South Foreland Jill Dccemher. 



Cre 



favcd. 



Par! ., igth Dec " The General Perignor. Privateer, of 

St. Ma oss, has taken and fent ir.to Port the Aurora, 
with co Is, and the Courier, with fail-doth and pro- 
vifions." 

The Infanta, Spanifh Packet, of i6gun3 and 125 M;n, 
from the Havana, is detained by the Dir.n-.ond Frigate, 
nd arrived at Plymouth. 

The Dinilh Erig Henrietta, Muller, from Monteviedo ; 
and the Spanifli Ship el N. S. rte Dolor, Goit,i, from Vera 
Cruz, are detained and fcnt into Plymovith ; the former by 
the Endymi, n, and -.he lauer by the Naiad Frigate. 

The ColJb.V.s, Btn-r, from Newfoundland, has been 
fei?ed at Valentia, and both Ship and Cargo ordered to be 
<o!<i. 

^ he Fanny, Evans, from Carnarvon to London, was 
drove on Ihore ig:h December, n':ar St. Zves. 

The Hafutihf,, Ilumphn ys, from Carnarvon to London, 
is torally loft ne r Kinfale. 

The Nabby, Crande!!, frcm Liverpool to Bofton, is (Hid 
o b? lot nt,ir Bantry Bay. 

The Henry, Wheatly, Tvcm Liverpool to London, ftruck 
o a Hock at Scilly, and is fu'l of witer. 

The Indef.if,gible, Lcbben, f.om Norway to lii.'d-f rd, 
:s on fliore on Biddeford Bar, but txptcted to be 
The Be*ijam,n and Eliratct'i, Gibb, from J. 
London, taken by a French Privateer, was cairuJ i..tu 
St. Martin's i;th Oct. 

The Samuel smiti, Stiles, from Batavia, is 1^.1 near the 
Capes of VirginU. 

The Maria, Spanifh Ship, from the Havana, is detained 
V ti.e lUuftrtous *nd Ajax Men er War, a;:d arrived at 
1 mouth. 

The Buonap'.rte Privateer, of 20 puns, is taken by the 
Cyane Sloop of War, and carrieC into Aa'.is^a. 

Tne Thunderer Man of War, that was or. lliore in Ban- 
ry Bav, is fot oft'. 

The Flying Fi(h, armed Schooner, has been run ccwn 
t Sea by 1'Aig.e Kripatc, e Crc->v. 

The Freatrica, Doroti\ea, Pctsri, fiom Bourdeaux to 
1.oi.don, foundered a: iea. Cie-v laved and a:r,.Lj a! 
J"!jmoiiti> iu i'/.igle Frigate. 

The Mercury, Spcc'i, from Ma-tinujiie to New Ycrk. 
Is carried i.-.to Antigua and coniK 

Thc Brig I'hoe: e, from Portfrrouth (A.) to Berbice, ha: 
keen taken, retaken, and carried into Jm lica. 

The Cybek, Sinctharn, that w.<.s o:iven on (hove at Car- 
diff, is got off with damage, and gone to Chepilow to re- 
fair. 

The Catherine, Haywar', from New Orleans to Liver- 
Tool, is loft in ::.e Gulf of Mexico. 

The Prindei;ce, Burnet, from ti.e Havana to Sp>in, funk 
acai Oct. <j;1 Bermuda. Crew fived. 

The Ajidrumacly, from New York to Jamaica, hai 
Wen taken, retaken, inJ carried into Jamaica. 

The Polly, Bisland, fnm Rhode Is and to Jamaica, wa 
taken ijth July, and can-ici: i .M P>.-r o *ica. 

The Neptune, Greemvel', from Jamaica to Baltithore, 
is loft on the Camajne--. Civ* fa ert. 

The Advei.ture, Mai .U1U from Wi!rr.in2t';n to Jamaica 
was loft near the Bahamas, 7th Sf! timber. 

The Juno, Bunker, t'rein Jamaica to Balttir.cr-', was loft 
tn S'-pttmber. 

The John, Owen, from Livfrpoul to Kinfale, is rtra 
n Cardigan Bar. 

' Tue Anni Miria, , from St. Therms', to Kon- 

<uns, has l> -en taken !>y a Privaticr, reta'-en by the 
i"..i;ch,f F.i^tr, and arrived at Jamaica 1'i'J. Nu. 



Thv Hinh', (a Cartel^, Brown, from Jamaica to T?o-.r- 

:i\i\, is loft near the Havana. The Crew and Vrifoners 
laved. 

The Mere-tor, Hutchinfon, from Limerick to London, 

is abandoned at Sea 2ift December. 

The Mary Ann, Saiter, from Swanfea to Exeter, it 

recked near Saicombe. 

The Lucy, Lennop, for London, is condemned at St. 
Kitt'r, after being on Shere. 

The William Pitt, late Abercrombie, is loft at St. Kitt's, 
fter being on Shore ami got off, and is condemned. 

The George, ., from Liverpool to Galway, is 

totally loft rear the Iile of Man. Only one perfon faved. 

The Sanu Gcr:ruda, Spamfli Frigate, of 40 guns, from 

inia, havi"g on bo-.rd 1,200,000 dullars, and Merchandize, 
is captured by the Polyphemus Man uf War and arrived at 
Plymouth. 

dvices from Cadiz nth December, ftate, that the 
Amphitrite, Spanifli Frigate, from Cadiz to Veii Cru?:, is 
clc-t. ir.td by th- 1: ' n.-jal Man of War, and fent i::t 
Gibraltar yh DK. T.is Fuente Hermafa, from Lima, 
with 780,000 piafires, ar.d a valuable Corgo, was detained 
26th Nu-.. off Laros by an Englilh Brig, and the Notre 
Tame- dj Bsll Air, from Vera Cruz, is alfu detained by a 
Ship of the Line. 

The Spanilh Ship St. Andero, with 100,000 dollars, 

sar, indigo, ar.J cochineal, was taken 31 3 Dec. by the 
Lccy armed l.iifr,er, and is arrived at Plymouth. 

The Weft Indian, Richardfon, from Jamaica to I.on- 
:he William, Hunt, from ftonduras, captured bfr 
a' Pri. \teer, arc earned into the Havana. 

The fnduftry, Bertram, f:om Labradore to Jerffy, it 
The Captain and Crew are arrived at Verdun, 

Thi Padgey, , from Cardiff to Lender., ha* 

been taken Dear f, Land'-, E.id; retaken by the Coctc- 
a:rice Brig, and c-.i; ]'eit ir;j P.i.v.x-.ce. 

Tne A:.: . :n,rn .Newfoundland [wiUi ier 

Carto) was feivM at Ca-.i?. .... the 25th Nov. 

Tue Lcuija, Hanny, from Liverpool, is loft on the Coaft 
ef Africa. Cr-.w faved. 

The Fly, G-ecn, from London to Bridpaft, is on (hare 
ni:ar Wt-ymouth, and full of wtter. 

The Two Erothers, Lelja, trwii Lisboa to LonJon, is 
ftranded on Fairnefs Rock, ioff Margate. Part of the 
frui: i.nded. 

The San Miguel, alias El Felii, from Honduras t 
Ci.:i/, with joojOiio dollars, Ibvcral boxes of gold and 
filver, and a valuable C^rgo, was detained 7th December, 
by the Lively Frigate, and is arrived at Cork. 

The Erin Apollo, laden with hide 1 ;, tallow, and three 
chells of (1,,-liv.is, tVom Riaer Plate, detained by the Fifgard 
F.-igate, was (poke with in lat. 51. 30. lo.ng. 16. 20. and 
' . , z- el hi/ing only feven people or, board, intend- 
ed making fome Port to the N. W. of Ireland, hut baa 
Unce foundered. Peopie faved. , 

The following Spanilh Veflels are detained by Hi? 
Mf.j-iiy's Sh p Polyphemus. On zSth Nov. the Slijn Sant 
Chrifto, from Monteveiuo to Ca:;l7, with hides ar.d cop- 
per. On the ,}th Drc/the Snow St. jofef, from La Guajrrp 
to Cadiz, with cccoa, indigo, cochineal auJ cottcn. OK 
ti.e 5th tlic Edxvard from Vera Cruz to Cadi?., with 
cocoa, indigo, coc:.ineal, and 9^,539 dollar... And the 
Sivp Bon Air, from Vera Cruz to Cadiz, with cocoa, 
indigo, cochineal, a'.d 20,000 dollars. 

The Spanirti S> ips Pun Conception, from the Havana } 

ttie Mercury, , frem Bueuos Ayrcs ; ariU St. 

Pedro, fr.jin M^ittveido, are detained and fti,t int 
Plymouth. 

The Nancy, Wilftw, from Fictou to Scotland, has bee* 
f^und at Sea it :ciu any perfon on board, aj;d to^eJ int 
a Port near Wexfu:d. It is fuppofed the Crew were 
wafted oi'crboro. 

The Diana, Ne-.vb/j from Liverpool to Africa, wa cap- 
t-ired by a Kiench !'nva:rfr i;;ar the River Cot.. 1'ht 
Crs* arrjvtd at Hio Janeiro. 



LLOYD'S MARINE LIST OF SHIPS LOST, &c. 



The Elizabeth, Bulrnan, from niyth to Tilbury, has been 
ftken, retaken, and arrived at Djvcr. 

The Kaabet, Bremer, from Cadi?, to Amfterdam, is 



failea on the 3d September laft, and has not fince been 
heard of. 

The Neptune, Hall, from London *o Oporto, we- 1 on 
ff.ore 2d Dcceii'iV-r i.ctir Avi_iro. Crew laved, and moft 
of the Cargo taken out j but it is not cxpeftert that the 

Vr'VL'i Will bl lOtuff. 

The Jahanna, Campbell, 'from Copenhagen to St. Croix, 
j* In* on LnVov. 

The H'.ir.br.j' Packet, Barne-, of Hull, from Rita, is loft 
n fJo' 

The Thetis, Allifon, from Riga to Lcith, is ur. more near , 
Aberdeen. 

, rri.-V,) from Wilmington 
,1 V., wa., lull ij-h Jan. ne-r Dunagadce 5 P art OI 
the C-rpo f.veri. 

The Norwich P-.c'.et, Kenderfon, cf Sui,der!a:id, is on 
ftore near Flamh-o' Head. 

The Mediatn;-, Hall, cj -! load-'d, ftrnck 0:1 an anchor in 

rging. 

The f.itl.er, Foriter, fn,m Lynn to Newcaftie, foun- 
dered S'h Jan. Crtw : 

The tun of tiverp . " Liverpool tn 

AtVica, was taken by a Frer.ch Frigate of 36 guns, and Ii 

on rh k - Coaft of 
J'he Expe-.i ior, Be fi-ey, from Liverpool to Af'' 



ffl 



.-.1" of Wind. 



-, 



Adn 



fon ; Burirr., Hcale), u! ; Leal* r, r,,ir- 



ney, of Ta 

Jar-nary. 'n.e R y.i! Sniere'. b 

gone U? pieces. C:^-.^ 



ana anotlier ha-.e fince 



, . r, cf ;i guns and 

. Ja::. I"-' t'l.t itA.-;'r-'m 
1 >r'r , 3Tl i 1T.---3 a: !' .-rift iti . 
The ::. ' ri To-, .if,.', f. .". r.Mi-ti-ve'.do, 

is detained by the Ajix Man of V. a", ..m: '.'>: t int.; riy- 

i, from OrotKik.i 

fo Eire:''. . J by tiic Eat'vnao.i Frigate, and 

11 r'. ii 

The Laurel, r:.il.p.-, -nd the Uraii:.i, Meiling, arrived 
at Bcmer.'ra :'r .:, Air.ca, liadallvtie ="uai:ement off 
Surinam:, itt -*ni.h C.i'>t. i I :i ;p : ;i.<il i "- chief Male were 
' 



' fo 



'hat it is teared 



killed, and tl.t U 

Bie will b-: cuidcirijiul. 

The ni:isent, Picfton, from Livtrp.-ol, was loft in ; -in- 
into Eonuy, jd oclubcr. 

The Swift, Monro, of North Shields, ftrucfc on a dc.ii 
neir the ruJfteon LiB.it. Crew Civec, and landed a: 
Grfnubjr. 

The UlyiK , Giii es, from Cluricftcn to the V.vft I-.dis;, 
is taken by the Tj.ilr Pnv teer, and carried intu Ga,.rt,- 
lojpe. 

The Briri:h r.rig Jupiter, Rnwiind, tV-m Honduras 
ro New York, v>a taken off Cape Ar.toiiio tiy a French 
PHva'.eer. 

T!-e Lcchrysn, M'F.wen, of Beifaft, is lu: r.t Villa 
Franca, St. Mi>i . , 

The Attivc, Kilts, f.om Dublin t-> London, is ta^ by 
la Soreieie Piivitecr, :md carried into Br.ft. 

The Charlton, Ix.utt, f.-<*n Pillau, is totally loft on 
Uratoe. Part of the Circe, laved 

The M::t!lda, Jud.r, f'ro.n nen.erara to London, was 
f2k-;n I3th f'Ccembir by tiic Fiining Uo-t;-, ani car.ied 
uitb Gr;;-' 

Tc Miry, Rockrtt, from Exeter, is on (here near 
Brighton. ThJ Cargo dve-J. 

The St. Rod, Ftnuocies, from the Havana to Bilboa, 
was loft near Wilmington, N. C. about the iniJ,,ie of 
No/embcr. 

The Sp>nilh Ship A.ila Coiodo 
frsin Cai'thagcna, { o_:n Aii.-r.c 
cnrtoii, .o^wood, nj a quantity of dolla 
iSth inft. by tJii Malta, Man of War, and is arrivtd at 

. -r.'jiifli Ship, Con, of 450 tons, from the Havana 
tn Cadiz, with cotton, tugar, *:<:.. i. di-t-i.n d (/ t..e 
TrilpjDe Fri.;a.e, ;.r.d ar-ived at the M.itheimuk. 
The Ktlotter, Spanifh Ship, from Can-.erax tv Ciciz, i; 
by the X.nr-ymi'j.. Frisate, and fsi.t i..c . i' . - 



,', of 500 tons burthen, 
,, to Ferra, laden with 



D.outh. 

The Giaff, Kcr^ftori, fiom Cidir, 
amond Frigate, a.-,. I ie..t : 



Detained by the 



.. .. . 

The Vleig Priv.uecr, ani.eJ w.th 3 fwivels, 16 muskets, 
and 18 Men ot, teird, i< tskcn by the Swa'i Cutt.-r, and 
a.fiv.d rt Yaniiourh ; ihe had ten uut 8 days, ami cap- 
r.red a-Coier, which is rtfektn by t!. Swan. 



The Schooner Lord_ Nclfcn, Lisut. Hr.rky, 'truck af rf.* 
of Dartmouth Harbour, 2t5th January, and funk/ 



People faved.' 



:r, from Dublin to London, is takeo 



Breft. 

'The Evi:; In;'uftry, of Whitby, from London to Bofton, 

near Berwick. 
Tie bni n, Spicer, from Soufhwold to London, with 

wrecked near southwoid, ijth jinu;r>- Cart* 



. 

The Carl LurtVis, Willemy, from P.dfiow to Venicf, i- 
ftramlcd near Venice. Part ot the Car^o is exi ectcd to te 
fave-i. 

The D'.fpatch, Harrett, from Yarmouth to A'.loi, is 

tr.ree-miriert v.iV';l ftnick on fome Rocks r,nd is 
-r Hoi-. ick, NorthuniQer.and. Crew luppolui to be 



The Venerab'e, Anrm, fr :n H'<uras to London, was 
loft in the Northern Triaii?:'..., ift Oct. 

The Mipply, Lot:.;, H..:n Little Hampton to Wl-ithy, 
with timber, <i on fiior,-- on r! e Ma -!c Sand, on the York.- 

. Crt.v and Cargo Dv-d. 

The Mary, Phi !ip , tVom c,,rk to London, is on fliore 
off Y.:.r.<, ,. T.'..- of the. C:ir. -i l.nded. 

'I'l.e \Cfii>., I", vis, frr.oi VVa-.ertbrd, wita mr.lt, ii on 

fhor: on the .North Bull, DnMn. Ct-.rpo much damaged. 

t.'prefs, t'r'im Belraft to 

Brii- .., i- carried : t.-at the Biis Aurora, 



' 



rid tha 



ed ith 8 yuns, and U 
f.'l-.Li , i / 

'I lie I'aine- 1'rivatecr, of PI', .no'itli, is left at Gutrnfe) . 
The Weymouth Frivatc 
In.:i.-ma:i, it Portlniou: i. 
Jan. c.in;ii'l away htr uwti 

The American Brig Commerce, Tailor, frnm the 
Havana to Koiterdam, is detained by tt.e Lady W?rren 
A. S. anc- 'ince. 

Tne (. ' n, from the Suut'i Bias to Liver- 

poc.l, is io.t en the <;;;>'.. - i're (a ed. 

The Cotniven-v, ot" Api'k-.i.ji-.-, a Trar.f-.ort, from 
; ;o 1 ir.. eri.it, was loil ;;th December, in fjal- 

The Mir.erva, oxlcy, from Peter.hi^rs to TenerifTe, 

det.ii:.td at Hull fame time fince, i\ r. leafed and gone cut, 
ofaock. x 

The Ju:c. Ptri.in-. froi.l <)^;cbec to Liverpool, is 
. of Stot.and, and full of water. 

T:-.e Two Br-^liers, Saint, of SunderUnd, was loll 28tk 

..<.:rty, 'if Shields, was driven out of Scarborough 
Tier 2i'-h Jit . and loft nunr the Sp.v.v. C.ew Vaved. 

ThJ Vr . tr.t, wz~. 

drivsn os > off F ami). in ugh i ead. 

The Hope, Watfon, from Near Yoix to Savanna la Mar 4 
M-a.i taken ;-,J Noi-, by .-. French Privat-er. 

The F, i-iidfcluft, Timms. from l.o.,Jon to Tonninten, 
. , and ha? been fei/=.i by the French. 

The Diiiic'i.-*.' Caitcr, ft-.. 'ii v.\vm"Uth tn Lon-io.i, -., 
taV.t'i 22d N'ovembtr, and carried into Calais. 

The T.vee ticbroedcrs, H.-nJricki, from t o-ic> n t* 

by rtrefs of \ 
where the Cargo is landed a.-.d l'-i7.eJ '; the Trench. 

Thi: Durii Fritate is lo:'. ot the Cojf; of Fiance. Crew 
faveJ. 

The Patriot, P.lsomreht, from D'.i.tzis to l.on' 1 :i, 
failed from tlience Ihe 3d Angtft hft, and ha i 
b.en heard of. 

The Ondernceming Blot; Jong Pieter, Klaak ; Jonje 
Elizabeth, Vi:-!:; Vriendfcrap, O-vcnhand, and the Viovr 
LoliC'ia, Oellbn, are arrived .:t Itotterdam, and boih Ships 
and Cargoes confifcated hy t:.e French. 

T'IC Lcrd Nclfo.i, M'Jin. i-, from St. Thorn is 
rived at LivcrpoJ), failed the ;6tii December, with the 
Harmony, f^r Cl-^rlefton, and the Nymph, for Liverpool ; 
on the following day fell in with a privateer ot . 
which capMred the Nyxph, nnii ..it-cled the / . 
fon, vi o beat the Privateer oft' ^fter an Action of cne hour 
and a hair. 

The :>rl of Aherga' enney, warttfivorth, from t.onden 
to Bengal and China, ftrutl: on the Shamhks, i.i 
' 






. ;, ^n.l is funk iti ab.iut twelve 



Water. The Captain, Kirft Mate, ami about 300 People, 

The Minerva, V.'A-d, of Salem, is condemned at the 
llles of France, b?i:iE unfit for Sea 
T e M:tu Doro-i-.ra, 



from Nantes to 



; tl.'; Mivj.Uena, from Seville to Etnbaen ; a-:d '... 
Prieadfthift, from Memcl to 5t. Ar.d;ro, are <e:ain>ja 
and i'jut into Plyrooutlu 



[To be continued.] 



BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF THE LATE 

HONOURABLE CAPTAIN RICHARD WALPOLE, 

COMMANDER OF THE HOUGHTON EAST IXDIAMAN. 



" THE CROWNING CITV ! WHOS MERCHANTS ARE PRINCES, AND WHOSE 
TRAFFICKERS ARE THE HONOC*AULE OF THE EARTH." 



indefatigable Biographer of the Walpole Family, Mr. 
Coxe, has inadvertently omitted to notice the gallantly of 
this British Officer, amidst the splendid archives of his Family. 
As our Chronicle was purposely established to assist the future 
Historian, and to supply the omissions of contemporary writers ; 
\ve have availed ourselves of that affability which so much 
belongs to Captain Walpole's Widow * ; and with the memo- 
randa she has been pleased to communicate, shall hope to ren- 
der a Character more known, whose amiable disposition cannot 
be better described, than in the words of Lord Clarendon 
" He was compounded of all the Elements of Affability, arid 
Courtesy, towards all kind of People." 

The change that has taken place in the Merchant Service, 
since the period we are about to Review, is well worthy of the 
attention both of the Statesman, and the Directors of its 
interests : for notwithstanding the abilities of some few Indivi- 
duals in that line, the acquirements of Mr. Dalrymple, the 
ingenuity of Captain Burgess, the variety of observations by 
different Officers, which form the Oriental Navigator; the 
character of the East India Service has of late years been waning 
in the public estimation: it neither contains the rank, nor the 
talent, which it formerly possessed; and until the Squadron 
under Commodore Dance chastised the vaunting Linois-f-, and 
recalled the memory of former Heroes in the same department; 
our Countrymen were led to believe, and particularly the 

* The Hon. Mrs. Richard Walpole, of Dover Street, Daughter of the late Sir 
Joshua Yanncch, Bart. 

t So certain did Linois think himself of taking our Fleet, that he had, previous 
to the Engagement, made known his intentions respecting the Vessels he should 
destroy, a d those he intended for separate Services. 



90 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF THE LATt 

younger Officers in the King's Service, that the Command of 
a Merchant Ship was a situation derogatory to the character of 
a British Seaman, who had no concern with what our envious 
Enemies have termed, the Shopkeeping business of the World. 

The British Navy is of so much consequence to the preser- 
vation of this Country, and to the general welfare of civilized 
Society, and affords so powerful an obstacle against the per- 
nicious sway of Military Despotism * ; that it is devoutly to be 
wished, no divisions, or jealousies, or disparagement, should 
exist throughout the whole of this honourable PROFESSION : 
and that in time the Bulk-heads, if we may use the expression, 
will be removed, which at present divide and sub-divide it into 
a variety of Service. It should embrace every employment upon 
the Ocean, that requires defence; and instead of having the 
King's Service, and the East India Service, and the West India 
Service, and the Post Office Service, and the Coasting Service; 
should unite the whole, under what it really is, THE SERVICE 
OF THE KING. An extensive and regular gradation would 
thus be made from the Collieries of Newcastle, whence our 
ablest Seamen are taken, and from whence that ever to be 
lamented Navigator Cook arose, through all the Mercantile 
Department which the illustrious House of MEDICIS so greatly 
respectv.d; to the Stations that have been filled by a Rodney, 
an Howe, and a Duncan. We should not then have so many 
deserving Officers wretched, and even poor for want of employ- 
ment ; and as the scale of employment would be more extended, 
the skill and information in His Majesty's Service would be 
proportionally augmented. 

* This idea lias not been sufficiently considered. " In the Conquest of 
Carthage, says a late Writer, Historians have only beheld the subjugation of a 
mighty Re, ubhc overwhelmed by its own Factions, and the Anus of Rome ; 
whereas, in Unth, the destruction of this Metropolis of Africa affected the whole 
system of civilized life throughout the World. The Triumph of Rome was THE 
TRIUMPH OF TUK SWORD ever the milder and more beneficent reign of Com- 
mercial Pover. When Car.hag fell, the Naval and Mercantile Character \vas 
buried amidst its Ruins, and the Military ?Iariners of Rome came forward to 
subjugate and delud- Mankind. (Clarke's Progress of Maritime Discovery, from 
the earliest period to the close of the eighteenth Century. INTBODVCIIO.V, Sect, 
pa^e 151.) 



HONOURABLE CAPTAIN RICHARD WALPOLE. 01 

Captain Walpole was Brother to the present Lord Walpole, 
and third Son of the Brother of Sir Robert Walpole, Horatio, 
who for his eminent diplomatic Services, was raised to the 
Peerage by the Title of Baron Walpole, of Wvlverton, on the 
first of June, 1756; and had previously married, in 1720, Mary 
Magdalen, Daughter and Co-heiress of Peter Lombard, Esq., 
of Burnham Thorpe, in the County of Norfolk. Memoirs of 
this Nobleman, selected from his Correspondence and Papers,, 
and connected with the History of the Times, from 1678 to 
17.37, have been published by Mr. Coxe; forming one of the 
most interesting Volumes that has of late years appealed. Mr. 
Walpole, the Father, was born at Houghton, in Norfolk, on the 
8th of December, 1 678 ; and having received his education in 
the Foundation at Eton, was in 1698 admitted a Scholar of 
King's College, Cambridge. During his political Career Mr, 
Walpole had some experience of the perils of a Seaman's life, 
in December, 1736, whilst attending His Majesty George the 
Second, on his return from Hanover. The King, who had been 
detained at Helvoetsluys by contrary Winds, at length became 
impatient to leave so wretched a place, and accordingly ordered 
Sir Charles Wager to put to Sea; which the Admiral declining, 
on account of an approaching Storm, his Majesty replied, / 
have never seen a Storm ! and repeated his Commands in so 
peremptory a manner, that Sir Charles was obliged to obey. 
The King embarked on board the Royal Yacht, and sailed 
under Convoy of several Men of War. They had scarcely got 
out to Sea before a Storm arose, which dispersed the Ships; 
several were driven on the Coast of England, the Louisa was 
wrecked, and it was supposed the Yacht could not weathtr the 
Storm. So great was the alarm, that the Cabinet Council met 
at the Duke of Devonshire's, Steward of the Household, and 
preparation was made to issue the Proclamation for the Accession 
of the Prince of Wales. 

" On Sunday morning, the .Queen being at St. James's 
Chapel, a Messenger brought a letter announcing the safe 
arrival of the King at Helvoetsluys. Lord Lifford, who had 
just returned from walking in the garden, met the Messenger, 



92 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF THE LATH 

took the Packet, went into the Church, and delivered it to the 
Queen, saying, Here is News from the King ! all present were 
filled with apprehension ; the Queen was alarmed, and her hand 
shook so much that she could not open the Letter. The Duke 
of Grafton broke the seal, and immediately declared that the 
King was safe/'* 

In perusing these interesting Memoirs of Captain Wai pole's 
Father, the Reader will be amazed to find how much the 
Politics of that period resembled, in some degree, the present. 
" As to the Invasion," says Mr. Walpole *f-, " I make no doubt 
of its being attempted after Cardinal Fleury's death, when the, 
old maxims of France should revive; especially if Tencin should 
have the principal credit in the French Councils. I looked upon 
such an attempt as part of the general scheme of operations, and 
connected with their Enterprises on the Continent. They began 
it early, hoping that we should not have got together a sufficient 
Fleet to oppose to their Brest Squadron, nor a sufficient number 
of regular Troops time enough to resist the body which they 

should be able to land." " I cannot forbear one word 

more in behalf of my old friends the DUTCH. I do not think, 
as a Nation, that their old Spirit, and their old Politics, are 
wan'.ing; but they are exhausted, and have no executive Power : 
they are like a Ship, with a good number of Men on board, but 
wants Guns, Ammunition, and Steerage." 

But if the Father of Captain Walpole was justly celebrated as 
a Statesman, his Uncle, Galfiidus Walpole, a Captain in the 
Royal Navy, and Treasurer of Greenwich Hospital, was also 
deservedly esteemed for his meritorious Services. He entered 
very early into the Profession, and on the 17th of October, 
170f), was appointed to command the Feversham. During the 
year 1 709 he succeeded to "the Lion, of GO guns, and b^ing 
ordered to the Mediterranean, remarkably distinguished himself 
March 2(5, 1711, in an Action || with four French Ships of War, 
each of them mounting 60 guns. The Nassau, and Exeter, and 

* Coxe's .Memoirs of Horatio Lord Walpole, page 197. 
t Ibid, page 260 (1744). J Ibid. (1745), page !285. 

}( Eurchett'}\ aval History, pages 7 74, 797. 



. HONOURABLE CAPTAIN RICHARD WALPOLE. 93 

afterwards the Dartmouth, and Winchelsea, were detached by 
Sir John Norris, to assist the Lion ; but the Action had nearly 
terminated before they could get up. Captain Walpole lost his 
right arm by a cannon ball : and what is singular, the Sword of 
this Officer, given, wlien young, to the present Lord Nelson, 
was in his hand when he also lost his right arm on the 15th of 
July, 1797, in a daring Attack on the Town of Santa Cruz, in 
the Island of Teneriffe. Captain Galfridus Walpole was re- 
turned Member for the Borough of Lestwithiel, soon after the 
Accession of George the First ; was appointed to the Peregrine 
Yacht; and on the eighth of April, 1721* was nominated Joint 
Postmaster-General, and Commissioner for the regulation of the 
Post Office. He died August the seventh, 1720. An Engraving 
of his Portrait, and a fac-simile of his left handed writing 
enrich Mr. Coxe's Memoirs. 

Tiiere was also another Naval Officer, though of a more 
recent date, of the name of Walpole, distantly related to the 
Subject of our present Memoir, whom we cannot pass by on this 
occasion. This gallant Officer was the Son of Robert Walpole, 
Esq., who was in the commission of the Peace for Westmcath 
in Ireland, and died of the wounds he received, on the 20th of 
June, 1803, in an Engagement in the East Indies against the 
French, whilst Lieutenant of the Gibraltar. This young Gen- 
tleman, from the accounts of Sir Richard Bickerton, Bart., and 
Admiral Parker, of the Fortitude, under whom he fought 
against the Dutch at the Dogger Bank, promised to add fresh 
lustre to the name of Walpole. 

The Honourable Captain Richard Walpole, the Subject of 
our present Memoir, was born in 1729^ and was brought up, 
like Lord Nelson, at the High School at Norwich, under the 
immediate eye of a Parent, who " was particularly careful in 
superintending the education of his Children ;" and who, as Mr. 
Coxe adds, " was sincere in his belief of Christianity, and 
zealous and constant in performing the duties of his Religion : 
a tender Husband, an affectionate Father, a zealous Friend, and 
a good Master."* It is to bo lamented, that a Youth thus 

* Memoirs, pages W7, '.'b8. 



04 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOiR OF THE LATE 

descended, and thus educated, and who possessed that gallantry 
and enterprise, afterwards so conspicuous, should not have had 
his name enrolled among the more immediate Servants of his 
Sovereign. The very Portrait of his gallant Uncle would have 
seemed to claim the Services of his Nephew ; and the house in 
which this Portrait was suspended, was sufficient to have called 
forth the gay hope of a young mind respecting a glorious Career 
in the King's Service ; it having been rebuilt under the direction 
of Ripley, who had been employed on the National Edifice of 
THE ADMIRALTY. 

Ambition, however, seems to have subsided in the mind of 
the Father, when his Son began his Career in life, and to have 
been succeeded by a love of tranquillity and independence. In 
a Letter, dated May 29> 1745, he thus expresses himself: 
" Retired from the Noise and Nonsense of a Public Station, 
no Man, I thank God ! can have more reason than 1 have to be 
satisfied with the more solid and innocent pleasures of a private 
life My rural Walks and Contemplations, amidst this mild, 
diversified, and engaging Scene, afford me constantly new sources 
of health and pleasure, and make me lament the noisy, anxious, 
and tumultuous hours spent amidst the broils of Faction, or vain 
attempts to serve an ungrateful Public Come my dear 
Friend, come and let us remember our Friends in a modest cup 
of smiling home-brewed ale, and forgive and forget our Enemies, 
and pray for the Peace and Liberties of Europe." Mr. \Val- 
pole was at this time too fond of Independence, and too much 
subdued by the cares and fatigues he had encountered, not to 
prefer, what at that time formed the lucrative and easy emolu- 
ments arising from, Commercial Service, to the Spartan Dis- 
cipline, and empty Coffers of the British Navy. He therefore . 
sent his Son, who had abilities worthy of his name, as a Guinea 
Pig, in the year 1745, on board the Augusta East India Ship, 
commanded by the Honourable Augustus Townsheod, second 
Sou of Charles Lord Viscount Townshend, and Dorothy, the 
Sister of Robert, first Earl of Orford. Captain Townsuerid died, 
in 1/46, during the Voyage, at Baiavia. 



HONOURABLE CAPTAIN RICHARD WALPOLE. 95 

Mr. Walpole's next Voyage was in 1 748-9, as fourth or fifth 
Officer, on board the Somerset, Captain Tolson, bound to 
Bengal: and his third Voyage was as Captain of the New 
Houghton, named after the splendid Seat of his Ancestors, to 
China direct, in the years 1752 and 1753. The following 
particulars are taken from the Journal of Captain Randall, of 
Norwich, who was then one of the Cadets*, and afterwards 
commanded the Chesterfield. 

We sailed from Gravesend in November 1752, towards th 
Downs. The Pilot in charge ordered so much sail, that the 
Ship made way too fast for the Leadsmen on each side to 
obtain Soundings, and a very thick fall of snow coming on, pre- 
sented us from seeing the Land-marks. About four o'clock in 
the evening, our Ship with all sails set, ran upon the Kentish 
Knock, over the Goodwin Sands. Our Ship forged on, and 
stuck fastf ; yet although there was a great Sea running, she 
did not lift. The Pilot not knowing what Sand we were on, 
gave up his charge of the Ship in half an hour. But the snow 
providentially cleared, and enabled us to discern the Land- 
marks. We also saw a Margate Hoy coming off, on hearing 
our distress guns. We now started, and pumped out our water, 
and threw our head guns overboard, and lumber, to lighten the 
Ship forward. Struck the top-gallant-yards, and lowered the 
Long-boat from the skids; but owing to the great Sea, she 

* The following Officers on board the Houghton, in this Voyage, were after- 
ward:, promoted in the King's Service 

3d Officer. Philip Bote'er, descended from an ancient Family in the County 
cf Hertford, was appointed Lieutenant in His Majesty's Service, Beb. 23, 1756; 
and Cominauder, June 16, 1761. After being appointed to the Nottingham, 
Fenzance, Shannon, Acteon, and Ajax, he received his Commission for the Ardent; 
a"nd being deluded by the Enemy, who answered his private Signals, he was taken 
by the Combined Fleet off Plymouth in 1779. 

Midshipman. William Locker, afterwards promoted to Post Rank in the 
Navy, and died Lieutenant-Governor of Greenwich Hospital. Vide his Biogra- 
phical Memoir, Naval Chronicle, Vol. V, page 97. 

Midshipman, Willian. Hunter. At present Lieutenant of Greenwich Hospital. 

< James Case, of Lynn, who died Captain in the Royal Navy, 

fawner. William Haines, who dn:d Cap f am in the Royal Navy. 

t See Lieutenant Hunter's Biographical Memoir, Vol. XIII, page 10. 



86 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF THE LATE 

immediately ranged up against the sheet-anchor, and was stove. 
The Margate Hoy dared not venture alongside; she therefore 
came under our stern, told us what Saud we had struck, and that 
they had dropped an anchor to assist us in getting off. We 
at length got the cable's end on board ; and the Hoy promised 
to stay by us. 

" About eight o'clock the Wind changed to east, and the 
Swell abated. At ten, when it was high water, the Ship lifted 
a little. We then hove taught on the cable to the anchor 
astern, and set the fore-top-sail aback. In half an hour she 
lifted ; and with some very hard knocks, backed off into deep 
water. We then shifted the Hoy's cable, and bore away for 
Portsmouth ; but the Wind northing, we could not fetch it ; so 
stood on for Plymouth, where we arrived in safety. Our Ship 
went into the King's Dock, and we found that nothing but her 
being a new Ship could have saved us from the Goodwin 
Graves: her main-beam and stern-post were sprung, and a 
great part of the false keel was off. We repaired her ; proceeded 
on our Voyage to China, and arrived in England in June 
1753 : being eighteen mouths on our Voyage; and of our Crew, 
109 Men, one only died, and two were drowned. 

Captain Walpole's fourth, and last Voyage, enabled him, on 
closing his Career in the Commercial Service, to display the 
gallantry of a brave spirit, and to disgrace the unalterable and 
vaunting Enemies of his Country. The glory which he acquired 
on this memorable occasion, was shared with the Captains 
Wilson and Hutchinson, and will bear comparison, with the 
splendid Achievements of the present age. Excepting Beatson*, 
who inserts a short letter from Captain Wilson, this Event is 
among the many that have been sadly neglected^in ' our Naval 
Histories. We shall now give a continuation of Mr. Randall's 
Journal ; and leave the letter, which we -have received from 
Captain Wilson's Son, as a description of the Engraving which 
represents this memorable Action ; delineated by Mr. Pocock, 
under three points of view. 

s '* Naval and ]\i;!:V;.-v Memoirs, Vol. 1I> p;i'-> 1^0. 



HONOURABLE CAPTAIN RICHARD WALPOLE. 97 

" We sailed from the Downs in April, 1755, in company 
with the East India Ships Pelham, Strealham, Edgecoat, and 
Doddington, and all arrived safe at Bombay in November, 
except the Doddington, which sailing better than the rest, soon 
parted company, and on the 17th of July, at one o'clock in the 
morning, struck on a desolate Rock, off the eastern Coast of 
Caffria, and went entirely to pieces. At day break the next 
morning, out of 273 Persons, only 2.3 survived. They remained 
for seven months on the Rock ; when having contrived to build 
a Boat out of the Wreck, they providentially were conveyed in 
her to Delagoa. 

" On leaving Bombay, we, in the* Houghton, stood for 
Sindy, Gombroon, then back to Bombay, and then touching at 
Surat, Bombay, Onore, Tellicherry, and Malacca, arrived at 
China in August, 1756. We left it during the ensuing January, 
in company with the East India Ships, Suffolk, Commodore 
Wilson; and Gjodolphin, Captain William Hutchinson. On (he 
eighth of March, about four o'clock in the evening, being 90 
leagues eastward of the Cape of Good Hope, steering west with 
light Airs, we saw two Ships hulling, not having any sails set, 
about nine miles to the west of us. Though ignorant of the 
War, we considered their appearance as suspicious : accordingly 
stood for them until six o'clock, when we perceived by the cut 
of their sails, then set, that they were French Ships of War. A 

* Names of the Officers on board the Houghlon, who shared in the glory of 
this memorable Voyage : 

1st Offictr. Charles Haggis, who died Captain of the Thames. 

2d - Richard Doveton, died Captain of the Glatton. 

3d - William Martyr, died Captain of the Horfendon. 

4th - Augustus Schutz, since dead. 

5th - Xicolas Wayle, of Wickmore, since dead. 

{Jth - John Sandys, died Captain of the Norfolk. 

uel Clarke, died Captain of the Hertford, which foundered at 



y-Daiuel Clarke, died Captai 

\ Sea, and ail perished. 
.< - . . 

1 Benjamin Randall, ailerwa 

v. residin at Norwich* 



, . 

Midshiumen.< - . . - . ,,. ., . 

1 Benjamin Randall, ailerwards Captain ol the Chesterfield, now 

esiding 

Cadet Boy, Wiiliam Hembly, died Captain of the Lord Xorth. 
Purser, Simon Bland. 

Surgeon. - Gordon. 
Surgeon's Mate. - Moliison, afterwards a Commissioner of National Accounts. 

/Sab. eifcroH. O0I.XIV. o 



98 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF THE LATE 

dark night coming on, \ve lost sight of them, they being then 
four miles to the west. 

" Our Commodore, Wilson, desiring to consult, we threw 
out our Boat, and Captain Walpole went on board the Suffolk, 
as :\' r l Captain Hutchinson. They, however, soon returned, 
hoisted in 'he Boats, and altered our course from west to north. 
The Wind at south freshening to a seven-knot Gale, \v ; e put out 
all hgh'ts, and set every sail with hopes to escape them : but the 
Moon rising about eight o'clock, we saw the Frenchmen about 
half a mile astern, steering east. They immediately bore up, 
and chased. We then tried them before the Wind then at 
large again upon a Wind; but it would not do: for about 
twelve o'clock at night, we three Ships keeping the line close, 
the Godolphin being the sternmost, the Enemy got within a 
cable's length of her weather quarter ; and, under an easy sail, 
kept that distance until about three o'clock in the morning. The 
Frenchmen then hauled close to windward, and kept at about 
one mile distance on our beam. 

" We now laid-to at quarters, under our top-sails ; and at six 
o'clock, the Sun rising, we hoisted our Colours, Commodore 
Wilson his broad Pendant, and fired a gun to leeward. The 
French 74, under a broad Pendant, hoisted her Country's Flag, 
and fired two shot : but kept lying-to, sending Boats several times 
to the Frigate. 

" About eight they bore down, hove-to about a quarter of a 
mile to windward, and opened their fire. We did the same ; 
and continued it for half an hour : when the Seventy-four's main- 
top-sail-yard, jib-boom, and main-top-gallant-mast, being shot 
away, both the Frenchmen made all sail to the westward, and 
we after them. But when they were got about two miles 
a-head, they threw about, and stood for us again. \Ve brought 
to under top-sails, awaiting their coming. Being a-breast of us 
at about half-past ten, they brought-to, more than a quarter of a 
mile distant, and engaged us until eleven ; when the French 
Commodore bore away, and went about half a mile a-stern, 
making Signals for the Frigate to follow : but she continued for 
ten minutes firing at us, and then to our great joy bore away 



HONOURABLE CAPTAIN BICHARD WALPOLE. 99 

also. Had they behaved well, we must have been taken : if the 
Captain of the Frigate had been Commodore, it would have 
gone hard with us. As to powder, the Suffolk and Houghton 
had some barrels left, but the Godolphin had very little. Our 
three Ships were worth 500,000/., so they missed making their 
fortunes. Our flying Enemy was out of sight by four o'clock in 
the afternoon. 

We now examined into our damages. On board the Suffolk, 
Mr. Haffey, Midshipman, lost his leg, which was carried off 
close to the groin by a twenty-four pound shot. He, however, 
thank God, survived. The East India Company settled a pen- 
sion on him for life, and placed him as a Clerk in the India 
House, where he rose to be Paymaster; and died lately. 
In the Houghton, Mr. Harvest, a Midshipman, had one side of 
his face torn off by a splinter. In the Godolphin, two Seamen 
were slightly wounded. The principal havoc was among the 
Hogs and Sheep, which afforded an excellent fresh meal to the 
Men after their" fatigue. Our three Ships had their rigging 
much rut, and several shot through their hulls. The twenty- 
four pounder, which wounded Haffey, was taken out of the Ship's 
side, and hung up in the India House, as a Trophy. 

f( We remained lying-to all night to refit. The Godolphin 
having received some large shot under the water line, was in 
great danger of sinking. Being smooth water, she was laid on 
the careen ; and with the assistance of all the Carpenters' Crews, 
her leaks were stopped by next morning, and we proceeded on 
our Voyage. 

" On arriving at St. Helena, we heard that War had com- 
menced a year before. We in consequence received orders to 
proceed north about Scotland; and arrived in Leith Roads in 
June, whence we proceeded to London. Our Ship was cleared 
on the oth of September, 1757, having been two years and st-ven 
mouths on the Voyage. Of our Crew, being 108 Persons, 
three died; two were drowned, and three killed by falls. Tbie 
East India Company gave the three Ships GOOO/. for their 
gah ant conduct. 

Sometime afterwards, when I was on board the Bombay Cas- 



100 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF THE LATE 

tie from Bengal, we brought home eighty Trench Prisoners, 
some of whom had been on board the Ships whu S? * imaged us. 
They informed me, that the Seventy-four was i'l iiustrc, and the 
Frigate la Balaiue. They had a Battalion of the _A(juiiaine 
Regiment on board, and about 80,000/.. in dollars, for payment 
of the Troops at the Mauritius. During the Engagement the 
Land Officer took the Command from the Sea Officer, which 
occasioned so much disseution, that the Ships' Crews only did 
their duty by compulsion, keeping from a close Engagement, 
whereby we escaped them. On then arrival at l ; ie Mauritius, 
both the Commanders were broke, and they miiy cleseived it." 

Thus have we endeavoured to illustrate a very distinguished 
Action in the Naval History of our Country, which hiiherto, 
like many others, has been either entirely passed over, or very 
imperfectly narrated by the Historian. It will tend to prove, 
that the spirit of British Seamen, whether in the King's or his 
Merchan's Service, has been uniformly active and heroic: not 
depending on the irregular Fever, which generally accompanies 
any public commotion; not produced by quaffing the* gunpow- 
der and brandy potions of the Great Nation ; but arising from 
the discipline and loyal independence of the Little Island. It 
remains to add, that each of the Captains, Wilson, Walpole, 
and Hutchinsoii, had one hundred pounds given them by the 
East India Company for the purchase of a piece of plate, to 
commemorate their skill and intrepidity. 

Captain Walpole, contented with a Voyage which had 
enabled him to display the energy and valour of a Seaman, 
retired to enjoy that independence and elegant Society, to "which 
his high connexions and birth entitled him ; and for many years 
his house was well known, and resorted to, by the highest circles 
of fashion. 

Captain Walpole represented the Borough of Great Yarmouth, 
in Norfolk, for three Parliaments; and although he was opposed, 
whilst abroad, without his knowledge, by Sir John Jervis, and 

* Memoir of Lord Howe, Vpl. I. 



HONOURABLE CAPTAIN RICHARD WALPOLE. 101 

had nine hundred Constituents, the whole expenses only 
amounted to eleven hundred pounds. This Borough had been 
represented by a Walpole, and a Townshend, for seventy years ; 
but was lost by both Families, in a Contest during what was 
tenued the Pit Fever. 

This gallant Officer died in 1798, and was buried in the 
Church of Freethorpe, in Norfolk. The following Inscription 
appears on his Monument : 

NEAR THIS PLACE 
ARE DEPOSITED THE REMAINS OF 

THE HONOURABLE RICHARD WALPOLE; 

THE PROPRIETOR OF THE GREAT TYTHES OF THIS PARISH, 

AND LORD OF THE MANOR OF FREETHORPE, 

WITH THE MEMBERS. 

HE WAS THIRD SON OF THE LATE 

HORATIO, LORD WALPOLE, 

OF WOLTERTON, IN THIS COUNTY, 
AND DEPARTED THIS LIFE ON THE 18th OF AUGUST, 17Q8, 

AGED SIXTY-NINE. YEARS, 

SINCERELY AND DESERVEDLY LAMENTED 
BY HIS FAMILY AND FRIENDS. 

TO WHOSE MEMORY, HIS AFFECTIONATE WIFE, 

MARGARET WALPOLE, 

HAS ERECTED THIS STONE. 



HERALDIC PARTICULARS. 

s.-^-Or on a Fess, between two Cheverons Sable three 
Cross-Croslets of the First. 

CREST. On a Wreath the Bust of a Man side faced coup'd 
proper ducally crowned Or, with a long Cap on turning forward. 
Gules and thereon a Catharine Wheel Or. 

MOTTO. Fari quas sentias. 



102 

NAVAL ANECDOTES, 
COMMERCIAL 1ILN TS, RECOLLECTIONS, &<r, 

NANT1S IN GUnGITK V'.r,TO. 

LIEUTENANT BO>, ER. 

(Extract of a Letter.) 

npIIE Courier Cutter, Lieutenant B<, -icr, is gone past to the 
** Downs, very much damaged. I learn that, on Friday mom- 
ing, having picked up a Man of War's Boat, with a Lieutenant 
and fourteen Hands, they soon after discovered a larg? Lugger 
Privateer at anchor under a Battery, and went in to endeavour to 
cut her out. On their approach they were unfortunately .seen 
from the Shore, and fired at by some 24-poumlers from a Battery, 
and a 12-pound field-piece on the Land : it In-iiig very little Wind, 
they Avere unfortunately hulled several times iroin the Shore 
guns: Lieutenant New by, of the Megaera Sloop of War, and two 
Men, were killed, and one wounded. The Cutter being in only 
four fathom water, and finding it impossible to succeed, with a 
24-pound shot in her quarter, about twelve inches above the 
water line three of the deck planks cut through, the spare spars, 
sweeps, and oars knocked away, and other damage, they were? 
obliged to retreat out of gun-shot; while the cowardly Lugger, 
whose fire did them no damage, was afraid to follow then out of 
the protection of their own guns, or there is little doubt that 
Lieutenant Boxer and his gallant Crew would hare brought them 
to England. 

WRANGLER GUN-VESSEL. 

IN addition to the number of daring Actions executed by 
British bravery, we have to relate one performed by the Second; 
Lieutenant and part of the Crew of the Wrangler Gun-vessel, 
commanded by Lieutenant John Pettit : 

The Wrangler was cruising off Boulogne, and perceived a Sloop 
lying under the Batteries, ready to sail on the first convenient 
opportunity ; the Commander of the Wrangler proposed attempting 
to cut her out, and was immediately seconded in the project by 
his Second in Command, and a set of jolly Fellows sufficient to 
man the Long-boat: they pushed off almost as soon as the scheme 
was formed, and in a short time reached their object. They were 
challenged by the Sloop's Sentinel, to whom they paid no atten- 
tion, but running the Boat alongside, immediately boarded. The 
Frenchmen,, when they saw our gallant Countrymen on the deck, 
took directly to a Boat lying alongside the Sfoop, and made flic 



NAVAL ANECDOTES, &C. 103 

best of their \vay tow; 1 .Is Shore, leaving only the Captain on 
board. We art 1 , hapoy t/> announce, that the Sloop was brought 
out safely withou* J - injury to any one, though a very 

htv..-y fire was kept up from the Batteries. The Prize was laden 
with Provisions, and is arrived at Ramsgate Pier. 

ANECDOTES OF M. BAUDIN, 

Commodore of a recent French Expedition of Discovery. 

ST. VINCENT, a French writer, in the Narrative of his 
Voyage through the African Seas, relates the following ludicrous 
Anecdotes of the Commodore, M. Baudin: 

The Commodore, since our departure from Teneriffe, did not 
wish our Vessels to approach too near to each other, from an idea, 
that in those Seas, where there is much danger of being becalmed, 
it was necessary to remain at about a league from one another, 
lest the attraction of the two Ships might occasion them to run foul 
of each other. 

An intelligent Astronomer belonging to the Expedition, related 
to me one day, when we were conversing respecting the Commo- 
dore's terror, on account of the supposed attraction of the two 
Ships, a very curious fact, the truth of which was afterwards con. 
firmed by one of the Officers. Being in want of a magnetic needle 
to replace that of a compass which had been injured, he applied to 
the Commodore, who had several in the drawer of his secretaire. 
M. Baudin, who happened to be in a very good humour, invited 
iim into his state-roorn, whilst he searched for the box that con- 
tained the needles. The steel being somewhat rusted by the 
humidity of the air, the magnetic property of the needles was 
considerably diminished. As the Astronomer was lamenting this 
unlucky accident : What would you, wish ? said the Commodore, 
in order to console him, every thing furnished by the Government 
has been done in the most niggardly manner: if they hadfollozced 
my advice, zee should have been provided zcith silver needles instead 
of steel ones ,' 

MODE OF FISHING FOR SALMON IN ICELAND. 

(From OI.AFSEN and POVELSKN'S Travels.) 

THE Norder-aa is the only River at which a number of hands 
are employed in catching this fish, the produce of which is divided 
between the Fishermen and the poor people who come to assist 
them. They first select a part of the River, where the bottom is 
level, and the Current not too strong, and a day being fixed on 



104 NAVAL ANECDOTIC, 

for the commencement of the operations, several hundred person* 
repair to the spot. At the part where the water is most shallow, 
they form a dyke of stones, leaving, however, an aperture, that 
the Current may not be interrupted. This dyke is nv;.de in two 
arms, that go off from the Shore in a diagonal line, and *c;:ninate 
in an acute angle, at which is the apertura. When this dyke is 
made, they extend several nets across the River, and two Men on, 
horseback hold the ends of the net on each side of the River, 
followed by others, who are likewise on horseback; they then 
make their horses swim, which so alarms the salmon, that they can 
neither jump over the net, nor escape by sinking beneath it. One 
Bank of the River is covered with people, who throw stones into 
the water to increase the fright of the fish, so that nothing remains 
for them, but to make towards the angles, or be taken in the nets. 
The fish are divided between the Owners of the nets and of the 
Land; while those who assist, receive a portion from each. In the 
Gliufuraa, they cannot take salmon by the net, on account of the 
rapidity of the Current, and the large stones that obstruct the bed 
of the River, when they fall in winter from the mountains. The 
Inhabitants, therefore, use long poles, at the end of which is an 
iron pike; and with these they strike the salmon and draw it out 
of the water. To attract the fish to a certain spot, they begin to 
scare it at a distance, when it makes off; and if it can hide its 
head between two stones, it remains motionless, and conceives 
itself in safety. 

PORPOISES. - 

(From ST. VINCENT'S Voyage through the African Seas.) 

THESE animals swim together in considerable numbers, and 
generally in pairs ; sometimes, however^ two or three in a body, 
but seldom singly: they in general swim so high in the water, that 
the dorsal fin is very often seen above it; they occasionally rise to 
the surface, in order to respire, and resemble blood-hounds in 
pursuit of their prey, when they raise their snout to throw out the 
water: on replunging, they describe a semi-circle, their form being 
nearly globular from the extremity of the head to that of the tail. 
There is reason to believe, that when these animals proceed in 
pairs, they are composed of a male and female : and when in a 
larger body, that they constitute a single family, the individuals of 
which have not yet separated from each other. In this case, there 
is oiie which uniformly leads the way, the rest follow in a train 
almost close to each other, swimming lower in the water in pro- 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIOXS, &C. 105 

portion as they are more distant from the first. This habit, which 
I have observed upon our own Coasts, must doubtless be acquired 
At a very early period, when they keep close to the pectoral tins of 
the mother. These cetacea swim with amazing celerity; they dart 
forward, wheel about, cross and intersect each other's course, sud- 
denly stop short, rise, and descend, without intermission. 

STATE PAPER. 

NEUTIiAL SHIPS. 
GEORGE R. 

INSTRUCTION to our Courts of Admiralty, and to the 
Commanders of our Ships of War and Privateers, given at 
our Court at St. James's the twenty-ninth Day of June, 
1805, in the forty-fifth Year of our Reign. 

In consideration of the present state of Commerce, we are 
graciously pleased to direct, that Neutral Vessels, having on board 
the Articles hereinafter enumerated, and trading, directly or 
circiiitously, between the Ports of our United Kingdom and the 
Enemy's Ports in Europe (such Ports not being blockaded), shall 
not be interrupted in their Voyages by our >hips ol' War, or Pri- 
vateers, on account of such Articles, or any of them, being the 
property of our Subjects, trading with the Enemy, without having 
obtained our special license for that purpose ; and if atiy Neutral 
Vessel, trading as aforesaid, shall be brought into our Forts tor 
adjudication, such Vessel shall be forthwith liberated by our Courts 
of Admiralty, together with the enumerated Articles laden therein, 
which shall be shown to be British or Neutral Property. 

EXPORTS. 

List of Goods permitted to be exported to Holland, France, and Spain : 
British manufactures (not naval or military stores), grocery, allum, annetta, coflee, 
cocoa, calicoes, copperas, drugs (not dying drugs), rhubarb, spices, sugar, pepper, 
tobacco, vitriol, elephants' teeth> pimento^ cinnamon, nutmegs, cornelian stone* 
nankeens, East India bales, tortoise-shell, cloves, red, green, and yellow earths 
earthenware, indigo (not exceeding five tons in oue Vessel), woollens, rum, and 
prize goods not prohibited to be exported. 

IMPORTS. 

From Holland. Grain, (if importable according to the provisions of the Corn 
Laws), salted provisions of all sorts (not being salted beet' or pork), oak bark, flax, 
flax-seed, clover, and other seed, madder roots, salted hides and skins, leather, 
rushes, hoops, saccharum saturnij barilla, f malts, yarn, saffron, butter, cheese, quills, 
clinkers, terrace, geneva, vinegar, white lead, oilj tnrpcntiae, pit.h, hemp, bottles, 
wainscot boards, raw materials, naval stores, lace, French cambric aud lawns. 

9at. Cpron. (M.XIV. r 



108 NAVAL ANECDOTES, 

From France. Grain (as above), salted provisions of al! sorts (not being safleA 
beef or pork), seeds, saffron, rags, oak bark, turpentine, hides, skins, honey, wax 
fruit, raw materials, linseed cakes, tallow, weld, wine, lace, French cambrics and . 
lawns vinegar and brandy. 

From Spain. Cochineal, barilla, fruit, orchella weed, Spanish wool, indigo, 
hides, skins, shumac, tiquoi ice j nice, seeds, saffron, silk, sweet almonds, Castill* 
soap, raw materials, oak bark, aniseed, wine, cork, black lead, naval stores, 
vinegar and brandy. 

And we are further pleased to direct, that the foregoing enumeration may b$- ' 
added to, or altered by, any order of the Lords of our Council. 

By His Majesty's Command, 

HAWKESBURY. 

LORD MELVILLE. 

The COMMITTEE appointed to draw tip ARTICLES of IMPEACHMENT 
against HENRY Lord Viscount MELVILLE, have, pursuant to 
the Order of the House, prepared several Articles accordingly : 
zchich Articles are as follow; viz. 

ARTICLES exhibited by the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses, in Par- 
liament assembled, in the Name of themselves and of all the Comment, 
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, against HENRY 
Lord Yiscoimt MELVILLE, in Maintenance of their Impeachment 
against him for High Crimes and Misdemeanors. 

"WHEREAS the Office of Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy is 
an Office of high trust and confidence, in the faithful and uncor- 
vupt execution whereof, the Subjects of this Kingdom are most 
deeply interested ; and whereas the ancient constitution of the said 
Office of Treasurer of the Navy, and of other Offices concerned in 
the receipt, disbursement, and controul of the Public Money, 
having been found to be highly inexpedient in consequence of the 
Increased expenditure of the Country, did become the subject of 
frequent, long, and serious deliberation in Parliament: andwherca* 
by an Act of Parliament made and passed in the 20th year of the 
reign of his present Majesty, and by several subsequent Acts of 
Parliament, for appointing and enabling Commissioners to examine, 
lake, and state, the Public Accounts of this Kingdom, and for 
other purposes therein mentioned, certain Commissioners were 
constituted and appointed for examining, taking, and stating the 
Accounts therein particularly mentioned, and also for examining 
and stating in what manner, and at what times, the Receipts, 
issues, and Expenditures, of the Public Monies were accounted 
for; and for considering of and reporting by what means and 
method the Public Accounts might in future be passed, and th 
Accomptants compelled to pay the balances or monies due fro 



COMJirilCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 107 

them in a more expeditious, more effectual, and less expensive 
manner: and whereas the said Commissioners did inquire into and 
report upon the Public Accounts by the said Acts referred to their 
examination, and did discover and point out various abuses in many 
of the Public Offices estrusted with the receipt and expenditure of 
Public Money, and in particular in the Office of the Treasurer of 
His Majesty's Navy ; and did propose and recommend sundry 
good and wholesome provisions and regulations for the reformation 
of the same, and particularly for preventing the Public Money 
issued for Navy Services from coming into the possession and cus- 
tody of the Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, or the Officers or 
Persons employed imder him ; for dcpriv ing him and them of all 
opportunity of using and misapplying the Public Money to private 
purposes, and thereby exposing the same to the risk of loss : for 
making the Bank of England the sole place of deposit for the same ; 
itor removing, from thenceforward, all temptations and inducements 
to applications for more Public Money than was necessary for the 
Public Service; for preventing all unnecessary delay in passing the 
Public Accounts of the Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, and in 
restoring to the Public the balances remaining in his hands : and 
whereas the House of Commons having taken the Reports of the 
said Commissioners into consideration, upon the 19th day of June, 
1782, did (among other things) resolve, that some regulations 
ought to be adopted, for the purpose of lessening and keeping 
down the balances which appeared to have usually been in the 
hands of the Treasurer of the Navy ; and did further declare their 
opinion, that from thenceforward the Paj master General of His 
Majesty's Land Forces, and the Treasurer of the Navy for the 
time being, should not apply any Sum or Sums of Money imprested 
to them, or either of them, to any purpose of advantage or interest 
to themselves, cither directly or indirectly. 

And whereas, for the more effectually carrying into execution 
the said Resolutions of the House of Commons, His Majesty, by 
warrant under his Royal Sign Manual, bearing date the 22d day 
of June, 1782, was most graciously pleased to augment the salary 
of the Right Hon. Isaac Bariv, as Treasurer of His Majesty's 
Navy, and to add thereto the sum of 2,150/., that the said income 
might in future amount to 4000/., which His Majesty was then 
graciously pleased to grant to the said Isaac Barre, clear of all 
deductions, in full satisfaction of all wages and fees, and other 
profits and emoluments theretofore enjoyed by former Treasurers 
f His Majesty's Navy : and whereas, by Letters Patent, bearing 



108 NAVAL ANECDOTES, 

date the 19th day of August, 1782, His Majesty was graciously 
pleased to give and grant unto the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, now 
Lord Viscount Melville, the Office of Treasurer of His Majesty's 
Navy Royal and Ships, and Receiver-General of all Suras of Money 
appointed, or from time to time to be appointed and payable for 
the support, maintenance, and reparation of His Majesty's Navy 
Royal and Ships, for emptions and provisions appertaining to and 
necessary for the said Navy and Ships, and for wages, salaries of 
Office TS, Servants, and other persons whatever, belonging to the 
said Navy or Ships, or any other matter or thing whatsoever, in 
any manner touching or concerning the Navy Royal or Ships; and 
for the exercise and occupation of the said Office, and for and in 
satisfaction of all wages and fees of three pence of lawful Money 
for every pound to be received and paid by the said Henry Dun- 
das, by virtue of his said Office, His Majesty was further graciously 
pleased to give and grant unto him, by the said Letters Patent, an 
annuity, or yearly payment, of 2000/. : 

And whereas the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville repre. 
sented, or caused to be represented, or it was represented to His 
Majesty, that the said annuity or yearly payment of 2000/., alter 
deducting all charges, taxes, and expenses thereon, would not pro- 
duce to him the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville more than the 
Sum of 1,850/. in each year, or thereupon : whereupon His 
Majesty, by warrant under his Royal Sign Manual, bearing date 
the 23d day of October, 1782, was graciously pleased te declare 
that the income of the Treasurer of the Navy should be augmented 
with an additional allowance of 2,324/. 6*. 6</., in order to make, 
together with the said Sum of 1,850/., the said income to amount 
in future to the Sum of 4000/. : and His Majesty did thereby 
direct, authorize, and empower the said Henry Lord Viscourit 
Melville to take and- apply, out of such Monies as were in or 
should come to his hands, Or t& the hands of his Cashier, arisen or 
to arise by the sale of old Naval Stores, the said Sum of 2,324/. 6*. 6c/., 
which, together with the before-mentioned Sum of 1,850/., would 
make the said Sum of 4000/., which His Majesty was graciously 
pleased to grant him, clear of all deductions, in full satisfaction 
of all wages and fees, and other profits and emoluments theretofore 
enjoyed by former Treasurers of the Navy ; the same to commence 
and be computed from the r day of the date of the said Letters 
Patent, and to continue during his continuance in the said Office : 
and His Majesty did further direct, authorize, and empower the 
said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, in case the said additional 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTION'S, &C. 109 

allowance of 2324/. 6V. 6c/., together with the said several allow, 
ances before stated, should not produce in each year the net Sum 
of iOOO/.. r '> .^ urge the deficiency in theannual amount of Monies 
disbursed by him for fees of divers natures : and whereas the 
said Henry Lord Viscount Melville held and enjoyed the said 
Office of Tri-'Kurer of His Majesty's Navy, under the said Letters 
Patent, from t!ie 19th day of August, 1782, until the 10th day of 
April, 178,5: 

And whereas by Letters Patent, bearing date the 5th day of 
January, 1784. His Majesty was grao'imsly pleased again to give 
and grant unto the said Henry Lori Viscount Melville, the said 
Office of Treasurer of His Majesty's -Nary, in the same terms as in 
the said former Letters Patent of ths- 19th day of August, 1782; 
and upon a similar representation made or caused to be made by 
the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, or otherwise made to His 
Majesj y as that hereinbefore sta: d, His Majesty was graciously 
please!, by warrant under his K al Sign Manual, bearing date 
the 16th day of January, 1784, to augment the income of the said 
Office o! f , usurer of the Navy with an additional allowance of 
23 -4/. 61. 6d.~ in order to make the annual income of the Office 
amount to the said Sum of 40GO/. ; and which said income His 
Majesty was thereby graciously pleased to grant to the said Henry 
Lord Viscoim! Melville, clear of all deductions, in full satisfaction 
of all wap, :.'s ai; 1 fees, and other profits and emoluments theretofore 
enjoyed by former Treasurers of the Navy, and to secure and pro- 
vide for the due payment thereof in like manner as in the said for- 
mer warrant of the 23d day of October, 1782, is provided: 

And whereas the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, under and 
by virtue of the said last-mentiom'd Letters Patent, held ar;d 
enjoyed the said Office of Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, 
from the said 5th day of January, 1784, until the 31st day of 
May, 1800: 

And whereas on the 17th day of February, 1785, the House of 
Commons ordered that leave should be given to bring in a Bill for 
better regulating the Office of the Treasurer of His Majesty's 
JVavy, and that (together ", ith other Members of the said House 
of Commons) Mr. Henry Dundas, now Lord Viscount Melville, 
should prepare and bring in the same ; and, in pursuance of the 
said order, the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, on the 29th 
day of April, 178.), did present to the House ot Commons a Bill 
for better regulating the Office of the Treasurer of His Majes- 
ty's Navy ; and said Bill having passed the House of Commons, 



110 NATAL ANECDOTE*, 

was, in pursuance of an order of that House, carried by the said 
Henry Lord Viscount Melville to the House of Lords ; to whieh 
Bill he (in the name of the House of Commons) desired the con. 
currence of their Lordships. 

And whereas the said Bill, in the 25th year of His Majesty's 
reign, passed into a law, entitled " An Act for better regulating 
the Office of the Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy;" the 1st, 3d, 
4tb, and 5th Sections whereof are as follow : . 

1s< Section." Whereas it appears by the Reports made by the Com- 
missioners appointed to examine, take, and state the Public Accounts of the 
Kingdom, that regulations are necessary for better conducting the business 
in the department of the Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy; be it therefore 
enacted by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present 
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That from and 
after the 1st day of July, 1785, the Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy for 
the time being, in all memorials to be by him presented to the Treasury for 
Money for Navy Services, shall pray that such Sum as he requires may be 
issued to the Governor and Company of the Bank of England on his 
account, and shall transmit with each Memorial a Copy of the Letter or 
Letters from the Commissioners of the Navy, Victualling, and Sick and 
Hurt Boards, directing him to apply for such Sum or Sums; in which 
Letter or Letters the said Commissioners shall, and they are hereby required 
and directed to specify for what particular Service or Services the said 
Money is wanted, and shall also state the balances then in the hands of the 
Treasurer of the Navy under each head of Service respectively ; and the 
Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury for the time being, by their Letter 
from time to time, shall direct the Auditor of the Exchequer to issue to the 
Governor and Company of the Bank of England, on account of the Treasurer 
of His Majesty's Navy, naming such Treasurer for the time being, the Sum 
for which such Letter shall be drawn upon the unsatisfied order at the 
Exchequer, in favour of the said Treasurer, for which the Receipt of the 
Cashier or Cashiers of the said Governor and Company shall be a sufficient 
discharge; and all Sums for which Letters of the Commissioners of His 
Majesty's Treasury shall be drawn, shall be issued to the Governor and 
Company of the Bank of England in like manner as they have been hereto- 
fore issued to the Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy ; and all such Monies 
to be issued to the Governor and Company of the Bank of England shall 
be placed on an Account or Accounts to be raised in the Books of the 
Governor and Company of the said Bank of England, and to be entitled, 
" The Account of the Treasurer of His Majesty's IS aw," inserting the name 
of such Treasurer for the time being, for the Pay Branch, Cashier's Branch, 
and the Victualling Branch; and on receipt of all such Monies at the 
Exchequer, the Treasurer of the Navy shall immediately certify to the Com- 
missioners of the Navy an account of the whole Receipt under the respec- 
tive beads of Service, and sliall also certify to the Commissioners of the 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. Ill 

Victualling and Sick and Hurt Boards, the particular Suras received and 
applicable to those Services respectively." 

Sd Section. " And be it further enacted, That from and after the 1st 
day of July, 1715, no Money for the Service of the Navy shall be issued 
from His Majesty's Exchequer to the Treasurer of the NaYy, or shall be 
placed, or directed to be placed, in his hands or possession; but the same 
shall be issued and directed to be paid to the Governor and Company of 
the Bank of England, and to be placed to the Accounts above mentioned, 
according to the Services for which it was craved and issued." 

4:th Section. "And be it enacted, That the Treasurer of His Majesty's 
Navy for the time being, by himself, or the person or persons in his Office 
duly authorized by the said Treasurer, from and after the 1st day of July, 
1785,, shall draw upon the Governor and Company of the Bank of England 
for all Navy Services whatever, and shall specify in each and every draft 
the head of Service for which the same shall be drawn : and no draft of the 
said Treasurer, or the person or persons authorized as aforesaid, shall be 
deemed a sufficient voucher to the said Governor and Company of the Bank 
of England, unless the same specifies the head of Service for which it is 
drawn, and has been actually paid by the said Governor and Company of 
the Bank of England." 

' 5th' Section. " Provided always, That the Monies to be issued unto the 
Governor and Company of the Bank of England, on account of the Treasurer 
of his Majesty's Navy, shall not be paid out of the Bank unless for Navy 
Services, and in pursuance of drafts to be drawn on the' Governor and 
Company of the Bank of England, and signed by the Treasurer of His 
Majesty's Navy for the time being, or the person or persons authorized as 
aforesaid ; in which Drafts shall be specified the heads of Service to which 
the Sums therein mentioned are to be applied; and which Drafts so drawn 
shall be sufficient authority to the Bank to pay such Money to the persons 
mentioned in such Drafts, or to the bearer of them." 

And whereas the provisions contained in the said last-mentioned 
Act of Parliament were thereby directed to take place on the 1st 
day of July, 1785 ; but the execution of the said Act, with respect 
to the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville opening an Account 
or Accounts with the Governor and Company of the Bank of 
England, as thereby directed, was postponed by him until the 13th 
day of January, 1786, when the said Henry Lord Viscount Mel- 
ville opened an Account with the Governor and Company of the 
Bank of England, entitled, " Right Hon. Henry Dundas, Act of 
Parliament New Account ; " and which said Account was con. 
tinued by him until he quitted the said Office on the 31st of May, 
1800, and was the only Account kept by the* said Henry Lord 
Viscount Melville, as Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, with the 
Governor and Company of the Bank of England, under and in 
pursuance of the said Act of Parliament for regulating the said 



112 NAVAL ANECDOTES, 

And whereas on the said 10th day of January, 1786, while tlirf 
said Henry Lord Viscount Melville held and enjoyed the said 
Office of Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, he did constitute and 
appoint Alexander Trotter his Paymaster ; and the said Henry 
Lord Viscount Melville did, on the said 10th day of January, 
1786, duly authorize and empower the said Alexander Trotter to 
draw on the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, for 
and upon the account of him the said Henry Lord Viscount 
Melville as Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, all and every Sum 
and Sums of Money that then were or should hereafter be wanted 
for the Public Services, under the care of payment of the said 
Henry Lord Viscount Melville, the said Alexander Trotter being 
particularly careful to specify in each and every Draft the Service 
for which the Money should be drawn. 

.And whereas it was the duty of the said Henry Lord Viscount 
Melville, during all the time he held and enjoyed the said Office of 
Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, to abstain from applying him- 
self, and to prevent all persons acting under him from applying 
any part of the Money issued from His Majesty's Exchequer for 
Navy Services, to any purpose of advantage or interest to himself, 
or themselves, either directly or indirectly, or. to any other pur- 
poses than for Navy Services, and from deriving any profit or 
emolument therefrom: And from and after the passing of the said 
Act of Parliament of the 25th year of His Majesty's reign, for 
better regulating the Office of the Treasurer of His Majesty's 
Navy, it was the duty of the said Lord Viscount Melville to 
observe and pursue the provisions and directions of the said Act of 
Parliament ; yet the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, not 
satisfied with the ample revenue so provided for him as aforesaid^ 
nor regarding the duty of his high and important Office, or the 
express provisions of the said Act of Parliament, did, whilst he 
held and enjoyed the said Office, act and conduct himself fraudu- 
lently, corruptly, and illegally, hi the several instances herein set 
forth. 

FIRST ARTICLE. That the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, whilst he 
held and enjoyed the said Office of Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, and 
previous to the said 10th of January, 178(3, did take and receive from and 
out of the Money imprested to him as Treasurer of His Majesty's Exche- 
quer, the Sum of 10,0001., or some other large; Sum or Sums of Money, and 
did fraudulently and-illegally co-avert and apply the same to his own use, or 
to some other corrupt and illegal purposes, and to other purposes than those 
of the Public Navy Services of the Kingdom, to which alone the same was 
lawfully applicable; and did continue such fraudulent and illegal conversion 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 113 

and application of the said Sum or Stuns sf money after the passing of the 
said Act of Parliament for the better regulating the Office of the Treasurer 
of His Majesty's Navy. And the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville has 
declared that he never would reveal the application of the said Sum of 
10,0001., and in particular he did make such declaration in the House of 
Commons on the llth day of June, 1805; and then and there added, that 
he felt himself bound by motives of public duty, as well as private honour 
nd personal convenience, to conceal the same: all which conduct of th 
said Henry Lord Viscount Melville was contrary to the duty of his said 
Office, a breach of the high Trust reposed in him, and a violation of the 
Laws and Statutes of this Realm. 

SECO.ND ARTICLE. That the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, disre- 
garding the duties of his said Office, and in breach and violation of the said 
Act of Parliament for better regulating the same, did, after the passing of 
the same Act, and whilst the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville continued 
to hold and enjoy the said Office, connive at and permit and suffer the said 
Alexander Trotter, under and by virtue of the said authority so given to him 
by the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville as aforesaid, illegally to draw, 
receive, and take from the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, 
for other purposes than for immediate application to Navy Services, large 
Sums of Money from and out of the Monies before then issued unto the 
said Governor and Company of the Bank of England on account of the said 
Henry Lord Viscount Melville as Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy: and the 
said Henry Lord Viscount Melville did connive at and permit and suffer 
the said Alexander Trotter t place the said last-mentioned Sums of Money, 
or a great part thereof, so illegally drawn, received, and taken by him from the 
Governor and Company of the Bank of England as aforesaid, in the hands 
of Messrs. Thomas Coutts and Company, the private Bankers of the said. 
Alexander Trotter, in his own name*, and subject to his sole controul and 
disposition: all which conduct of the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville 
was contrary to the duty of his said (Mice, a breach of the high Trust 
reposed in him, and a violation of the Laws and Statutes of the Realm, 

THIRD ARTICLE. That after the passing of the said Act of Parliament 
for better regulating the Office of the Treasurer or' His Majesty's Navy, and 
after the said 10th day of January, 17SG, and whilst the said Henry Lord 
Viscount Melville held and enjoyed the said Office, large Sums of Money 
were from time to time issued and paid to the Governor and Company of 
the Bank of England, and placed on an Account raised in the Books of the 
said Governor and Company with the said Henry Lord Viscount MeJviile, 
entitled, " Right Honourable Henry Uundas, Act of Parliament new 
Account." And the said Alexander Trotter, under and by virtue of the 
said authority from the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, did from the 
said 10th day of January, 1786, during all the time the said Henry Lord 
Viscount Melville afterwards continued to hold and enjoy the said Oihce of 
Treasurer of His Maje.-ty's Navy, draw upon the said Governor and Com- 
pany of the Bank of England for and on account of the Monies so issued 
and paid to them, and placed to the said Account so raised in, their Booxt^ 



114 NAVAL ANKCDOTESj 

with the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, as such Treasurer as aforesaid : 
and the said Alexander Trotter did receive and take large Sums of Money 
so drawn by him from the said Governor and Company of the Bank of 
England as aforesaid. 

That the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville did, after the said 10th day 
of January, 1786, fraudulently and illegally permit and suffer the said 
Alexander Trotter to place many of the said Sums of Money so drawn, 
received, and taken by him from the Governor and Company of the Bank 
of England as aforesaid, m the hands of Messrs. Thomas Coutts and Com- 
pany, the private Bankers of the said Alexander Trotter, in his own name 
and at his own disposal: and the said Alexander Trotter did thereupon, 
with the privity, by the connivance, and with the permission of the said 
Henry Lord Viscount Melville, apply and use the said last-mentioned Sums 
of money, or great part thereof, for purposes of private advantage or 
interest, prolit and emolument, and did place the said Sums of Money, or 
a great part thereof, in the hands of the said Messrs. Coutts and Co., mixed 
with and undistinguished from the proper Monies of the said Alexander 
Trotter, whereby the said last-mentioned Sums of Money were not only 
applied to and used for purposes of private advantage or interest, profit and 
emolument, and for purposes other than Navy Services, but were also 
exposed to great risk of loss, and were withdrawn from the controul and 
disposition of the Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy; and the said Henry 
Lord Viscount Melville, by so conniving at and permitting and suffering the 
Public Money to be withdrawn from the Bank of England, and used and 
applied in manner aforesaid, acted in breach of the great trust and confidence 
reposed in him, in violation of the said Act of Parliament made for regu- 
lating his said Office, contrary to his duty, and against the Laws of this 
Realm, and to the evil cxample.of all persons entrusted in the great depart- 
inentsof the Public Service with any controul over the application and expen- 
diture of the Public Money. 

FOURTH ARTICLE. That after the said 10th day of January, 17HG, ami 
whilst the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville held and enjoyed the said 
Ojiice of Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, he the said Henry Lord Viscount 
Melville did fraudulently and illegally, for the purpose of advantage and 
interest to himself, or for acquiring or obtaining profit or emolument 
therefrom, or for some other corrupt or illegal purposes, and for purposes 
other than Navy Services, take and receive from the Public Money placed 
in his name at the Bank of England, as Treasurer of His Majesty's Nr.vy, 
the Suui of 10,0001., or *ome other large Sum or Sums of Money, and did 
fraudulently and illegally convert and apply the same to his own use, or to 
some other corrupt and illegal purposes. 

That during the time the said Alexander Trotter held and enjoyed the 
said Office or" Paymaster to the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville as 
aforesaid, and whilst the Mid Henry Lord Viscount Melville held and 
eiijoved the said Otlice of Treasurer uf His Majesty's Navy as aforesaid, he 
the said Alexander Trotter kept with the said Henry Lord Viscount 
Melville an Account current, entered in certain Books of Account, cou- 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 115 

taining entries of all the Sums paid and received by the said Alexander 
Trotter on the account of the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville : and 
by agreement between the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville and the 
said Alexander Trotter, bearing date the l8th and 23d days of February, 
1803, it is stated that they had either mutually delivered up to each 
other, or resolved and agreed mutually to cancel or destroy, all the 
Vouchers or other Memorandums and Writings thai at any time thereto, 
fore might have existed, passed, or been interchanged between them, re- 
lative to the said Accounts, and the different items and articles of which 
the said Accounts were composed or consisted: and the said Books of 
Account containing the said Account current, together with all Vouchers or 
other Memorandums and Writings in the possession of the said Alexander 
Trotter, and also of the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville relative thereto, 
were burnt and destroyed by the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville and 
Alexander Trotter: and the said stipulation contained in the said agreement 
for the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville and Alexander Trotter mutually 
delivering up to each other, or'for mutually cancelling and destroying all 
the said Voucher:-, or other Memorandums or Writings relative to the said 
Account, was so entered into; and the said Books of Accounts, Vouchers, 
Memorandums; and Writings, were so burnt and destroyed, with a view to 
conceal and prevent the discovery of the several advances of Money made 
by tiie said Alexander Trotter to the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, 
and of the several accounts or considerations for or upon which the same 
were so advanced. All which conduct of the said Henry Lord Viscount 
ille v.-as contrary to the duty of his said Oiiice, a breach of the high 
Trust reposed in him, and a violation of the Laws and Statutes of this 
Realm, and to ihc like evil exa.nple as aforesaid. 

FIFTH ARTICLE. That after the said 10th day of January, 1786, and 
whilst the said Alexander Trotter so continued the Paymaster of the said 
; y Lord Viscount Melville as aforesaid, and with such privity, connt- 
vunce, and permission as aforesaid, so applied and used the said Sums of 
Money, or great part thereof, for purposes of private advantage, profit, and 
emolument, as aforesaid, t!e said Usury Lord Viscount Melville fraudu- 
lently concealing the illegal use and application of the same, did procure, 
obtain, and receive from the said Alexander Trotter, advances of several 
Sums of Money, which were made to him, the said Henry Lord 
Viocount Melville, by the said Alexander Trotter, in part from Money so 
as aforesaid illegally drawn by him, the said Alexander Trotter, from the 
Governor and Company of the Bank of England, and in part from SUIJQS of 
Money so placed by the said Alexander Trotter in the hands of the said 
Messrs. Coutts and Co. as aforesaid, when mixed with and undistinguished 
from the proper Monies of the said Alexander Trotter : and for the pur- 
pose of more effectually concealing the said advances of Money, the said 
Books of Accounts, Vouchers, Memorandums, and Writings, were so as 
aforesaid burnt and destroyed. 

SIXTH ARTICLE. That amongst other advances of Money so as aforesaid 
obtained and received by the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville from the 
said Alexander Trotter, the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville did pro- 



116 NAVAL ANECDOTES, 

cure, obtain, and receive from the said Alexander Trotter, a Sum of 22,0001.,. 
or some oilier large Sum or Sums of Money advanced by the said Alexander 
Trotter to the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, without interest; part 
whereof was so advanced exclusively from Public Money so as aforesaid 
illegally drawn from the Governor and Company of the Bank of England by 
the said Alexander Trotter ; and other part whereof was advanced from the 
said Mixed l-'imd, composed as well of Public Money so as aforesaid illegally 
drawn by tiie said Alexander Trotter from the Governor and Company of the 
Bank of Kndand, and placed by him in the hands of the said Messrs. Coutts 
imd Co. as aforesaid, as of the proper Monies of the said Alexander Trotter 
in the hands of the said Messrs. Coutts and Co., which had been mixed 
therewith, and remained undistinguished therefrom: and for the purpose of 
more elfecuially concealing the said advances of Money, the said Books of 
Account, Vouchers, Memorandums, and Writings) were so as aforesaid burnt 
and destroyed.- 

SEVEN ru ARTICLE. That amongst other advances of Money so as afore- 
said obtained and received by the said Henry J^jrd Viscount Melville from 
the said Alexander Trotter, the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville did 
obtain and receive a .Sum of aa,000l., or some other large Sum or Sums of 
Mouev advanced to him by the said Alexander Trotter; and for which it ha* 
been allcdged by the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, that he was to pay 
interest: and for the purpose of more effectually concealing the said last- 
mentioned advances of Money, the said Books of Account, Vouchers, 
Memorandums, and NVriiln-s, were so as aforesaid burnt and destroyed. 

EIGHTH ARTICLE. That during all or great part of the time the said 
Alexander Trotter held and enjoyed the said Office of Paymaster to the said 
Henry Lord Viscount Melville as aforesaid, and the said Henry Lord Viscount 
Melville held anil enjoyed the said Omce of Treasurer of His Majesty's 
Nwy as aforesaid, he the said Alexander Trotter did gratuitously, and 
without salary or other pecuniary compensation, act in and transact the- 
private business of the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville, as his Agent, and 
was from time to time in advance for the said Henry Lord Viscount Mel- 
ville in that respect, to the amount of from 10,000 to 20,0001., or t some 
other great amount; and which advances were taken from the said Sums of 
Money so placed by the sa;d Alexander Trotter in the bauds of the said 
Messrs. Coutts and Co., consisting, in part, of Public Money drawn by him 
from the Governor and Company of the Bank of England as aforesaid, and 
in part of his osvn Private Monies mixed therewith, and undistinguished 
therefrom, as aforesaid : by means whereof the said Henry Lord Viscount 
Melville did derive benefit and advantage from the aforesaid illegal acts of 
the said Alexander Trotter. _ 

And the said Alexander Trotter did so gratuitously, and without salary, 
act jn aud transact the private business of the said Henry Lord Viscount 
Melville, and mnke him such advances f Mouey as aforesaid, in considera- 
tion of the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville conniving at and permitting 
and sufiering the said Alexander Trotter so as aforesaid to apply and mak 
use of the said Sums of Public Money so drawn by him from the Bauk of 



COMMERCIAL HINTB, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 117 

England, and applied and appropriated for purposes of private advantage 
or interest, profit and emolument, as aforesaid: and the said Alexander 
Trotter would nt have been, and was well known to the said Henry Lord 
Viscount Melville not to have been able to make such advances of Money 
to the said Henrv Lord Viscount Melville as aforesaid, otherwise than from 
and by means of the said Sums of Public Money so drawn by the said 
Alexander Trotter from the Bank of England, with the privity, connivance, 
and permission of the said Henry Lord Viscount Melville as aforesaid, and 
applied by the said Alexander Trotter for purposes of private advantage, 
interest, profit, and emolument: all which proceedings and conduct of the 
said Henry Lord Viscount Melville were contrary to the duty of his said 
Office, in breach of the great Trust reposed in him, and in gross violation, 
of the Laws and Statutes of this Realm: and by all and every one of the 
aforesaid acts done and committed by him, the said Henry Lord Viscount 
Melville, he was and is guilty of High Crimes and Misdemeanors. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 

MR. EDITOR, 

*TnHE following very curious Paper, drawn up during last War, 
was in possession of a Naval Officer of Rank, and must 
prove interesting to your Readers. S. P. 



Project for taking Possession of the Kingdom of CHILI, by the 
Arms of His Britannic Majesty. 

PROPOSALS of the nature of those I have now the honour to 
present, are in general the fruit of the leisure of Statesmen, or of 
Military Men. The profession .of Commerce, however, in a Coun- 
try like this, necessarily opens the mind to extensive views : and 
the transition is so easy from the practical to the speculative part, 
that I trust I may be forgiven if I seem to have invaded a province 
that docs not properly belong to me. 

^Nly object is to point out the easy and certain means of acquiring 
a Possession which cannot fail of opening a most lucrative and 
extensive Trade to this Country: or, if this should be looked upon 
as a consideration secondary to that of offering a most important 
restitution to one of the Powers at War, the alternative may b 
adopted with great advantage at the time of a Treaty. 

It would not be respectful to the judgment of those to whom 

this Project is submitted, to enter into any general arguments to 

prove the advantages of extending our Trade and increasing our 

Industry. These are well known to be the vital causes of that 

7 



118 CORRESPONDENCE. 

almost supernatural energy which this Country has shown in the 
present Contest. Our Naval Victories, which have raised the 
reputation of our Arms, and secured the inviolability of our 
Shores, may be traced to Commercial Sources; and their brilliancy 
will not be tarnished by owning the origin from whence they flow. 
The Bolts of War are forged on our Anvils, and the Banners of 
Victory are woven in our Looms. 

It is humbly submitted, that the following Plan will open Com- 
mercial Views of a new and extensive nature, and will afford an 
opportunity, at a small expense of Men and Money, for the further 
display of British Energy and National Enterprise. 

The Invasion of Egypt by the French employed 35,000 Men, 
14 Sail of the Line, and a proportion of Frigates. A large num- 
ber of their most valuable Officers, and the reputation of the 
Government, were staked on the success, and the attention of 
Europe was fixed on the event, of this formidable Expedition. It 
is impossible to determine what may be their ulterior design ; but 
it is humbly conceived that their present fortune would be equalled, 
and their future prospects surpassed, by the operation of a Force 
not exceeding 5,500 Men, 3 Ships of the Line, and 3 Frigates, 
of the Troops and Fleet of His Majesty. The advantages to be 
derived from this Ente. prize; the prospect of success; the means 
of making good the expenses of the Expedition to the Public, shall 
now be entered upon, as well as the numbers and description of 
the Force by Sea and Land, the season for the Enterprize, the 
Points of re-union, and that of Attack. But previously to this 
statement, I should wish to premise a few words on the reasons' 
which have induced me to prefer the Kingdom of Chili, as the 
object of an Knterprize, to any other of the Provinces of South 
America. To this purpose I shall beg leave to give a short Extract 
from the Voyage of a late, and, in this instance, a disinterested 
Navigator, who has visited, as a Politician and Philosopher, that 
part of the South American Coast. 

' There is not," says M. Perouse, " a soil in the Universe more 
fertile than that of Chili. Corn yields sixty for one. The Vine- 
yards are equally productive; and the Plains are covered with 
innumerable flocks, which multiply beyond all conception, though 
abandoned entirely to themselves. The common price of a fat ox 
is eight dollars ; that of a sheep, three quarters of a dollar; but 
there are no purchasers, and the Natives are accustomed every 
year to kill a great number of oxen, of which the hides and tallow- 
are alone preserved, and sent to Lima. There is no particular 



CORRESPONDEXCE. 119 

disease incident to the Country; but one which I dare not name 
is very common. Those who arc fortunate enough to escape it 
live to a very great age. There are at Conception several persons 
who have completed a century. This Kingdom, of which the pro- 
ductions, if carried to their highest pitch, would feed half Europe ; 
of which the wool would suffice for the Manufacturers of France 
and England ; and of which the cattle, if salted down, would pro- 
duce an immense revenue. This Kingdom, I say, is totally 
destitute of Commerce. Four or five small Vessels arrive every 
year from Lima, with sugar, tobacco, and a few articles manufac- 
tured in Europe, which u the unfortunate Inhabitants are obliged 
to purchase at the second or third hand ; and after duties have been 
paid at Cadiz, at Lima, and lastly, on entering Chili, they give in 
exchange wheat, which is so cheap, that the Cultivator feels no 
desire to cultivate his waste Lands, tallow, hides, and a few 
planks." 

The Expeditions that have been hitherto directed against the 
Coatinent of South America have been so trilling and nugatory, 
that they appear rather to have been intended as vexatious and 
predatory, than as the firm and vigorous efforts of a great Nation 
against a powerful Enemy. They have been ill-timed as to sea- 
sons, and ill-imagined as to their objects. In consequence, they 
have uniformly failed. In the Expedition against Omoa half of 
the Europeans who landed died in six weeks; but of the Negroes 
very few, and not one out of '200 who were Africans born. In 
that directed against St. Juan none of the Europeans retained their 
health, while the greater part of the Negroes returned to Jamaica 
in as good health as they left it. In both cases the British Troops 
had to war with a Climate which no European constitution could 
bear; and even if they had succeeded in the first instance, a con- 
stant waste of Men, and the necessity of a perpetual supply, would 
have been the inevitable consequence. The Kingdom of Chili, on 
the contrary, offers a Climate, the salubrity of which is not to be 
surpassed, and scarcely to be equalled by any Country in the old 
World; while the Abundance of its resources, as to grain, cattle, 
horses, mules, wine, hemp, and many other articles of necessity 
and comfort, render it to a philosophic eye a much more tempt- 
ing prey, than those Countries which so far exceed it in gold and 
silver. It is indeed the comparative want of those articles that, 
in the opinion of the Proposer, gives it a decided preference; as. 
that very circumstance awakens a hope of our being able to retain 
it after a Peace. IIere ? however'; it may be necessary to observe, 



120 

that by the Kingdom of Chili is meant only the extent of Coast 
from the River Biobio, (which forms the Boundary to the South, 
agreed upon between the Spanish Government and the Indians,) 
to the Desert of Atacamas. This Territory may be estimated at 
About 700 miles in length, and 90 in breadth : an extent most 
assuredly far exceeding the cultivated parts of Egypt. 

This Kingdom of Chili is in fact the Granary which supplies th 
apparently rich Country of Peru with the necessary article of 
wheat. At the Port of Valparaiso it is sold for exportation to 
Limaatsolow a price, that the Freight from Chili to Peru (a short 
Coasting Voyage of 400 leagues) considerably more than doubles 
the original purchase. We may here take occasion to observe, that 
although a bushel of wheat at Valparaiso sells for one dollar, of 
4s. 6d. English money, it is by no means to be inferred that this is 
not an extremely low price, when compared with the average 
value of grain in Europe. A pound of iron, which in this Country 
is purchased for one penny, brings one dollar at Chili. It would 
be therefore as unphilosophical in us to form our judgment of the 
price of grain in Chili, from the ratio of silver that is required to 
purchase it there, as it would be in a Chilese to estimate the com- 
parative value of our grain from the number of pounds of iron 
required to purchase, or to give in exchange for, a bushel of wheat 
here. In estimating the value of this, and every other commodity 
at Chili, we must indeed be careful to keep in view the low price 
of silver and gold in that Country ; or, in other words, the abun* 
dance of the articles which form the common media of exchange. 
To an European ear the number of dollars will by no means con- 
vey a just idea of the commodity for which they are given in South 
America; and we can arrive at the true criterion only by attending 
to the relative value which the productions of different Countries 
bear to the prices of labour in the Country where they arise. 
Thus in Great Britain we know that a common labourer, by the 
severest exertion, is unable to earn 3*. 6d. per diem, or half * 
bushel of wheat. But the loiterer in Chili, who amuses himself in 
washing the sands of the Rivers, is able to obtain in, two days the 
value of a dollar in gold dust. Here then we see the comparative 
cheapness of the article of wheat by the little expense of manual 
labour at which it is procured. 

Of the advantages to be derived from the Enterprize, I beg leave 
to represent, that the procuring a Port for the South Whale 
Fishery (which might be carried on to great advantage.) close to, 
all the Shores of Chili, either on the Continent, in the Island of 



CORRESPONDENCE. ISl 

Chiloe, or even at J nan Fernandez, would be no inconsiderable 
objert; though much inferior to that of being able to disseminate 
our Manufactures through the wide extent of South America by 
means of the Indians ; and, by introducing them at a cheap rate, 
to. excite a more general taste for them through the Country. 
Notwithstanding the geographical position, the Regions even 
under the Equator, by their great elevation, require all the -warmth 
of European clothing ; while the Towns and more polished parts 
oi" the Country would demand a very large supply of the finer 
goods of Europe and India. 

To whichever of the fabrics of the latter description, whether to 
the linn texnires of India, or to the cheaper and almost equally 
specious imitations of them made in England, the taste of the 
Xatives might incline, the advantage would be equally great. By 
absorbing a large quantity of the goods of India, the competition 
between these articles and the manufactures of Great Britain would 
be lessened; or by occasioning an additional demand for the 
latter, the dissatisfaction of the Manufacturers at home would be 
obviated. Even should a decided preference be given to the for- 
mer, and though the European importation of them should not be 
lessened, we could not justly envv either that or any other advantage 
to a Country from which we draw such ample supplies. Even the 
importation of tea into Chili, though not an immediate branch of 
Trade from this Country or its Indian Possessions, might, how- 
ever, prove of essential service, as giving employment and offering 
encouragement to a vast number of Seafaring People in the car- 
rying a Trade avowedly of the utmost consequence to a Nation 
whose very existence depends on the strength of its Navy, and a 
supply of active and experienced Seamen. Our woollen, iron, 
steel, lead, cutlery, hardware, watches, glasses, hats, and the 
infinite variety of articles which fashion or example might intro- 
duce; conveyed from Chili to Pern and Mexico, and over the 
Andes to Buenos Ayres, and Paraguay, on droves of mules, 
(which is become a separate and considerable branch of Trade), 
would appear like gifts to a People who have hitherto only 
received them loaded with the multiplied exactions of the Ports of 
Cadiz, Vera Cruz, Liw, and Conception, and which have put 
them beyond the reach of the greater part of the People. The 
policy of Spain has not seen the advantage of preferring a small 
gain on an immense population, to an exorbitant monopoly 
operating on a few: in consequence, the revenues of Chili do not 
cover the expense of its Civil and Military Establishment, though 

fiato. Sfcron. EoI.XIV. R 



COnilESPONDEXCE. 

the latter, according to the largest statement, does not exceed, 
independent of the Garrison of Valdivia, 1240 Men. 

The returns to Britain would be chiefly in gold and silver, and 
the wool of the Vigogna, Lima, and Pacao ; which would give a 
new value to our great staple, (which exists at present by the 
sufferance of the export of Spanish wool), and in some other matters 
of curiosity. I must not however omit the bark of Peru, so cele- 
brated in medicine. 

The Commerce between Chili and India would be carried on in 
all the variety of cottons; in shawls, sugar, spices, and tobacco ; 
and the returns made in gold, silver, dried fruits, leather, and cop- 
per, of most excellent quality. The quantity of this might be 
regulated, and would not interfere with the Exports of the East 
India Company, as a certain quantity of fine copper of Japan is 
constantly imported into India. 

Chili would send corn, wine, butter, salt meat, fruits, leather, 
and hemp, to the Cape of Good Hope. It may be doubted whe- 
ther it would be prudent to discourage the produce of that Country ; 
but no disadvantage could arise from its being known to the Dutch 
Settlers, that such things might be easily procured if they did not 
supply them. I know of nothing that the Cape has to give them in 
return. 

The Island of St. Helena might be cheaply and abundantly sup. 
plied with all kinds of provisions, and the Settlement in New South 
Wales might receive from Chili numberless articles of grain and 
cattle, of which it cannot as yet produce a sufficient quantity to 
maintain its Inhabitants. 

[To be concluded in our next.] 



MR. EDITOR, 

TF the accompanying gives satisfaction, it \\ill please your well- 
A wisher, T. M. B. 

Royal Marines. 

IT is the Inscription on the Stone placed over the Remains of 
Admiral Kenbow, in Kii-gston Church, Jamaica; his Grave lies 
near the Altar, in the middle Aisle, which rises one or two steps 
about twelve feet before you arrive at the railing; it is a plain 
blue Stone, laid horizontally ; on the head of it, and in a circle, are 
his Arm, which chi< fly consist of bonded Bows and Arrows; the 
representation oi' which I forgot to sketch when I copied the 
following Inscription : 



123 

HERE LIE THE REMAINS 
OF 

JOHN BENBOW, ESQ. 

ADMIRAL OF T.HE WHITE; 

A true pattern of British Courage, who lost his Life in defence 
of his Queen and Country, Nov. 4, A.D. 1702, of a wound 
received in his leg in an Engagement with Monsieur du Casse. 
He died lamented. 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

Letter from Mr. THOMAS EARNSHAW to Sir CHARLES 
MIDDLETON, Bart. 

SIR, No. 119, High Holborn, Nov. 27, 1797. 

AS one of the Commissioners of Longitude, I take the liberty 
to send you a Copy of my Petition, which I mean to lay 
before the Honourable Board at their next meeting. 

I have to hope you will not think the same too tedious, as the 
length of it is owing to the many facts which it contains, so 
necessary to prove the justness of my claim to public reward. 

In the year 1792, 1 presented a Petition to the Board, which 
I was so unfortunate as to have misunderstood : to prevent a 
similar accident to my present Petition, I have sent a Copy to 
each Member, that they may peruse the same at their leisure, 
and have an opportunity of making themselves thoroughly 
acquainted with its contents, being well satisiied of the support 
of every Member, as far as the grounds of my claim shall appear 
just. 

On reading the printed observations of Sir Joseph Banks, on 
Mr. Mudge's Petition to Parliament, I find the following : 
" That if Mr. Arnold could only have received common Salvage 
for the Ships that have been saved from Shipwreck by the use 
of his instruments, there is little doubt that he would at this time 
have been, in point of pecuniary circumstances, much above 
demanding, or receiving a reward, even out of the mone^ of the 
Nation." 



124 PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

If the above observation in respect to Mr. Arnold is just, 
which it most cert? inly is, with how much more force does it 
apply to me, the rates of whose Time-keepers have so far 
excelled Mr. Arnold's, I must leave to the good sense and 
justice of the Honourable Board to determine. 

And am, with great respect, 
Your most obedient humble Servant, 

Sir Chrl*Middkt*n; Bart., THOMAS EARNSHAW. 

Admiral of the White Squadron. 



The humble PETITION 'of THOMAS EARNSHAW to the Right 
Honourable and Honourable the COMMISSIONERS of LON- 
GITUDE. 

MY LOIIDS AND GENTLEMEN, 

IN the year 1791 I petitioned this Honourable Board, most 
humbly praying that they would be pleased to grant me some aid, 
agreeable to the Act of Parliament, to enable me to persevere in 
my pursuits and experiments for the better discovery of the Lon- 
gitude by Time-keepers, which aid I did not obtain, and had the 
mortification of seeing the Pieces of Mr. Josiah Emery, an inferior 
Mechanic, accepted and tried before mine, which I confess very 
much damped my ardour, and laid me under the necessity of 
obeying the common and ordinary calls of my business, such as 
making common clocks and watches, and mending old ones, for my 
support. My time being thus taken up, has caused many to 
observe, that I might have been much better employed, and more to 
the service of the Public, as the Time-keepers I have made fully 
prove ; and thus being obliged to follow the common tract of my 
business for want of aid, verifies the assertion made by the Com- 
mittee of the House of Commons appointed to try the merits of 
Mr. Mudge's Petition, who said, " that it was to be feared few 
Artists would quit the certain gains of their profession, to enter into 
things so discouraging and precarious : " but seeing the reward 
given by Parliament to Mr. Mudge, spurred me on, and awakened 
that spirit which had long slept : this, together with the bad going 
of Mr. Emery's Time-keepers, made me resolve to offer to the 
Reverend Dr. Maskelyne, Astronomer Royal, one of my Time- 
keepers for trial, which he accepted, on the 4th day of January, 
1706, and compared it daily for twelve months, agreeable to the 
Act of Parliament; and if held to the strict letter of the Act, 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPEKS. 125 

allowing no rate, my Time-keeper has gone greatly within the 
narrowest limits of the Act; as its greatest error, from mean time 
in twelve months, is only 1' 56" 46: \vliercas the Act only demands 
the Time-keeper should not err two minutes in six months, and 
gives a reward of ten thousand pounds. 

But if a rate is to be assumed for the Time-keeper, then I believe 
it will be found not to have exceeded the widest limits of the Act, 
which gives a reward of five thousand pounds. I am well aware 
the Act demands two Time-keepers to be tried for two years, and 
that I have only delivered one to the Astronomer Royal, and that 
has been only tried for one year: the greatest objection therefore 
that can be made on this head is, that I have only performed one 
fourth of the task prescribed by the Act. If so, I hope this 
Honourable Board will think it fair that I should receive one 
fourth of the wages so allowed by the Act, which says, " if at a 
future period the full terms of the Act shall be performed, then the 
sum or sums before granted, to be a part of the whole." But on 
further consideration, when one Time-piece is made, and has 
undergone two trials in the Eastjndies under the care of Captain 
Gray, of the Rose, East Indiaman, and found to answer his utmost 
wishes, as well as this last trial made by the Astronomer Royal, 
I trust this Honourable Board will allow that its good going 
depends on its principle, and not on accident, and that consequently 
the greatest part of the work is done, as certainly the main part 
lies in the invention; and as further proof of this, I beg leave to 
mention the going of the other two Pieces of the same construction, 
one of which has been tried by Captain Simpson, of the Carron, 
East Indiaman, who says in his letter to me, " Your Time-keeper 
has measured three times the circuit of India, and once "to China, 
within the error of thirteen miles, which is more than I ever knew 
any one do before." Another, tried by Mr. Butt, a Gentleman of 
Science, living in Dover Place, Newington. tried for two year-; 
successively, and has kcpt'within the limits of the Act : and as this 
last tried by the Astronomer Royal has gone better than those 
made by the late Mr. Mudge, in the proportion of two and five, 
I flatter myself that this Honourable Board will think it a just 
ground for the hopes of reward: and this better going of my 
Time-keeper fully proves the justice of the assertion made by a 
Member of this Honourable Board, saying, *' that to reward 
Mr. Mudge, would evidently be rewarding the inferior and neg- 
lecting the superior Mechanic." 

Having in this last, and many other trials of my Time-keepers, 



126 PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

fully proved their superiority over those made by the late Mr. 
Mudge, not only for their better going,- but their cheapness, on 
account of the simplicity of their construction, which renders their 
performance much more to be depended on : this being so well 
proved to many who have tried them, I am persuaded by my 
friends to petition this Honourable Board. 

And do therefore most humbly pray of you, my Lords 
and Gentlemen, that you will be pleased to take the 
going of my Time-piece, lately tried by the Astronomer 
Royal, into consideration, and grant me such aid or 
reward for the same as in your wisdom and liberality 
shall seem meet respecting myself: well assured, that 
such of you, my Lords and Gentlemen, as were for 
rewarding Mr. Mudgc, on account of the good going of 
his Time-keepers, will be as warm Advocates for me. 
THOMAS EARNSHAW, 
119, High Holborn, Nov. 27, 1797. 

MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEX, 

IT may be necessary, in addition to the above, for me to say 
something of the superiority of my Time-keepers over those made 
by Mr. Arnold; I have therefore to observe, that in the year 1791, 
Captain Bligh having obtained leave of the Admiralty to purchase 
a Time-keeper, at his jrequest a trial was made by the Astronomer 
Royal of my Time-keepers against Mr. Arnold's : mine were three 
small pocket Time-keepers, at the very low price of forty guineas 
each ; Mr. Arnold's were three box Time-keepers, suspended in 
gimbols, at the price of eighty guineas each, two of which he made 
for this Honourable Board, ordered for the use of the unfortunate 
Mr. Gooch; and although my Time-keepers were so small, and only 
at half the price of Mr. Arnold's, they were found to go better 
than his; and one of mine was taken by Captain Bligh -on that 
account. 

The Astronomer Royal thought proper to purchase one of tht 
above-mentioned pocket Time-keepers of mine for this Honourable 
Board, for the use of Mr. Trooch on his then intended Voyage. 
This small Time-keeper, though almost constantly worn in the 
pocket, was found, during that Voyage, far to excel Mr. Arnold's 
box Thne-keep'Ts, which were always kept in a horizontal posi- 
tion. This decided superiority of my Time-keeper can be proved by 
Mr. Whitby, Master of His Majesty's Ship the Discovery, who 
received the Time-keepers after the decease of Mr. Gooch ; and 
who, in consequence of its superiority, sent an order to me by 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 127 

Lieutenant, now Captain Broughton, for one of the same sort, 
which Captain Broughton took with him in the Ship Providence, 
when he last sailed from England: Captain Broughton likewise 
took with him a new box Time-keeper of Mr. Arnold's, at eighty 
guineas price ; and here again is another decisive proof in my 
favour, as the Pieces of mine which were tried in this Voyage witb 
Captain Broughton, were found to excel Mr. Arnold's, which can 
be proved by letters from Mr. Crosby, Astronomer on board the 
same Ship. 

Another comparative trial happened at the Royal Observatory, 
Greenwich, between a small pocket Time-keeper of mine at the 
price of thirty-five guineas, against another box Time-keeper of 
Mr. Arnold's, at the price of eighty guineas. On the excellent 
going of this box Time-keeper Mr. Arnold made great boastj 
saying it had gone better than any Time-keeper whatever; but on 
comparing its rate with that of my little cheap Watch, it was found 
to be inferior to it, although Mr. Arnold's held a most capital 
rate. This Time-keeper of Mr. Arnold's was immediately afterwards 
taken on a Voyage to the East Indies by Captain Cheap, of the 
Britannia, East India Ship, and unfortunately for Mr. Arnold, a 
Mr. Barrow, then Chief Mate of the Britannia, but now Captain 
of the said Ship, had another little Time-keeper of mine at the price 
of thirty-five guineas, which likewise excelled Mr. Arnold's; so 
that this boasted box Time-keeper of Mr. Arnold's, at eighty 
guineas, was beaten by two small pocket Time-keepers of mine at 
the low price of thirty-five guineas. From these and many other 
proofs which I can give, if called on, of a decided superiority over 
Mr. Arnold, I trust, that as Mr. Arnold has received great sums 
of money from this Honourable Board, on account of his abilities, 
that they will not suffer superior merit to go unrewarded. 

In July 1796 another comparative trial was demanded by the 
Admiralty, of the excellence of the Time-keepers of the following 
different makers: Arnold, Mudge, Brockbank, Barrand, and 
myself. This demand has been fulfilled, and the trial made by Mr. 
Whitby, on board the Sans Parcille, and reported to the Admiralty 
accordingly : the result is, that a common Time-keeper of mine, at 
the price of sixty-five guineas, has beat them all, although the price 
of three of those tried against mine was ninety guineas each. Lord 
Hugh Seymour had likewise a small pocket Watch of mine, at the 
price of twenty guineas only, which was not interior in going to 
those expensive machines made by my antagonists. 

lisas informed by the Astronomer Royal, at the last meeting of 



128 PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

this Honourable Board, an objection was made against rewarding 
me on the following head: " That there were many Timeikeeper 
makers, and the prices they charged for them were a sufficient reward, 
without bestowing any of the public ones." To this I answer, 
that the prices charged for Time-keepers are no more than to pro- 
duce the ordinary profits of the trade as on other articles ; and the 
reason there arc so many makers, is owing to the simplicity and 
excellence of the plan on which I have constructed them, which 
renders them so cheap, and easy to be made, and which has 
brought them into such general use ; and surely the Man who has 
done this is more deserving of public reward than those who have 
spent the main part of their lives in making only four machines, 
to complex as to prevent accurate going, and no expensive us to 
fender it impossible for them ever to come into general use ; and 
as all the Time-keepers that are now made of any note are made on 
my plan, by Arnold, Brockbank, Barrand, and others, however 
well they may go, it is still doing honour to, and proving the 
excellence of my Invention^ and I am therefore persuaded that 
after this explanation this Honourable Board, will not urge that as 
a reason against me, Avhich ought to give me the strongest claim 
to public favour; namely, that of having by the labour and study 
of eight years invented and brought into general use Time-keepers 
so simple and excellent, which have been repeatedly proved to be 
much better and cheaper than all others, and upon a construction 
which is now followed, used, and copied by the Trade. 

Note. Mr. Harrison spent forty-five years in bringing his plan to 
bear; the price of his machines were ten times that of mine. Mr. 
Mudge spent twenty years in the same pursuit, and the price of his 
machines arc three times that of mine, and arc proved to be much 
inferior to those made by me. THOMAS EARNSHA W. 

AMIDST the Reform which is at present going on in 
every part of our Naval Department, we have thought it would 
prove particularly interesting, especially to our Professional 
Readers, to peruse some Extracts from a Book long since out 
of print, entitled Naval Speculations, and' Maritime Politicks : 
being a modest and brief Discourse of the Royal Nary of 
England ', and of its (Economy and Government, In/ HKNET 
MA^DMAN, 1691. Dedicated to the Earl of Pembroke, 
First Lord of the Admiralty. 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 129 

These Extracts are taken from the third Division of Mr, 
Maydman's excellent Work, (page 6l,) entitled The Yards; and 
also from the eighth Division, (page 229,) styled, Of the 
Seminary for Breeding and Maintaining of Seamen. 



1. The Commissioner. 

2. The Clerk of the Checque. ' 

3. The Matter-Builder. 

4. The Store-Keeper. 

5. The Master-Attendant. 

6. The Clerk of the Survey. 

7. The Warrant-Officers in Ordinary. 

8. The Purveyors. 

First 'The Commissioners formerly, if a Captain brought in 
his Ship, and was ordered to turn over his Company into another; 
the Commissioner seeing the emergency of the occasion, and that 
it was for the advancement of the Service; and that his Hands 
were enough to clear the former Ship, and fit her for the Dock 
against the approaching Spring, or to clean her on the ways ; 
and, at the same time, also to ballast, rig, and store the other, 
that so the Service might not be impeded or disappointed, the 
Hands at the Dock prepared, and the Dock to receive her : I say, 
that they be not forced to be employed another way, and the Dock 
lie void, and a Ship full of Stores and Tackle lie by, for want of 
Hands to clear her: the Commissioner would immediately, either 
by word of mouth, or order in writing, order, that so many of 
such a Ship's Hands do this, and so many that, which was 
accordingly done: but of late, other proceedings have been, and 
clean contrary : nay, I doubt, to further the Service, the Com- 
missioner hath been constrained to advance the money imprested 
for the Yard, to pay the Men for doing it: and also, the Captain 
to refuse to let some of his Men to hoist out the provisions, which 
he left in the former, to put into the new-fitted Ship, without 
money to pay his Men for it ; if the Commissioner have protested 
he had no money, the thing so lies undone, and the provision lie* 
in the Ship, until his good-will comes, or that he could not victual 
the other without it; and, at last, sendeth some Hands for some 
of it; and the rest, with the ballast, guns, and stores, lies in her 
till she have slipt one Spring; and, with very great difficulty ? majr 

2a*. Cfcroa. QSoI.XlV. s 



130 PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

be gotten into the Docks the last Tide of the second Spring, the 
Dock lying empty all that while, and the Hands prepared for her, 
for a shift, turned to some other work. O prodigious proceedings ! 
by one handful may be known the whole sack. 

How far a Commissioner's authority runs in respect to a Captain 
now, I do not pretend to know; but formerly I have known it 
extended even to the ordering all his Ship's Company in Harbour, 
as he thought good, for the advancement of the Service : nay, if 
the Captain (in spleen) would under-rate any Officer, Seaman, or 
Servant, to prejudice him, the Commissioner would do him right; 
and if the Captain should abuse any Officer, or use any unreason- 
able Command towards any Officer, or any of his Company, upon 
his first knowledge thereof, he would reprehend the Captain; and 
if thai were not enough, he would acquaint the Admiialty there- 
with, and become an Advocate to procure justice for the wronged 
Party. I am sure he is sworn to do justice, as a Justice of Peace 
isj and to act so between the King and Subject, in all matters 
under his cognizance; and the like between Subject and Subject, 
or else I am mistaken. But if the. Captain's Commission be now 
too high for his reach, I know not, but will refer it to those who 
gave them both. But this I know, that the Service is lame, and 
halts shrewdly thereby. 

The Commissioners of the Yards have been of great use and 
service to the affair; but how they are now, I have so lately given 
you a handful out of a full sack, that there is no farther need to 
declare. 

Secondly I come now to the Clerk of the Checque, who is an 
Officer of great trust, and musters and checques all Men, both in 
the Yard Harbour, and adjacent Roads, where he can come conve- 
niently, as his instructions import: he casts up all Men's wages for 
their Services ; makes and delivers books for their quarterly pay- 
ment, and checques all absent time : he makes out bills for all 
manner of Stores : he gives Warrants to the Victuallers, to issue 
victuals to all Ships' Companies, both ordinary and extraordinary, 
called Petty Warrants; and ne is the Cashier to pay all contingen- 
cies of the Yard, viz. petty emptions, and all other emptions and 
contingent charges; and the Commissioner's bills, with the Parties' 
receipts, are his vouchers, to clear the imprest bills granted him, 
which are great sums. His Office consists of many intricate and 
difficult parts, and requires an expert Clerk ; one that knows the 
rules and methods of the Navy; a Man of good judgment in 
biuineis, sharp-sighted, and crafty, to prevent the shifts, shams, 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS, 1S1 

and cosenages, that else will be put upon him; of skill to dis- 
cern the goodness and right qualities of the Stores served in ; to 
be vigilant, and watchful, that the Men be not out of the Yard 
when they should be at work ; or purloining and embezzling the 
King's goods ; nor be not in their beds, or at ale-houses, whilst 
they should be attending the work of their nights and tides, and 
yet be paid for it : and, in fine, to be a vigilant, painful, honest, 
and withal a very just Man; or else he may do many Men much 
wrong, and discourage many good Men. 

This Officer is of that general use, that he had need be endowed 
with as many good parts as can be found to be gathered into one 
Man; I mean, endowments of the soul ; as, faith, justice, charity, 
and all spiritual graces : and of the mind ; as wisdom, patience, 
affability, and all the intellectual graces : and of the body ; as 
temperance, chastity, labour, and industry, vigilance, and careful- 
ness ; and a true observer of the methods and rules of the Navy 
and Yards ; and no breaker of those rules, that are prescribed him 
in his instructions, which are, or should be, as a table of command, 
ments to him ; and, in fine, if he be not well skilled and qualified, 
as he is in a station of much service, so may he do much dis-ser- 
vice. As for instance, if he be a Man of no skill or knowledge 
in Maritime Affairs, (viz. a mere novice to all that Affair,) no good 
Clerk nor Accomptant; and in the general of negociating, and 
doing of business, a novice ; that is incapability enough to make 
him useless ; and rather, nay, is extreme hurtful to the Affair. 
For, if the King must put in novices, and pupils, into places of 
business and trust, and to endure the damages that ensue by it, and 
wait for their improvement, and fitness for it; then Children were 
fitter for it, they may come to maturity; but if to the other 
unqualiikatioos, he be fraughted with ill temper, peevishness, 
creeping hypocrisy, passionate, troublesome, malicious, and re- 
vengeful, full of tricks, intrigues, and designs, self-conceitedneas, 
angry with one that does not flatter him, and that hath not the 
same opinion of him that he hath of himself; plotting and design, 
ing to enrich himself by new methods of his Office, breaking his 
instructions like cobwebs, with whom lies, and denials of truth, 
are as frequent as kisses at a wedding ; and, in fine, makes 
every one swear to negociate with him, to save himself harmless; 
except he learn to procure, and have ready in his pocket, the key 
to unlock his temper, to have a dispatch suitable to his time and 
occasion : I say, such a Man is put in the fair road to do exceeding 
great damages to the Affair: but to particularize the evils ensuing, 



132 PHILOSOPHICAL PAPE11S. 

\vere too tedious to number ; and therefore I will leare him in 
the good conceit he hath, that he that preferred him will not fail 
to support him : let business either truckle or slide, his ends and 
designs are sure to effect. I must needs say then, that the weight 
of the burthen is too heavy for the Nation to bear ; and will make 
it jrroan, if many such are shuffled into business of moment, to serve 
private ends. 

Thirdly The Master Builder, who has the over-sight, and all 
the direction and contrivance of the building of all Ships, Boats, 
Vessels, Docks, &c. under the inspection of the Surveyor, and 
Helps : he hath a sufficient Architecture, called his Assistant, 
Foreman, Master Caulker, Master Joiner, Master Boat Builder, 
Master Mast Maker ; and all, in their distinct Stations, execute 
his orders, and are material instruments under him, to carry on the 
machines, which he receives orders for from above. Yet he is not 
so absolute, but the Commissioner upon the place is his superior 
Officer, and may supersede, if he sees necessary ; and is an over- 
seer and comptroller of him, and all other Officers in the Yard: 
obedience he may command; but let him take care it be for the 
promotion and advantage of the Service, and all is right. 

This Master Builder, I say, is the head of all the Shipwrights, 
Mast Makers, Joiners, Boat Builders, Carvers, Painters, &rc., and 
is a most material Officer of trust ; he and his Assistant, signing 
for all materials to the Store-keeper, for the issuing them ; who 
appropriates and appoints what Services they arc issued for, by 
notes, or bills of issues, by his Clerk allowed him, with an Office 
for that purpose. Yet I take notice of an error in it; viz. that 
although he does give a bill for the said issues, and therein specify 
for what Ship, &c. it is to be expended upon ; and the accounts 
for that work are so placed on the said Ship, or work, with the 
wages thereon, in the accounts sent to the Surveyors' Office: yet 
it is not practised to take the Parties' hands to the receipt of the 
said materials issued, who receives them, viz. the Carpenters of the 
Ships, Foremen, or Overseers of the said work ; so that they 
know not what orders of appropriation are issued for that use ; 
and thereby is left a latitude, to divert the said materials to any 
other use, and may prove a great abuse to that Ship or work ; and 
may make it swell in the Surveyor's Office, where the Board has 
only the view for their satisfaction, to give the Admiralty account 
thereof: and I may say, be a disesfimation on the Contractors for 
the former building, or repairing the said Ship or work, and prove 
to be an untrue representation of the Affairs to the Board and 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 133 

Admiralty ; and is an open door for many evils to enter at, whicb. 
otherwise might be shut. The evils are too many for me to mention, 
but may easily be conjectured. 

And here I cannot let slip one great evil in the Navy, viz. 
That a Ship which has been built out of the King's Yards, when 
she comes into the said Yards to be repaired, she shall be cobled 
up, and disregarded, and disparaged at a strange rate by every 
Builder, Assistant, Foreman, nay, every ordinary Shipwright, in 
favour and imitation of what their Master Builder saith of her; 
even he, I say, hath also a stone to cast at her; and all this happens 
to her, because he that built her is not in request in the King's 
Service at that time: but if he "were, then may he write to that 
Dock and Yard to be kind to her; and by that is understood the 
meaning, viz. to give her due repairs, and to spare no costs to fit 
her forth. But if she hath no Friends, as I said, or Father, (as thej 
call it,) she may be had into the Dock, and bungled up at a 
slighting rate, and turned out again, without having her full 
repairs and adornings, and put on float to be done there; the 
which often lies undone, and she is left open for the weather to 
destroy her: her scuppers also may be left unset, whereby the 
water runs down her timbers years together; the bolts undrove ; 
not coats for the masts, nor tarpaulins to keep her dry ; also not 
good caulking, and abundance of work undone; the which the 
Builder says he can do in an instant; but the Ship being not 
wanted to be immediately fitted out, she is thus laid by ; and the 
Builder certifies to the Board that she is ready for the Sea, when 
.she wants two or three hundred pounds worth of work to be dona 
to her; and when she is ordered to the Seas the work is to do: 
and so do they work over one another's backs, and hinder each 
other; which is a loss to the King, and a greart cause why Ships 
are so long equipping, there being a mystery under it, which ought 
to be discovered. 

Now all this while here is a latitude left by this method, as I 
spake of, for the iron work, timber, and materials, &c., to be 
spent on a beloved or a favourite Ship, as they call it, and placed 
to the account of the other, who all this while lies rotting and 
decaying shamefully, for want of careful preventions. 

As for the preservation of Ships after built, I account it the most 
necessary and needful pharges, and that ought most especially to be 
regarded, before the building of new Ships; for every hundred 
pounds well laid out for preservation of Ships, is of more service 
than two thousand pounds laid out upon new Ships, let it b 



managed never so well : for I would fain know wherein tne wis- 
dom arid prudence of that Man lies, who,, having two house* 
required for his use, of equal bigness, they being in decay, and 
that every hundred pound laid out upon repairs of one of them., 
iurns to more account for his profit, and readier for his use, thau 
five hundred pound laid out upon a new one : and the other being 
lately repaired, or built, and wants only some small expenses to be 
upon it, to preserve it for his use, at all times of need to be ready ; 
and every -hundred pound he layeth out upon that's preservation, 
turns to his account of profit more than two thousand pound laid 
out towards building a new one ; and yet notwithstanding he will 
neglect the Other, and build it new; for that his chief Steward, or 
else his Master-workman, has blinded his chief Steward, who have 
large private interests in the building of new, or else their interest 
vuns like two lines from the circumference to the centre. I canaot 
forbear to be thus plain, that Nary Ships, I fear, have been too 
much neglected in their preservation, and that Builders have not 
been without their blame; and that 310 small intrigues are, and 
have been, carried on for the building and repairing of Ships, I aia 
well satisfied thereof. 

I confess this matter, as many particulars of great weight, and 
also that of the Purveyors and Contractors, may require a long 
discourse, and would be matter of discovery of divers mysteries ; 
but because I have ao eye to my former promise, not to expose the 
Affair, nor any person therein, to the view of the World ; and that 
I do not affect the title of an informer; but so as to cast a willing 
mite into the Treasury, for the support of the order and govern, 
ment of the Navy, whereby it might be easier maintained (as to 
the vast expense, and immense charge thereof) by the Nation, and 
serve the right ends : viz. to preserve and maintain the honour and 
wealth of the Nation; and by a progression to increase it, that 
they be not obnoxious to the insulting, or conquest, of their 
neighbours, who design no less, which is my chief end herein. 

Now as for the Builders, Assistants, Master Caulkers, Master 
Joiners, Master Mast Maker, Master Boat Builder, Master 
House Carpenter, Shipwrights, Labourers, Sawyers, Tool Grin- 
ders, and Setters, and all the Artificers and Workmen, belonging 
to the respective Works, being under the inspection of the Master 
Builder and Assistants, having not time to descend into small 
particulars, I will say no more here: but that the Master Carver, 
Anchorsmith, Locksmith, Painter, and Purveyor of small Stores, 
or petty emptions, they being all Contractors^ I will say only as I 



FfiltOSOPHICAT. PAPERS. I3S 

before said of the right appropriations of the Stores, and true 
qualifications thereof, that the door be shut against any evils that 
may come in by fraud, or wrong application of the said Works : 
which brings me, 

Fourthly To the Store-keeper's Office, who is also of great 
trust in his receipts and issues of all manner of Stores ; who gives 
also security for his Office, to pass his accounts, debtor and cre- 
ditor, with the Clerk Surveyor, or with the Clerk of the-Comptrol), 
which was an Officer settled of late years in every Yard, and a 
Head Office thereof at London. And therein was found out an 
employment for a Commissioner of the Board; but that being only 
a branch of the Surveyor's Office, it never appeared to me of any 
use; but as hiring Men to mud the water, so it hath been for some 
time since discontinued at the Yards : but the Office aloft is con- 
tinued; where many lines and columns of Stores are made, for the 
balancing of Store-keepers' accounts: yet that heretofore, and BOW, 
ought. to be kept by the Clerk Surveyor; but he finding ease 
thereby, may be silent. The Store-keeper, I say, with his Clerks 
and Subs., are to be minded, that he, nor any of his Instruments, 
shall be negligent in their attendance, but be ready to make dis- 
patch in their issues, and not to be morose and short in their 
answers, and prolong the time in effecting the- import of the notes 
and bills, that are signed to them by the Master Builder, his 
Assistant, Master Attendant, or Clerk of the Survey, (for they all 
sign upon them respectively) ; but that Boatswains, Carpenters, 
&c. must give long attendance for dispatches, protracted for lucre, 
many great evils ensuing to the Atfair thereby : yet the Com- 
missioner is fommonly to and again ; and if he be short-sighted 
and willing to give himself the trouble, will apply a seasonable 
spur, as well to them as all other slow proceedings; which is a great 
branch of his Office, to quicken, spur, and enliven the whol* 
Affair within his jurisdiction. 

(To be continued.} 



MR. EDITOR, London, ISth August, 1805, 

AS various opinions have been entertained respecting the resis- 
tance of a plane moving through non-elastic fluids, the following 
experiments with a square iron plate, containing 144 superficial 
inches, immersed in water to the mean depth of six feet, may pro- 
bably throw some additional light on so interesting a subject. 
In the annexed Table, the first column contains the velocity of 



135 



rnrtosoPHrcAL PAPERS. 



the plane in feet per second ; the second, columns of water, tin* 
base of each being one square foot, and their respective altitude* , 
equal to the space a body must fall to acquire the velocities of 1, 
2, 3, 4, 5, 6 feet per second ; the third, the weight of the dif- 
ierent columns in pounds avoirdupois ; the fourth, the resistance 
of the plane by experiment; the fifth, the differences between 
the theoretical and experimental resistances ; and the sixth, the 
minus pressure found by experiment. 

From whence it appears, that the difference between theory 
and experiment should in this, case be attributed to the minus 
pressure- 

TABLE. 



Feet. Feet. Ibs. Ibs. Ibs. Ibs. 


1 


.1)156 


0.975 


1.295 


0.320 


0.1629 


2 


0.0621 


3.886 


5.986 


2.100 


0.6278 


3 


0.1399 


8.743 


10.931 


2.188 


1.3668 


4 


0.2487 


15.543 


19.048 


3.505 


2.361 


5 


0.3886 


24.287 


29.279 


4.992 


3.591 


6 


0.5596 


34.975 


41.585 


6.610 


5.045 


7 


0.7616 


47.603 


55.927 


8.324 


6.707 


8 


0.9948 


62.175 


72.27 


10.095 


8.563 


9 


1.2590 


78.69 


90.59 


11.90 


10.607 


10 


1.5544 


97.15 


110.86 


13.71 


12.82 


11 


1.8808 


117.82 


133.05 


15/23 


15.22 


12 


8,2383 


139,90 


157.20 


17.30 


17.90 


1 


2 I 3 


4 


5 


6 



I remain^ &c. 



C. B. 



PLATE CLXXXV. 

OESCRIPTIOX Of 4 EXTRACTED FROM COMMODORE WHSON's JOl'RNAt. 

Ilie Suffolk, frm China tfward; England, 
l\'edncsday t gth March, 1757. 

AT three P. M., being in latitude 35? 4' S., and about 6" 30' to 
the eastward of the Cape of Good Hope, saw two Sail from 
the mast-head bearing west, distant about six leagues. VV'c im- 
mediately got up top-gallant-masts and yards, and made a clear 
Ship ; there being very little Wind, and the Houghton near us, 
Captain Walpole came on board: perceiving the Ships to stand 
towards us, I determined to bear down to Captain Hutchinson, 
who was about a league to the E. S. E. of us, and as it would bo 
dark by the time we came up with him, then to stand away north 



PLATE CLXXXr. 137 

till twelve o'clock, and afterwards to haul up to the westward. 
Having spoken to Captain Hutchinson, we accordingly steered 
north with all our sail. I guess that the Ships suspected our 
design, and shaped their course accordingly; for at half-past eight 
we saw them about four points on our larboard quarter, distant 
about three leagues, the night being extremely clear, and the moon 
just past the full. At ten they had ueared us considerably, keep, 
ing directly after us. Being now certain that they saw us, we 
hauled upon a Wind to the westward, to observe if they would 
continue the Chase, which we soon found they did, sparing us a 
great deal of sail, and weathering on us considerably. 

Believing they were determined to speak with us, and not 
having it in our power to prevent it, we continued our course to 
the westward with them about a league on our weather beam, got 
every thing ready for an Engagement, and kept our Men at their 
quarters. At dawn of day we hauled up our courses, took in 
top-gallant-sails, and stowed our stay-sails. Being Commanding 
Officer, I hoisted" the broad Pendant, and we all spread our Colours 
at the same time. I made the Signal for the Line of Battle a-head, 
which was presently formed. As the day broke we could perceive 
the Ships to be French, although they did not hoist any Colours, 
the largest being a Two-decker, with 14 ports in her lower tier ; 
the other looked very small, compared with her, being long, but 
extremely low and snug, very much like His Majesty's Ship the 
Lyme. They layed to under their top-sails near each other, as 
if speaking together, in which position they continued till towards 
seven A.M., when they let fall their fore-sails and bore down 
directly for us ; but before they came within gun-shot they hauled 
up three or four points, to avoid being raked by our broadsides, 
on which we immediately made sail to keep them on our beams. 
About this time the Godolphin being near us, I ordered all our 
People up from their quarters, and gave them three huzzas, which 
they as cheerfully returned. The French observing that we did 
not choose to let them come down without the opportunity of 
raking them with our broadsides, set their main-sails, and hauled 
their Wind to the W.N.W. W r e. immediately set all the sail we 
could crowd (in which our People were extremely alert), and 
hauled the Wind after them : they outwent us under courses and 
top-sails, and having spoken to each other, tacked and hauled their 
Wind to the S.S.E., passing us somewhat out of gun-shot. When 
they had got so far abaft our beams that our guns would not bear, 

2D. (ZFjiron, fcol. XIV. T 



138 HATE CLXXX7. 

they hauled up their main-sails, set top-gallant-sails, and bore 
down directly for us ; on which we hauled up our courses, took in 
top-gallant-sails, wore, and hauling up to the S.S.E., brought 
them on our starboard beams : they now hoisted French Colours, 
and the Line of Battle Ship fired a shot at us, which I immediately 
returned : both falling short, I desisted from firing until they came 
nearer. 

" I now went round to our People at their quarters, expressing 
my satisfaction at their behaviour, and repeating to them that their 
bravery should not go unrewarded. As the Ships came nearer 
down, we fired a random shot to sec when they came within our 
reach, on which Captain Walpole began to fire his broadside, and 
the Godolphin followed: the Frenchmen, although just within gun- 
shot, hauled up to the westward to bring their broadsides to bear, 
which they discharged, and which were as briskly returned by our 
Ships, a constant fire being kept up as long as our guns would bear. 
All our Ships received some shot, and the largest Ship's main-top, 
sail being brought down, she would not keep to, falling con- 
siderably to leeward. We got about, hauled our Wind after 
them, and soon brought our larboard guns to bear; a warm 
Engagement ensued, and continued about half an hour, when the 
French Ships made sail and presently ran from us. I put the best 
face on it, crowding with all sail after them. The Suifolk going 
best, took the lead, Captain Walpole followed, and the Godolphin 
going worst, became the sternmost of our Line. When the French 
Ships had got out of gun-shot on our weather bow, they spoke 
with each other, and soon after tacked*. The large Ship seemed to 
work extremely heavy, and hauling altogether, fell off right before 
the Wind, and ran considerably to leeward before they could 
bring her to, when they hauled their Wind to the south-east. 
Before our guns came to bear we took in top-gallant-sails, and 
hauled up our main-sails ; the French continued all their sail, but 
there being little Wind, and our People extremely brisk, we gave 
them five broadsides as they were passing. I think each of thorn, 
might return us three ; they met as warm a reception from the 
Houghton and Godolphin, who also received a smart fire from 
each of them. 

* The two Ships which Commodore Wilson engaged, proved to be le Coiutc de 
Provence, of 74 guns, and the Sylphyde, of 26. The former was reckoned one 
of the finest Men of War in Monsieur d'Ache's Fleet, and was engaged with the 
Yarmouth, bearing the Flag of Admiral Pocock, in the Action between the French 
and English Fleets on the 3d of August, 1758. 



PLATE CLXXXV. 139 

" As soon as the firing ceased I set all sail, making a show of 
standing for their wakes, hoping it would confirm them in a deter- 
mination they seemed to have taken of leaving us, which I believed 
they intended to do, by carrying all their sail as they passed us. 
Finding my conjecture right, AVC continued our Wind to the west- 
ward, and were oat of sight of each other from the mast-head in 
about six hours. By the shot lodged in our hulls we find that the 
large Ship carried 24 and 12 pounders, and the Frigate 12-poun- 
ders. It is difficult to conceive why they did not fight us close, 
as their weight of metal would have given them so great a supe- 
riority. 

" Captain Walpole and Captain Hutchinson were very observant 
of my Signals, kept the Line with great exactness, and were very 
alert in fighting their Ships. I cannot enough commend the bra- 
very of my Officers and Men, and am informed that the other 
Ships' Companies deserve equal applause. By the advantages of 
our third deck we fought all our upper deck guns on one side, 
which I believe might deceive the Enemy as to our Force." 

Thus it appears that Captain Wilson, like Sir Nathaniel Dance, 
offered his Enemy Battle " if he chose to come down;" that when 
he did come, he attacked him with the same intrepidity, nor 
quitted him until that Enemy fled from the Commander of an 
English East Indiaman. Sir Nathaniel Dance engaged and pursued 
the French Admiral; Captain Wilson engaged and gave chase to 
the Ship which was the Opponent of the English Admiral on the 3d 
of August; 1758. Both Commanders received the Thanks of the 
Honourable Court of Directors of the East India Company, for 
each brilliant Service. A Special Commission (bearing date the 
28th of December, 1757,) being conferred on the Hero of the 9th 
of March, constituting him " Commodore and Commander of all 
Ships and Vessels belonging to, or freighted by, the English East 
India Company," he took his departure in the Command of the 
Pitt, Man of War, of 60 guns, carrying out Sir William Draper, 
Major Brereton, and two Companies of the King's Troops. Cap- 
tain Wilson having thus, by an act of surprising and successful 
gallantry, raised himself to an honourable and important Com- 
mission, he again, with the same bravery, soon did ample credit to 
the judgment with which it had been bestowed. On his arrival iu 
the East Indies he volunteered his Ship and his Services to Admiral 
Pocock. In the Bay of Bengal he chased, and brought to Action, 
a Freuch Ship of the Liue. greatly his superior in Rate and Force* 



140 HATE CLXXXV. 

At Batavia he vindicated the rights of his Country against the 
Dutch, and by his firmness and spirit compelled the Governor. 
General to acknowledge " that the English had a right to navi- 
gate wherever it had pleased God to send water*." 

Departing thence, he availed British Commerce of the advan- 
tages which it has since derived from the EASTERN PASSAGE TO 
CHINA THROUGH PITT'S + STRAITS, and consecrating the Lands he 
discovered to the Dominion of his Sovereign, he evinced his 
loyalty, by conferring upon them the splendour of his Royal 
Name. 

Having achieved what no other Commander in the Service had 
ever dared to attempt before him, he returned, and resigning a 
Commission he had held with so great honour, he had the coura- 
geous modesty to decline " Place or Pension ;" and uninfluenced 
by vain ambition, or the desire of courting empty popularity, 
sought retirement in a peaceful Village, where practising those 
virtues which come within the' reach of general imitation, he gave 
dignity to the walk of private life, by the pursuits of .genius, the 
exertions of philanthropy, and the example of integrity. 

Such was Commodore Wilson, whose fine qualities, eminently, 
but modestly displayed, ever inspired confidence in the Comman- 
der, while through life they drew respect to the Man, and now 
reflect that brightness on departed virtue which extends beyond 
the grave. Such was he, who inculcated by precept, and example 
too, that our Country's interest is the noblest impulse of the 
truly brave, and who by his own conduct evinced that he pos- 
sessed not only patriotism so pure as to conceive, but a mind so 
noble as to embrace the grandeur of the sentiment. 

Indeed his short period of chief Command presented one con- 
tinued series of acts of heroic generosity, of disinterested patriotism, 
and of meritorious Services; Services which on very different 
occasions called forth the acknowledgments of the first Society of 
Merchants in the World, and which therefore surely draw their 
modest claim on the regards of Posterity. 



* " The English had a right to navigate wherever it had pleased God to send 
water." Commodore Wilson's expression in his letter to his Excellency M. Mosel, 
Gorernor-General of Batavia. 

t Th Commodore named Pitt's Straits after his Ship; the Islands which 
form them he named King George's Island, and the Prince of Wales's Island. 



141 



Kefornu 

FIFTH REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS 
OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 

[Continued from page 48.] 

"E likewise examined Mr. Dalley*, for the purpose of 
ascertaining whether any Account was kept by his, or any- 
other Department, of the number of Seamen actually employed in. 
the Merchants' Service ; but although Mr. Dalley took considerable 

* The Examination of John Dalley ^ Esq., Assistant Register 
General of Shipping ; taken upon Oath 5th August., 1803. 

Be pleased to state the mode of calculating the number of Men and Boys 
us uilly employed in navigating the Vessels belonging to the several Ports of 
the British Empire, which are usually laid before Parliament. In the Port of 
London, by examining the Entries in the Office of the Register General of 
Shipping, of the Reports Inwards or Outwards of such Ships as appear by his 
books to have been registered, and are th?n in existence, and taking the number 
of Men that appear to have been employed for any one Voyage in each Ship, 
which may be deemed an average : In the Out-Portg, from Annual Returns 
transmitted by the Collectors and Comptrollers of each Port, containing all the 
Ships that have been registered, and are then in existence, with their tonnage, and 
the number of Men by which they are usually navigated. 

Do you not apprehend such mode of calculation swells the number of Seamen 
much beyond the number that are actually employed ? Most certainly it 
docs ; but the calculation is made upon a presumption that the Ships are all 
employed. / 

Do you not apprehend that it frequently happens that Ships remain on the 
Register which are not in existence? I believe it frequently happens; but when 
such circumstances arc made known to the Officer who grants Registers, the 
Owners are called upon to surrender their Register, which, if refused, such 
Owners are liable to be prosecuted on their Bond : and when the Register is 
obtained, it is immediately cancelled, and the Vessel taken out of the R*gister 
Book. 

Are not the Accounts transmitted by the respective Officers of the Customs at 
the Out Ports frequently incorrect: 1 They are frequently inaccurate, by the 
Loss, Capture, or Destruction of Vessels, and from changes of property having 
been made at one Port without the knowledge of the Officers at another, and are 
discovered when the Returns from the different Ports are collected and compared 
with each other in the Office of the Register General. 

How long have you been in the Office of the Register General of Shipping? 
About thirty-seven years. 

From your knowledge and experience, what proportion should you conceive 
the number of Men and Boys actually employed to bear to the number ascer- 
Jained by the calculation from the registry'of the Ships ? The Books and Docu- 
ments in the Office of the Register General of Shipping do not afford me thq 



145 FIFTH REPORT OF THE 

pains in making a calculation of the number so employed in Vessel* 
belonging to England and Scotland in the year 1801, yet the basis 

means of answering llii* (iu<-Mion with any degree of precision I have attcn- 
li\<l\ r\::'i.iued them, and availed myself of such incidental information an I 
could collect. The number stated in tlie General Registry for all the Ports of 
the British Dominions, for the year ending SOtfe September, 1801, is 149,566* 
being the number that would be requisite to man 19,712 Vessels, if they could 
toe all nlloat ;il one tinr-, according to their usual and customary mode of Naviga- 
tion. Of tln-M', I .">,()!<; Yesiels are registered as belonging to England and 
Scotland. They would require 124,478 Men to navigate them. From the best 
calculation I can make, I am of opinion that the Men hi actual employment uj 
the year 1801 were, 

In the Foreign Trade .................... 37,783 

In the Coasting Trade ................... 35,970 

In the Fisheries ........................ 14,628 

Amounting to. ... 88,381 

I cannot form any correct opinion of the number employed in Vessels of other 
descriptions, or at other parts of the British Dominions. These Men are not 
stationary; they occasionally shift from one Vessel to another, and the Trade of 
the Vessels is not limited to the Ports to which they belong. 

Is not the Account which you have presented of the number of Men and 
Boys belonging to British Ships which have entered or cleared at the Ports in 
Eqgland and Scotland, encreascd by Vessels making more than one entry or 
clearance within the year ? Very considerably, as the account contains their 
repeated Voyages. 

Speaking generally, how often should you suppose, upon an average, the 
Vessels belonging to Great Britain enter and clear within the year ? 1 suppose 
that Vendi employed in the Foreign Trade make, on a general average, about 
2| Voyages, and in the Coasting Trade, about 5 Voyages within the year. The 
above calculation is formed on this idea. The Fisheries are taken from actual 
Returns. 

What Reports do you usually make to the Commissioners of the Sixpenny 
>uty ? A List of all Vessels that report Inwards, with the number of Men 
ally on board, as sworn to by the Masters, and a List of the Ships as they 
wards. These Accounts are transmitted generally twice a week. 

f Re rtS ntai thc Coastin S Trade ? 



Be pleased to state thc names of the principal Ports, in rotation, that employ 
[reatest quant.ry of tonnage, and number of Men liable to the Sixpeuu, 
3uty?_In the year 1801 the registered tonnage of 

To " s - Tons. 



London was 619,466 

Jl'vcrpo.,1 148,891 

.Newcastle 144,991 

Sundcrlaud 75,523 



Hull 61,490 

Wlutehaven 56,652 

Bristol 30,1'.>5 

Lancaster 



j, a-- j Laneasier 16,070 

inten! ^nf V nCdve a Vcssfcl to be '"i according to the meaning and 
tm of the Seeuoa of the Act of 2 Gco, U, wlu c h directs the Muter to r ay 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 143 



on which it was formed is much too uncertain to Induce us to offer 
an opinion on the propriety of the collection of the Sixpenny 
Duty in that year ; and he himself is of opinion with us, that 
there is no mode of ascertaining the number of Seamen actually 
employed, by which the Receipt of the Greenwich Hospital Duty 
can be checked ; but it must be observed, that in the Account 
presented to us by Mr. Dalley, the registered tonnage of the Port 
of Beaumaris would require one thousand one hundred and sixty- 
two Men to navigate it; which, if constantly employed, would 
produce a Revenue to Greenwich Hospital of three hundred and 
forty-eight pounds twelve shillings ; whereas it appears, the gross 
Sam collected in that Port, which embraces the minor Ports of 
Barmouth, Conway, Caernarvon, Pulhelly, and Holyhead, in the 
year 1802, amounted only to sixty-seven pounds seven shillings 
and twopence : we therefore recommend, that the Commissioners 
of the Sixpenny Duty frequently have recourse to this Account, 
to see whether the Sums collected in the several Ports bear a pro- 
portion to the tonnage and number of Men said to be employed in 
them. 

The Account given by Mr. Dalley (see page 48) is an Abstract of 
the estimated Number cf Men that would be necessary for the navi- 

the Sixpenny Duty to Greenwich Hospital before she is cleared Inwards by the 
Custom House ? I conceive a Vessel to be cleared when the Tide Surveyor has 
rummaged the Ship, and taken off the Officers that were placed on board for the 
security of the Revenue. 

What do you conceive to be the best mode of ascertaining the number of 
Persons employed in the Merchants' Service liable to the Sixpenny Duty ? I do 
not know of any mode of ascertaining this that would be effectual either in 
checking or aiding the collection. The Receiver in London is regularly furnished 
by me with Lists of all Vessels that arrive in this Port, and of the dates of their 
clearing Inwards. The Deputy Receivers at othejr Ports being, as I am informed, 
Officers of the Customs, have in their respective Departments the means of 
possessing similar information ; and, if the Duty, be carefully and faithfully 
executed, I am not aware, -that any better mode can be established. I understand 
that some improper practices have prevailed with the clearing Officers at this 
Port, by which the interests of the Hospital may have been injured: the Com- 
missioners of the Customs have, by a late regulation, put an effectual stop to 
these practices. I do not know that any thiua more can be done, unless it may 
be thought advisable to recommend a Clause in the Act, directing that the 
Officers be continued on board till the Duties shall be paid, and that the Owners 
of the Vessels be compelled to defray the expense incurred by their being 
detained. 

Cits. M. Pole. J. DALLEY. 

John Ford. 

Henry Nicholls. 



144 FIFTH REPont OF THE 

gation of the whole registered tonnage of the British Dominions, 
supposing all the Ships to be at Sea or in employ at the same time ; 
but as this never is the case, no conclusion of the number of 
Seamen actually employed can be drawn from it. 

The Account given by Mr. Dalley, page 48, contains the Number 
of Men and Boys, which appear by the Reports of the Masters to 
have been employed in the Merchants' Service in Great Britain on 
board British Ships, entered Inwards and Outwards from and to 
Foreign Parts during the last ten years ; but as it includes the 
repeated Voyages of the Ships, and the Number of Men on board 
upon every Entry, the aggregate Number must be over-rated in a 
very considerable degree. 

The Statute of the 2d of George the Second, after stating that the 
Act of the 10th of Queen Anne, directing the Sixpenny Duty to 
be paid within fourteen days from the Ships being cleared Inwards 
by the Officers of the Customs, hath been found ineffectual, inas- 
much as many Masters and Commanders, after they have been 
cleared Inwards at the Custom-House, have wholly neglected to 
pay the said Duty, directs, that the same shall in future be paid 
before any Ship or Vessel shall be cleared Inwards; and that no 
Officer of the Customs shall grant any Cocqucts, Transires, 
Returns, or Discharges, or permit any Ship or Vessel to go out 
of Port until the Master shall have produced to him a Certificate of 
the payment of the G recnwich Hospital Duty. 

This regulation, intended to enforce a due and regular payment 
of the Sixpenny Duty, has not been so effectual as >vas probably 
intended, owing to the meaning of the words. " Cleared Inwards" 
not having been absolutely defined; for although it would appear 
to be intended, that the Duty should be paid before the Ship or 
Vessel be cleared of her Cargo, and before the Custom-House 
Officers placed on board be taken away, as is actually expressed in 
the Act of the 20th of George the Second, constituting a Fund, 
by a similar Duty, for the support of maimed and disabled Seamen 
in the Merchants' Service, yet the words " Cleared Inwards" have 
been construed and acted upon in the Port of London as re- 
garding only a Certificate, to be granted by the Tide Surveyors, 
of the Ship being cleared ; which Certificate is only required for 
the purpose of rendering the Ship eligible to the making an Entry 
Outwards ; and as a Fee is payable on it, the Certificate is pro- 
bably seldom applied for until it is absolutely required, frequently 
not until after a considerable lapse of time; and if the Vessel 
should be broken up, as in that case such Certificate cannot be 



COMMISSIONERS OF XAVAL INQUIRY. 145 

necessary, it would appear the Duty to Greenwich Hospital would 
never become payable. 

Although, in some cases, it has come to the knowledge of the 
Commissioners for the collection of the Sixpenny Duty, that the 
Tide Surveyors have even given false clearing Notes, certifying 
that the Greenwich Hospital Duty has been paid, when it has not 
been so, they have, notwithstanding the controul over the Officers 
of the Customs given to them by the Act. contented themselves 
with the bare promise of their never doing so again, instead of 
suing them for the penalties incurred by their misconduct; and 
since the collection of this Duty has been managed by the Clerks 
of the Sixpenny Office, it appears they have frequently sent for 
the Tide Surveyors ; but they have not been able effectually 
to check a practice so injurious to the Revenue of Greenwich 
Hospital. 

We find, that owing to the absence of the Commissioners, it 
has been a practice fair the chief Clerk to the Receiver to sign 
Receipts for the Sixpenny Duty, as Deputy to the Receiver, and 
also as Deputy to the Comptroller, except in cases where blank 
Receipts have been signed by them, and left at the Office to be 
used at his discretion: the chief Clerk has also, in some instances, 
felt himself compelled to sign deputations for the appointment of 
Receivers at the Out-Ports, lest the Revenue of Greenwich Hos- 
pital should be injured. We cannot refrain from expressing our 
disapprobation of such a mode of conducting the business of a Pub- 
lic Office; and recommend, that measures be adopted to prevent a 
recurrence of the same. 

To obviate the difficulty as to the time of payment of this Duty 
to the Receiver of the Sixpenny Office, or his Deputies, we 
recommend that the Duty be made payable before the Ship or 
Vessel be cleared of her Cargo, and before the Custom-House 
Officers placed on board be taken off, as provided for by the 20th 
of George the Second, with respect to the payment of Sixpence 
per Man a month to the Merchants' Seamen's Fund ; and that the 
Master neglecting to pay the Duty before the <hip be so cleared, 
shall forfeit to Greenwich Hospital the Sum of twenty pounds ; 
and we think the Commissioners should either be authorized 
to levy the penalties imposed by the several Acts relative to the 
Sixpenny Duty, with power to mitigate them, or that they should 
be enabled to recover the penalties in a summary way before a 
Magistrate. 

We further recommend, that the attention of the Commissioners 

t 

, er&nm, ftolXIV. u 



I 1(5 I) Fill RF.POHt OF THE 

of the Sixpenny Office be directed to the due payment of the Duty 
within the times prescribed by the Act, and that the Commissioners 
be required, in every case of failure or wilful neglect, to sue for or 
levy the penalties imposed. 

That in future every Ship Master or Owner, or other Person 
tendering payment of the Sixpenny Duty, be required to produce 
a Li -i. of the Crew, with the times of their respective Entries and 
Discharges, to which they should invariably be required to make 
affidavit, agreeably to the Act. 

The (lines of the Deputy Receivers making their Remittances to 
the Sixpenny Office are quarterly, half-yearly, or yearly, and arc 
said to be so according to the amount of their Receipts; but we 
oh.-rve that the Receipts of many of the Deputies who are per- 
mitted to remit yearly, arc greater than the annual collection of 
those who do so quarterly, and we understand that no revision of 
this subject has taken place since the year 17 07. We therefore 
recommend that. this very proper regulation be more attended to, 
and that the times of the Deputies making their remittances be 
revised and altered as occasion may require ; and we also recom- 
mend that the Accounts of the several Deputies be made up to 
certain stated periods, and not, as at present, from the date of their 
respective Appointments. 

The Deputy Receivers for Ireland are very generally in arrear ; 
some more than ten or twelve years : we therefore recommend that 
steps be taken to-.rccovcr the Monies due to Greenwich Hospital, 
and that the Commissioners be more attentive in future to the 
Collection and Remittance of the Duty from Ireland. 

We understand that Vessels going Coastwise do not pay the 
Sixpenny Duty in the Port of London, except when sold or broken 
up. The plea urged for this practice is, that the advantage derived 
by many of the Deputy Receivers at the Out-Ports from the Com-* 
mission on the Receipt of the Sixpenny Duty is so small, as not to 
render the Appointment an object of consideration, and that in 
some instances difficulty has been experienced in obtaining persons 
to accept the situations ; but we see no reason why the Revenue 
arising from the Coasting Trade should not be collected -by the 
Sixpenny Office, and not be made subject to a deduction of twelve 
and a half per cent, for collection, merely to add to the emoluments 
of the Deputy Receivers at the Out-Ports; the Officers of the 
Customs being required by the Statutes of the 10th of Queen 
Anne, and 2d of George the Second, to collect and receive the 
Sixpenny Duty, if deputed by the Receiver or Receivers for that 
purpose. 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 



147 



Numerous forfeitures, and penalties imposed by various Acts of 
Parliament, have been given, either wholly, or in part, towards 
the support of Greenwich Hospital; but although the provisions 
of the Acts have been frequently violated, there are but few instan- 
ces of Persons having been prosecuted for the penalties, and none 
at the Suit of the Commissioners of the Sixpenny Duty ; although 
the Tide Surveyors, who granted Certificates of the Duty having 
been paid, when it was not, appear to us to have been very lit 
objects for prosecution. 

We bVill now proceed to speak of the Moiety of the Wages of 
Men deserting from Ships in the African Trade, forfeited to 
Greenwich Hospital by an Act passed in the 30ih year of His 
present Majesty's Reign, entitled, " An Act to amend and con- 
tinue, for a limited time, several Acts of Parliament for regulating 
the Shipping and carrying Slaves in British Vessels from the Coast 
of Africa," and which has been continued by several subsequent Acts. 

It docs .not appear that the Commissioners of the Sixpenny Duty 
ever received any specific directions to collect the Moiety of the 
Wages of Run Men so forfeited ; but as they had been in the 
practice of collecting all the forfeitures and penalties payable to 
Greenwich Hospital, and as their communication with the Masters 
and Owners of the Merchant Shipping of Great Britain afforded 
much facility to the receipt of it, they took upon themselves the 
charge of the Collection, and it has, since the passing of the Act, 
afforded a considerable addition to the Revenue of Greenwich 
Hospital. 

The Sums paid into the Hospital since the passing of the Act, on 
this account, and on account of other forfeitures before spoken 
of, within the same period, have been as follow; viz. 



Year 


Run Men's 
Wages. 


Unlawful 
Fishing 
on the 
TBame:. 


For 
Mariners 
absenting 
therofclves 
without 
Leave. 


Mlrii ers 
leaving me 
Ship 
before 

discharged. 


Sundry 
ForfeUures 
at 
L.veipocl. 


For b iv,,.g 
an Increase 
of Wages 
contrary to 
Aft j? 
Cto. III. 


TOTAL. 


1790 
1791 
1792 
1T9J 
1794 
1795 
1796 
1797 
1798 
1799 
1800 
1801 
1802 


,. i. d. 
16 18 2 
323 12 1 
373 4 2 
438 9 8 
560 4 8i 
431 4 3 
460 15 6 
486 2 11 
772 C 9 
2,014 18 1 
2,441 5 4 
2,827 1 9 
2,530 8 


d. 
6 


of. .' d. 


. s. d. 


* d. 


./. S.' d. 


of- s. d. 

22 18 2 
327 11 1 
395 14 a 
445 4 8 
586 5 8* 
451 13 3* 
485 7 C 
486 2 11 
805 13 5 
2,046 7 5 
2,485 8 9i 
2,835 10 1 
2,532 18 


19 


300 






22 10 
6 15 
25 3 
M 9 

24 12 














18 






































S3 6 G 


15 14 3 






15 15 1 




2 18 11 


41 4 6 


150 
2 10 


734 











148 NAVAL LITERATURE. 

The Appointments of the Deputy Receivers at the Out-Ports 
authorize and require them to receive all Monies payable to 
Greenwich Hospital ; and they have, under that authority, received 
the Moiety of Run Men's Wages in the African Trade, on which 
the same rate of Commission, twelve and a half per cent., has been 
allowed, as for the Receipt of the Sixpenny Duty. 

The Money so collected at the Port of London has been paid 
into Greenwich Hospital by the Receiver, under the General Head 
of " Forfeitures," and at the Out-Ports it has been added to the 
produce of the Sixpenny Duty, and paid in under that Head; and 
as the Receiver does not give to Greenwich Hospital any speci- 
fication of the manner in which the forfeitures in the Port of Lon- 
don have arisen, the Directors cannot, by the Accounts furnished, 
have any knowledge that the Revenue of the Hospital has been 
increased by the Moiety of the Run Men's Wages. We are not 
disposed to attribute this mistatcment of the Accounts of the 
Sixpenny Office to an improper motive; but we recommend, that 
in future the Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty do state distinctly, in 
his annual Account, the different Heads under which the Monies 
have arisen. 

[To be continued.] 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 

Narrative of a Voyage to BRAZIL, terminating in the Seizure of a 
British Vessel, and the Imprisonment of the duthor, and the 
Ship's Crezs, $c. By THOMAS LINDLEY. Dedicated to the 
EARLO/MOIRA. 8vo. pp.298. 



'E only lament that the Author of this Narrative should 
withhold, as he declares 'he does, without assigning any 
reason, the extensive Materials which he possesses for an ample 
and full supply of Facts, towards an History of South America. 
There was no necessity to make this boast, unless he meant to 
satisfy the excited curiosity of his Readers : at present it only 
serves to offend them, at their first onset; and to render them 
less satisfied, than they would otherwise have been, with the 
occasional uniformity of his Journal. Independent of this, the 
Volume contains information respecting a Country of which 
little is at present known; though a considerable degree of 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 149 

attention must 'ere long be directed towards it. We should 
rejoice to hear that this Gem in the Crown of Portugal was 
secured by British Honour and Bravery, against the all-rapacious 
grasp of the Universal Emperor; who probably, when he has 
done with Italy, may continue his Soi-disant Coronations at the 
Brazils. 

Mr. Lindley's Work seems to divide itself, into (1.) An 
account of the cruel treatment he experienced. (2.) A descrip- 
tion of the Province of Porto Seguro. (3.) A description of 
the Province of Saint Salvadore. (4.) An Appendix, containing, 
among other articles, a valuable Table of Latitudes and Lon- 
gitudes. 

(1.) On the Peace, Mr. Lindley embarked, among other 
Adventurers, on a Trading Voyage ; he left the Cape of Good 
Hope on the 25th of February, 1802, and arrived at St. Helena 
the beginning of March. On leaving that place his Vessel 
encountered a severe Squall of Wind, which obliged them to 
bear away for the nearest Port in Brazil, and they arrived at 
Bahia, or St. Salvadore, towards the middle of April. In that 
City no foreign Vessels are allowed to trade under any pretence 
whatever, or even to enter the Port, unless in distress for 
repairs, water, or provisions. Notwithstanding this apparent 
rigour, a considerable contraband Trade used to be carried on, 
frequently by the very Lieutenant and Officers appointed to 
prevent it. 

After a month's stay, however, he obviated every difficulty, 
repaired his Vessel, and sailed from the Bay of All Saints about 
the middle of May, intending to steer his course for Rio Janeiro, 
and thence to return to the Cape. But meeting with blowing 
weather, and a dangerous Coast, he was obliged to seek shelter 
in Porto Seguro. The day after his arrival, the Governor's Son, 
Senior Gaspar, offered to barter Brazil Wood for Goods, which 
was accepted, and a certain quantity was selected by him. In 
about a week, Gaspar, however, came with the intelligence, that 
the barter must be gi\ en'up ; from its being too generally known, 
that they, the Guardians of the Trade, were going to engage in 
an illicit Commerce. 



i;,0 \\VAI. LITERATURE. 

Both the Father and Son seemed hurt at this disappointment: 
anil after some equivocation, as it would appear, Mr. Lindley 
declined the business altogether, and determined to continue his 
\ . \age. But finding his Ves.sel was not so sound as he had 
hoped, and that she made much water, he came to an anchor ou 
the 26th of June, in the River of Carevellos : where, on the 
<2d of July, wh^n the repairs were nearly finished, Mr. Lindley 
was surrounded by an Officer and Soldiers, who came on board, 
with orders to take possession of the Brig, and conduct her to 
Porto Seguro, and send the Crew by Land to the same place. 
This arrest was owing to an information given by an Inhabitant 
of Porto Seguro, who went to Bahia for the purpose, in revenge 
for the non-payment of a debt by the civil Governor, whom he 
accused of trading with our Author for Brazil Wood, and he 
declared that the Brig was laden with that Article. On his 
arrival at Porto Seguro, Mr. Lindley, his Wife, and Crew, were 
thrown into Prison; and the two Sons of the Governor, the 
Capitain Mor, or Military Captain, and a number of inferior 
Agents, were arrested. 

They ordered me to deliver ray keys, and any private or other 
Papers I might have, and informed me an attempt to conceal them 
would be punished with the utmost severity ; at the same time a 
bed and a small trunk of clothes, which they permitted us to take, 
were searched with the most scrupulous exactness ; our persons 
examined, and a pocket-book taken from me. In consequence, I 
was obliged to give up several yaluable Papers I particularly hoped 
to retain. This occupied us till near evening, when we were 
ordered into the Boat, and conducted along the Beach, and up the 
hill to the common prison. They showed us to an upper room, 
in the floor of which a small trap-door was opened, a ladder put 
down, and we were ordered to descend; we did to some depth*, 
and entered a dungeon, below the ground, from which arose a 
miserable stench. It was totally dark ; and, O God! what were 
our feelings ! 

The prison-keeper indulging us with a light, we saw our 
dreadful situation : in three corners were accumulated heaps of 
dirt, rubbish, orange peel, other vegetables, &c. &c. the whole in 
a state of putrid decay. The other corner was rendered horribly 

* About forty feet. 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 151 

loathsome by the different miserable inhabitants whom this dun. 
geon had enclosed; and the whole apparently never cleaned since 
its erection. Four of my Sailors had "been confined here for the 
preceding eight days, and were just removed to the next dungeon 
for our admittance. A solitary bench of two planks formed the 
bed. and was the only' furniture. 

July 15. This morning opened very melancholy : sleep had been 
a stranger to our eyes, the dungeon was miserably hot, and inhaling 
the unwholesome putrid air in so close a situation, made us quite 
ill; I was particularly so, having just recovered from a severe 
malign fever, and in an extremely weak state. Our mental accorded 
with our bodily feelings ; the maspy barred window, the immensity 
of cobwebs and large spiders on the roof and around the dismal 
black walls, the damp earth, all conspired to lill us with the most 
gloomy apprehension. 

A large jar of water was placed outside the window, through a 
vacancy of which we took it for use : our food is conveyed through 
the same hole, but the providing it is left to my own care and cost, 
having no allowance whatever. 

As a particular favour, they granted a fire on the ground, to 
fumigate the dungeon ; which we kept constantly burning during 
the day (notwithstanding the heat), as the only means of amending 
the bad air, and enduring it at any rate. 

July 16 to 23. A positive order had been given that I should 
not be allowed a pen and ink; but I managed to elude this by 
secreting a pencil, and part of a quire of paper I contrived to pur- 
chase. The first use I put it to was, petitioning for a small 
medicine chest I had on board, which they had humanity sufficient 
to grant me ; but even with its assistance I find myself extremely 
ill, growing daily weaker, and if I am not allowed the benefit of 
air and exercise, I fear, I tremble, the event will be, I must die in 
my pAson ! My Wife is differently affected from me, complaining 
of violent pains and swellings in every part of her body. 

Finding we were apparently forgot, and the suspence continuing 
miserable, I wrote to the Minister Claudio on the 19th, for a 
hearing ; to which I had an insulting answer returned, that when 
wanted he should send for me. On the three following days saw 
my Crew pass the window for examination, which led me to hope 
mine was near. I was not wrong : for, on the 

24th, Had the satisfaction to see the ladder once again lowered ; 
was summoned to the regions above, and conducted, under a guard, 
to the house of the commission. They interrogated me from three 



1J2 NAVAt, LITERATURE. 

to eight o'clock, merely respecting the Brazil Wood transaction ; 
when they informed me I should soon be called again, and I was 
retaken to my prison, where I found Mrs. Lindley severely alarmed 
b\ mv long absence. I now felt hope once more relume my breast, 
and in\- i'rame wa* considerably invigorated by the fresh air, 
enabling me very patiently to bear the interval to the 

27(j, . When my examination was finished : after which I 

strongly represented our horrid situation, and got promise of 
removal from the dungeon. At four in the afternoon we were 
conducted above to a small deal-partitioned apartment, with liberty 
of walking in a larger one adjoining: each has a window without 
bars, and free circulation of that invaluable blessing, fresh air. An 
armed Sentinel is stationed over us. 

.lull] 28. Slept very ill ; being obliged to kee^j our door partly 
open for the Soldier'to have an eye on our -window, -which is 
accommodated with a shutter to keep out the night air, but has no 
other fastening than a button to it. We find the air as superfluous 
here, as it was deficient below ; our apartment being simply a 
square plank-work, about eleven feet high, open to the roof, which 
is supported with massy beams : many of the tiles are wanting ; 
and the chill wind, penetrating through, whistled over us very 
disagreeably. A number of bats, -who find refuge in the building, 
also darted along, and completed the nocturnal agrcmens of our 
new abode. Strict orders are given for me to converse with no 
one, to send no letters, nor receive any. 

July 29 to 31. Still much disturbed in the nights with Officers 
at play, change of Sentinels, &c. &c. : in fact, the constant noise 
and confusion are shocking. Thank Heaven ! I feel myself rapidly 
recovering : my Spouse is not so fortunate. 

August 1 . At the time of seizure, the Commission found in my 
writing desk a paper containing a small quantity of grain gold 
intermixed with gold-coloured sand, which had been brought to me 
by an inhabitant of Porto Seguro as a sample. This strongly 
attracted their curiosity, and I was most closely questioned respect, 
ing it. I made no secret of whence I had obtained the article, 
but declared I was ignorant of the name or residence of the 
individual from whom I had it, although I believed him to belong 
to a distant Settlement. The Commission declared they were 
resolved to discover the Man, and insisted on my taking a journey 

ith them for that purpose. I made no objections (knowing 
these would be useless) ; but predetermined it should avail them 
nothing had we met the poor devil, which fortunately was not the 



.NAVAL LITER \Tt-Rr.. 153 

c-. This evening the Linguist came to inform me I must 
accompany the Minister, &c. in th^ morning, and be ready by five 
o'clock. 

(To be continued.) 

^J^s^. 

Journal of a Voyage from London to Madeira, and (hence to 
New Providence ; and back again to London : in the Snois 
Thames of London , CHARLES BURTON, Commander, With an 
excellent Engraoing t by MERIGOT, from a Design by CLEN- 
NELL. pp. 56. 1805. 

HP HE Snow Thames, Charles Burton, Commander, left Spit- 
head on the 2d of September, 1804, and made Porto 
Santo on the 26th. They continued in Funchal Road, employed 
in delivering Goods and taking in Wine, until the 4th of Octo- 
ber, when they got under weigh, and made sail. On Tuesday 
the 23d, their latitude at noon was 24" 43' north; and on the 
ensuing, the following event, which records an extraordinary 
instance of suffering, and providential deliverance, took place : 
At nine A.M. saw something in the north-west, appearing like 
a Boat with one sail set; hauled up towards it; and in a quarter 
of an hour after discovered it to be a Wreck, with her masts gone 
and her bowsprit standing. What we took for a sail was a piece 
of canvass hoisted on the bowsprit for a Signal. Soon after we 
discovered four Men on the bowsprit, and likewise part of a Shark, 
and a firkin of butter hanging under it. We hauled up close to 
the Wreck. At ten hove-to, hoisted the Boat out, and took the 
Men on board. They were in an extremely weak condition, 
having remained, by their account, thirteen days on the bowsprit, 
with no other sustenance than the piece of the Shark we had suen, 
and some salt butter, as will appear from the subjoined Narrative. 
The Captain, Thomas Burrows, who was one of them, on being 
brought on board, tainted away several times. The legs of all of 
them were dreadfully ulcerated, and they were emaciated and 
feeble to a degree scarcely conceivable. VVe made a bed for them 
on the quarter-deck, setting up an awning over it, and gave them 
<;very assistance necessary. The two Ladies, our Passengers, with 
that sympathy and tenderness which ever distinguishes the sex, 
were most assiduously attentive to them, doing every thing in their 
power to contribute to their relief and comfort. We were par- 
ticularly careful to prevent them from gratifying their eager desire 
to assuage the burning thirst they had so long suffered by drinking 

etyrou. OoI.XIV. x 



too copiously, -which might hare been fatal to them; and w 
therefore supplied them with fresh water at first only sparingly and 
cautiously. We gave them some sago, and made them some 
thicken broth ; and they soon began to recover their spirits and 
strength. As their clothing was in a very wretched plight, from 
tho distress they had suffered, our People furnished them with new- 
clothes ; and we had the happiness daily to sec a rapid progress in 
the re-establishment of their health. 

While we were lying-to, and the People with the Boat were 
employed in taking the poor Men from the Wreck, we caught 
fei.v Dolphins. 

Our latitude to-day at noon, by observation, was 25 5' north ; 
from which it appeared that we had been carried by some Current, 
or some unknown cause, eleven miles to the northward of our 
account; by which deviation from the course we had intended to 
steer, we were brought to the spot whore the Wreck lay; a 
deviation the more extraordinary, as it had never occurred to us 
in any former Voyage, and can only" be ascribed to the immediate 
direction of ins all-gracious Providence, whose tender mercies arc 
over all his works, and Mho had ordained that we should be the 
instruments of his .merciful goodness, by discovering and rescuing 
from their dreadful situation the four poor Souls we took on board 
from the Wreck So true is it that " those who go down to the 
Sea in Ships, and who do business in great waters, see the works 
Df the Lord, and his wonders ih the deep." 

The following is the Narrative of the Loss of the Ship of which 
tre discovered the Wreck, and of the sufferings of the Crew, written 
by Mr. Thomas Burrows, the Master :*- 

<: ACCOUNT of the Loss of the Brig FLORA,, of Philadelphia, 
TIIUMAS Buimows, Master, on a. Voyage to Cayenne and South 
America. 

" On Friday the 28th of September, 1804, we sailed from 
'iladelphia, in good order, and well-conditioned for Sea; our 
Crew con^ting of the following Persons : 



Thomas Burrows, Master. 
William Davidson, Supercargo. 
Jacob Oldenberg, Mate. 
Jobiali Anderson, Steward. 
Samuel Babcotk, Seaman. 



John Nevan, Seaman. 
William Story, ditto. 

Joseph Wilden, ditto. 
Josiah Smith, Boy. 

James Cameron j ditto.. 



Ou Tuesday, the 1st of October, we discharged our Pilot* 
our departure from Cape Henlopen, with a pleasant 
from the north-eastward, all well on board. Nothing gf 

^ 



N.iVAL UTERATCRE. 155 

importance occurred till Tuesday the 8th, when the Wind hauled 
to the south-eastward, and continued in that direction till the 10th, 
with a heavy Swell from the east-north-cast. On Friday the 
12th, we found by observation that we were in latitude 28 50' 
north, longitude 54 0' v/est. Observing it to look for a blow 
from the north-east, we took in our jib, square-main-sail, top-, 
gallant-sails, and stay-sails. At four in the afternoon, the Gale 
increasing, we dose-reefed the top-sails, sent the Cop-gallant-yards 
down, and took in two reefs of the fore and aft main-sail. At 
midnight, the Gale still increasing from the north-eastward, we 
handed the top-sails, and hove-to under the fore-sail and main, 
stay-sail. At one A.M. of Saturday the 13th, handed the fore- 
sail and main-stay-sail ; hove-to under the balance-reefed main-sail j 
the Gale increasing with a heavy Sea, thunder, lightning, and. 
yiolent rain. At two A.M. the Gale still increasing, handed th$ 
balance main-sail, and hove-to under bare poles, the Brig making 
good weather. The Gale still continuing to increase, all hands 
were employed on deck, and our pump kept constantly going] till 
finding it impossible that the Brig could lie-to any longer, we 
called all hands aft, and it was determined, for the preservation of 
the Vessel, to cut away the main-mast, and scud before the Wind. 
Everything being prepared, we divided accordingly; but before 
we could get to the mast, we were struck by a Whirlwind, which 
hove the Brig on her beam ends. Every Person on board, except 
Joseph Wilden, a Seaman, who, being in the forecastle, was 
drowned now ran to the windward side of the Vessel. We 
immediately cut the lanyards of the main-rigging, and the main- 
mast went by the board. By this time the hatches had bursted up ; 
the Vessel filled with water; and the Cargo was floating out at 
i>ach hatchway. All hope of saving the Ship being now at an end, 
^eh-preservation became the only object with -every one; ana 
we endeavoured to lash ourselves to the main chains, when a heavy 
Sea broke over u=, and carried away William Davidson the Super-? 
cargo, William Story, and the two Boys, Smith and Cameron^ 
the fore-mast soon afterwards went by the Bqard. 

" Day-light came on, and discovered the most dismal sight ever 
beheld by the eye of Man. The Vessel was an entire Wreck, 
with masts and spars hanging to it; while different parts of the 
Cargo, as they floated from time to time out of the hold, washed 
pfr us. At length we shipped a heavy Sea abaft, which stoved in. 
the stern, and made an opening through which the Cargo in 
the cabin washed out : aud thus the Wreck became considerably 
lightened, 



J56 NATAL LTTErtATURE. 

" We remained on the mam-chains till eight o'clock in the 
morning, when we took to the bowsprit, thinking that the safest 
part of the Wreck. About nine, William Story, and the Boy, 
William Cameron, drifted on board, on the cabbooze-house. We 
no* lost all hope, and resigned ourselves to our late, expecting 
every wave to swallow us up. About noon the Boy died through 
fatigue, and we committed his body to the deep. In the latter part 
of this day the Gale became more moderate, but a heavy Sea 
continued running. On Monday the 13th William Story died for 
want of subsistence; and the Mate, from extreme hunger, actually 
devoured a part of his flesh : all the rest, however, refused to share 
with him, and the remains were committed to the deep. 

" When we had continued in this dismal situation till Wednesday 
Hit 17th, the Gale had become considerably more moderate; and 
it occurred to us, that by diving into the half-deck, we might 
obtain something on which we might subsist. This we endeavoured 
to do, but all our attempts proved ineffectual ; and we then had no 
other resource but to chew the lead from the bows. On Friday 
the 19th, "we discovered a large Ship to leeward, and made all 
the Signals we could, but in vain, for she passed without no- 
ticing us. 

" On Saturday the 20th, a strong breeze springing up, with a 
heavy Sea running, several kegs of butter came up from the 
forecastle: we all immediately plunged in on the deck, and were 
so fortunate as to save five kegs of salt butter, one of which was 
immediately opened, and we fed one another ; but we found that 
'the salt butter, instead of relieving, only increased our thirst. 

" On Sunday the 21st, Jacob Oldenburg, the Mate, became 
delirious, and continued so till his death, on the 23d. On the 
same day (the 21st) a Schooner passed us to leeward, within less 
than a mile. We hoisted all the Signals we could make, but 
without effect, though we could see every Man on deck. 

" On Tuesday the 23d, the Mate departed this life from want of 
subsistence; and as we were reduced to the last extremity from 
want of water and food, it was agreed to eat his flesh, for our own 
preservation. We accordingly dissected him, and drank his blood 
among us, from which we found considerable relief. At this time 
we were surrounded by numerous Sharks, which seemed waiting 
for us; and, as Providence directed us, we were so fortunate with 
a rope, and a piece of human flesh, as to take one of the largest of 
them. We then committed the Mate's body to the deep; and 
having got the Shark on the bowsprit, split him open, and. 



NATAL LITERATURE. 157 

divided his blood among us, which proved a most happy relief to 
us all. 

" On Wednesday the 24th, at sun-rise, we saw a Brig standing 
towards us, which sight cheered our drooping spirits, as it afforded 
us hope of relief. We immediately hoisted Signals of distress ; and 
had the pleasure to find the Brig haul up towards us. At tent 
A.M. she hove to, hoisted her Boat out to our assistance; and we 
were taken on board the Vessel, which proved to be the Snow 
Thames, of London, Charles Burton, Master, from Madeira, 
bound to New Providence. We were at that time in the most 
feeble and emaciated condition possible for living Men to be; but 
we soon began to revive, as we received every assistance and 
attention from the humanity of the Captain, his Officers, and 
Passengers. 

THOMAS BURROWS." 

To the Collectors of Shipwrecks, the whole of this curious 
Journal may be particularly recommended. The dreadful 
situation of the Survivors is well represented on the 
tispiece. 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

(July August. ) 
RETROSPECTIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS. 

r 7PHE arrival of Lord Nelson, and Sir Robert Calder's Action, are the principal 
events in the last month which have occupied the public mind. It has been . 
said that the former, with Sir Sidney Smith, is soon to embark on some desperate 
Project against the Enemy ; and we most sincerely wish to see his Lordship 
employed at the present moment, in defence of our own Shores. Should the mad 
project of Invasion ever be attempted, the Public would feel additional security 
from having the HERO OF THE NILE off our own Coast. But we greatly lament 
that ill-judged, and over-weening popularity, which tends to make another Demi- 
god of Lord Nelson, at the expense of all other Officers in the Service, many of 
whom possess equal merit, and equal abilities, and equal gallantry with the Noble 
Admiral. 

Sir Robert Calder has not yet, even to the Admiralty, as we have reason to 
believe, given that explanation of his conduct, which his Country expects, and 
his character demands. With his character, and its failings, we are well acquainted, 
but we now wish only to regard his talents. The French Fleet certainly did not 
run away ; but on the contrary, owing to the particular manoeuvres of the Action* 



158 NATAL HISTORY Of THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

they ni.-n- I'C aid ovrn to have pursued us : and this may, perhaps, have bee* 
occasioned by some feint of our Admiral, in order to attack the French to greater 
advantage. But the whole is at present merely conjecture, until some further 
.explanation of this Action has taken place. The account which the French haro 
"d in the Noniteiir, allowing for their natural boasting, and vanity, contains 
greater portion of truth than nsuai. 

Our West India Trade, and the fate of our Merchantmen from that quarter of 
the Globe, has created a considerable depression in the City. We trust, how- 
ever, like other political bugbears, that it will prove only a passing cloud. The 
spirited Attack made by Captain Zachariah Mudge * in the Blanche, on a superior 
Force, purposely stationed to annoy our West Indiamen, cannot be too highly 
spoken of; and makes ample compensation for the loss of his Ship. 

We have constantly viewed with pleasure every refutation that tended to add 
to the force aud importance of the Royal Marines. That Corps, whether taken 
ia its actual good conduct on ail occasions of arduous Service, or in its nature as 
beinc equally applicable to the most important duties at Sea, and on Shore, well 
deserves to be anxiously fostered; and we have been glad to see that this did not 
escape life attention of Government. We are now happy to state, that an order 
of Council was issued on, the 15th of August, for the establishment of a Fourth 
Division of Royal Murines, to be stationed at Woolwich, consisting of 31 Com- 
panies, one Naval Colonel, one Colonel-Commandant, one Second Colonel-Com- 
mandant, three Colonels, three Majors, two Adjutants, one Barrack-Master, ona 
Quarter-Master, one Surgeon, &c. 

We understand that a considerable augmentation will be made to our Navy : 
;ind that it is the intention of Government to build some Ships of the Line is 
Eussia, under the direction of General Bentham. 

Admiral Gravina, who commands the Spanish part of the Combined Fleets, is 
the same who had a Command during the Siege of Toulon, in 1792, where ha 
conducted himself more like an Ally of France than of England. He afterwards 
commanded the Spanish Fleet, during its long stay in Brest Harbour, which he 
quitted to become Ambassador at Paris, He is considered as thoroughly addicted 
to the French interest. Admiral Villeneuve, the French Commander, is of * 
Noble Family, and wa? fared in the Royal Marine. 

At Portsmouth, the main-mast of the Squirrel Frigate, Captain J. Shortland, wa* 
taken out. It exhibited the striking marks of the singular and potent effects of 
Jightnmg. The Squirrel was struck twice while cruising on the Coast of Africa ; 
.once in a Tornado at Senegal, and another time in a Thunder Storm at Cape Coast. 
The latter was far the most awful and destructive. In both these tremendous 
Hurricanes, the lightning broke to pieces two main-topmasts, two royal-masts, and 
two top-gallant-masts. The last flash struck he.- main-mast, and shivered it so 
much that they could not safely carry sail on it afterwards. It proceeded into 

e lower part of the Ship, and went out at the side, having stove in its way a 

plank, and loosened all the caulking from the fore to the mam chains, by which 

the Ship made eight inches of water an hour. As it darted from the mast to tfc 

deck, it knocked down the Master's Mate; the shock deprived him of speech 

> days, and he was blind for three weeks It also struck the Quarter- 

ter, who soon recovered; and partially struck Captain Shortland, wfcq 

appeared to those around as in a blaze of fire. 



* See his Official Letter, infra. 



KAT1L HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 159 



on 

Copied verbatim from the LONDON GAZETTE. 
[Continued from page 74.] 

ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, JULY 27, 1805. 

Copies of Letters frorti Rear- Admiral Dacres, Commander in Chief of His HfLaJcsttflf 
Ships and Vessels at Jamaica, to William Marsdcn, $<]. 

SIR, Herfule, Port Royal, May 25, 18051 

"IT HA\ r E the honour t enclose, for their Lordships' information, the copy of a 
** letter I have received from Captain Bh^h, of His Majesty's Ship Surveillantr, 
acquainting me of that Ship capturing a Spanish Pnvateer. 

I am, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

SIR, Suneillante, May 3, 180o. 

I beg leave to inform you, that His Majesty's Ship uuder my Command hai- 
this day, in lat. 20 37' N T ., long. 82 36' \V., captured the Spanish Schooner. 
Privateer el Rctusgo, mounting three guns, and having on board 53 Men. Sh* 
has been out 15 days, and taken nothing. I have the honour to be, &c* 

To Rear- Admiral Dacres, $c. #c. rf-c, JOHX I3LIG1I. 



SIR, Herciile, PortRm/ali May 25, 

I have the honour to transmit herewith, the copy of a letter i have received from- 
Captain Lamboni, of His Majesty's Sloop Peterell, acqua'njting me of bis having 
captured a Spanish Privateer, that in all probability, but for lier Capture, would* 
huve much annoyed the Trade of this Island. 

I am, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

His Majesty's Sloop Peterell, May 13, 1805, 

sin, off St. Jago de Cuba. 

1 have the honour to inform you, His Zvlajesty's Sloop under my Command cap- 
tured this day, at 4 A.M., after a Chase of two hours, a remarkable fine Spanish 
Privateer Schooner, carrying a long eighteen pounder and 4 sixes, and had on 
board 106 Men. She sailed from St. Jago twenty-four hours previous to her falling; 
Into our hands, and had taken nothing* I -have the honour to be, &c. 

To Rear-Admiral Dacres, <c. #c. #c. J. LAMBORN. 

SIR, Hkrcule, Port Royal, May 26, 1805. 

Captain Ross, of His Majesty's Ship Pique, having transmitted me a letter tte 
had received from Capt. Crofron, of the Racoon, acquainting him of his having. 
captured a Spanish Felucca Privateer, I have the honour' to- enclose the-copy 
thereof, for their Lordships' information. 

lam, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

SIR, His Majesty's Sloop Racoon, of Lucca, May 13, 1805. 

I beg leave to acquaint you, on the llth instant, being at the Anchorage of 
Montego Bay-, observed an Enemy's Schooner boarding a Droger; I irnnaediatly 
slipped and gave chase, but from her superiority in rowing and sailing in light 
Winds, she effected her escape with her Prize into Cape Cruz. On my return to 
this Station, I had the good fortune to fall in with and capture the Spanish Felucca 
Privateer San Felix el Socoro, had 40 Men on board, and one 6-pounder thrown 
overboard in chase; out from St Jago eleven days, and had taken but-on* 
Droger. I have the honour to be, N.c. 

EDWARD CROFTOX. 

To Captain Ross, Esq., of His Majesty's Ship Pique. 

SIR, Hercule, Port Royal, May 28, 1805. 

I -have the honour to encloses for'their Lordships' information, the copy of a- 
letter transmitted to me by Capt. A'tkias, inlbnnuig me of the Seine having, cap- 

7 






160 NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

tared (assisted by the Windsor Castle Packet under her Convoy) la Perseverante 
Schooner Privateer of Guadeloupe, having one long twelve and four four-pounders, 
and eighty-four Men on board. 

I am, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

am, His Majesty's Ship Seine, o/Heniaga, April 30, 1805. 

This afternoon I captured la Perseverante French Schooner Privateer, after a 
Chase of three hours. She is a remarkable fast-sailing fine Vessel, three years 
old, new coppered, and fastened with composition bolts, of large dimensions, has 
four 4-pounders and one long 12. Her complement 90 Men, and had 84 on board 
when taken. She -has been out twelve days from Guadaloupe, and captured an 
English SJoop the Apollo of Bermuda. I have the honour to be, &c. 

To Rear- Admiral Dacres, $c. <-c. $c. ' DAVID ATKINS. 

N. B. The Packet was in company with me at the Capture of the Privateer, 
and rendered essential service. 

sin, Hercule, Port Royal, June 4, 1805. 

I have the honour to enclose you the copy of a letter I have received from Capt. 
Atkins, of the Seine, acquainting me of the Barge belonging to that Ship having 
captured the armed Schooner Conception. 

I am, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

?IR, Seine, off Aguadilla, Porto Rico, May 27, 1805. 

This Morning, Lieut. Bland," of Marines, commanding the Seine's Barge, cap- 
tured the Spanish Schooner Conception, of two guns, long 6-pounders, and ten 
Men. She had many Passengers on board, who assisted in making some resist- 
ance, but they could not withstand the gallant Attack of the Barge. The Passen- 
gers escaped in a small Boat. The Conception is from Santa Maxta Martha, laden 
with logwood : a new Schooner, and sails very fast. The Prisoners, nine in num- 
ber, appear sickly, and I shall land them immediately to prevent the introduction 
f disease into the Seine, which I trust will meet your approbation. 
I have the honour to be, &c. 

DAVID ATKINS. 

SIR, Hercule, Port Royal, June 6, 1805. 

I have the honour to enclose, for their Lordships' information, the copy of a 
letter I have received from Captain Younghusband, of the Heureux, informing me 
of his having fallen in with, and captured the French Felucca Privateer la Desir6e, 
of one carriage gun and forty Men. I am, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

Hit Majesty's Ship Heureux, Port Royal, Jamaica, 
sin. JuneS, 1805. 

I have the honour to inform you, that on the 31st instant, off Cape Nicola Mole, 
1 fell in with, and captured the French Felucca Privateer la Desiree, of one car- 
riage gun and forty Men. I have the honour to be, &c. 

GEORGE YOUNGHUSBAND. 
fa Rear- Admiral Dacres, <c. <c. #c. 

8IR Hercule, Port Royal, June 14, 1805. 

I have the honour to enclose, for their Lordships' information, the copy of a 
letter 1 have received from Captain Mudge, of His Majesty's Ship Blanche. 

1 am, &c. J. R. DACRES. 

His Majesty's Ship Blanche, of Point Nevea, 

- M *' St. Domingo, June 10, 1805. 

I VT ear i, to ac q u a>nt jou of my having this morning captured I'Amilic, 
rren at.onal Schooner, Monrienr Francis Dupuis, Lieutenant de Vawseau, 
immler pierced for 14 guns, and 85 Men, with dispatches from General 
renaad to St. Jago de Cuba, after a Chase of eleven hours. 

Amme is a remarkable fine Vessel, coppered and fastened, and in every 
His Majesty's Service. During the Chase she threw overboard one 

teen and six six-pounders. I am, & c . &ICHARY MUDGE. 
T-9 Rtar-Admiral Ducres, Commander in Chief, 



HAVAI. HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 161 

9in, His Majesty's Ship Hercule, Port Royal, June 16, 1805. 

I have tho honour to enclose, for the information of the Lords Commissioners 
of' the Admiralty, a list of Vessels capiured, recaptured, and destroyed by His 
Majesty's Ships and Vessels under mv Command, between the 1st March and the 
lot June. I am, Ckc. J. R. DACRES. 

A Lift of Vessels captured, destroyed, and recaptured by Ills Majesty's Ship! and, 
Vessels on the Jamaica Station, under Ike Command nf James Richard Dacres, Esq., 
Rear-Admiral of f.'ic Red, $c. <S-c. $c. ; between the 1st of March and the 1st of 
June, 1805. 

Spanish S -hooner Santa Rosa, of 5 guns and 57 Men : captured by the Hunter, 
Captain Iii ; :'':iii'ld. 

French Schooner Elizabeth, laden with sundries : captured by the John Bull 
Cutter, Lieutenant Kortwrighl. 

American Brig Panther, laden with coffee, &c. : recaptured by the Fairy, 
Captain Creyke. 

French Schooner Hazard, of 6 guns and 80 Men : captured by the Blanche, 
Captain Miuli Y ,e. 

A French Sloop, (name unknown,) laden with fustic : captured by the Racoon, 
Captain Gordon. 

A French National Schooner, (name unknown,) of 1 brass long twelve-poun- 
der, 2 brass long four-pounders, 4 brass three-poun.l swivels, and 96 Men : 
destroyed by the Gracieuse Schooner Tender, Mr. Smith, Midshipman of the 
Hercule; 

French Schooner Flying Fish, laden with dry goods, &c. : captured by the 
Snake, Captain Bowcn. 

Dutch Schooner Antelope, of 5 guns and 51 Men : captured by the Stork, 
Captain le Geyte. 

British Schooner Desir6e : recaptured by the Papillon, Captain Woolsey. 
Spanish Felucca Conception, of 1 gun and 25 Men : captured by tlie P*apillori, 
Captain Woolsey. -, 

Spanish Schooner Don Carlos : captured by the Gracieuse Schooner Tender, 
Mr. Smith, Midshipman of the Hercule. 

Spanish Brig Santa Elena, laden with cocoa in bulk : captured by the Fortune^, 
Captain Vansitvart. 

Spanish Ship Benjamin, luden with 32 Negroes : captured by the Princess 
Charlotte, Captain Gardner. 

A Dutch Schooiier, (name unknown,) Tender to a Dutch Frigate, of 35 Men : 
laden with lumber and rice : captured by the Franchise, Captain Murray. 

American Ship Anna, laden with lumber : recaptured by the Diana, Captain 
Haling. 

Spanish Schooner Santa Anna, of 1 long eighteen-pounder, 4 six-pounders, and 
106 Men, laden with provisions: captured by the Peterell, Captain Lamborn. 

Dutch Schooner William George Frederick, laden with Hollands iu cases : cap- 
tured by the Blanche, Captain Mudge. 

Frivch Schooner !a Tup a-Bord, of 4 six-pounders and 46 Men : capturd by 
the Unicorn, Captain Hardyman. 

Spanish Soi.oontr Si-nta. Severina, laden with pitch and tar : captured by the 
Penguin, < .rris. 

S;>::n -''. > < > iMigente; laden with horses and Nicaragua wood : captured by 
the Blanche] 'A.ptam Mudge. 

British Sli'.p .Mary, laden with Island produce : recaptured by the Flying Fish, 
Captain Y 

Spanish Sh.p Esmeraldo, laden with quicksilver and iron: captured by the 
Pengii,:!, (A-.piiihi Morris. 

BntL-h Ship S:il'.s laden with Island produce : recaptured by the Princess 
Charloue, Captain 'Javdner. 

Span'ih Schooarr San Ipnacio, laden with sundries: captured by the Seine, 
Captain Atkins. Diu;t of Admiralty. 

Spai.tsh Schooner Refusgo, of 3 guns and 53 Men : destroyed by the Sur- 
'teiliuiue, Captmn Bligh. 



162 NAVAT. msTonr or THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

American Schooner Courier, laden with naval stores : captured by the Diana., 
C.iptain Malm;:. 

American Schooner Ann and Harriot, laden with sundries : recaptured by the 
Diana, Captain Malms;. 

French Ship (ieneral Ernouf, late His Majesty's Sioop Lilly, ot 18 twclve- 
jnimidrr earronndes, 2 long four-pounders, li'9 Seamen, and 31 Soldiers : sunk, 
and cxplod< d as goinsr down, by the llenard, Captain Co^hlan. 

Spanish Schooner Snn Fe.lix'y Socaroo, of 1 gun and 40 Men : captured \,j 
the Racoon, Cuplain Cr"fton. 

French Schooner Pi r-everanle, of 1 twelve-pounder, 4 four-pounders, and 84 
Men : captured by the Seine, Captain Atkins. 

Spanish Schooner Elizabeth, of 10 gu:is and 47 Men captured by the Bacchante, 
Captain Dnhwood. 

Spanish Schooner Conception, of 2 toiur si\-pounders, and 10 Men : captured 
by the ]5ar::e ot the Seine, Lieutenant Bland, of .Marines. 

" French Schooner De.sirec, of 1 gun and 50 Men : destroyed by tlie Heureux, 
Captain Younghusband. J R. UACTIKS. 

Copii of a Letter from Captain Poyntz, Commander of His Majesty's Ship the 

Slilampus, to l\'illiam Marsden, Esq. ,- dated in Plymouth Sound the 22(/ July. 

MR 

I hen you will be pleased to inform the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty 
of my arrival at this Port with the. Hydra, Prize to the Melampus : for the par- 
ticulars of which I beg to refer you to a copy of my letter to Admiral Corn- 
wallis, herewith enclosed. I a, &C. STEPHEN POYXTZ. 

sin, Mclampus, Plymouth ^'nund, July 2?, 1805. 

I liave the honour to acquaint you, that, in executing Admiral Lord Gardner's" 
orders, His Majesty's Ship under my Command, the 13th instant, in lat. 50 N. f 
long. 1.0? W., captured the Hydra Spanish private Ship of War, of i?B guns, 
mounting 22 long nines on the main deck, leaving two spare.. ports, and 6 sixes on 
the quarter-deck, with a complement of 192 Men, three of whom were killed, and 
Several wounde.d, i'i the Skirmish. Her Cruise of four months terminated on the 
seventeenth day without any loss to the Trade of this Country ; and her superior 
qualifications induce me to recommend her for His Majesty's Service. 
I have the honour to be, ixe. 

To Admiral Cornwall*, cj-c. S. POYXTZ. 

Py of a Letter from Rear-Admiral Druri/ to William Marsden, Esq., dated at 
Cork the 21st July. 

SIR, 

^ou will, please to acquaint the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that 
In- Majesty's Ships Topaze and Venus arrived Jiere this dav with I'Hirondcilf , a 
French ling Privateer, of 16 guns, and 90 Men, Pri/e to the latter. Enclosed I 
transmit a kher from Captain Matson, which will inform their Lordships of the 
particulars of the Capture. 

I beg leave to mention that Captain Matson describes this Brig as sailing 
extraordinary well ; that the Venus took her by having her to leeward and out- 
carrying her, and that by the Wind she sails much faster than the Venus. 

I am, &c. W. O'B. DRURY. 

SIR ' Venus, Cork Harbour, July 21, 180.">. 

I have the satisfaction to acquaint you, that His Majesty's Ship under my Com- 

tnand, on the morning, at daylight, of the 10th instant, being in the lat. 48 L'l' 

ft., and about the long. 14" W., gave Chase to a Sail bearing west ; and, after a 

! sixty-six miles "VV .\.W. with a fine breeze from the north-east, in six hours 

s up wili, and captured ITIirondelle French Privateer Brig, belonging to 

irk, mounting 16 guns, four sixes, and the rest three-pounders ; two of the 




p It t T' TIC aim IOOK me v^utM 

ih' i , V4 P <?' "* ud ? c ' aflcr an Aciion of two hours, on the 16th of May last, in 

) IS., and long. 12' 20' W., and captured several other Vessels. 
r/ , n I !iav <: the honour to be, &c. 

' R car..l awir ai J>mn/, .%. .j-c. H> M ATSON. 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 163 

LOXDOX GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. 

ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, JULY 31, 1805. 

it J ctter from tl;c Hon. Admiral Cornwallis, Commander in Chief of His 
''.< Ships UK! T'i.se;', in the L'hnnncl, <$c., t<> 1'i'iUuitn MarsJen, Esq., dated 
Ville d'e Paris, o/ Ushant, V8tk July, 1805. Eight P. M. 

sin, 

I liave die pleasure to enclose, for the in formation of the Lords Commissioner; 
of the Admiralty, a Letter from Vice-Admiral S:r Robert Culler, giving an ac- 
count of hi* success against the Combined Squadrons of France and Spain. 

1 have the honour to be, &c. W. CORNWALLIS. 

SIR, Prince of Wales, Jii//23, 1805. 

Yesterday, at noon, hit. 43 30' X., Ion?. 11 17' W., 1 was favoured with a 
view of the Combined Squadrons of France and Spain, consisting of 20 Sail of the 
Line, also three large Ships armed en Jlute, of about 50 guns each, with five. 
Frigates, and three UriL"* : the Force under my directions at this time consisting 
of l, r > Sail of the Line, two Frigates, a Cutter, and a Lugger, I immediately stood 
towards the Enemy with the Squadron, making the needful Signals for Battle in 
the closest order ; and on closing witli % thcm, 1 made the Signal for attacking their 
centre. When I had leached tiieir rear, I tacked the Squadron in succession ; 
this brought us close up under their lee, and when our headmost Ships reached their 
centre, .he Enemy were tacking in succession ; tins obliged me to make again 
the same manoeuvre, by which I brought on an Action which lasted upwards of 
four hours, when I found it necessary to bring-to the Squadron to cover the two 
captured Ships, whose names are in the margin *. I have to observe, the Enemy 
had every advantage oi ' V\ ":;ul ;;nd weather during the whole day. The \veather 
had In en foggy at limes, a great part of the morning'; and very soon after we had 
brought them to Action, the foil was so very thick at intervals, that we could with 
great difficulty see the Jjhip a-head or a-stern of us ; this rendered it impossible to 
take the advantages of tho Enemy by Signals I could have wished to have done. 
Had the weather been more favourable, I am led to believe the Victory would 
have been more complete. I have very groat pleasure in saying, every Ship was 
conducted in the most masterly sTylo ; and I beg leave here publicly to return 
every Captain, Oilicer, and Man, whom I had the honour to Command on that 
day, my most grateful thanks, for their conspicuously gallant and very judicious 
good conduct. 

The Hon. C-iptain Gardner, of the Hero, led the Van Squadron in a most 
masterly and Olhcer-hkc manner, to whom I feel myself particularly indebted ; 
as also to Captain Cmning, for his assistance during the Action. 

Enclosed is a list of the killed and wounded on board the different Ships. If I 
may judge from the great slaughter on board the captured Ships, the Enemy 
must have suffered greatly. They are now in sight 10 windward ; and when i 
have secured the captured Ships, and put the Squadron to rights, I shall en- 
deavour to avail iiuself of any opportunity that may oiler to give you some 
further acco-unt of these Combined Squadrons. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

Hon. Admiral Cornwallis. R. C ALDER. 

Lift of the Killed nnd Wounded an board the Ships nf the Squadron under the 
Orders of Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Culder, Ban., on the 2Vd of July, 1805, 

Hero Hon. A. H. Gardner, 1 killed, 4 wounded. 
Ajax William IJrown, 2 killed, 16 wounded. 
Triumph Henry Inman, 5 killed, 6 wounded. 
Jjarfleur George Martin, Skilled, 7 wounded. 
Agamemnon John Harvey, 3 wounded. 
Windsor Castle Charles Boyle.s, 10 killed, 35 wounded. 
Defiance P. C. Durham, 1 killed, 7 wounded. 

Prince of Wales Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Calder and Capt. W. Cuming, 
3 killed, 20 wounded. 

* St. Rafael, 84: guns. La Firme, 74 guns. 



164 NAVAL HISTORY Of THE PRESENT YEAH, 1805. 

Repulse Hon. A. K. Lcgge, 4 wounded. - 
Ruisonabit Josias Him k'>, 1 killed, 1 wounded. 
Prison Kdwiinl Grith'ths, none. 

Glory Ilear-Admiral Sir Charles Stirling and Capt. Samuel Warren, 1 killed, 
1 wounded. 

Warrior S. Hood Linzce, none. 

Thunderer W. LcrlmuTc, 7 killed, 11 wounded. 

Malta Edward Bulkr, 5 killed, 40 wounded. 

FRIGATES. 

Eiryptiennr Hon. C. E. Fleming, no return. 
SvriufrA-'VV. Prowse, '' k, lied, 5 wounded. 
1 u-l. flutter Lieut. .1. Nicholson, none. 
Nile Lugger Lieul. G. Fennel, none. 

Total 11 killed, 158 wounded. 

R. CALDER. 

AUGUST 3, 1805. 

Copt/ of a I-ettcr from Sir Robert Cnlder, Bart., Vice- Admiral of the Slue, to the 
Hmwvrable William ('ornieaHif, Admiral nf the Wl'itt 1 , #c. ; dated :m boun' Hi; 
jU;/Y.-ti/'s Map the Prince of Wales, the 25f/i ofjuiij, 100.3. 

SIB, 

I am induced to send, by the Windsor Castle, a triplicate of my Dispatch of 
the 23d Instant. Owing to a very great omission of my Secretary, wlio, from 
indisposition, and an interlineation in my first Letter, neglected to insert the 
jiame of Rear-Admiral Charles Stirling in iny public thanks ; I am therefore to re- 
guest you will be pleased to cause the mistake to be corrected as early as possible. 
I have the honour to be, &c. 

HOB. CALDER. 

AUGUST 17, 1805. 

Copy of a Letter from Vice- Admiral Rainier, to William Harsdcn, Esq., dated 
Tndcnt, Madras-Road, March 9, Ib05. 

SIR, 

1 feel the highest gratification in having the pleasure to enclose, for their 
Lordships' information, copy of a Letter 1 have very recently rccuvrd from 
Captain Henry Lambert, of His Majesty's Ship St. P'iorenzo, containing the 
particulars of bis success in taking the French National FrLate la Psyche, Capt. 
J. Bergeret, preceded by a very active pursuit. The Ions of Men on both sitlc-s 
is great, but, as usual, much more so on board the Enemy, it adds much to 
the honour and credit of Captain Lambert, his Oilict rs and Crew, that -the 
character of Captain Bergeret fand high in the French Navy, being the, same 
Officer who commanded Ja Virginie, when captured by Sir Edward Pellew in 
the Indefatigable; to which rnay be added the increased annoyance sustained by 
the St. Fiorenzo, frcm the great support given the French Frigate by PEquivoque 
armed Ship. But 1 c.mnot help expnssmt: myself much pleased with the 
animated and spirited resolution taken by Captain Lambert, for renewing the 
Attack, which was only prevented by Viclory, as attempts of that kind have 
been generally found to be successful, evincing the superior valour of British 
Sailors, and exhibiting a most laudable example for imitation to the Service m 
general. All the trading part of His Majesty's Subjects throughout India rejoice 
on the occasion ol this Capture, as being more apprehensive of depredations on 
their Trade from Captain Bergeret's til.ilities and activity, than from the whole 
remaining Force of the French X.ivy at present in these Seas united. 
I have the honour to be, i\c. 

PETER RAINIER. 

si". St. Fiorenzo, Kedgeree, Feb. 17, 1805. 

I have the honour to inform you of my arrival this day off the Sand Heads, 
after having proceeded to the southward, in consequence of a Letter received' 
the 8th InMant (nun th.' Chief Secretary of Government, acquainting me of a 
suspicious Vessel Uving appeared otf Vi/apapulam, supposed to be thc'Natioual 
Frigate Pijrck, ::wi requesting, in the name of his Excellency the Governor- 
General in Council, that I would either proceed towards that place, or other- 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 163 

wise, as I might consider most expedient to the advantage of the public Service 
I therefore thought that I should not he exceeding the limits of your Orders by 
pursuing such a course as I conceived most probable for intercepting the said 
Vessel, should she be bound to the northward and eastward. 

On the 13th Instant, at six A. M., in latitude 19 3,">' N., longitude 85 25' 
*E., I had the satisfaction to discover three Sail at anchor under the land, who 
shortly after weighed and made sail to the southward. I plainly observed that one 
WHS a Frigate, and the other two apparently Merchant Ships. I continued the 
Chase until half-past seven P. M. the following dav, when coming up with the 
sternraost Vess. 1, she proved to be the Thetis, Country Ship, Prize to the French 
Frigate la Psyche, of thirty-six guns, and 2-|0 Men, under the Command of 
.Captain Bergeret, then a-head at a short distance. Finding the Enemy had 
abandoned the Thetis, I left a Midshipman in'char^e, and continued the Chase 
after the Frigate, then making off under all sail. At ten minutes past eight com- 
menced close Action, at the distance of about half a cable's length, and continued 
so until half-past eleven: at which time 1 , finding all our running rigging very much 
cut up, hauled off to repair the same. At midnight, bore up to renew the Conflict; 
hut, just as we were about to recommence our fire, an Officer from the Enemy 
cam.: on board to inform me Captain Ber^eret, from humanity's sake for the 
remaining survivors, had struck, though lie might have borne the Contest longer. 
Daring tlie Action we wre occasionally annoyed by the fire of 1'Equivoqtie 
Privateer, of ten guns and forty Men, commanded by a Lieutenant. She proved 
to be the kite Pidsreon Country Ship, fitted out by Captain Bergeret as a 
Privateer : which Vessel, from sailing very well, I am concerned to acquaint 
yon, effected her escape in the course of the night. 

J. 'n s. leave to observe, from the able support which .1 received during the 
Action from Lieutenants Doyle, Dawson, Collier, aud Duvies, Mr. Findlaysea 
the Master, and Lieutenant Ashmore, of the Marines, as well as the rest of the 
Ship's Company, who displayed the most gallant and spirited conduct on the 
occasion, merit my warmest encomiums. I also feel it a duty incumbent on jnc 
to recommend ?jr. Doyle, my First Lieutenant, to your attention, from his 
meritorious and exemplary behaviour throughout the Contest. I am grieved to 
relate that Lieutenant Dawson is dangerously wounded in the breast with a 
boarding Pike while in ihe act of boarding. 

Enclosed 1 transmit a list of the killed and wounded of His Majesty's Ship 
under my Command, also of the late French National Frigate la Psyche. 

I have the honour to be, ice. 
To Vice-Admiral Rainier, Commander in Chief, <$c. H. LAMBERT. 

A List of the Kilted and Wounded in His Majesty's Sftip St. Fiorenzo. 

Killed. Mr. Christopher H. B. Lefroy, Midshipman, 8 Seamen, 1 Drummer, 
and '2 Marines. 

Wounded. Lieutenant Dawson, Mr. Findlayson, Master, Lieutenant Ashmore 
of the Marines, Mr. Martingle, Midshipman, 3i) Seamen, mid 2 Marines. Total, 
12 killed and 36 wounded. 

A Return of the Killed and Wounded in the late. French Frigate la Psychf. 

Killed. The Second Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 54 Seamen and Soldiers. 
Wounded. 70 Of.icers and Seamen, Total, 57 killed and 70 wounded. 

Copy of a Letter from Pear-Admiral Dacres, to W. Zlarsden, J.sq., dated on board 
the Shark, at Port Roijal, 3d July, iSOjj. 

SIR, 

Herewith you will receive the copy of a Letter from Lieutenant Benarding, 
commanding the Sandwich Cutter, to Captain Dashwood, of the Bacchante, 
acquainting him with the Capture of three Privateers. 

I am, .\c. J. R. DACRES. 

His Mqjcf til's Cutter Sandwich, at \~assau, 

SIR, A'f w Providence, 3/</y 21, 1805. 

In consequence of your Order of the 21st Ultimo, I proceeded on the Cruise 
directed, in company' with the Nassau Schooner, and oa the 6th lustant, the 



166* HATAI. HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

West Caicos henrin:; E. S. E. about eight leagues, we fill in witli and captured 
S tjeoneri la Kenom:uie, mounting three gun.-i, (me long nine, 
and luo IU0* lii.vm- on board /><5 Mi n ; and on the 7th, la. Rencontre, mount- 
ing two guns, four Bunders, arid 42 Men; as also la Venus, with one gun and 
Sb Mi n. 

1 >boulil have continued to Cruise for a greater length of time, but was forced 
to return from the great number of Pri.ioners. 

I am, &c. ' C. D. BENARDING. 

Captain Dtuhuood, Bacchante. 

IR, Shark, Port Poi/al, 5th July, 1805. 

I have the honour to enclose, for their Lordships' information, the copy of a 
letter I have received from Captain Atkins, of the Seine, acquainting me of the 
Barge, commanded by Lieutenant Bland, of the Marines, having captured an 
armed Spanish Felucca. I am, &c. 

To II HI. Marsden, EJJ. J. R. DACftES. 

sin, Seine, off Aqunddla, June 18, 1305. 

Lieutenant Bland, of the Marines, commanding the Seine's Barge, returned 
this nionung from a short Crnise, in which he destroyed a Spanish Sloop, and 
captured the Conception, a large Spanish Felucca, of two long four-pound erg, 
and 14 Men, after an Action of three quarters of an hour : the Enemy had live 
Men severely wounded ; and I am happy to add, not a Man was hurt in the 
Bar-e. 

Tins is the second very gallant dash of Mr. Bland since our arrival nere ; in 
toth he has acquired much credit, ami be speaks in the strongest terms of tliu 
gallantry and good conduct of Mr. Edward Cook, Midshipman, who accompanied 
him, and of all ilie Boat's Crew. The Felucca is laden with cocoa and cochineal, 
aud was bound from Porto Rico to Cadi;;. 

I liave the honour to be, &e, 

To J. JR. Dacres, %., Commander in Chitf, D. ATKINS. 

Qc, Jfcc. <c. 

AUGUST 24. 

Ccpn of a Letter from Captain Mudge, of His Majesty's late Ship Blanche, to 
William Narsden, Esq. ; dated on board the French Rational Ship Tonaze, 2 f 'd 
July, 1805. 

MB) 

T am sorry to inform you of the loss of His Majesty's Ship Blanche, which was 
captured by a French Squadron, as per margin* ; but, thank God, she was not 
destined to bear French Colours, or to assist the Fleet of the F.nemv. 

On Friday morning, July 19th, in lal. 20? 20' N,, long. 66 9 44'' W., (Veatlur 
hazy,) at eight, four Sail were seen oil' the weather cat-head, three Ships, and a 
Brig on the opposite tack, under easy sail. I kept to the Wind until v.e were 
near enough to distinguish Colours. I then made the necessary Sinals to ascer- 
tain whether they were Enemies, At ten, when a-breast, 'about three miles 
distant, they all bore up, and hoisted English Ensigns ; but, from the make of the 
Union, and colour of the Bunting, with oilier circumstances, I concluded they 
were ireiich, and therefore determined to sell the Ship as dearly as possible (tor 

* La Topaze, of 44 guns, 28 eighteen-pounders on the main-deck, 10 thirty- 
itx pound carronades and 6 twelve-pounders on the quarter-deck and forecastle, 
Lapiam Bourdin, Commander, 340 Men, 10 Officers and 60. Privates, Legion d 
Midi. (410.) 

Le 1). paricment dcs Landes, of 20 guns, nine-pounders, and 2 six-pounders 
', Captain des Mantel, i.'0() Men, 6 Officers and 30 Privates, Le- 
gion dc Midi. (i>3<i.) 

JLa lore-he, of 18 guns, long twelve-pounders, Captain Brunet, 190 Men, 3 
Officers and 20 Private, Legion dc Midi ("13 ) 

Ca i )tam Pdun ' 12 MCD, and 3 Officers. 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE rRESEXT YEAR, 1805. 1-67 

sr.tling was ont of the question, the Blanche having little or no copper on these 
last nine months, and sailed very heavy). Having brought-to, with the mainsail 
in the brails, at eleven the Commodore ranged up within two cables' length, 
shitted his Colours, and gave us his broadside. When within pistol-shot she re- 
ceived ours; the Action became warm and steady, the Ships never without 
hail of each other, running large, under easy sail ; le Departemcnt des Landeg 
on the starboard quarter, and the two Corvettes close astern. At forty-live 
Jirinutes past clever, the Ship became ungovernable, and was reduced to a perfect 
Wreck ; the sails totally destroyed, ten shot in the foremast (expecting it to fall 
every minute), the mainmast and rigging cut to pieces, seven guns dismounted, 
and the Crew reduced to one hundred and ninety, and the rest falling fast, witlt 
no probability of escape, I called a Council of Officers for their opinion, who 
deemed it only sacrificing the lives of the renviinder of as brave a Crew as ever 
fought, to hold out longer, as there was not the smallest prospect of success ; I 
therefore, at twelve, ordered the Colours to be struck, and was immediately hur- 
ried on board the Commodore. At six, the Officers, who had charge of the 
Blanche, returned, and reported the Ship to be sinking fast, on which she WHS 
lircd ; and in about an hour alter she sunk, for the Magazine had been somt: 
time under Water. 

Thus, Sir, fell the Blanche ; and I trust the Defence made by her Officers and 
gallant Crew will meet their Lordships' approbation. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

ZACHARY MUDGE. 

P.S. Including every individual when the Ship went into Action, there were- 
but two hundred and fifteen, thirty Men being in Prizes, and eight left on board 
one of the Frigates at Jamaica. I cannot exactly ascertain those killed and 
wounded, as the Crews were promiscuously distributed to the different Ships of 
the Squadron, but those that came immediately under my notice were, 

Killed. John Nichols, Quarter-Master; William Marsh, able ; Thomas Mul- 
lins, ditto ; James Forode, ditto ; Edward Marsh, ditto ; Nirnrod Lunce, Marine ; 
\Villiam Jon'js, ditto, (Drummer) ; William Strutton, Boy. 

Wounded. Mr. William Ilewctt, Boatswain, with ten Seamen, and two 
Marines. 


Copy of a Letter from Captain finrtm, of His "Majesty's Ship Goliath, to W. Marsdxn, 

Esq. ; dated at Sea the 15f)i Instant. 
SIR, 

I have enclosed, for their Lordships' information, a copy of a letter I havt this 
day sent to the Honourable Admiral Coruv.-.ilii^. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

11. BARTOX. 

sin, Goliath, at Sea, August 15, 1805. 

I bfii leave to acquaint yon, for the information of my Lords Commissioners of 
the Admiralty, that agreeably to your order of the 11th instani, standing for 
Ferrol, this "day, at eight A.M., 'iat. 4.5 32' K, and long. 7 s 25' W., we. 
fell in with le Faune Brig Corvette, mounting sixteen guns, \\hich, after a short 
Chase, we captured. She was chased by the Camilla, who was in company, 
since eleven P.M. : she was from Martinico, bound to any part of the Coast 
she could make. She had on board twenty-two Men belonging to the Blanche. 

1 have sent the Corvette in charge of the Camilla, Captain Ta\lor, who is 
bound to Portsmouth, and shall immediately proceed to put your order iu 
execution. 

I have the honour to be, &:c. 

11. BARTQX. 
Honourable Admiral Cornicallis, &c. $-c. c?-c. 

N.B. Le Faune is perfectly new, this being her. first Voyage ; she sails re- 
markably fast, and I think is a great acquisition to tlic Service for this class tff 
Vessels. H. B. 



108 NATAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 



1805. 

or" a Letter from Captain Twlnr, f // -Vfl/wf.v * .%> CrimiHa, to T!'. 
57. ; </(/*t(< at Spithead, 22d August, 1805. 

I imwint ton, for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Ad- 
miraltv, that * arrived hen- (his inorniriL' ; and that a imc new French Corvette 
Bri" IP Faune, of 16 mm* and ninety-eight Men, after being chased nine houre 
by H Majesty's Ship Camilla, was raptured the 15th .mstant, at eight A.M., i 
let. 45 18' N.Jong. ? M' W., by her and His Majesty's Ship Goliath, whd 
joined in the latter part of the pursuit. 
* I have the honour to he, &c. 

B. W. TAYLOR. 



fricfaVowin" isaiiFitractnfn Lcttcrfrom John Refers, Esq., commanding ihe United 
States' Squadron '> the Mediterranean, to Frc'l. Drgcn, J-'.sq., l\ r <m/ Agent far the 

United States, at Xaplcs, dated Malta, June 8, officially communicated : 

I have the honour to make known to you, that Peace was concluded between 
the Hinted States of America and his Excellency the Bashaw of Tripoly, by 
Tobias Lear, Commissioner on the part of the I' Jilted States; and the said Bsshs* 
of Tripoly, in behalf of himself and subjects, on the 3d instant, on terms the most 
honourable and advantageous to the United States. Our unfortunate Countryin;ui, 
Captain Bainbridge, Oflicers and Crew of the late Frigate Philadelphia, are again 
restored to the arms of Liberty and their Country ; and I beg you, Sir, to give- 
these communications publicity. 

" I have the honouf to be, very respectfully, 

" Your obedient humble Servant, 

" JOHN ROGERS." 



Minutes of the Action between llic Combined Fleet of France and Spain, and the British 
Squadron under the Command of Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Colder', 

" His Majesty's Ship Windsor Castle, lat. 44 dcg. 10 mitt, 
long, il deg. 22 min.Cape Finisterre S. E. 112 Miles. 
One Hundred Leagues JV. E. of Ushant. 

" P. Jf. Moderate breezes, and thick foggy weather. At two o'clock, Admiral 
Calder made the Signal for an Enemy being in sight, and to prepare for battle ; at 
three ditto, formed the Line of Battle in open order ; forty -five minutes after tour, 
the Van Ships having tacked, Signal was made to engage the Enemy's centre in 
close order; fifty-five after four, the cannonading commenced by Ships a-head ; 
the fog being so thick, could not discover what Ships -were engaged; ten minutes 
paKt five, being on the larboard tack, observed the Barfleur on the starboard tack ; 
tacked Ship on her wake ; the fog having cleared away a little, discovered two 
French Line of Battle Ships, a Frigate, and a Brig, opposed to us, when we opened 
our fire, wjth an almost incessant cannonading ; at forty-five minutes after six, 
a Spanish Ship of the Line dropped down to support the above Ships ; t'icy haul- 
ing their fore and main halyards on board, made sail to windward from us, at the 
same time kept up a heavy fire; two other Ships of the Line took their stations ; 
the Prince of Wales coming up, partially engaging two Ships of the Line, their 
foremast fire being directed at us, and their aftermost at, the Prince of Wales. 
At seven, our fore-top-mast and main-top-gallant-mast shot away. At forty-live 
after seven, observed the Ship opposed to us before the beam, with the main and 
nu/.en mast con-, which Ship struck her Colours, and dropped astern ; sent a Boat 
with Lieutenant Molinenx to take possession, who was prevented by the heavy fir 
from ihe Prince of Wales, not observing she had struck her 'Colours to us. 
Tin' !o.' ajram coming on, the Boat returned on board. The headmost of the two 
Ships, whose fire was divided between us and the Prince of Wales, appeared to be 
much disabled, bore up and dropped down upon our Line, under a very heavy fire' 
from Ships astern, her lower masts then standing. About half past eight, the 
Enemy ceased firing at us, but continued engaging astern until three quarters past 
fijht, when they made sail to windward. Out disabled situation, the standing ani 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805, 169 

running rigging shot away, our masts and yard? much wounded, rendered it 
impracticable to p;n>ue th^m ; at eleven, ihe D:-:^-^! informed u . the was c-.-Jered 
to remain by, ami a-sist us ; i:' necessary, to take- us in low. A. M. moderate an<l 
fine: at thirty minutes past four, observed ().< lUalta Man of War, S:riu* anl 
Egyptienne i rifles, coiiii;:^ up frui:i Liie leeward, with two of the Enemy's Liua 
oi Battle Ships in tcvv ; the remainder of :5:e Enemy's Ships, thirty in number, 
being hull-down to windward. British S^uron, consisting of thirteen Ships of, 
the Line, two sixty-four gnu Ships, and two Frigates, a Logger, and Cutter. 
Luemy's Fleet, eoasiating of twenty-two Step* of-tit" Line, sis "Frigates, and two 
Bng ; one Store -;hip, and a capture'd English South Seaman, undet'a heavy pre-,$ 
of sail, to windward." 

Zj.tr.Mt of a Letter from an Officer on bc-.rd or? of tie Fixates in Sir Robert 
Colder s !'. 

" On tlie 22d July, about eleven A. 31., t'le Defiance, one. of the look out 
i?!i.{ij, made a Signal for a Fleet X. W., directly to wind wi;-d of our Ficet ; shortly 
after the Signs! i'ur their being the Enemy's Fleet, nnd that they consisted ot Ship's 
*>f the Line and Frigates, to the number of thirty. At this time we were to wind- 
ward of the Defiance, and four or five leagues to windward of our Fleet, About 
half past twelve P. M, we could plainly count from our deck from twenty-fhe to 
thirty Sail, apparently lying-to. The' Defiance geiti-i,; nearly within ^un-shot, 
returned to our Fleet, who wore then forming in Line of Bfcttje, About two we 
were considerably within gun-shot of the Enemy's advanced Squadron, which 
then tacked and stoo 1 to wmd.vard of their Fleet, then formed in Line. We Sore 
up to leeward of their advanced Ship, and passed within h.-lf gun-shot of thei* 
whole Line, which was formed in a masterly stile, and consisted of seventeen Sail 
of the Line, and three Line of Battle Ships to windward for the protection of their 
Hear. They had likewise seven large Frigates, two Brigs, and a very valuable 
Galieon, which one of their Frigates had in tow ; the Frigates were likewise to wind* 
ward (with the three Ships ot the Line,) of their sip nimost Ship. Our Fleet was 
at this time about six miles to leeward, on the starboard lack, under a press of sail, 
the Enemy at the same time under easy sail thick fog intervening, prevented 
ihe two Fleets from seeing each other. Seeing the Galleon in row by the frigate, 
and observing they were the sternmnst Ship of the Enemy's Line, we t&cked'with, 
the intent of attempting to cut her off. This sudden manoeuvre threw the Enemy'* 
Frigate into ala'.m, and she immediately commenced firing Signal-guns in quick 
accession, which caused three Line of Battle Ships, stationed to cover their Rear, 
?o edge down for her protection. Our attempt being thus frustrated, we were com* 
pelled to edge down to our Fleet, The iog at this time cleared a little, and we 
'ived that our Fleet tacked for the Enemy, and the Admiral had given the 
.;! to attack their Centre. As we were edging away, we observed the Van of 
r hc Enemy had wore for the protection of the Galleon likewise, and when we 
observed, their leading Ships (three quarters past fourj) were i i a very critical 
situation. On passing, they hoisted Spanish Colours, and we received ths whole 
fire of iheir three leading Shins, upwards of 1^0 | i cos of heavy artillery, discharged 
in one moment on our Frigate, while we <.-o;iid only return twenty. Thus the 
Action commenced; our leading Ship, tiu Hero, 74, tacked immediately thv 
Enemy opened their fire on us, and c-onjuieiuvd a heavy cannonading on them in 
return. It continued with unremitting fury for three hours and a half, when we 
<:i'A (on the charing of the fog at intervals,) the French Line to windward, and two 
Ships disabled, although we could not at the ti.ue lii-tinguith whether they belonged; 
to the Enemy or us. At "half past eigjrt the firing ceqsed o.i both sides; the Admiral 
hoisted his dtttingnuhkjg lights, as did the rc> i j .ron, when \ve cou!4 

plainly observe our Fleet to be in tolerable order, considering the extreme foggir 
ness of the weather, tnd had apparently suffered but little, although the firing" on, 
bothsidf's wsi e\treme!y he ivy, V\ e ij ; -iir_ r ju-t ti> leeward of the Admiral, wcfa 
ordered i::to thn Tiear to take possession of the two Prizrs, attending en which duty 
has been ear constant employment ever since. About nine, the Admiral madeths 
Sigual to bring to orj the starboard, t<tck, which was complied with by ihe whole 
Lme. The two Spanish Ships that have surrendered ha.l 600 Mm lulled a;;4 
wounded; their lower mast? shot away by the board, ?o '.hat ihey -,ver<j r-;BJ->rc-d 

183)3, SFfcnm. cr.XIV, z 



170 NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT TEAK, 1803. 

totally unmanageable, ami gave us immense trouble in towing them. Had th< 
weather been dear, I h.iv. no hesitation in laying they would have been cora- 
pletelv defeat.-! hur th:' !o? ; prevented our Ships <-ttmg near enough (they not 
betas discernible bllt at interval.*,) and the French being to windward were too 
Nr to come nearer to us. On the 24th, the Wind shifted to the Eastward, which 
brought our Fleet to windward of the Enemy. At tiiis time we were so far to lee- 
wi.r.f with our Prizes, that we could not *ce the Enemy, though our Fleet 
could. 

FREXCII ACCOUNT OF THE ACTIOX WITH SIR ROBERT CALDER. 

MINISTRY OF MARINE. 

" Ou board the Emperor's Ship Bucentaure, 8 Thermidw, (27 July), 

40 Leagues H'A IF. off Cupe Finislcrrc. 

" I hare the honour, my Lord, to give you an account of the Combined 
Fl.vts having quitted Martinique on. the 16th Pi-a;rial. 

"On the 9lh July, being oit Cape Finis!. Trc, there came on an E.\.E. 
.}',. Wind, which blew with great violence. The Indomptable 1<. .: he; 
main-top-niRst, and tlic Fket suffered much damage in its yards and sails. Tlift 
Wind modi-rated, but continued blowing from the same quarter, and I remained 
without being able to make more way, brill contending with adverse Winds to thu 
r.'.l July, when I clocried 'il Sail oi the Enemy. I immediately formed in Line 
' of Battle on the- larboard tack. Admiral Oravina made to the Spanish Squadron 
the Signal to head the Line, and he himself led the Combined Squadrons. The 
weather WHS excessively foggy. We steered towards the Enemy, who steered 
towards us in a long Line, with the apparent intention of hauling their Wind 
upon our Rear, and of placing it between two fires, by tacking before the Wind. 
As soon as I saw them to leeward, I made the Signal for lulling up and going 
about. 

" The fog began to disperse. As soon as my Signal was seen by Admiral 
Ciraviua, he immediately obeyed it with much resolution, and was I'oilowed by all 
the Vessels of the Fleet. As soon as be closed, he engaged the Enemy's Ships, 
which had already began their movement before the Wind, But Hie fog then 
became so thick that it was impossible to see any tiling, iui each Ship could 
scarcely sec the Vessel next to it. 

" The Buttle then began almost along the whole Line. We fired by the light 
of the Enemy's fire almost always without seeing them. It was only at the end 
of the Battle, whin the weather cleared up a little, that I could .see* to leeward 
of the Line a Ship of the Line under Spanish Colours working to windward under 
her courses, her top-sails struck near her were two of ihe Enemy's, one totally 
dismayed ; and the other, a three-decker, with her topmast gone, and much cut 
in her rigging, running both before the Wind. The dismasted Ship appeared in 
great confusion, aud could scarcely keep the St'a with all her Pumps x<';:ig. 

". An excessively thick to 5 < overed liie whole Van and Rear of the Squadron, 
and prevented us from exc-cuiuig any movement. As far as I could see, all the 
advantage of the Combat was with us. 

" The fog did not abate during the remainder of the evening. During the 
ri'cht tin- two S.piadru'.is remained in sight, making Signals to keep together. 
I thought, lumber, I perceived that the Enemy retreated, \s soon as the day- 
broke we saw them much to leeward of us. All the reports received from tlie 
French Vessels were satisfactory j those of Admiral Gr.ivina evinced a firm 
determination to pursue and again attack the Enemy. When the weather after- 
wards cleared up, we did not perceive two Spanish Ships, la Fir me and lo St. 
'Raphael. 

" I ordered a genera! bringing-to, and forming a Line of Battle on the larboard 
tack, bore down upon the En- 

" The Wind abated, the Sea was high, the Enemy bore down, and it was im- 
for me, durii:- :he whole of the day, to engage them in the manner I 
t mid bine wished. 

" I wa. busy all night in keeping the Fleet in order, that I inifhl be ready t 
. rnew the Engagement at day-break. 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PUE5KXT YEAR, 1805. 171 

"" At the first peep of dawn, I made Signal to bear down upon the Enemy, who 
?md taken their position at a great distance ; and endeavoured, by every possible 
press of sail, to avoid renewing the Action. 

" Finding it impossible to force them to a re-engagement, I thought it ay 
duly not to remove any further from the line of my destination, but so to shape 
inv course as to effect, agreeably ro my instructions, a jun:lion with the Squadron 
in Ferrol. I experienced much opposition from contrary Winds at N.E. and 
E.N.E., which during; yesterday continued to blow with the utmost violence. 

" The following is the only accounts I have received of the two Ships which 
are missing from the Spanish Squadron : 

" Captain Cosmao who commanded the Pluto (a French Ship), informed me 
that from the very beginning of the Action the Firrae had lost her main and 
*ni/en masts ; that he had protected her as long as he could keep sight of her, by 
placing himself between her and the Enemy, but that he soon afterwards lost sight 
of her in the fog. 

" As to the St. Raphael, it appears certain that she was not dismasted, 
but that Vessel being a bad saiier, fell to leeward, and we lost sight of her the 
first night, 

" To conclude ; the Fog continued so thick, that I was unable to distinguish the 
Force of the Enemy ; but on the day after the Action I saw fourteen Sail, of which 
three were Three-deckers ; the greater part of them appeared much damaged. If 
it is true, as slated by the Captain of la Didon, who reconnoitred the Enemy 
before the Action, that they had fifteen Sail, it may be presumed that one of them 
liad disappeared in the Actios. 

." In short, my Lord, this all'air has been honourable to the arms of both Pow- 
ers ; and had it not been for the thick fag which continued to favour the move- 
ments and the retreat of the Enemy, he would not have escaped our efforts, nor a 
decisive Action. 

" I am still ignorant of the number of killed and wounded.; but I believe it is 
not considerable. I have to regret Captain de Perrone, of His Majesty'* Ship 
1'Intrepide, who was killed. Captain Ilolland, of FAtlas, has received a wound, 
I shall have the honour to send you immediately more detailed accounts. 

" I entreat vour Excellency to accept my respects. 

" VILLENEUVE." 

From on board His Imperial Majesty's Ship. the Bucentaure, at Sea, 

fhe 2'2d Prairial, (April li.) 
" MY tone, 

" I have the honour to inform you, that on the 19th instant (April 6,) having 
doubled Antigua, I got information that in the N.N.E. was a Convojf of the 
Enemy, consisting of fifteen Sail. 

" l"made Signal for a general Chase, and at night-fal! the whole of the Con- 
TOy was hi my power, which I sent off to Martinique. 

" These Ships, which had come out from Antigua, were all laden with colonial 
produce, and destined for Europe. The Convoy may be valued at five millions 
(French). 

" I entreat your Excellency to accept my respects. 

" YILLEXKUVE." 
F,S. The Didon Frigate has just taken a Lugger of 14 guns, and 49 Men. 

" Icard the Bucentaure, off the Azores, on the 

4th Messidor. 
" MY i.onn, 

" I have the honour to inform your Excellency, that yestrrday morning the 
advanced Frigates discerned two Sad, to which they gave Chase and came up 
with. One was an English Privateer, the Mars, of Liverpool, of 14 guns, and .50 
Men ; the other wa a Spanish ^hip, the Minerva, which had been captured by 
<lu j Privateer, and which he was escorting. The Ship was coming from Lima, 
having been at Sea nearlv five mouths, with a very rich Cargo. Independent of 
490,000 piastres, her Caisju consisted of bark, cocoa, ic. : the whole estimation 
at Ircm five -to .six millions (b'rcucli). The Privateer being much damaged from 



172 JTATAI. HIStORY Of THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805, 

boarding, Captain Laraeillerie, of the Hortense, set it on fire, after taking the 
Crew on board. The Didoti manned the other, and I have her under ivy pro- 
tection. 

I entreat your Excellency to accept my respects. 

" \ ILLENEUVE." 

An order, we understand, lids beeta lately sent to ill the Out-ports some days 
azo, mstni'-iiir^ o:ir Cruisers to detain all American Vessels which have on board 
nut The produce of the United States. This order has been already 
acted upon, and several Ships have been stopped. Th'.' American Consul, it is 
reported, applied to Government yesterday lor an explanation; but we are not 
act|iiHinted with the answer he received. 

It has been ascertained that the American Ships have for a length of time been 
(n the practice of going to the Isle of France, and the French Porte in the West 
Indies, to bring away produce, which they finally carried into French or Dutch 
Ports. Their usual custom was to touch at an American Port, in order to give the 
Cargoes the appearance of being American property; but it is very well known 
that such Cargoes never were landed. It is in consequence of these proceedings 
that the orders above mentioned have been issued. 

The. following miraculous circumstance took place on board His Majesty's Ship 
Leopard, at Dungencsi, on the 29th of July : One of the Carpenter's Crew, when 
down in the Pump Well to sound, while the Ship was pumping out, who was per-< 
teived by two others to have been longer down than necessary, and the light 
extinguished, one of them followed to iind the cause, who also tiid not return* 
iipon which the other attempted, but fortunately finding himself suffocating, and 
the light he had with him pur out by the confined air, returned with the greatest 
difficulty almost senseless, and gave the alarm to Mr, Abraham Preston, the Pur- 
ser, and Mr. L';.;(oi. ; t!;c former of whom, with a commendable spirit and deter- 
mination to save his fellow-creatures, descended, (while the alarm to the whole 
Ship '.vas given by the latter,) and succeeded in raising the head of the first 
apparently lifeless suffer or from under water, and placing it on the keelsale* 
:.;.r-if v.tooncd away in the act: a Man who followed him with a light fell 
down from the Luidi'r like a stone on the lop of the others. The alarm was now 
genera], and every one envious to give his assistance to the relief of his Shipmate. 
Three more entered the Well one after the other, but did not return. It was now 
perceived to be tuul air collected, and the best means thought to get the sufferers 
tip was to tie a rope round one to descend, with another rope, and to hoist them up. 
The Cr:t who went down felt himself so well) that he unlashed himself, and tied 
it up6n another, who was hoisted up ; but when the rope was put again down, he 
,'! gotie with the others. All the scuttles had been opened, and the wind- 
sails by this time had been hoisted, when two more Men descended, and succeeded 
in gelling every one on deck. Of Mr. P. and the two first there appeared but 
little hopes of recovery; but from the attention of Captain Raggot, and Mr. 
Bochan the Surgeon, I am happy to say every one is restored to Ins duty in good 
health and spirits* ' Groat praise is due to Mr. P. 

CAPTURE OF THE DIAMOND ROCK. 
(FRENCH ACCOUNT, rno.M THE MARTINIQUE GAZETTE.) 
The Martinique Gazette of the 14th June, gives a long and detailed account, 
in a report (rum the Chef d'Escadre Boyt-r, Aid-du-Camp to the Capitain- 
General \ illaret Joyeuse, of that mom-brilliant Achievement the Capture of the 
Diamond Rock, 

The report says, that Captain Boycr embarked, on the 9th Prairial, 200 
Troops, and was convoyed by two 74's", a Frigate, and a Brig. On the llth he 
divided tnem into twu Divisions between nine and ten o'clock he effected a 
tiding, much sooner than he expected, under a most heavy fire from the Eng- 
.ish, from the heights of the Rock, the lower part having been abandoned. " The 
fcaLng oi ihc Rock seemed pci-fectly fa>y, and I made my dispositions accord- 
ingly. But the moment we had landed, this illusion ceased. I saw nothing but 
fuse precipices, perpendicular Rock*, H threatening Enemv, whom if was 
to reach, and imurmtmuublc difficulties on all skies. Our Troop* 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 173 

iiifTered severely from a galling vcrtley of musketry, large fragments of the rock, 
cannon hall, and casks filled with stones, which they poured upon us. They 
were entrenched in 5 number of cavities, which Nature had formed at different 
heights, which it was impossible to reach but by ladders 40 feet high. The 
tremendous fire of the Enemy had obliged the Boat; to retreat, and the Ships 
had drifted into the offing, and we remained without support or provisions 4 w 
had no resource but to retreat into two cavities in the Rock, between which the 
English succeeded in cutting oiF all communication. At night the Enemy did not 
at all relax in their defence. I endeavoured to reconnoitre the Rock on all 
sides ; toward* midnight a Boat approached, and landed 60 Grenadiers, with 
provisions-; on the I2lh, in the evening, I determined to summon the Garrison 
to surrender the following morning. In the course of the night we received more 
provisions, &c. &c. and the rest of the Grenadiers of the 32d. On examining the 
Rock, immediately over our cavern, it occurred to me that it could be scaled. J 
sf-nt accordingly for scaling ladders, and desired a Captain and Lieutenant, and 
60 Grenadiers, to prepare for the attempt in the morning. My intention to sum- 
mons the Garrison was of course relinquished, and my plan being formed, I 
ordered all my Men to search every where for an outlet. About nine in the 
morning, a number of them returned to inform me, that they had succeeded in 
climbing up different parts of the Rock. About an hour after, Captain Cortes in- 
forniL-d me, some of his Men had gained a height, which commanded the entrance 
of the great house, and had fastened to the rocks some ropes which they found ; 
but as the Rock was 40 feet high, they did not descend within reach. Part of 
the staircase of the great house was then brought away, which enabled them to 
reach the ropes. But none seemed inclined to ascend until Lieutenant Girandou 
f limbed up the summit of the height with the rapidity of an arrow, and was fol- 
lowed by a number of Grenadiers, Marines* and Soldiers. To assist this Attack 
I caused a number of Men to conceal themselves in the rocks and buildings facing 
the Little Savannah, in order to prevent their supporting their right flank, which 
our Troops had attacked. In the mean time Captain Brunei had climbed up, at 
the head of the Grenadiers* and Captain Cortes overcome every thing he found 
in his way. It was now all over with the Diamond, and we should have had 
possession of it in a few hours, when Lafme arrived with a Flag of Truce, the 
Garrison having thrown out a Signal for Capitulation, which our situation pre- 
vented us from seeing* The firing immediately ceased Articles of Capitulatioo 
were agreed upcn-^-and at sun-rise on the 14th, Captain Maurice descended with 
his Garrison, agreeable to the Articles, filed off in front of our Troops, and laid 
down their Arms and Colours. The number of effective Men amounted to 107. 
We had 50 killed and wounded." 

j|5atal Courts: partial 

PORTSMOUTH, JULY 29. 

LLIA-M MAY, Carpenter of his Majesty's Sloop Sylph, was tried by a 
Court Martial, for desertion, and sentenced to be dismissed from his office 

of Carpenter, and to serve in such other situation as the Commander in Chief shall 

Direct 

The same day, Lieutenant James Cooke, of the Dolphin Store-ship, was tried 
for disobedience of orders, absenting himself from his duty, and endeavouring to 
'.: >te disturbance in the Ship, and prejudicing tie minds of the Officers and Men 
n^.in.-t tlif Commanding Officer. Two of the Charges were p-oved, and he was ad- 
judged to be dismissed from the Dolphin. 

Jit-};/ SJ . Mr. John Lewis, acting Second-Master and Pilot of His Majesty's Gun- 
brig Staunch, for drunkenness and neglect ofduty, in having suffered and assisted 
Mr, John Wood, Sub-Lieutenant of the Brig, to desert whilst a Prisoner at large, 
was sentenced to be dismissed from his office of Second Master and Pilot, to, be 
rendered incapable of ever being employed as an Officer again, and to be impri- 
soned in the Marshalsea for six mouths. 

Aug. 19. A Court Martial was held on Lieutenant W. Smith (2d), for the tos* 
f Me Pigmy Cutter, at Guernsey, by which he was acquitted of all blame. Thf 
l';lot was sentenced to be reprimanded. 



1M VAVAL HISTORY OF fllE PRESENT YEAUj 1S<55. 

promotions snU appointments. 

Lieutenant Nicholson, who brought th- Dispatches from Sir Robert Calder, is 
promoted to the rank of Commander. W. S. Huibcrt, Esq. is appointed Secretary 
to Vice-Admiral Douglas. 

Captain Kempt, A<>ent for Transports at Barbadoes, is promoted to be a Post 
Captain, and appointed to (lie Egyptienne Prison-ship ; the lion. Captaia Colville 
is appointed to command the Sea Feuc-ihles at Margate. Mr. Hawkins is ap- 
pointed Purser of the Indefatigable ; Mr. Young, Purser of the Nemesis ; and 
Mr. Channins, Purser of the Bellona. 

Captain Plampin is appointed to the Powerful ; Captain II. Beazeley, to the. 
Antelope ; Captain Bolton, fo the Fisgard ; Hon. Captain Bouvefie, to 1'Aim- 
able; Captain Pel ly, to the Mercury ; Hon. Captain Woodhouse, to the Intre- 
pid ; the Hon. Captain Dundas, to the Quebec ; and Captain Maurice, who so 
gallantly defended the Diamond Rock, to the Savage Sloop, 

Mr. Bremen is made a Lieutenant, and appointed to the Captain, of 74 guns. 

Sir Robert Barlow is appointed to tlie London, of 98 guns, at Plymouth; 
Captain Conn, to the Victory ; and Captain C. W. Boysj of the Regulus, to the 
Orpheus Frigate, vice Hill, indisposed. 

BIRTHS. 

Aupist 4. At H. Hope's, Esq. Baling, the Lady of Vice-Admiral Sir Charles 
Pole, of a Daughter. 

10. At Gillingham, Kent, the Wife of Captain Roby, of the Royal Navy, of 
two Daughters. 

11. At Waltlmm Lodge, Essex, the Lady of Captain Watkins, of the Royal 
Kavy, of a Sou. 

MARRIAGES. 

July 27. At St. George's, Hanover-square, George Hayncs, Esq. to Mis* 
Clara Frances Barber, second Daughter of the late Captain Robert Barber, of the 
Royal Navy. 

30. At Droitwich, R. B. Vincent, Esq., Captain in the Royal Navy, to Miss 
Phillippa Norbury, youngest Daughter of the late Captain Norbury, of th 
Royal Navy. 

OBITUARY. 

Lately, at Barbadoes, Lieutenant Swiney, of the Prevost ; Lieutenant Howard, 
Of the Centaur ; and Lieutenant Williams, Agent for Transports, at that Island. 

August 8. At Kensington Terrace, Di\ John Snipe, one of the Physicians of 
the Royal Naval Hospital at Plymouth, and late Physician to the Fleet under 
the Command of Lord Viscount Nelson, in the Mediterranean. 

9. At his residence in Percy-street, Colonel Alexander Macdonald, of the 
Royal Marines. 

16. After a linperine iHness, Lieutenant Thomas Jennis, of the Royal Xavy. 

Lately, in the \Vej-t {n.lies, Mr. W. Clark, Midshipman, jo:, of Mr. Clark, of 
Portsmouth. 

th, onthp4th August, Lieutenant John Kaddaway, late of His Ma- 

v.v's bhip Betleropbon, in the Action of the Nile. 

!.*ifly, in tUc West Indies, Lieutenant Robert Payne, of His Majesty's Ship 
Fortunee, who was unfortunately drowned with twelve others, in 'one of the 
BoMi of thj.i Ship, while in Chase of an Enemy's Schooner. 

Lately, at his Brother's House, Guy's-place', near Plymouth, Captain Ctidlipp, 
a Commander in the Royal Navy. 

A few days since, at Portsmouth, Captain Adam Fenruson, of the Royal 
Marine.*-. 

At Surinam, on the i>lst September, 1804, Mr. Henrv Hick?, above twenty 
jcurs a Lieutenant ia the Royal Nuw. 



175 



List 



SHIPS LOST, DESTROYED, CAPTURED, AND RECAPTURED. 

FROM FEBRUARY 8, TO MARCH 1, 130,5. 



PI^HE Vrow TemonlH, Klen, from BouMeaux to Zmb- 
x den, is detained and fcnt in:.> Porfmouth. 

The Ciflador dt Lisboa, from Figuciia to Liverpool, is 
)c!t near Figu-.ir.-i. 

The Commerce, Ritchie, 0-:>m Dn-dee to London, with 
(tones, is funk luar \Vhi;cy. Crc-.v 

The Provirtenc;', Barrack, from tiie Havana to Spain, 
was kit loth o^-bcr o.T Bermuda. 

The Brothers, from Liverpool to New Yc,:!:, 

was flrandeJ i;th December. 

Tie Hawkc, Nico!, of Greenock, from Trinidad to 

U.:d, is fken in t!-.a Wi-.- 
The foUowint; Shins are t.-.kcn !>) tne Tribune Frigate, 

Cjn Solidid, laden with i6;..j c.'fesof fugar, &c. i the Jo- 
hanna, ui; 20-7 c-'.iV ^t'fugar, 1500 quintals , f . 
and fome treauire ; the Amp:;it. ite, with 26,000 skins; 



lir;, anrt fevtral thefts of so.c!en imases. T,.e t.vo twmer 
re arrived at rorrfmouth. 

Tie Ma-y-T, 5=,iii:(h Ship, from St. Sebj^ian's to 
Cadi7, is taken by the Diamond Frigate, and arr.ved at 
Tarb-y. 

L'AimaSIe, Rita, fro-n Havana tu Sr. AnJero, is ar- 
rived at Co'ic, Pri7.e tu the Loire Frigate. 

The African Convoy, which failed from Portfnioutri jSth 
Xovrmber, mot dreadful weather in the Bay, and fo>.:r or 
five fop.irited off the Ccifl of Spa'n; the re.l arrived at 
Madeira i6:h December, and were forced to Sea the next 
day in a GaleJ on the igth they were foen off that island, 
but the weather would not permi; them to jet in. Tl.e 
Reguius arrived difmatted. The Trufty had alfo ar- 
rived. 

The Urania, Thomas, from Lisbon, arrived at Poolc 



damage fuftained by tVe Shipping there the E-Jgell, C.:r- 
ro:i, of Poole, is loft, wits the gretteft part of her cargo ; 
the Nancy, Roe, has ne: wi;h coitf.derabl? tHrtuge ; the 
GooJridge, Landtr, is uuicJi damaged ; the Chatty, 6C.C- 
ger, has K-,J anthur ; and cables ; and tl> Henry, Wanhe!', 
tarried aw.iy htT b.wi'prit. Two or three Brazil Sl.ip- 
were wrecked, and wary other accidents happened. 

The Heroine, Robinlbn, of \Vnrkinfton, trom C rk M 
Limerick, was drr;ve on fiiore the i.jai January, at Lil- 
aniore Mai Bay. 

The wil.um, Ti-O'T.pfo-., from Jamaica to Lcnrfon, 
foundered at Sea i;th lanuary. Captain and M-te 
drowned. 

I-e T: -re, French Ship Letter of Marque (formerly the 
Angela, 'jf Liverpool), from Cayenne to C iiiiz, rrounti:ig 
16 yjns, and 40 Men, v/a taken in December by the 
Fii'tarJ frigate, and arrived at Gibraltar. She had cap- 
hired a Brig from London to St. Micha-1's. 

The Schooner, Jane, from Burton, is loft at Madeira. 

The Speculator, Peirfun, from C.T , is arrived ac Su- 
rinam, after being taken by the jbfephine French Priv..- 
teer, and p!un> erod. 

The Vrow Murgaretha,from Cork to Lisbon, is loft ne'.r 
Vigo. The Crc ta ed. 

The Ship \ ittorii, from New Orleans ;o Europe, is fup- 
pofed to be captured in the Gulf, as the Mite and a Man 
fcelor.ging to h^r were feen on board a French Privateer off 
Cipe Antonio, in December. 

The Punffinu Conception, , fmm the Havana 

to Cadiz, was taken 27th January by the Speedwell Priv.i- 
ttcr, of Guernfey. 

The Helena, Spurs, from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to 
Newcaflle, is on (here a'. Kartlspool. 

The Active, Stokesbary, from Bourdeaux to New Or- 
leans, is taken by the Grand Turk Privatt:er, and carried 
Into Antigua. 

The Jafon, Miller, from Clyde to Antigua, was taken 

itb of November. 
Tbt Cwgut, Stbutz, from Livsrpool to Lisbon, ha: 



foundered at Sea. The Captain and Crew arrived at Lif, 
boa in the Anna Catha, from Galway. 

The O.,ifiphoroui, Tremathufh, of Fcn7ance; Georgs 
and Fra.-icis, Trunr.ick, of ditto ; the Aiirtra, Payment, 
bound to Waterfuri ; anJ Kite, Lacy, of Galway, from 
G:iernfey t.i Bergen, were captured in N-. vembtr, near 
the Land's End, by the General lirignsn Jiivateer of St. 
M.Voe . The George and Fra ,ci, his fi^ice f.>unrt;red. 

TJie Blandfjrd, of P& e, ! . wrecked off Nfwnaven. 

The Jemima, Barber, fr.im Dublin t London, is put 
into Milfur.1 with damag'., hivi;i run foul uf the Jofcp;:, 
V.'a-ker, cfr Padftow. 

The William, Nichols, of Yarmouth, bour.a to L<jnr<oa 
with, c rn, was run down off Lowettoffe 7th February. 
Crew fa/ed. 

The Euieavour, Dickens, fr^m Jamaica to London, ran 
on the Goodwin Sands in ibe mornir.s of the 8th February, 



The Citliariiu Chriftiana, from Hu^ to St. Andero; the 
Erwastn.j, Eut7ov.-, from Nantes to :. Andero, are de- 
tained and f nt kto Wyrrouth. 

Tl.e i-.anisu Ship San Antonio is arrived at Portfmcutfc 
fto;n M>d ira, fent in by the F.gyptienne Fri;ate. 

" :-:.....> , 9ih Jau.--Thri;c Srani.h \ cjels are fer.t 
in her: by his M.-.je^y's Ships 1'H'ureux and Amflia, one 
: -mer.y th^ Duke of York Packe;. A large Spi- 
. fenr in by ;he Amelia." 
pfey, Fenbow, of Sundcrland, has been ukem 
..mt-.cT by the Swift LtiE^erof DiinVJrk. 
The i:r:g iioratio, formerly of Hull, funk off Flambro* 
Head on ^th February. 

The Spartan, Tnomas, from the River Jharte to Bofto.n, 
ii loft on Cape Cod. 
The Ar.i., mv;c , from Quebec to JSarbadoes, is take* 

The Elizal-eth, Smith, from Leghorn to Leith, is loft. 
Crew laved. 

Tne Three Friends, M'Ken7.ie, from Newfoundland to 
Barbadoes, is tatcn anti cairiert into Guadaioup'j. 

The Admiral Pakenham, from Cerk to Domiujca, h^s 
hera taken, retaken, ar.a carried into Antigua. 

The Mary Ann, Spanilh Sh p, from Buenos Ayres, is 
taken by the Polyphemus Man of War, and arrived at 
Plymouth. 

T: c J^ibn, Miilcr, from Ghfgow to Antigua, taken and 
carried into GuadaL.upe, has finoe been detained (under 
Spinilh colours) by His M^jefty's Ship Centaur, and feuE 
Into Aolltu*. 

The Uranie Frigate ha? detained and fent into the 
'. i N S lie Cinno, *rorn tiie r.avana to Barcelona* 
She vas lolc there on t; e i3;h January. 

The Horatio, lat: Lanfon, fn.m Africa to the Weft In- 
dies, has b en captured ne.tr Demerara, and retaken hy 
tne Amfteruum Frigate, an i c.ir-.ied ir.to Demerara. 
y the Privateer. 



The Vi|;ila:.ce, - , fixm WexforJ to Liverpool, and 
the Elizabeth, Harris, frfm 'v.'exfurd to Dubuii, art lutt 
revr \Vexford v.-itv, a : t! r'r Crews. 

T..e Mejiii.Eer, Monc:.cri", nora Buenos Ayres to Lon- 
don, is totally tor, with her Cargo, at Bue rs Ayres. 

The Maria Ann, from 5t. Sebastian's, is taken by the 
Diamond Frigate, and arrived at Plymouth.. 

The Mexicar.a, from Vera Cn.z to St. AnUero, with 
87,001 dollars, 170 to s cf I'utsr, fume inciso, &c. is 
takvn by the Phccnix Privit^-er of Jersey, and carried int 
that IHand. 

Ni e trench Gun Boat's, p?rt of a Fleet of twer.ty-Svs 
Sail, bouna to Eixrt, were taken oSf the Saints, loth Fe- 
bruary, by the Melampus Frigate, ann fome hiied Cut- 
ters, anri are arrived i t Kalmoutn art! Pljmoutn. 

The Eiira, Wathfn, fr-m Marcu .es to Lisbon ; tl.e Cl- 
therina, IKrothea, from Mareni.es :o St. Aaoero; the 
Jeflie, FerrR?, from Bourdeaux tu Cudi?. ; the Adler, from 
Bourdeaux to Lisbon ; the Jong Jarret, Bart, fnm Ma- 
renr.es to ililboa, are de:.. ned aiivl fe: 1 .: into PI, mgiiu . 



176 



LLOYD'S w.vni.vn LIST or smrs LOST, &c. 



The Pichael, Guthric, front Virginia to Cowes, w.-.i 
fpoXe with on Mth October, in lat. j. Innj. *. and h.. 
not fince been heard of. 

The tli'Jbeth, Smith, an.l Sirah, Junes from Dublin 
to London, were frei. off Beact-y HeaJ on ti.e i;th De- 
cember last, and have not fi cc i.f:n heard of. 

The Mayflwrr, M'Lian, from Uumfrles to Liverpool, 
fprunr a leak, ai.rt foundered the end of January oft' Ra- 
. 

The DUna, Brown, fvam Liverpco'. to Africa, i loft in 
Scotland. 

The Nova Alliincr, Vidal, ind Ann, Bourke, failed 
from St. Michael', for London, about the middle of Ds- 
cenr.bcr, nd have not fince been I.eard of. 

The John, Coitcllo, from Siieo to Liverpool, is driven 
on the Rocks in the Ifle of Muti, and funk. 

The Union, Rofer,, fr. ir. Cacrmarthen to Fdlmc'ith ; 
tlie Catherine, Daus, <:<im c e.-'n-nii-.n to Shoreham, 
have bee" captured on* the Land's End, by ?. Br'iR Pnv - 
tw, retaken by thr G innettc Sloop, and arrived at 
Falmouth. T!.'- n a Keren win 

timber, from Cacnnarthen for Plymouth, wii.ch is re- 
taken. 

The Two sifters, Tucker, from Liverpool to Bofton ; 
and the Fxrcrimt-nt, Kennedy, from Liverpool to New 



Yon):, 



1 '].". Uiram, French, from Liverpool to New York, is 
!fo put into Tsfceira with damat*. 

The Duchefs of York, H^ikett, from Carron to London, 
fe put into Holy Ifland, after being nn fhore. 

The Carnbri Ige, Lewes, from Jamaica to 7 
was taken :d February by the Braave Frjnth Privateer, 
fines reuken by the Moucheron Brig, and arrived at cork 
{tic urn. 

The N. S. del Rofario, Spinim Ship of zoo tons, frorn 
River P'.it.i, laden with 70,000 driers, cochineal, coffee, 
fusnr, ar.il logwood, wis captured about 18 .lays fi;ice off 
the Weftern IfiantU by tiie Vraiiic Frigate, and i, arrived 
t Falmouth. 

The S ip George, fuppofed fro/n Briftol to Lo don, 
'vi'ich had been captured, and earned i'M Boulogne) 
.. takm by the Autumn iloop and two Gun Bri 1 ; 
eoedine to Calais, and fent into Dover. The tar^o liad 
b-en landed. 

The Young Francis, Kenny, from Cctte to Embdiin, is 
detained and fent into Malta, and condemned there. 

Thj Arr.irican Brig C,;orKC, Ifiacl'on, from BourJraux 
: .. NJSV York, v.-as loft at the entrance of Bordeaux Ri- 
v-r 2.>th January. 

The Ar.,i, Hin<eman, from Dublin t London, was 
taken hy a French Lugger Privateer ofi" tlie Land's End, 
14:11 February. 

The S.ifa:;, of Appledore, Pitts, Mafter, was found on 
tlie 1 6th Febi . / perfon (-11 board, about 

r.vtlve k-agues to tht (buthward of Cork, by the Argus 
Sloop of War, and v.'as towcd by her near the Hirbour 
Hock, at the en'raace of which flie Ajj.k. 

The Sprie, of Poolc, fV.jm Lisbon, lias fceen taken near 
Bcllly hy tiie Swan PrivatL-tr t .f jr. Ma'.ui-s, retaken by the 
Rriua Frieate, and fent into Fivmomh. 

The Fortune, Oend, li.led -Yo.-r. Plymouth on the 28th 
Jfovembcr, bound to St. Micluti, md had not arrived 
there on the i ith January. 

Hie Journal du Commerce of the loth Ferruarv, f.jte-. 
Unt the Adolphe Pnv.teer ha', takei. i.rfi ,e J.I.- of Wi -ht 
ma'iert !.ip R'-yal Cect|. , of I.on^:. n. ..vitii ten 
Wen, laden with ivory, com, fiour, iron. ;in, dye- 
wood, &c. She was left within tf.rcs lea, ues of the 
Trench C.aft. 

The Spaiiifh Schooner St. Jean Baptifta, from Bilboa, 
is taken by the Succtii Privateer of Jerfev, and arrived at 
I'lyrnouth. 

The Sulterton, Davis, from Chepftow to Plymou'l), has 
ten taken off the Land's End, and retaken, and put into 

The Polacre Juda-, Jodes, with Ro Troops and 12,600 
lar;; the Polaere Maria M*gdajcna ; tlie Ventura 
cho-mer of j eu ns and Co Men j the Virgin del Buen 
onfega, with tiniher ; the Seltic St. Maria dei p-.dua 
with almond, and skins ; the Polacre Virgo Potens, in 
ka ; tne Ship Reyftrius p tir i, wit:, skins cinnamon, 
COM)", and in.oto do.l.r. ; the N. S. del Carmen, with 
bar,:, from R.vtr Plate ; liic Brie San jofcf Conception, in 
' iifj^? D '"' nC P"^ 11 "' '" bar';, logwood, 
inui^, and b.dei ; tl:e Snow Deik, wit 1 , wliai.fcone, &c. 
the Xebec Jof-; . tne Br ;. vi in d ' c ., c, r ! 

men, w, n i^ , ht M if,ricordia, with eocoa, coffee, &c.; 
he PoUcre y,r c in del Carmen, in ballaft, and io 7 s dol- 

Sw.'eSlo u u N " s " M Rofari0 ' in bllla?l i d * v ^ 

lth 68.W JoJarj, ere detained m the Mediterranean b 



The St. Bon Ventura, i< talrcn by the T.ntons FrtrJtr, 
off Cadi--. T. e N. s. do Carmo, Grti-ur, laMn with ini):- 
go, i^ t.ken by t,,e Tribune Fne.'.te ; and the N. s. cj 
Carmen, from Vtra Cruy., is token by the Endeavour, 
M'Miilan, and all of them carried into Lisbon. 

The P^tigy, nanny, from Liverp'w: to Sliso, is lofl off 
the M-Jll of Galioway. Crew favt-d. 

The Ann, Thornton, from London to Limerick, ha? 
been taken by the General Terisr.on frivatccr, retaken by 
tlie Ni. be Frigate, ami fent i to Plymouth. 

Tfe Juftr.iw, lov.annah, ViiRr, fr.im F-ancc to St. An- 
dero, i> detained by the N::iad rrifate ; an.1 th-_- Amiable 
Racha-l, from the Havana, is t..ken hy the Diana of Li- 
VIT, -';, am; b.ith ftnt into Plymouth. 

Hoop, from Bourd^aux to F.mbdcn, with winr, 
is de:ii-ed by the Cruifcr Biij, and (Vnt into Yarmouth. 

The Sea Dos, Harpiii.g, from J'erwicit to t.oni'on, was 
al en off Hasb.o', 24th Fcbiuary, by a French Lugecr 



The Flora, Klynn, from Ellboa to Embden, is dcf.inei 
by the Cockatrice armed biig, and arrived at the Mo- 
therbank. 

Th* Enterprise, from Baltimore, arrived at Briftol, is 
on fliors on the Switch, and full of wat-_T. 

Tlie Caroline Spanilh Ship, frmthe Havana, Prize to 
the Pjlla< Fri; ate j and the i!tr VrecJa, froni Jertl-y to Eii-. 
boa, detained by the Hazard Sloop, arrived at Plymouth 
23d February. 

The Ann, Hernetnan, from publin to London, is 
retaken by the Earl Spencer Cutter, aad arrived a 
Cork. 

The Teitmachus, Newport, from Honduras to Lmjdon, 
wns captured the 25th September hy a French Pnva'cer 
off Capu A.itcnio, and carried into Batabano, near the Ha- 
vana. 

Ey an American Paper of the nth January, the Janu:., 
Waterman, iius been deierted by the Crew , who are urri. . 
at New York. 

The liarzilla, Kurd, from Jamaica to London, wa^ 
taken I3th February near Scilly, by the General Peiipwu 
Privateer, of St. Maloes, moimtint 14 gun, retaken pu 
the -cth, oft" Ufliant, by the Melampus Kii^.a:, 
arrived a: Pivmouth. The Privateer haa takei: 18 QK-*ef 
Veflek during" her Cruife. 

The Spanifh Ship Sacra Fr.milia, from the Hava: 
to Cadiz, ii taken by the Ufanie Frigate, ano an-wcd at 
Ph-rriouth. 

Tiie Span:ih Schoo: *cr N. S. do Carmo, Rcil, from Tf 
neiiffe, arrived at Madeira jid January, Prl23 to the 
Epyptienne Frigate. 

The Ann, Howard, from Liverpool to AfVi'.-?., wa; ftrutk 
wi;h a ht-a-y fea on tiie 17th December, which Hove in 
her hroaflficle, and in abemi 24 I.cnrs C:e funlt. Crew 
faved, and arrived at Madeira. 

The Ecce Home, from River Plr.te ; the Aftcgarafn, 
Rcfifter Ship, from Lima"; the rri:,ce!Ta it la Pa7, from 
Kiver Plate; the Br.lliante, f.um \'t'ra Cru-z, a.llaoes 
with fpecie, cucbineal, ^rc. are rr.ken by the Imivmim 
Fric3te,ard arrived at Portfir.out^. 

Hie Thetis, from New Ortears ti> Chevb ijrg, is detain. 
cd hy rrieThisbc Frig te, aii'i I'.-nr inr.i P.-.rtiir.o'.it! 1 . 

The Spanilh J>rjj Karelia Div.n.:, tivm Vcra Ciua t 
Barc>:lona, with 268,950 dollars, and a valuabie eargo, 
was taken 8th February by the Endeavour, M'Mii;an,"-" 
:, and fince taken poflclfion of by the Eyyptienne 
Frigate, who took out tlie fpecie, and is arrived at fair 
mouth. 

A very valuable Spanifh Ship, from t'-.e River Plate, was 
taken by a jeri'.-y Privateer, retaken by the Gei.er 1 Pe- 
rignon French Privateer, fince taken again by the Nautilus 
Sloop, and arrived at Plymouth 2jd February. 

The Spanifh Ship America, alias El Yiedro. from tr' 
Havana, is taV.cn by the Diana Privateer, of Jeriiy, an i 
arrived a Plymouth. 

A valuable Spar.im Ship called the F-l Metis, Prize to 
the Tribune Frigate, arrived at Portftnouth 26th Fe- 
bruary. 

The Theiis, Orminon, liden \vi-h coals, taken by the 
Profper Privateer of Boulogne, v,as lott near Calais 3d >"c 
bruary. Crew faveU, 

The Janus, Waterman, from Turk^s Ifland n Virginia, 
wi- abandoned at Sea by ihe Crew. 

The Diana, , from New York, it loft at Hon, 

duras. 

The Margaret, M'Kaun, from Lisbon to New York, 
was driven on ihore near New York ;orh J.mnary. 

Tlie SeafloM'er, Staples, from St. Domino to Bbflon,wt 
taken 2Hih December by a Frencn 1-rivateer. 

Tnecato, Updehl, from Jamaica to New York, was 
loft i6th January on Long f.fland. 

The Polly and Peggy, Bealc, from Antigua to Virginia, 
was loft jotli Utcembcr. 



[To be continued.] 




////x ' 



Lhev 5--U>C 

C ^i 



SIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR OF 

JOHN BAZELY, ESQ. 

VICE-ADMIRAL OF THE IlED SQUADKOX. 



" TilE PUREST TREASURE MORTAL TIMES AFFORD, , 

Is SPOTLi.53 REPUTATION." 

SHAKSPEARE. 

Man whose life has been devoted to the Service of his 
Country, is entitled to honourable mention by the Biogra- 
pher, and must be regarded with respect and gratitude by his 
Compatriots at large. 

Admiral Bazely, whose Naval progress we are now about to 
record, possesses a high and just claim to this attention. He 
has passed nearly half a century in performing the honourable 
duties of his Profession ; and though, as a Commander in Chief, 
he has not been favoured with any opportunity of distinguishing 
himself on so extensive a scale as some of his Brother Officers, 
his exertions have been equally laudable. His Services have 
been permanently advantageous both to himself and to his 
Country. 

Mr. Bazely, the Descendant of a respectable Family, was 
born at Dover, in the County of Kent, in March 1740-1. 
Having received an appropriate education, he commenced his 
Naval Career in the month of April 1755. He first embarked, 
under the. auspices of Captain, afterwards Admiral, Sir Joshua 
Rowley*, in the Ambuscade, of 40 guns; a Vessel which, we 
believe, had been put into Commission in consequence of a daily 
apprehended Rupture with France. Mr. Bazely continued in 
the Ambuscade as long as Captain Rowley retained the Com- 
mand of that Ship, which was only till January 1756, he being 
then appointed to the Hampshire, of 50 guns. 

From this period, until April 1760, Mr. Bazely served in 
different Ships, under the Command of the late Sir Edward 

* This Gentleman died at his S?at of Tendring Hall, Suffolk, on the 26th ot 
February 1790, in the 58th year of his age. 

/Sato, Cfjroiu (BoIXIV. A A 



178 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR. 

Hughes *. The nature of the Service in which he was employed 
under Sir Edward, was such as could not fail of making a strong 
impression on his mind. It must, in a considerable degree, 
have increased his knowledge of Naval Tactics ; and must have 
greatly contributed to qualify him for that Rank which he was 
afterwards to hold. 

Mr. Bazely now received a Lieutenant's Commission ; and 
with much credit continued serving, in different Ships, until the 
month of September 1777- At that time an event occurred, 
\\ hich reflected much honour on his professional character, and 
proved highly favourable to his future advancement. It was on 
the 22d of the month, when commanding the Alert Cutter, 
mounting 10 guns, and as many swivels, and carrying sixty Men, 
that he came up with, and brought to Action, an American 
Brig Privateer. The Engagement commenced at half-past 
seven A.M., and was maintained with great gallantry on both 
sides till ten ; when the American, availing herself of the 
disabled state of the Cutter, made sail and attempted to escape. 
But, by the alacrity and promptitude of Lieutenant Bazely, 
the Alert was soon in a condition to pursue the Enemy ; and 
at half-past one P.M. she came up with her, and renewed the 
Action. In half an hour the Enemy struck, and proved to be 
the Lexington, of 16 guns, 1'2 swivels, and eighty-four Men; 
seven of whom were killed, and eleven wounded, in the Action. 
The Alert had fortunately but two Men killed and three 
wounded. 

As a proof of the high estimation in which Lieutenant 
Bazely's conduct was held by the Admiralty, they registered the 
Alert as a Sloop of War, and promoted him to the Rank of Mas- 

* This Officer, whose Memoir we some time since gave, was appointed to the 
Deal Castle, of 24 guns, in the beginning of the year 1756. At the latter end of 
the banie year he commanded the Intrepid, in the Mediterranean, as Successor to 
Captain Young, who was ordered home to England, as an Evidence on the 
approaching Trial of Admiral Byng. In 1757 he was Captain of the Somerset, of 
7* guns, in which Ship he served, in 1758, under Admiral Boscawen, in the 
Expedition against Louisbourg ; and, in 1759, in the memorable Expedition 
agamsit Quebec, under Sir Charles Saunders. Vide NAVAL CmioNictn, Vol. IX. 
page* b7 and 88. 



OF JOIIN BAZELY, ESQ. 179 

ter and Commander. Nor did his Promotion stop here ; for 
in the month of April following (1778) he was advanced to the 
Rank of Post Captain, in the Formidable, of 90 guns, the Flag- 
ship of the late Sir Hugh Palliser, in the Fleet under the Com- 
mand of the late Admiral Keppel. Captain Bazely -was con- 
sequently engaged in the memorable Action off Brest, on the 
C7th of July ; and it is remarkable, that his Ship had a greater 
number of killed and wounded than any other in the Fleet. 
The number of the former was sixteen ; of the latter, forty- 
nine. 

Tins indecisive Engagement, which was subsequently the 
occasion of so much popular discontent, and political animosity, 
is not only too well known to require a description in this 
place, but has already been sufficiently enlarged on in our 
Memoir of Admiral Keppel, the Commander in Chief*. 

After the vexatious Courts Martial, which were holden on 
both of the Admirals, Captain Bazely was removed from the 
Formidable, to the Command of the Pegasus, of 28 guns^]-. 
At the close of the year 1779* Admiral Rodney's Fleet, to which 
the Pegasus was attached, sailed for the Relief of Gibraltar. 
Our Officer, in common with those of the whole Fleet, may 
here be classed among Fortune's favourites; for, on the 8th of 
January 1780, Admiral Rodney fell in with, and, after a Chase 
of a few hours, captured the whole of a Spanish Convoy from 
St. Sebastian, bound to Cadiz, laden with Naval Stores, Pro- 
visions, &.C., under the escort of seven Ships and Vessels of War 
belonging to the Royal Caraccas Company J. 

* l^ide NAVAL CHRONICLE, Vol. VII, page 296. 

i At the Funeral of Sir Hugh Palliser, in 1796, Admiral Bazely was one of the 
Chief Mourners. 

$ The following arc the names and force of the captured Vessels of War : 
Ships, Guns. Men. 

Guipuscaio 64 550 

San Carlos 33 200 

SanRaiael 30 155 

Santa Teresa 28 150 

San Bruno 26 140 

SanFermia 16 #> 

San Vmccnte 10 40 



ISO BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR 

On th Ifith of the same month, the English Fleet being 
about lour leagues from Cape St. Vincent,, t' i , discovered the 
Spanish Fleet, consisting of thirteen Ships*, under the Com- 
mand of Don Juan de Langara. Tins was about one P.M. 
The day being far advanced, the Signal -was madtj for a general 
Chase, the Ships to engage as they came up, and to take the 
Lee Gage to prevent the Enemy from retreating into their own 
Ports. At four P.M. the headmost Ships began to engage ; 
and at forty minutes past, one of the Spanish Ships blew np 
with a dreadful Explosion, while in action with the Bienfaisantf, 
and every soul perished. The Chase and running Fif: 1 'tedj 

during the whole of the night, the we- 1 her being tempesinous, 
with a* heavy Sea. At two, on the following morning, the 
Monarca, which was the headmost of the Enemy's Ships, struck ; 
making, in the whole, seven taken or destroyed. At this Mm> 
the Fleet was considerably entangled on a Lee Shore, and some 
of the Ships had sustained so much injury, that it was with the 
utmost difficulty they were enabled to weather the Shoals off St. 
Lucar. 

After this Action, Captain Bazely sailed with Admiral Rod- 
ney to the Relief of Gibraltar, and thence to the West Indies; 
where he continued, and was present at the Defeat of the French 
Squadron, then commanded by the Count de Guichen +. In 
consequence of this Victory, so glorious to the British Flag, 
Captain Bazely was sent home in the Pegasus, on the honourable 
service of bearing the Admiral's Dispatches. 



a Phrenix 80 

a Monarca 70 

a Princcssa 70 

n Diliiionte 70 



d San Augnstin 70 

d San Genaro 7O 

d San .Tusto 70 

d San Lorenzo 70 

d Santa Gertrude yc 

d Santa Rosalia 26 



b San Julien 70 

f> San Eu^enio 70 

c San Domingo 70 

a Taken and sent to England. 

^ Taken, but were afterwards run ashore, and lost near Cadiz. 

p Blown up in the Action. 

d Escaped into Ferrol or Cadiz. 

+ Captain, afterwards Admiral, Macbride. 
$ Vide NAVAL CHRONICLE, Vol. I, page 377. 



OF JOHN' EAZELY, KSQ. . 181 

Shortly after his arrival in England, he was removed from the 
Pegasus, aud appointed to succeed the late Captain Pownal in 
the Command of the Apollo Frigate. After a short Cruise, in 
which nothing of importance occurred, the Apollo being found 
in a defective state was paid off, and Captain Bazely was 
appointed to the Amphion, of 52 guns, in which he continued 
serving, in America, during the remainder of the War. On this 
Station his exertions proved highly advantageous. It was on the 
10th of September 1781, that, having a small Squadron under 
his Command, in conjunction with General Arnold, he com- 
pletely destroyed the Town of New London, together with 
several Magazines full of Stores, and all the Vessels that were 
in the Harbour. On this occasion, tae Commander in Chief^ 
in his public orders, paid the following handsome compliment 
to our Officer : 

The Commamler in Chief has likewise the greatest pleasure in 
taking this public occasion of signifying to the Army how much 
they are indebted to the great humanity of Captain Bazely, of 
His Majesty's Ship Aciphion, to whose very friendly and generous 
assistance inarsy of tiwi wounded Officers and Men are most pro- 
bably indebted for thoi'r lives. 

FRED. MACKENZIE, D.A. Gen. 

On the return of Peace, Captain Bazely was appointed to the 
Command of the Alfred, of 74 guns, a Guard-ship stationed at 
Chatham. In this Ship also, at the commencement of last War, 
he was for some time employed in active Service on the Home 
Station ; and had the honour of serving under the late Lord 
Howe in the glorious and ever-memorable Engagement of the 
1st of June 1794. For his exertions on that day, Captain 
Bazely, in common with the other Officers of the Fleet, received 
His Majesty's 'public approbation, and the Thanks of both 
Houses of Parliament. 

The Alfred being paid off, lie was appointed to the Blenheim, 
of 98 guns; and, in February 1795, he sailed with the Fleet 
under the Command of Lord Howe, to escort the East and 
West India and other Convoys out of the Channel. He after- 
wards proceeded to cruise off Brest, and in the Bay; and 



J82 KAVAL ANECDOTES, 

fubscquently joined the Fleet under Admiral Lord Hotham, in 
the Mediterranean. He was in the last Action, during his 
lordship's Command on that Station, after the arrival of the 
Fleet at St. Fiorenzo Bay, in the month of July *. 

On the 1st of June, in the same year, Captain Bazely r s 
Services were rewarded by a Flag Promotion, constituting 
kirn Hear- Admiral of the White Squadron. 

In 1796, during the absence of Admiral Peyton, he held a 
temporary Command in the Downs ; and, some time afterwards, 
was employed m a similar manner at the Nore, on account of 
Admiral Lutwidge's absence from that Station. 

Excepting the above, Admiral JBazely has not been upon 
Service since he received his Flag. By subsequent Promotions^ 
fcowever, he has been' honoured with the Rank which he now 
enjoys; that of Vice-Admiral of the Red Squadron. 

From the perusal of the preceding brief Memoir, which we 
should have been happy to extend, had we been in possession of 
sufficient materials, it is evident, as we have before observed, 
that though its deserving Subject has not been blessed with so 
many favourable opportunities of displaying his skill and 
prowess as some of his brave Contemporaries, his Services have 
been of an active and advantageous nature, and claim for him the 
gratitude of his Countrymen. 



NAVAL ANECDOTES, 
COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &c, 

NANTES JN CURCITE VASTO. 

SIR ROBERT CALDER. 

IR Robert Calder, Bart., was born July 2, 1745; knighted in 
17<>7 ; and created a Daronet August 22, 1798. lie is 
descended from Sir Thomas Calder, of Myirton, in Morayshire, 
whose eldest Son, Sir James, married Alice, Daughter of Robert 
Hughes, Esq., Rear- Admiral of the Red, one of whose Sons wa* 
lost in the Namur Man of War, in the East Indies ; and whose 
second Son was Henry of Parkhurst, who was Major-General and 

* Vide NAVAL CII.IOSICLE, Vol. IX, page '355. 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 183 



Lieutenant-Governor of Gibraltar, and Colonel of the 
Regiment of Foot, who intermarried with Louisa.. Daughter of 
Henry Osborne, Esq., Admiral of the White, by whom he had a 
Daughter, who was Wife to Robert Iloddam, Esq., Admiral of the 
Royal Navy. Such is the Ancestry of the present gallant Admiral, 
who achieved the Victory of the 22d July, over the combined 
Fleets of France and Spain. He married May 14, 1779, Amelia, 
only Daughter of John Mitchell, Esq., of Bayfield, in No rial L, 
late M.P. for Boston, in Lincolnshire. 

SIR SIDNEY SMITH'S NAUTICAL INVENTIONS 

SIR SIDNEY SMITH has lately entertained the Inhabitants 
residing at the water side with a new kind of Nautical Exhibition. 
Some time since Sir Sidney constructed the Model of a Vessel in- 
tended 'o convey large bodies of Troops, without noise or confusion, 
in shallow water, under the Enemy's Batteries. The first experiment 
took place on the morning of the 23d of August, about ten o'clock, 
when Sir Sidney, a Naval Lieutenant, and six Men, independenllj 
of four others M'ho were stationed at the oars, got on board the Ves- 
sel, proceeded up to Chelsea, and from thence sailed down the Ri-ver 
to Greenwich. The form of this Raft resembles two Wherries laid 
alongside, but separated by means of a platform 21 feet wide, and 
22 feet long, to which the Wherries are attached. Eight sprit-sails 
carry the Vessel. These sails are so constructed, as to form, 
when necessary, a complete Tent, under which the regulating 
Officer and Men are stationed. The whole contrivance appear* 
very ingenious, and the most sanguine expectations are formed of 
its ultimate success. 

IMPREGNABLE BATTERY. 

A MR. GILLESPIE, a Native of Scotland, lias completed the 
Model of a moveable and impregnable Castle or Battery, imper- 
vious to shot or bombs, intended to guard the Coasts of these 
Kingdoms, provided with a cannon and carriage, calculated to 
take a sure aim at any object that can be easily discerned from 
within, while the Enemy cannot discover the cause of the annoy, 
ance. The Invention now proposed will be found equally ser- 
viceable in Floating Batteries. Its machinery is adapted to turn, 
the most ponderous mortars or guns with the greatest ease, accor- 
ding to the position of the Enemy. It can be managed with five 
Men only, who remain in perfect safety in the interior part. It is 
so constructed, that it resists or turns off the most destructive 



JJ4 VAYAL ANECDOTES, 

missiles used in War, while the few Men employed in this For- 
tress are cap.'; 1 of defeating the most numerous and powertui 
Enemy. Alter a very minute inspection by several Naval and 
Military Gentlemen, it is their unanimous opinion that it would 
answer the end proposed. 

SWIFT SAILING. 

THE following is an Extract from the Journal of the Lieutenant 
of His Majesty's Ship la Decade, during a Voyage performed with 
a celerity unexampled in our Naval Annals, only two months having 
elapsed between, the departure of the Ship from Lagos Bay with 
Lord Nelson's Fleet, and her arrival in the Tagus with his Lord- 
ship's Dispatches: 

" May 12th, arrived in Lago ( s Bay, found several Sail of Vic- 
tuallers at anchor there, and completed the Fleet in Stores and 
Provisions for five months out oi' them. 

13th Sailed in the evening, spoke the Queen and Dragon with 
an Expedition under Convoy, bound to Gibraltar the Royal 
Sovereign being leaky parted company. We made sail to the. 
south-west. 

14th Lord Nelson made the Telegraph Signal to rendezvous at 
Barbadoes. 

15th Saw Madeira, having carried a fair Wind into the Trades. 

June 4th Arrived in Carlisle Bay, Biarbadocs ; found there the 

Northumberland and the Spartiate. In the night embarked the 

loth and 9Cth Regiments, 6'th West India Regiment, and a Party 

of Artillery. 

5th Made sail from Carlisle Bay for Tobago, having heard that 
the Enemy had been seen to the southward of Martinique. 

Cth Hove-to off Tobago, communicated with the Shore, and 
found that they knew nothing of the Enemy. Made sail for 
Trinidad. In the evening saw several Sail, took them for the 
Enemy got all clear for Actioa, and formed the Line, &c. ; but 
were much disappointed at finding them English Merchant Ships. 

7th In the evening anchored in the Bocca del Draco, Tri- 
nidad ; finding the Enemy were not there, made all sail to the 
northward. 

12th Communicated with Montserat ; the Enemy had not 
been there. 

13th Anchored at St. John's, Antigua: the Enemy had been 
off that Island on the Oth. Landed all the Troops which we had 
taken on board. 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTION'S, &C. 185 

14th Sailed, leaving behind the Northumberland; spoke a 
Schooner, whose Convoy of fifteen Sail had teen captured by the 
Enemy off Barbadoes. 

19th Parted company with the .Fleet, having received Dis- 
patches for Lisbon. 

July 19th Anchored in Belsin Roads, from whence I writs 
to you. 

. The Decade (not having been allowed to evade the Quaran- 
tine of five days) sailed on the llth July with Dispatches for 
Cadiz, having only ten days' water on board. The Crew had 
eaten nothing but Ship's provisions for six weeks." 

FLAMBOROUGH-HEAD LIGHT. 

THE numerous Shipwrecks which have happened on the Rocks 
at Flamboroiigh Head, and the imminent danger to which Vessels 
are sometimes exposed in passing that Promontory, in the dark- 
ness of the night, imperiously demand the immediate erection of a 
light for the prevention of such fatal accidents and danger in. 
future. The proposal of a plan of such essential importance to 
the safety of Ships employed in the Coasting and Baltic Trades, 
might be supposed to operate with such powerful conviction on, 
those who are interested, as to engage their unanimous approba- 
tion and vigorous support; but it is a lamentable consideration, 
that the utility of any improvement of a public nature is not always 
a sufficient stimulant to exertion, nor an efficacious motive to 
ensure success. The minds of intelligent persons are sometimes so 
obscured-by prejudice, and influenced by jealousy, as to be invin- 
cible even by the most lucid arguments and incontrovertible facts. 
As a proof of the truth of this assertion, it may be proper to men- 
tion a case in point. The utility and necessity of proper lights in 
the dangerous Passages of Ilazebrough Gat, the King's Channel, 
and the Goodwin Sands, were clearly evident for a long series of 
years before a plan for that purpose was carried into execution. 
In the midst of Storms and Tempests, in the midst of the awful 
darkness of many a Winter's night, the unhappy Mariner was com- 
pelled to explore his way in those dangerous Channels, without 
the proper guide of a friendly light, when the utmost exertions of 
human .skill were frequently insufficient for his safety. How nuuiy 
valuable lives, and what an immense amount of property, might 
have been preserved, had those necessary lights been sooner 
establi>hed! Considerations of this serious nature are the sole 
inducement for the proposal of the erection of a light on 
), ?H>ron. Qol.XIV, u u 



185 N.VVAC. ANECDOTES, 

borough Head; and it is hoped and trusted that the Ship Owners, 
Merchants, Underwriters, &c., in the Northern Ports, will unite 
in a Petition to the Elder Brethren of the Trinity House, Dt-ptford 
Strond, to promote the success of a plan of such evident public 
utility. Should it be objected that the proximity of the Spurn light* 
might be the occasion of some dangerous mistake, it may be an- 
swered, that this will be easily obviated by making the Flamborough 
Head Lights to revolve, which would be a sufficient distinction to 
prevent the occurrenca of any errors of that nature. 

SHARK ON THE COAST OF HOLDERNESS. 
A LARGE Shark having frequently made his appearance at 
various places on the Coast of Holderness, much to the alarm of 
several of the Inhabitants, a Boat with five or six Men was on. 
Sunday se'nnight sent off from Aldfaorough to endeavour to destroy 
it. The Monster, on observing the People on board, made 
towards them with the greatest velocity, and commenced a most 
ferocious attack, during which it received a deep stab from a hay- 
fork with which one of the Party was armed. On finding itself 
wounded, it retreated to a distance, and after a few minutes had 
elapsed, returned to the attack with redoubled fury, springing at 
the People, and striking at the Boat in a most astonishing manner, 
placing it in the most imminent danger of upsetting. After a short 
hut severe rencontre, in which it received several wounds, some of 
which were supposed mortal, the Party succeeded in forcing it to 
retreat to a distance, where it was observed to roll about in all the 
agony of pain, when it suddenly disappeared, and lias not since 
been seen. 

CAPTAIN MUDGE. 

THE following Letter was written by Captain Mudge, to 
Major Fletcher, his Brother-in-law : 

French Natitmal Ship la. Topaze, 10th Ang. 1805 

On my way from Jamaica to Barbadoes, I fell in with Mon% 
Bcandin's Squadron, cruising for our homeward-bound Convoy: 
I fought the Ship till she was cut to pieces, and then sunk. I 
cannot say what our Joss is, as there have been no returns, the Crew 
being all divided between the two Frigates and two Corvettes 
which engaged us. Twenty-one fell nobly within my own know, 
ledge -I ain afraid many more. I thank God, the Blanche never 
tsore French Colours. Lieutenant Thomas Peebles, of the Ma. 
rines, was the only Officer materially wounded; his legs were 
broken by a splinter. During the severe Contest the Squadron. 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 187 

was never without hail. I hare the consolation of know ing they 
were so much damaged as to spoil their Cruise : they all stood to 
the northward as soon as repaired, leaving the Passage open to th 
Convoy under a 20-gun Ship. 

TALL, A SCOTCH PIRATE. 

IX the year 1781 a daring' attempt was made to lay the Town 
of Arbroath under Contribution, by a person of the name of Fall, 
a Native of Scotland, who then commanded a French Privateer, 
and committed various depredations on the Northern Trading 
Vessels. His Vessel he had named the Fearnought; and wishing, 
doubtless, to persuade the world that he also merited that appel- 
lation, he conceived the design of extorting a sum of money from 
the terrors of the people. With this view he boldly anchored 
before the Town. In an ill- written letter, impudently sent on 
Shore by a Flag of Truce, he demanded that the principal Magis- 
trates should be delivered up as Hostages, till a certain sum, which 
he required, should be paid ; on pain of having the Town destroyed, 
and the Inhabitants put to death. His threats were bold, and the 
fears of many were great; for at that time they were almost totally 
defenceless, having no guns to protect their Harbour, nor any 
Military Force stationed nearer to them than Montrose. An 
evasive answer was, however, sent to his first and second letters, 
which enabled them to gain a little time to collect a few old rusty 
arms ; and, in the interim, a Detachment of Troops arriving to 
their relief from Montrose, the doughty Hero was informed that 
they neither feared his menaces nor would comply with his demands. 
This so enraged him, that he began to fire upon the ToAvn ; but 
little damage ensued in consequence. Finding a third epistle 
treated with the same contempt, his courage began to fail ; and, 
after some farther feeble efforts to obtain his ends, he thought pro- 
per to sheer off, and leave the good people of Arbroath in peace- 
able enjoyment of their property. The Harbour is now defended 
by a Battery, erected at the expense of the Town, sufficient to 
protect it in future from the attempts of such Piratical Invaders. 

REMARKABLE RIVERS, LAKES, &C. IN ICELAND. 

(From OLAFSEX and POVELSEN'S Travels in Iceland.) 

IN the northern quarter there is a much greater number of 
Rivers and Lakes of fresh water than in the western part, and 
they all aiford abundance of fine Salmon and Trout. There is a 
Lake in the Canton of Olafsfiord, in the District of Vadla, which 



188 NAVAL ANECDOTES, 

is well worthy of attention, from the remarkable circumstance that 
a variety of Sea Fish, and particularly the Cod, are naturalized 
and abound in it. In VV infer the Inhabitants break holes in the 
ice, through which they pass their lines, and catch these Fish by 
the hook. In the Spring it abounds in Trout: and the Sea Fish 
taken in it have a most exquisite taste, very different from that 
of the same species caught in the Sea ; from which however the 
Lake is only separated by a bind of jettee, formed of the mud and 
surf of the Shore, and heaped together by the impetuosity of the 
waves. The River that descends into the Lake has formed a 
narrow passage over this Bank into the Sea. The Lake is about a 
Danish League in length; and it is very evident that it has been 
separated from the Sea by the effect of an Earthquake, or subter- 
raneous fires; that the same revolution iirst formed the Bank, and 
enclosed in it the species of Sea Fish which it now contains; and 
that the River which empties itself into it, by gradually depriving 
the first water of its saline quality, naturalized the Fish that it 
contained, which afterwards bred in it. 

WHALE HUNTING IN ICELAND. 

(From the same.) 

WHALES formerly frequented the western Coast of Iceland in 
great numbers ; but from the seventeenth to the eighteenth cen- 
tury, the Spanish and French Fishers pursued them so eagerly, 
. that they are partly destroyed, and the rest have emigrated towards 
the north. ' 

In some parts of Iceland they often hunt the Whales in such a 
manner as to drive them on Shore, -where they are killed. The 
flesh of this Fish has by no means a disagreeable taste, but is very 
similar to beef; and the young -Whales of such species as are good 
food, have even a very delicate flavour. The fat, after being salted 
down, is used for the same purposes as lard ; to which it is pre- 
ferable, both in point of taste, and because it will keep for four or 
five years. 

There is a species of Whale at which the Icelanders are mucli 
alarmed on its approaching their Coast: they call it the lllhvcle, 
or ill-disposed WLale; and assert that this species is so voracious, 
that it takes whole Boats with their Crews into its mouth, destroys 
the Vessels, and swallows the Men alive. These Whales are said to 
be so greedy after human flesh, that when they have caught a Man 
in any particular spot, they will wait there a whole year in the 
hope of devouring another. Hence the Fishermen take great pre- 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIOKS, &C. 189 

caution to avoid those parts in which they recognise this species, 
and do not return to them. The greater number of those met 
with in the open Sea, belong to that just described; and the 
ancient laws of Iceland, .particularly the ecclesiastical laws, forbid 
the eating of them: the species appears to be the Unicornu 
Marinum. This Fish is seldom seen near Iceland, but its valuable 
horn is often found on the Coast. 

Those Whales which are good food, viz. such as have pieces 
of horn instead of teeth, and those with the venter plicutus, or 
"Yd bJh , are now tolerably well known; because the Fishers 
do not care for these species. \Vith respect to the Whales with 
teeth, or those of prey, it is certain that there are many species in. 
the iNortiirirn Seas, which are still unknown to foreign Naturalists, 
because they are not caught by the Whale Fishers ; and because, 
even il the,e wished to take them, they could not succeed, on 
account of their extreme agility. The Icelanders, hoM'ever, are 
very elaborate in their description of these Fish ; but ali their 
accounts are so confused and vague, that they cannot be relied on. 

NATURAL HISTORY OF SEALS. 

(From the same,) 

THE Inhabitants of Iceland relate many anecdotes of the Seals, 
or Sea Dogs, particularly of that species called the Landselur. 
They say that these animals are very observant; and when they 
perceive any new object on the Land, they approach towards it; 
which has suggested to the Inhabitants the idea of catching them 
in two ways. They spread nets in the Straits and Bays through 
which the Seals pass ; and then on a dark evening they make a fire 
on the Coast with shavings, horn, and other combustible substan- 
ces, that exhale a strong smell : the Seal, attracted by the scent, 
swims towards the fire, and is taken in the nets. Sometimes these 
animals are met with at a considerable distance up the Country, 
being attracted in a dark night by the common light in a house. 
They are easily tamed : and the people p'it them, when young, 
into poiids, and feed them daily ; by which they become as trac- 
table as a common dog, run about the yard, and follow the Master 
of the house or any one else who may call them by their name. 
In some years the Seal is almost starved. When, for instance, the 
Winter is severe, Fish and Insects are scarce, and the sea-weed by 
which they are nourished is carried off by the ice and breakers : 
they are then found so lean and weak, that it is impossible for them 
to escape, and they are easily taken ; their fat is consequently 



NAVAt ANECDOTES, 

wasted, and nothing i found in their stomachs but a few marine 
plants and stones. 

REMARKABLE INSTANCES OF SOLITARY SECLUSION. 

(From TUBHBCLL'S Voyage round the World.) 

ONE of the Prisoners belonging to the Out-gangs at Norfolk 
Island, New South Wales, being sent into Camp on Saturday, to 
draw the weekly allowance of provision for his Mess, fell unfor- 
tunately into the company of a Party of Convicts, who were playing 
cards for their allowance, a thing very frequent amongst them. 
With as Kttle resolution as his superiors in similar situations, after 
being a while a looker-on, he at length suffered himself to be per- 
suaded to take a hand ; and in the event, lost not only his own 
portion, but that of the whole Mess. Being a Man of a timid 
nature, his misfortune overcame Ins reason, and conceiving his 
situation amongst his Messmates insupportable, he formed and 
executed the extravagant resolution of absconding into the glens. 

Every possible inquiry was now made after him; it was known 
that he had drawn the allowance of his Mess, and almost in 
the same moment discovered that he had lost it at play : search* 
after search was made to no purpose. But as it was impos- 
sible that he could subsist without occasionally marauding, it 
was believed that he must shortly be taken in his predatory 
excursions. These expectations were in vain ; for the fellovr 
managed his business with such dexterity, keeping closely within 
his retreat during the day, and marauding for his subsistence only 
by night, that in despite of the narrow compass of the Island, he 
eluded all search. His nocturnal depredations were solely confined 
to the supply of his necessities ; Indian corn, potatoes, pumkins, 
and melons. He seldom visited the same place a second time ; 
but shifting from place to place, always contrived to make his 
escape before the theft was discovered, or the depredator sus- 
pected. In vain was a reward offered for his apprehension, and 
year after year every possible search instituted; at times it was 
considered that he was dead, till the revival of the old trade proved 
that the dexterous and invisible thief still existed. 

In the pursuit of him, his Pursuers have often been so near him, 
that he has not unfrequently heard their wishes that they might be 
so fortunate as to fall in with him. The reward being promised 
in spirits, a temptation to which many would have sacrificed their 
Brother, excited almost the whole Island to join in the pursuit; 
and even those whose respectability set them above any pecuniary 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTION'S, &C. I9i 

compensation, were animated with a desire of hunting in so 
extraordinary a chase. These circumstances concurred to aggra. 
vate the terror of the unhappy fugitive, as from his repeated depre- 
dations he indulged no hope of pardon. 

Nothing of this kind, however, was intended; it was humanely 
thought that he had already sustained sufficient punishment for his 
original crime, and that his subsequent depredations, being solely 
confined to necessary food, were venial, and rendered him a subject 
rather of pity thaa of criminal infliction. Of these resolutions, 
however, he knew nothing, and therefore his terror continued. 

Chance, however, at length accomplished what had baffled every 
fixed design. One morning about break of day, a Man going to 
his labour observed a fellow hastily crossing the road; he wair 
instantly struck with the idea that this must be the Man, the object 
of such general pursuit. Animated with this belief, he exerted his 
utmost efforts to seize him, and, after a vigorous opposition on the 
part of the poor fugitive, finally succeeded in his design. It was 
to no purpose to assure the affrighted wretch that his life was safe, 
and that his apprehension was only sought to relieve him from a 
life more suited to a beast than a human creature. 

The news of this apprehension flew through the Island, and 
every one was more curious than another to gain a sight of this 
phtenomenon, who for upwards of five years had so effectually 
secluded himself from all human society. Upon being brought into 
the Camp, and the presence of the Governor, never did condemned 
Malefactor feel more acutely; he appeared to imagine that the 
moment of his execution approached, and, trembling in every joint, 
seemed to turn his eyes in search of the Executioner. His person 
was such as may well be conceived from his long seclusion from 
human society ; his beard had never been shaved from the moment 
of his first disappearance; he was clothed in some rags he had 
picked up by the way in some of his nocturnal peregrinations, 
and even his own language was at first unutterable and unintel- 
ligible by him. 

After some previous questions, as to what had induced him to 
form such a resolution, and by what means he had so long sub- 
sisted, the Governor gave him his pardon, and restored him to 
society, of which he afterwards became a very useful member. 

Upon relating this circumstance to the Captain, he informed me 
of a similar instance which had fallen within his own observation, 
as he re turned from his Voyage to the north-west. In order to 
recruit his stock of fresh water, he had been compelled to stop at 



J92 NATAL ANECDOTES, 

one of those solitary Islands with which the surface of the South 
Sea is eve. y where studded, and not one half of which, however 
fertile or beautiful, have any other Inhabitants than th usual 
marine b '>. 

Alter t!: : watering was completed, which occupied them two 
days, the Boat was dispatched to ar.otiier part -of the Island, 
abounding in the cocoa-nut and caMvjj-'f-tuie, articles of which 
they WLTO equally in want. The Party hid no sooner landed, 
than scornin., the ordinary method of gathering the fruit, they took 
the much snorter way of cutting down the tr MS. They were all 
in the usual spirits of Men v, ho touch at Lar.u after the long con- 
finement of a Sea Voyage ; a period of limo, perhaps, in which the 
natural spirits reach their highest degree of elovation. 

Their mirth, however, had not long continued when it was 
interrupted, and converted into terror, by a most hideous noise. 
The whole Party were aghast with terror, in the expectation that 
some Land or Sea Monster, to which their horror gave a suitable 
form and magnitude, should rush amongst them. Sonic were for 
leaving, the Island, and betaking themselves to the Boat ; whilst 
others, with stouter courage, recommended silence, till they should 
listen more attentively. 

The sound approached, exclaiming to them in horrid exclama- 
tions, and good English as they thought, to desist. The whole 
Party were jiow panick -struck ; they were now persuaded it could 
be nothing but a supernatural lieing warning tlioni from his sacred 
domain, and that instant death, or sortie h:>r, nnent, would 

attend their disobedience. It must be confessed, indeed, that an 
occurrence like this was too much -for the courage of a Party of 
English Sailors, who are no less proverbially Cowards in all 
encounters with Spirits, than they are unassailable by any emoiion 
in the presence of an Enemy. A Council of War was accordingly 
held upon the spot, and after some pros and cons it was finally 
agreed to stand by each other, and not to take to their heels before 
the Enemy appeared. 

The Spectre at length advanced, a Savage in appearance; he 
addressed them in good English, reproaching them for their un- 
provoked trespass on his premises. The Party were at length 
convinced that their Monster was no other than a Man; who, 
according to his o\vn account, and conjectural reckoning, had been 
left on the Island by a Ship about four months' preceding. The 
will readily conclude he had not received this punishment 
tor his good behaviour. His beard had never been shaved sine* 



COMMERCIAL HIXTS, HTCOLtKCTIONS, &C. 11; 3 

the iirt moment of his landing, and had he racked his invention to 
add to the horror of his appearance, he could have made no 
addition. His raiment was all in rags, and his He>h as lilfhy as a 
miner who had never appeared above the surface of his mother- 
earth. 

The first inquiry was, of course, how he came to be left on the 
Island with every probability of perishing ? a. question to which he 
could return no very satisfactory answer. The noxt ques f ion was 
as to his m->de of Jiving, to which he replied somewhat more 
intelligibly, ihat the principal articles of his subsistence were the 
cocoa-nut, fish, and land and sea-crab; that one time he had the 
good fortune to kill a v>ild hog, but for want of salt to preserve it, 
he could make it last but two days. 

Alter some further intercourse, some of the Party accompTnied 
him to what lie called his hous", which was built in a particular 
shape, three posts being sunk into the ground, and inclined 
towards each other, so as to form a complete half of a regular 
bisected cone. The roof was doubly and trebly matted over with the 
leaves and smaller branches of the cocoa-nut tree ; but the house 
altogether app -ar-'d more like a dog-kennel than a suitable abode 
for a hun^an being. The household furniture indeed in every 
respect corresponded with the dwelling, consisting of a something 
which was perhaps once a trunk ; a flock bed as dirty as if in the 
course of trade it had passed through all the cellars of Rag-fair; an 
a:xe, a pocket knife, a Butcher's steel, and four guu flints. In this 
situation, four hundred miles from any human being, and an almost 
immeasurable distance from his native Country, this fellow seemed 
so contented with his condition, that he appeared to have no wish 
to depart; and the first proposal, that he should accompany them 
to the Ship seems to have proceeded from our Men. 

When the proposal was made to him, he paused for some time, 
and at length made a demand of wages, which, as expressive of his 
inditference, would doubtless have justified them in leaving him to 
his- fate. At length, however, he suffered himself to be persuaded, 
but still seemed to consider the convenience mutual, or rather that 
we were the Party obliged. 

They could never procure from him any satisfactory account as 
to the cause of his being left on the Island, but they never enter- 
tained any doubt that it was no slight crime which could provoke 
his Captain and his Comrades to such an exemplary punishment. 
Indeed his subsequent conduct was such as to justify this conjec- 
ture ; for instead of any gratitude to his deliverers, he was found 

. et&ron. Otol.XIV. c c 



104 NAVAL ANECDOTIC, 

to be such a mover of sedition amongst the Ship's Company,, that 
for the prescrvatiou of good order in the Ship, it was thought 
prudent to leave him at Port Jackson. 

THE VICE-ADMIRALTY COURT, AT SIDNEY. IN vi v 
SOUTH WALKS. 

( From tl'.e ratae.) 

THE Vice-Admiralty Court, by the Patent, is to consist of the 
Judge and twelve sufficient Members, Planters, Merchants, and 
Seafarin ' Persons; but should the circumstances not admit of this 
number, four and the Judge shall be deemed competent. This 
Court has jurisdiction over all felonies, piracies, and misdemean- 
ors committed on the High Seas or Harbours within the limits of 
the Government of New South Wales. 

CONSIDERATIONS ON THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF THE 
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE AND THE ISLAND OF ST. HELENA. 

(From the " Description of the Island nj' Si. Ildcnr..") 
ST. HELENA, which is so valuable to the East India Company, 
as a commodious Station for the refreshment of their Fleets, 
derives yet an additional importance from the cession of the Cape 
of Good Hope, and from there being no other Station at which our 
Indbmen can conveniently touch, for a supply of Vater and fresh 
provisions. The Cape, which is situated in a healthy and prolific 
climate, and commands a vast tract of Country, capable of yielding 
all the necessaries and conveniences of life, with most of which it 
already abounds, is unquestionably far more valuable with respect 
to its various and independent resources, than a small barren 
Island, which produces no corn and very little wood. Vet, as a 
Station for our Indiamen, the Cape has many inconvenie. 
arising from the position of its Lands, and the general course of 
the Winds which prevail in these latitudes. To make it a place of 
ii portanee to this Country, whether as a Barrier to our East 
India Territories, or as a Port from which to direct our Attacks 
against the Colonial Possessions of other Powers, great sums must 
necessarily be expended in its improvement, and in the maintenance 
ofla/^e and adequate Garrisons. As this could only have been 
done at an expense disproportioned to any real advantage v/t- could 
at last derive from its possession, it was better to abandon this 
object altogether. In our hands, its principal advantage would 
havt been of a negative kind, by keeping others out of it; and 
particularly by excluding an ambitious and enterprising people, 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RKCOLLECTION3, &C. 105 

who from such a Port may harrass our Trade, and at some future 
peiiod equip Armaments against our Eastern Dominions. 

St. Helena, which may be maintained at an expense compara- 
tively so inconsiderable, is in its nature more compact and defen- 
sible ; being only in a few points accessible to the assaults of aa 
Enemy, and those points already fortified, and capable of being 
made impregnable by some additional works. An Enemy could 
not easily land here by surprise. 1'or there are Signals so placed all 
over the Island, as to give instant notice of the approach of Vessels 
to any part of the Coast. Here too there are means of annoying 
an Enemy, which might prove more potent and destructive in their 
effects than fire arms : for a few unarmed individuals, placed on 
the tops of the Hills, might, by rolling loose fragments of Hock 
down the steep declivities, completely overwhelm the Invader* in 
any of those deep and narrow V alleys where only they could land ; 
and from which they must, with whatever difficulty, clirnb to the 
summits, before they could close with their Opponents, or get 
possession of the Island. Of these offensive weapons, St. Helena, 
nowever deficient in its other resources, affords an exuberant sup- 
ply on the top of every Hill, and on the face of every declivity, of 
all sizes and dimensions ; many of them at least as large as that 
which Turnus hurled against his Foe, and abundance that might b 
more commodionsly wielded by mortals of modern days. 

As a Station for our homeward-bound Indianien, St. Helena has 
advantages superior to the Capo, Its position is sufficiently con- 
venient; and being exempted from the Storms and tempestuous 
weather of the Southern Promontory of Africa, it far exceeds the 
Cape in the serenity of its climate, and the security of its roads; 
yet it has some inconveniences ; it can only be approached in the 
track of the Trade Winds; and the approach to it reqniivs some 
:kill and management. Vessel, therefore, coming from the quar- 
ter opposite to that from which the Trade Wind blows, are under 
the necessity of making a prodigious circuit. It will be obvious 
too, that Ships cannot lie at anchor on its windward side, though 
the anchorage is safe and secure, at all Seasons, on the leeward 
Coast. Besides, as it is so inconsiderable a Speck on the surface of 
the great Ocean where it lies, and in which there are no other 
Land-marks to guide the Mariner, it may easily be missed by 
Vessels which do not keep exactly in the windward track of it; 
and if they once pass it but a little, the difficulty of bea'Sng up to 
windward is very great, and they are obliged to steer to a vast dis- 
tance, in order to ge,t into the longitudes whence the Trade Wind 



196 NYVAL ANECDOTES, &C. 

blows continually towards it. It is related of a British Comman- 
der, who had mussed it in this vay. th^t. ai'ter some endeavours to 
discover it, lie abandoned the search, in the full persuasion that it- 
must have bi'i-ri re.vnf.ly swallowed up by the waves. We may 
smile at tit is ; and yet a Seaman, acquainted with St. Helena, who 
should in this way miss it, might more naturally entertain such an 
apprehension about it, than about almost any other laud ; as its 
loose and crumbling composition, its impending and disjointed 
rliU's, and its hollow and cavernousi base, give it altogether an 
appearance among the waves so tottering and unstable. 

James's Bay on the northward, where Ships anchor opposite 
f.> James Town, is said to have the inconvenience of shelving very 
abruptly, at a short distance from the Shore. 

Sandy Bay, which is in itself so much finer, and more capacious, 
and so strikingly embosomed in the wildest and most stupendous 
scenery, is rendered useless as a place of anchorage, by being 
situated too far to windward. 

These natural inconveniences of the Island would be fully com- 
pensated to the Vessels and Fleet* that touch here, if the place in 
itself afforded more ample means of supplying their wants. That 
its interior convenLnces and resources, with respect to Shipping, 
might be considerably augmented, and that it might be altogether 
much improved and beautified, there can be no doubt. This indeed 
is evident, from what has been done already; by which the place 
has become a more commodious and comfortable abode than it was 
before, to those who either dwell or sojourn in it. But with 
whatever further conveniences it may be enriched, or with whatever 
improvements its surface may be decorated, its great advantages 
are dependent on sources which are never likely to fail, as they are 
derived from the order of the elements and Seasons. And if this 
cheerless and gloomy Island were in itself utterly destitute of every 
means of subsistence to Man, Bird, or Beast; if no tree, shrub, or 
trace of verdure should' ever soften that aspect of desolation and 
horror which heightens the dreariness of its solitude, and seems to 
cast an air of sadness on its cheerful and enlivening climate, it would 
still afford some valuable comforts and advantages to Seafaring 
Strangers ; while Vessels, at all Seasons, ride with security in its 
Roads; while its Shores swarm, with multitudes of fish; while its 

ills abound with fountains of pure water, and its Atmosphere is 
refreshed by a breeze of perpetual salubrity. 



197 



CORRESPONDENCE. 

Project for taking Possession of the Kingdom of CHILI, by the 
Arms of His Britannic Majesty. 

[Concluded from page 12L'.] 

QTRONGLY as I am impressed with the advantages to he 
^ derived from this Enterprise, the prospect of success appears 
in a still stronger point of view. The distance of Chili from the 
Seat of Government; the secondary light in which it is held among 
the Spanish Provinces; its small Military Establishment ; and its 
capacity of defence by a Power which, to a superiority at Sea, 
shall add a respectable Cavalry and good Artillery, can leave no 
doubt on that head. Should any be entertained, the most trifling 
diversion on the side of Vera Cruz would effectually prevent any 
Detachment from the northward ; and a ICAV Ships occasionally 
showing themselves off Lima, would keep that place in constant 
alarm. An addition to these circumstances is, that the Succours 
from Peru will not have the means of embarkation, and that the 
Desert of Atacamas, which extends 240 miles between Peru and 
Chili, presents a most formidable Barrier by Land, and as such a 
march has probably never been in their contemplation, it is pro- 
bable that the Spanish Troops are utterly unprovided for the 
attempt. Add to this, that the absolute necessity of awing the 
Country might not permit the detachment of any considerable 
part of their Force on an Expedition in which perhaps the whole 
of it might be insufficient. 

Under the last impression, a much smaller Force than that whicit 
I have before mentioned, would be fully adequate to the accom- 
plishment of the Enterprise; but as a respectable appearance in 
the first instance would be highly useful both to create Friends and 
to intimidate Enemies, I have chosen rather to exceed the bound* 
of a strict necessity, than to confine myself within them ; especially 
as the Troops may be returned either to Europe, or to any other 
part of the World that may be pointed out, with little additional 
expense. 

I now come to the number and description of the Force; which. 
I have already stated at three Ships of the Line, three Frigates, 
and at 5,500 Men to be embarked; and I trust I am not too san- 
guine in the hopes I entertain of landing an effective Army of 
5000 Men. I have stated three Ships of the Line, having under- 
that to be the Establishment of Spain in the Pacific Ocean, 



JQ& COIUIESFOMDK.VCE. 

and reasoning as an Englishman, that an equality of numbers con- 
stitutes a decided superiority of Force. 

Not being intimately acquainted with the Stations of His Majes- 
ty's Troops, or with the reasons that have dictated their Dispo- 
sitions, I may possibly on this head suggest things which may not 
meet the approbation of Government. But I humbly request of 
tho.'.e to whom this Project is submitted, to regard rather the 
principle than the detail. It was imagined that 

One Regiment of British Infantry, say 600 

One of dismounted Cavalry 400 

Artillery and Artificers 300 

1300 

Men might be as many as this Country should furnish, as well on 
account of other eventual calls, as to prevent suspicion and lull 
curiositv. As every possible degree of caution should be used to 
prevent the object of the Expedition being suspected, I have sub- 
mitted the propriety of collecting the remainder of the Force 
from different and distant Points, the whole to rendezvous at the 
Cape of Good Hope. 

One Hessian Regiment .. .. 1,000 

One Hussars 150 

One Jagcrs . .. 150 

Bengal Mahometan Seapoys ... 1,400 

Bengal Artillery 100 

Lascars, &c 200 

Regiment of West India Negroes 1,200 

Troops from England 1 ,300 



5,500 

The general Rendezvous, as I before mentioned, to be at the 
Cape ; or, which will put the real object of the Expedition further 
out of sight, at Port Jackson. The adoption of this Port as the 
point of Rendezvous* may furnish an opportunity for taking a 
Force from New South Wales that will supersede the necessity ef 
drawing any Troops from India; though the Bengal Artillery and 
the Lascars would be of the most important service in such an 
Enterprize. If it should be objected that this latter arrangement 
would add considerably to the length of the Voyage, it may be 
answered, that in point of time the difference would be compara- 
tively nothing ; as the westerly Winds which blow regularly from 
New South Wales to the Shores of the Pacific Ocean, would carry 



189 

the proposed Armament M ith so much rapidity and certainty to its 
destination, as far to counterbalance any inconvenience that might 
be feared from the increase of distance. At whichever of these 
two Points it may be determined to fix the Rendezvous, it would 
be eligible that the junction should be formed in the month of 
November. After remaining 14 days in i'ort, the Armament 
might then take advantage of the bc-st Season for going round Cape 
Horn; and the southerly Winds which prevail in the month of 
December in the Paciiie Ocean, will in a tew da) s bring them to 
the iiay of Valparaiso, which it is submitted would be the proper 
place to effect a landing, both on account of the goodness of the 
Harbour, and its vicinity to St. Jago, which is scarcely dci'ended in 
the smallest degree, though the Capital of the Kingdom. 

These Points being gained, the Conquest of the Kingdom might 
be assumed ; and some acts of grace in the suppression of the 
lii.r.'.isition, of the Tax for the Crusades, or perhaps in the 
establishment of a Free ^iint at St. Jago, with a liberal conduct 
towards all description of Persons, as well Spaniards as Natives, 
would in all likelihood immediately reconcile the People to their 
change of Government. These ideas are merely thrown out to 
mark the line of conduct which it is submitted might be proper to 
observe, rather than to insist on the particular instances. The 
wNdora and liberality of those to whom His M-jesty may entrust 
this Service, will enable them to make the choice as to the, exam- 
pies they may think tit to give of His Majesty's clemency and 
benignity to those whom the valour of his Forces have submitted to 
his protection. 

It now becomes proper to say something of the means by which 
the expenses of the Armament may be made good. Were it pro- 
per at this period to bring forward the names of Individuals who 
would be willing to embark in this design, Government might be 
easily assured of the practicability of the plan. Whatever may be 
said of the drains of money by the War, it is a fact that at this 
moment good bills may be discounted at four per cent., and neither 
at this nor any other time have funds been wanting to carry into 
effect rational plans for the extension of our Trade. The national 
ad-.antagcs of Ihe Home Trade over the Foreign, and of one Trade 
over another, in proportion to the quickness of its returns, are 
well known: but novelty has its charms as well as gain; and in 
nothing is this more true than in Commercial Enterprizes. It is 
estimated that the Expense of fitting out the Expedition might 
amount to about one million sterling. Should it be thought pro- 



200 ORRESPOXDEN'CE. 

per to establish a South American Company, and to grant to thorn 
the possession of the Territory in the same way as in the Island of 
Bombay is grantod to the East India Company, reserving always 
TTis Majesty's royal Prerogatives, and the rights of Individuals, 
there is no doubt but that a Trading Company might be formed on 
that basis, which would repay the advances made by the public 
within the space of two years from the time it shall be incorporated. 
1000 shares of 1000/., or 10,000 of 100/., make up the sura. 
Should this general outline of the Plan be favourably received, the 
scheme of the future Company would form the subject of a separate 
Paper. At present it will be sufficient to suggest, that in the 
infancy of the intercourse of this Country with that part of the 
World, it would be expedient that the access to it. should be under 
some restraint till we are better acquainted with the genius of the 
people : and till we have been able to impress on their minds a 
favourable idea of our national character, by exhibiting an example 
of moderation, justice, humanity, and good faith, to which people 
little cultivated are in the highest degree sensible, and to which they 
seldom fail to make proper returns. The Persons selected to com- 
mand such an Expedition would undoubtedly be possessed of all 
the qualities requisite to do justice to His Majesty's Arms, and to 
give an impression to distant Nations of His Majesty's virtues. 
But as professional talents, a proud disinterestedness, the most 
conciliating manners, joined to a great knowledge of the world 
and energy of character, eminently distinguish the General and Ad- 
miral, it is humbly submitted, that should His Majesty be pleased 
to call for their services on this occasion, it would inspire the 
greatest confidence in the Mercantile World, as well as furnish no 
equivocal proof that the intentions of those who have the honour 
to furnish these suggestions are of the most liberal kind, and in 
every respect conformable to the high characters and situations oi 
the proposed instruments of them. 

SIR SIDXEY SMITH'S FLOTILLA. 

MR. EDITOR, Dover, September 2. 

^T eight o'clock yesterday evening the firing of six guns from a 

Cutter in the Roads announced the arrival of this gallant 
Officer in the Diligence Revenue Cutter from Ramsgate. He was 
brought on Shore in a Pilot Wherry, and received by a further 
salute of three guns. He was accompanied by several Naval 
Officers, and retired for the night to the York Hotel. This mora- 



CORRESPONDENCE. @Q1 

Jng, at an early hour, the two Gun-boats, newly constructed by 
the direction of Sir Sidney, were brought from their moorings tq 
the Mouth of the Harbour, for his inspection, and for the purpose 
of making some further experiments with them. They are, I sup, 
pose, upon much the same plan as those lately tried on the River 
Thames ; but as they may differ in some respects, and are on a 
more extensive scale, a short description of them may not be 
unacceptable. The one is called the Cancer, the other the 
Gemini. The Cancer is formed of a Galley, about 48 feet in, 
length, cut exactly in two, from stem to stern; those two parts are 
joined to the ends of five pieces of timber, which cross them, and 
are made secure by braces of iron : upon those fire beams is raised 
a platform, in the centre of which stands a three-pounder, ready 
mounted, with ammunition boxes, &c. ; the wheels of this cannon 
stand in a groove, upon a sort of frame work, which runs out some 
feet beyond the bows, so that the moment the Vessel is run ashore, 
the cannon can be landed, and instantly put jn use, In the centre, 
of each of the two extreme beams which join the two Half-Galleys, 
masts are fixed, each of which carry a large square sail with pro. 
per rigging, a foresail projects from a boom which is fixed to the 
frame. There are four rudders, one to each extremity qf the Half. 
Galleys, two only of which are worked at a time, by a cord 
connected with a larger one in the centre, and managed by a Person 
on the platform. These rudders can be shipped or unshipped in a 
moment, and the Hall-Galleys being equally sharp at both ends, 
she can be run back or forward at pleasure. The Halt-Galleys are 
decked, with eight holes cut along each, large enough to admit a 
Man's body; to the mouth of each of which is fixed a canvas bag, 
painted so as to prevent the water penetrating, with a running 
string in the top : in these bags the sixteen Men, who pull at the 
oar, seat themselves, and tie them above their hips : this sufficiently 
lashes them to the Boat, and prevents their being washed overboard. 
Besides these sixteen oars, and the other Persons who manage the 
sails, &c., this Vessel is capable of holding fifty Soldiers. Her 
sides are entirely lined with cork, so that it is impossible to upset 
her; and in a heavy Sea it passes over her without doing any 
jnjury, except giving the Men wet jackets. 

The other Boat, the Gemini, is of the same construction, but; 
much larger, with this difference, she is formed of two entire 
Galleys, fastened together as the Cancer, with 16 holes in each 
Galley, for the Rowers are inside the other; the 16 outside Men 
row with oars, while those at the inside are furnished with a 



$02 CORRESPONDENCE, 

of spade, in the shape of the paddle of an Indian Canoe, the blade 
made of iron ; and a space is left between the platform and the 
Galleys, for the Men to work these paddles. This instrument is 
useful also in clearing away the sand or gravel, to facilitate the 
landing of the cannon. The Gemini also carries a six-pounder, 
and a proportionate number of Men, more than the Cancer. Those 
Vessels, when heaviest laden, draw only 18 inches water, .so that 
they are most useful in running into shallow places, and landing 
cannon with the greatest expedition. 

I'rcc o'clock P.M. At one o'clock, Sir Sidney Smith, accom- 
panied by Major Clubley, of the East York Militia, and some 
Naval and Military Officers, went on board the Cancer, while the 
rest of his Party got on board the Gemini, and it being then Flood 
Tide, the Wind at N.N.E., they proceeded out of the Harbour, 
steering a S. W. course. Both the Piers were crowded with Com- 
pany to witness this interesting Spectacle ; a number of Officcre 
and their Wives ; and, in short, all the elegantes of the Town, were 
assembled to behold the brave Sir Sidney ; while the oldest 
inhabitants of this his native place hailed him as the Ornament 
and honour of their Town ; many remembered him a little Boy, 
and he recognised his old Friends, as he passed through them, with 
the greatest kindness and affection. 

Sir Sidney's Flotilla (as 1 may call it) was attended by a ten- 
eared Galley and the Diligence Cutter; having stood for some 
leagues out to Sea, they tackd and stood before the Wind ; here 
one of th greatest perfections of those Boats M as fully displayed. 
They ran before the Wind with the greatest rapidity, outstripping 
even the Cutter and Galley, which are the swiftest sailing Vessels 
we have. While Sir Sidney was practising these movements, 
1'Utilite Frigate, of 38 guns, belonging to the Boulogne Squadron, 
passed in full sail from the Downs for that Station; and when she 
eame abreast of the Harbour, fired a gun for her Pilot ; soon after, 
the Desperate Gun-brig hove in sight from the Downs ; this Ship 
was ordered to attend Sir Sidney, and had on board twenty Privates 
of the Royal Artillery, sent from Ramsgate,'to work the guns on 
board Sir Sidney's Bouts. All this, added to a most beautiful day, 
and a distinct View of the French Coast, the coup d'ceil made the 
Scene enchanting. After trying those Boats in every 'way which 
they could possibly be managed, through the whole of which they 
appeared to work with great case and convenience, the Artillery 
iro: the Desperate was put on board them, and several shots were 
fired iu different directions, without having any visible appearance 



CORRESPONDENCE. 203 

upon the Vessels ; they were then brought into the Roads, and run 
u Shore on that part of the Strand where the Brigade usually 
parade, near to the Cottage inhabited by Sir Sidney's Aunt. The 
cannon were landed in a moment of time, with the greatest ease; 
and several shots being iired by way of experiment, they were 
again, in an instant, shipped with the most apparent ease and 
expedition ; and while Sir Sidney and his Party retired to regal* 
themselves on Shore, the Boats were brought again into the Har- 
bour to their original Moorings. I understand it is the intention 
of Sir Sidney to go to Ramsgate in them to-morrow, Wind and 
Weather permitting. Admiral Lord Keith was to have been of the 
Party to try these Boats, but from what cause the gallant Lord's 
absence arose, I could not learn ; but am told it is his Lordship's 
iatention to meet them at Ramsgate. A. B 



CORRESPONDENCE RELATIVE TO PRISONERS 
OF WAR. 

W. MARSDE-V, ESQ., TO EDWARD COOKE, ESQ. 

SIR, Admiralty, July 17, 1804. 

THE Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty have ordered m 
to transmit you the annexed copy of a letter from M. Riviere, 
Chief of Division in the Office of the Minister of Marine, to the 
Transport Board, relative to the Capitulation of the Enemy'; 
Force in St. Domingo, and to beg you to lay it before Lord Cam* 
den, for his Lordship's information, in order that he may direct me 
in the conduct I am to pursue. I am, <5cc. 

t W. MARSDEN. 

LETTER FROM M. RIVIERE TO THE TRANSPORT BOARD. 
GENTLEMEN, P,,m, June 12, 1804. 

HIS Excellency the Minister of Marine atid the Colonies having 
been informed, that the Garrison and Crews of the Vessels which 
^evacuated the Cape in consequence of the Convention agrred to on 
board the Siirveillaiite, 30th November, 1803, are detained Pri. 
soners in England, has ordered me, for the under-mentioned 
reasons, to claim, in his ->iame, the return to France of those 
Garrisons and Crews, conformably to the srcond Article of the 
said Convention. It is as follows: 

" The Garrison of the Cape embarked On board the Ships, and 
tfcc Crews of those Ships, shall be Prisoners ef War, and sent to 



Europe as soon as possible, upon their Parole not to serve beforii 
they are exchanged," &c. 

It is conceived that the spirit of that Article required the greatest 
exactness in the drawing up of it^ arid that the word France should 
be substituted for the word Europe. 

But it would be offensive to the character of the English 
Nation, to suppose that its Government could avail itself of a want 
of precision in the word to infringe a Capitulation whose spirit is 
(so explicitly developed by the very conditions which those who 
have capitulated have subscribed. In fact, if the spirit and in*en- 
tion of the Capitulation had not been that the Garrison and Crews 
who were Prisoners of War should be sent to France as soon as 
possible, instead of being detained in England, it is evident that 
their being sent to Europe would not have been submitted to this 
condition, to give their Parole not to serve without being 
exchanged. 

No doubt the Soldiers whom the events of the War hare forced 
to abandon the Post which they defended, and those to whom 
they have been obliged to yield, have frankly and openly con-* 
ceived on both sides the spirit of the condition they subscribed, 
without discussing grammatically the expressions of them'. They 
could not suppose that a discussion upon words could take place 
afterwards upon an object so completely developed by the essential 
condition of the 2d Article. 

His Excellency thinks then, that if the British Government think 
themselves authorized to detain in England the Troops and Crews 
who capitulated at the Cape, it is because they have not fixed their 
attention upon the 2d Article of the Capitulation, and particularly 
upon these essential expressions, " and shall be sent to Europe^ 
with their Parole not to serve until exchanged." 

His Excellency has ordered me to request you to submit this 
important consideration to the Lords of the Admiralty, and he 
cannot but believe that the conduct he would adopt in a similar 
situation to conform to the evident spirit of the Capitulation, will 
be that which their Lordships will not hesitate to adopt. He 
observes, that the miseries of War are of themselves severe enough 
for those who, by their situations, have so powerful an influence 
upon the lot of humanity, not to endeavour on either side to 
aggravate them by evasion or discussions unworthy of their public 
fchantcter. 

it has been mentioned to his Excellency, that some Persona in 
have suppoai-d that Prisoners otWar sent back to Franc* 



CORRESPONDENCE^ 205 

*>h Parole have been employed without having been exchanged. 
Without dwelling upon an allegation which has only reached him 
indirectly, his Excellency has directed me to make knoivn to you> 
that no infraction of that nature has taken place. 

I have submitted to him the representation you requested me 
to lay before him upon the treatment of Prisoners of War detained 
in France. 

Some Correspondence which his Excellency has had occasion to 
enter into recently with Prisoners of distinction, have not induced 
him to conceive that any complaint exists upon the subject; yet as 
their Police depends upon the Minister of War, he has written to 
the Marshal of the Empire, who is charged with that Department, 
in order that he may inquire into your complaint, if it be -well 
founded ; and as soon as I receive his reply, you shall be informed 
of the real state of affairs. 

You may, Gentlemen, in the mean time be assured, that none 
of the duties -which humanity prescribes in favour of Prisoners 
of War shall be neglected, for such is his Imperial Majesty's for- 
mal intention. I am. &c'. RIVIERE. 

ED, COOKE, ESQ., UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE WAR. 

DEPARTMENT; TO W. MAItSDEN, ESQ. 

SIR, Downing Street, August 28, 1804. 

I HAVE had the honour to lay before Lord Camden your letter 1 
of the 17th nit., enclosing the copy of a letter from M. Riviere, 
written by order of the French Minister of Marine and Colonies 
to the Commissioners for the custody of Prisoners of War, claiming 
the release of the French Crews and Garrisons that were made Pri- 
soners by His Majesty's Squadron off Cape Francois, in the Island 
of St. Domingo, on the 30th November last, in virtue of the second 
Article of the Convention then agreed to by the English and French 
Commanders ; and in answer thereto, I am directed to communicate 
to you his Lordship's sentiments, for the information of the Lord* 
Commissioners of the Admiralty, in order that they may be trans- 
mitted through M. Riviere to the French Government. In that 
letter M. Riviere states, that the Minister, under whose orders he 
acts, directs him to observe- u That the misfortunes of War are 
sufficiently heavy in themselves, and call particularly on those 
who, by their situation on either side, are so powerfully enabled 
to influence the fate of humanity, not to seek occasions f-eciprocafly 
to aggravate those misfortunes still more, either by evasions or 
lliscusHons unworthy of their public character;" and he concludes 



206 CORRESPONDENCE. 

his dispatch by remarking, That the Admiralty may he assured 
of the direct and decided intention of the French Government, thai 
none of the duties of humanity shall be neglected in favour of Pri- 
soners of War." The sentiments thus avowed, arc congenial with 
those which are entertained by his Majesty's Ministers; and, 
however much the conduct hitherto adopted by the French Govern- 
nient has differed from those sentiments, I am, notwithstanding, 
directed by Lord Camden to lay before you the following state- 
ment, as he cannot, from M. Riviere's expressions, bvl entertain the 
expectation, that when the justice of the cases which I proceed to 
lay before- you for his information shall be considered*, the French 
Government will attbrd that satisfaction to this Country which she 
has a right to expect. 

At the very outset <6f the War, even before His Majesty's 
Ambassador had left France, a very considerable number of His 
Majesty's Subjects, who resided in France by the permission of 
the French Government, and oh the faith of the Law of Nations, 
or under protection of Passports from the Ministers of France, 
were, in defiance of the established practice of European Nations, 
detained as Prisoners in France, and have since been confined in 
distant Fortresses jn that Country. Whilst this flagrant violation 
of those laws and customs by which civilized Nations have been so 
long guided, has taken place in France, His Majesty's Govern- 
ment have yet allowed all Persons who are of the class known in 
the Cartel of last War by the designation of " Non-Combatants," 
to return to France ; and 526 Persons of this description have been 
actually sent to France, whilst only one Person of the same 
description is known by the Transport Board to have been sent 
from France to this Country. Lord Camden conceives that this 
plain statement sufficiently marks the different principles which 
have actuated the conduct of the t\vo Nations, and therefore makes 
no further comment or Observation upon it, but directs me to state 
to you other circumstances connected with this subject. 

In the month of June 1803, a Detachment of His Majesty's 
Troops landed on the Island of St. Lucia; and on terms of Capitu- 
Intion being refused, they stormed the chief Fortress on that 
Island, and took the Garrison Prisoners of War; but so far from 
i<ins the power which a Victory so obtained might have afforded 
him, His .Majesty's Commanding Officer, though he might have 
kept the Garrison Prisoners in the West Indies, though he might 
love sc-nt them to England, stripped of all their private property, 
'here to be retained in Prison ; yet, upon the highest principle of 



CORRESPONDENCE. 207 

honour and humanity, he sent them to their own Country on their 
Parole, with an entire confidence of their being iramediatelr 
exchanged. iVo acknowledgment of this generous conduct has 
been made, and not a single British Prisoner has been released in 
return for the Garrison of St. Lucia. 

In the same month of June, 1803, the Island of Tobago was 
attacked by a strong British Force, and, on being summoned to 
surrender, Gen. Berthier, the Commandant, not being in a situation 
to make resistance, proposed a Capitulation the most favourable to 
the French Garrison, which consisted only of 89 rank and tile. 
It was in the .power of His Majesty's Commanding Officer to hav 
forced the Garrison to surrender at discretion, yet he humar.clr 
agreed to the Capitulation proposed, and sent the Garrison to 
France at the expense of Great Britain. 

In October, 1803, the French Garrison of Pomlicherry, con. 
sisting of 177 Persons, cut off from all possibility of support, were 
summoned to surrender by a strong Detachment of His Majesty's 
Forces; when, on their proposing a Capitulation, the Britinh Com- 
manding Officer, who might have reduced them without the danger 
of loss, consented to allow them the most favourable and, generous 
conditions; they were to be carried to France, and to receive their 
full Pay till their arrival from the Indian Company, and were only 
debarred from serving again for a year and a dy. 

A Cartel Ship, named the Matilda, was taken into employment 
for this Service, which a few days ago arrived ia the Channel, and 
immediately proceeded oil Havre. That Port being blockaded, 
the Cartel was directed to proceed to Fecamp. Upon its arrival 
off that Port, no notice being taken of the Ship, several of th 
French Officers requested to be allowed to enter the Port in a 
Boat. This was permitted ; but, on advancing near the Harbour 
with a Flag of Truce, the Boat was so repeatedly fired upon, that 
they were obliged to relinquish the attempt, and the Cartel has 
arrived in the Downs. 

Notwithstanding these circumstances, and that the last public 
Cartel Ship was fired upon from Morlaix, which is pointed out by 
the French Government as the Port to which Flags of Truce are 
to be sent, the Cartel has been ordered to proceed to that Port, 
and to make another attempt to carry the Capitulation entered into 
at Poudicherry into execution. 

I now proceed tp state individual cases, to show the spirit which 
actuates the Government of France. 

Captain Purien, Commander of the French Frigate 



208 

was allowed to go to France, on his Parole to return to England 
In three months, if lie could not procure the exchange of Captain 
Brenton, of His Majesty's Frigate Minerva. The liberation of 
Captain Brenton lias been refused, and the French Government 
have proposed to substitute, 1st, Colonel Craufurdj 2dly, Mr. 
M'Namara; and, 3dly, a Colonel Smith: the two former of whom - 
being resident in France at the time of the Rupture between the 
two Countries, were detained as Prisoners contrary to the Law of 
Nations ; and Colonel Smith is not known to be in the Army or 
Navy of this Country. 

I am next to advert to the Capture and detention of Lieutenant 
Dillon: Lieutenant Dillon, of His Majesty's Frigate 1'Africaine, 
was sent into Helvoet on the 20th of July, 1803, in a six-oared 
Cutter, with a Flag of Truce, and was there seized and detained 
with his Crew. Upon a representation being made on the subject, 
a letter was received from the Officer commanding at the Texel, 
under date October 16, 1803, to the Officer commanding His 
Britannic Majesty's Ships off that Port, stating, that orders had 
been issued by the Council of the Batavian Navy to the Com, 
manding Officer at Helvoet, on the 30th of July preceding, for the 
entire release of the said Lieutenant, Flag of Truce, and Equipage ; 
in consequence whereof he departed the same day, but that he was 
on his return carried back by a French armed Boat, and trans* 
ported on board the Ship of the Commandant of a French Division, 
stationed at the same Port. It appears that remonstrances have 
been made by the Batavian Republic to the French Government 
for the liberation of Lieutenant Dillon, but notwithstanding these 
circumstances, Lieutenant Dillon is still detained a Prisoner in the. 
Territory of France, in open violation of every privilege m 
relation to Flags of Truce established and acknowledged by civi- 
lized Nations. 

But the case of Captain Wright deserves and requires more 
observation than even any of these I have laid before you: It 
appears that Captain Wright, commanding His Majesty's Sloop 
El Vincejo, (which was taken off the Coast of Brittany, on tho 
20th of May last, by several Gun-boats,) instead of meeting with 
that liberal treatment which has uniformly been experienced by 
French Officers in similar cases, was sent, with circumstances of 
peculiar indignity and severity, to Paris, subjected te close impri, 
sonment in the Temple, and obliged to undergo repeated interro- 
gatories before a Court of Justice, when none of the facts alledged 
again, t him would, tftjue, authorize the French Government to 



CORRESl'OXDENCE. 209 

consider Captain Wright in other light than as a Prisoner of War, 
and as entitled to every privilege of that situation. Lord Camrlen 
finds it difficult to permit me to advert (o a case of this flagrant 
nature in the terms and expressions to which this communication 
ought to be confined : for he believes that no age has yet produced 
an instance of a gallant Officer, who, after defending his Ship to 
the utmost, was obliged to surrender, and who, thus becoming a 
Prisoner of War, was entitled to all the respect which his conduct 
merited, was yet dragged to the Capital of the hostile Country, and 
interrogated there, in a manner most unjustifiable, upon a subject 
to which he could not, and ought not to answer. Captain Wright'* 
judgment and firmness appeared to be as conspicuous, under the 
circumstances in which he was placed, as his gallantry in his par- 
ticular Profession; but he yet remains a close Prisoner in the Tem- 
ple at Paris, an example of the honour, the firmness, and the spirit 
of the British character. 

I close this statement with this case ; and I now proceed to state 
to you, for the information of M. Riviere, that, in order to lessen, 
the evils of War, and to consult the interests of humanity, His 
.Majesty has twice invited the French Government to accede to the 
principle of a general Cartel, founded on the basis of that which 
existed between the two Nations in the last War. The accession 
to those proposals has, however, been evaded by the French 
Government, by insisting that the Hanoverians are to be considered 
as British Prisoners, when they cannot be ignorant that the cause 
of the Invasion of Hanover, and the War with the King of Great 
Britain, are perfectly distinct in all their circumstances ; when they 
know, that during several years of the last War the electoral 
Dominions of Hanover were at Peace with France, and that no 
mention was made of Hanover in the Treaty of the Peace at 
Amiens, as forming in any manner whatsoever a part of the British 
Empire; and when they equally know that no Hanoverian is a 
British Subject; but, on the contrary, considered by the Laws of 
Great Britain as an Alien and Foreigner, and over whom there is 
no controul in this Country. 

Having laid before you this statement, it remains for me now 
enly to advert to the particular subject of M. Riviere's letter, viz. 
that those French Prisoners which surrendered at Cape Francois, 
by Capitulation, in November ISO.?, should be sent to France 
without delay. On this part of the subject I am, in the first 
place, directed by Lord Camden to refer you to the enclosed copy 
of the statement to Vice-Admiral Duckworth, by Captain Bligh, 

SHoJ.XIV. E E 



510 CORRESPONDENCE. 

respecting the said Capitulation, in order that, by a communication 
tht-r.'of to M. Riviere, no pretence may be made of ignorance 
M -;*'., r - sp-cf to all its particulars. Upon the statement of Captain 
Bligh, Lord Cam-den directs me to make the following observa- 

first, it appears that in a moment tlie most critical to the 

Garrison, all possibility of their escape cut off, their 
position being; such, that their falling a sacrifice to the vengeance 
of the Inhabitants of St. Domingo \vas inevitable, no time being 
allowed for consideration and adjustment of the terms and niceties 
of a formal Capitulation, a paper of Articles already prepared by 
the French Commanding Officer was presented to Captain Bligb, 
who, actuated by motives of generosity and compassion, imme- 
diately consented thereto, with cer'ain modifications, and with 
cre.it difficulty induced General Dessalines also to consent to them; 
modifications (as there was not tima to reduce them into 
regular written terms) the French Commanders, in the presence of 
Captain Bligh and three of his Officers, promised on their honour 
to ratify as soon as they should arrive at Jamaica. Secondly, on 
the faith of this promise, thus fully and distinctly given in the pre- 
sence of four British Officers, who certify the fact, the French 
Garrison were received under the protection of His Majesty's 
Squadron, and removed from certain immediate destruction ; but 
as soon as by these means they were placed in a state of security, 
they retracted their promise, and refused to ratify the very engage- 
ments by which they were saved. 

Lord Camden has thought it necessary that a statement of the 
transactions which took place at Cape Francois should be detailed 
to M. Riviere, in order that the French Government may be aware 
of all the circumstances of the case, and how equitably His Majesty 
migiit be authori/ed in acting conformably thereto. Still, however, 
with tha^ scrupulous adherence to Capitulations and Treaties which 

.<) distinguished (his JVntion, liis Majesty will not insist 
upon any point which is not included in the words of the Capitu- 
lation of Cape Francois, and will be guided in his conduct by the 
written Instrument alone. I am now, therefore, directed by Lord 
Camclen to desire tl.at it may be stated to M. Riviere, that no 
time will be lost in currying into execution the Capitulation of 
Cape Francois, whenever his Majesty's Government shall be 
enabled, irom t'ti- conduct of the French Government, to efiec- 
10 ; ,md that so soon as a number of British Pri- 
soner, iMuai :n number and' proportionate in Rank to the' Gar. 

of St. Lucia, shall be sent to England, a proportion of the 



COHRESPON'DENCE. 21 1 

Garrison which capitulated at Cape Francois shall be sent to 
France, in order to be exchanged. This proposition is made upon 
the principle of evincing the most scrupulous regard to the Capitu- 
lations agreed to by His Majesty's Officers; but Lord Camden 
hopes that the French Government may be induced to ulterior 
measures, in which the cause of general justice and humanity is 
concerned, and which are calculated to alleviate those evils of 
Warfare, which M. Riviere so truly states ought not to be aggra- 
vated. 

I am therefore, secondly, to desire it should be proposed to M. 
Riviere, that if the French Government shall release those Persons, 
Natives of Great Britain and Ireland, who were resident in France 
at the commencement of Hostilities by the permission of the French 
Government, or the Passport* of their Ministers, and who have 
been detained in France Captives contrary to the Law of .Vinous; 
and if Lieutenant Dillon shall be liberated, and Captain Wright 
released from his confinement, and treated as a Prisoner of \N ar, 
a general Cartel, upon the basis so properly agreed to during 
the course of the last War, should be established between the two 
Countries. 

It must be obvious to M. Riviere, and to the French Minister 
of Marine under whom he acts, how deeply His Majesty mi'st be 
impressed by the lengthened and unjust Captivity of his Subjects; 
and by the circumstances of Lieutenant Dillon's detention, and 
Captain Wright's imprisonment; and how reasonable it is to expect 
an honourable redress in these points, previous to the estah 
ment of a general Cartel. When this sentiment is conveyed to M. 
Riviere, I am directed to desire their Lordships may at the same 
time impress upon him the confident expectation of His Majesty's 
Government, that if the French Government shall' embrace the 
measure of a general Cartel, they will not again impede its pro- 
gress, by requiring terms in which it is known that it is impossible 
for His Majesty to acquiesce. 1 am, &c. 

Tim. llirsden, Esq., <c. ,Vc. *C. EDWARD CoOKL'. 

Mr. Cooke enclosed a letter from Commodore Bligh, in which 
the latter says that the terms proposed io him by the French 
O illcers at St. Domingo wer .iccvpted with exceptions, and that 
General Boyer and Captain ijar.e gave hi-n their \\c,ii of honou-, 
that, i:pon their arrival at Jamaica, they would change the Ca; :. - 
lation. conformably to his observations.-^ 13} the Capitulation it 
was never understood that the Parole extended to others than the 
Officers, and that by the return to Europe was meant the return 



212 connrspoxnoce. 

to England, in order to he exchanged without delay. The truth 
of Commodore Bligh's statement is certified by Captain Parker, 
Lieutenant Macdonald, and Mr. Wrotteslcy. 

LORD llARIlOWliY TO THE CIIEVAMER D'ANHUAGA. 
SJR 18th .lull, 1804. 

TIIK obstacles which the French Government have placed in the 
way of all communication between the two Countries, as well as 
the want of all authentic information upon what is passing at 
Paris, Lave hitherto prevented me from making kir>wr His Majes- 
ty's sentiments upon the manner in which a British Officer of dis- 
tinguished character is said to be treated. Yet as, after the con- 
versation I had the honour to have with you last Monday, it 
appears that a way is afforded of informing the Government, 
through the medium of the Spanish Ambassador at Paris, of the 
point of vie\v in which His Majesty considers the proceedings sup- 
posed to have taken place, it is my duty not to neglect the oppor- 
tunity with which you have been pleased to furnish me, to endea- 
vour to prevent, by representations, the effects which such a 
violation of the Law of Nations, and the usages of War, would 
produce. 

If the accounts in the French Papers be correct, it appears that 
Captain Wright,"who commanded the ElVincego, which was taken 
on the Coast of Brittany on the 20th of May last, by s-v.-ral Gun- 
boats, instead of receiving the liberal treatment v hich the French 
Officers have experienced in similar situations, has been sent to 
Paris that his being sent thither has been accompanied by circum- 
stances of peculiar indignity and severity that he has been closely 
confined in the Temple, and obliged to undergo several interroga- 
tories before a Court of Criminal Justice. 

It i Ms-.-less to enter here into a discussion of the pretexts made 
use of to attempt 'justify such treatment. None of the charges 
alledged against him, should they even be well founded, would 
have authorized the French Government to consider C'aptain 
Wright other than as a Prisoner of War, who, in that character, 
had a right to all the privileges of Persons in his situation. 

To cite a Prisoner of War to reply to interrogatories, in order 
to produce against him the proof of a crime alledged and supposed 
to have been committed before he was made Prisoner, and even 
before the present War, is evidently irreconcileable with every 
principle of justice. To deprive him of his personal liberty and 
much more, to confine him as a State Prisoner, is an act totally 



CORRESPONDENCE. 213 

contrary to that mild and moderate exercise of the right of War 
which civilized Europe boasts of. 

I have been directed to lay before you these sentiments, in the 
certainty that you will avail yourself of the first opportunity to 
transmit them to the Spanish Ambassador at Paris, and to entreat 
him to communicate them to the French Government. 

His Majesty, who has ever been averse from aggravating the 
miseries of War, desires to endeavour to obtain, through this 
medium and by these remonstrances, the satisfaction which he 
would be forced at length to procure by means less agreeable and 
less conformable to his intentions. He will abstain from having 
recour.e to those means, so long as he shall have the hope of 
obtaining through this medium a reply which may fulfil his just 
expectations. But if he iind that, notwithstanding his represen- 
tations, the imprisonment of Captain Wright is prolonged, he will 
not think himself obliged to defer longer treating with the" same 
rigour some Officer of equal or superior Rank, whom the chance of 
\Var shall have placed in his hands, and of considering him as a 
Hostage for the safety of Captain Wright. 

I beg you, Sir, to receive na>- thanks for the obliging manner in 
which you have been pleased to employ you* intervention in an 
occasion in which humanity and justice are equally interested. 
I have the honour to be, &c. 

HAHROWBY. 

M. d'Anduaga, in his reply, assures his Lordship, that he will 
avail himself of the first opportunity of communicating his .Note to 
the Spanish Ambassador at Paris. 

In a second letter, dated the 24th September, 1804, M. 
d'Anduaga informs his Lordship, that the measures taken in 
favour of Captain Wright have been successful ; and ho encloses 
him the following letter from M. Talleyrand, stating that Captain 
Wright will be placed at the disposal of the British Government 
as soon as a place is fixed for him to be sent to At the same time 
he expresses much pleasure at the issue of the intervention of his 
Catholic Majesty's Ambassador, who thereby fulfilled the wishes 
and commands of the King his Mcster. 

M. TALLEYRAND TO M. FREDERICO GRAVINA, HIS CATHOLIC 
MAJESTY'S AMBASSADOR AT PARIS. 

SIR, Paris, 10 Fructidor, ("27th Aug.) 1804. 

I HAVE laid before His Majesty the Emperor the letter jou did 
me the honour to communicate to me. 1 am by his orders to 



214 CORRESPONDENCE. 

remind your Excellency of some facts which relate to ilie object of 
that lei'er. Mr. Wi i-ht was taken by our Couriers at the moment 
landing on (he Coast of Brittany. Jean Mario and two of 
his Accomplice. He had before landed, at three successive times, 
Brigand i who have since been tried, convicted and punished, for 
baring conspued a^aii.st the State, and the life of the First Consul. 
acts, under whatever point of view we consider them, do 
not belong to War. There is no Age nor Nation in which they 
would not be viewed as crimes; and in fact I may say, that it was 
injiagranti lidiclo that Mr. \Vright was taken by French Sailors, 
doinu then the duty o: an armed Force. 

By documents which cannot be doubted, that Officer had been 
demanded of the English Admiralty. The Lords of the Admiralty 
undoubtedly knew not the kind of Service he was destined to por- 
form. The shame attached to the conception and execution of a 
vile a'nd atrocious act belongs wholly to the Men who formed 
the Plot, and to him who took upon himself to accomplish their 
riews. 

I am ordered, Sir, to declare to your Excellency, that His Majes- 
ty the E'nperor will not permit M.-. Wright to be exchanged: no 
Frenchman, of whatever Kankhema\ be. belonging io the French 
IVavy, would cunsent to be placed in the balance with him in a 
Cartel of exchange; but Hu Imperial Majesty, ">ir, having at heart 
every thing t!iat can diminish the scourge of War, and wishing to 
prove that, in his mind, that disposition is superior to the gravest 
motives ol jiRt and useful seventy, has directed me to declare to 
you, that he will order Mr. Wright to be placed at the disposal of 
the English Government. 1 beg you to make known to Lord 
Harrowby this generous detenninaiion of His Majesty. You will 
sec, Sir, in it a marked intention to do that which may be per- 
sonally agreeable to yourself, and the new Ministry o. iiis Britannic 
Majesty will be compelled to view it as a p. oof of the dispositions 
so often manifested by His Imp -rial ALijesty to rise above those 
sentiments which crimes, and even the attempts, ot \vhichhehas 
been the object, are calculated to excite, in o.der that he may- 
listen only to the interest he feels in tile good of humanity and the 
happiness of t.ie present generation. 1 shall wait to know, through 
you, the place to which the English Government desire the Pri- 
soner of State demanded through you, shall be sent. 

I a\iil myself of this opportunity to renew the assurance of my 
high coiisij crat i on> 

Cu. M. TALLEYRAND, 



CORRKSPOXDEXCE. 
LORD HAUUOWDY TO THE CHEVALIER D'AXDUAGA. 

SIR, Downing Street, Stpt. t'7, 1804. 

I HAVE the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 
yesterday, and to assure you, that His Majesty's Government feel, 
as they ought, the liberality and generosity with which His Catho- 
lic Majesty has pleaded to interpose his good offices in favour of 
Captain Wright, and the very obliging manner with which you 
and M. fie Gravina acceded to the demand contained in the first 
.Note I addres>ed to you upon the subject. 

As the French Government consent to put a period to the 
imprisonment of that Officer, and to permit him to return to this 
Country, it does not appear to me necessary to make any remarks 
upon the contents of M. Talleyrand's note to Admiral Gravina. 
I thereiore beg you, Sir, to communicate to the French Go/ern- 
inent, through the medium of M. de Gravina, that in consequence 
of the desire expressed to be informed of the place to which Cap- 
tain Wright shall be sent, His Majesty's Government desire that he 
be sent to Dover under a Flag of Truce ; and if that mode of 
setting him at liberty be deemed objectionable, to permit him to 
quit the French Territory, in order that he may proceed to 
Embden, or any other neutral Port or place. 

I have the honour to be ? &c, 

HAUROWEY. 



CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 

[Continued from page 43.] 



Again the dismal prospect opens round, 

The wreck, the shore, the dying, and tlie drovrn'd. 

. FALCONER. 

LOSS OF THE LITCHFIELD. MAN OF WAR. 

T)ie following Abstract of a Letter from an Officer of the LITCH- 
FIELD, dated Morocco, January ^ 1759. is worthy qfpreserott* 
tion, and zzilL zee presume, be acceptable to our Readers. 

X the llth of November, 1758, we left Ireland, in company 
with several Men of War and Transports, under the Com- 
mand of Cociraodore Keppel, intended for the reduction of Goree. 
Our Voyage uas happy and prosperous till the 28th, when the 
weather turned very squally, with much thunder and lightning, 



216 cotinECT RELATIO.V OF 

and a great fall of rain. At this time we imagined ourselves at 
least twenty-five It-agues from Land, in which all our reckonings 
agreed, so that we were in nowise uneasy at the Gale, though it 
blew so hard, that at twelve at night we were obliged to hand our 
main-sail and go under our courses. My watch was in the first 
part of the night. About one or two next morning I was relieved 
by the First Lieutenant, who took the charge of the watch. I 
wont to bed. At this time we had the Commodore right a-head, 
steering south. About six o'clock I was awakened by a dreadful 
shock, and a confused noise on dock. As I had no idea of being 
near Land, I at first apprehended we had run foul of another Ship ; 
but upon coming up, I was soon made sensible of our dreadful 
situation, and that our Ship was aground. The Sea was going 
mountains high, and was breaking over us at all quarters ; and as 
our broadside was to the Land, our masts soon went overboard, 
and carried several of our Men along with them. The Land 
appeared to us about two cables' length off, rocky, rugged, and 
uneven. 

In this situation we remained for some time, our masts and yards 
hanging alongside, the Ship beating violently upon the Rocks, and 
the waves breaking over us with such force, that we expected 
every moment to be our last. Happily for us, what we dreaded 
would prove our destruction, proved our safety ; some of the 
monstrous waves rebounding from the Rocks upon our starboard 
quarter, shifted the Ship, and gave us hopes of bringing her head 
towards the Sea, which we at last effected, though with infinite toil 
arid labour. The prospect of safety made us redouble our efforts, 
and finding it necessary to get as much as possible over to the 
larboard side, to prevent the Ship from heeling, we at last made 
shift to bring over most of her upper-deck guns, which had the 
effect we wished for; the Ship righted, and we now had soiue 
prospect of at least a few hours longer life. 

The vicinity of the Land, and our Boats being in good order, 
proved a temptation our People could not resist. Notwithstanding 
all that could be said against, it, and the prospect of a most terrible 
Sea, one of the Boats was launched, and eight of our best People 
jumped in; and many more would have followed, had not a 
rolling Sea parted her from the Ship. She disappeared in a moment, 
and .:!! on board perished. 

About four in the afternoon the weather became a little more 
favourable, and the waves began to abate; but, unhappily for us, 
thBouti were all broke to pieces, and our subsistence oil board 



CORUECT RELATION QF SHIPWRECKS. 21? 

entirely cut off, the Ship being so full of water, that we could not 
possibly got at our provision. The quarter-deck and poop were, 
the only places we could get footing in. 

The water beginning to ebb, one of the Men, with th.e appro- 
bation of the Captain, proposed to swim ashore, and was so happy 
as to succeed. His good fortune induced others to follow his 
example, and ninety-live qf the Crew, with the Second Lieutenant 
and myself, got also safe ashore. Upon the Beach we found num- 
bers of Moors, whom at first we imagined humanity had drawn 
there to afford us assistance ; but we were soon undeceived. Self- 
interest was their only viev/. To such as had stripped before they 
came into the water, they afforded not the least assistance; but to 
those who had a shift or a waistcoat, of which they could make 
plunder, these they laid hold Qf, and would even venture a little 
for the sake of what they had with them; but immediately upon 
their coming ashore the true motives of their conduct appeared; 
they stripped them of every thing, and unmercifully left them, 
without clothes or covering upon the open Beach, to the incle- 
mency of a cold rainy night in the end of November; and to such 
a pitch did their cruelty extend, that if any appeared unwilling tq 
part with their clothes, a dagger or stilletto was presented to their 
breast, and the unhappy Sufferer must either part with what he had, 
or with his life. 

When it began to turn dark, we made shift to kindle a fire with 
some pieces of the Wreck, and having picked up a piece of sail- 
cloth, which the ?Ioor did not think worth the carrying off, with 
it we made a small Tent, into which we crowded, and passed a 
most uncomfortable and tedious night, bewailiiig our own misfor* 
tunes, but more those of our Companions on Ship-board, who were 
exposed to the utmost danger, without having it in our power to 
give them the smallest assistance. 

Next morning, the 30th, the weather still continuing squally, 
we perceived our Ship had suffered greatly during the night. 
About six we came to the Shore, to afford what assistance vre could 
to such as should attempt swimming on Shore. It was now low 
water, and the People on board having finished a Raft, lowered it 
down, and fifteen got upon it; but it was soon overturned, and 
only three or four of the whole number were saved. 

While it was low water, a good many attempted to swim ashore ; 
many of whom perished, either by the waves, or upon the Rocks, 
However, one of those who had thq good fortune to reach tht 
Shore, brought along with him a small rope, which being made fa>f 

ffiol.XIV. j- F 



218 tDiiimr RELATION OF 

to a larger one on board, we hauled that on Shore, and made one 
end of it fast to the Rocks, while the other was made fast on board.. 
This happily proved the means of saving numbers, who, by warp- 
ing upon the rope, got safe to Shore, though many in attempting 
it wore washed oft' by the impetuous Surf, and perished. 

About twelve o'clock the Flood returned, and with it so high a 
Surf, that the rope was of no farther use. We on Shore now, for 
the first time, thought of taking a little sustenance: and having 
picked up some of our drowned Turkies, we broiled them, and 
made a hearty breakfast with a refreshing draught of good water, 
which we found a little way up the Country. We had just 
finished our repast, when the Moors came down in great numbers, 
and forced us down to the Shore, to assist them in bringing iron- 
bound casks, or other materials that came ashore from the Wreck. 
In this we were employed till about three, when we took another 
repast, and then went to the Rocks, to look after our People on 
board the Ship, and to assist them in getting on Shore. 

On coming down we found our Shipmates in a most deplorable 
condition. The high Surf had divided the Ship into three parts : 
the fore part was overset, with the *keei uppermost ; the middle 
part was driving every moment to pieces, and part of the poop, one 
piece of which, just as we got down, broke off, with thirty Men 
on it, only eight of whom g9t ashore, and these so much bruised 
on the Rocks, that we despaired of their recovery. 

The after part oi' the poop, and a small part of the dock, was 
the only part now above water, on which our Captain and a hun- 
dred and thirty more remained, expecting every moment to be their 
lat. And indeed scarce a wave passed without washing oii some, 
few or none of whom came alive on Shore. 

About four, the Tide, and with it the waves, began to fall ; and 
as the rope still remained fast, we Lad hopes that this would be 
the means of saving many. We frequently beckoned to the Cap- 
lain to take the rope, as we knew he could not swim: but he 
seemed resolved ro stay to the last. However, about five we saw 
lain venture down, along with an able Seaman, who endeavoured 
all he could to keep up his spirits, and assist him in warping. 
Happily he got so near, as to be able to lay hold of a small rope 
we threw to his assistance, at a time when, quite faint with 
ae and want ot" nourishment, he Mas no longer able to resist 
ftcfc of tiie wa.es, but had lost his hold of the great rope, 
ami must unavoidably have perished. We got him on Shore, and 
C u little rest and refreshment, he was able to walk up to the 



COR11ECT RELATION OT SIIIPWIIECKS. 21 D 

Tcut. In his way up, the Moors would have stripped him, but 
our People plucked up courage, ^and opposed them; upon which 
they thought proper to desist. 

After the Captain got on Shore, the rest of our People came 
very fast, many of whom got safe on Shore. When it began to 
turn dark, the Moors would not allow us to remain longer: but 
liaving sent to the Bashaw, he gave us liberty to return; which 
we did, with lighted torches, (o show our unhappy Shipmates we 
still were at hand to assist them. And indeed it hud the desired 
cfiect: for many, who otherwise would have remained on the 
Wreck, now took to the rope ; most of them got on Shore, though 
several, from the intense darkness of the night, whom in daylight 
we easily could have assisted, fell off and perished within a yard or 
two of us>j a circumstance perhaps as moving as any we had yet 
met with. 

About nine at night, finding no more would come ashore, we re- 
tired to our Tent, and about one the Ship went all to pieces, and be- 
tween thirty and forty Men, who still remained on board, were 
washed off arid perished. This we learned from one Man, who hap- 
pily was cast on Shore, aftc? being two hours tossed about upon a 
piece of the quarter-galley. In the morning we found the Shore 
covered with the Wreck, and the Moors were very busy in pick- 
ing up every thing that could be of any use to them. As for us, 
they would not allow us the smallest thing, except provisions, of 
which they allowed us to take as much as we pleased. This day 
we called a muster, and found the number saved amounted to 220 
in all, having lost 130 Men, among whom was our First Lieute- 
nant, the Captain of Marines, his Lieutenant, the Purser, Gunner, 
Carpenter, and several Midshipmen. 

Next day, Dec. '2, we had some prospect of better treatment, 
having received a letter from one Mr. Butler, at Saffy, Factor to 
the Danish African Company, desiring to know what Countrymen 
we were ; to which the Captain returned a very particular an-wer. 
By this Messenger we learned, that one of our Transports, ami a 
Bomb Tender, had likewise been Shipwrecked about three leagues 
(.o the northward of us, and that most of the People had happily 
escaped. 

By the interposition of Mr. Butler, we now received neossaries 
from Saffy; and on the fith, one Mr. Andrews, an Irish (k'ntle- 
man, carnc himself, and brought with him a Surgeon to dross our 
hurt People, several of whom were dreadfully bruised. He like- 
wise supplied our Men with blankets, ami some Moorish clothes, 
oJ" which we stood in the jrreai.es t need. 



'2C CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS; 

On the 7th -we had a message from the Emperor, with order! 
for the Country People to supply us with cattle, &c., which they 
accordingly did ; but so miserable, and in such bad case, that we 
could scarcely us them. At the same time, the Emperor testified 
his pleasure, that all the timbers, &c., of our Ships should be care- 
fully preser\ed for the use of his Ships of War. 

We remained on the Coast till the 10th; whettj by order of the 
Emperor, we set out for Morocco ; but not by the straight road, 
havin^ o.'ders to meet the Emperor, who was then on his return 
from Sallec. About noon we joined the Crews of the other Ship- 
tvmked Vessels, which made our number, including Officers, 
amount in all to 338. The Men were mounted on camels, and 
the Officers on horses. In this manner we travelled, according to 
the fashion of ihe Country, from Sun-rising to Sun-setting, without 
a halt; but this we did not look on as any great hardship, as our 
Men were pretty well recovered, and we had no want of liquor 
to refresh us, though we were often but ill served in provisions and 
other necessaries. 

On the 12th we got sight of tlic Emperor's Cavalcade; soori 
after which one Of the grand Officers,* a Relation of the Emperor, 
rame up, and obliged Captain Barton to write a letter to the 
(Governor of Gibraltar, to know whether Ilis Britannic Majesty 
would settle a Peace with him, as the former one was some time 
expired. After this we continued our march, without any thing 
material happening, except now and then little disturbances front 
the Moors, whose thievish disposition obliged us to be much upon 
Our guardj to protect the little we had left from being stoleri 
from us. 

On the 18th we entered the City of Morocco. The same day 
we had an audience of the Emperor, whom we found on horse- 
back, surrounded by five hundred of his Guards, in the Court 
before his Palace, the usual place of giving audience. Very little 
passed on either side, only we understood from the Emperor, that 
as he was neither at Peace nor War with England, he would 
detain us till an Ambassador should arrive to settle aftairs between 
the two Crow us; and having assigned us two houses to live in, 
we were dismiss tl. 

The habitation assigned for us was sufficiently large, but so full 
of dirt and vermin, that it cost us several days' hard labour before 
we ro;i!d make it tolerable. Here we lived pretty quietly, repair- 
ing our hui.ita'iou, n;ul linking clothes for ourselves, till the 26th; 
when an order from the Emperor came for all our Men to turn out 
to work like other Slaves, which they were all obliged to do, 



CQHRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 221 

txcept 'the Officers, the Sick, and a few who were left to cook 
for the rest. Their work was carrying wood for buildings, and 
weeding in the Emperor's Garden, at which they continued from 
seven m the morning till four in the afternoon. 

In justice, however, to the Emperor, we must acknowledge some 
pieces of civility that we received from him; the greatest of which 
was, the not obliging the Officers to work with the rest, a favour 
but very seldom granted. Our Captain received some particular 
marks of his favour, having been allowed to walk in the Palace- 
garden, and to ride out with any of- the Emperor's Officers, when 
he pleased. Hr likewise received from one of the Emperor's 
Wives (whose Grandfather Avas an Englishman) a present of 
tea, &c. t 

In our march, two or three of our People died of the bruisei 
which they had received in the Shipwreck; and on the 13th we 
lost Lieutenant Harrison, the commanding Officer of the Soldiers, 
who died suddenly in the Tent. 

The Crew of the Litchfield, and some other British Subjects, 
were subsequently ransomed Tor 170,000 hard dollars. The late 
Admiral (then Captain) Milbanke was the Ambassador who nego- 
tiated for their release. 



Narrative of Captain KENNEDY'S losing his Vessel at Sea, and his 
Distresses aftertsards, ay communicated to his Ozcners. 

WE sailed from Port Royal, in Jamaica, on the 21st day of 
December last, 1768, bound for Whitehaven; but the 23d day, 
having met with a hard Gale at north, we were obliged to lay-to 
under a fore-sail for the space of ten hours, which occasioned the 
Vessel to make more water than she could free with both Pumps. 
Under this situation we set sail, in hopes of being able to make 
the Island of Jamaica again, which from our reckoning we judged 
Jay about ten leagues to the eastward. But in les-s than an hour's 
time the water oversowed the lower cteck, and we could scarcely 
get into the Yawl (being thirteen in number) before th*e Vessel 
sunk ; having with much difficulty been able to take out only a keg 
containing about sixteen pounds of biscuit, ten pounds of cheese, 
and two bottles of wine; with which small pittance \v endeavoured 
to make the Land. But the Wind continuing to blow hard from 
the north, and the Sea running high, we were obliged, after an 
uasuccessful attempt of thre; 4 days, to bear away for Honduras", a* 



222 CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 

the Wind seemed to favour us for that course, and it being the only 
visible means we had of preserving our lives. On the seventh day 
we made Swan's Island; but being destitute of a quadrant, and 
other needful helps, we were uncertain what Land it was. "How* 
ever, we went on Shore, under the llattering hopes of finding some 
refreshments; but, to our unspeakable regret, and heavy disap- 
pointment, we only found a few quarts of brackish water in the hollow 
of a Hock, and a few wilks (periwinkles). Notwithstanding there 
was no human or visible prospect of finding water, or any other of 
the necessaries of life, it was with the utmost reluctance the People 
quitted the Island ; but being at length prevailed upon, with much 
difficulty, and through persuasive means, we embarked in the 
evening, with only six quarts of water, for the Bay of Honduras. 
Between the seventh and fourteenth days of our being in the Boat, 
we were most miraculously supported, and at a time when nature 
was almost exhausted, having nothing to eat or drink-. Yet the 
Almighty Author of our being furnished us with supplies, which, 
when seriously considered, not only served to display his benefi- 
cence, but fill the mind with admiration and wonder. Well may 
we cry out, with the Royal Wise Man " Lord, what is Man, 
that thou art mindful of him : or the Son of Man, that thon 
Tisitest him?" 

In the evening the wild Sea-fowls hovered over our heads, 
and lighted on our hands when held up to receive them. Of these 
our People ate the flesh and drank the blood, declaring it to be as 
palatable as new milk. 1 ate twice of the fles'i, and thought it 
very good. 

It may appear very remarkable, that though I neither tasted 
food nor drink for eight days, I did not feel the sensations of 
hunger or thirst; but on the fourteenth, in the evening, my 
drought often required me to gargle my mouth with salt water; 
and on the fifteenth it increased; when, happily for us, we made 
Land, which proved to be an Island called Ambugris, lying at a 
small distance from the main Land, and about fourteen leagues to 
tha northward of St. George's Quay, (where the White People 
reside), in the Bay of Honduras ; though the want of a q.uadrant 
and other necessaries left us still in suspense. We slept four 
nights on this Island, and every evening picked up wilks and 
conchs for next day's provision, embarking every morning, and 
towing along the Shore to the southward. On the first evening <n 
our arrival here we found a lake of fresh water, by which we lay 
all night, and near it buried one of our People* 



CORRECT RELATION OF SHIPWRECKS. 223 

On walking along the Shore we found a few cocoa-nuts, which 
were full of milk. The substance of the nuts we ate with the wilk^, 
instead of bread, thinking it a delicious repast, although eaten 
raw, having no implements whereby to kindle a fire. From 
the great support received from this shell-fish, I shall ever revere 
the name. 

On the third day after our arrival at this Island, we buried 
another of our People, Avhich, with four who died on the Passage, 
made six who perished though hunger and fatigue. 

On the fifth day after our arrival at Ambugris, we happily dis- 
covered a small Vessel at some distance, under sail, which we made 
for. In the evening got on board her ; and in a few hours 
(being the tenth of January) we arrived at St. George's Quay in 
a very languid state. 

I cannot conclude without making mention of the great advan- 
tage I received from soaking my clothes twice a day in salt water, 
and putting them on without wringing. 

It was a considerable time before I could make the People com- 
ply with this measure; though, from seeing the good effects it 
produced, they afterwards of their own accord practised it twice 
a day. To this discovery I may with justice impute the preserva- 
tion of my own life, and that of six other Persons, who must have 
perished but for its being put in use*. 

The hint was first communicated to ma from the perusal of a 
Treatise written by Dr. Lind, and which I thiuk ought to be com- 
monly understood and recommended to all 'Seafaring People. 

There is one very remarkable circumstance, and worthy of 
notice, which is, that we daily made the same quantity of urine 
as if we had drank moderately of any liquid ; which must be owing 
to a body of water being absorbed through the pores of the skin. 
The saline particles remaining in our clothing became incrusted by 
the heat of our bodies and that of the Sun, which cut and wounded 
our posteriors, and from the intense pain, rendered sitting very 
disagreeable. But we found, upon washing out the saline par- 
ticles, and frequently wetting our clothes without wringing (which 
we practised twice a day), the skin became well in a short time: 
and so very great advantage did we derive from this practice, that 
the violent drought went oil: the parched tongue was cured in a 



* This expedient has been many times resorted to, and has uniformly proved 
efficacious. The knowledge of so beneficial a circumstance cannot be too widely 
diffused. EDITOR. 



224 ' PLATE CLXXXTIJ. 

few minute* after bathing and washing our clothes ; at the same 
time we found ourselves as much refreshed as if we had received 
tome actual nourishment. 



PLATE CLXXXVII. 

ST. PETERSBURG. 

E City of St. Petersburg, in latitude 59 56' north, and Ion- 
-* gitude 30 25 cast from the meridian of Greenwich, was 
founded in the year 1703 by Peter the Great, at the eastern 
extremity of the Gulf of Finland, where the River Neva, gliding 
through a Morass by various Channels, discharges its waters into 
that Estuary: upon the southern Shore of the River, which is hero 
nearly as wide as the Thames at Westminster, Peter laid the 
foundation of his intended Northern Capital, by the erection of 
a number of wooden Huts. 

On an Island near the North Bank of the Neva, and nearly- 
opposite the Winter Palace, is situated the Fortress, begun 
likewise by Peter; its form is that of an oblong Square, with' five 
bastions faced with brick, communicating with the North Shore by- 
means of a draw-bridge, the head of which is strongly secured by 
a crown-work, with a deep and broad wet ditch. 

It is supposed that the construction of this Fortress cost the 
Founder the lives of 50,000 of his Subjects, exclusive of a great 
number of Swedish Prisoners, who fell Victims to famine, severe 
labour, and the nnwholesomeness of the spot. Within the Ram- 
parts are constructed the Arsenal, and Church of Sts. Peter and 
Paul. In the laticr are deposited the Remains of all the Russian 
Sovereigns, from Alexis Michaelou", the Father of Peter the 
Great, to Peter the Hid, with several Relatives of the Imperial 
Family; particularly the unfortunate Czarewitz Alexis. 

The Walls of this Church are entirely covered with Martial 
Trophies; such as Standards and Horse-tails, the Spoils of the 
Turks and Tartars ; with various Colours taken from the Swedes 
on the fatal day of Pultawa. 

In the Arsenal are seen several ancient Cannon, which, like 
those in the Tower of London, are formed by a certain number of 
iron bars strongly hooped together. It is likewise well stored 
with iron and brass Ordnance, and a great number of Firelocks, 
kept in excellent order. 

This Citadel also contains the Imperial Mint; near which, under 



PLATE CLXXXVJI. 225 

cover, .is kept the little Crand-.irc. a small Boat, being the first in 
which the Czar Peter ventured upon the water. 

St. Petersburg is composed of various divisions ; the principal 
of which, on the south Bank of the Nova, is called the Admiralty 
Quarter ; others on several Islands iurraed by its various Branches ; 
the whole enclosed by a Rampart about fourteen English Miles iu 
circumference. Those Divisions are joined by Bridges of Pontoons, 
which are obliged to be removed in the early pait of the U'inter 
Season, before the ice begins to accumulate in the River; but 
intercourse between the several parts is soon renewed by means of 
the fixed ice, which, during Whiter, is covered with sledges and 
carriages of all descriptions. It is likewise much enlivened by a 
constant market of frozen Venison, Bear Hams, and Game of all 
kinds, brought from a great distance. 

From its low a*id marshy situation, St. Petersburg is liable to 
frequent inundations, particularly in the month of September, 
'1777, when, in consequence of the pouring down of the inland 
Floods, and the rise of the waters in the Gulf of Finland, occa- 
sioned by a heavy Gale from the west, the whole City -was 
threatened with destruction ; the Neva rising near eleven feet 
above its usual level ; Torrents rushii;g through various streets to 
the depth of 4 feet, carrying away by their rapidity several Build- 
ings and Bridges. 

The Admiralty Quarter commences on the west, by an elegant 
range of Buildings, with Balconies, called the English Line, 
extending near a mile parallel with the River; bordered by a 
noble Quay and Parapet of Granite : this Line, with few excep- 
tions, is inhabited by the English Merchants, who live in a style 
of great elegance and hospitality. 

At the eastern extremity of this Line, in a large open space, is 
placed the celebrated Equestrian Statue, iiv bronze, of Peter the 
Great; it is of colossal size: the Monarch dressed in an Asiatic 
Robe, girt round his' waist with a sash, is seated on a bearskin; 
\vith his left hand he holds the bridle, his right arm is extended, 
in rather a stiff position, towards the Citadel; the inflexible 
severity which marked his character is strorgly expressed in his 
countenance. 

The Horse, formed with admirable spirit, appears ascending a 
precipice at full gallop: of coarse, the fore feet and bod) are 
entirely detached from the Pedestal, to which it is artf'iliy si cured 
by the flowing tail touching the ground, but invisibly boiiod into 
the Rock, to which it is further secured by its hind feet, crushing 

(Hoi. XIV. c a 



226 PLATE CLXXXVII. 

a serpent, in like manner being secured to (he Rock, which is an 
enormous rude mass of coarse Granite, of the weight of 1200 tons, 
brought from a Morass five miles from St. Petersburg, on a road 
formed by broad bars of iron, on which the ilock rolling on large 
cannon balls, was gently moved by means of capsterns (50 ?,Ien 
working upon it during the whole time.) to the Shore of the Neva, 
across which it was conveyed by means of a Vessel constructed for 
that purpose: the entire height of the Statue and Pedestal is -l.i 
feet from the ground. On the opposite side of ti.is place stands 
the octangular Church of St. Isaac; it was carried to a consider- 
able height with marble, but its foundation not being judged suf- 
ficient, it was finished by the late Emperor Paul with stuccoed 
brick. 

Occupying a considerable space of ground on the Bank of the 
River is situated the Admiralty, founded by Peter the Great. It 
is surrounded by a Rampart of Earth, and contains an Arsenal, 
Magazines, with Docks capable of receiving five capital Vessels, 
and an equal number of Frigates; but it is impossible to give an 
accurate description, as no stranger is permitted to enter it. 

The Winter Palace stands a little above the Admiralty. It is 
an enormous pile, with four fronts of different styles of architec- 
ture ; that towards the River being the most elegant. A large 
Building, called the Hermitage, is connected with the Palace by 
means of a covered Gallery on Arches, in this Building the late 
Empress always entertained her select Parties. 

Eastward from this is seen the Marble Palace, in which the 
late unfortunate King of Poland was permitted to end his days. 

Above, on the Banks of the River, are formed tin-. Summer 
Gardens, laid out in the Dutch style, and furnished with au 
amazing number of Statues and Busts, many of them exquisite 
antiques. 

The noble iron gates of those Gardens, towards the River, stand 
constantly open during the day. From the Admiralty Quarter, a 
long Bridge of Pontoons conducts us to the Island of Wasili 
OsterolF, or William's Island, a great part of which is laid out in 
a very regular manner, but the rest an entire waste. In this 
Quarter stands the Observatory, with a lofty octangular Tower, 
well furnished with astronomical instruments, made by Dollund 
and Ramsden of London. This Building contains, amongst other 
curiosities, a Globe, eleven feet in diameter, on the convex of 
which is represented the Geography of the terrestrial Sphere, 
according to the latest discoveries. The concave, into the centre of 
which a Person may be admitted, is painted a light azure, the con- 



PLAT'S CI.XXXTII. 227 

stellation.s of a deeper colour; and the stars, formed according to 
their different magnitudes, of bright studs of silver. Near the 
Observatory is placed the model of a wooden Bridge, of one arch, 
proposed to be thrown over the River Neva. The thought 
originated with an illiterate Russian Boor; as with such low Shores 
as the Neva, the ascent and descent would not only be inconvenient, 
but dangerous. This Bridge is contrived that the road across the 
River is made to hang by strong beams of timber from the crown, 
of the arch, and is carried on in an horizontal line not 16 feet from 
the surface of the water. The width of the arch, exclusive of the 
abutments., would be 980 feet, and from the summit of the crown 
168 feet to the surface of the River, but I very much doubt the 
practicability of carrying it into execution. 

The Ships of War, even First Rates, built at Petersburg, are 
brought over a long and narrow Bar, where is seldom more than 
nine feet water, by means of machines called Kammels. After 
being launched, the Vessel is placed in one of those machines, 
whose bottoms are flat, and, by means of numerous pumps, worked 
by as many Men as can stand together : the Kammel with its 
charge gradually rises so as to draw less water than is upon the 
Bar; in conveying them over which the greatest caution is nsed ; 
four cables being kept at a great degree of tension a-head, and as 
many a-stern; so that they being slacked and drawn in gradually, 
the movement is slow but certain ; yet this operation sometimes 
extends to near a week before the Vessels arrive in deep water, 
when the Kammel is sunk, and the Ship draws her proper draught. 
St. Petersburg is supposed to contain 130,000 Souls. 

N. B. The Range of Buildings on the right is the English 
Line; beyond those Buildings, where are seen a very tall Spire, 
and anchor Flag flying, the Admiralty ; at the extremity is situated 
the Winter Palace; a little below which is seei, the Bridge of 
Pontoons. 

The Buildings in shadow on the left are upon the Island 
Wasili Osteroff, or William's Island; off which are seen several of 
the Imperial Gallics. * 

A 74 gun Ship is placed in the Fore-gronnd, in the machine 
called a Kammel, bearing down (stern foremost, as they generally 
do) towards the Bar. 

In the Foreground, beyond the English Line on the right, are 
seen the Domes of the Cathedral, and those of a similar Church 
beyond it; and a little further, the upper part of the Marble 
Palace, built for Potemkin, and where the last King of Poland 
died. F. G. 



FIFTH REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS 
OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 

[Continued from page 148.] 

*E sliall, lastly? proceed to speak of the Receipt of the Wage? 
of Men dying on board Ships in the West India Trade, 
directed to be paid to the Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty by an 
Act of the 37th year of the Reign of His present Majesty, en- 
titled, " An Act for preventing the Desertion of Seamen from 
British Merchant Ships Trading to His Majesty's Colonies and 
Plantations in the West Indies ;" and by which a Duty has been 
imposed on the Sixpenny Office totally foreign to its original 
Institution ; namely, that of the Receipt of the Wages of all Seamen 
dying on the Voyage from any Port of Great Britain to and from 
any of the Colonies or Plantations in the West Indies, for the use 
of their Executors or Administrators ; but if not claimed by them 
within three years, are forfeited, and directed to be paid to the 
use of the Merchant Seamen's Hospitals, or, where none, to the 
Magistrates of the County, to be by them distributed among 
the old and disabled Seamen of the Port to which the Ship may 
belong. 

The Act imposing this duty on the Sixpenny Office having made 
no provision for defraying the expenses of the Collection, a corres- 
pondence took place between the Commissioners of the Sixpenny 
Office and the Lords of the Admiralty on the subject*, by whom 

* Receivers' Office to Greenwich Hospital, on Tower Hill, 
SIR, the lOth December, 1797". 

1 >Ye beg you will be pleased to acquaint the llight Honourable the Lords 
Commiss.il/iicrs of the Admiralty, that by the 7th and 8th Clauses of an Act ol 
Parliament (which is herewith enclosed) passed last Session, entitled " An Act 
for preventing the desertion of Seamen from British Merchant Ships' trading to 
His Majesty's Colonies and Plantations in the West Indies," a considerable 
branch of duty is attached to this Office, independent of and unconnected with 
the Royal Hospital at Greenwich, the execution whereof will be attended with 
many inconveniences, and greatly interrupt the established mode and business 
of this Office. For their Lordships more particular information, we beg leave to 
observe, that to accomplish a due performance of the 8th Clause of the Act, it 
rill be nccessan, after a limited time, to enter upon a correspondence, and- open 
Accounts, not only with the Magistrates of the County of Middlesex, but with 
the Magistrates of most of the principal Sea Port Towns in Great Britain, for the 
purpose of fulfilling the obligations expressed in the said Act, especially as from 
the best information we have been able to obtain, it doei not appear that Ho 



FIFTH REFORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS, &C. 229 

they were authorized to make the same allowance to the Deputy 
Receivers at the Out-Ports for the collection of this Money, as for 

pitals for the reception of decayed Seamen are established either at London 
or at any of the Out-Ports of Great Britain, the Ports of Whitby, Liverpool, 
and Scarborough, excepted, the Revenue raised for their support being generally- 
distributed in small monthly allowances, at the discretion of the Persons having 
the management of the Merchant Seamen's Fund, as alluded to in the 9th 
Clause of the said Act, and grounded on the Act of the 20th of George the 
Second. 

That it is reasonable to suppose, after a suitable time allowed for the opera- 
tion of the said Act, the applications from the Executors and Administrators 
of Seamen who may happen to die on their respective Voyages to and from 
the West Indies, will become numerous and intricate; that great care and 
circumspection will be required to adjust their several demands, and to guard 
against frauds and impositions, particularly at the Port of London, to which 
place by far the greatest part of the Ships employed in the West India Trade 
belong. 

That as the Receiver of the Greenwich Hospital Duty at every Sea Port in 
Grat Britain where a Custom-House is established, will become responsible 
equally with the Receiver at the Port of London, for the Monies he may from 
time to time receive, we apprehend it will be proper for us to furnish each 
Receiver with the Act of Parliament in which he is so much concerned, accom- 
panied with suitable directions for his conduct respecting it, several of whom hav 
already applied for instructions relative thereto. 

That as we conceive the amount of the Revenue arising from this Act will 
materially depend upon the authenticity and correctness of the Accounts or- 
dered by the 5th Clause of the Act to be delivered to the Collector or Comp- 
troller of the Port which such Ship employed in the West India Trade shall 
return to in Great Britain, we consider it as highly important that the said 
Account, or a Copy thereof, should be delivered into this Office as well as to the 
Deputy Receivers at the Out-Ports, in order that the Money which shall appear 
remaining due to deceased Seamen may be ascertained and complrolled by 
the Office appointed to receive it, within the time limited by the Act aforesaid. 

That as the Royal Hospital at Greenwich is not in any respect to be beiiefiled 
in its Revenue by virtue of the said Act, (the 9th Clause excepted), we conceive 
it will be necessary to open separate Accounts and Books for the due entry and 
appropriation of the Monies received, for the several purposes therein mentioned ; 
and in consequence thereof, the expense attending the same, particularly for 
stationary wares, printing, stamps, postage, allowances to Clerks for extra 
attendance and trouble, with other contingencies incident thereto, which may 
hereafter accrue, ought to be provided for, and which the Act now under con- 
sideration, so far as respects this Office, docs in no part authorize or allow. 

We therefore think it incumbent on us to offer these observations to their 
Lordships' considerations, and beg leave to suggest to their Lordships the pro- 
priety f causing the said Act, or such part thereof as relates to this Office, to be 
revised and amended during the present Session ; and either such alterations 
made therein as may tend to exonerate this Department from the obligation of a 
duty foreign to the original Establishment of it, by affixing it on the Persons 
appointed by the Act of the 20th of George the Second to receive the Merchant 



230 FIFTH REPORT OF THB 

the Sixpenny Duty, to be defrayed out of the Greenwich Hospital 
Revenue. 

Seamen's Fund, and to which this Duly is a proper Appendage; or that such 
power and authority may be vested in us, under their Lordships' sanction, as may 
eiinbh* us to carry the said Act into execution in a manner consonant to the 
design and intentions of it. 

\Ve oulv bc2 leave to add, that the penalties payable to Greenwich Hospital, 
prescribed by the 9th Clause of the Act, will be attended to by us, and the 
amount thereof accounted for in the Books of this Office in the usual manner. 

We are, Sir; , 
Your most obedient and most humble Servants, 

JOHN RASHLEIGH, 

To Evan Nepean, Esq., JOHN CLEYLAND, 

Secretary to the Admiralty. JOHN BEVERLEY. 

GEXTIEMEX, Admiralty Office, 9th January, 1798. 

Having laid before my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty your letter 
to me of the 20th of last month, relative to the additional Duty imposed upon 
your Office by the Act passed during the last Sessions of Parliament, for pre. 
venting the desertion of Seamen from British Merchant Ships, I am commanded 
by their Lordships to desire you will let me know the extent of the assistance 
which will be requisite to enable you to execute the provisions of the Act in 
question. 

I ani, Gentlemen, 

Your very humble Servant, 

To the Commissioners EVAN NEPEAN. 

of the Sixpenny Office, Tower Hilt. 



Receivers' Office for Greenwich Hospital, Tower Hili t 
SIR, 19th January, 1798. 

We have received your letter of the 9th instant, acquainting us of yonr having 
laid before the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty our letter of the 20th 
December last, relative to the additional Duty imposed on this Office by the 
Act passed during the last Session of 'Parliament, for preventing the deser- 
tion of Seamen from British Merchant Ships ; and that you were commanded 
by their Lordships to desire we would let you know the extent of the assistance 
vhich will be required to enable us to execute the provisions of the Act in 
question. 

We confess a diffidence in offering our opinion on an Act of Parliament, novel 
in itself, precarious in its operations, and dependent upon many accidental and 
unforeseen circumstances : we have, however, already taken the liberty, in our 
letter of the 20ih December last, of stating the difficulties which will probably 
attend the execution of it, the variety of correspondence necessary to be entered 
into, and the frauds and impositions likely to be practised on the Office \>y sun*- 
dry classes of People. These considerations induced us to urge the necessity of 
revising the said Act, in order to relieve this Department from a Duty foreign to 
the original Establishment of it, at the same time recommending it to their Lord- 
hipi to affix this Branch of Business on those Pcons appointed to receive the 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 231 

The Commissioners of the Sixpenny Office, very soon after the 
passing of the Act in 1797, reduced the Rate of Commission to 
five per cent., at the Ports of Liverpool and Bristol, owing to the 
great amount of their Receipts ; but at the other Ports it continues 
at twelve and a half per cent., except at the Port of London, where 
no Commission is charged. 

The Commission on the Receipt of the Wages of deceased Seamen 
is deducted bj the Deputy Receivers out of the Monies payable to 
Greenwich Hospital. 



Merchant Seamen's Fund, to which we conceive this Duty a proper Appendage ; 
but as their Lordships have thought proper, by your letter, to require an answer 
from us only with respect to the extent of the assistance required to enable us to 
execute the Provisions of the said Act, we beg leave to inform you, that the 
Clerks belonging lo this Office have attended the Board, and offered to under- 
take immediately, under our inspection, the management of the Duty required by 
the said Act ; and, in order to prevent any inconveniences arising from the 
clashing of the two Branches of Business with each other, have agreed to appro- 
priate certain hours, as may hereafter be found necessary, after the close of the 
usual Business, for the execution thereof; we therefore request you will acquaint 
their Lordships, that we approve their proposition, being persuaded that every 
attention will be paid by them to this additional part of Duty : we also beg leave 
to add, that in reward for their extra attendance,, we conceive an allowance of 
j[. 50 per annum, to be divided amongst them, will be only a moderate recom- 
pe-nce for their trouble. We recommend this measure to be adopted for three 
or four years only ; at the expiration of which time, we shall be enabled to 
determine on the nature and extent of the Duty required, what alterations may 
be necessary to be made, and whether this allowance to the Clerks be a sufficient 
compensation for their extra labour and attendance. 

We lament our inability to furnish you with an estimate of the expense likely 
to be incurred for stationary ware, printing, stamps, postage, and other incidental 
charges ; but request you will acquaint their Lordships, that the utmost economy 
.'-hall be used in the expenditure of every Article, and all unnecessary expenses 
carefully avoided. 

The Receivers of the Greenwich Hospital Duty at the Out-Ports still continue 
to repeat their applications to this Office, for our directions to them in what 
manner they are to govern themselves respecting the Act of Parliament now in 
question : we have hitherto waved giving any df cisive answer to their several 
qu^Uons, and shall continue so to do till we receive authority from their Lord- 
ihips ; but we conceive it necessary that the said Receivers should be put equally 
under the direction of this Office, with respect to the receipt of Money due to 
deceased Seamen, as they now are touching the receipt of the Greenwich Hospital 
Duty, with the usual allowance of two shillings and sixpence in the pound 
commission on the same ; the amount of which allowances, together with all other 
charges, we are humbly of opinion, must be deducted out of the Greenwich Hos- 
pital Revenue, being the only permanent Fund in our hands to answer the same, 
particularly as the whole of the money lo be received by virtue of the Act in 
question, is, by the Tenor of the Act, appropriated to certain purposes therein 



232 



FIFTH REPORT or THE 



The following is an Account of the Gross Sums collected since 
the passing of the Act; the Sums paid to the Representatives; the 
charge of Collection ; and the Amount distributed to the Merchant 
Seamen's Hospital-j. 









Sum deducted by 










Receivers at the 




YEATl 


Gross Sum 
Received. 


Sum paid to 
Executors and 
Administrators. 


Out Ports Irom the 
Sixpenny Duty, on 
Account of 
Commission on 


SUM 
distributed to 
Merchant 
Seamen's Hos- 








Receipt, and other 


pitals. 








Expenses. 







. s. d. 


j. t. d. 


. s. d. 


of- * <?. 


1798 


3,964 8 2i 


3,192 12 8J 


159 11 8 


612 3 10 


179P 


10,016 18 2 


7,f.K8 13 9 


391 9 1 


1,736 15 4 


1800 


13,771 13 5$ 


*1 !,<>;; I- 14 8 


560 11 





1801 


1:3,347 4 jj 


* 11, odd 7 10J 


435 15 11$ 





1 802 


13,232 3 2 


*n,:5ir 10 10J 


440 13 0$ 






Note. The Sums marked * were paid to the Executors and 
Administrators in the year in which they were received. As Pay. 
ments are making daily, the exact Balance cannot be ascertained 
until final distribution. 

expressed : we therefore pray you to lay this statement before their Lordships, 
and that you will move their Lordships to grant us an order, to authorize us t 
deduct (lie amount of the expenses attending this additional Branch ol Duty from 
the Receipts of the Hospital Money in our hands, and to take credit for the same 
in the Books of this (Mice accordingly. 

We are, Sir, 

Your most obedient Servants, 

JOHN RASIILEIGH. 

To Evan Ncpean, I.sq., JOHN CLEVLAND. 

Secretary to the Admiralty. JOHN BEVERLEY, 



GENTLEMEN, Admiralty Office, 2d February, 1798. 

Having laid before my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty your letter 
to me of the 19th of last month, stating the assistance which will be required to 
enable yon to execute the provisions of the Act lately passed for preventing the 
Desertion of Seamen from British Merchant Ships, I am commanded by their 
Lordships to acquaint you, that they are pleased to authorize you to cause an 
increase to be made to the salaries and allowances to the Clerks and Agents 
belonging to your Office, in the manner and to the amount mentioned in your 
letter, and to deduct the said additional expenses from the Receipts of the Hospital 
Money in your hands, and to take credit for the same in your Books in the manner 
you have proposed. 

I am, Gentlemen, 

Your very humble Servant, 

To the Commissioners EVAN 

f the Sirpenny Office, Tower Hill, 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL IXQL1UY. 233 

At the expiration of three years, when the unclaimed Wages 
become forfeited, the Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty has, previous 
to making distribution to the Merchant Seamen's Hospitals, 
deducted the Sum advanced out of the Greenwich Hospital Reve- 
nue for defraying the expense of the collection of the year for 
which the distribution is to be made; and although he has had 
no authority whatever for so doing, yet we cannot disapprove 
of the measure, as there was no other mode of repaying the Monies 
advanced, and as we conceive it never could have been the 
intention of the Legislature, that Greenwich Hospital should have 
been at the expense of collecting the Revenue of the Merchant 
Seamen's Hospitals. 

The Sums which have been deducted from the Sixpenny Duty, 
on account of the Commission on Dead Men's Wages to the 31st 
December 1802, have amounted to one thousand nine hundred and 
eighty. eight pounds and nine-pence, of which five hundred and 
fifty-one pounds and nine-pence have been repaid in the manner 
before stated, leaving a balance of one thousand four hundred and 
thirty-seven pounds due to Greenwich Hospital, being the amount 
of three years' Commission, which the Hospital must always be in 
advance, according to the system that has been adopted. 

There can be no sufficient reason why Greenwich Hospital should 
advance money, or be at any expense in collecting the Wages of 
Men d^ins, in the West India Trade, as it derives no advantage 
from it whatever; we therefore recommend that the Receiver of the 
Sixpenny Duty be authorized and directed to deduct the Sums that 
have been advanced from the first Monies that become payable to 
the Merchant Seamen's Hospitals; and, after Greenwich Hospital 
shall be repaid, that the Commission, and other necessary expen- 
les, on the receipt of Dead Men's Wages in the preceding year, be 
deducted out of the Monies payable in the beginning of the year 
tnsuing to the Merchant Seamen's Hospitals. 

We also recommend that the Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty be 
authorized to deduct a Commission of two ami a hall' per cent, upon. 
the Receipt of Dead Men's Wages in the Port of London, which 
will amount to about one hundred pounds a year; such Commission 
to be paid to Greenwich Hospital, to indemnify it for the expense 
of a Clerk, the greatest part of whose time must necessarily be 
occupied in transacting this Business. 

No notice whatever has been taken in the Accounts furnished 
by the Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty to Greenw ich Hospital, of 
the Sums which have been deducted from its Revenue on account 



&ton. ftoltXIV. H u 



234 FIFTH REPORT or THE COMMISSIONERS, &c. 

of the Commission on Dead Men'3 Wages, nor of the mode or 
time of its repayment; it has, as before stated, been deducted from- 
the amount of the Sixpenny Duty, and, when repaid at the end of 
three years, it has been carried to the Account of Greenwich 
Hospital under the Head of " Sixpenny Duty received in the Port 
of London." Although we believe that no improper motive has 
led to the keeping this transaction from the knowledge of the 
Directors of the Hospital, yet we hold it to be our duty to express 
our disapprobation of this mode of stating the accounts of the 
Sixpenny Office. 

The Sum of one hundred and nine pounds seventeen shillings 
and ten-peace has been collected, and remains in the hands of the 
Representative of the late Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty, on 
account of the Wages of Men dying on board Ships in the West 
India Trade, belonging to Ports in America and the West Indies. 
As the Act directs that the Wages which shall be unclaimed at the 
end of three years shall be paid to the Merchant Seamen's Hos- 
pitals of the Port where the Ship belongs, or, where none, to the; 
Magistrates of the County, to be distributed amongst the old 
and disabled Seamen of the Port, it does not appear to us to have 
been the intention of the Legislature, that such Money should 
hare been collected ; but, if it should remain unclaimed, we think 
It ought to be appropriated to repay Greenwich Hospital thr 
Monies that hare been advanced ou account of the Commission onr 
Dead Men's Wages. 

The Act directs, that the Accounts of the Wages of Men dying 
during the Voyage shall be delivered by the Masters, upon oath, 
within ten days from the Ship's arrival, to the Collector or 
Comptroller of the Customs, and that the amount shall be paid 
within three months to the Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty, who- 
has no authority to require a second affidavit from the Master. 

We are therefore of opinion, that the Collector or Comptroller's 
Clerk in the Port of London should transmit twice a week to 
the Sixpenny Office, a Report of Ships entered Imvards from the 
West Indies, containing an Account of the Sums sworn to by the 
several Masters as the amount of the Wages of Men who have 
died during the Voyage, for which the Sixpenny Office should 
make the Clcrfcr an adequate compensation. 

And as the time for paying over the amount of Dead Men's 
Wages to the Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty appears to us 
unnecessarily long, inasmuch as the Ship may be in the West 
Judics again before the time limited for the payment of the JMonej 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 2?5 

lias expired, we recommend its being shortened to one month from 
-the time of delivering the Account upon oath to the Collector or 
Comptroller of the Customs. 

[To be concluded in our next.] 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 

Karrafhe of a Voyage to BUAZIL, terminating in the Seizure of a 

British Vessel^ and the Imprisonment of the Author, $c. 

[Concluded from pace 153.] 

TV/TR. LTXDLEY arrived at Porto Seguro late in the 
evening of August the third, and was remanded to Prison, 
completely exhausted. The treatment which he had received 
was not ameliorated by the change, as appears by the following 
Extract from his Journal, August 5 to 1 1 : 

The Commission have certainly behaved to us very harshly in 
every instance; and exerted their authority to the utmost, to 
distress both our persons and feelings. On our imprisonment, 
they permitted us to take a small travelling trunk, which, unfor- 
tunately, contained my linen only ; and the several petitions I have 
since made for the trunk containing my Wife's clothes, have been 
entirely unattended to, or eluded. On the 7th I repeated my 
application, but have had no answer whatever. The same day, I 
was requested out to visit a sick person ; and returning, passed the 
dungeon where my unfortunate Sailors are confined : 1 went to 
speak, and condole with them ; when the Soldier who stands on 
guard over their gate rudely denied me, and declared he had an 
express order for that purpose. At a distance I saw the Linguist, 
and went to explain on the matter; but the Sentinel who attended 
me said, that all further intercourse with him also was prohibited, 
except in presence of the Commissioners. My Crew have had their 
bitter portion of severity. I have already noticed the scarcity they 
at first experienced, which has been remedied only in promises ; 
and had I not hitherto secretly contrived (at some risk) to convey 
them a little assistance in provisions and liquor, they never could 
have endured their horrid situation. Not content with half 
starving, one of them was cruelly beat for remonstrating on the 
subject; and two days ago, through some trifling dispute, their 
knives and razors were taken from them, a poor devil put into the 
stocks belonging to the dungeon, and a musket pointed down their 
itrap-door while this was transacting. 



236 VAVAL LITERATURE. 

The weather has been lately tempestuous to extreme, and a 
Vessel entered in consequence for shelter; the Owner ot which 
passed ray Prison window, and I recognised him for a Poitugiiese 
whom I had known before on the Coast. 1 instantly resolved on 
writing a packet for Europe, and sending it by this Stranger in 
preference to those around me. I have completed my de-ign with 
some difficulty, and most earnestly hope the letters will reach their 
destination. 

Sept. 16 to 21. The stir hourly increases as our departure 
approaches ; every face bears the mark of anxiety and inquisitive- 
ness for the moment; the reserve of the Prison is considerably 
abated, and the Sentinels are negligent, allowing me more liberty 
of conversation than J have enjoyed since my confinement. I pro- 
cured an intiTiifw with the Commission, and find we are to be 
conveyed in our own Brig. I again requested my trunk, and had 
a promise of its being restored previous to our Voyage. 

A Gent'emau residing near the Coroa Vermeil, a Harbour 
adjoining to Santa Cruz, gave me an account of a Boat arriving 
there, in extreme distress, with three Englishmen in it, whose 
Vessel had beeu lost near St. Helena; and who, alter a fifteen- 
days Voyage, without provision or water, reached this Shore in an 
exhausted and dying state. They received immediate relief; but 
before they were thoroughly recovered, they were marched to 
Porto Seguro, and thrown into the same Dungeon 1 once occupied, 
with the most unfeeling inhumanity, under pretence of its being 
doubtful what Countrymen they were. One of them soon expired 
under this additional calamity; the other two, more hardy, bor$ 
it for some weeks, when an order arrived from Bahia tor their 
immediate removal to that place. 

The Gentleman could not give me the name either of the Men 
or of the w recked Vessel*; and I wondered so interesting and 
recent a circumstance had never before been related to me. 1 had 
my doubts, which I mentioned to a friendly Ecclesiastic (the Vicar 
of Villa Verde), on his calling to bid me adieu, but he confirmed 
the whole account. 

-2(7. A Soldier brought us a bundle, containing four chemises 
of Mrs. Lindley's, which had been taken out of our trunk, and 
were sent her for the Voyage, without apology or explanation. 
Some days since, when the Commission promised me the trunk, I 

I have since tr.ken great pains to ascertain this, but without effect, farther 
than that one of the Survivors was Mate of the Vessel, and that they wc"e botH 
sent to Europe. 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 237 

urged, as a motive, my Wife's deficiency of linen, and they adopted 
this hipn'- ;MH! delicate expedient of supplying the want, instead of 
keeping vir word. 

23,7. The morning of departure arrived; a message early 
announced it, and caused a general bustle, in which I heartily 
joined, at the prospect of a change. About ten o'clock, Senr. 
Germane, a Clerk of the Commission, assembled the chief Pri- 
soners in the Council Hall, five-and-twenty in number; the 
Lieutenant and Troops were formed in front of the Prison, where 
we joined them, and were escorted to the house of the Minister 
Claud io, who, with the Officers of the Country Militia, and prin- 
cipal Inhabitants, waited to form a Procession, and embark us. 
The Minister and Militia Officers took the lead, in the midst of 
whom the State Prisoners indiscriminately marched, followed by 
the Clerks and other Officers of Justice, and after these followed 
my Crew, loaded with baggage, under the eye of a file of Soldiers ; 
the Prisoners from Carevellos then came, guarded by another file, 
while the rear was brought up by inferior Prisoners, other Troops, 
and an immense Rabble. 

Their sufferings however had not terminated : they anchored 
on the 26th, after a fine run, in the Bay of All Saints ; and 
about four o'clock on the 28th, a Serjeant, with a covered Barge, 
came to conduct them to a second imprisonment in the Fort de 
Mar, situated in the centre of the Bay. 

His order was so precipitate, that he hardly gave us time to get 
our few trifles into the Barge. During the Passage, he told us 
that our situation would now be far more tolerable, not only as we 
should enjoy the fin air of such an open situation, but that Mrs. 
Lindley, being no longer a Prisoner, would have opportunities of 
going into the City whenever she chose. This pleasing face of 
things raised our drooping spirits ; we passed the Sea-port of the 
Fort with alacrity, and walked to the Captain's house. We were 
a little struck with the coldness with which he received us ; but 
inconceivably more so, when he showed us the Dungeon of the 
Fort, and ordered our baggage to be brought there. Seeing the 
small rooms adjoining his House occupied by Officers, and others 
confined here, I thought it was perhaps a momentary arrangement, 
and I suffered the Serjeant to depart under that idea; but our 
baggage was no sooner deposited, than the Captain ordered us in, 
and a Soldier awaited at the door with an immense key to lock it. 
Jim-prised at these appearances, I requested Mrs. Lindley might 



JiAVAL 

pass to the Main, and remonstrate as early as possible respecting 
such usage ; but the Captain replied, that she was likewise included 
in his orders for strict confinement. My courage lor the moment 
forsook me, and ir.y Wife felt the most agonizing distress. We 
stood at tliu entrance of a dark vault, to which we could see no 
rml ; and the idea that tho doors were to be closed on us in such a 
place, drowned my poor Wife in tears ; she supplicated a better fate, 
but to no avail; she begged the trivial favour of the door remain, 
ing open for the evening only, and condescended 1 to follow the 
Captain with this entreaty; but it was talking to the Wind. 

During this scene I remained silent, in a state of stupefaction ; 
gloomy images filled my mind, and I thought we were now doomed 
to a miserable confinement, if not a worse fate. I was aroused 
from this stupor by the return of the Captain, who, producing the 
Governor's peremptory order, began harshly to insist on our 
entrance. I entreated my Wife to exert some fortitude, and calm 
her agitation, which by this time nad- arisen to so high a pitch, 
that I could scarcely support her trembling frame down the steps, 
which we had no sooner descended, than the door was closed upon, 
us, .and the massy bolt turned. 

My first endeavours were to sooth and 'console my dear Partner 
in aflliction, and reconcile her as much as possible to our horrid 
fate. In this I partly succeeded; and the first emotions having 
subsided, I left her to explore our new Prison. Through some 
apertures in the door a glimmering light was admitted, by which 
I saw that it consisted of a long arched vault, with a plank work 
on one side for the repose of itiy Inhabitants, on, which our baggage 
was loosely thrown: I shuddered at its damp walls as I passed to 
the further end, where the atmosphere was so dense and humid, I 
could scarcely breathe, and I hastened to regain, the better air near 
the door. Notwithstanding the apparent harshness of the Captain 
of the Fort (Sen. Joaquin Jozc Veloze), I thought he appeared 
concerned even at tho moment that he turned a deaf ear to my 
Wife; and this was confirmed by his presently returning, and 
advising me to write a recremento to the Governor on our 
miserable situation, offering me materials for doing it, and pro- 
mising it should be forwarded in the morning. I took his advice: 
I forcibly described our Prison and its humidity; I complained of 
being used as a Criminal or Murderer; I adverted to Mrs. 
Lindley, and asked, why a female was included in such severity ? 
observing, " that in this age of civilization it was contrary to th 
^agc of ail Nations, and the Countrywomen of his Excellency's 



NATAL LITERATURE. 23$ 

in Europe would have met with far different treatment." Finally, 
I requested a decent apartment, liberty of air and exercise, and the 
attendance of my servant. 

I accompanied this remonstrance with a corresponding one to 
the Commandant, Bras Cardozo, appealing to his feelings as a Man 
and a Husband; and mentioning, that if such severity was used to 
prevent my communicating with any one, I pledged my honour 
strictly to avoid it. After linishing my letters, the near approach 
of night suggested the necessity of making our bed, and arranging 
oar few moveables in the best way possible, which while we wer* 
doing on the plank-work I have mentioned, we had the satisfac- 
tion of seeing a servant approach with a lamp, oil, and a large jar 
of water; and the door was scarcely closed, before I was again, 
summoned to the grated hole by an Officer from the Governor, 
with money for my weekly allowance, at the rate of a crusado 
each per day, and another entire new lamp, with cotton for sup- 
plying it. These new appearances again depressed me, and took 
away the latent hope I had indulged from my written petitions. 

Night had now taken place, and by the lamp we discovered a 
new source of annoyance, that chilled us to the very heart; several 
centipedes were crawling on the walls, and a number of large spi- 
ders came out of their holes, that were apparently venomous, 
while an immense quantity of brown locusts (the same as the com~ 
mon ones in India, only larger) swarmed over the vault, flying 
against us in every direction, and dropping from its roof on our 
bodies. The plank-work and bedding were covered, but we had 
no remedy, and were fain to lie down in the midst of them. To 
sleep appeared impossible, and the more so from a number of rat* 
that chased each other, and were very noisy, in seeming resentment 
of our intrusion into their dismal abode: but in spite of all thes* 
inconveniences, the care and trouble of the day bore me down; I 
bent to my bitter destiny, and towards midnight closed my weary 
eyelids. Mrs. L. was not so fortunate ; in half-slumbers, weary 
dozes, and frightful dreams, she passed the night, and arose in a. 
slight fever. 

Sept. 29. When I awoke, a few scattered Sun-beams entered! 
our grating. I roze in rather better spirits, but I found my breast 
oppressed with breathing the foul air, and I felt a headache and 
dizziness. After a slight refreshment, the rays of light becoming 
stronger, I was tempted to a more accurate survey of the Dun- 
geon. It was far below the level of the Fort; the door was com- 
posed of hea?y timber^ plated iaside and outside with iron bar* 



.c.v,.igly bolted through the whole; and adjoining the door, the 
wall in front of the arch was six feet in thickness. Entering th0 
door, three steps led to the vault, which was about fifty icct long, 
nine broad, and the same in height; the plank- work extended 
thirty feet, a narrow passage running along one side- to the end of 
this work., where the vault was left to its full space for some yards, 
terminating apparently in the centre of the Tower. Beyond its 
termination was a dark arched recess, in which a large hole led to 
the Sea beneath : a door closed the entrance to this recess ; on 
opening of which, such a variety of vermin appeared, that I soon 
closed it again, in shuddering. The Dungeon was so damp in 
every part, that we could already feel it on our clothes and 
bedding. We certainly cannot exist long in this situation, and we 
only look to a merciful Providence for relief. 

The Serjeant who had carried my letters returned about eleven, 
with information, that the Governo; had sent my letter for trans- 
lation, but the Commandant Bras Cardozo was not at home. He 
had scarcely finished his report, when we were most agrevably 
surprised by seeing the Commandant himself enter, with two 
orderly Serjeants, and pass to Captain Velozo's house: he almost 
instantly returned; when the door flew open, and he led us out of 
the horrid vault. 

After going through a farce of justice, and a mock valuation 
of the Cargo of his Brig, Mr. Lindley still continued a Pri- 
soner, with a partial liberty, until the 3d of December, though 
his Crew were released, and tuned adrift on the 15th of 
November. His Papers, however, were detained long after- 
wards. On the 12th of January, 1803, he had the happiness 
f seeing the British Flag displayed in the Bay. 

It was from a private India Ship; the Triton, Captain Anstiss. 
I went on board, and was received in the most friendly way by 
the Captain, who accommodated me vi*h the news of the day, 
which I have so long and ardently desired: I continued to a late 
hour, enjoying this novel treat ; and feel myself absolutely revivified 
by the long- lost indulgence of society. 

Five Gentlemen of respectability, among whom were a Captain 
and a Lieutenant of Infantry, also paid a friendly visit to Captain 
Anstiss on Friday last ; which being reported to the Governor, 
he instantly ordered their arrest and confinement. This measure 
took place yesterday, together with the arrest also of the Lieu- 



NAVAL LITERATUUE. 241 

tenant of the Guard-boat on duty at the time of the visit. Positive 
orders were likewise issued, that no Inhabitant should be admitted 
on board, or Boats alongside, the Triton. In consequence, some 
Ship Carpenters going on board this morning with a Ta^s fiom the 
Intendant ol Marine (or Port Admiral), were stupt by the Guard- 
boat ai;d compelled to r.'.turn. 

18. I advised Captain Anstiis to make immediate application 
to the Governor, and accompanied him in the character of Lin. 
gnist. His Excellency received us with every mark of politeness, 
and excused the severity by particular orders which he had from 
his Court on tha^ head; referring us, respecting the Carpenters, to 
the Intendant of Marine. We wont to that Officer, who said that 
common Carpentevs were not sufficient to examine the Vessel's 
damage, and there must be a survey of the Triton by the Officers 
of the Dock-yard. 

19. These Officers accordingly attended in great form: and 
reported that the Ship had sprung a leak in her bows, in a place so 
concealed by timbers, that it was impossible to repair it without 
unloading the Vessel. 

20. Captain Anstiss obtained his certificate of survey ; and was 
directed by the Intendant to address the Governor (by petition) 
for leave to unloadj repair ? and sell part of the Cargo to pay the 
expenses. 

21. The good porter and cheese 6n board the Triton (articles 
to which we have been so long strangers), tempted me to request of 
the Governor permission to land a small quantity of each, not 
wishing to infringe his strict regulations : but the matter was so 
great an object to the Revenue and Government of Bahia, that my 
request was refused. 

In the evening walked with Captain Anstiss to visit the new 
Prisoners mentioned in my Journal of the 17th, who are confined 
in the Council-room of the Barracks. We found them very com- 
fortably accommodated, and surrounded with friends, consisting of 
the gentcelest Inhabitants of the place; among Vhom was a Priest 
of the City, a Musical Composer, who sung his own strains to a 
guitar, while wit, laughter, and wine, abounded: they made light 
of their confinement; and the moments passed so agreeably, that i 
left them wu.; reluctance. 

22. Captain Anstiss received for answer to his petition of 
20th, that he might unload under the immediate superintendance 
and inspection of the Guard dt Mor, and a Clerk of the Custom. 
Hou^e: but the liberty of selling to liquidate his expenses could 

JSab. <zr$rcn, ffloI.XIV. 1 1 



242 NAT.vr. LITERATURE. 



not be granted ; a new order having lately arrived from Lisbon, 
that in these cases a sufficient quantity of goods must be taken from 
the Ves^l or Vessels, and sent to Lisbon for sale; out of \vhich 
the original debt, freight to Europe, and expense of sales, are to 
be deducted, and the overplus (if any) returned to the Owners in 
London or elsewhere. 

Such is the assistance which our faithful Allies of Portugal give 
to our Commerce; and such the Hospitality to be expected by 
unfortunate Vessels in distress who seek their Shores, if unhappily 
they have not letters of credit, which in this distant part oi Ame- 
rica few are provided with. 

Not content with taking immense sums for Port-charges, and 
having six Custom-IIouse Officers constantly on board, besides 
other impositions; they now have adopted this new mode of dis- 
tress, to injure the unhappy Stranger. 

Captain Anstiss remonstrated against this answer in vain ; and 
then requested that a Vessel might be sent to unload the Triton, 
which the Intendant faithfully promised for the 24th. 

23. A small Brig Whaler, the Vigilance, of London, entered 
the 18th for repairs. The Master, however, finding what kind of 
a place he was in, hurried his business, and in an incomplete state 
was ready for Sea this morning, but unprepared to pay the charge 
already incurred ; the Vessel was therefore detained, although he 
wanted a triHe only of completing the sum. I had the pleasure 
of seeing him out of their power before evening. 

24. The Intendant made the most paltry excuse, on application 
for the promised Vessel; and finally said, none was to be procured. 
Captain Anstks, much hurt, declared he could not submit to fur- 
ther delay ; but would take a few Workmen, and repair his Ship 
in the best manner her present situation admitted ; requesting a' 
Pass for the purpose, which the Intendant granted. 

2-*>. The Boats with the Workmen arrived alongside the Tri- 
ton, having an Intendant's Pass, countersigned by the Governor, 
which they produced to the Lieutenant of the Guard-boat, who 
permitted them to go on board. They were, however, still pre- 
vented, by the Custom-House Officers, till they should obtain the 
permission also of the Provcdore of the Custom-IIouse. Captain 
Anstiss was justly exasperated; being thus no forwarder, after 
encountering immense difficulties, and continuing thirteen days, 
than on his arrival. He came on Shore; and with some further 
trouble we obtained the leave of the Frovedore, and the Carpen- 
ters began their work. 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 243 

I hare been tediously particular in daily detailing this affair, in 
order to inform those who may touch at Brazil, -what they may 
expect, if not provided against such difficulties beforehand. 

Wearied out, and alarmed by the news lhat War had recom- 
menced between England and France, Mr. Liudley was at 
length induced to make his escape, which he effected at con- 
siderable risk and difficulty, on the 5th of August, 1803. 

We are unable to make any further Extracts from this inte- 
resting and curious Narrative, which abounds with anecdotes. 
The description of the Provinces of Porto Seguro, (page 213), 
and of Saint Salvadbre, (page 233), will afford the Reader con- 
siderable information. The following very useful Table of 
Latitudes and Longitudes of the Brazilian Ports, from the Line 
to the River Plate, will prove of great service to Geography., 
and give an additional value to Mr. Lindley's Publication. 

TABLE OF LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE. 

D. M. S. I). M. S. 

City of Bclim, on the river Grao Para, or Amazons .... 1 SO OS. 48 30 

Point of Tegioca 27 . 48 8 

Villa Cahcte 36 . 46 50 

Isle of St. John Evangelist 117 . 44 14 

Island Maranhao 2 32 . 43 40 

Rio Parnaiba 2 40 . 41 20 

Siera 331 . 38 23 

Cape San Rocque 5 7 . 36 15 

Rio Grande 517 . "86 5 

Barra do Paraiba dc Nord r 640 . 35 30 

City Olinda 8 2 . 35 15 

Recife, or port of Olinda and Pernumbucco 8 14 . ,;.j 15 

Cape San Augustine .1 826 . 3515 

Port and villa Alagoas ,. 955 . 3641 

Rio San Francisco do Nord 10 58 . 37 

Bio Real 11^8 . 37 40 3 

Bahia, or San Salvadorc 13 . 39 25 

Morro de San Paul lo 30 . 39 55 

Punta dos Castellianos 14 . 4O 

Os Ilhcos, or the Isles 14 45 . 40 7 

Porto Seguro 16 40 . 40 12 

Rio Carevellos 18 00 . 40 22 

Banks of the Abrolhos ."...18 . 38 50 

Rio Doce 19 33 . 40 C6 

Espinto Santo : 2013 . 40 30 O 

Paraiba do Sul or Campos 21 37 , 40 33 



244 NATAL L1TK1ATURE. 

D. M. 8. . M. f. 

Cape San Thome ................................. 2151 : 4049 

Capeftio ....................................... ' 2 ^ 4l 3 - s 

R .; . ; ro ............. ? .................... ? 54 10 . 49394.5 

Ii, : . -J.a:,:le ........................... ...... *322 . 4 W " 

Ilha <:r St. .-cbastiun ............................ -^45 . 44 i 8 

Santos ......................................... 24 . 4516.0 

Ijroape .......................................... 9434 . 46 " 

Cman<-a ........................................ 2453 . 47" 7 

Tajnooera ................................. ..... 2644 . 47 M 

Rio S;m l'r;iiv:i, :o 0.^ Su! .......................... 26 . 47 42 

Eiueadas do Garoupas ............................ 27 10 . 47 47 

36 ( 



Island Santa Catherine ............................ 27 40 o 

S.r'.47 43 
Rio do Lagoa or Grande ........................... 28 46 . 47 46 O 

Ararangua ...................................... 2911 . 48 5 O 

Immediate north point of river Plato or Punta de Este ; 

aUo entrance into Maldaaado ..................... 34 57 30 . 54 43 30 

^E.P'.S't 31 30 
Island of Lobos .................................. 35 1 

W.P.54 35 
North Point ..................... 35 10 OE.P : .55 40 45 



I North Poi 
EngUsh Bank j ^^ po 



Monte Video .................................... 34 55 . 56 4 

Buenos A\ res ................................... 34 37 . 58 13 

South point of the river, or ban Anthony ............. 36 23 . 56 32 30 



NAVAL AND MILITARY LITERATURE. 

Principles and Practice of Naval and Military Courts Martial, 
Kith an Appendix illu traiire of the Subject. By JOHN 
M'AKIHCR, ,></., late Secretary to Admiral Lord I'i^count 
HOOD, t^c., officiating Judge Advocate at various Nai^al Courts 
Martial during the American tVar, and Author of " Financial 
and Political Fact, 1 ! tf the eighteenth and present Century" 
The second Edition, on an c;itire new Plan, with considerable 
Additions and Improvements. 2 vol. hvo. 1805. 

r TjT'ITLj proiV<;frd object of this Publication, the Author informs us 
-^ in h'.s Preface, is, to deliver in a clear and methodical man- 
ner tbv principles and practice of Naval and Military Courts 
Martial; and in the prosecution of this task he has sedulously 
arranged, from the old and new materials in his possession, the two 
Systems of Naval and Military Jurisprudence now offered to the 
Public: ; wherein it has been his endeayour to exhibit parallel 
superstructures, in order that their discordance and analogy, the 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 245 

proportions of the one to the o her, and their comparative merits 
and delects, may be compared aad ascertained. 

The Author has likewise in many instances illustrated the princi- 
ples and practice of Con r's Ma'- 1 ' il, by i:he Common and Statute Law 
of England, as well as by the p u -; ice of Civil and Criminal Courts 
of Judicature. He has enlarged -on iderably on the rules and 
doctrine of Evidence, and ciud a variety of new cases on this 
important Branch of Jurisprudence. In all doubtful cases the 
best h-gal Authorities, and the Works of every Writer on Martial 
or Military Law, have beers scrupulously consulted, that the 
inferences or conclusions might convey decision to the mind of the 
Reader. The Author has ventured to give no decided opinion 
himself, unless where it has been the result of much research, and 
from a thorough conviction of its being founded on incontrovertible 
principles of law, and the inimitable principles of justice, or sup- 
ported and confirmed by the a thority of eminent Counsel. At 
the same time he has anxiously studied to avoid leaving any topic 
touched upon in a doubti'ul state, or iiis meaning subject to vague 
definitions and constructions, from a want of explicitness in hjs mode 
of expression. 

The professed objects Mr. M'Arthur had in view, are in this 
performance most fully accomplished; and whatever relates to 
JVdval and Military Law has been explained aud illustrated with 
great ability and perspicuity. 

The Work is com prised in two thick octavo Volumes; each Volume 
contains si:. Chapters, with an Appendix of useful documents and 
precedents, also the opinions of eminent Counsel, and of the Judge 1 
Advocate General, on remarkable Cases in both Services ; to the 
second Volume is added a chronological list of the principal Trials 
by Naval Courts Mar'ial since the year 1750; exhibiting a scale 
ol .Military crimes and punishments, from which such Courts may 
in future derive much assistance in proportioning punishments to 
offences: and a most copious and well-digested general Index is 
given to the whole Work. 

In the first Chapter of Volume I, Mr. M 4 Arthur treats of Law* 
in general ; and were it not for the sake of the methodical arrange- 
ment adopted by our Author in preparing his Readers for thfe 
matter in his subsequent Chapters, and in illustrating his subject, 
we are of opinion that this Chapter might have been entirely 
omitted, althoijgh it contains many sensible observations. 

In the second Chapter the Author treats of the origin of Courts 
Martialj and the authority by which they are constituted. In 



246 NATAL LlTERATCnt. 

this he takes a retrospective glance of the early part of our His. 
tory, giving an account of the Court of Chivalry, and Marshals 
Court. He enumerates the several Statutes since the Restoration, 
relating to the Government of His Majesty's Ships, Vessels, and 
Forces by Sea, and the authorities by -winch Naval Courts Martial 
are instituted. He notices the circumstances which gave rise to 
the first Mutiny Act in the early part of the Reign of William and 
Mary, (1689), and enumerates the several alterations aad amend. 
ments that have been made from time to time to the iMutiny Act. 
He takes a comparative view of the institutions regelating Courts 
Martial in both Services, and makes many judicious observations 
thereon. 

In the third Chapter our Antbor considers the fundamental 
Laws by which Naval and Military Courts Martial arc governed, 
and has classed with great perspicuity the offences comm-ehcnded 
in the Naval and Military Articles of War under the four follow- 
ing general heads, interspersed with many proiound observa- 
tions. 

1st. Those that are immediately against God and Religion: 
2dly, Such as affect the executive power of the State, or infer a 
criminal neglect of the established articles and rules of discipline of 
His Majesty's Service: 3dly, Such as violate or transgress the 
rights and duties which are owing to Individuals or fellow Sub- 
jects: and 4thly, Oft'ences in themselves strictly Military, and 
such as are peculiarly the object of Martial Law. 

The fourth Chapter of this Volume relates to Naval and Military 
Courts of Inquiry, as established by the usage of both Services ; 
and as they are not, strictly -speaking, sanctioned by Law, and 
have been regarded by many Naval and Military Men as arbitrary,, 
and of ambiguous authority, he has urged strong reasoning to 
obviate the animadversions that have heretofore been made to the 
prejudice of Courts of this nature, and has clearly proved their 
great utility to both Services. As it would exceed our prescribed 
limits to give copious Extracts of the Author's observations on this 
head, we must reluctantly content ourselves to give only the 
following paragraph as a specimen, assuring our Readers that 
they will be much gratified by an attentive perusal of the whole 
Work. 

" VVhen we consider the King as the Supreme Magistrate of 
the Kingdom, and vested with the executive power of the Law as 
Generalissimo, or first in Military Command, and as having the 
sole power of raising Fleets and Armies, he appears ex offitio to 



VAYA.L LITERATURE. 247 

possess an undubitable authority to appoint Courts of Inquiry, 
where it may be necessary to examine into* the conduct of Indivi- 
duals, and ascertain what justifiable grounds there may be for 
bringing Transgressors to trial by the formality of a Court Mar- 
tial. And it cannot escape the Reader how close an analogy this 
Court bears to the institution of our Grand Jury; and since it is 
established for the same purpose as this much applauded part of 
our Constitution, it seems entitled to our warmest commen- 
dation." 

In the fifth Chapter Mr. M< Arthur treats of Naval Court* 
Martial, and of General Regimental Garrison and Detachment 
Courts Martial as at present established in both Services. In this 
Chapter he has introduced a variety of interesting Cases, and much 
legal information. 

In the sixth or last Chapter of this Volume he gives in detail the 
duties of a Naval or Military Judge Advocate, or Deputy Judge 
Advocate, as sanctioned and authorized by Act of Parliament, and 
the general printed instructions, by the Mutiny Act and Military 
Articles of War, and as confirmed by the opinions of Counsel at 
different periods. These duties the Author has clearly explained 
and satisfactorily demonstrated, inasmuch that any Civilian or 
Officer could, on a reference to our Author's observations, and the 
precedents illustrative of them, have no difficulty in officiating as 
Judge Advocate at either a Naval or Military Court Martial, 
He has therefore in this very useful performance done a most 
essential service to the Public, by removing difficulties which he 
himself had experienced in practice; and has so fully explained 
all doubtful or ambiguous points of Naval or Military Law, 
that they may now be perfectly understood by the meanest 
capacity. 

Mr. M l Arthur in the second Volume of this Work more par- 

* 

ticularly enters into a detail of the practice of Courts Martial; the 
first Volume relating more especially to the fundamental Laws and 
principles of such Courts. In prosecuting this part of his under- 
taking, this Volume is also, like the fust, divided into six Chap- 
ters, in which every necessary article of information is delivered in 
a clear and comprehensive manner, ' : conveying decision to the 
minds of his Readers :" and as he has in his Preface very justly 
observed, " no topic touched upon has been left in a doubtful 
state, or his meaning subject to vague definitions and constructions, 
from a want of explicitness in his mode of expression." In the 
Chapter of Volume II, our Author treats of charges or atcu 



$,fg NAVAL tTTERATtRt. 

sations ; of the arrest of Offenders, and the form of procedure pre- 
paratory to Trial. In delivering his observations on the necessity 
of attending to the proper forms, and the wording of letters of 
accusation or charg: s, he concludes with the following sensible 

remarks: " We have instances daily of the technical forms of 

our Criminal Laws sheltering Delinquents from punishment, and 
saving them from the penal consequences of their crimes. Thus 
we perceive tho ends of justice may be sometimes partially defeated 
by the forms of Law, when opposed to its substance ; yet they are 
s'o blended and interwoven with substantial justice itself, that forms 
of Law cannot be violated without ultimately injuring and perhaps 
destroying the whole texture of our Criminal Jurisprudence; and 
although the Individual guilty may occasionally escape, yet, by a 
rigid adherence to established forms, public happiness and security 
are elfectually secured.'' 

In the second Chapter, Vol. II, the Author treats of the forms 
of procedure in assembling and constituting a Court Martial; 
arraignment of the Prisoner; pleas in bar of Trial; and compe- 
tency of Witnesses. In this Chapter, as welt as the subsequent one, 
he has introduced a fund of legal information, and a variety of 
curious and interesting cases illustrative of his Subjects. 

In the third Chapter of this Volume the Author enters into a 
minute detail of the rules and doctrine of evidence, arid introduces 
a variety of cases illustrative of this important Branch of Juris- 
prudence. This Chapter is the lou^c-i in the Bool;, containing no 
less than 106 pages ; and with due ileiere::; -i: to the Author's mode, 
of arranging and dividing his Work, we think, that from the 
variety and extent of matter in this Chapt. ., it mighl nith great 
propriety have been made into f> ,.o distinct Chapters: the one 
containing, in the order given, the several rules respecting the com- 
petency and credibility of Evidence ; i'ac oaths administered to 
Witnesses of every Nation and Religion; definitions of parole and 
written Evidence ; number of Witnesses necessary to convict; the 
several rules relating to verbal confessions, hearsay, similitude 
of hand writing, written papers, positive and presumptive Evi- 
dence, &c. The other Division might have comprehended out 
Author's rules and observations on the admission of Jurors, Judges, 
or Prosecutors on evidence; how the credit of Witnesses are to be 
impeached; the rules relating to Counsel, Agents, or other Per- 
sons interested with the secrets of a Prisoner; rules concerning 
King's Evidence and Accomplices; the rules of Prisoners on the 
ame Trial, if acquitted, being competent to give evidence in favow 



NAVAL LITERATUflE. 219 

the other Prisoners, and the variely of Cases with which this 
branch of his subject is interspersed. 

'In the fourth Chapter of Volume II he treats of judging of the 
guilt of crimes in general, and of Principals and Accessories, In 
the fifth Chapter he considers more particularly of the guilt of 
Naval and Military crimes, and passing Sentence ; and in the last 
Chapter of this Volume he treats of the remitting of punishment, 
pardon, and execution. The Author introduces into these Chap- 
ters a concise classification of the Naval and Military Articles of 
War, enumerating them under different heads, and contrasting 
and comparing those that inflict the punishment of death without 
any alternative, then those that adjudge either death or a discre- 
tionary punishment, and those that inflict the punishment of 
cashiering, or dismissal from His Majesty's Service, &c. 

The Author has, throughout the performance before us, not only 
introduced much legal information, and enumerated a variety of 
interesting Cases, but he has occasionally illustrated the subject he 
treats of by curious facts and examples drawn from ancient and 
modern History, thereby rendering it a most interesting and useful 
performance to Naval and Military Men, as well as acceptable to 
the Profession of the Law, and to many Individuals who may not 
be connected with either the Naval, Military, or Law Professions. 



(The following Articles zee re sent too late for insertion in 
proper place.) 

TO the KING'S Most Excellent Majesty in Council, the 
Humble Petition of ABRAHAM OAKLAND, Lieutenant in 
His Majesty's Navy. 

HOWETH, 

THAT your Petitioner regularly served his Time, and 
passed his examination for a Lieutenant on the 6th of June, 1.S04, 
and returned to ills Majesty's Ship Penelope, Captain W. R. 
Broughton, Senior Officer of His Majesty's Ships and Vessels off 
Flushing, and continued as Master's Mate on board the said Ship 
until the 3 1st August, 1804, on which day he was appointed 
acting Lieutenant (in the room of Lieutenant HenryBudd, sent to 
Sick Quarters) on board His Majesty's Sloop Cruiser, Captain 
John Hancock, by virtue of an order from Captain Broughton, of 
that date. 

IBafr. e$ron. OoUXIV. K K. 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 

That on the 24th of October, 1804, your Petitioner volunteered 1 
his Services with a Party of Seamen and Marines, to recover His 
Majesty's Gun-brig Conflict, then in the possession of the Enemy 
on the Beach near the Town of Nieuport; in the prosecution of 
which Service (under the directions of Captain Hancock) he had 
the misfortune to lose his right Leg by a shell from the Enemies' 
Batteries on Shore, and suffered Amputation above the Knee, on 
board His Majesty's said Sloop Cruiser ; after which your 
Petitioner was taken to the Royal Hospital at Deal, and was dis- 
charged from thence in Jauuary last. 

That on the 12th of the last-mentioned month, the Lords Com. 
missioners of the Admiralty were pleased (in consideration of his 
Services and of his misfortune) to grant your Petitioner a Com- 
mission as a Lieutenant. 

Your Petitioner most humbly begs leave to refer for his Charac- 
ter and general good conduct to the Letters written in his favour 
to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty by Captain Brough- 
ton, and by Captain Hancock, previous to the, misfortune of the 
loss of his Leg : and also to the public Letter written by Captain 
Hancock cm the 24th of October, 1804, in which the Services of 
your Petitioner on that occasion are fully detailed. 

Your Petitioner therefore most humbly prays, that, under 
the circumstances of his Case, he. may have the same 
Pension granted to him as it has been usual to grant to 
Lieutenants who had their Commissions at the time they 
met with similar accidents, and to commence from the time 
of receiving his Wound, your Petitioner having been 
appointed to act in a Vacancy, and in every respect 
entitled to the Pay, Prize Money, and all other Emoluments 
derivable from the situation of a Lieutenant, and amenable 
for all the consequences attached to that situation, the 
same as if he had acted under a Commission. 

And your Petitioner, as in duty bound, will everpray. 

Xo. 6, Great East Clieap, ABRAHAM GARLAND. 

21<t March, 1805. 

SIR ROBERT C ALDER. 

(From the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE/MI- August 1805.) 
SOME imperfect and erroneous statements having lately appeared 
in the public prints respecting the Family of Sir Robert Calder, 
we offer our Readers the following account, which may be depended 
on, as drawn up from authentic sourcei. 



NAVAL POKTRY. 251 

Robert Calder, of Asswanlic, in the County of Aberdeen, hud, 
besides his Son George, who succeeded to the Lands ot' Asswanlie 
in 16*25. another Soil, James, who married Margaret Gordon. 
Their Son, Thomas Calder, of Sheriff Miln, near Elgin, married 
Magdaline Sutherland, and had Issue by her, James, William, and 
Harriet. James married Grizel, Daughter of Sir Robert Innes, 
cf Innes. In November 1G8G, James, at that time Laird of 
Muirtoune, %\as created a Knigkt Baronet of fhe Kingdom of 
Scotland. In 1711, his eldest Son, Sir Thomas, was married to 
Christian, Daughter of Sir John Scott, of Ancrum. James, the 
oldest Son by this Marriage of Sir Thomas Calder by Dame Chris- 
tian his Wife, wedded Alice, youngest Daughter and Coheiress of 
Admiral Robert Hughes, and had Issue by her four Sons Thomas, 
who died in the East Indies ; Henry, whose only Son, a minor, 
inherits th Title of Knight Baronet of the Kingdom of Scotland ; 
James, who died unmarried; and Robert, who was in 1798 created 
a Baronet of Great Britain, and now i* V ire-Admiral of the Blue 
Squadron of His Majesty's Fleet. 



The Heart's remote recesses to explore, 

Aud touch it's, Spriugs, when Prose avail'd no more. 



MONTALDO AND MARIA. 

AX EPISODE. 
(From CAREY'S " Reign of Fancy.") 

r PRIM was the Bark, and gaily mann'd, that bore 

The young Montaldo from his native Shore, 
By wayward destiny impell'd to rove, 
Far from the haunts of innocence and love, 
And doom'd no more Maria's smiles to share, 
A Father's love, a Father's tender care ; 
By noontide visions fir'd, for bloody gain 
To brave the billows of the foaming Main : 
Yet oft would rush upon his yielding mind 
The unstain'd pleasures that he left behind. 
Oft as the Moon her mellow radiance threw, 
Prone to the wat'ry waste they rose to view, 
When all the Elements forgot to rave, 
And holy Silence slept upon the Wave ; 



252 NAVAL POETRV. 

When Tritons tiught the love-lorn lyre to -weep, 
Borne on the beryl Coursers of the Deep 
Hark! from their sparry Groves and pearly Caves, 
The Sea Nymphs come to charm the list'ning Waves : 
O! were Maria here to share tht-ir song, 
Far sweeter were the music they prolong I 
Ye who in coral Caves abide, 

Ye who leave your bowers of spar 
When the heaving Ocean Tide 

Trembles to the evening Star : 
Sea Nymphs ! Sea Nymphs ! come away, 
To swell the merry roundelay. 
Blue-ey'd Daughters of the wave, 

Ye who in the briny streams 
Love your floating limbs to lave, 

When the pale moon sheds her beams j 
Sea-green Sisters come away, 

To swell the merry roundelay. 
But who is she, to love-lorn grief resign'd, 
With shadowy locks that wander on the wind, 
Who bends her course along the shelving strand, 
And marks each foamy Surge that rolls to Land j 
Lifts the imploring eye in pensive mood, 
And sings her sorrows to the dashing Flood ? 
Beloved ! why dost thou thy course delay, 
Ye Winds, to waft a Lorer on hi* way ? 
Ye Nereid Nymphs, who soothe the Sailors ear 
With Sea-born harmony, your Songs forbear ! 
Roll on, ye Billows of the surgy Main, 
And waft the Vessel o'er the liquid Plain. 
Is it a Sail my straining eyes survey ? 
Ah no ! 'twas but the Ocean's whitening spray. 
That Bark, MARIA, thou shalt hail no more ! 
MoNTAtoo sleeps upon rich Afric's Shore! 
Thence, sauntering sad and slow, to moonlight Grove? 
And glimmering Shades, the lonely Mourner roves, 
That oft the Song, the vow of truth, 
Breath'd melting sweet in the fair morn of Youth j 
Where still, 'tis said, the fond MARIA sees 
Her Lover's Spirit gliding on the Breeze. 
" Com'st thou, MONTALDO, from the roaring Deep., 
u But to behold thy lov'd MARIA weep ? 



NAVAL POETRY. 253 

" I see thee riding on the passing Gale ; 

" But, O MONTALDO ! why art thou so pale ? 

u Why are thy shadowy garments of the Flood ? 

" Why stain'd thy visionary form with blood ? 

" I see thee borne along the twilight Grove, 

t( But thou art sad and silent, O my Love !" 

No misery mingles with the Lovers' tears 

When conscious innocence the pang endears : 

'Tis sweet tp plant, where the belov'd repose, 

The weeping Willow and ephemeral Rose ; 

'Tis sweet to tread those Walks they lov'd to tread ; 

There, while their breasts with mixt emotions swell. 

The charms of those they lov'd on Earth so well 

Assimilate with all they hear and see, 

And banish every thought of misery ; 

Dear in the pledge they gave when forc'd to part, 

And dear their memory to the kindred heart. 

BEN HAWSER. 

BEN HAWSER lov'd fair Kate of Deal, 
And woo'd her for his bonny Bride : 
But ah ! her Friends, with hearts like steel, 

This much-wish'd happiness denied. 
For they were proud, and Ben was poor, 
Though none like him was e'er so true 5 
But all in vain, they clos'd the door, 
Nor let him take a last adieu ! 

Ben droop'd and pin'd with sad despair, 

For much he wish'd his Kate to see; 
But to the Beach he did repair, 

And brav'd once more the stormy Sea; 
And as the Vessel, from the Flood, 

The lessening Shore still kept in view ; 
Upon the deck he ling'ring stood, 

And sigh'd and said, " Sweet Girl adieu!" 

Ben plough'd the Deep for many a year, 

And oft in Battles hot was he; 
In danger still devoid of fear, 

And to his Messmates kind and free : 



554 NATAL HISTORY OP THE FRESft.VT YEAR, 1805, 

Returning home, the Foe drew nigh, 

A fatal ball unerring flow; 
Ben fell, and heaving forth a sigh, 

" 'Tis past," he said, " Sweet Girl adieu!". 

The morning smil'd, the day was fair, 
When Kate, who still did faithful prove, 

Breath'd en the Beach the vernal air, 
Deep musing on her long-lost Love. 

When floating on the Wave she spied 
A Corse it was her Lover true! 

Soon as she saw, she shrkk'd and cried, 

'' I come, no more we'll bid. adieu I" 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT TEAR, 1805. 

(August Septem bcr.) 
RETROSPECTIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS. 

TTNCERTAIXTV and Hesitation, on the most important National Subjects, are 
the prevailing features in the history of the preceding month. What every 
Nation wishes should be done, no one, except the young King of Sweden, seem* 
Jo have (sufficient decision to attempt. In the mean time the wily Corsican lords 
it widely, and warily ; and where he cannot effect his purpose by Threats, he 
endeavours to irritate by Abuse. It has been asserted that the greater part of his 
Invading Heroes has marched into the Interior : his situation certainly every day 
becomes more and more critical ; and his animosity against us is increased ir> 
proportion. The Speech of the Dutch Pensionary leaves the important question 
of PJACE in that state of ambiguity which his Master Buonuparte wishes : but 
we trust some decisive Stroke will ere long be made. 

Two Expeditions, in which John Bull so much delights, are again on foot. 
Lord Nelson and Sir Sidney Smith have both been closetted with Lord Mulgraxe. 
Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore has received the brevet Rank of General on 
the Continent, and is expected to command the Troops no\v under Orders for 
foreign Service. The Guards, ol' \vhom about -1500 are under orders, will proba- 
bly embark at Deal. 

The List of Officers of the Navy, just published, enumerates 14-1 Admirals, 639 
Post Captains, 433 Commanders, and 2493 Lieutenants. 

The utmost activity prevails in all our Ports for the equipment of every Vessel 
Jit for actual Service. A Naval Dep6t of Stores is to be formed at Gravesend ; 
whose object is, that after Ships come out of Dock on the River, from either 
Deptford, Woolwich, or elsewhere, they may avail themselves of the first fair- 
W md, and drop down to Gruvescnd - } where every thing, which was left un^-s 



JFAYAL BISTORT OF THE PRESENT?' YEAR, 1805. 555 

lushed, is to be completed; and wlu:iice Ships of the largest size can put to S^t 
with any Wind. To render this Plan as eti'ectiuil as possible, a Kind's Dock- Yard 
TV ill be established at a place called the Crook, a little above Noniirleet. li \ 
A\d also, that the Thames, from Deptibrd to the Mouth of the Piver, will m future- 
be au Admiral's Station. 

A number of Shipwrights are employed in making the new additions to Sir Sid- 
ney Smith's Gun-boats j their masts will be much longer than those generally used* 
and the bowsprit will be of considerable length. 

By letters from Copenhagen, the Russian Fleet, consisting f about 20 large 
and small Ships, which is expected there, has appeared off the Coasts of th 
Baltic. Some accounts speak of a Russian Expedition, under the conduct of 
iieneral Tolstoy. 

It is the intention of Government to pay the Artificers and Workmen belouins; 
to the Duck-Yards, at the commencement of next quarter, by the week ; leaving 
only a small proportion of their wages in arrear until the expiration of the quar- 
ter. This will be a considerable saving to the Workmen, who have always been 
under the necessity of hiring money by the quarter for subsistence, at a very high 
rate of intei est. 

Amidst all these improvement*, we sincerely lament that an addition is not made. 
to the Pay of our Naval Officers. The Half-pay of a Post Captain (and the fact is 
notorious) will not allow him to support his station in life ; and if he is married, it 
will barely supply his Family with necessaries ! The Servants of a Minister, 
when on Half-pay, are not so neglected. 



Extract of a. Letter from an Officer on board His Majesty's Slip SHEERXESS, dated 
Trincomalcc, the lOf/t of January, 180o. 

" ON the 7th instant arose the greatest Storm of Wind that has been known 
here. It began about half-past rive in the evening, and bet'ore seven it blew *. 
Hurricane from the N.W., attended with heavy rain, and veered in half an hour 
to the N.E., by which time we had parted all our cables, and His Majesty's Slap 
Sheerness drove on Shore 0:1 the south-west end of York Island, when our 
situation became very perilous, as the Ship laboured so violently, that until the 
main-mast went by the board, and the mizcn-inast cut away, it was impossible to 
stand the deck. However, the top weight (occasioned by the masts, and the great 
hold the Wind had upon them) being removed, the Ship became more steady, 
hut heeled greatly on the larboard side. In a very short space of time the water 
in the holds rose above the orlop deck, and pumping proved ineffectual, as th* 
water gained upon us till it became equal with the surface of the Sea. 

"Guns, as Signals of Distress, were fired through the night, but no assistance 
could possibly be obtained from the Shore; for the Captain, the Right Honourable 
Lord George Stuart, who was there, with the First Lieutenant, Mr. Swan, and the. 
Master Attendant, used every possible exertion to get on board, as soon us it 
began to blow, but the Boat swamped when near to the Ship, and a heavy Squall 
drove them again on Shore, and it was with much difficulty their lives were pre- 
served. As an instance of the impossibility of any Boat gaiuing the Ship, our 
Launch w;.s sent to their assistance, when she shared a similar fate, with the loa-i 
of two of the Crew, who were unfortunately drowned, 

" The distress occasioned in the Garrison, as well as every other part of Tri- 
<udee, made it necessary for every oae to prori.de Spr Li* owu safety. 



256 KATAL HISTORY OP THE fRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

" The following morning from the Wreck, every thing vxhibited one Scene of 
distress. Two other Vessels were on Shore, one of them irrecoverably lost, and 
the other they have not yet been able to get off. Not a Barrack, House, or Tree, 
escaped the ravages of the Storm, many were levelled to the ground, and the Hos- 
pital totally unroofed, which rendered the situation of the Sick truly deplorable, 
one of whom was killed by the falling of part of the roof. There were also 
another European and many Natives killed, principally from trees falling upon 
their_Huts. 

" It is to be dreaded that many of the Europeans may yet fall a sacrifice to the 
severity of the weather from sickness, as it continued to blow hard the succeeding 
day and night, with very heavy rain, when many must have been exposed to it, 
from their not having time to prepare themselves shelter. At present the weather 
is very unsettled, and rains at intervals." 

CEYLON GAZETTE, JANUARY 16, 1805. 

In addition to the damages sustained by the Shipping in the Roads of Columb* 
in the late Gale of ^find, we are concerned to state the loss of the Government 
Brig Alexander, commanded by Captain Stephany. From the account given of 
it by S. Fretes, a Mariner on board of that Vessel, and the only one that was 
saved it appears that the Alexander left Tutucoryn on Sunday the 6th inst., bound 
to Columbo, with about 700 bags of rice for Government. They made this Island 
on the 7th, about nine, between Chilavv and Negumbo ; and Captain Stephany, 
finding that he could not get into Columbo Roads before night, judged it prudent 
to anchor at six o'clock in the evening in ten fathoms of water ofl' Chilaw, where 
he intended to remain till daylight next morning. 

At three in the morning of the 8th, Captain Stephany perceiving that the 
anchors did not hold, cut his cables and stood to Sea ; at five o'clock several suc- 
ceeding Seas breaking over the Vessel, filled it with water ; and notwithstanding 
every exertion to pump the water out, she foundered at ten A.M., distance about 
four miles from the Shore. 

S. Fretes was saved on a grating of the Vessel, and cast on Shore in the Mouth 
of Negumbo River ; he states having seen several attempting to save their lives on 
casks and hencoops, but does not think that one of them succeeded in the attempt, 
having seen Captain Stephany go down with a hencoop. 

Lieutenant Anselm, of the Wirtemberg Regiment, and Inhabitant of Columbo, 
*ho was the only Passenger on board the Alexander, shared the same fate 
with the rest of the Ship's Company, and his body was thrown on Shore near 
Colpetty. 

BOMBAY COURIER, JANUARY 19. 

On Saturday evening the Hon. Company's Ship Sir Edward Hughes anchored 
in the Harbour from Mangulore. By this opportunity the following Passengers 
have arrived : Lieutenant-Colonel H. Davis, His Majesty's 22d Dragoons. Th 
Honourable Lieutenant Gordon, His Majesty's Navy ; Captain Christian, Mr. 
Gowen, and Mr. Scott, Surgeon.- 

On Tuesday the 15th inst., the Ship Hope, Captain John Stewart, arrived 
from Cochin, which place she left on the 28th ultimo. On her Passage up, 
touched at Goa. 

Yesterday anchored in the Harbour, under a Salute from the Battery, His 
Majesty's Ship Terpsichore, Captain Bathurst j together with his Prize, the 
Elizabeth, a valuable Dutch East Indiaman. 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 257 

On Wednesday night last, a beautiful Frigate, named the Pitt, being the first 
ever built in India for His Majesty's Service, was launched from the Dock Yard. 
Between 11 ami 12 o'clock, on (he appointed Signal being given, she moved 
majestically into the water, amid rl<e acclamation of a great poncourse of Spec- 
tators, and under a Salute from the Saluting Battery. From the stillness of the 
night, and the Ship's being finely illuminated, the whole effect was uncommonly 
grand. 

It may be remarked as rather an amusing coincidence of circumstances* that 
Captain Vashou and the whole Crew of the l-\>i Frigate, which is now repairing 
in Dock, has been transferred to the new launched Frigate the Pitt, 



^Letters on 

Copied verbatim from the LOXDOX GAZETTE. 
[Continued from page 168.] 

ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, AUHUST3J, 1805. 

Copy of a Letter from the Hon. Admiral Cornicallix, to William Marsdcn, Esq., dated 
on board His Majesty's Ship Viltc dc Paris, off Uskant, the Z-ith Instant. 

SIR, 

IT HAVE the honour to send to you, to he communicated to the Lords Commis- 
* sioners of the Admiralty, a copy of information received by the Dragon, which 
i>hip joined me yesterday. 

I have particular pleasure in sending their Lordships that part of the account in 
which the gallant conduct of Captain Baker, of the Pha-mx, is so conspicuous iu 
taking the Didon French Frigate of superior force, so much to his honour, and that 
of his Officers and Men, who must have seconded Mini in the most spirited manner 
upon that occasion. I have the honour to be, dec. 

W. CORNWALLIS. 

Dragon, off Ushant, Aug. 2i>, 1805. 

Monday, August 13, Cape Ortega! bearing abou E. S. E. fifteen or sixteen 
leagues, tell in with His Majesty's Ship Phucnix, having a . iisiuasted French Fri- 
gate in tow, which she had captured OB the 10th instant, inL.it. 43^ 16' N., Long. 
12* 14' W., after a severe Action of three hours. 

The name of the French Frigate is the Didon, of forty-four Guns and three 
hundred Menl She was detached from the Combined Squadrons a few hours alter 
their arrival at Coruuua, and was cruising when the Phoenix fell in with her. 

EDW. GRIFFITHS. 

SEPTEMBER 3. 

Cupijtf a Letter from the Hon. Admiral CorNiriM's, tn William Harsdcn t E*j., dated 
on board the Vide dc Paris, off' Ushant, '30th of August, lliOj. 

SIR, 

I have much satisfaction in sending the enclosed letter to me, from Captain 
Barton, of the Goliath, to be laid before the Lords Commissioners of the Admi- 
ralty, giving an account of his further success in the Capture of the French Na- 
tional Corvette therein meutioucd. I have the honour to be, Sec. 

\\. CORNWALLIS. 

SIR, His Majcstii's Ship C>oli<itl>, Aug. 18, 180.5. 

I beg leave to acquaint you, for the information of my Lords Commissioners of 
tlie Admiralty, His Majesty'* Ship under my Command, standing in for Cape 
Prior, in the mornmg of the lo'ih instant three Sail appears! in chase fns; we 
lacked and stood towards them, and proved the Ships named iu the miw^iu of my 
letter dated the 15th. 

StoI.XIV. L L 



'259 NAVAL IIIM'ORY OF THE TRKStNT YKAR, 1805. 

I have the satisfaction to add, at eight P.M. we Captured la Torche French 
National Corvette ot 'eighteen Guns, one hundred and nm*ty-six M-'n, comman- 
ded bv Monsieur I), '-!), having on board fifty-two of the late Blanche's Crew. 
Had ilicv not separated, and night coining on very fast, I am confident la Topa^e 
would have been in niv possession also. I have the honour to be, <Xc. 

The Hon. Admiral Cornwatlit, #c. P- BAHTOJ?. 

SEPTEMBER 7. 

Copy of a Letter from Captain Baker, of His Majesty's Ship Phauilc, to W. llartden, 
1 Esq., dated Plymouth Sound, 3d September, 18U5. 

srn, 

H.:rewilli I have the honour to transmit you, for the information of my "Lords 
Commissioners of the Admiralty, a copy of my Letter to Admiral Cornwaliis, ex- 
plaining the Capture of la Didon French Frigate by His Majesty's Ship under my 
Command, with a list of the killed and wounded. I have the honour to be, &.c. 

T. BAKER. 

SIB, Phfmix, at Sea, August 13, 180.')'. 

I cannot but exult in the honour of imparting to you the extreme good fortune 
of His Majesty's Ship under my Command on the 10th instant, Latitude 43* 16' N., 
Longitude 1'j 14' W., in the Capture of la Didon, a remarkable line, and the, 
fastest sailing Frigate in the French Navy, of forty-four Guns, and three hundred 
and thirty Men, which bad sailed hut a few days from Corunna, and was upon ,1 
secret Cruise. The Action commenced at a quarter past nine in the morning, (la 
Didon having waited my approach to leeward,) and lasted three hours, never 
without pistol shot; during which all our ropes were cut to pieces, our maintop- 
sail yard s'lol away, and most of our masts and yards severely wounded. Th 
j'"rrsMtv for our engaging to leeward, in order to prevent the possibility of thii 
Enemy's escape, exposed us to several raking broadsides before it could be. pru- 
dent to return the lire ; r.nrl the superiority of la Didon's sailing, added to the 
adroit iiiana-uvn-s of Captain Miims, convinced me of the skill and gallantry I 
ild have to contend with, which has been fully evinced by the stillborn de- 
fence ol his Ship until she Itccamc. a pe.rfe.rt wreck, and his subsequent honourable 
deportment. Owing to the lightness of the Wind, and la Didon's attempt to 
boAfd, brought our starboard quarter in contact with her lar! oard how, in which 
portion we remained full three quarters of an hour, suhjcct to a galling lire of 
puutetry, that ro'ubed me of sjeK supjMjrt of Olliccrs aau ;Ylei), a^ there could be 
no compensation for but in complete Victory. 

\Vtth sorrow I tr.tiu>m.t you a list of the killed and wounded; and have the 
honour to be, Sec. 

Tu the Hon. Admiral Cornwall's, rfc. T. BAKER. 

A List ofihc Killed and Wounded on botml the -Phoenix and la Didon, on the \Wh >f 

August, 180a. 

rhurnix. 12 killed, '28 wounded. Total 40. 
La Didon. 27 killed, 41 wounded. Total 71. 
Difference. 15 killed, 16 wounded. Total 31. 

Ktimes (<f the Killed and Wounded on board the Plucnix. 

Killed. .T.-.lui llnuntou, T.ieutenant. George Donelan, Master's Mate. John 

Foivcr-, Quari-.-r-mastcr. James Smith, Seaman. Benjamin Thomas, ditto. 

' Taylor, ditto. William Goddard. ditto. James Bell, ditto. Samuel 

Stuhbs, ditto. Kdward Gadsby, ditto. George Chandler, ditto. Thomas Hill, 

ditto. 

Wounded. Henry Steele, Lieutenant of Marines, dangerously. Aaron To/er. 

Aliijshmn'ian, di'.ii<;rousl\. Kdward B. Curling, Midshipman,' badly. James 

Cexswaiii, sii^hilv. Geor.sie ('.award, Captain's Servant, sliglitly. John 

'.-I. Capias's Steward, dangerously. Tliomas Hall, Seaman,' slightly. 

^u;]\, SaiJiiiaker. dangerously. Bernard M'Carthy, Seaman, dange'r- 

wusly. Patrick Edwurds, Seaman, dangerously. John C. Bringer, Hcuuiau, Ludly, 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESEVT TEAR, 1805. 259 

Thomas M'Maken, Seaman, bally. John Bin<ead, Seaman, slightly. Edward 
J;imes, Private of Marines, dangerously. Joseph Robinson, Seaman, slightly. 
William Henderson, ditto, slightly. John A.rnew, ditto, slightly. Lewis Bur- 
nett, Serjeant of Marines, ba iiy. Cliarles Morgan, ditto, dangerously. Thoma.i 
Mason, Private of Mamies, slightly. Charles Hurley, ditto, dmigerouslv. Alex- 
ander BatemaO) ditto, dangerously. Stephen Sprawlt^, ditto, dangerously. 
Thomas Martin, ditto, dangerously. Vv.lliam Harbour, ditto, dangerously. 
Thomas Davis, ditto, badly. Saiuqel Walker, ditto, badly. 'William Mills, 
ditto, slightly. 

WILLIAM WARDEN, Surgeon. 

SEPTEMBER Cl. 

Copy of a Letter from the lion. Admiral CormKillis, to William Marsdcn, Esq., dated 
nite de Pans, v/ U.<hant, the 17th of September, 1805. 

si", 

T have die honour to acquaint the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that 
His Majesty's Ship Amazon has this nioim-.nt rejo.ned me ; and I enclose, for their 
Lordships' information, a le.tu-r from Captain Parker, giving an account of his 
having failed in with and captured the Princi]j de la Paz Spanish Corvette Pri- 
vateer. I have the honour to he, 6cc. 

W. CORXWALLIS. 



His JUif/fsfy's Mtip Amazon, off Ushant, 
SIR, _ tfth September, 1805. 

I beg to acquaint you, we fell in with the homeward bound Jamaica Fleet at 
sunset, on the 31st of August, during a hard north-west G.il.>, eighty leagues to 
the wc>tward ofScilly ; and liaving with some difficulty learnt from one of the 
Convoy that several of the Fleet had separated, I jud^.-d it proper to continue on 
the Station directed in vour order, m Slopes of conccfing and affording protection 
to the Stragglers : \ve have not met any : but I am happy to inform you, on the 12th 
instant, in Latitude 49 50* X., and Longitude lb30'W., His Majesty's Ship 
under my Command captured the Pimcipi' 1 dv la Paz, a Spanish Corvette Priva- 
teer, carrying twenty-four 9-pounders and four brass swivels, with one hundred 
and sixty Men on board, principally French. 

This Ship was fitted out at Yigo rive weeks before, and had taken the Prince 
of Wales Pa^Ket from Lisbon, and the Lady Nelson Letter of Marque from Vir- 
ginia bound to Glasgow. We found part of the Crew ol the latter Ship on board 
the Privateer, and a considerable sum in s,;e'.-ie. 

I have much satisfaction in her Capture, as she was completely stored for re- 
maining t\vo months longer at Sea, and her Captain, Fran9ois Beck, an experienced 
Cruiser, who commanded the French Privateer le Braave during the late War, 
greatly to the annoyance of our Trade. I have the honour to be, 6cc. 

ne Hon. William CornicaUis, $c. #r. cf-c. W r . PARKER, 

Ccpyof a Lcttcrfrom Vice-admiral Sir Andrew Mitchell, K.R., Commander in Chief 
of His ftla/estj/'i Ships and Vcfstls at Halifax, to William Marsdcn, Lstj., dated at 
Halifax, the 21st of August, 1805. 

SIR, 

I have the honour to enclose, for the information of the Lords Csmmissioners 
of the Admiralty, three letters from Captain Beresford, of His Majesty's Ship 
Cambrian, stating the Capture of two of i lie Enemy's Privateers ; also the cutting 
out of St. Mary's River a Ship, I5ng, and a Spanish Schooner Privateer ; by which 
their Lordships will observe with what coolness an.l bnvery that Service was con- 
ducted under the direction of Lieutenant George Pigot, and so ably supported by 
Lieutenant MaMrrman, of the Ro/ul Marines. In short, the steady conduct of 
both Petty Officers, Seamen, and Marines, was such, as merits my warmest ihanks 
and commendation ; and 1 beg leave most strongly to recommend them to their 
Lordships' notice. I have the honour to be, &c. 

A. MITCHELL, 



260 NAVAL HISTORY OF THE I'UESENT YEAR, 1805. 

His Majesty's Ship Cambrian, in I.at. 29, Long. 62*, 
sm, June 1.3, 1805. 

This day Lieutenant Pigot had the direction of the Cambrian's Boats. With 
the launch he most a!!ani!y boarded the Spanish Privateer Schooner Maria, of 

fourteen i;nns and M\ty Men. Li u'cn;,..' f'r-o.'lon, in tlie IVge, instantly fol- 
lowed h;ui : the Vcs*t 1 uas carried, notvwhitanding every resistance was made. 
The other Boats did no! i_et on board un:il she surrendcr-d ; but no less merit i* 
clue to the Ofiicrrs and Men, who ;iil volunteered this Service. Lieutenant Pigot 
tells mi; everv one did his duty most cheerfully. Two- excellent Men were killed, 
and two wounded. I have the honour to be, &c. 
To Sir Andrew Mitchell, K, B., <J-c. $c. cj-c. J. P. BERESFORD. 

SIR, His llujestifs Ship Cambrian, at Sea, July 3, 180.5. 

Aft'T a chase of twenty-two hours, we have just captured the French Privateer 
Schooner Matilda. She mounts twenty guns, nine-pounders, is two hundred tons, 
and ninety-live Men ; had captured the Engiisli Letter of Marque the Clyde, 
bound to Liverpool. She surrendered in very shoal water; and, lint for the ex- 
ertion ot Lieutenant Pigot, with one of the Boats, every soul in her would have 
been lost. 1 have the honour to be, i.\c. 

Tofiir A. Mitchell, K.K., $c. #c. J. P. BERESFORD. 

SIR, His Majesty's Ship Cumbrian, July 21, 180.5. 

I bet; leave to present you with a recital of Lieutenant Pigot's Proceedings, 
from His Majesty's Ship under my Command, in a Schooner Privateer we had taken 
on the 3d. He made the best of his way fo the River St. Mary's, where we had 
information of two Ships and a Schooner ; he got oiF the Harbour on the 6ih, and 
on the 7th he proceeded with the. Schooner twelve m:les up a narrow River, through 
a continual lire of the Militia and Riflemen, until he got within shot of a Ship, 
Brig, and Schooner, ld-hed in a line across the River ; he engaged them for an 
hour ; the Schooner gioundcd ; he had recourse to his Boats; and, after an obsti- 
nate resistance, earned the Ship with her guns; he obliged the Men to quit the 
Brig and S liooner, look possession of all, then turned Ins lire on the Militia, about 
a hundred in number and a field piece, which were completely routed. Lieuten- 
ant Pi^oi got (wo wounds in the head by musket balls, and one in the leg. Lieu- 
tenant Miisterman of the Marines, who most ably seconded all Mr. Pigot's Views, 
escaped unhurt, to the wonder of all ; for his clothes were shot through anil 
through. Mr. Lawson, Master's Mate, wounded severely, as well as Mr. Mit- 
chell, Midshipman. Messrs. Grirt'enhoofe, Bolman, and Williamson, behaved 
well, as indeed did all on this occasion. Two were killed, and fourteen wounded. 
'this very gallant conduct was observed by some hundreds of Americana from the 
opposite side of the River, who expressed their astonishment. 

Mr. Pigot never quitted the deck for nearly three, weeks, except to get his 
wounds dressed, which inspired the rest ; the Wind was adverse for that time, 
and the Enemy never attempted to attack him. I hope he may meet every reward 
such conduct deserves ; he really is an active Ollicer, always ready. 

The Ship proves to be the Golden Grove, and the Brig the Ceres, of London, 
taken by the Schooner, a Spanish Privateer, of six guns and seventy Men, two 
months since. 

1 he Enemy had armed the Ship with eight 6-pounders, six swivels, and fifty 
Men: the Brig was defended with swivels and small arms. I am, &c. 

To Sir A, Mitchell, K. B., c',V. J. P. BERESFORD. 

A Lift cf the Killed and U'mnnlrd. 

Killed, David Mackintosh, Seaman; William Lewington, Marine. 

Wounded. Lieutenant Pjgot ; Mr. Law son, Master's Mate; Mr. Mitchell, 

Midshipman, (youryonngest Son) ; K ,be;-t Collins, William White, William Be- 

thfll, William M'Dowell, Robert Watson, and William Davis, Seamen ; Serjeant 

; Thomas Spencer, Robert Richardson, and Charles Lover, Privates of 

J\l; rinus. 

Rilled on the Spanish Si ie.~- Twcniy-five Seamen, with five American*. 
Hounded ou ditto. Twenty-two Seamen. 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 261 

jprotnotion0 anB appointments. 

Major George B.dl and Major Nayl r, of the Royal Marines, have been per- 
mitted by His Majesty to re:ire on full Pay. 

Commodore Sir Sa'.nuel Hood, Bart., is appointed to be Colonel of the Woolr 
wich Division of Royal Mnrmes ; Captain J. Harvey, to the Canada ; Sir P.. 
Berry, to the A^unienuion ; Captain 'I'. H.irvey, to the Standard ; Captain Brace, 
to the Virginia ; Capta;.: Lane, to the Ins. 

Tlie following Promotions and Appointments have token place in the Royal 
Marine Forces : 

P/j/mriit'i Division. R. Williams, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, vice St-ickla-.id, 
pro'.iol.' : ; D. Montcilh, and J. B. Savage. 1 , to i>e Majors, rice Dyer and Donylas, 
promo: cd; J. Williams, and S. Mallark, lo be Adjutants, vice Gerrard and Snmh, 
promoted. 

Portsmouth Dirifim. T. Strickland, to be Second C.'lonel Commandant, i-'tce 
Fletcher, promoted ; N. Mo< : n. !:> !>e Lieutenant-Colonel, rice Williams, re- 
moved to Plymouth; L. C. Meurs, to bu ?>l-dj >r, lice Miller, promoted; J. H. 
Patten, and J. Sa.'pherd, to be Adjutant!;, i\cti Wills and Mould, promoted ; M. 
A Gerrard, to be Quarter-Master, nee Wil!ia;nsou, promoted. 

Chatham Division. D. Buil.n^hail, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, rice Bell, pro- 
mote.'. : J. Lambtecfat) and J. James, to l>e. Majors, vice Moorsom and Balhug- 
ha!l, promoted. 

Wiiohcich Division. J. Fletcher, to 1-r 1 Colonel-Commandant ; II. Bell, to h 
Second Colonel-Commandant : Ci. Dyti, Sir J. Dougla..-, Knt., aud J. Miller, to 
be Lieutenant-Colonels; J. Ca^seli, .(. Markmtosh, and G. E. Viuicombe, to be 
Majors ; G Varlo, to be DejMitv Piiy-^laster ; J. II. Bright, to be Barrack- 
Master; I Anderson, to be Surgeon; D. Greves, and T. A. Lascelles, to be Ad- 
jutants; J. S. Smith, to be Quarter-Master. 

Sir John Warren is to hoist his Flag on board a fifty-gun Ship, mid to com- 
mand a S:;iiii(,i(,ii of Frigi'.U-s on the Coast of Portugal. Captain Page is come 
home from the East Indies in the C-jr.imaiu 1 . >fthe Trident ; Captain Rainier suc- 
ceeded to the Command of the Caroline ; Captain Conn is appointed to the Royal 
Sovereign, which is intended for Admiral Collingwood'a Flag v Lieutenant Liddle, 
to he Agent lor Prisoners of War at Jamaica ; Lieutenant J. M' Arthur, to com- 
mand the Royal Oak Prison Ship at Portsmouth ; Lieutenant Miller, to be Agent 
for Prisoners of War ;tt 1' IK er; Sir Sidney Smith, to command, the Squadro* 
otV Boulogne ; Admiral 13. Doiii;i:\s, to be Port-Ac! nnral at Yarmouth ; Mr. Green, 
Mate of tlie Antelope Cutter, is appointed Capiain of^that Vessel, r/c< Capt. Case, 
who retires ; Captains Lambert and Johnston are promoted to Post Rank ; the 
Hon. Lieutenant A. Co.-hrane is promoted to be a Commander, and appointed to 
command the Victor ; Lieut. Bell is "made a Commander, and appointed to th 
Arrogant ; Lieutenants II. Christian and Batt are raised to the Rank of Com- 
manders ; Lieutenant Svinonds, of the Repulse, Rear-Admiral Sutton's Flag- 
Ship, is appointed to the Command of the Nile Lugger, vice Lieutenant Fennel), 
deceased. Vice-Adr.m-;;! S:R J. T. Duckworth, K.Bvb appointed Second m 
Command of the Mediterranean Fleet. 

BIRTHS. 

August 20. At his House, Ilavant, Hants, the Lady of Captain Butterfield, 
Royiil Navy, of a S.jii. 

At the Seat of Rear- Admiral Markham, Ados, Sussex, the Hon. Mrs. J. Mark- 
ham, of a Son. 

On the 5lh Inst., the Ludy of Captain Schomberg, Royal Nary, f a 
Daught -i . 

On the 17th Inst., at Edinburgh, the Lady ctf Vice-Admiral Deans, of 

Daughter. 

On the 20th Inst., at St. Alban's, the Lady of Captain William Brown, Royal 
Navy, of a Daughter. 



NAVAL HtSTrtRt 0* tH PRESENt TEAR, 1805. 

On the ?0ih Inst., in Great Cumberland Place, the Lady of Admiral Sir Hy<Ie 
Parker, of a Daughter. 

MARRIAGES. 

LoMy, at Vim,, the Earl of Clanwtlhaiu to Lady Shuldham, Relict of the 
lit" A.iiniral Lord Shuhlhiiin. 

On the 2Bil) of August, t St. Martin's Church in the Fields, Lieutenant Fat- 
f< r- I, <>!'t!i< Rov.'il Marines, to MiSb Raby, Daughter of Alexander Ral.y, Esq. r 
of Cobhiim, Slinky. 

On the, 8'h Inst., at Kingston, by the Rev. Mr. BussHl, Mr. A. C. Forster, 
Midshipman of H:s Majesty's Ship Tribune, to Miss Jeffreys, of Portsea. 

On Thursday, the 1v>ih Ins'., Mr. Webb, laie Master of His Majesty's Ship 
"Bi'iiU'he, U> ;Vt;!> Ran well, of Portsea. 

On the Till Inst., Captain Fcllowe, of the Royal Navy, to Miss Sparg, of 
Pcnryn. 

On the 4th Inst., at Honiton, Mr. Gould, Attorney, to Miss Domett, Niece of 
Admiral Domett. 

On 'lie iM Inst., at Hastings, Captain Edwards, Royal Navy, to Miss An* 
Thomas, Daughter of 'Rice TJhnnas, Esq. of Coedhelen, County of Carnarvon, 

'On the 14th of July, at the Island of Malta, Captain James ILllyar, of His 
M.!)f sty's Ship \iuir, to Miss Taylor, Daughter of N. Taylor, Esq., Storekeeper, 
of the same place. 

On the 12th Inst., at Croydon, Lieutenant Markett, Roy*.; Navy, to Miss 
Stanley. 

On the 23d Inst., at Fareham, Hants, Lieutenant-Colonel Mannorch, Inspecting 
Field Officer of the Yeomanry and Volunteer Corps in ti:e Souih West District, 
to Miss Bruce, Sister to Captain Bruce ot the Royai .Navy. 

OBITUARY. 

At Elson, on the 2d Inst., Captain Sir Frederick Thcsigcr, of the Royal Navy> 
.Agent for Prisoners of \Var at Portiinouth. 

On the 2d Inst., at his House, London-street, Fitzroy-square, Captain John 
S'ukeiy Somerset, Iloyal Navy. 

Lately, at I5:i.Sadoe?, Lieutenant A. Buller, of the NorthomberJand, Brother 
tc Cap'* Q !!. i iill.T, of the Malta. 

On the 4th I-.ist , at Bur ford Bridge, Surrey, aged 18, Miss Margaret Fairfax, 
Daughter o! Recr-Ad;niral {sir William George Fairfax. 

As Falmouth, the 31 st August, Lieutenant G. Fenucl, late Commander of the 
Xiie Lugger. 

On the M Inst., suddenly, at Emsworfh, Mrs. Lotherington, Wife of Captain 

Lolhenngton. 

Irately, al Brnstaple, the Hon. Henry Tumour, Lieutenant in the Royal Navy, 
and fifth t?on of the h.tc f'arl of Wmieiton, of Shilling} u Park. 

On the 14th Inst., at Portsmouth, Miss Bayly, aged 21, only Daughter of Mr. 
Bayly, of the Royal Academy in the Dock Yard. 

. , at Hull, Lieutenant Thomas Lane, Royal Navy, late of the Charles 
armed Ship. 

In March last, at Calcutta, in the East Indies Mr. John Barnes, Second Mute 
of the Tottenham East Indiauian, aged 23 years. 

Oil the list Inst. at Bodmin, Lieutenant Wills, Royal Naw. 

Lateiy, at Bengal, Captain W. P. Cartwright, of the Marine Battalion, and his 



On the 1?th Inst., at Richmond, Surrey, in the 4od year 
Thornton, Ksq., formerly of the lloyd Navy. 



of his age, Jauies 



26; 



'3 e^arine List 



amrs LOST, DESTROYED, CAPTURED, AXD RECAPTURED. &c. 

MLOM MARCH 1 TO 21?, 1805. 



THE Aler, , from Nantz to Bofton, was left 

''oon jith Decetnbrr. 

The Sa'istur, Swv.ii', from the "avsm art) Nc.s Provi- 
tten.-c to I.v.-rpic 1 , wr.s wrecltc'j off Sheet H:irb.":r, Novi 
Scot. a, 2r.<1r.->t),ly loft, ith nine of tfce Crew, on the joth 
Jiru --. - Tart of fe Cir 

The Ger.vr.il Augereau Frc:.c<. Privateer, rrountinf 
fourteen twelve-pcunJers anu cighty-evea .Men en hoard, 
was tilten on i jth February in bt. 4 s. !o:.. 5. by the 
Topa^L Friijate. She had been out fevcii we'.k , and maUe 
BO Pri7is. 

T. e Avirora, Bteer, frcm Lisbon to CMrtuartt i> d*> 
taint-d by the Ca-olir.e Privateer, a" V.'ii.a.'havt , , ...i.d lent 
into that Prt. The Tame Privateer has d^-tiincfl the 
Hoopcndc, Zkv.in, ftjm Lisbcn, -inu lent her into 
Kinfale. 

The Brinnnii, Petirs, from Warerford to Liverpool, 
U Branded near Ko hca<; 

Tl,e St>anirii Brigs Samiflima Trinidaria, from f:e H?vinr> 
to Barcelona, and th.- M'.ra.j-jiter, -- , from Cuba to 
torunr.a, put into Bermud.i 12th J'.nuary. 

The M*rs, Hughes from Cork to Pi.il.'delphia, was de- 
ferted on S:h January in lat. 37. 51., In?.?,- 5-3., hy t)< 
Captain n.i Crew, who arritre.l at N-.w York ist Feb. in 
he G^arilan from O Ml::. 

TheG=orgc, Wyat:, frcm Eno! t? I.ondor., has been 
taken and carried into B:ulopne, where her Ci. jn v.-25 
Afc'i.irgcd, and fincc retike.-. on heiuHHge .from thence 
o Calais, and cir.-ied into D.er taffijeeuny. 

T.e Ruth, Warden, t'rum Nr- fj-.indlsnd to Clyde, ha;>- 
iRj loft her rudJtr, and makinf m - ..ch water, rave 'h^Tri- 
felvcs up on th J-'th January to tt:e. Braav,. Frmc- i'riia- 
tecr, in lat. 4,7. 3., and lone. 22. ;. - On the 
(he as recaptured by the Janvrin J-nv tccr ot' Gui-r.:!' ) , 
Niftet, who remained four (Jays hy he., an.: fucvecdcd ro 
fi* a temporary rud-ler, anu fent her for Guernfey, where 
*eairived 21!* February. 

A Letter from Penang, (Prince of Wales Ifland) dated 
jft September, Hates as t'olirm-s: 

" The Fleet is no* failing o'it,and the Canton snd the 
' 



rijate, 



inv. ; we found hero the \v_lmer Caftle, Bu 

juvi Lord Caitkreash, the Ccn.par.y'i Ships of War. 

* Van, I4ih Frbr-jtry Tlic A(;o)plie Pru.,teer of 
Boulogne has taken, ^r.rt c.irri;-d inm th.u Por., an Eng- 
4(h stiip laden with flour, dye-wood, t.n p::i:e., lead, &c. 
The Thomas and Mary, witfc coils, is taken, ar.u carried 
into Dunkirk." 

Adiico Irom the Ifles of TraJice, (via Amcriia' ro t|-.c 
14th Nvemt>er, ftate that a few day. previous to Oat 
date, Admiral Lir.ois' Squadron arrived there with two 
valuable Ships ; two of them, the Upton Castle, and the 
^een Cl-.arlc.tte, of Bombay, with Cai cnc, of l'ut;:r a::d 

Ship>, but u-i.id> was dU'covtred by the Eng.im Crui.ers 
cjc.ie in more, going into the Mauritius, and cut off by one 
Ct" the Frigates. 

Uken previous to the joth OftolKr, and lent into Co- 
lumbo, 

The Elizabeth, Henfley, armed 20 ru<s and 50 Mi-n, 
tiled from Liverpool for Africa on the -jotli January, a.nd 
OP the ad February, in lat. 48. 24., lor^ 13. is., tcil in 
Kith a larse Krencii i-rivate?r, with thi 
(Vunted on i.er ftclr., inoui.tr.ic n.-rnty t . i.-.ty-l.i"..--pO'Jnd 
.carrotiades on th.' ma :i-dcck, and Kent gui:- . n 
$er deck, and m 1 of Men, wi.ich, afr : 
Bie Elizabeth, ailmalivd r.J be^c o:f. Tin. tii/ab^t.'i 
l!Svl f\< Me;, wcauiied and c.i.c killed, aril is inucn via- 

ffi'tCU. 

Th- l>iiM, of Jiricy, bou^d to Virsi^a, has returned 
to Jeni), !..v -..,, ctptured a Cpar-iili s:iip of too tun, 
/rojn tie H.v,-,ni, with .lugar, 4,-c. ; fid', ir company 
wifb a LjrcryaOi iTiij-.tr'r, tj^.^rri > s:;:p a' jiv :-.., 



from Vera Cnj7, ricHy laden. The fijrmer wis.ordtrtd 
far GuernlVy, and t'-e lifer for 'j.erpocl. 

The Famt, Seed, fiom Grceuck to Trinidad, was 
.-riven on ihnrc ill the Clyie, aim bilged 17:11 Ktbrviary. 
CT;O lar.ae;!, and it is expec'.ed the Vi:!el wiil M 
tot off. 

Tlic Diig Fegry, f Bcftnn, <\ippofed frorn^OI' Ca':. v r 
to I.iver|,.;, V..-.S rarricti into Tei.ciirls b/ Tome Frc:cu 
Sailors i.i November la:1. 

, Fearhcrft^n, frmn tK;blin to London ; 
' te~, Gatte , from Exmfj'i'Ji to v.';>.i , j 
. i bon, are ta ('n oif the ^"\rd*s t;d t>y 
t.'.e Gcii..-ril Tt!'pno:i French Vrivatcer. 

The For-j- , - r . of \Vor'-:nyton, <fr m Irelind^ 
fbumlere.'o* K r ud'/nht .o-.i F.;l-.uiry. 

T:e ;.-.:.. Ti '.!'i: Fr ; ..id?nce, of ;5o tyns, from Monre- 



Ire 



a-Kl 



- r, lias been taken znu carrit* into Je:iVy ky 
tl.e l.'.ttrry Printecr of :;.: Ifiand. 
The Re^t'.js French Pri^itcer, of 12 pins aid ^4 Men, 
r 'ai-cn I.) t.-.f PTim-efs Chariotu trU 
-r.'i try. 

T..ef:::: betu, Scarlett, of d from Pinfcar to London, 



::'.e A/.rt French L .ss-f Vnvatexr, cf , , ir.i 
and -is Men, i::ri retake:, 'y ti.r p .- Be v.ick im-ckj, and 
in the Rl.-cr. T- r Privateer ' - 

. tik-.n f.ve Vc(T;: bcGde> tte 
Ellzakftb. 
The txiSv, M'fnr n>, h:-anj t. Portland ; ari the J',fcn, 



01. Fi.ru:.. ftne Bihaiiu*. 

The s , f:c:n Jarr.aica to Me* Voi-; , 

upfit at Sea on irt oc h r. Crt-w V-vcd. 

The Sci. rimer JcfTirf.!., frnm St. Doniingo to Pl.i.a.icl- 

pl'ia, wa-, tJiei; j:n December by a Fixnch Schooner Pri- 

vatt-.-r, :e-taki"i tht next da; by the Brig LouiC., Captain 

. . The l.cuib arrived at Jamaica j;;u Co- 

ceirber. 

Tl.c Li;cy Ann, Butler, from Baltimore to Curacua, 



Til'.' Pcr*;.rrr.i'lCf, 
J:iBlaica. 

fgar, togwoodi, anl' 



m Ne- York to 
F:ii..te, and lint i 



from Vera Cru?-, witU 

ih'.V.ui;. . logwood, ;M.tt 
43.-, ooo do !i.-s, are -akrn by the Pallas frigate > :Ue fir- 
mer arrive. i ;.t Plymouth the 7tt> March. 

The Arro, Gr;>(lti:, (of Sutiuirland, i> totally wrecked 
rear Hart!cp.oi. 

Ihr Brig Duhiin, , from Leith for Newcault, u 

'Uiv.' Cap'.d, , of B'arlington, frcm Wales, vl-Ji 

. on tin- Pan Sand, i.ear Marja'e. 

The Alexander, , of a::d riom J'etersburji tJt 

Bour.ieaux, is U.41 on the Court .of Holl.unl. 

The V: , from Antwerp to Bour* 

from RotteriUn. 13 



B. urdtaux, ire d, tamed by tt.e JUttkr S! Of, and u-i.t 
into Portli. 

A l.c-ttir t(,,in Gu.-r:if:y, =ted fith March, ftate, th.u 
threr Spanifh i-ii?-- ^e been carriej into it'Mal.ty 
!b.. e or' tr.e Fnt;ri) ' gfavaieen. 

The irinctls C:i4*u^ Logan, from Madras ID 'i.t 
.'i-.-ite t. return tj v.a Ira-., .. 
i.inuii' i'lu.droi., nil lei;: f.,r he M .untijs. 

The Jamaica, wlk'-r, f^om ja::.akj to l.o:.;. 

.--i-bruary. crv.-v 
1'oneisin Frai ce. 

Th' fnilvir.p V'.'ffe'.s v.-ere detain^, arul fent in^) Ja- 
maica prtvioj- u -.iic :". . Jat.-.nry 

A Sp.-nifh Cur- ttt'. ut' ti ijurij. ft^m Eplin to fie H^- 
va-.a, ti, : frgati; :. e sp-rilr. Liig .:! 

tr.:i.':o. i.'.ji. C.. r - >;.: ;f. ,-.:i, by t>.t Cui.^ ." 



LLOYD'S MA RINK List OP SHIPS LOST, &c. 



A Spnnifli Ship from Carthigena to Barcelona, witt 3-,, .00 

dollar-, by the Princess Charlotte K:i,ate ; the Mar.ner, 

, from Santa Cru?. to Cuiacna, by the Fiamhifc 

Frigate ; the Bulia Maria, , from New Y rl: t.. 

Curacoa, by the Franchifc Frigate ; the American Sciwnei 
Experiment, from Wilmrngton to Jamaica, by the }'chcan 

From f finch Paf' n . 

' The Brig Venus, Yoxley, of North Yarmouth ; the 
Antwerp Packer, ! owdcn, from Dublin to Lomun, are 
taken and carried into Calais. 

The Friendlhip, Featherfton, frem Dublin to Lon- 
don, taken by the General Perigr^on Privateer, is carried 
into a Port near Brcll. 

" The Fama Privateer, from Vigo, has taken a Veflel 
tinder Prudian Colours, from London to Lisbon, with dry 
(cods. 

' The Spai ifh Ship El Canna,from Monteveido, taken by 
n fcnglith Frigate, ir; retaken by the Sorciere Privateer 
of St. M..loes, and carried into Minden, at the entrance 
r.fn-.e Loire, 2il> February." 

The Frerta and Friendfcbaft, of Lu!>eck, Joel, from 
Nar.tes to St Aniiero, is detained by the Nile Lugger, 
ami 1'cr.t intu JM.mu'Uh. 

The Teutouia, of Bayonne, Pundt, from Bayenne to 
T-isJuii, is detained by the Naiad Frigate, and lent into 
JPI; mouth. 

The Triton, KuV.1, and the Friencifhip, Hcnfon, have 
6:cn cut out of Dim ir* RoaJ.s by the Cruller Biig, and 
fsnt into Yarmouth. 

The Buon .nna, Paulfen ; the Beile Juditte, and a 
Dinilh Vfflel, mine unknown, from Leghorn >o the Weft 
fi.rties, are taken by a Privateer ties.iiving to Tor- 
tola, and carric-d intn Ai*:igura t Mh<.re tlu-y are con- 

The Shaw Byr.iru?ore, , fro:n Manias to 

>:i>l, was taken in Laptember Lift by ;: Privateer, but 
fiv-n up, at tl.e jr-rtiuh ccul.1 not m: ' 



-, from Rochfort, for Lisbo 



kVen up, 

a: Un.,al 

Tim Mi 

i.uil by the Nuirid Frigate, and lent into Hy 

Th" itirliiiE Caftle, from Bengal to columbo, is re- 
f ovteii tj have been t ken in t..e Bay of lieng.il in Sep- 
ly a Privates. r. 

. , Ft I > i/f Bnmbay, foundered in July in 
a Gale Ufir ti;c ^.oul Hc:;ds. 

Ti.e llritaiuii.i, Rubiiilun, Country Ship, was loft in Au- 
gi.ft oti' Saugcr trjid^. 

The Falcon, F> r I, from Newfoundland to Opnrto, was 
ciptured oh" viana a;,out the midclU- jt' 1". -uruar) , L.y the 
T.inia Spauuh Sthojiu.)-, wi.ich i a.J pv.-.uaufiy taker, the 
VmbJen Packrt fruiu J.c-ndjn for Lisbon, and both cai- 
yipd into Vigo. 

The Admiral Duncan, i , from Oafpc* *', 
A'.tjn.- 1 ., Horn Pcii^ai.i.e ; an Am.-iican Scl -oot:er partly 
lrf.ie.i witli lug'ar ; ^nd n Spai iih PL..ICIX-, wirh hides, were 
w.ick;-. at Naples during a violent Gait on tlw jilt Ja- 

Crcwr, and par: of rhe i 

Ti:e Princevs Roj ut, of and from u orkington, in ballaft 
, Livtiy.l funk off the Ifl ot Mar. itth in.t.nt. 
Crew fa/L.I. 

i.ria, Hevtfon, from (>;itl'ec to London, was taken 
hrf- miie> of Beachy HcaJ, ui.J earned into ta- 
X.u the 1 2th December. 

l'..i- I'amiiiha, . from Opoiuitu London, was 

Cira'ly w icket! i.tar Earmoath, ili J.i;.uary. One hun- 

i; fived. 

alp Kane., from the Gulf; tl e Biit CreJe, bound 
lt> BuliUi:'- ; the Fly, Conipan/i CruilLr, from BuiS-rilij 
id the Snip ihre-.lmry, wvre taken in the Gu:f of P-.rfii 
in September and O.-t ,-rr Lii, by la Fortune* French 
p.; atr, which i; fmtre taken by thj Co., cord Frigate. 

Trie !.uty Maria, D.iwes, from Be:i t .l ta China, hiv- 
im; l.j| ne..rly all hi:r Crtw by r ,., ; ;;ii :o pu: 

iiLij Ar.!ii..yni, where ihe wai : ,;'and fei.t 

The Fieri, of St-.-f.ia, Hot', h~'ir,(l to Hamhro', ivas 
u.ii 5-11 iiidant on the fcrjj:kk of Helgoland. One 
men. 

The Mary Ann, Mortimorc, from Li/trpMl, is reputed 
on thr Coatt i/. 

Vhe Lark, . , from Newfoundland to P&jlr, is 

tXcn aud can-it.! in; i i 

T '..- Lut-y Jac; Dundaa wa ir. Dock aj Benral, having 
I iea-.. 

Vr.f A;i,ialufia, 

t.j C^.ii/, with ; , : , . ;u:tor 


Imouth. 



170 Men, out ten days from St. Andero, was CapfOrtrf 
inftant in Lit. 4^ N., long. 10. 15. W., by the Kitty, 
Mui^rave, of Londou, after an Action of one hftur and n 
half, in whKh the former had four Men killed and four- 
teen wounded; the latter, one killed and four uoundtu. 

The Juno, Saver, from Plymouth; the Garechtigheid, 
Harimcns, from Marennes ; the Hoop, A flcergreen ; the 
I;.duSry, Lobeck ; the Eieonora Charlotta, from Eour- 
ix, all bound to Embden, are detained and fei*t into 
Yarmouth. 

he Heroine, Dsurmer, from Smyrna to London, was 
take the 5th or February by the Hortenfe French Frlgate f 
n'l fuuk. The only Veifel of the Fleet captured by that 
'rigate, which put into Malaga icth February. 

The Earl of St. Vincent, from Cork to Gibraltar, is 
taken and carried into A gefiras. 

The Intrepid French Privateer has taken and carried 
nto Alicant two Englifli Xebecs of 6 tuns and 26 Men 

The Lord Nelfon Privateer, of Guernfey, has cut three 
Spanifh Vetlels out of the Grand Canaries j one of them 

rived a: Penxance nth init. 

The Thom.1-, and Sally, Watts, from London to St. Mi- 
chael's, ha- tce:i.captured by le Tigrc French Pru utter, 
(finte taken by :he Fifjjard Frigate,) witliin jo leagues of 
St. Mkhael's. 

The Ruby, Underbill, from Biddeford to Briftol, upfsit 
in Briftol c'nannel. Crew fayed. 

The stransrr, Riclardfon, from Gainsbro' to Whitby, 

on ftic.e near t lambro' Head, and it is feared will bo 
loft, 

The Georse, Fnrr^er, from London to Moeadore, 
yth February by four Spanifh Gun-boats, alter 
an EriEagt merit of two hours, and carried into Ceuta. . 

The New Kernfon, Barber, from Cork to London, ii 
totally loft on the Coalt of France. The Ciew faved, and 
made Prifoners. 

The Woualand CaSle, , from Smyrna to London, 

is fuppol'eil to have put back to iMalta. 

The P;.<rbus, Anderlbn, from London to Grenada, put 
into Gibraltar 29th December, difii^fted. 

The Mjry, Tate, trom London, and many other VcfleU 
were uriven on fhore at Gibraltar :sjth January. 

T|ie Hoy Vrow Marii, smith, from Lo:Mon to Emhdtn, 

Tne Hole, a^^^twa!, luli in January near Philadcl. 

'J'h.vi Eli7a, ' owey, from Amlterdam, was driven oa 
ftore i. ear Baltimore, in January, but expected to be 
not cr". 

Ti.e Fama de Figueir?., , from Figucira tn Li- 

verpool, is taken by a Privateer, and carried into Muros. 

A Spanifll Vellei frjm t;.e Havana, laden with lum, fu- 
gar, and cotton, pri7e to tl.e M-lpcini.'/Le Frigite, is 



f.iilc<! from P'irlfmoiiih i 



3d 



ch. 



'Joe Hi pe, Mil.varci, t'.oin Newtuu.'uhand to Oporto ; 
:.:..! tut- inc. H!]; v ii'rl Apo.uiiaei, Ptteri, from Luiuon u 
Oporto, win cake ^IB February b> a Row- 

./-vit 1'riv alter. The tr;rir.t.r i= retaken by the Syrjn, 
Codner, and arrived at Oporto j ana the latter Ici.t for 
Vigo. 

Tl.s Induftry, Eawyer, from Mairachufetts to Montf- 
' The Crew taken up by the New Cen- 
tury, from Bniion, arrivcii .t Di.biin on the 3d uiftar.t. 

Tne Sheffield, b'-iuthwcod, from London to Hull, wg 
t-ai;ii the 24111 February neai- Ciomer, by a French, Lug- 
S-.r Privateer, aiid carried into Gorce. 

The Ship Kent, of louth ShicU-,, in ballaft, from Lon- 
don, is du'cu.it i 

The Hibernia, Farrel, failed from Boiton s6tl> January 
for Trini.ud, ant wnb wrecked two days after. 

The Fanny, Wing, from the Hies of Frar.ce to Phila- 
delphia, is lort on the lUlaware. 

The L.-.t.t- from, M.-ij-jtl,, from New York, upfet 
ac Midi'ira the .id of January. About a third of tr. 
Cargo IV 

A Pi-ill.-. a.-rivcJ from the Illej of Frarcc, (via, Ame- 

tit-.i ;, !.;c!i phce he left the iSih November,' Bates thai 

ana aj. other Company's Sh.p, 

(fuppefca tu be the Prince of Wk), were carried in 

Ti\e .Arbuckle, \Vilfon, fVom \Vbitetaren to Cork an* 
o Roc<y Cove, :iear Cor^ Har* 
twur. 

Ti^e NS. del Peltr, a T ia Furtuna, from Veja Cru?, 
i: .^Kt-u by ;r.- t* ii i'rii'uJt;, auu i>;ntj 



T be 




CAP TAIN MAURICE 







,f*,v Lane Fleet Street . 



mOGRAPIUCAL MEMOIR OF 

MAURICE SUCKLING, ESQ.* 



" MINK HONOUR m:i:rs THE WEATHER OF MY FATE; 
LirK fcvi.KY UAN HOLDS BKAR; BUT THE BRATE MAN 
HOLDS UoNOUK FAB MORE PRECIOUS DEAR THAN LIFE." 

SHAKSPEARE. 

ALTHOUGH it may, unfortunately, be considered improper 
by some, in the present state of modern opinions, to attribute 
heroism and nobleness of character as the sole and inseparable 
appendages to illustrious Ancestry, and that the latter is the only 
certain fountain from which the former can flow; yet it is to be 
hoped, that the laudable superstition, if it be one, is not even 
at the present moment so completely eradicated, as to deny the 
lesser, and certainly modest point, that the example of the 
Ancestor possesses no mean influence over the conduct of the 
Descendant. 

* Descended from the same S'nclc with tin- n'l-.-hrated Poet, Sir John Suckling, 
Knight, \vho was born ;' in the Couu;y of IMiddlesex, in the year 1613, 

and oven in his infancy gave !: [>roof-<of his possessing those very elegant 

talents for which he aftcru ards i<e !>rafed. Ho is said to have spoken 

Latin at i\\ e years old, iu;d to have written it at nine; from this early foundation 
lie proceeded, in the course of h-s >'.mi ; .-.-s, to apply the use of words to the attain- 
ment of the arts and sciences, most of which lie arrived to, in an eminent degree. 
Those which he more particularly admired \\ere Afusicfe and Pi-fin/; and lliough 
he excelled in both, he professed m vlicr, so as to ma'.c them his business, but 
used them rather as his mist; a the iia: slmess ;.n;l dvyness of his other 

studies, ju.st as his leisure or fancy in-lined inm. His learning in other kinds was 
polite and general; and though the sprightliues.s aud vivacity of his, temper would 
not sutler him to be long intent vpon one study, yet he had that which made 
amends for it, in his strength of capacity and genius, which required less pains 
and application in him, than it did in others, to make himself master of it. When 
he had taken a survey of the most remarkable things at home, he travelled to 
digest and enlarge \iu notions, from a view of other countries; where he made a 
collection of their virtues, without any tincture of their vices and follies; only that 
some thought he had a lullo too much of the. French air, which being not so 
agreeable to the gravity and solidity for which his Father was remarkable, or 
indeed to the severity of the times he lived, in, was imputed to him as a fault, and 
the effect of his Travels. But it was certainly rather natural, than acquired, iu 
him; the easiness of his carriage and address being suitable to the openness of 
his heart, and to the gaiety, wit, and gallantry, which were so conspicuous in him; 
and he seems all along to have piqued himself upon nothing more than the cha- 
racter of a Courtier and n Fine Gentlemen; which he so far attained, that lie v^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR 

It \vill not perhaps be thought impertinent in us to have 
this point, when it is stated, that Captain Suckling, 
tin Subject of the present Memoir, was the maternal Uncle of 
the Lord Viscount Nelson, a name, which most indubitably 
must e\'cr Miii.d rcvert-d by every lover of his native Country, 
and by even' honest Briton, till the record of great and glorious 
deeds si all be no more. Without depreciating, as it certainly 
vmild be the most iniamous sin of ingratitude to attempt, the 
me: its of the noble Nephew, may we not venture so far as to 
cla m no small portion of regaid tor the Tutor, the Instructor, 
tin- Foster-parent, as he may wiihoul impropriety be called, in 
nautical pursuits, oi a Man whose high deserts have not in many 
instances been equalled, and in none exceeded. Captain Suck- 
ling was the Descendant of a Family holding considerable 
respectability, and boasting no small claim to antiquity, in the 

allowed^) have the peculiar happiness of making every thing he did, become 
him. 

He was not so devoted to the Muses, or to the softness and luxury of Courts, 
as to be wholly a stranger to the Camp: in his Travels, he made a Campaign 
tinder the Great Gustavus Adolphits, where he was present at three Battles and 
five Sieges, besides other Skirmishes between Parties; and from uch a con- 
siderable scene of action, gained as mucl experience in six months, as otherwise 
he iii-izlit have done in as many years. After hi* return to his Country, he raised 
a Troop o! Horse for the Kind's Service, entirely at his own charge, and so richly 
and compleu-ly mounted, that it stood him in twelve thousand pounds. But his 
emi.-avonrs did not meet with the success he promised himscJt, for His Majesty'* 
Service, which he laid very much to heart, and soon after this miscarriage, was 
seized with a fever, of which he died at twenty-eight years of age : in which 
short space lie had none enou ,U to procure him the love and esteem of all the 
Vlcn who conveised with him; but as he had set out in the World with 
all tin.- advantages ot birth, person, education, tatents, and fortune, he had raised 
expectation of him to a very great height; an>' if his character does not 
appear t; ju^h diM.ugiiished in <br history of those times, it can be ascribed to 
nothing but .the immaturity oi his death, which did not allow him time for action. 
His Poems are clear, sprightly, and natural; his discourses full, a-d convince,!: ; 
: - v,t>!l humoured and taking ; his Letters fragrant and sparkling: it was 

remarked too, that Ins thought* were not so loose as his expressions, nor his life 
v li.s thoughts; and at tiie same lime an allowance was made for his 
!<-xioii, ttSich would easily have been reclined by a 
>:i>< e. Of this we have instances in ins occasional dis- 
course aiM.,,1 Kd.uion to Lord Dorset, to whom he had the honour to bo related ; 
01 liu- posture of alfairs in the Stiit- to Mr. Jennin, afterward* 
N. Ai. an.s ii. hoi, i wi.di iie has discovered that he could Uiuik as cooJly, 
md reason a* justly, M Jiien of more years aud less fin.-. 



OF MAURICE 917 KLItfG, ESQ. 267 

County of Norfolk ; he entered into the Xavy at a very early 
age, and after having obtained the Rank of Lieutenant, by Com- 
mission bearing date March the eighth, 1744-5, remained 
without farther advancement for the space of ten years. 

This circumstance, v.hlch, acting on a general principle, nrght 
be considered as lessening the merit of an active and able 
Oiiicer, has, in the present instance, the singular eh'ect of 
redound ing most hig'.ly to his credit and honour. To establish 
this fact, it is not necessary to do more, than resort to the date 
of his Commission, as Lieutenai.t ; when it would be round, 
that the short continuance of the War, which existed not longer 
than three years, from that tinr>, might natural') be considered 
us precluding an exp;-cla'.K;n of udvancein.eiit, unless the regular 
pretensions of the most strictly mcni-Mi- i.s character were 
assisted by the extraneous aid of Family consequence and 
influence, or the fouaitous chance, which unhappily falls on'ylo 
the lot of a few, of signalizing themselves in that subdfchmite 
Station, to so eminent a degree, that the neglect of Promotion 
should become the a^B of public clamour. 

At the conclusion of the Peh-e in 1743, Mr. Suckling was 
obliged to be content v.iih ivi.uanii.g ur.adv anced, till chance, 
or the re-commencement of Hostilities, should again introduce 
him to the remembrance of those who kne\\ , a- d w',o would 
gladly have rewa:ded his abilities, hud not i.l:e cla'ins of merit 
far exceeded in number the power of official gratitude to -remu- 
nerate. The restless spit it of France, however, reviving on the 
instant she had acquired sufficient time to renovate her Marine, 
nearly ruined in the course of the preceding \V.:i. aid becoming 
daily more suspicions and alarming, with respect to the conl:nuanc 
of public tranquillity, Britain felt herself forcibly impelled t6 
the equipment of an Armament, sufficient to resist any insidiou* 
Attack made by an a:tful and designing Foe, ever watchful to 
seize the slightest opportunity of giat.fying her propensity to 
mischief, or advancing her own ambitious views. 

Among the first Officers who svere called forth in the Service 
of their Gun-try, on this occasion, was Mr. Suckling, who v.as 
appointed Captain of the Dread nought, a fourth Rate, of 60 
guns, by Commission bearing date December the 2d, 1755. 



268 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIft 

Very little apprehension being entertained of any mischief 
that could be effected by the utmost efforts of the Enemy 
against Great Britain herself, or any of her European Depen- 
dencies, the eye of national jealousy naturally became bent on 
the distant Colonies in the East and West Indies, as well as in 
North America : the Naval Force in those quarters \vas 
accordingly strengthened in such degree, as seemed sufficient to 
avert any danger with which they could be threatened. Among 
other Ships ordered to the West Indies, was the Dreadnought, 
where for some time no occasion presented itself, in which the 
abilities or gallantry of Captain Suckling could be called forth 
into Action: however, in the month of October, 1757, he ex- 
perienced some amends for his former inactivity. The Dread- 
nought making one of a small Squadron of three Sail, con- 
sisting, in addition to herself, of the Augusta and Edinburgh, 
the former of sixty, the latter of sixty-four guns, all placed 
underThe orders of Mr. Forrest *, Captain of the Augusta, as 

* The first intelligence concernim,' this Gentleman, is, that in the year 1741 
he served as Lieutenant of one of the Ships of War comp.-i/ed in the Armament 
under the orders of Mr. Vcrnon, employed in the successless Expedition against 
Cartbagena. He very eminently distinguished himself under the Captain-) Bos- 
cawen, Watson, and Cotes, at the At'iick of the Barradera Battery, having been 
among the foremost who entered the Enemies' Work at the head of a Party of 
Seamen. He does not, however, appear to have received that reward his intre- 
pidity may seem to have justly merited, for he was not promoted to the Hank of 
Post Captain till the 9th of March 174.J, at which tune i/e was appointed to the 
Wager. In 1746 lie was employed in the Ship on the Jamaica Station, where he 
had the good fortune to capture n very large Spanish Privateer, carrying 36 guns, 
and upwards of 200 Mei;, which had done considerable mischief, in the windward 
Passage, to the British Commerce, and had also a very short time before cap- 
tured the Blast Bomb-ketch. We find no mention made of him after this time 
till the beginning of the year 1755, when he was appointed to the Rye. He was, 
in a short time, promoted to the Augusta, and ordered to the West Indies, where, 
in the month of October 1757, Fortune favoured him with that memorable oppor- 
tunity of distinguishing himself, of which a particular account is given in the life 
of Captain Suckling. It is hardly sufficient to declare, that as the exertions of 
Captain Forrest, with the Officers under him, have not o;ily remained, even to 
the present day, unsurpassed, o have they, except in very fevy instances only, 
continued unrivalled. 

Private information, which perhaps in all matters of this sort is not at all 
inferior to official, states that Captain Forrest perceiving the shattered condition 
of all his Ships, (the masts, sails, boats and rigging, being mostly useless,) thought 
proper to withdraw, lest the loss of a lower mast should leave any of them at the 
fcercj of ta* Frigatts. Never was a Battle more furious iu the beginning; in tw 



OF MAURICE SUCKLING, ESQ. 269 

senior Officer, with the nominal Rank of Commodore, being 
ordered on a Cruise oft' Cape Francois, fell in with the French 
Squadron, consisting of seven Sail, four of which were of the 
Line, one of 44 guns, and two Frigates, which quitted the 
security derived from the Batteries under which -they lay, and 
put to Sea in the presumptuous hope of annihilating Mr. Forrest 
and his little Squadron, or at least of acquiring the houour of 
chiving him from the Cjast. 

The event, however, by no means answered what must 
naturally be supposed to have been the expectation of the 
Enemy: the British Captains, nothing dismayed at the apparent 
superiority of their Antagonists, prepared for Battle without a 
moment's hesitation : the particulars of the Encounter are thus 
officially related by Rear-Admiral Cotes, in his public Letter, 
written in Port Royal Harbour on the 9th of November fol- 
lowing, and which is nearly an exact copy of Mr. Forrest's own 
report to Mr. Cotes. * 

On the 25th of last month, Captain Forrest, in the Augusta, 
with the Dreadnought and Kdinburgh under his Command, returned 
from the Cruise off Cape Francois; on the 21st they fell in with 
seven Ships of War; at seven in the morning the Dreadnought 

minutes there was not a rope or sail hole in either Ship : the French use a shot 
which the English nculect, called langndgr, whic'i is very destructive in cutting 
the ritrjjhi'.:. The Augusta hud nine .Mill killed and thirty woun led. 

Tins highly dislinguishable display- of gallantry and intrepidity was quicklj 
afterwards followed I'v a sue.:-, -s uo less brilliant and remarkable, equally 
honourable to the Service and his Country, but happily much more advantageoui 
to himself; this was the Capture oi' the M.irs, a French Frigate, ot'o-> guns, twelve, 
nine, and six-pounders, with her whole Convoy; le Theodore, of 22 guns; la 
iMar^aretta, ot 16 guns; le St. Pierre, of 16 guns: le Solute, of 14 guns; la 
Flore, of 14 guns; le Morrier le Grand, of 18 guns; le Brilliant, of 14 guns; and 
la Monette, a Bngantine of 10 guns, bound from Port an Prince to Old France, 
laden with sugar, indigo, coifee, cotton, &c., which cost . 170,000. The Mar 
struck, upon receiving the first broadside, and all thj rest followed her example : 
he returned to England not long afterwards, and iu 1760, being appointed to the 
Centaur, was sent out to Jamaica, Commodore, and temporary Commander in 
Chief on that Station. lie sailed from England with a Convoy of thirty-four 
Ships, on the 16th of January, and arrived at Fort Royal on the 6th of March. 
He continued on the same Station during the remainder of the \Var, but without 
meeting with any occurrence worthy particular notice. In 1769 he was re- 
appointed to the same Command, with the established Rank of Commodore ; but 
lie did not long survive his arrival there, dying ou the 26th of May, 1770. 



270 BiocnArmcAL MEMOIR 

made the Signal for seeing the Enemy's Fleet coming out of Cape 
Francois, and at noon discovered with certainty they were four 
Ships of the Line, and three large Frigates. Captain Forrest then 
made the Signal for the Captains, Suckling and Langdon*, who 
agreed with him to engage them; accordingly they all bore down; 
and about twenty mim'tes after three the Action began with great 
briskness on both sides. It continued for two hours and an half, 
when (he French Commodore making a Signal, one of the Frigates 
immediately cauie to tow him out of the Line, and the rest of the 
French Ships followed him. Our Ships had suffered so much in 
their masts, sails, and rigging, that they were in no condition to 
pursue them. Both Officers and Seamen behaved with the greatest 
resolution the whole time of the Action, and were unhappy, at the 
conclusion of it, that the Ships were not in a condition to follow 
the French, who had Frigates to tow them off. The French on 
this occasion had put on board the Sceptre her full complement of 
guns, either from the Shore, or out of the India Ship, and had also 
mounted the Outarde Store-ship with her full proportion of guns, 
and had. taken not only the Men out of the Merchant Ships, but 
Soldiers from the Garrison, in hopes their appearance would 
frighten our small Squadron, and oblige them to leave the Coast 
clear for them to carry out their large Convoy of Merchant Ships; 

* This Gentleman was appointed a Lieutenant in 1743; hut no subsequent 
mention is made of him till his Promotion to the Rank of Post Captain; his first 
Commission bearing date June 5, 1756, for the Edinburgh. He was not long 
afterwards ordered to the West Indies, where, in the ensuing year, he highly dis- 
tinguished himself, under the Command of Captain Forrest, in the Attack and 
Discomfiture of the French Squadron, ofl'Cape Francis, the particulars of which 
are given in the Life of Captain Suckling. Mr. Langdon docs not appear however 
to have been fortunate enough to meet with any second and equally consequential 
opportunity of distinguishing himself, for we find no further mention made of him 
till the beginning of the year 1763, when he was promoted to the Ocean, a second 
Rate, then just launched. In this Ship he continued to serve during the remain- 
der of the War, employed, we believe, entirely in the Channel Fleet, tinder Sir 
Edward Hawkc, and other Admirals who held that Command, which became 
extremely uninteresting at that period, the French never venturing to send a 
Fleet to Sea after the signal Defeat they sustained at the destruction of Conflan's 
Armament, lie lived totally in retirement after the conclusion of the War; a 
circumstance unhappily occasioned by infirmities and ill health. So highly \\ere 
hi.i former merits and services esteemed, that when he became entitled, l<y 
seniority, to his Flag, though so long absent from actual Service, he was not put on 
the Superannuated List, but advanced to be Rear-Admiral of the White. This 
Promotion took place on the 26th of September, 1780; but he did not live long 
enough to experience any farther addition to his Rank, dyisg oa the 89lh of 
June, 1785, being then seventy-four years old. 



OF MAURICE SUCKLING, ESQ. 271 

but our Captains were too gallant to bo ternfied at their formida- 
ble appearance. So far from avoiding them, they bore down and 
engaged them with the greatest resolution and goud conduct; anil 
I have the piea.-uro to acquaint their Lordships, that the Captains, 
Officers. Seamen, and Marines, have done their duty on this occa- 
sion much to their honour. hope tiieir good behaviour will be 
approved by their Lordships. 

In respect to Captain Suckling himself, the following par- 
ticulars are adcLd, which peculiarly relate to him : " The 
^Dreadnought getting on the Intrepid's bo\\, kipt her helm hard 
on .starboard to rake her, or, i> she proceeded, to fall on board 
in the nv.^t advantageous situation ; but she chose to bear up, 
and continued to do so during the Action till she became dis- 
ab'ed. By thus bearing short on her own Ship, those astern 
were thrown into dismder, from which thev never recovered : 
and \vhen the [ntrepide dropped, and \\as relieved by the Opi- 
niatre, the Greenwich in contusion lell on board her, while the 
Sceptre pressing o'.i, the whole of the Eix-mes' Ships were 
funousiv cannonaded by the Edinburgh antj Augusta, especially 
the Intrepide, \\lnch lay dismantled ui a very shattered condition, 
having a signal out lor relict'."* 

It is asserted, a; id \\ith truth, that when a Council of Wai- 
was held, the question was not, what superior Foice ilie Enemy 
had, or how uneuuai the Combat? the Commanding Officer 
saying to the other two, " Geutlem*'!:, you see the Force of the 
Enemy, is li. your resolution to fi~ht ihtm or not?" Upon which 
they both resolutely answered, " It is.'' Here, subjoins the 
account, the Council of War ended, having lasted about half a 
minute. The whole of this short relation is strict in point of 
fact, biit being a mere abrid ed memorandum of what actually 

* Tlie Force of the Eneim's Squadron, which had hei :i equipped for the 
special purpose of attacking Capiaiu Suckling and his Companions, (and which, 
by the addition <>.'' extra Guns and Men, hud lx.cn rendered as formidable as all 
the means the co-idilkm and state ot th<; French Arsenal at Capo Francois allowed, 
aud the resources of iho Foe, as to the latter, admitted,) coiibiitcd of ihe Intrepid* 
and S ejiirc, of T4 cuns each; 1'Opiniatre, ot 64; 1'Outarde, oi 44; the Greenwich, 
of 50: a iui the - ivage and Unicorn, of 34 gua; each. To increase the disparity, 
the Edinburgh and the Augusta were both extremely foul at the time of the 
^Engagement. 



272 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR 

took place, we trust we sliall stand excused for entering into a 
more enlarged detail of it. 

As soon as the Enemy's Squadron \vas discovered to be in 
motion, and the circumstance Mas communicated by signal to 
Mr. Forrest, as senior Officer, he instantly answered it by 
another, requiring Captains Suckling and Langdon to come on 
board him. The Boats of both Ships reached the Augusta 
together, on opposite sides, so that the two Gentlemen arrived 
on the gangway at the same instant. Captain Forrest was then 
standing in the centre of the quarter-deck, near the barracade. 
" There are those Fellows," said he, " pretending to come out, 
and drive us off the Coast, what do you say ; snail we meet 
them, or not?" Langdon replied, " Yes." Captain Suckling, 
" By all means." " Then go back to your Ships," rejoined 
Captain Forrest, and clear for Action. They did so, and 
actually returned without either of them having stepped from the 
gangway to the quarter-deck of the Augusta. 

A whimsical occurrence took place during the Action, which 
was related to the Author of this Memoir, a great many years 
a gj by Captain Suckling himself. There was on board a very 
favourite monkey, which belonged to one of the Officers; by 
some accident it got loose while they were clearing Ship; the 
instant it regained its freedom, it ran up the mizen shrouds, and 
having seated itself very composedly on the truck, continued 
there quietly during the whole of the Encounter ; as soon as it 
ceased, the animal very deliberately returned unhurt to its former 
place of abode. 

To pretend any pre-eminent share of merit was attached to 
the conduct of Mr. Suckling on this occasion, would be an 
unjust depreciation of the characters of those Mho were his 
Colleagues : indeed no instance ever did, or could occur, where 
the exertions of all the persons concerned bore a more equal 
relation to each other: in few woids, they all seemed actuated 
in an equal degree by the same impulse ; and their Enemies found, 
to their cost, the energetic support each Man rendered his 
Companion formed a sufficient barrier against that wonderful 



OF MAURICE SUCKLING, ESQ. 273 

superiority, which Men possessing weaker minds would have 
considered it vain, or rash, to have contended against. 

The number of persons killed and wounded on board the 
Dreadnought, amounted to thirty-nine, which exceeded indeed, 
but in the most trivial degree, the loss sustained on board the 
other Ships, and the equality of disasters evidently proves the 
duly apportioned share which each Ship bore in the Contest. 

The following historical account abounds with many interest- 
ing particulars not elsewhere to be found, and is therefore with 
the greatest propriety introduced here. 

" His Majesty's Squadron on the Jamaica Station was com- 
manded by Rear-Admiral Cotes, who having the best intelligence 
of the Enemy's Force in those Seas, stationed his Ships so 
judiciously, and pursued such measures for the protection of our 
Trade; that, of the rich Fleet, consisting of one hundred and 
iiftv Sail of Merchantmen, which he sent to England under 

* ' O 

convoy of the L.ynn, and other Ships of War, not one fell into 
the hands of the Enemy. He sent the Augusta, Edinburgh, 
and Dreadnought, under the Command of Captain Forrest of 
the former, to cruise off Cape Frangois, \vhere the Enemy were 
assembling a Fleet for Europe : this Fleet was to be escorted 
by a Squadron of War Ships, commanded by Monsieur de 
Kersaint, who had arrived some little time before from the 
Coast of Africa, where he had pillaged some defenceless places, 
and made several valuable Captures. The Admiral hoped that 
Captain Forrest's Force would be nearly equal to that of Mons. 
de Kersaint ; but the French Commodoi e unexpectedly meeting 
\\ ith a Reinforcement of Ships at Cape Frangois, this, with the 
assistance of the Garrison, and the Seamen belonging to the 
Merchant Ships, now added to his Squadron, rendered him 
greatly superior to the Force under the Command ot Capt. For- 
rest. On the 21st of October, Mons. de Kersaint came out of 
Cape Francois, and with his formidable Squadron was in hopes 
of compelling Captain Forrest to quit his Station. At seven in the 
morning the Dreadnought made a Signal for seeing the Enemy; 
and by noon they could be plainly discovered from the quarter-deck. 



274 BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR 

Captain Suckling led the Van, Captain Forrest was in the Centra, 
and Captain Langdon in the Rear ; the Action commenced 
about twenty minutes after three o'clock, and continued with 
great briskness for two hours and a half; when the French 
Commodore made the Signal for one of his Frigates to come 
and tow him out of the Line. The rest of his Squadron soon 
after followed his example. 

<e Never did Officers or Men behave better than ours. Their 
good conduct was as conspicuous as their bravery. The Enemy, 
on the contrary, did not avail themselves of their evident 
superiority, and blundered very much. At the beginning of the 
Action the Greenwich shooting up too near the Intrepide, they 
had nearly fallen on board each other. This threw them into 
confusion ; which Captain Suckling observing, made all the 
advantage he could of it. When the Intrepide fell astern 
disabled, the Opiniatre shot up into her Station ; in doing of 
which, the Greenwich, still in confusion, got on board of the 
Sceptre. Unable to extricate themselves from their disagreeable 
situation, the whole group were furiously cannonaded by the 
Augusta and Edinburgh ; which last fairly drove the Sceptre out 
of the Line. 

" Our Ships had received so much damage in their rigging, that 
they were in no condition to pursue the Enemy. The Augusta 
had nine Men killed, among whom was the First Lieutenant; 
and twenty-nine Men wounded, twelve of them dangerously; 
with masts, yards, sails, boats, and rigging very much damaged. 
The Dreadnought had nine Men killed, and thirty wounded, 
twenty very dangerously ; lost her mizen-top-mast in the Action, 
and the mizen-yard shot down ; also the main-top-mast and top 
soon after the Action was over; every mast, yard, sail, rope, and 
boat unserviceable, except the fore-top-mast, and top-sail-yard ; 
with many shot in her hull. The Edinburgh sulFered least; she 
had only five Men killed, and thirty wounded ; but her masts, 
sails, and rigging, were much damaged, and some shot in her hull. 
' No War has produced a braver Action, nor a Victory gained 
ver such decided superiority. The French on this occasion 




Or MAURICE SUCKLING, ESQ. 275 

liad put 011 board the Sceptre her full complement of guns, 
either from the Shore, or out of an India Ship they had at the 
Cape. They had also mounted the Outarde Store-ship with 
as many guns as she had ports : and had not only taken Men 
from the Merchant Ships, but Soldiers from the Garrison. 
Their loss of Men was prodigious, there being between five and 
ix hundred killed and wounded. The Intrepide had her mizen- 
mast and main-top-mast much wounded, was thrice set on fire 
by her own powder, and the rigging and sails were so much 
damaged, that the Ship would not work. The Sceptre was so 
much disabled by the Edinburgh, as to be obliged to quit the 
Line before the Action was over. The Opiniatre was dis- 
masted, and otherwise greatly injured in her hull. The Green- 
wich had her masts, yards, and rigging greatly damaged, and 
thirty shot between Wind and Water. 

" Captain Forrest with his Ships was obliged to bear up for 
Jamaica, in order to get his damages repaired : and as soon as 
M. de Kersaint could get his Squadron ready, he sailed for 
Europe with his Convoy. On approaching the Coast of France 
they met a severe Storm, in which the Opiniatre, Greenwich, 
and Outarde, parting from their anchors in Conquet Road, 
drove ashore and were wrecked." 

Captain Suckling continued to command the Dreadnought 
during a considerable part of the remainder of the then existing 
War ; but v.'as not fortunate enough to meet with any second 
opportunity of distinguishing himself in a manner equally glo- 
rious to what he had done on the occasion just related. Having 
however returned to Europe in the year l?6l, and the Dread- 
nought needing considerable Repairs, Mr. Suckling was ap- 
pointed to the Lancaster, of 66 guns *, one of the Ships employed 
progressively under the Commands of Sir Edward Hawke and 
Sir Charles Hardy, in cruising in the Channel. But owing to 
the very severe chastisement the French had received from Sir 
Edward Hawke in the; Encounter off Belleisle in 1759, they 
never ventured ; and in so reduced a state indeed was their Navy, 

* A glass of Ships sin.ce grown into disuse. 



276 BIOGRAPHIC At MEMOIK 

that they never were able, even if such had been their wish, to 
send forth any Armament into the European Seas, capable of 
contending \vith the Fleet of Britain ; so that this period also of 
Mr. Suckling's Naval Life passed on as uninterestingly as had the 
latter part of his service on board the Dreadnought. On the 
19th of June, 1704, he married the Honourable Mary \Valpole, 
Sister to the late Lord, and eldest Daughter to Horatio*, first 
Lord VValpole, by Mary, Daughter to Peter Lombard, Esq, 

After the conclusion of the War, Captain Suckling took upon 
him no subsequent Naval Command till the year 1770, when he 
hoisted his Pendant on board the Raisonable, of 64 guns, one 
of the Ships put into Commission on the apprehension of a Rup- 
ture with Spain, on account of the very extraordinary conduct of 
that Court relative to the Falkland Islands-}-. The dispute 

* Horatio WalpoJe was born in 1678, hu was created Baron Walpoie, of Wol- 
terton, iu i756, and di.d in the ensuing year. Horatio was the second Son of 
Robert, Father to that well-known Character, Sir Robert Walpolc, afterward* 
created Earl of Orford, Prime M'liister during a considerable part of the Reign 
of King George the Second. He married July 21, 17t : 0, Alary Magdalen, 
Daughter of Peter Lombard, Esq., by whom (who died March 9, 1783, he had 
Horatio, the late Lord Thomas (who died March 1803) having married Novem- 
ber 14, 1750, Elizabeth, eldest Daughter of Sir Joshua Vauncrh, Ba-t., Father 
of Lord Himtingfield (which Lady died June 9, 1760), Im-l, 1st, Thomas, boru 
May 23, 1755; 2d, Catharine Mary, born July 8, 1756 ; 3d, Lambert Theodore, 
born Dec. S3, 1757, married April 11, 1788, Margaret, Sister lo the present 
Edward Clive, Earl of Powis, and was killed in Ireland, in an Action against the 
Rebels, June 1793, having had Issue by his Wife, two Daughters, Frances Mar- 
garetta, and Charlotte Louisa; 4th, Elizabeth, born March 8, 1759; Richard, 
a Banker in London, married Margaret, third Daughter of Sir Joshua Vannccb, 
Bart., and died August 18, 1798, and by her had, 1st, Mary Rachael, born July 
lo, 1760, married Dec. 30, 1797, the Rev. Ashton Vade, and has Issue, Caroline 
and a Son; 2d, Richard, bom June 15, 1762, married Jan. 23, 1792, Elizabeth,' 
Daughter of the late Sir Benjamin Hammer, Knight, and Alderman of London;. 
and 3d, Caroline, born July 23, 1765, married May 11, 1787 r tiic Hon. George 
Neville, Brother to Henry, second Earl of Abergavcnny, and has Issue, George; 
Robert, a Clerk of the Privy Council, married, May 1780, Diana Grosett (who 
died July 24, 1784), leaving Issue two Sons, Robert and George. He married, 
secondly, May 10, 1785, Sophia, Daughter of Richard Stert, Esq., and has Issue, 
Richard, Henry, William, Edward, Francis, Arthur, John, and Horatio; Mary, 
married to Maurice Suckling, Esq., who died June 5, 1766. 

t These Islands were probably seen by Magellan, Sharpe, and Drake ; never- 
theless Davies is supposed to have been the first that discovered them in 1592. In 
the year 1594 they were visited by Sir Richard Hawkins, who saw some fires, 
and supposed them to have been inhabited. They were called by him Hawkins- 
Maiden Land. The name of Falkland is said to have btcn given to them by Cap*. 



OF MAUntCE SrcKLlJffi, SQ. 277 

amiralilv termiinted, the Raisor.able was put out of Com- 
mission) aad Giptain SacMitig was, in the mouth of May 1771, 
appointed to coai-nand the Triumph) of 74 guns, one of the 
CJuard ships stationed; according to the custom of the Peace 
Establishment, r<) the River Medway. In tin's Ship he remained 
dun;;;,,' ih usual allotted period of three years, and his appoint- 
ment lias since become particularly interesting to the Country, from 
its having been the sera v. hen the first rudiments of Maritime 
knowledge were implanted in that great and ever to be honoured 



Strong, iii 1639. Rog^ewin, w'lo passed by the ;<st Coast in the year 1721, 
called them South Bel jia ; they have like /.is.- been c'i!!f.d Xc\v Islands of St. 
Lewis, and Mallouines, but the name of Falkland lias generally prevailed. 
They consist of two large IslanJs, with a great number of s,.:.iilcr .surrounding 
them, and are situated in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, to the eastward of the 
Straits of Magellan. In the year 1764, Coniino -lore Byron was dispatched by the 
British Court to take po=session of those Islands, an<l settle a Colony at a place 
which he called Port Kgmont. They were at first represented as a valuable 
aivnisition, but were ceded to Spain in the year 177-1. Iii'ic,-d I'lC'se Islands dor 
liot- suem likely to have been any advania',e to Great Britain, as we l^arn from the 
observations of Captain jM'Bride, who says, " We ionad n n::iss of Islands and 
broken Lanrls, of which the suil was nothing but a bog, with uo belter prospect 
than that of b .rren Mountains, beaten by Storms almost p Tpetuai. Yet this ia 
Summer, and if the Winds of Winter hold their natural proportion, those who li 
but two cables length from the Shore must ps weeks without having any cor- 
municaiion with it." Besides the names above mentioned, they have also been 
failed Pepy's Islands, arid Sebakl de Wert's Isluuds. Loii^. 56 SO', to 6^* 16' 
W., Greenwich ; lat. 51* 6', to 52 30' S. 

The Author of the History of England, in a scries of Letters from a Nobleman 
to his Son, generally, though erroneously attributed to Lord Lyttleton, wives the 
following concur: account of the transaction: " In the course of the Summer the 
Spaniards sent out some Ships and seized upon Falkland's Islands, where the 
English hail lately made a Settlement, and erected a Fort; an:) this violation of 
Peace had nearly involved us in a War wih that Xation. A Negotiation, 
however, took plac.-, and the Spaniards restored the Islainis. It WHS privately 
stipulated that they should be afterwards evacuated by Great Britain, and 
since that time no settlement has bepn made upon them. The pens of the 
Political Writers v.'cre employed to magnify or diminish the coiv; pience of 
these Islands, according as they v/era cii.a ' for <r a_;in)sl tiie Ministry. 
Junius, a popular and elegant Writer, whose real n;;ue has ju-ver yet been dis- 
covered, was at this time a formidable Opponent to A ununsiratic.i; and Dr. 
Samuel Johnson, whose moral a;id criticnl writuiii.s are u'>ove ail praise, ranged 
himself on their side. On the whole, if the aitroiu to the Nation be overlooked, 
it does- not appear that the posstssiou of these Islands was worlli contending 
for" 



378 BTocnArmcAT, MI:MOIH or MAURICE SUCKLIKG, ESQ. 

Character, the present Lord Viscount Nelson*, who is NtpheMT 
to this Gentleman. The foregoing was the last Command he 
ever held as a Naval Officer ; for very shortly after he quitted 
the Triumph, he was appointed Comptroller of the Navy, as 
Successor to Sir Hugh Palmer, who was about the same time 
appointed a Flag Officer. On this event taking place, Captain 
Sucklin <y was chosen Representative m Parliament for the 
Borough of Portsmouth, but did not long enjoy these honours, 
bavins, though in the very prime of life, fallen a Victim to sud- 
den disease hi the month of July 177B. 

HERALDIC PARTICULARS. 

Suckling, of Wodton, or Wooton, in Norfolk, is a very ancient 
Familv, whose pedigree is carried on in the visitations of that 
Country from a high date to 1664, when Robert Suckling, of 
Wodton, some time High SherilF of Norfolk, certified the last 
entry of it, and had then living Robert his Son and Heir, twenty- 
one years old, two other Sons, Charles and Phiiip, and three 
Daughters. Sir John Suckling, who died in 1627, Comptroller 
of the Household, and a Privy Counsellor to James the 1st and 
Charles the 1st, and Father to Sir John Suckling, so well known 
to the World for his Poetical talents, was a younger Son of Robert 
Suckling, of this House. There is a small chasm, for want of 
modern entry of pedigree, in the descent of this Family, down to 
the present day; but certain it is, that the Ancestor of Lord Vis- 
count Nelson was of the Wodton Line, and he was most probably 
a Son to one of the Sons of that Robert, who is mentioned above- 
as having been living in 1664. The connexion of Lord Nelsoa 
with the Sucklings is this : Edmund Nelson, Clerk, M. A., for- 
merly of Cains College, Cambridge, who died at Bath, April 26, 
1802, married Catherine, Daughter of Maurice Suckling, D. D., 
Prebendary of Westminster, by his Wife Anne, who was Daugh- 
ter of Sir Charles Turner, of Warham, in Norfolk, Knight and 
Bart., by Mary, Sister of Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford. 

The Arms of Suckling are, per pale azure, and Gules, thre* 
Stags trippant or, the Crest, a Roebuck currant, 'or, bearing iu 
the mouth a branch of honey-suckle proper. 

* Vidf NAVAL CUBONICLH, Vol. Ill, page 153, et aeq. 



279 



NAVAL ANECDOTES, 
COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &e. 

NANTES IN GURGITE VASTO. 

ANECDOTES OF CAPTAIN ELPHINSTONE, OF THE RUSSIAN NAVY. 

(From CARII'S " Northern Summer.") 

A FTER the Battle between the Russian and Swedish Fleets off 
Cronstaih, in May 1780, Captain Elphinstone, then a very 
young Lieutenant, was dispatched by his Uncle, Admiral Creuse, 
to Catherine, who was at that time at the Palace of Zarsko Zelo, 
wit.i an account of the successful manoeuvres of her Fleet. For 
four days and nights preceding, the Empress had taken no rest, 
vand but little refreshment, the greater part of which time she had 
passed upon the beautiful Terrace near the Baths of Porphyry; 
listening, with the greatest anxiety, to the distant thunder of the 
cannon, which was so tremendous, that several windows in 
Petersburg were broken by its concussion. It is said that, anti- 
cipating the last disaster, her horses and carriages were ready to 
convey her to Moscow. Young Elphinstone arrived at the Palace 
late at night, in his lighting clothes, covered with dust and gun- 
powder, and severely fatigued with long and arduous duty. His 
dispatches were instantly carried to the Empress, who ordered her 
Page in waiting to give the Bearer refreshments and a bed, and 
requested that he might on no account be disturbed. The gallant 
Messenger availed himself of her graciousness, and u tired Nature's 
sweet restorer, balmy sleep," never quitted his eyelids till the 
dawn had far advanced, during which period Catherine had sent 
-three times to see if he were awake. At length Captain Elphin- 
stone, in all his di<habille, was conducted to her presence by her 
Secretary, when she commenced an enchanting conversation, in 
which she complimented the gallantry and many Naval Achieve- 
ments of his Family ; and after proceeding upon various topics for 
flbout half an hour, she said, calling him " my bson." " Now let 
us proceed to business : I have received the dispatches, which have 
afforded me inlinite satisfaction ; I thank you lor your bravery and 
zeal; I beg you will describe to me the po>nion of the Ships," 
which, as Captain Elphinstone explained, she indicated with her 
pencil upon a leaf of her pocket book; and as she gave him her 
orders to the Commander in Chief, she presented him with a rouleau 
of ducats, a beautiful little French watch, and ; although very 
young ; promoted him to the rank of Captain. 



280 NAVAL ANECDOTES, 

It was during this Battle that the Swedish Monarch behared 
with his accustomed gallantly: as he was rowing in his Barge, and 
giving his orders, in the thickest of the Battle, a shot earned away 
the hand of the Strokesman, and at this moment a small Russian 
Vessel of War discovering the King, bore down upon him; the 
brave and generous Monarch seeing the accident which his poor 
.Bargeman had sustained, and his own personal peril at the same 
lime, calmly took out his handkerchief and bound it over the 
wound, then leaped on board one ot his Gun-boats, and mira- 
culous!^ escaped, by that good fortune which never favours little 
minds, at the instant when his Barge was hoarded by the Enemy, 
the cushions of which were preserved in the apartment of Captain 
Elphinstone, in the Marine iiarracks, as Trophies of War and 
cf i urn niry. 

THE EMPRESS CATHERINE, AND ADMIRAL CREUSE. 

(From the s,nr,e,) 

A SHORT time after the Swedish Fleet had retired, the gallant 
and venerable Admiral Creuse, who commanded the Russian Fleet, 
paid his respects to his Sovereign. Owing to the corpulency of 
the Admiral, the narrow plank rioor of the presence-chamber 
shook with his weight, which the Hero remarked with some little 
humour to Catherine, when she turned this trivial circumstance 
into the following beautiful compliment : " My brave Creuse, 
wherever you go you make the Earth shake under you, and your 
Enemies tremble." 

SIR SIDNEY SMITH. 
(From the. same.) 

BEING sent, some years since, on Shore upon the Irish Coast 
with a brother Officer, who is now holding a deservedly high 
situation in the Service, to look for some Deserters from their 
Ship, ai'ter a long, fatiguing, and fruitless pursuit, they halted at 
a little inn 'o refresh themselves: having dined, Sir Sidney on a 
sudden became silent, and seemed lost in. meditation : " My dcrk 
for your thoughts," exclaimed his Friend, gently tapping him on 
the shoulder; ' what project, Sidney, has got possession of you 
now?" " My good tellow," replied the yo;;r.g Warrior, his 
expressive countenance brightening as he spoke, " you will no 
doubt suppose me a little di&oidered in my mind, but i have been 
thinking that, beiore twelve > i-ars shall have rolled o\er my head, 
I shaM make the British Arms triumphant in Holy Land." We 
need not knock at the cabinet door of St. Cloud to know how 
splendiJly this prediction, was vcriaed. 



COMMV.KCt.U, HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 281 

MARINE MUSEUM AT ST. PETERSBURG. 

Tuft Emperor of Russia proposes forming an Institution at St. 
Pctor-burg lor the purpose of improving the Navy, which is to be 
called the Marine Museum. In this Institution, lessons in all the 
Sciences necessary to be knov. a by a S&v Officer will be given. It 
will publish a sort of Journal upon every subject that concerns the 
Marine. There v. ill be attached to the Museum a library and a 
collection of natural history, which will be constantly open to the 
Students, 'iae Lslabi^hmtnt is to be under the direction of the 
Miniver of the Marine, and the Membei-j are to wear an uniform 
like that 01' the Marines. 

IMPROVEMENT IN SAILS. 

A MR. MALCOLM CONVAX has recently obtained a patent 
for sails for Ships that may be reefed in a few minutes, in the mo-i 
tempestuous weather, by \t-ry few Seamen, &c. 

The advantages proposed by this imeniion arc as follow: 
To enable Ships to reef their courses in a few minutes; 1st, on a 
Ive Shore, in stonny weather, when it may be necessary to reduce 
the. sails, though at the same time it may be dangerous to take 
their effect oil' the Ships by hauling them up to reef them on the 
yards; 7<lly, when the. Ship-,' C.-::MS are reduced by sickness, by 
part of them being in Prizes, or employed on Shore, or weakened 
by labour or fatigue ; 3dly, in gales of Wind in frosty weather, 
when it is diflicult to handle the sail; -Ithly, in Merchant Ships 
with few Seamen, because the sails can be hauled up and set again 
in less time, as one part of the sail is taken oil' or set again at a 
time, and consequently requires less of the force of the Wind. 

AVo are. also assured bv The Patentee, that when Ships are obliged 
to carry i: press of sail in squally weather, in chase, &c., the sails 
may be reefed and >et again in a minute, without starting tack or 
:. or risk of splitting. If a sail should split in one part, it 
would be stopped by (lie reef-bands. When the sail is hauled up 
it will be almost furled to the yard, and bent to the cringles, on the 
rope of the reef-band. The weight of the reel's is removed from 
the yard to the foot of the >all. without increasing the strain on 
the yards. The ?-ai!s being reduced at the foot instead of the head, 
will stand longer and beUer in a Gale of Wind, as ihe squarcst part 
of the sail is taken oil' when reefed. These sails can be easily 
hauled up out of the lire of guns, &c., and the expense of them 
will be less; though th.-y will last longer, from not being liable to 
plit in hauling up or setting. Half-worn sails made in the t^ 

o o 



282 WAV At ANECDOTES, 

form may be altered, and from the saving in the wear and tear will 
abundantly pay the expense. 

The mode of working these sails is thus explained by the 
Inventor : 

"When the courses are to be reefed, cast off the lower clews 
from the thimbles in the upper clews, haul up the slacksail by the, 
bunUines, and haul tort the ree.f-linc, one part at a time, from the 
middle of the sail towards the clews, and make it fast round the 
upper clews, so as to confine the lower clews. 

To set the sail, reeve a few turns of the lashing for the clews, 
and haul them down, overhauling the reef-line and buntlines. 

To reef the top-sails, send a Man up to each lower yard arm, 
settle the haulyards, and haul the sail down by the reef-tackles, 
and pass the turns of the earrings through the thimbles in the 
earring cringles and on the foot-rope, and make them fast. Hoist 
the sail tort up, haul through the slack of the buntlines, and 
haul tort the reef-line on each side towards the clews, and make 
fast. 

The top-gallant-sails are reefed in the same manner by earrings 
at the lower part, and a small gasket rove as a reef-line ; or from 
the deck by the clewlines and a buntline. 

The buntlines and reef-line will confine the slack-sail, when 
reefed, close up in the wake of the reef-band ; and the buntlines 
will only require to be kept hand tort, as is usual, to prevent them 
from chafing the sail. 

The Minotaur, of 74 guns, has reefed these courses in two 
minutes, in a Gale of Wind, without sending a Man o.T the fleck. 

The Patentee asserts, that sails made on this plan Iving adapted 
to square-rigged Vessels of every description, may, in many 
situations, be the means of saving them from destruction, particu- 
larly in the Winter Season, when so many Ships are unavoidably 
exposed in Gales of Wind to the danger of lee Shores and narrow 
Seas. 

CURE OF THE YELLOW FEVER. 

A CASE of the yellow fever has been recently cured in Jamaica 
by sweating in the steam of hot sugar. The Lad upon whom tiiis 
experiment was made was placed close to the steams of the cop- 
pers, which had an instantaneous and happy etioct. The pulsa 
fell from 100 to 70 in a few minutes; the sweat poured oiF in 
streams ; his head was immediately relieved ; and he did not com- 
plain of being too hot, notwithstanding a breath of air could not 
pnter the room, and he was surrounded with the steam of sugar 



COMMERCIAL HINTS, RECOLLECTIONS, &C. 283 

from all the coppers. The process was repeated the next day, 
after which the Patient put on his clothes, came down stairs, said 
he MAS quite well, and eagerly called for food. 

CAPTAIN WOODRIFFE. 

IN" consequence of the skill and bravery exhibited by Captain 
Weodriffe, of His Majesty's Ship Calcutta, (through whose perse- 
verarice the Convoy under his protection has been preserved from 
the hands of the Enemy), the Owners and Underwriters on the 
Ship and Cargo of the Indus have proposed a subscription of 2/. 
per cent, upon the sums insured, to be presented to that excellent 
Officer, the Officers acting under him, and Crew, as a small token 
of their graiituuc for the service he has so ably and honourably 
rendered them on die occasion. It is not easy to discover in a 
moment the sum insured ; but admitting it to be 200,OOQ/. (and 
it cannot be much less), the sum to be presented to them will 
be 4000/. 

SIR JOHN THOMAS DUCKWORTH, K.B. 

LATELY, as the gallant Vice-Admiral Sir J. T. Duckworth, 
K. C., was walking over the new horse-road making on the 
Stonchouse-hi!l, Plymouth, not knowing that the road was broken 
up, slipped his foot and fell down the hill seven or eight feet. By 
the fall he bruised his side and hurt his wrist, but providjutially 
received no other damage, and is now quite .recovered from the 
accident. 

CAPTAINS MA1TLAND AND DONELI.Y. 

THE Freedom of the City of Cork was, on the 18th October, 
unanimously voted by the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Common Council, 
to be presented in a silver box to Captain Maitland, of the Loire 
for his zeal and gallantry, displayed on many occasions in the pub- 
lic Service, and for his unremitting and successful exertions i'or the 
protection of the Trade of this Port. It was also unanimously 
voted to Captain Donelly, of the Narcissus, in consideration of his 
public character, aud cordial and polite reception of. and attention 
to, the Mayor and Corporation, on an occasion when they waited 
on him on board his Ship. 

SHIP LAUNCH. 

THIS morning, 7th October, as early as ten o'clock, great 
numbers of people began to assemble at His Majesty's Dock-yard, 
at Deptford, to view the Launch of a Ship of the Line. v -Ji- 
porary booths were erected for the accommodation of the respec- 
table part of the company ; also a booth for the reception of some 



284 NAVAf. ANECbOTLS, 

tranches of (he Royal Family, which were expected. The gafe* 
of the Yard were opened, and a vast concourse of people of all 
descriptions admitted to witness the Launch. It was expected that 
Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales would have attended. 
After wailing near half an hour beyond the appointed time, the 
Ship went oil' the stocks at 28 minutes past one o'clock, and never 
was a liner Launch seen : it called forth a burst of applause from 
the surrounding Spectators, the Uaiid of the Tower liamlets, at 
the same time, striking up u Ki-le Britannia." >;. /v was chris- 
tened the FA.M E : !i.i--a. \( ry due Figure at her head of the Godd;^ : 
is rated a 7-J-gm Ship, but mounts 8J, sixteen of which art 
pound carronadcs, eight on the quarter-deck, six on th poop, 
and two oil the forecast !e. She. is built on a new construction ; is 
very roomy, chocks substituted for knees. She was lain;: ;, -d with 
jury-masts in, and dirccliy aiter the Launch sail-, were hoisted, 
and she was talv"n down to Woolwich, where she is immediately 
to bedecked and sheathed, the dry Dock at Dep'ford not :>< 
large enough to receive her. C;; :>re, late of the Indefa- 

tigable Frigate, is appointed to command her. 

Just after the Launch His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex 
arrived in his barouche: although His Renal Highness was not 
quite early enough to see the Launch, he Ji:ul a line view of the 
Vessel as she passed the Yard on her way to Vv'oolwich. Ilis 
Royal Highness, attended by Admir;*.! Stanhope, went on board 
the Arrow Schooner, in Dock, fitting for Sea. viewed the improve- 
ments in her building, at which ho seemed much pleased : he after, 
wards visited the Boat-house, Mast-house, kc., and returned to 
his carriage at the gates, at hail-past two, where the Tower Ham. 
lets Militia, on duty at the Yard, were drawn up to receive him. 
lie took leave of Admiral Stanhope, and the other Gentlemen who 
attended him, alter politely thanking them for their attention, and 
returned to Tov.n. 

At the Launch no accident happened ; but we are sorry to 
state, that one of the Labourers (John Morgan,) fell oiF the 
quarter-deck into the hold, in the morning, and was killed oo 
the spot. 

DOCK-YARD,, CHATHAM. 

THE payment of the Dock-yard at Chatham, for Midsummer 
Quarter, commenced on Monday, 7th October, and concluded on 
Friday ; and on Saturday last, for the first time, subsistence money 
was paid to every working Manto Shipwrights and Caulkers,, 
twenty-five shillings to Joiners aaid some others, twenty shilling 



COMMrilCIAI. HINTS, RECOI.L1XTION3, &C. 235 

anil so gi t !xl;:al!y downwards to the Yard Labourer. This pre- 
ti tides the necessity of the Men hiring money for the quarter, 
commonly termed dealing, whereby they were compelled t.o pay 
enormous interest, besides being under the disadvantage of spend- 
in'; I'.eir money with such shop or alehouse-keepers as they might 
happen to deal with. 

SUCCESS FRIGATE. 

THE Success Frigate narrowly escaped being lost off Porto Rico 
in July last: she was chasing a French Privateer of 14 guns, 
when she grounded in Bayoneso Bay, and remained in that stat* 
for two days, when, after throwing twenty of her guns overboard, 
she got oii', and arrived at Jamaica on the 1st of August. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 

Copenhagen, Sept. 3. IN consequence of the reports mad* 
by Adjutant-General Ovencrn, the King has ordered the erection 
of lights with rejecting lamps for the direction of Navigators in the 
Baltic. Most of the Ships which navigate the Baltic having 
occasion to pass before Christiansoe, they run the risk of being 
wrecked off that place or the neighbouring Islands. To prevent 
these misfortunes, and to point out the course which Ships ought to 
take, it has been thought proper to erect on the great tower of 
Christiansoe, a light composed of nine reflecting lamps, the circuit 
of which maybe made in three minutes; so that, when the nine 
large lights are seen in the distance, it requires about twcni.j 
seconds to pass from one to another. The lights will disappear in 
the intervals, bnt may always be seen, unless the Vessel be at too 
great a distance. These lights are to be placed at the height of 
ninety-two feet above the level of the Sea. This elevation has 
been adopted to prevent this Beacon from being mistaken for that 
which has stood for some years at the Northern Point of the l-lu 
of Bornholm, and in which the light is made by a coal fire. This 
light is two hundred and seventy-two feet above the level of the 
Sea, and in clear weather maybe distinctly seen five or six miles off 
at Sea. The lights at Christiansoe will be displayed, for the first 
time, on the first of October, 1805, and will be kept up, conform- 
ably to the ordonnance of the 21st March, 1705, and the procla- 
mation of the 1st February, 1799 ; that is to say, from Easter tp 
Michaelmas, from one hour after sun-set to sun-rise; and in Win- 
ter,, from half aa hour after* sun-set to sun-rise. 

FJIWLE.V, ToxafR, &c. 



2<$ NATAL ANECDOTES, &C 

ACCOUNT OF Tlir SUFFERT-VCS AND DEATH OP TWO OFFICERS 
AND PART OF THE CREW OF THE HON. EAST INDIA COMPA- 
NY'S LATE CRUISER FLY. 

[Eilracted from a Letter to a Gen' '; arrived in Calcutta from Bombay 

in the Ship Cambrian.] 

<( THE Queen arrived here last week with dispatches. Poor' 
Youl, after being taken by the Josame Arabs, was carried k> the 
Coast of Arabia with a Mr. Loanc, Mr. Flower, and thirteen Euro- 
peans, part of the Crew of the Fly; the whole of whom suffered 
great hardships, and were actually sold for Slaves, but through the 
intercession of a Wahabie Chief (who had been among the English 
when they were on- the point of being sent up the Country on 
camels which came down on purpose for them), they were released 
from slavery, and a few days afterwards (those who had survived 
the ill treatment which they received, and tha severity of hunger, 
subsisting only on a scanty allowance of dates, and now and then 
a few cockles which they picked up on the Beach, together with 
exposure to a burning sun or violent rain, j' were permitted to 
occupy a corner of a Boat going to the Persian Shore, about tea 
of whom arrived safe at a place near Nuckheloo, and thence shaped 
their course towards Bushire, begging a little food as they went 
along : the relief, however, obtained by this appeal to the huma- 
nity of the few whom Providence threw in their way, being but 
trilling, was equally divided. Yonl, Loane, Flower, and one or 
two of the Men kept together, and luckily a Boat or Dow going 
to Bushire, came near the Shore, and they got on board of her. 
The day afterwards a fever attacked poor Youl; he lingered four 
days, completely worn out; and I regret that I must add, he died 
the. day before they got to Bushire. Mr. Flower died the day 
after their arrival at Bushire. Mr. Loane has arrived here in the 
Queen, and fears that of sixteen Europeans only three have sur- 
vived. Poor Youl was once within five days sail of Bombay, and 
little thought of the train of misery that was to bcfal them.'* 
Bombay Gazette, Fed. 6. 

CORRESPONDENCE. 

MR. EDITOR, 

HP HE following account of a late melancholy Event, and 
some further Anecdotes of the late CAPTAIN GEORGB 
CLARKE, are worthy of a place iu your Chronicle. 

S. S. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 287 

OX Tuesday, October the first, George Peters, Esq., George 
Iloare, F^q., and Captain George Clarke, of the Royal Navy, 
wont on board Mr. Hoarc's Sailing Boat, with the intention of 
proceeding down the River, as far as Gravesend. Off Woolwich, 
about three in the evening, the Sailing Boat got aground; when 
Captain Clarke, attended by his friend Mr. Peters, went into a 
small Boat, with a rope, in order to tow the Sailing Boat afloat. 
This they accomplished; and had returned so near to their Com- 
panions, that Mr. Peters, with too much eagerness and impatience, 
stood up to throw the rope on board; in the act of doing which, 
he lost his balance, and upset the Boat. 

The Current in Woolwich Reach is very strong; and the 
Sailing Boat then making much way through the water, and 
refusing to come round, Mr. Hoare could lend them no assistance: 
oars, and different articles, were thrown overboard, but without 
effect. A Collier, that was passing, and saw their distress, would 
give them no assistance: probably, as we hope, not being aware 
of the danger. Mr. Peters, unable to swim, was supported by his 
gallant Friend Captain Clarke; who, with his weil known human, 
nity, paid too little attention to himself: after repeated, ami 
ineffectual efforts to save Mr. Peters, Captain Clarke's strength 
became quite exhausted, and he was seen gradually to sink. At 
that awful moment, a Boat put off to his assistance, and saw part 
of the body of Captain Clarke still floating ; but before they could 
reach the spot, he sunk with his Friend to the bottom. Their 
bodies, after remaining four hours under water, were found, an<J 
placed during the night in the Sailing Boat: on the ensuing morn T 
ing they were conveyed in two hearses to the house of Mr. Peters, 
jn Park Street, Grosvenor Square, and were buried in the Church 
of St. Andrews, Jlolborn, on Tuesday the eighth inst. 

Captaiu Clarke was well known, and universally respected in 
the Service. He was the third Son of the late Rev. Edward 
Clai N ke, and was brought up at Tunbridge, the same School whew 
Sir Sidney Smith received his education, under Dr. Knox. The 
openness of his heart, and inflexible attachment unto truth, were 
soon remarked, and valued by his Master. He was introduced to 
the notice of Lord Hood by the late George Medley, Esq., his 
Godfather; and after di '. >,g himself on several occasions, 

and particularly whilst First Lieutenant of the Lowestoffe Frigate, 
in an Action with two French Ships of superior force, (an account 
qf which was given m the Memoir of Captain Buckoll)^ Lieut 



2S8 

Clarke was promoted to the Rank of Commander, by Ear! Sf. 
Vincent, in the Mediterranean, at the request of the late Admiral 
Payne. After continuing on that Station Tor some time as Com- 
mander of 1'Anrore, stationed at Gibraltar, Captain Clarke 
returned to England, as Commodore of Lord Nelson's Prize* ; 
and it Mas owing to his skill, and judgment, that those Ships, in 
their then shattered sfafe, ever arrived in safety : his fatigue, and 
exertions on that occasion, brought on a severe illness, under 
Which he long laboured. During the year 1SOO, he was appointed 
by Lord Spencer to the Braakel, of 64 guns : and after having 
Admiral Ilollovvay's Flag on board, during the Summer of that, 
year, in Portsmouth Harbour, Caps air. Clarke >, d to tho 

Egyptian Expedition: he received a Medal from t..e Grand 
Signior, a Box set with diamonds, and other marks of his favour; 
And was afterwards sent to protect our Factory at Smyrna, and to 
watch the secret cabal of the French in Gn-ece. On his return to 
England he was ordered to lit for Admiral Russel's Flag: wlii'ii 
it was discovered that the same Ship, which Captiin Clarke had 
brought from the Levant, was not even safe to go round to 
Yarmouth. 

During the Egyptian Expedition, Captain Clarke's humanity to 
cur wounded Soldiers gained him the esteem of General Sir Ralph 
Abercrombie, and of Lord Hutchinson. At a considerable 
expense, and whilst himself and most of his Officers were severely 
indisposed with the fatigue they had endured, Captain Clarke was 
the blessed J:HV,US of saving the lives of 350 of our wounded Sol- 
diers, who were brought from the plains of Egypt, and had been 
senc away by many of the other Ships. This gallant. Officer gave 
them up his own eabins, and ordered his Lieutenants to do iiie 
same; and then fed and nursed the maimed with his own hands. 
He then went to the Commander in Chief, Lord Keith, and pro- 
cured Surgeons sufficient to attend them. On Captain Clarke's 
return to Europe he offered' a passage in his Ship to the French 
General Le Grange, who has since commanded in the West 
Indies. The attention and courtesy which Le Grange thus 
experienced, he always declared should be returned, as they have 
been, should he ever take any Englishmen Prisoners. 

Such, Mr. Editor, is a short Sketch of this amiable and 
excellent Ofiiccr; \\hosc death, particularly 'at this moment, 
may be considered as a loss to his Country. Had he lived, lus 



CORRESPONDENCE. 

undaunted spirit, and professional skill, would have been severely 
ielt by our Enemies. Yet 

" Sunk though he be beneaih the watery Floor; 

So sinks the Day Star in the Ocean Bed, 

And yet anon repairs his drooping head, 

And tricks his beams, and with new spangled or 

Flames in the forehead of the Morning Sky: 

So Lycidas sunk low, but mounted high. 

Through the dear might of Him that walk'd the Waves/' 

MR. r.niTOR, 

T HAVE sent you an account, which I have just received from 
the West Indies, of the gallant conduct of Mr. Chappie, a 
young Midshipman, who sailed from England with Captain 
Cribb} on board the King Fisher Sloop of War. 

AMONG the nine Prizes lately taken by the King Fisher, Ava 
a Spanish Privateer Schooner, called the Isabella la Damos. She 
lay close in under the high Land of la Guira; when the King 
Fisher observing her, ran in under the Land, and hoisted English 
Colours ; upon which she hoisted Spanish, and fired a gun. The 
King Fisher then brought to, anchored, and opened her fire. 
Captain Cribb finding that the Privateer mounted only one gun, 
a nine-pounder, hoisted out a Boat, and sent her to take the 
Prize. But the Boat was kept off by a severe fire of musketry: 
he therefore hoisted out another Boat, in which this young Mid, 
the First Lieutenant, and 14 true British Tars, went as Volun- 
teers. They put off in face of a dreadful discharge of grape and 
cannister shot from the Shore, and after enduring it lor half an 
hour, at length succeeded in carrying away the Privateer, which, 
proved to be a fine Vessel, containing 55 Men. On Mr. Chappie's 
return, Captain Cribb, who had heard of his bravery from the 
fint Lieutenant, presented the Spanish Captain's sword to the 
enterprising young Mid, with these words; 

" Mr. Chappie, my First Lieutenant has informed me of your 
gallant conduct in cutting out the Spanish Privateer. Take this 
Sword for your reward, and God send that you may always sho\r 
yourself as undaunted as you then were." 

+**^*.^( 

MR. EDITOR, 

>\ LTHOUGH the slightest attention to events apparently sin- 
gular and extraordinary has been generally branded with 
*2at>. er&ron. Stof.XIV. ? r 



, CORRESPONDENCE. 

the appellation of ridiculous superstition, (and superstition Is con- 
fessedly the never failing indication of a weak and imbecile mind), 
there are nevertheless several occurrences, simple in themselves 
when dissected, yi-t, when taken with all their coinciding circum- 
stances, assume the appearance of preternatural mystery, even to 
the conviction of the strongest, and consequently most incredulous 
minds; and force the deepest thinking Philosopher to become 
sceptical, in defiance of his own reason, because that coincidence, 
which I have just noticed, appears too extraordinary to be 
attributed to the common chance of mortal events. 

Totally devoid of superstition, I beg to relate a fact, which, if 
necessary, could be most indubitably established to the satisfaction 
of the hardiest unbeliever. 

Some time in the Summer of the year 1802, a young Gentle- 
man, who was at school at an Academy at Greenwich, was unfor- 
tunately drowned. The Father of the Youth, an Officer in the 
Navy, was at the time some miles' distant, enjoying himself \vith 
several friends in a situation to which a tame Raven, which was 
kept in the neighbourhood, had access : this bird he had frequently 
seen, but had never taken any notice of, neither had the bird par. 
ticularly attempted to attach itself to him, but, on the contrary, 
was remarkably shy of coming near him, from the frequent 
repulses he had met with. On this day, however, the Raven cam* 
close to the chair on which the Gentleman was sitting, and by 
degrees (the conviviality of the moment taking off the Gentleman's 
attention from him) absolutely got upon his shoulder, and rubbed 
his beak against his face. Fearful he might do him some injury, 
the Gentleman endeavoured to shake him off, and so far succeeded 
as to displace him from the situation he had taken on his shoulder, 
but could not by any means drive him entirely from him: the 
Party soon after broke up, and the matter passed off, without any 
comment, except a few jokes on the occasion. 

In little more than three hours, the Gentleman received the 
melancholy news above mentioned ; and after the first surprise and 
grief were over, the circumstance of the Raven recurred to his 
recollection ; and thinking it extraordinary, he particularly inves- 
tigated the time when the unfortunate event took place, which, 
from the account given by the Master of the school, was, as near 
as could possibly be ascertained, precisely at the period the bird 
was ou his shoulder. 

J. C. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 291 

MR. EDITOR, 

T*HE following Extract of a Letter from an Officer on board 
His Majesty's Ship la Concorde, dated Point de Gaile, 
East Indies, 18th February, 1805, to his Father in Edinburgh, 
is worthy of a place in your interesting Publication. 

I SUPPOSE by this time you will have received my last letter, 
dated at Sea, in company with the India Ships. After leaving 
them, which we did in a few days, we proceeded to the Seychelle 
Islands, a groupe of French Islands, not fortified, but all inha- 
bited, in expectation of falling in with some French Vessels, in 
which we were not disappointed. After lying a few days at on 
of them, we discovered in the Offing a small Vessel; all our Boats 
were instantly manned and armed, and sent after, and in about 
three hours they brought her in. She proved to be la Marengo, 
a French Schooner, with a Cargo of Slaves on board. The 
Schooner and la Concorde sailed this night for another of the 
Islands, where we had intelligence of a French Brig at anchor, and 
next day we had the good fortune to add her to the number of our 
Prizes. She is called the Zephyr, but had no Cargo, The Inha- 
bitants of these Islands treated us very well, and sent us a grrat 
number of presents. We only staid a few days longer at these 
Islands, and all three sailed for Bombay, where we arrived in 
safety. The Schooner sold for 4000 rupees, the Brig for 3000, and 
the Slaves for 130 each : several died on the passage. We had not 
remained at Bombay many days, before we got intelligence of 
a large French Privateer being off the Coast. The Concorde 
being the only Man of War lying in Bombay Harbour, was there, 
fore sent in quest of her; and in three days we were so fortunate 
as to discover a large Sail standing right for us. The Concorde 
being disguised so as to resemble a Merchantman, the Privateer 
had ran almost within gun-shot before she discovered her mistake, 
when she immediately put about, and made all sail from us, and 
we in pursuit of her, firing our guns as they could be brought to 
bear upon her, and she firing her stern-chase guns constantly at us. 
It was ten P.M. before we came alongside of her, and then we 
commenced a well directed fire of round and grape shot, which she 
returned very briskly. When she got all her rigging cut, and 
every possibility of making her escape prevented, she struck. She 
proved to be la Fortune Privateer, pierced for 30 guns, baring 24 
on board, all long nine-pounders. A few days before she had 
taken the Fly, a Company's Cruiser, with the value of eight laeks 



292 

of rupees on board, three of which were in money and fire in 
pearls: the pearls she left in the Fly, and the money she took on 
board. During the chase we evidently observed them heaving the 
money overboard, it falling in the water like pebbles, and since 
they Jr.ive boon on Shore they have confessed it; but, before send- 
ing them on Shore, they were overhauled, -and every one of them 
stripped, when upwards of 4000^. were found about them, which 
the> had plundered from different Vessels they had taken. They 
had two Men killed and six wounded; and, what is surprising, not 
a Mau hurt with us. I believe she will turn out very well. 



MR. EDITOR, Walaenhirc, Sept. it. 

HPHE public mind, by recent events, being eased of its late 

anxiety, the present time appears to me not an improper 
one for the insertion of the following : provided therefore you 
find nothing of impropriety in these remarks, I beg the favour 
of your inserting them in your CHRONIC Lt,, and you will 
oblige an old and constant Reader. 

PALINUEUS. 

IT is with great pleasure we learn, that the long-expected 
increase of Pay is shortly to take place, to the Lieutenants and 
Masters in the Royal Navy. 

The Master under a Third-rate has really not enough of Pay to 
support himself equal to the Society he is placed in in a Sloop of 
^Var it is out of the question; it is a mere impossibility for him 
to pay his mess, and keep up the necessary appearance of an 
Officer. 

There is another evil or misfortune attending his situation h 
is not on an equal footing with his Messmates as to Rank; in fact 
lie has none, consequently sometimes liable to be treated by the 
young and more unthinking part of those who happen to be his 
Messmates, with that stile of hauteur a Man's spirits can little 
brook. 

But there is still a third and more serious evil attending <h 
situation of this OlBcer: namely, he must for ever remain a Mas- 
ter there is no point for his views to rest on; there is no incite- 
ment to energy and emulation, where there is no hope of prefer- 
ment. Man, wherever he gives his constant care and attention, 
naturally looks for suitable and constant remuneration; for th 
moment liis mind fceh itself cramped and too much circumscribed. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



293 



that moment it becomes languid, and loses its zeal with its 
energy. 

How must it mortify a Man who has been years in the Serfica 
to see young people put over his head, -whom he himself had qua- 
lified for their Office, and who often, too often, are apt to forget 
the pains taken in their instruction! It must mortify a Man of th 
smallest feeling of heart or ambition of mind, to feel himself 
excluded totally from that promotion which is open to every other 
individual in the Royal Navy but himself. The Master, one 
would imagine, is entitled to some Rank as well as the Surgeon, 
who most certainly is on the Civil Department, while the other is 
to all. intents and purposes an executive Officer, charged with a 
most important and heavy duty. 



MR. EDITOR, 

HAVE sent you a List of the Post Captains in the Royal 
Navy in the year 1751, with the dates of their Commissions, 
which may prove interesting, particularly to your professional 
Readers. S. C. S. 

[Explanation of the Abbrcviationt.] 

s. c. Superannuated Comptroller. c. Commissioner. y. Captain of Yacht. 
g . G Hardship. s. hi Service. 1. Treasurer of Greenwich Hospital. 2. Lieute- 
nant-Governor of Greenwich Hospital. 3. Commissioner of Customs. 4. Com- 
modore at Jamaica. 5. Captain of Greenwich Hospital. 6. Comptroller of th 
Navy. 7. Commodore at Barbadocs. 8. Commodore in the East Indies. 
9. Ditto at Newfoundland. 10. Ditto in the Mediterranean. 



, Richard Hughes... June 19, 1702. 

Humphry Pudncr.. July 10, 1703. 

Robert Harland .. . March 24, 

"Walter Piyot Nov. 13, 1707. 

I.James Gunman Dec. 20, 1700. 

c. C. Brown March 18, . 

. Philip Vanhurgh . . Nov. 27, 1710. 

J. Fletcher March 7, 

Sir Ed. Blacket . . . Jan. 1, 1712. 

c. Tyrwit Cayley .... Jan. 1, 

. Ed. Falkingham . . . Feb. 26, 

Francis Hume July 24, 1713. 

Thomas Willy-am*.. July 9, 1715. 

Fr. Blake Delaval . March 26,1719. 
1. 2. ptni c. W. Davies. June 30, 

Humphry Orme . . . June 1, 1720. 



W. II. Fleming ---- July 26, 1728. 
Israel Sparks ...... April 9, 17*29. 



6, 1732. 

1 tt 

Nov. 7, 

Dec. 13, 1734. 

May 8, 1735. 

Jan. 3, 1737. 

June 9, 1738. 



J. Wingate 

/. W. Parry 

1.2. puy c. 3. To wry 

James Comptou . . 

Nicholas Robinson 

Harcourt Master . 

Dit;by Dent ..... 

Temple West June 13, 

George Pocock. ... Aug. 1, 

Thomas Cooper.. 
4. G. Townshend . . 

Edmund Strange 

Peter Lawrence . 

James Rycant . . 



Nov. 14, 
Jan. 30, 

July 16, 1739. 

Aug. 10, 

30, 



V. J. Weller April 7, 1721. 5. James Lloyd 

2. Francis Dansays. . . Jan. 25, 1725. 6. Savage Mostyn Dec. 17, 

Samuel Mead Aug. 29, 1727. Francis Holbourne. Feb. 15, 

W. Milkr Nov. 8, 1727. Henry Harrison . . . 28, 



294 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



y. Robert Allen ...... 

Thomas Cotes ..... 
8. W. Lisle ......... 

Matthew Michel! . . 
y. T. Limeburner .... 

Robert Pett ...... 

Brad. Thompson . . 

Thomas Fiankland 

Henry Powlett.... 

C. Wager Purvis . . 

R.H.L.Mon. Bertie 
1. Peter Osborn ...... 

Solomon Gideon. . . 

Robert Maynard . . 

Roger Martin ..... 

Henry Norris ..... 

Essex Ilolcombe . . 

Richard Hughes. . . 

H. George Murray 
y. Richard Edwards . . 

C. Colby ......... 

Nath. Watson .... 

H. Swaysland ..... 

David Cheap ..... 
f . Hon. J. Hamilton. . 

Edward Herbert. . . 

John Brett. ....... 

T.Brodrick ....... 

Daniel Hore ...... 



H. Godsalve ...... 

H.Ward ......... 

H. Dennis ........ 

Benjamin Fenwick 
George Cokburne. . 
T. Tucker ........ 

Charles Hardy .... 

Sheldrake Laton . . 
Earl of Northesk . . 
Rupert Waring .... 

Hen. H. Ay liner. . . 
Charles Saunders . . 
R. Young ........ 

Jos. Hamar ....... 

J. Lovett ......... 

Frederick Rogers . . 

Hon. G. Dawnay .. 

g . Charles Stevens. . . . 

J Pritchard ...... 

Philip Dnrell ..... 

Charles Holmes . . . 



May 8, 1740. 

May 28, 1740. 
June 30, 

July 11, 

__ 15 __ 



28 

Sept. 6, 

22, 

. 24 _____ 

26, 
Oct. 12, 

Nov. 3, 

Jan. 12, 1740. 

_ go ____ 

Feb. 19, 

March 5, 

March 25, 1741. 

April 10, 

13, 

May 37, 

25, 

June 6, 

11, 

July 17, 

Aug. 10, 

25 

Sept. 16, 

Oct. 1,' 

- gg _____ 

Nov. 16, 

Dec. 2, 

Jau. 8, 

Feb. 5, 



Elliot Smith 

Samuel Cornish .... 
y. Sir C. Molloy .- 

Thorpe Fowke.... 

Francis Geary .... 

James Hodsoll .... 

Smith Callis 

J. Wickham 

9. G. Brydges Rodney 
g. Merrick de 1'Angle 

W. Barnaby 

W. Fielding 

Edward Dodd 

Samuel Goddard . . 

J. Pitman 

Peter Toms 

Richard Watkins . . 
g . T. Sturton 

Polycarpus Taylor . 

James Youag 

W. Marsh 

s. Edward Pratten . . . 

George Stepney . . . 

W. Boys 

J. Watkins 

Arthur Scott 

Warwick Calmady 
g. Piercy Brett 

C. Powlet 

Charles Catford . . . 

J. Moore 

Richard Tyrrell . . . 

J. Simcoe 

Frederick Cornwall 
s. R. Robinson 

Alex. Lord Colvill . 

James Douglas .... 

T. Hanway 

George Elliot 

Edward Spragge . . 

Edmund Toll .... 

Richard Collins .... 

T.Mogg 

Ormond Thompson 
g. J. Bentley 

W. Gordon 

g. H. G. Edgcumbe . . 

Robert Swanton . . 

J. Wilson 

Lachlin Leslie . 

Samuel Graves .... 



Feb. 25, 1741. 

March 12, 

April 6, 1742. 

May 24, 

June 30, 

July 24, 

Aug. 9, 

NOT. 1, 

13, 

Dec. 9, 

Jan. 11, 

25, 

Feb. 1, 

March 28, 1743. 

May 2, 

June 2, 

Aug. 4, 

Sept. 30, 

Oct. 10, 

14, . 

Dec. 24, 

26, 

Feb. 11, 

March 6, 

April 5, 1744, 
May 12, 

June 11, 

14 i 

J U ly T, 

26, 

Aug. 1, 



27 

30, 

Sept. 8, 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



t95 



f.J. Osborne 

f. W. Parry 

J. Hardy 

J. Bowdler 

Patrick O'Hara.... 
Coningsby Norbury 

1. H. Aug. Keppel . . 

J. Amhurst 

George Durell .... 

Peter Denis 

y. Richard Jasper .... 

Hon. Arch. Stuart 

Edmund Home.... 

Arthur Foresc .... 

Richard Tiddeman 

Robert Hughes. . . . 
j. Hugh Bonsoy .... 

Tim. Nutella 

R,Jefferis 

g . W. Montague 

g. Arthur Gardiner. . . 

g. Lionel Daniel 

g. Matthew Buckle . . 

R. Mann 

Clark Gayton .... 

j. T. Stanhope 

T. Andrews 

J. Hume 

Henry Rosewell . . 

f. Justinian Nutt .... 

J. Orme 

S. Maisterson 

J. Hill 

Henry Cosby 

Henry Dyve 

i. W. Bladwell 

J. Barker 

Richard Spry 

*. J. Rous 

Thomas Noel 

J. Weller, jun 

J. Fowler 

s, Lucius O'Brien .... 

Hon. W. Bateman. . 

Thomas BIoss 

g. J. Montagu 

Abel Smith 

Cotton Dent 

f. Charles Knowles . . 

W. Harman 

Thamas Craven.. . . 



Sept. 28, 1744. 
Oct. 2, - 

_ jy . 

HOV. 8, - 

______ ^f __, ___ 

Dec, 11, - 

_ 29 _ 

Feb. 3, - 
13 

- 22, - 
March 9, 

April 2, 1745. 



May 1, 

- 23, 

OT 
*f I 

- 28, 

- gg 

June 22, 
July 6, 

Aug. 12, 

- 20, 

- 26, 



Sept. 2, 

_ jy 

_ -jo 
j j, 

23 

_ QA. 

4rX) 

Nov. 12, 
_ 29 
Dec. 2, 



Jan. 2, 

" "" * i>J 

__ 22 



1746. 



Feb. 8, 



Thomas Allison.... 
g. Robert Harland.. . 

James Sayer 

Ed. Falkingham . . . 

Jervis H. Porter . . 

Hon. Rd. Howe . . . 

Andrews Jelfe .... 

. Wash. Shirley .... 

. Samuel Faulknor . . 

J. Douglas 

Hugh Pigot 

Julian Legge 

s. Mol.Shuldham.... 

Robert Wellard ... 

James Webb 

Anthony Kerly .... 

Henry Huish. ..... 

J. Cokburne ...... 

I. Joseph Knight .... 

Thomas Knowler . . 

O'Brien Dudley . . . 

J. Vaughan 

J.Lloyd 

j. C. Proby 

*. J. Fergussone 

i. Robert Duff 

I. 3. Reynolds 

Frederick Hyde.. . 

Hugh Palliser 

Charles Wray 
t. Hon. J. Byron . .. . 

Hon. A. J. Hervey 

George M'Kenzie. . 

Matthew Barton. . . 

Thomas Latham . . . 

Peter Parker 

S. Patrick Baird 

Richard Groynn.. . 
(. H. S. Barrington . . 

s. M. Arbuthaot 

s. Robert Roddam... 

Samuel Marshall . . 
*. W.Brett 

R. Askew 

Edward Clark 

George Darby .... 
I. W. Salt. WUlt.... 

T. H. Huchenson . . 
s. J.Campbell 

Christopher Hill . . . 

Jama* Gambler . . . . 



Feb. 9, 1746, 
March 19, - 
- 22, - 
-^ 2/j _ 
April 3, - 

19 

21 



May 6, 

_ 3j 

June 25, 
July 2, 

_ fjj 
- 11, 



Sept. 4, 

Oct. 6, 

23, 

_____ JQ - 

Dec. 9, 

30, 

Jan. 15, 1747 

Feb. 7, 

March 14, 
May 6, 

27, 



June 22, 
July 9, 

18, 

Aug. 21, 
Sept. 11, 

Oct. 1, 

Nov. 23, 
Dec. 5, 



596 

Mirli.it! Ereritt .. . 
, AV Llovd 


PLATE i 

Dec. 23, 1747. 
Jan. 1?, 1748, 
ttn 


rLXXXTX. 
Mark Milbank .... 


May 91, 1748. 

June 23, 
July 5, 
. "3 


S. Scott 

IV \V Tim bo 


Nicholas Vincent . . 
Edward Wheeler . . 
\V Martin 


Edward Unities . . 
R. Haldanc 


Feb. 6, 

. 24 

March 5, 
p 


Aug. 16, 
Sept. 29, 

Oct. ;>, 


llichard Clements , 
J. Rowzicr. ....... 
W Mantill ... . 


Edward JrvkyU 


II Marsh 


jrt 




Nor. 1, 
4 .. 
fp , 

Jan. 16, 1749. 
26, 
March 1, 
July 28,. 




_____ g^ 

April 15, 
20, 

yft , 

May 6, 

7 


Vincent Pearce. .. . 
Thomas Sanmarez . 
Andrew Cokbourn . 
James Campbell . . 




y. J. Evans 
Edward Keller 
Mm 'hew YVhitwell 


Edward Christian . . 


3 





PLATE CLXXXIX. 

MR. EDITOR, 

HPHE accompanying Sketch of the City of New York was 

II 

taken from the Anchoring Ground near Governor's Island; 
a Pilot Boat is introduced in the Fore Ground, and a Ship in 
the distance, sailing towards the Passage of Hell Gates, formed 

by York and Jxnig Islands. 

Your humble Servant, 



NEW York City, on the Coast of North America, is at the 
bottom of a spacious Gulf or Bay, which is about nine miles in 
length and four in breadth. It is situated on a point, of Laud, at 
the south extremity of th Island so called, formed by Hudson's 
lliter on the west, and Long Island Sound on the east. The 
Narrows, at the south end of the Bay, are not quite t\vo mile* 
broad, and open into the Ocean ; the passage up to New York 
from the projecting point of Sandy Hook, is about 25 miles,, and 
tery safe. The usual Channel goes between the east and west 
Banks, in 22 or 23 feet water ; but an 80 gun Ship may be brought 
np, through a narrow, M inding, and unfrequented Channel between 
the north end of the east Bank and Coney Island. This City hae 
no Harbour, the Ships lying off in the Road on the east side of tho 
Town. Its Quays are very commodious, audits Warehouses largo 
and spacious ; and it is frequented by great numbers of Ships both 
employed in Trade and 5/1 the Fisheries. Its lat. is 40 43' north, 
and long. 74 10' west. It has been observed, that the Sea Coast 
from hence to the southward is all low, flat, and sandy, quite to 
Capo Florida. 



I . 

falSTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNT OF MOUNT HECLA. 297 

New York Island, at the south extremity of which is the City 
of its name, is about 14 miles in length and three in breadth; and 
by means of a bridge at the north end, called King's Bridge, it is 
united to the Continent, where the itiver is about as broad as the 
Thames at Fulham: it is surrounded by this River on the north, 
by Hudson's River on, the west, and by the east River on the 
east. 



HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNT OF 
MOUNT HECLA. 

(From OLAFSEK and PovrLSKS's Travels.) 

npHIS Mountain, which is better known to strangers than any 
other, is one of the inferior elevations of Iceland. The annals 
call it by* its proper name, which is Heklufiall ; from -which. 
Foreigners, and particularly the Germans, have formed their 
llekenfeld. It is not a Promontory, nor is it situated on the Sea 
Shore, as it has been represented in a number of Charts. It lies 
to the west of the Glacier of Tinfiallojceckel and now beyond the 
canton of Rangaarvalle, though it was formerly within this canton; 
but its numerous eruptions have so ravaged the surrounding 
Country, that the people have withdrawn from it. On arriving at 
a habitation called Selsund, near Mount Hecla. the owner wished 
to become our Guide. He was well acquainted \* ith the Country 
around this Mountain, though he had never travelled farther than, 
its base; for the people consider it as an act of rashness to attempt 
to examine the Mountain, and they assured us that it would be 
impossible to ascend it on account of great numbers of dangerous 
bogs, which they asserted were always burning with sulphuric fire, 
and exhaling smoke ; while the summit, according to them, was 
covered with boiling springs, and large craters which continually 
propelled fire and smoke. They told us that Hecla was provided 
with a guard of black and singular birds of the conformation of 
the raven, armed with beaks of iron, with which they gavs a very 
unpleasant reception to those who had the temerity to climb the 
Mountain. This story is one remnant of the popular prejudices 
that have been formed with regard to this Mountain. Our Guide, 
nevertheless, assured us that he never perceived either the birds, 
the fire, or the smoke. 

We had an opportunity during our journey to Mount Hecla, to 
contemplate its environs, which on the south and west sides afford 
the most afflicting specimens of frequent eruptions, The finest part 

. &ron. (BoI.XIV. Q Q 



298 HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE 

of the Territory in question is covered by torrents of melted stone, 
sand, ashes, and other volcanic matter. Between the sinuosities 
of the Lava Me observed, in dillercnt parts, some portions of 
meadows, walls, and broken hedges; and our Guide informed us, 
that on the east, and north sides the devastation was still greater, 
and afforded dreadful traces of the ruin of the Country and its 
habitations. 

There are neither grass nor plants to be met with to the extent 
of two leagues round Mount liecla, in consequence of the soil 
being coviTi'd with .sioncs and lava; and in some parts where the 
subterraneous fire has broken out afresh, or where the matter 
which was not entirely consumed has become ignited again, the 
fire has contributed to form small red and black hillocks and 
eminences from scoriae, pumice-stone, and asfhes. The nearer we 
approach towards the Mountain, the larger are these hillocks ; 
and there are some of them the summit of which is a round valley, 
whence the subterraneous fire ejects the matter just mentioned. 

As we approach towards Mount Hecla, the. ground become* 
almost impassable, particularly near the higher branches of lava 
which have been thrown from the Volcano. Round the latter is a 
mountain of lava, consisting of large melted flag-stones, which are 
from forty to seventy feet high, and in the form of a rampart, or 
wall. We were here obliged to leave our horses ; and even our 
Guide begged to be excused from attending us any farther, under 
the pretence that he had a violent head-ache; but the real reason 
we suspected rather to proceed from the operation of his prejudices 
with respect to this terrific Volcano. The flag-stones alluded to 
were detached, and mostly covered with moss ; vrhile between 
them were very deep holes, which prevented us from advancing 
without the greatest circumspection. We ascended on the western 
side. The rocks appeared very strange to us, for they cracked 
continually under our feet, which at first gave us much uneasiness j 
but on investigation we observed that the rock itself had been con- 
sumed, and was reduced to pumice-stone, which was disposed in 
their horizontal layers, fractured in every direction. From this 
circumstance, an idea may be formed of the intensity of the fire, 
which could thus consume a whole Mountain: for if Hecla were 
for a few times to take fire again, all the rocks that compose it 
would fall into ashes. 

We continued to ascend, without meeting any obstacles that 
impeded our attempts, by small slopes which we found at intervals, 
of which we passed seven before we reached the summit. We ; 



ACCOUNT OF MOUNT HECLA. 299 

found in the breaches and fissures, which were numerous, a 
quantity of -white, black, and rod polishing stones (skuur^tcin)^ 
the first of which was uncommonly fine and light. This circum- 
stance tends to support the account of Mount Hccla having vomited 
water, though in a far less quantity than the devastating torrents 
of Katlegiaa. Here has also been found, after the different erup- 
tions of Mount Hecla, a great quantity of salt, sufficient to load a 
number of horses, which in no small degree tends to confirm the 
opinion of the connexion between Volcanoes and the Sea. Such a 
communication may reasonably be presumed, particularly with 
rr-spoct to the Volcanoes and Glaciers of the eastern parts of 
Iceland, on account of the great extent of their bases. In fact, 
these Mountains vomit a much greater quantity of water than the 
solution of the ice would afford ; and it has even been observed, 
that a vast quantity of rock salt may be contained within it; but 
i's bowels undoubtedly extend to a level ~w ith tiie Sea. Besides, 
independently of the opinion so generally received by learned Men 
of all Countries, that there is a secret connexion between this 
Mountain and Etna in Sicily, since the two Volcanoes have so 
often been observed to burn at the same time, a number of 
curious c-:.a:upies are known, which prove the sympathy betwewa 
Hecla, at the time of its eruptions, and the other Volcanoes in 
Iceland more distant from it than it is itself from the Sea. It w*as 
on the night of the 19th of June that we ascended the Mountain. 
The weather was serene and calm, but when we had attained a 
certain height we began to feel cold: the surface was covered with 
ice and snow; not however of the nature of those of the Glaciers, 
because here the ice melts in Summer, except such as remains in the 
deep fissures and holes. On reaching the ice we found it covered 
with snow that had lately fallen, which we ascertained to be deeper 
and deeper in proportion as we ascended : at the summit of the 
crater it was a foot and a half. The whole of this, as well as the 
preceding day, the air had been clear in the canton beneath the 
Volcano; but like the other Mountains, it attracts the clouds that 
envelope its summit, without their being perceived by the Inha- 
bitants. It is worthy of remark, that the snow had fallen only 
on that part of the Mountain which was covered with ice, and not 
below ; so that it may be concluded that the ice which is on the 
Mountains in Summer is the measure or degree of elevation, or 
thai region of the air, where the thick clouds and vapours can 
collect and float in the atmosphere, though the air may be pure 
aad serene in the lower regions ; hence at this height the air 



300 HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE 

possesses a certain density. In other respects Hecla is only a small 
Mountain, compared with the high Glaciers and mountainous 
chains of the interior parts of Iceland. Its circumference is from 
three to four leagues ; and its height, by approximation to that of 
the othrr i\Io unpins which have been measured, is about three 
thousand feet above the plain of sand that is below the rampart of 
Java. Is eL'vatiqn above the Sea is yet unknown. 

After a fatiguing journey, up to our knees in snow, we at mid- 
night readied tlie suiumit of Mount Hecla. A perfect silence pre- 
vailed ; and wo couid perceive nothing but ice, and neither 
fissures, streams of water, boiling springs, smoke, uor fire. It was, 
as light as at noon-day, so that we had a view of an immense extent. 
We looked over all the Glaciers in the eastern part; and in the 
distance we saw a high and square Mountain, which our Guide had 
previously informed us was the ancient Volcano of Hserdabreid, 
which appeared to us like a large Castle. We also discovered all 
the high Mountains in the northern quarter. 

Not meeting with any thing remarkable on this Mountain, we 
descended by the western side, along a ravine or deep valley, which 
runs from tlie summit to the base. There is some reason to 
believe that this ravine is the bed of a river of lava which the Vol- 
cano ejected in the year 1300; since the annals assert, that during 
thft eruption I Feel a Avas split from top to bottom: and though the 
cavity in question now bears the appearance of a deep valley, it is 
certain that when formed it was laid open to the bowels of tha 
Mountains; but when the eruption ceased, it was soon filled with 
the stones, rocks, and gravel, that fell into it. At length we 
rejoined our Guide at the bottom of the hill, and found that he had 
got rid of his head-ache: he expressed his surprise at seeing us 
return safe. 

From every probability, this Island must have been subject to 
pruptions long before Iceland had any Inhabitants. One of the 
annals states the first eruption, alter it was peopled, to have 
occured in the year 1004; and another chronicle assorts that the 
one of 1029 was the third. But in general the histories of the 
Country do not agree on thjs point: for frpm certain annals which 
ppeak only of great eruptions, Mount Hecla appears to have under- 
gone no more than twelve; while others contend that sixteen have 
taken place. We, however, after attentive reading and careful 
research, ascertained that it has experienced twenty-two crup r 
tions, without reckoning those of which the periods are unccr* 
tain, though many take them into the account; because the same 



ACCOUNT OF MOUNT HECI,A. 304 

crsption has sometimes lasted upwards of a year, or one has com- 
jcienced in Winter and continued till the succeeding Spring. Most 
of the annals of Iceland agree in stating that the first known erup, 
tion of Mount Hecla took place between the years 1004 and 1006'; 
while the last overflow of its crater was in the year 1693. A fire 
broke out among the surrounding lava in the year 1728. 

In 1554 there were remarked several viulent eruptions from the 
Mountains contiguous to Hecla on the northern side, and the fire 
appeared for the last time in 1754 in the lava to the west of this 
Volcan .,- : the fire in question lasted three days. 

The intervals between the eruptions of Hecla are very unequal : 
for from tv, o to five or ten years sometimes scarcely pass in tran- 
quillity, while at others from fifty to sixty years occur between 
two eruptions ; and in 17G5 upwards of seventy years had elapsed 
ince the last fermentation ; on which account the Inhabitants were 
daily expecting an eruption more violent than ever. 

In 1760 their fears were realized: for on the 5th of April an 
approaching eruption was announced by earthquakes, and it began 
by an exhalation of smoke and ilame; while pebbles and large 
$tones were propelled to a prodigious distance. The fermentation 
recommenced in 1767; and in 1768 flames still continued to rise 
it night fr om the crater. 

== * 

PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

ANSWER TO QUERIES 13, 14, 15, A\D 16. 

[Contained from Vol. XI, page 372.] 

JS the true cause of the saltness of the Sea well understood? If so, 

what is the cause ? Is rock-salt a concretion from Sea water ? 

or, is the Sea water salt from the rock-salt which it dissolves, 

and the other salts from the earth, which it imbibes? Is the 

Sea saltest in high or low latitudes, in deep or shallow Seas : 

Is it salter at the surface during a Storm or in a Calm? 

IC'ROM the consequences we may naturally infer that the salt- 
* ness of the Sea resulted from the necessity of preserving it from 
putridity, and that it has been equally salt aborigine; yet some 
have been weak enough to suppose that it has been gradually 
increasing in saltness from the creation to the present time, which 
would imply that it was originally fresh. That Sea Avater must 
have existed prior to fresh water is evident, it being the universal 
source and grand reservoir whence all Springs, Fountains, and 
Jiivers proceed) and of course could have received no fresh 



302 UniOSOPHTCAL PAPERS. 

tintil it had first supplied the means. The wonder is no greater 
that the Sea is and has been eternally what it is, than that the Sun 
is hot and bright, the face of Nature green, and that Fountains and 
Rivers, that pervade various strata of the Earth, are fresh and 
sweet. It lias been the prevailing opinion, that the Sea is salt from 
the earthy salts which it has been perpetually dissolving, and from 
the salts which Rivers carry into it. But if its saltncss arose from 
such causes, Rivers should be salt from the same cause, yet we do 
nor find that those of the greatest depth and greatest extent are in 
the smallest degree brackish even at their mouths. Beside, in 
admitting the above opinion, it would follow that shallow Seas, 
covering a great extent, and especially those waters that wash the 
Shores with so much violence, should be the sal test, if Sea water 
derived its saltness from the Earth ; whereas the reverse is known 
to be the fact, and in high latitudes it is found to be sal (or than in 
low, as shallow Seas are always found to be the freshest, though 
not in the neighbourhood of any extensive River. A material 
difference also prevails in the saltness of the Sea in different 
latitudes. The water of the Baltic Sea is said to contain one sixty- 
fourth part of its weight of Salt; that of the Sea between England 
and Flanders, the thirty-second part; on the Coast of Spain, the 
sixteenth part; and between the Tropics, from one eleventh to one 
eighth part. This great difference in the saltness of the Sea, argues 
the necessity for its being particularly so in hot climates, orhenvise 
putrefaction would ensue ; and is conformable to the universal plan 
of Nature, that has adapted all things to their suitable climates. 
The saltness of the Baltic Sea would not preserve it from corrup- 
tion in the Torrid Zone. The Sea water over against Guinea, in 
the Ethiopic Ocean, is said with once boiling to yield a white salt 
as fine as sugar; which cannot be produced from the water of any 
of the other Seas of Europe, without frequent boilings.. This 
extraordinary saltness of the Tropical Seas, may in some measure 
result from the powerful effect of the Sun's vertical rays, which 
exhale in vast abundance the fresh particles only, at the surface, 
leaving the salt wholly behind ; very little or none of the vapour 
thus raised from the Tropical Seas, or of that absorbed by the 
Winds which sweep the surface, returning to it either by rains or 
dews. The varieties in the saltness of the Seas of different cli. 
mates may therefore wholly arise from the influence of Sun and 
Wind ; and consequently those Seas that emit least vapour, and 
receive most fresh water, by rains, snows, and rivers, must un- 
doubtedly be least salt, and vice 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 303 

Sea water i* very full of impurities, chiefly of the saline kind. 
There are three compound salts found in Sea Mater; viz. first, 
common salt, or a compound of muriatic acid and. fossil alkali; 
second, salited magnesia, or a compound of muriatic acid and mag- 
nesia; third, gypsum, or a compound of* vitriolic acid and!. 
The proportion of these ingredients in Sea water brought from 
the Cape of Good Hope, according to Bergman's analysis, in % 
thousand parts, thirty-three of the first, nine of the second, and 
one of the third, making about forty-three parts in a thousand. 
How these ingredients came to be in the Sea water, can only be 
conjectured. PT O be continued.] 

THE MARMENILL; OR, SEA MAN. 

(From OLAFSEN and POVELSEN'S Travels.) 

TMTANY" centuries have elapsed since authors first wrote aboat 
the Marmenill. Torfaeus, in his u History of Norway," says, 
that it is met with in Iceland; and Bishop Pontoppidan assures 
us, in his " Natural History of Norway," Vol. II, page 302, that 
there are several species of it. M. Stroem, in his " Sundmceschen," 
page 287, is very angry with those who will not belie ve in its 
existence ; and Childrey asserts it as a fact, that some Fishermen 
caught one on the Coast of Suffolk in 1187, and that another was 
taken in Yorkshire in 1535. It is said that two have been caught 
in the Sea near Iceland : one when the Island first became inha- 
bited, which is mentioned in the Landnaraa Saga; and the other 
in 1733, near Talkknefiord, in the Bailiwick of Bardestrand : and 
it is likewise true, that there was found in the belly of a Shark an 
animal that resembled a Man. All those who saw it did not doubt 
for an instant that it was the body of a Marmenill, and not that of 
a human being. M. Wernhard Gudmunsen, Curate at Ottrerdal, 
which is siir.ated in the same Bailiwick, gave us some very circum- 
stantial details of this ; and added, that if we desired it, he would 
procure certificates from all the persons who had seen it. The 
following is his account: The lower part of the animal was 
entirely eaten ; while the upper part, from the epigastric and hypo- 
gastric region, was in certain p. aces only half devoured, but in 
others entirely : the sternum or breast-bone was perfect. This 
animal appeared to be about the size of a Boy eight or nine years. 
old, and its head was formed like that of a Man. The anterior 
surface of the occiput was very protuberant, and the nape of the 
eck had a considerable iudention or sinking. The ala; of the ears 



PAPERS. 

were very large, and extended a good way back. It had fronf 
teeth, which were long and of a conical form, as were also the 
larger teeth : the eyes were like those of a cod-fish. It had on tin- 
head long, black, and hard hair, Tery similar to the Fuciisfilffor- 
mt!,: this hair hung over its shoulders. Its forehead was large, 
and round at top. The skin above .the eye-lids wds much wrink- 
led scanty, and of a bright olive colour; which indeed was the 
tint of the whole body. The chin was rather cleft at bottom ; the 
shoulders were very high, and the neck uncommonly short. The 
arms were of their natural size, and each hand ha*l a thumb and 
four fingers covered with flesh. Its breast was formed exactly 
like that of a Man, and there were to be seen something like nip- 
ples (papilla); the back was al.-o like that of a Man. It had very 
cartilaginous ribs; and in parts where the skin had been rubbed! 
off, a black and coarse flesh \vas perceptible, very similar to that 
of the Seal. This animal, after having been exposed about a week 
on the Shore, was again thrown into the Sea." 

This is the history of the Marmenill, or Sea Man, in question. 
If we reflect on the change which an animal undergoes on remain- 
ing some time in the belly of a Shark, whose propensity for human 
fleshls well known (as entire corpses have been found in its body) ; 
when we recollect, that in a short time this fish can travel a vast 
distance, and suddenly convey itself from one Shore to another : 
and lastly, however little we consider that the imagination repre- 
sents every thing very different from \vhat it actually is ; we are 
almost induced to believe that this thing was a Man. But, on the 
other hand, if the description be exact, it will be observed, that 
neither the hair, teeth, nor fingers, resembled those of the human 
species. It must also be remarked, that the Inhabitants of Iceland 
always scrupulously collect and decently bury the corpses or limbs 
which may be either thrown ashore by the Tide, or found in 
whales and other large fish; and hence, those who saw the animal 
in question would have made much hesitation in leaving it on the 
Shore for a week, and afterwards throwing it into the Sea, unless 
they had been convinced it was not the corpse of a human being. 

vX^^ 

ABSTRACT OF DE LALANDE ? S HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY 
FOR THE YEAR 1804. 

TPHIS year is as remarkable as 1801 and 1802, since it presents 

us with the discovery of a new Planet. The circumstance was 

accidental, it is true; but it was prepared and directed by the 



PHILOSOPHICAL FAPEIIS. 30$ 

jabours of an able observer. M. Harding wrote to mo as follows, 
On the 10th of November, from Lilienthal, near Bremen : 

u I had engaged in an undertaking, in which I had been occu- 
pied above a year. Every favourable night I composed a small 
Atlas to represent the Zodiac of the two Planets recently discovered 
by Messrs. Pia/y.i and Olbers. The smallness of these two Planets, 
which, in most of their positions, are only of the eighth or ninth 
magnitude, requires a perfect knowledge of all the small Stars that 
are in this Zodiac. The celestial Charts hitherto published are not 
sufficiently detailed, and cannot convey a knowledge, at the first 
sight, of those two small Planets, because they represent no Stars 
but what are of the seventh or eighth magnitude. This considera- 
tion induced me to compose more detailed Charts, to contain all 
the Stars down to the ninth and tenth magnitudes ; an undertaking 
which would formerly have been immense, but is now greatly 
facilitated, since you have made Astronomers acquainted with fifty 
thousand Stars which are in your HL-tonj of the Heavens. 

*' This enterprise, which procured me a minute knowledge of 
the starry firmament, furnished me with the opportunity of dis- 
covering the new Planet. On the 1st of September, comparing 
the sheet of my little Atlas v. ith the Heavens, 1 found, between 
No. 3 in Mayer's Catalogue, and a Star mentioned in your His- 
tory, another unknown Star, which I had never before seen in 
that place. I marked it in my Chart as a Star having 2^ 1.5' right 
ascension, and 36' of northern declination, without suspecting any 
singularity. On the 4th of September this Star was gone, but at 
2 of right ascension and l' of northern declination, I observed 
another Star, which I hud not perceived three days before. I 
began to suspect a motion in the unknown Star, and the more 
strongly, as I found neither of the two Stars marked in a Chart 
drawn last year, though I had introduced into it Stars of a much 
feebler light. I therefore hastened to observe it with the micro- 
meter, to determine its position; but a fog intervened, at the 
moment when I had brought the Star to the tie Id of my telescope. 
I waited with impatience till the following day, and found that the 
Star had changed its place considerably. The micrometer gave me 
its position for 1 ih. 12' 45'' mean time, 1 51' 51" right ascension, 
and 1 1 2G'i south declination. After this observation, 1 no longer 
doubted that it was a moveablc Star, and perhaps a Planet; 
because, when seen by our largest telescopes, it had neither tail nor 
nebulosity, so that it could uotbe a Comet. I hastened to apprise 
Messrs. Olbers, Gauss, Bode, and Baron Von Zach ? of the cif- 

J&at* ec&ron. flol.XIV. R R 



SOS 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 



cumstanee. The first commenced his observations the 7th of Sep. 
tember. I prosecuted mine till the 27th, when T was informed 
that M. Von Zach had commenced a course of observations with 
capital instruments." 

After the receipt of this letter from M. Harding, I learned that 
M. Gauss, an able Astronomer of Brunswick, had already thrice 
calculated the Elements of the Orbit of this Planet. I shall pre- 
sently give a statement of the last. On the other hand, M. Burck- 
hardt at Paris communicated to us elements, which on the 23d of 
November were so perfect, that they differed but little from those 
of M. Gauss. M. Burckhardt continued to correct them till the 
24th of December. 

The following are the observations made by M. Burckhardt 
at the Military School, and which he made use of to calculate the 
Orbit: 



Mean Time at the Observatory, 1804 


Eight Ascension. 


Southern Declina- 
tion. 


September 23, at . . 


h. ' /' 
...11 46 12 


O i II 

359 7 0,3 
357 19 2M 
35 T 34 1,5 
555 19 4,8 
357 J'2 30, 
4 3? S:;,P 


<3 1 '/ 

4 5 41,9 
6 27 43,6 
9 4 3'.', 
10 43 0,4 
10 53 I'.MS 
H 32 47, H 


October 4, at 


... 10 5i 47 




9 49 48 


November 5, at. ... 


... 8 41 58 


. , .,.,_. y> .jf 


7 J "> ' J. 


December ->1, nt. . . . 


... f, ia 15 





M. BurcUtn-dt. 


M. Gauss. 


Ascendinc Node . . . 


5 { * 

5 1 6 


s o / 
5 '20 47 


Inclination a. 


13 5 


13 20 


Aphelion , 


7 2 ' 40 


7 21 18 


Equation , 


23 >7 


29 T 




2 6i7 


c (.Ji-JO 




-t V 4. \ F ; T") 


4. Y 9 AT S T) 


Longitude, September 23, at Noon 


19 45 


19 40 



M. Messier and M. Rouvard at Paris, and M. Vidal at Mirepoix, 
continued to observe it; and M. Bnrrkhardt calculated, an ephe- 
meris, to enable Astronomers to discover it again, which, after a 
few days of unfavourable weather, would be rather difficult on 
account of its diminutive size. 

The new Planets furnish Geometricians with a vast field of 
investigation. The perturbations which they experience must not 
be considerable, but they will be ?ery complicated, and very 



PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 307 

difficult to be calculated, on account of their great eccentricities 
and inclinations. Accordingly the Institute has made this the sub- 
ject of a Pri/.e for the year 1805. 

Besides the discovery of a Planet, the year 1804 is likewise dis- 
tinguished by that of a Comet. It is the 94th, and was discovered 
by M. Pons, at Marseilles, on the 7th of March ; by M. Bouvard 
at Paris, on the 1 Ith ; and by M. Olbers, at Bremen, on the 12th. 
Its elements are as follow : 

Node 5s 26 48' 

Inclination 56 29 

Perihdion 4 28 45 

Transit, 13th February 14 6 

Distance of Perihelion 1,07 12 direct movement. 

The meda! founded by de Lalande in 1802, was, on the 9th of 
April, adjudged by the .Institute to M. Piazzi, in consideration of 
his excellent Catalogue of 6748 Stars. It is the second time that 
this Prize lias been decreed. It was given in 1803 to M. Olbers, 
for the discovery of his Planet. A lover of Astronomy at Berlin 
has deposited 400 francs in the hands of M. Bode, for the Author 
of the most important astronomical dissertation which shall be 
transmitted to him before the end of August 1805. 

This year has likewise procured us another pleasure: I mean 
the return of M. Humboldt, who has brought back with him from 
his Travels an immense quantity of observations. In 1802 this 
Gentleman went to Peru, ascended the Andes, visited Santa Fe de 
Bogota, Quito, Loxa, Guayaquil, Lima, Acapulco, and, in 1803, 
Mexico. It is surprising to find that the situation of Mexico was 
o inaccurately determined as to leave an uncertainty of two or 
three degrees; he found the difference of the meridians to be 
6h. 45' 20", and the latitude 19 26' 2". Having made a great 
number of excursions and observations in Mexico, he repaired to 
the Havana, and afterwards to Philadelphia. At length, on the 
4th of August, he arrived at Bourdeaux, with 40 chests of collec- 
tions, 6000 plants, a great number of maps, astronomical deter- 
minations of 240 places, 500 barometrical altitudes, physical obser- 
vations on the, loadstone, on the temperament of the Earth and of 
the Sea, on fii'ty-four Volcanoes, on the projected communication 
of the two Oceans, and on the moral history of Man. 

M. HiimboWt highly extols the Spaniards. Their Navigators 
are uncommonly clever in observations ; and he was astonished to 
observe the degree of e;ui<Iation, hiiclligeuce, and activity, which 
prevailed among them. They expend considerable sums ija iastru- 



308 PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS. 

monts ; and Spain^may servo as a model to Nations the most 
jealous with respect to Nautical Science. The Tables of M. Men- 
do/.a were attended with great expense, but they are extremely 
useful. 

General Hanson, who is at the, head of the der-ot of War, has 
complied with the desire of the f'mvaii o Longitude, to undertake 
the mensuration of the degrees of longitude in France, from Sfras- 
burgh to Brest. M. Henry, who had given proofs of hi* talents at 
Manheim, at Munich, and at Petersburg, set oif on the llth of 
April. The 20th of July lie began the mensuration of the base, 
and on the 16th of September if va- finished. It is 9780 fathoms. 
Jle performed his operations with the admirable rulers of platina 
employed by M. Del am b re for the bases of Pefpignan and 
Melun. 

The Eclipse of the llth of February was observed at Home, at 
Madrid, at Marseiilcs, and at Petersburg ; but the weather was 
almost every where unfavourable. 

M. Delambre has observed the solstices, and has obtained the 
same results as the preceding year. The Winder solstice gives 
C" more, taking Bradley's refractions. 

On the 25th of May, 1804, I deposited at the Observatory the 
MSS. and observations of Louviiie, liouguer, Lucailie, and 
d'Agc'et, that they might be added to those of Li'monnier. 

At Geneva the Observatory has been restored to its former 
'state. Messrs. Picter, Maurice, and John Louis Pictet Mallet, 
the Son of him Mho went to Kola, observed the occultaiion of the 
Pleiades on the 20th of October. 

The Elector of Bavaria is building an Observatory in the vicinity 
of Munich; the spot chosen for which embraces an immense 
horizon. Professor Seyffer, a celebrated Astronomer of Gottin- 
gen, has been appointed Director of this Establishment. 

Some rich Proprietors of Estates in Volhynia and the Ukraine 
have raised contributions among themselves for the purpose of 
establishing Lyceums at Kyrnninice., and at Winnica, for the 
Physical Sciences. They have purchased the library and instru- 
ments of the King of Poland. M. Sniadecki has received 12,000 
francs for telescopes and pendulums ; and no expense will be 
spared to have well-furnished Observatories. 

M. Goldbach, an able Astronomer of Leipzig, regretted that he 
was not able to devote himself entirely to the Science : 1 cndea. 
vourcd to procure him an advantageous situation, in order to 
attach him to it. At length M. Novosiltzoff, President of the 




PHILOSOPHICAL pxprui. 309 

Academy, and M. M;irawiert", appointed him Professor at the 
University of yiosccw, with a salary of 6000 francs. He is 
charged to dhect the construction of the new Observatory, to pro- 
Tide it with instruments, to make the current observations, to 
train to practical Astronomy *-ich Pupils as shall possess the pre- 
paratory attainments, and to hold a course of Lectures on theore- 
tical Astronomy, eiiher in 1'reiich or German, in one of tho 
auditories of the University. 

Several telescopes, by Cary, of different degrees of power, a 
good astronomical pendulum, a chronometer by Arnold, and au 
ntire portable circle, a foot in diameter, had previously b.-en pro- 
cured ; and another, three feet in diameter, by Kamsdcn's Successor, 
\vas expected. M. Goldbach will therefore be provided with all 
the means of being useful to the Observatory of Moscow. Tb 
Emperor of Russia still continues to manifest a desire forpromotiag 
knowledge, and an attachment to men of letters. M. Goldbach 
availed himself of hi* journey to determine the positions of several 
Towns: among the rest that of Riga, Ih. 27' C", and 56 57' 8*. 

While M. Gfoldbach is establishing Astronomy at Moscow, 
Messrs. Schubert and Wisniewski are occupied at the Observatory 
of Petersburg, and give us reason to expect a series of observa- 
tion*. The Academy has likewise engaged a Mechanic, named 
Die.nel, who will be useful to the Observatory. 

In the East Indies, Mr. Lambton has* measured an arch of the 
meridian, with instrument* by the celebrated Ramsden; but we are 
not yet acquainted with the result. It is his intention to measure 
several degrees. 

The Connoiftsancc dcs Terns for the year 15, which appeared 
towards the conclusion of this year, contains a great number of 
tables, memoirs, observations, aud calculations, by Messrs, de la- 
PJace, Delatubre, &c. 

The third Volume of Astronomical Essays, by J. J. Schroter, 
contains researches relative to the Planet Jupiter, to the rotation 
of Mercury, and to Comets. 

The eleventh Volume of the Italian Society contains a supple- 
toient to the catalogue of Stars by Cagnoli : a memoir by M. Piarzi, 
on the obliquity of the ecliptic, tiie result of which agrees with that 
found at Paris; the mean obiiquity for 1800, 23 27' 58" inst-ad 
of 51'", for the Summer solstices, and smaller by i>" instead of (/' for 
the Winter solstices. It likewise contains the observations of 
Messrs. Chiminello and Cassella. 

The printing of the Tables of the Sun, by M. Ddaialwe, has 



310 FIFTH REPORT OF THE 

been commenced. In these are many new equations, all the 
Clements of which have been verified by new observations. When 
these Tables are finished, those of the Moon will be printed, and 
afterwards those of the Planets. 

M. Bode has published the Ephemerides for 1806; in which he 
has introduced a great variety of original observations, from 
different Astronomical \Vriters. 

M.. Harding has remarked very .rapid alterations in the light of 
the Planet Olbers; they were in general very perceptible in the 
interval of 40' of time. He announces that M. Schrbter and he 
have always found the Ring of Saturn without rotation till the 
moment of its disappearance. 

M. Ben/.f.nlK'rs>- announces that he has seen Jupiter in broad day ; 
and he mentions persons who can see Regulus, and others the 
satellites of Jupiter, without telescopes. 

M. Wurm has found the equation of the Sun by Venus to be 
11" 6, and the size of Venus as 1,06 to the Earth ; but M. Delam- 
bre, by a great number of observations, made it only 0' 96. The 
observations of Bradley and Maskelyne produced the same result. 

[To be continued.] 



ftrfbrnu 

FIFTH REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS 
OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 

[Fifth Report concluded from page 235.] 

>ITII a view to the recommending the placing the Receipt of 
the Wages of Men dying in the West India Trade under the 
direction of the Trustees and Directors of the Merchants' Seamen's 
Hospitals at the several Ports, who collect their own Revenue, 
arising from a Duty of sixpence per month from Seamen in the 
Merchants' Service, and a moiety of the Run Men's Wages in the 
African Trade, for the support of their Establishments, which 
uloue are benefited by the unclaimed Wages' of Men dying in the 
West India Trade, we examined Mr. William Oddy*, Secretary to 

* The Examination of William Oddy, Esq.) Secretary to the 
Merchants' Seamen's Corporation; taken upon Oath '2,5th July, 
1803. 

Arc you Secretary to the Merchants' Seaacn's Corporation, established by Act 
f i'dh Ceo. U. ? Yes. 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 311 

the Merchants' Seamem' Corporation ; but, from the information we 
obtained, we are inclined to think the Monies would not be so 
well collected, and that the Merchants' Seamen's Hospitals are more 
benefited at present than they would be if the business was placed 
under their own direction. 

How, and by whom, is the Sixpence per month payable by Merchants' Seamen, 
for the support of the old and disabled Seamen of the several Ports, collected ? 
By myself at the Port of London, and by Collectors appointed by the Trustees 
at the several Out-Ports ; but there are some of the small Ports that make no 
Collection. 

Are not the Monies collected at the different Ports applicable only to the sup- 
port of the aged and infirm Seamen of the Port to which the Ships may belong ? 
Yes; and likewise ihe Widows and Children of such as shall be killed, slain, and 
drowned in the Merchants' Service. 

How is the Moiety of the Wages of Run Men in the African Trade forfeited 
to the Merchants' Seamen's Hospitals, by the Acts for the regulation of the Slave 
Trade, collected, and paid over to the Hospital ? By myself at the Port of 
London ; and, I conceive, at the Out-Ports, in the same manner as the Six- 
penny Duty. 

The Act of the 33d Gco. Ill, cap. 73, directs that the Wages of Seamen c'ying 
in the West India Trade shall be paid to the Receivers of the Sixpenny Duty for 
Greenwich Hospital; and that such as may not be claimed by the Representa- 
tives within three years, shall be forfeited and paid to the use of the Merchants' 
Seamen's Hospital at the Port to which the Ship belongs ; or if there be no Sea- 
men's Hospital, to the Magistrates of the County, to be distributed amung the 
old and disabled Seamen of the Port : as an allowance of fire per cent, is made to 
the Receivers at Liverpool and Bristol, and twelve and a half per cent, at the 
other Out-Ports for the Collection of this Money, under the direction of the 
Sixpenny Office, do you not conceive that this Revenue, as it lorms a part of (he 
Funds for the support ot the old and disabled Merchants' Seamgn, would bo more 
advantageously managed if placed under the Trustees and other Public Bodies 
who have the management of the Seamen's Hospitals, or other Establishments for 
the relief ef the old and disabled Seamen at the several Ports, and who must be 
interested in the due collection of it; whereas the Sixpenny Office has no bene- 
ficial interest ju it whatever? I should think it would (*). Sec the note rn 

following page. 

Do you apprehend that there are Hospitals, or other Establishments, for the 
support or relief of the old and disabled Merchants' Seamen at the several Ports in 
Gr^at Britain, that carry on a Trade in the West Indies ? There are, I conceive, 
Establishments for such purposes at all the Ports that carry on Trade with the 
West Indies. 

What Sums have been paid by the Sixpenny Office to the Merchants' Seamen's 
Fund in the Port of London, on account of the unclaimed Wages of Men dying 
in the West India Trade? For the year 1798, I believe ^.35^ 39s. Id.; and for 
the year 1799, <. 351 6.1. 4d.; out of which the Corporation gave the Receiver 
of the Sixpenny Duty's Clerk a gratuity of ten guineas each year, for his trouble 

in the Collection: 

WILLIAM OPDY. 

Charles M. Pole, 
John Ford. 



312 firm RETORT OF THE 

. As the Wages are paid to the Representatives without any 
deduction, and as the ivhole of the Commission on the Receipt is 
takwn from such Wages as reraiin unclaimed at the end of three 
years, whereby the Sums payable to the Merchants' Seamen's llos. 
j i als ;iie considerably reduced, it occurred to us it. might be 
advisable to recommend, that the Commission allowed on the 
Coller.ion \^\\t be deducted from the Monies received by the 
Representatives; but as we find the Wages are frequently paid to 
them on the same day they are received by the Sixpenny Office, 
and as they are generally Wives or Relations in indigent circum- 
stances, we are disposed to think the expense of the Collection had 
better be defrayed, as it has hitherto been, from the Wages that 
remain unclaimed. 

The Money in the hands of Mr. John Rashleigh, the late 
Receiver of the c; ixpenny Duty, on the 17th of May, 1803, the 
time of his decease, amounted to the Sum of thirteen thousand 
seven hundred and twelve pounds sixteen shillings and eleven pence 
halfpenny ; viz. 

On account of the Sixpenny Duty, and the Moiety . s. d. 
of the Wages of Men deserting from Ships in 
the African Trade 5,961 13 9 

On Account of the Wages of Men (lying in the 

West India Trade 7,751 3 2 



. 13,712 16 



The former Sum was paid by the Executor of Mr. Rashleigh to 
the Treasurer of Greenwich Hospital, on the 28th of May and the 
28th of July last, and the latter remains in the hands of his 
Executor, subject to the claims of the Representatives of such 
deceased Seamen, for three years ; and at the end of that term, the 

Addition made to the foregoing Examination^ by desire of this 
Examinattt, the C 25th of July, 1803. 

(*) Upon reconsideration, I should think it will be better collected by the 
Sixpenny Oilier, as all the Masters coming to the Port of London arc o! 
pay the S xpenny Duty to Gn.vir.vidi IL>sp,!.il, hy which means the Sixpenny 
Office. h;is the opportunity of interrogating all the Masters as to i^e amount of the 
''en's Wiiges; but as such Al.-'s'rrs ol S'ii|.s cr.iiv us belong td the Port pay 
to the Merchants' Seamen's Fund, such only would be interrogated by us. 

WILLIAM ODDY, 
Charles M. Pole. 

John Ford. 
Henry Nicholls. 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 3L3 

Sums remaining unclaimed must be paid to the Merchants' Seamen's 
Hospitals by him, according to the provisions of the Ad, unless he 
should be induced to pay over to Mr. Rashleigh's Successor the 
amount of Dead Men's Wages in his hands, on receiving a Bond 
of Indemnity, as it appears tha present Receiver of the Sixpenny 
Duty cannot, as the Law now stands, give a legal discharge for 
such Money; but we are of opinion it is highly expedient, that, 
upon the demise or removal of a Receiver, the xSum of Alonoy in 
his hands at the time should be paid over to his Successor in Office, 
it-being evidently the intention of the Legislature that the Wages 
should be paid to the Receiver in his official, and not in his private 
capacity, as otherwise the object of security might be detoj-"d, 
and the Representatives would have to seek for an Individual, 
instead of applying at a Public Office for the Monies due to 
them. 

The Monies paid into Greenwich Hospital in the year 1802 by 
the Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty, amounted to twenty-two 
thousand seven hundred and fifty-eight pounds five shillings and 
one penny ; but the Receipt of that year was swelled beyond its 
usual amount by the paying off the armed Vessels in Government 
Service, and by the return of the'Transports from abroad, which 
were several years in arrear to the Sixpenny Oifice. On an average 
of the last twenty years there has been paid in the Sum of thirteen 
thousand seven hundred and thirty-six pounds and five pence, and 
the average of the Salaries and incidental expenses of the Establish- 
ment during that time has been one thousand four hundred and 
two pounds two shillings and ten pence. 

The Receiver* makes his payments to Greenwich Hospital of 

* The Examination of Edward Bate, Esq.) Deputy Treasurer 
of Greenioich Hospital; taken upon Oath '25th July, 1803. 

At what time does the Receiver of the Duty of Sixpence per Man per month 
from the Seamen in the Merchants' Service to Greenwich Pfospital, pay over the 
Sums received by him on that account? He m;tkes his payments eight time* 
within the year, on the 28th of the following months ; January, March, April, 
May, July, August, October, and November, unless they should happen to be 
holidays. 

Has the Receiver been regular in his payments at the periods which you have 
tated? Uniformly so. 

At the times of making such payments, did the Receiver pay over the whole 
amount of the Duty thf-n in his hands, or what proportion of it has it been usual 
to allow him to retain? He makes his payments one under the other, always 
holding two mouths' receipts in his hand. 



J3at>.$ion. EoI.XrV. ss 



314 FIFTH RETORT OF THE 

the Money received by him within the year, by eight instal- 
ments ; vi/. 

On the, 28th of April, the Receipt of the Port of London for the 
months of January and February. 

28th of May, the Receipt of the Port of London for the 
month of March, and the Receipts from the Out-Ports, 
for Lady-day Quarter. 

2Sth of July, the Receipt for the Port of London for the 
months of April and May. 

28th of August, the Receipt of the Port of London for the 
month of June, and the Receipt from the Out- Ports for 
Midsummer Quarter. 

28th of October, the Receipt for the Port of London for 
July and August. 

28th of November, the Receipt of the Port of London for 
. the month of September, ' and the Receipts from the 
Out-Ports for Michaelmas Quarter. 

28th of January of the following year, the Receipt of the 
Port of London for the months of October and Novem- 
ber. 

28th of March, the Receipt of the Port of London for the 
Month of December, and the Receipts from the Out- 
Ports for Christmas Quarter; the Receipts from Guern- 
sey, Jersey, and the Ports abroad for the year ; and the 
Deposits and Forfeitures received at the Port of Loiidoa 
ivithiu the year. 

And on the 2Sth of March in each year, the Receiver delivers 



What account does the Receiver of the Sixpenny Duty render to the Treasurer 
of Greenwich Hospital, at the lime of making his periodical payments? He rea- 
ders no accmmt to the Treasurer. 

At what period h::s it been usual lor the Receiver to pay over the Moiety of 
Run Men's Wages in the African Trade, forfeited to Greenwich Mov il .1 bj lh 
Acts for regulating the Slave Trade? I cannot say. 

Are there any, and what deductions, made from the Sixpenny Duty, other than 
th- charge on the Collection at the Out-Ports, and the salaries and incident;;! 
Bxpenscg of the Sixpenny Office? -I caanot say; it is not in ray Department, 
The Trt usurer has nothing to do with the Accounts of the Receiver of the SUju'iHiy 
Office; they are examined by the Boaid of Directors, and referred to the 
Auditor for further examination. 

E. BATE. 

C!,artK Jf. Pole. 

.h>hn I'urd. 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 



315 



an annual Account of his Receipts* ami Disbursements, -with 
Vouchers for the latter, to the Directors of Greenwich Hospital ; 
but the only Check upon his Receipts is a Certificate given on the 
Account, by the Accountant and Comptroller, that he has duly 
charged hiniieli' with all Sums received on account of the Hos- 
pital. 

In this account the gross produce of the Hospital Revenue is not 
itated, with the several charges of Collection ; but simply a nett 

* An Account of Money received by John Rashleigh, Esq., appointed by the Right 
Hon. the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, Receiver of the Duty of Six- 
pence a Man per month out of Merchants' Seamen's Wages, for the use of the 
Royal Hospital at Greenwich; between the 1st January 1802, and the 3lst 

December following, both days included: viz. 

.* 



NAMES or THE TORTS. 



SUM. 



.. * d. . s . d . 

London 12,373 7 7 

Abcrystwith 10 10 

Aldbro' 411 1 

Arundel 10 310 

Barnstaple 15 9 3 

Beaumaris 2218 

Berwick 53 2 3 

Bidford 312 1 

Blackney and Clay 336 

Blythnooke 47 6 1 

Boston 5016 7 

Bridgewater 25 4 

Bridlitigton 6 3 

Bristol .'. 438 13 

Cardigan 100 

Caernarvon 6 9 4 

Chepstowe 41 8 

Carmarthen C 10 4 

Chester 55 2 

Colchester 14 10 3 

Conway 6 Oil 

Cowes 6 13 3 

Dartmouth 1614 8 

Deal 300 

Dover 53 19 11 

Exeter 91 2 2 

Falinouth 20* 6 4$ 

Feversham 2 6 1 

Fowey 16 14 J 

Gloucester 9 14 9 

Harwich 70 10 10 

Holy-head 21 1 



Carried over ..1,319 8 4i 12,373 7 7 



315 



rrrrrr REPORT or THE 



Sum, as the amount of fh<^ Sixpenny Duty is placed against tlie 



AA>iKS OK TUI; PUll'l'S. 


SUM. 




. s. rf. 
...1,319 U 4 


. s. d. 
12,373 7 7 

0,250 18 10$ 


Hull 


490 3 8 


Ilfracombe 


7 16 2 


Ipswich 


26 1 2 


J/anr i a.s'er 


31 13 11 




16 15 6 


Liverpool' 


. 3,000 13 5J 




20 6 9 




14 8 10 




58 18 2 


Miltbrd 


42 9 




315 


No nth 


400 




. 1,134 8 4i 




1826 


Padstow 


312 




488 




410 


Pile of Fowdry . . 


17 17 




102 2 1 


Poole 


58 16 11 


Portsmouth 


138 17 5 


Pul!r-;h . 


8 o 


Rochester 


66 18 7 




35 18 
27 10 5 
451 18 11 
7 9 6J 
21 69^ 
50 2 10 
14 11 Oj 
458 17 1 
123 13 OJ 
25 5 3 
10 5 1 
35 13 11 
41 12 6 
102 3 7 
2 15 3$ 
108 11 O 




Sand ivieb 


Searbro' 


Shoreham 


Southampton 


Soutliwold 


Sundvrland 


Swansey 




Wells 




Whitbv 


Whitehavcn 


WisLeach 


V ui mouth 


North Britain 


.8,162 4 10 
1,268 15 1 
617 7 2 
112 19 5i 
39 12 4 


Irelan J 


Guernsey 


Jersey 


Carried forward... 






V..fi94. fi M 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVAL INQUIRY. 



317 



names of the several Ports in England, M'ith the amounts of the 
Collection in Scotland and Ireland, without any notice of Run 
Men's Wages, or the Commission on Dead Men's Wages ; and, in 



NAMES OF THE PORTS. 


SUM. 








. s. d. 

22,624, 6 5i 

553 13 5 $ 
370 8 9 
13 13 
663 10 8 


AMERICAN PORTS. 

Barbadoes, Bridge Town 


. * 

30 


d. 

9 

6* 

10 



73 





10 

4* 

2 


9 





.. 13 12 




.. 32 15 


Gren-ida, St. George 


. . 1,5 19 


Jlalhiax 


.. 33 19 


t Kingston 


.. 64 16 


Jamaica i p . 


15 13 


- i Si. Pieire . . 


88 10 


Martinico ) 
1 Fort Royal 


. . 17 12 




55 


New Providence 


32 




15 19 


Quebec 


10 




24 3 


St. Kilt's SBassaterre 


.. 15 
20 2 


St. John's, Prince Edward's Island 


22 
. . 35 4 


St. John's, New Brunswick 


.. 25 


St. Lucia . 


10 


Tortola 


40 16 


Turks Island . 


50 


























"Je. 


.-.j.e'-T 12 4 J 



The above, amounting to twenty-four thousand two hundred and twenty-five 
pounds twelve shillings and four pence farthing, is what we find, on examining our 
books, to be chargeable on John Rashleigh, Esq., between 1st January 1802, and 
the 31st December following, both days included. 

Dated Receiver's Office for Greenwich Hospital on Tower Hill, 
this 31st March 1803. 

JOHN CLEVEIAND, Accountant 
JOHN BEVEJILEY, Comptroller. 



rder to magnit'y the Receipts in the Port of London, it has bee* 
the practice since the year 1766, to deduct the amount of the. 
salaries and incidental charges of the Sixpenny Office from the 
Monies collected at the Out-Ports, without stating in the account 
that it was so deducted. 

By the mode of payment to Greenwich Hospital before stated, 
there is always left in the hands of the Receiver and his Deputies 
the amount of two months' Collection ; but the balance of the 
Receiver, at the time of making four of his payments, is suffered 
to accumulate to the amount of four months' Collection, and in 
the others to three. 

As we see no reason why the Receiver should make his payments 
Tinder specific heads, we recommend that he do in future pay over 
to the Treasurer of Greenwich Hospital, on thp first day of every 
wiorrth, the amount of money in his hands on account; and that he 
do make up his annual accounts, as at present, to the 31st of 
December, and pay over the remaining balance, if any, on the 28th 
f March in each year. 

From what is before stated, it will hare been observed, that the 
Accounts rendered to Greenwich Hospital by the Commissioners 
of the Sixpenny Duty are fallacious, inasmuch as no notice what- 
ever is taken of the Moiety of Run Men's Wages in the African 
Trade, or of other forfeitures and penalties at the Out-Ports, nor 
of the Sums that hare been advanced or repaid on account of th 
Commission on Dc<ad Men's Wages in the West India Trade; and 
by not noticing the periods to which thu Deputies have made their 
payments, the Directors of the Hospital must be led to suppose 
they are not very much in arrear: we therefore recommend, that 
the 4leceirer of the Sixpenny Duty, in his annual account to 
Greenwich Hospital, do state each particular head of Receipt, with 
the gross amount of the Sums collected, and the expenses thereon, 
and that he detail the Receipts of the Ports of Scotland and 
Ireland the same as those of England, noting the time against each 
Port to which the Duties have been paid up, by which means the 
Director and Auditor of Greenwich Hospital will be enabled to 
notice any improper charges or allowances, to compare the Receipts 
of one year with another, under each particular head, and to 
direct their attention to any Branch of the Revenue of the Hos- 
pital which they may think badly collected. 

On considering the Establishment of the Office, and the duties to 
be performed, we arc of opinion, that two Commissioners arc 
fully adequate to conduct the business ; one to be Receiver^ as at 



COMMISSIONERS OF NATAL IN^UIRT. 



Sit 



present, and the other a Check upon the Receiver, under the de- 
nomination of Comptroller. 

As the proper Collection of the Hospital Revenue, and the du 
accounting for the same, must depend on the ability and assiduity 
of these Officers, the necessity for efficient Persons being selected 
to fill the situations must be apparent; and we recommend that 
constant personal attendance be required of them, as we conceive, 
that \vith proper attention on their part to the Collection of th 
Duty in the Port of London, and to the conduct of the Deputy 
Receivers, the Revenue of Greenwich Hospital may be consider, 
ably increased. 

The Salaries which we think may be proper to be allowed to th* 
Officers and Clerks are as follow ; and >ve are of opinion, that 
each Clerk should take an affidavit, that he will not directly or in. 
directly receive any Fee, Gratuity, Perquisite, or Emolument, ia 
any shape whatever, for the execution of his Duty, other than th 
Salary allowed him. 



PRESENT ESTABLISHMENT. 

Three Commissioners one 

at . 300, one at . 200, 

and one at , 100 600 

First Clerk to Receiver 82 10 

Second do 6210 

Accountant's Clerk 72 10 

Comptroller's Clerk 62 10 

. 880 



PROPOSED ESTABLISHMENT. 

Receiver 450 t 

Comptroller 400 # 

First Clerk to Receiver . . 250 

Second do 100 * 

Clerk to the Comptroller . 150 



. 1,350 

The other Persons on the establishment 
ol the Oflice to be paid as at present. 



By the Salaries we have proposed, an increase of Expense to 
Greenwich Hospital will appear to be incurred of 4701, a year ; 
but we apprehend, that the additional Revenue which the Hospital 
M'ill derive from a vigilant Saperintendance of its Receipt, if pro. 
per Persons be appointed, will more than compensate for this Ex. 
pense: and besides, the Reduction of the Commission of the 
Deputy Receiver at Liverpool, say to five per cent, on the Receipt 
of the Sixpenny Duty, and on Run A'j en's Wages, Mill produce a 
saving of at least three hundred pounds a year ; the Hospital will 
likewise be a gainer of one hundred pounds a year by the Coin- 
miiaion of two and a half per cent, proposed to be charged ou the 



320 FIFTH REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS, &C. 

Receipt of Dead Men's Washes at the Port of London ; and by pay- 
ing up the Monies collected monthly, we conceive that Greenwich 
Hospital will derive an inti-rcit therefrom, more than equal to the 
remainder of the Expense. 

The Receiver, in addition to his Salary, will have the advantage 
of a house, and must necessarily have a considerable Sum of Money 
in his hands, arising from the Receipt ot the Wages of Men dying 
in the West India Trade. 

As we have proposed a Reduction in the Establishment of the 
Office, it might be expected we should recommend that the Salaries 
of the Persons removed should be continued to them during life; but 
as such Compensation is only justifiable on the ground ot long and 
faithful services, we do not feel ourselves, in the present case, 
warranted in making such a proposal ; more especially as the 
Money, if so appropriated, must be drawn from a Fund destined 
for charitable purposes, whereby Seamen who have exposed their 
lives in the defence of their Country, might be deprived in Age 
and infirmity of that relief and support to which they may event- 
ually be entitled from long Services and Acts of personal In. 
trepidity. 

CHA. M. POLE, (L. S.) 
EWAN LAW, (L. S.) 
JOHN FORD, (L. A'.) 

OJfict of Naval Jnqmry, HENRY NICIIOLLS, (L. S.) 

no. 2-1, Grtat George Street, 
Qth August, 1803. 

[To be continued.] 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 

An Account of a Voyage to establish a Colon}/ at PORT PHILIP in 
BASS'S STRAIT, on thu South Coatt of Ntv SOCTH WALES, in 
Mis Majesty's Ship Calcutta, in the Years 1802, 1803, and 
1801. By J. II. TUCKEY, Esq. First Lieutenant of tliv 
Calcutta. STO. pp. 239. 1S05. 

'W'AIuQUS causes having opeiated to induce Government to 

employ King's Ships in transporting Convicts to Nevr 

S..-.-li \\alcs, the Glatton was lilted out for that purpose, and 

saii-.-d for Port Jackson in September 1802. The Calcutta, 



NATAL LITERATURE. S21 

another Ship of the same class*, to which Mr. Tuckey was 
appointed, was intended to pursue a similar route, and was 
commissioned in October following ; but, while fitting out, a 
change was made in her destination, and she ultimately sailed 
for Bass's Strait, there to establish a new Colony. She cleared 
the Channel on the S9th of April, 1 803, and proceeded on hei 
Voyage. As Mr. Tuckey informs us, in his dedication f, " the 
Calcutta's Voyage was never intended to be a Voyage of Dis- 
covery ; and, from the nndeviating route which she pursued, it 
was particularly barren of events which could lead to scientific 
observations." The Calcutta, accompanied by the Ocean, a 
Merchant Ship laden with Stores for the use of the new Settle- 
ments, anchored before Santa Cruz on the 1 7th of May, and 
having taken in water, ar.d procured a supply of wine, sailed 
again on the 21st. Mr. Tuckey considers that, in its present 
state, Santa Cruz could scarcely make a successful defence 
against a well-conducted Coup de Main, as the Fortifications 
are in ruins, and as die Garrison consists of a mere rabble. A 
single Line of Battle Ship might silence the Battery which de- 
feuds the Pier. 

A shot from this Battery (says our Author) pursued its too 
unerring course, and deprived the Navy of the brave Bowen, at 
the same time that it took off the arm of Nelson. In the Ch\irch 
of Neustra Senora de Con:tantia is suspended the Union Flag 
left behind by Nelson in the unsuccessful Attack on the Hand in 
1799. It was pointed out to us with every mark of national ptide 
by our Conductor, who, after a long harangue on the courage of 
their Troops, was drily requested by an English Officer to be par- 
ticularly careful of this trophy of their prowess, for that Nelson, 
might probably one day return and call for it. 

From the Cape Verd Islands, the Calcutta proceeded to Rio 
Janeiro, which enabled Mr. Tuckey to collect some interesting 

* The Calcutta and Glatton, fitted exactly alike, were armed enjiute, haviug 
only 18 guns on the upper deck ; rigged as 56 gun Ships, with a complement of 
170 Men. 

t To Sir F. J Hartwell, Kt. one of the Honourable th* Comffiissieueri of Hit 
Majesty's Navy. 

. (BoI.XIV. T T 



322 NAtAL UTEUATUnE. 

particulars respecting the Population, Manners, Diseases, &c. 
of the Brasilians. He informs us that, at Rio Janeiro, 

On the importation of a Cargo of Negroes, they are christened 
previous to their sale : for this purpose, they are marched to a 
Churchyard, and separated into as many groupes as there are 
different names to be iven : the Priest standing in the middle of 
each Croupe, ilourUhes a broom dipped in holy water over their 
heads, until they arc all well sprinkled, and, at the same time, 
bawls Out to them what their name is to be. 

Having passed the C;ipe, it was intended to make the Island 
of St. Paul, in order to verity the Chronometers, which were 
at that time no less than six degrees a-head of the reckoning; 
but night coming on, and the Wind blowing fresh and fair, the 
Calcutta ran past it. Mr. Tuckcy here mentions, iu a Note, 
the following unusual failure of a Chronometer : 

The Chronometers on board were constructed by Mr. Mudge, 
No. 8, and No. 12. The rate given in England continued Midi- 
out variation to Tristan d'Acunha, but in the run from thence to 
the Cape we found an error of half a degree of longitude ; that is, 
a loss of two minutes of time. On the 29th of August, No. 8 
stopped without any apparent cause, and the next day resumed its 
going ; this prevented any dependence being placed on it for the 
rest of the Passage. At Port Philip and Port Jackson the rates- 
were again ascertained by daily obsenations, and they continued 
to agree until a few days after leaving Port Jackson, when No. 8 
again stopped. Ne. 12 agreed perfectly with the landfall of Cape 
Horn, but on our arrival at Rio Janeiro we found an error of 75 
miles of longitude to the westward, being a loss of five minutes of 
time from Port Jackson to Rio, for the giren longitude of Cape 
Horn could not be depended on. 

On the 10th of October, 1803, the Calcutta made King 
Island ; and on the following morning she entered the Harbour 
of Port Philip. 

The week following our arrival at Port Philip (says Mr. 
luckey) was occupied in searching for an eligible place to fix th 
Settlement. As it was of the greatest consequence that this 
should be of easy access to Shipping, the Shores near the Mouth 
of the Port were first examined : there, to our great mortification, 
we observed a total want of fresh water, and found the Soil so ex- 



NAVAL LITERATURE. 323 

tremely light and sandy, as to deny all hopes of successful Cultiva- 
tion. As it was, however, determined to land the People, a 
small Bay, eight miles from the Harbour's Vlouth, was pitched 
upon for that purpose; where, by sinking casks, water of a 
tolerabio quality was procured, and here the Camp was pitched ; 
and on the IGth of October the Marines and Convicts were land- 
ed, while the Ships immediately began to discharge their Cargoes. 

Several interviews with the Natives took place. They came 
to the Boats entirely unarmed, and without the smallest degree 
of apprehension. Presents of blankets, biscuit, &c. were given 
to them, with which, except in one instance of trivial theft, 
they departed satisfied and. inoffensive. 

A careful survey of the Port having been made, the following 
descriptive particulars are given: 

Port Philip is in the bottom of a deep Bight between Cape 
Albany, Otway, and Point Schank. Coming from the westward, 
the Po.'t may be knov>n by a single bluli' fleatl'and without trees, 
rising from low land, thickly wooded about four leagues to the 
westward of the entrance, to which we gave the name of Whale- 
head, from its resemblance to that Sh. The prevalence of south- 
erly Winds renders Port Philip easily accessible; but in the same 
proportion the egress is difficult ; for Point Schank bearing S. J 1 ]., 
and Cape Otway S. W., it is obvious that with tiu^ Wind at south, 
a Ship would not clear either, and the heavy Swell that constantly 
tumbles on the Coast between Port Philip and Western Port, will 
often render it impossibly (particularly in light Winds) to k-.-ep off 
the Shore, which here presents a continued Harrier of ilock, that 
denies the smallest hopes of escape to those dashed upon it. 

The appearance of the Country at first indicated fruitfulness 
and plenty ; but, on examination, the Soil was found to be 
extremely unfavourable 'to Vegetation. This, and the scarcity 
of water, rendered it necessary to determine on removing the 
Colony to a more eligible situation, which was at length found 
on the River Darwent, whither the Convicts were conveyed, 
the New Settlement receiving the name of Ilobart. Previously 
t > this, however, a Skirmish had taken place with the Natives, 
in which one of them was killed, and two or three wounded. 
A spirit of plunder, on the part of those Savages, who had^.as- 



324 NAVAL UTrRATURE. 

gembled to the amount of two hundred, occasioned this unfortu- 
nate circumstance. 

The remainder of the Calcutta's Voyage (observes Mr. 
Tnckey,) was almost totally barren of incident, either to amuse or 
instruct. She sailed from Port Philip the 18th of December, and 
passing through Bass's Straits, without experiencing any difficul- 
ties, arrived at Port Jackson the 26th. Here she took in a Cargo 
of Ship Timber (about 600 logs), and sailed again on the I 7 th of 
March, 1804 ; passed to the southward of New Zealand, which 
was seen on the 20th ; doubled Cape Horn on the 27th of April, 
and arrived at Rio tie Janeiro on the 22d of May, thus accomplish- 
ing a Voyage round the World, discharging and receiving a Cargo, 
ip eleven months. 

We cannot close this Performance without observing, that 
we have derived great pleasure from its perusal. It is written 
with much elegance, and in a very animated style. 



A Voyage round the World, In the Years 1800, 1801, 1802, 
1803, and 1801 ; in which the Author mailed the principal 
Islands in the Pacific Ocean, and the Engli- h Settlements oj 
POJIT JACKSON and NORFOLK. I.SLANP. #j/ JOHN TUKXIHJLLJ 
3 vols. 12mo. 1805. 

THIS Performance indicates much modesty on the part of 
the Author, whose Voyage was undertaken on a commer- 
cial Speculation. " The principal part of his observations," 
says the Writer, speaking in the third person, " are confined 
within the Tropics, particularly the Society and Sandwich 
Islands, where the Reader will perceive a wonderful contrast in 
the genius and dispositions of the two Nations. Whilst the 
Sandwich Islanders are making rapid advances towards Civiliza- 
tion and a knowledge of the mechanical Arts, the Natives of 
the Society Islands, for whom Nature may be said to have ex- 
erted her utmost efforts, by a strange perversion of her Laws, 
have lifted up a high hand to counteract her intentions." 

The nautical information to be fount! in these Volumes is very 
scanty ; but the Author's observations on Men and Manners, jw 



NAVAt LITERATURE. 325 

they relate to the Inhabitants of these distant Regions, are 
more minute and interesting than any that have been before 
published. 

A Description of the Island o/Sx. HELENA ; containing Observa- 
tions on its singular Structure and Formation ; and an Account 
of its Climate, Natural History, and Inhabitants. 12mo. 
1805. 

PHE Title of this Volume, which is with much propriety 
dedicated to the Court of East India Directors, sufficiently 
informs the Reader of its contents. A principal object of the 
Author is, to prove that the Island is of volcanic origin. 

Voyage to, and Travels through, the four principal Inlands in the 
African Seat, performed by Order of the French Government, 
during the Tears 1801 and 1802, zsith a Narrative of the Pas- 
sage of Captain BAUIMN to POUT Louis in the MAURITIUS. 
By J. B. G. M. BORV Di; ST. VINCENT, Officer of the Stajf, 
and Chief Naturalist on board le Naturalist Sloop of War, in 
the. Expedition of Discovery, commanded by Captain BAUDIN. 
1805. 

" TPHE Title page," observes the Translator of this Work, 
f( sufficiently explains the Character in which the Author 
of the following Travels was employed by the French Govern* 
merit. The account he has given of his Mission is chiefly 
valuable as a collection of important Facts. What he saw, he 
has described with perspicuity, and, without pronouncing any 
positive opinion himself, has left it to the learned to decide on 
the Questions which his Observations have suggested." 

This account is tolerably fair ; but it should have been ad- 
mitted that, as a Man, M. de St. Vincent is an abominable ego- 
tist ; and, as a Frenchman, his national vanity and boasting are 
ridiculous in the extreme. 

The researches, however, of this volatile Frenchman will be 
highly acceptaule to the respective Classes- of Naturalists ; and 
to the mere nautical Reader will afford some occasional amuse- 
ment and information, 



32S 

poetry. 

The He.art's remote recesses to explore, 

And touch it's Springs, when Prose avail'd no more. 



THE following Ballad, by the late William Cowper, Ksq., pub- 
lished by Mr. Hay ley, in the Appendix to his Lite of that Poet, 
(Vol. II, page 299), was founded on an Anecdote which the 
Author met with in the Buckinghamshire Herald, for Saturday, 
June 1, 1793, in the following words : 

" Glaf^mc, Nay 23. 

" In a block, or pulley, near the head of the mast of a Gabert now lying at the 
Brooraielaw, there is a Chaffinch's Nest and four Eggs. The N'st was built 
while the Vessel lav at Greenock, and was followed hither by both Birds. Though 
the block is occasionally lowered for the inspection of the curious, th. Birds have 
not forsaken the Nest. The Cock however visits the Nest but seldom, while the 
lien never leaves it> but when, she descends to the hulk for food." 

TN Scotland's Realm, where Trees arc few, 

Nor even Shrubs abound, 
But where, however bleak the view, 
Some better things are found: 

For Husband there, and Wife may boast 

Their union undefil'd ; 
And false ones are as rare almost, 

As Hedge-rows in the Wild. 

In Scotland's Realm, forlorn and bare, 

This Hist'ry chanc'd of late, 
This Hist'ry of a wedded Pair, 

A Chaffinch and his Mate. 

The Spring drew near, each felt a breast 

With genial instinct fill'd ; 
They pair'd ! and only wish'd a Nestj 

But found not where to build. 

The Heaths uncovcr'd, and the Moors, 

Except with Snow and Sleet ; 
Sea beaten Rocks and naked Shores 

Could yield them no retreat. 

Long time a breeding place, they sought, 

Till both grew vex'd and tir'd ; 
At length a Ship arriving, brought 

The good so long desir'd ; 



NATAL potraT. 327 



A Ship! Could Such a restless thing 

Afford them place of rest? 
Or was the Merchant charg'd to bring 

The harmless Birds a Nest? 

Hush ! Silent Hearers profit most : . 

This Racer of the Sea 
Prov'd kinder to them than the Coast, 

It serv'd them with a Tree. 

But such a Tree! 'twas shaven Deal, 
The Tree they call a Mast; 

And had a hollow with a Wheel 
Through which the Tackle pass'd. 

Within that Cavity aloft 

Their roofless Home they fixt ; 

Form'd with materials neat and soft. 
Bents, wool, and feathers mixr. 

Four iv'ry Eggs soon pave its floor, 
With russet specks bedight : 

The Vessel weighs forsakes the Shore. 
And lessens to the sight. 

The Mother Bird is gone to Sea, 
As she had chang'd her kind; 

But goes the Mate ? Far wiser he 
Is doubtless left behind. 

No ! Soon as from ashore he saw 
The winged Mansion move: 

He flew to reach it, by a law 
Of nevcr-failing Love ! 

Then perching at his Consort's side., 

Was briskly borne along ; 
The Billows and the Blasts defied, 

And cheer'd ker with a Song. 

The Seaman with sincere delight. 

His feather'd Shipmate ejes, 
Scarce less exulting in the Sight, 

Than when he tows a l j rize ; 



328 lUVAt, POETRTr 

For Seamen much belieye in signs, 

And from a chance so new, 
Each some approaching good divines, 

And may his Hopes be true J 

Hail ! honour'd Land ! a Desert, where 

Not even Birds can hide; 
Yet Parent of this loving Pair, 

Whom nothing could divide : 

And ye, who rather than resign 

Your matrimonial plan; 
Were not atraid to plough the Brine, 

In company with Man : 

To whose lean Country, much disdain 

We English ol'ttn show; 
Yet from a richer, nothing gain 

But wantonness and wo : 

Be it your fortune, year by year, 

The same resource to prove; 
And may ye, sometimes landing here, 

Instruct us how to love i 

THE SAILOR. 

A SONG. 

(From Miss TEMPLE'S Poems.) 

I forget the look she gave, 
When Passion scal'd the parting token ? 
Her lily hand she thrice did wave, 

But ne'er the faintest word was spoken. 

Can I forget that chasten'd smile, 

Which veil'd a heart o'ercharg'd with sorrow ? 
Yet my wild anguish to beguile, 

E'en Joy's fair semblance tri'd to borrow. 

Can I forget the trembling tear 

That seem'd to say we part for ever; 

And plainly told the hidden fear, 
That Fats the bands of Love would sever ? 



NATAL POETRY. 

nectar'd lip ! that once was mine, 

Sweet form that haunts my fev'rish slumberi j 
Dear face that mem'ry owns divine, 
E'en all the charms my fancy numbers ! 

At length I view'd my native Shore ; 

How wildly then my gay heart bounded t 

1 ilew to meet my Love once more; 

Her name through every Grove resounded. 

Her name alas ! 'twas all remain'd, 

'Twas all the envious Fates had left ma! 

No more by darkling woes detain'd, 
She fled and oh ! of peace bereft me. 

THE SAILOR'S FAREWELL. 

(From CAREY'S " 'Reign of Fancy ") 
\ 

O Sea-born Gales, that fan the rippling Tide, 
* Lo! COMMERCE spreads the bellying canvass wide; 
With breast that softly heaves, and Pennons gay, 
She courts the Winds to waft her on her way. 
Hark! the symphonious strains of music swell, 
The Sailor sighs and sings a long farewell. 
" Farewell the chalky Cliffs of Britain's Isle, 
Farewell to love and Anna's angel smile ! 
Adieu ! the wild-wood bowers that pleas'd my youth, 
That witness'd to my vows of endless truth; 
That oft have heard the song of other days, 
That fondly warbled in my Anna's praise. 
Ah ! many a setting Sun shall gild the Main, 
Ere I shall taste your genuine sweets again : 
Yet, oft as evening sheds its watery gleam, 
On morning shoots afar its purple beam, 
Whither we stem far-distant Gambia's Wave 
With daring prow, or polar terrors brave, 
Still, still on you the anxious thought shall dwell, 
Ye genuine sweets that now I bid farewell. 



330 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

(Sept cm bcr October. ) 
RETROSPECTIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS. 

'TT'HE energy of Europe seems at length to be roused -against the furious and 
malignant Corsican ; who, to do him justice, possesses a most notable method 
of calling darkness light, and light darkness. All Nations who do not side with this 
vaunting and threatening Adventurer, are called Pirates, eternal Enemies of the 
Continent, or by any other terra, which may gratify the disappointed fury of an 
Usurper's mind. We sincerely hope that a League whieh has been formed on 
the soundest Principles of the Law of Nations, will be rigidly and uniformly sup- 
ported ; and that the Blessings of a leng and lasting Peace will succeed the 
Thunder Storm which is ready to burst on Napoleon. 

Buonaparte, like another Richard the Third, hesitates not at any thing which 
seems to offer a more prompt execution of the Plans he has in view. Utterly 
devoid of Religion, and consequently of Principle, he Vet, like Richard, talks of 
nothing else. One would think that the Prayer Book and the Scales of Justice 
were continually before him : whilst Talleyrand, like another Buckingham, plays 
the Jackall to this rapacious Monster. 

According to Letters from Lubec, a part of the Russian Fleet of Men of War 
and Transports was to sail from Cronstadl for Revel on the 23d of October : and 
we also learn, that a part of the Danish Navy is Jilting out at Copenhagen. Pre- 
parations are also making at Cronenburgh, and a number of Sailors have received 
rders to repair thither. 

At home, the venerable Lord Barhain, like another Nestor, directs the avenging 
Power of the British Trident; and we sincerely wish, that the effect of his Wis- 
dom and nautical Experience may be allowed to act, uninfluenced and unchecked 
by any of the other Departments of Government. We allude to the Catamaran 
Story of a Brig, which was anchored abreast of Walmer Castle, and blown to 
atoms without any noise, or any appearance of Fire. Our Seamen have no need 
of Internals. Good old plain British fighting, such as has been practised bv an 
Howe, n Hood, a Dundan, and a Nelson, and by others like them, and eq;;;il to 
them when opportunity shall so offer, is worth all the Internals that ever came 
from the Eafers. Let us, in the name of sound Policy, and Principle, lend such 
Engines of Destruction to Naptleon. 



An Order of Council has been signed for altering the mode of dividing Prizs 
Money in the Navy. The old method of dividing the net produce of a Capture 
into eight parts is to be discontinued ; and in future it will be divided into a hun- 
dred, to be disposed of in certain proportions. 

In addition to the rapid augmentation of the two and three-decked Slips and 
Frigates which our Navy has recently experienced, Lord Barham has built, 
equipped, and commissioned the following Si oops of War, a class of Ships much 
wanted in the Service, and all of which were put upon the Slocks since the be- 
ginning of April last: 

V. uart, 1(i guns. Captain Edward Palme; St?.r, 16, Captain Simpson; Raven* 
16, Captain Browu ; Oberon, 1C, Captain Bushby ; Kite, 16, Captain James. 



NAVAt HISTORY OF THE PUrsi:> T T TEAK, 1805. 331 

A former Order of Council, which prevented Masters in the Royal Xavy from 
being made Lieutenants, is rescinded ; and this regulation will, in the opinion of 
Officers of hi^h distinction, be of material use in the Service. It is a fact that 
deserves to be noticed, that there is not, at this moment, a single instance of a 
Master who is bringing up his Son with a view to his being a Master. 

There are now about three thousand Artificers in Plymouth Dock-Yard, who 
work with a zeal unprecedented. The Caledonia, the largest Ship ever built in 
this Country, has been in nine months brought as forward as som'e former Ship* 
have in almost as many years ; and the number of Ships repaired, and now undev 
repair, is unprecedented. 

In the Skirmish \v hich took place some time ago between the English and French 
Fleets, at the entrance of Brest Harbour, the latter suffered much more than the 
French Papers were permitted to acknowledge. The Alexander, which was 
nearly cut off, lost 47 Men ; the Impetueux, 35 ; and the Foudroyant, 18 : i;i all 
100 Men. 

Letters from Lisbon state, that the differences between Admirals Gravina and 
Villeneuve have extended throughout the two Fleets. Upon their arrival at 
Cadiz, Admiral Gravina applied for a Court Martial, that he might account for the 
loss of the two Ships that were captured by the English. This was refused ; but 
as ;i proof that h:s Court approved of his conduct, he was appointed Commander 
in Chief of all the Spanish Ships in Cadiz. 



LAUNCH OF THE OCEAN, THAMES, AND MINERVA. 

MR. XDITOF, 

ON Thursday last, 24th Oct., about a quarter past two o'clock, His Majesty's 
Ship Ocean, of 98 guns, was launched at.Woolwich. She began building in Oc- 
tober, 1792. The beams of the upper deck are secured on Mr. Brindley's Plan, 
which precludes the use of knees ; and if found to answer, will prove of the first 
importance to the Country, through the scarcity of knee timber, which is one 
cause of this Ship having been so long in hand. She is built by Sir John Hen- 
slow's Draught, which is quite sufficient to establish her good character. Her 
*ht;eiisions are as follow : 

OCEAN. THAMES. 

Feet. Inches. Feet. Inches. 

Length of gun-deck 196 6| 1S7 1 . 

Keel for Tonnage 1 64 () 107 Oi 

Breadth extreme 51 1 ;34 1 

Depth in hold 21 6 11 9 

Burthen in Tons 2276 661 

The Thames Frigate was launched at Chatham the same day ; dimensions as 
above: she is of fir, and beams secured throughout on Brindley's Plan, built by 
draught of old Thames. The Minerva, same, size, and built with fir, was launched 
yesleiday at Deptfortl. Owing to IUT being light, with a strong current and 
a*terly Wind, she drifted up among the Ships in ordinary, by which she got a 
little rubbed, but of no consequence whatever, nor can the least hjanie attach to 
any one. The Ocean was yesterday docked, to be coppered and fitted i'or Sea. 
ili> Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex christsncd the Ocean, 

October 27, 1805. NEPTUNE. 



S32 JTAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESEXT YEAR, 1805. 

FROM THE SYDNEY GAZETTE. 

The following interesting Article, extracted from the Sydney Gazette, will 
show that the laws of Nations, and the conrtcsies of civilized Slates, are as little 
regarded by the Deputies of Buonapart6 as by their lawless and ferocious 
Master. 

" New South Wales, April 7, 1805. 

* WE are extremely sorry to state, that, by the Eagle, Letters are received 
from Captain Flinders, late Commander of His Majesty's Ship Investigator, dated, 
on board the Cumberland, in Coupang Bay, in the Island of Timor, Nov. 12, 
1803; and from his Prison in the Isle of France, dated August 8, 1804. Captain 
Flinders passed through Torres Straits in three days, and greatly improved the 
observations he made when in the Investigator. He arrived at Coupang the 17th 
of November. 

" After leaving Timor, the Cumberland proved leaky in her upper works, and 
the Pumps became^so much worn by constant use as to be unserviceable. Cap- 
tain Flinders having no reason to suppose Hostilities had recommenced, and con- 
fiding in the efficacy of the Passport he possessed, put into the Isle of France, 
where he arrived the 16th of December, 1803; he waited or the Governor, d 
Caen, and, after being kept two hours in the Street, had an audience but it 
teas to be told he wits an Impostor, and the impossibility of Captain Flinders 
Coming in so small a Vessel, being thought too great a discredit to )iis Passport and 
Commission. Finally, Mr. Atkin, the Master, and himself, were carried ashore 
Prisoners at two o'clock in the morning; all his books and papers were taken 
away, and a Sentinel, with Jixed bayonet, placed IN the room where they were 
lodged. 

" Captain Flinders could obtain no other satisfaction for this treatment, or any 
further information, than that ' he had deviated from the Voyage for which the 
Passport had l>een given, by touching at the Isle of Fiance; and that the un- 
common V(iyage from Port Jackson to that place was more calculated for the 
particular interests of Great Britain than for those of his Voyage of Discovery.' 
In fine, he was considered and treated as a Spy, and given to understand thai iiis 
Letters gave great offence. 

" la this confinement Captain Flinders became ill, the scurvy breaking out in 
his legs and feet \ a Surgeon was sent to attend him; but althonu" .itcd 

the necessity of Captain Flinders takiun nir and exercise, \--t li r - v .is not per- 
mitted to walk or ride in the ir for lour month.--, nor was any Person allowed to 
spyuk will) him without General (U 1. After that period, through 

the intercession ot Captain Berneret, ol the French Nrivy, he was removed to the 
house wherein the English Officers, Pri.-uiiers ot War, were confined. This 
hou^e is situated a little without the Towu, enjoys a free air, and is surrounded 
by a wall enclosing two acres' of ground- Here Captain Flinders uritl Mr. At- 
kinson recovered their health ; and there they renviined to the (kite oi Captain 
Flinders' Letter. Through Captain Bergeret, Captain Flinders lately regained 
possession of the greater part of his books and charts, and was assiduously em- 
ployed in repairing the ravages that were ma>; :hem. Admiral J. 
es well as Captain Bergeret and another Naval Captain, interested therusclvci 
for Captain Flinders beu:.; sent to France ;. bur tins was positively refused, upon 
the principle that he must remain until orders were received from France, r; .-peer- 
ing him. Captain Flinders sm!e<l trom England in His Majesty's Ship Inves- 
tigator, to survey the Coasts ot tins Continent, during the late V.'ar with France : 
iVoin the French Government he was provided with a Passport, requiring -assist- 
ant .1 d protection trom uny Oilicer v.mUr the Fr.-ncii Government, whereat ha 
: e necessitated to touch in the course of Irs \'(JVu'.;c of Discovery. ,<\ft<-r 
completing a prnicii ,ii part of his Mij-Mi/n, the Investigator's tipper works were 
found so njt- ,1 as to render IUT condi'iimation iH'C'-Marv. Captain Flinders wa 
returning with Ins Ship's Company to England, in His Majesty's Armed Ve-sel 
Porpo:;-, w:ih an intcntu>n of further exploring tin- Torres S:rails asd the Reefs 
IVML' oil ih:s Const, when ihat Slnp and the Caio unfortunately struck on a Coral 
Keel and w<-re ji^t. Tiie spo: on which the SSnps weru cast away could scarcely 
the Crews; yet a very successful eilint was made, aud a small Vessel of 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 333 

SO tons began to take the Survivors from so dangerous a situation. In the meau- 
time, Captain Flinders came away in a small open Boat ; and after mtich diffi- 
culty and distress from bad weather, arrived here, having come a distance of 245 
leagues from the Wreck. The Rolla, hound to China, soon after sailed in Com- 
pany with Captain Flinders, in His Majesty's Armed Tender Cumberland, of 25 
tons ; and after seeing the Rolla safely away with the Ship's Company, he was 
to proceed to England in the Cumberland with his charts, &c. The causes of 
his going to the Isle of France are already stated from his own Narrative, which 
can give but a faint idea of his sufferings. 

" Let us row contrast the treatment received by the Officers and Crews of the 
Geographe and Naturaliste fitted out from France on a similar Voyage. They 
sailed the year before Captain Flinders, and touched at tins place before th 
event of Peace between England and France was known. The duty and respect 
due to their Passports from His Majesty's Government, and the claims their dis- 
tressed situation had on the humanity of Englishmen, caused them to be received 
as Friends, and treated as Countrymen, by every description of Persons in tha 
Colony. Wluit their own sense was of the treatment they experienced, let their 
Commander's acknowledgments testify, in which he was joined by every Officer 
under his Command." 



The Commander in Chief of the Expedition for Discoveries, 
to the General Administrators of the Islands of France and 
Reunion. 

" 12th Brumaire ('3d November, 1804,), lltfc Year 
of the French Republic. 

" CITIZENS, 

** I HAD the honour of informing you of my putting into this Colony, by th 
American .Ship Fannv, Captain Smith, bound to Batavia. The details into which 
J entered, in order t-> make known to you the sad situation in which I was then 
placed, would have enabled you to judge to what degree of distress we were 
reduced, and how fortunate we wen* in choosing this Port in preference to 
any other. 

" The assistance which we there procured, and the goodness of Governor King 
to us all, his SC-MIYOUS attention to the re-establishment of the Sick, and his love for 
the proL'r. ss of the Sciences ; every thing, in fine, seemed to unite to make us for- 
get the disagreeable circumstances of a long, painful, and often boisterous Navi- 
gation. Peace, ho-.Y'jver, was not yet known; and we did not learn it until our 
Sick were re-cstahlr^icd, our Ships repaired, our Provisions embarked, and our 
departure very near. 

" Whatever may be the duty of Hospitality, Governor King has shown to all 
Europe a trait of Benevolence which ought to be known, and which I feel a 
pleasure in publishing, 

' On our arrival at Port Jackson the resources in Corn were not very plentiful, 
and those for the future very uncertain. The arrival 01' 170 Men was not, Hot 
the moment, a fortunate circumstance ; notwithstanding we were well received ; 
and when our immediate and future wants were known, they were supplied by 
rctfenchlns; a part of the daily rations of the Inhabitants and Garrison of the 
Colony: the Governor himself set the Jirst exumple. By these means, which do 
gqnal bonour to humanity, and to him who put it in practice, we enjoyerl the lavour 
which, perhaps, we should scarcely have experienced elsewhere. 

" In imitation of these proceedings, which will undoubtedly serve in future as 
an example to all Nations, I consider it iny duty, as well from gratitude as emu- 
lation, to recommend you in a particular manner Mr. , commanding His 

Majesty's Ship . 

" Although he does not propose to go directly to the Isle of France, it is po- 
*il)le that some unforeseen circumstance may occasion his putting in at the Colony 
pver which you preside : witness of the manner in which lus Countrymen have 
treated us on all occasiows. I trust he will be convinced, by his own experience, 
$at the Freuclj aro uiH les* bootable or lew benevolent, and then lus NatioA 



334 NATAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

will have only the advantage over us, of having done, in tirnc of War, what more 
happy times have permitted us ..o return him 111 time of Peace. 

" I aui, with repecr, 

" X. BAUDIN." 

" On loard the Sloop of War le Geographe, Port 
Jacktuii, New Holland" 

These grateful sentiments were repeated to Ills Excellency by Captain Baudin, 
from Kind's Island, and twice previous to his death at the I$lc of France. Sinrr 
that event His Excellency had received (he following grateful acknowledgments 
from Captain Mcluis, Second Captain of the Natural is tc, v, In r liere, and to whom 
the Command of the Geographe devolved on the death of Captain Baudin : 
" GOVERNOR, 

" THE protection which yon granted our Expedition, the attention which you 
caused to be paid to those of its Members who were sick, and particularly the 
civilities which I received at your House, are too powerful motives for me not to 
embrace, with the utmost eagerness, the very iirst opportunity which offers of 
giving yon proofs of my gratitude, by recalling myself to your remembrance, and 
thanking you anew for al! jour goodness. 

" I expect to leave this Port in two or three months, with Captain Bergeret, 
respecting whom I had the honour of conversing with you; he is at present at 
Fondicherry, commanding a private Ship (la Psyche). 

" Be pleased, I beg of you, to present the homage of my respects to Mrs. and 
Miss King ; and believe me, with the highest esteem and consideration, your terj 
humble and obedient Servant, 

' E. MELUIS." 

" Port N. W. hie of France, 30th Fl.oreal, 
llt/i Year oftkt French Republic." 

The following Letters have been lately received from the West Indies, which 
we with pleasure lay before our Readers. 

" SIR, " St. ,/0/jnV Antigua, April 24, 1805. 

" WE have been deputed by His Majesty's Board of Council for this Island, 
to offer to you their congratulation! on your arrival for the purpose of being in- 
vested with the Insignia of the Order of the Bath, conferred upon you by our 
most gracious Sovereign, as a distinguishing proof of his royal approbation of 
your services to your Country ; and we are desired at the same time to express 
to you the high sense which that Board entertains of your spirited conduct in 
keeping the Seas with your very small Squadron, during-the many weeks thr.t 
the Naval Strength of the Enemy was so vastly superior to you; and to assure 
you that we have felt very sincerely for the mortification which a gallant and 
brave mind, like yours, must have experienced at your inability, with any re- 
gard to prudence, to seek and engage the Enemy. 

" The Council, Sir, could not omit, on so favourable an opportunity, to return to 
you their thanks for the part you ccled, in procuring for this Island the Rein- 
forcement that we have had to our Garrison, and lor the. efforts we understand 
you made to procure us further assistance. 

" \\ e beg you to be assured, that in the discharge of this Duty we personally 
feel a very high degree of satisfaction, and that we cordially join our own to the 
united wishes of the ]>o;,rd of Council for a speedy and pleasant Passage to your 
Lady and yourself, whenever you take your final departure from these Seas. 

" THOMAS XORBURY K1RB, 

' To Sir Samuel Hood, A'. E. SAMUEL ATHOL." 

#c. #c." 

" OENTI.FMKX, " Antigua, April ?(>, 1805. 

" THK i.Tatir\iii manner in which the Honourable Council of this Island hare 

nominated you lo make known to me their congratulations on my arrival, and mt 

the distinguished mark of favour of our most gracious Sovereign., claims my warm- 

f U tliankf. It is particularly pleasing to me to have thus noticed the satisfaction 1 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 336 

fcave given in my endeavours during the superior Force of the Ememy by Sea in 
this Country. My first thought, in the protection of the Colonies, was'attentiou to 
this Island ; and I beg you to assure, the Council, that during my Command its 
iecuniy has been a serious object in my vi*vv. 

"The personal testimony of your good wishes towards me, is strongly impressed 
on my mind, ;md I am joined by Lady Hood in thanking you, and in ever/ 
good wish lor \ our happiness. 

" I have th honour (o be, with great esteem, 

" Your faithful humble Servant, 

To the Gentlemen deputed by the "SAMUEL HOOD." 

Honourable Council tf Antigua." 

TO SIR SAMUEL HOOD, E. B., COMMODORE, &C. &C. 
*' SIR, 

" THE Commons House of Assembly of tlie Island of Antigua have deputed ui 
to offer you their congratulation! on your arrival in this Island, for the purpose of 
receiving u most honourable mark of the favour of our gracious SovcrciL"!.. 

" \Ve have it also in charge to express to you, Sir, the high sense which th 
House of Assembly entertain of the gallantry you have displayed during the late 
momentous period, when the unexpected arrival in these Seas of an Enemy'* 
Force of such vast disproportionate strength to that which yu caaiHianded, could 
not but create the most just apprehensions for the safety of your brave Squadron. 
It has been your happy lot, Sir, to increase your own l.:;n?, and the before-dis- 
tinguished liiilrc of the British Navy, by keeping the Se;;s, in tlu- pretence of 
this superior Force ; a conduct which cannot i'ail to meet the approbation r: 
most beloved King, and to excite in the minds of tiic Biitish Nation in general, 
and the Inhabitants of these Islands in particular, the strongest apprubHtion. 

" We beg leave, Sir, to congratulate you on the distinguished honour of the 
Order of the .Bath, with which you are to he. invested, and to hope that it is but 
an earnest of those further honours to which me-it like yours cannot fail ot acquir- 
ing a title, and which the just discrimination of a gracious Sovereign so well know* 
how to bestow. 

" The Committee avail themselves of this opportunity to assure you, Sir, of 
their persona! respect and esteem, and of the sincere pleasure they have found in 
executing the Commands of the House of Assembly on this occasion. 

" KEAN B. OSBORN, HASTINGS FT.WTV, 
" R. L. NANTON, LANGFOKD HODGE." 

" JOHN HALL, 

" GENTLF.VEN, " Antigua, A-pril ?.">, 180.5. 

" I BEG you will assure the Commons Ho-.ise of Assembly of this Island, 
of my acknowledgments for thrir congratulations on my arrival, for ths very 
handsome v.ay they iia\e noticed the mark of favour H:s Majesty has been 
plea- - OH me, the most honourable Order of the Bath, and how grati- 

fying it is to be invested with it in a Community who have so liberally prepared 
ior my reception. It is, a flattering circumstance in my Life to know, that the 
Measures I adopted on the appcarence of ;i s'lj.erior Naval Force of the Enemy 
in these Seas, have given so general a satisfaction : the emulation I am ever 
Ktimulated by is, to promote the interest of our most gracious Sovereign, aad the 
general welfare <<f hi* Lelovcd Subjects. 

" I beg, Gentlemen, you will accept my retrards and thanks for the very 
satisfactory manner in winch you have coniiiuinicated to me the sentiments of 
the House. " I have the hoiiour to be, with r;re::t personal esteem, 

" Your faithful humble 8<>r. 

" To the Gentlemen deputed by the House of " SAMUEL HOOD." 

Atseiiibly ofihe Island tf Antigua." 

TH fPirCH OF LORD -.AVIKGTOX, ON Stll SAMUEL HOOD'S IXVPSTITUKE Ot 
THE ORDER OF THE BATH, .IT ANlJC.c.i, .MVY 1, 1805. 



SIR SAMLT.I, HOOD, 
" AFTER the honour which you have this day received by Command of His 

Iajfsty, r.o fcultitry 4 rom me of those services \vhich have so mentonouily t>L- 



336 NATAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

tained it, can enhance its value, or deserve your acceptance. But I cannot r 
presn the expression of my own gratification, in being delegated by my Sovereign 
to administer a mark of his royal favour to a gallant Officer, the very name of 
whose Family occurs in no page of our Naval History witlioul circumstances of 
celebrity and distinction. There wants no Herald to proclaim iiie well- known, 
well-earned reputation of the two veteran Chiefs ot it, who are now enjoying an 
honourable repose from danger and fatigue, undrr the Shade of those Honour* 
which the Services of their past Live-shave so eminently merited, liut your near- 
est, ami ever to be lamented Relative, has secim rl to himself .1 place iu the Tern- 
pie of Fume, paramount to all the Hunks ..nd lilies wmcli Princes can confer, 
and winch the King of Kings alone tan '.esiow ihe glory of sealing with hi 
Blood, in the anus OT' Victory a L.ic spoilt Jn, and devoted to, the Service of his 
King and Country. May tins period ui renown, il ever it be destined for you, 
although the ultimate ambition of Patriots and of Htroes, be far, far distant, for 
the sake of that Country, for the sake of every object winch is dear to you. May 
your conduct, of which the Harbour of Toulon and the Bay of Aboukir were 
witnesses, be only the presage of your luitire Trophies, an.t still more splendid 
Achievements ! And n.ay you, in the meantime, alter a safe and prosperous 
Voyage, experience that auspicious reception from our gracious Sovereign, which 
the best of Masters will feel to be Hue to a brave and faithful Servant." 

VIRGIN ISLANDS. 

TO SIR SAMUEL HOOD, K. B., jStC. 
" 8IR, 

" THE Inhabitants of the Virgin Islands having heard with regret your intention 
to depart from this Station, ava;l themselves of the earhest opportunity to convey 
to you this testimony of their regard, and of their thanks for the Services you have 
rendered the Colonies within the limits of your Command, by the protection of 
their Trade, and the regular, well-disposed arrangement of Convoys. 

" The Enemy's Ships of War and Privateers have repeatedly learnt, from mor- 
tifying experience, that their most formidable Garnsans and Batteries could 
alibrd them little or no protection from your Boats, though placed almost in con- 
tact with them. The predatory Squadron ot 'Rochefort, possessed of so decided a 
superiority, have been greatly checked iu their designs, not daring to detach itself, 
fearful ot being cut off by your little Squadron. The recollection of the conduct 
ofthv Juno at Toulon, and of the Zealous at Aboukir, would convince this flying 
Enemy, that what Naval Skill could project, or Valour possibly perform, they 
would have to encounter. 

" That His Majesty may place you in some active situation, where our Country 
may be benefited by .your Services, is our most ardent hope : and we beg to 
assure you, that you take with you our siucere&t wishes for your health and pro- 
sperity wheresoever that may be. 

"WM. TURNBULL, President, 
" And Inhabitants of the Virgin Islands." 

TO HIS HONOUR, WILLIAM TVRVBULL, ESQ., THE PRLPIDEXT OF THE council 

OF THE VIRGIN ISLAND*. 

" sin, " London, 3d July, 1805. 

. " SINCE my arrival here, I have been honoured with the pleasing testimony of 
my conduct by the Inhabitants of the Islands under your Government. I feel it 
the more from the very inadequate Protection I was enabled to afford them. The 
smallness of the Force under my Command (occasioned by the threatening aspect 
of an inveterate Foe to the Parent Country), required the greatest Vigilance ; and 
I rejoice that my endeavours have not disappointed me of their good opinion, 
whoso assistance in self-guard better allowed me the means of general Security 
to our Commerce and Annoyance of the Enemy. 

" I request, Sir, you will present the Inhabitants with my sincere thanks, and 
assure theui of my ardent desire that every good fortune may attend them. 
" I have the houour to be 

" Your obedient humble Servant, 

" SAMUEL HOOD/ 



NAVAL HISTORY OK THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 33? 

AMERICAN INTELLIGENCE. 

yt>rflM,(l'iri>iiu), Aitfr. 27. On tlie 9th int., in lat. 3-2 12' N., and long. 
76 '/()' W., the American Ship Monlezunia, Captain Ives, from the ('oast of 
At'rica, and hound to Charlestowu, with a Careo of 348 prime Slaves, was cap- 
tured by the French Schooner Privateer Regulator, Caplain Savourmr, carrying 
one brass 24-pounder, four 6's, and 100 Men, out three days from St. Jatro, and 
which has been cruising oft' Charlestown Bar. They took the Captain and Cre\7 
out of the Ship, to whom the Privateer's People behaved with great cruelty, by 
throwing them into irons, after plundering them of every thing, not excepting 
their clothes. On the 12th fell in with the Schooner Mary, from New York for 
Charlestown, which they plundered of provisions, &c., to the amount of some hun- 
dreds of dollars, and then made sail for some Port in Cuba. On the 19th fell in 
with the Canton, Captain Hartley, from Torlola, bound to Baltimore, on hoard of 
which they put all the Crew of the Ship Montczuma, except the Captain, who was 
determined to stay by his Vessel as long as he could. The Crow of the Priva- 
teer is composed of French and Americans. 

The Adams Frigate sailed on Friday last on a Cruise, as mentioned in the Led- 
ger of that day. Various have been the conjectures as lo the nature of the 
orders which Captain Murray has received from the Navy Department. Some 
have conjectured, that the same orders are given to Captain Murray as were given 
to the Commanders of tiie Ships of War of the United States in the year 1799; 
that is, to take all French armed Vessels. This is a measure of more rashness than 
the present Administration can be justly suspected of. Report says, and we give 
it only as such, that Captain Murray's instructions are to the following effect: 
He is to cruise within three leagues of the Coast, and if he finds any American 
Vessel, that has been employed in lawful Commerce, in the possession of the 
armed Vessel of any Nation, he is to release her. American Vessel* that have 
been engaged in any illicit Commerce, or in the St. Dmmgo Trade, are not to 
meet protection. That beyond three leagues from the Coast, Captain Murray is 
not to act, nor is he permitted to Capture the armed Vessels that have made Pri- 
zes on our Coasts, provided they are regularly commissioned. 

If these be the instructions which Captain Murray has received, it will appear 
to every one conversant in nautical affairs, that the service which he can render 
must be very limited. By good fortune he may prevent the Capture of one or 
two Vessels, and he may release one or two more ; but the circumscribed ruture 
of his orders will not permit him to act with effect, because the moment the 
Cruisers ascertain his limits, they will regulate their conduct accordingly. 

We are not prepared to say that the Administration could give such instruc- 
tions as would more effectually put an end to the system of plunder and insult 
that has degraded us as a Nation, and distressed us as individuals. It would be 
a measure of too much responsibility in the Executive to adopt a policy that might 
directly lead to War without the concurrence of the Legislature. The subject may 
not be deemed of sufliciem importance to convene the Legislature, but it is to be 
feared that, before it assembles according to law, we shall have but little Com- 
merce left to protect. 

The representations of the Ambassador of the United States to the Court of 
Madrid, appear to have induced the Spanish Government to relax considerably 
the strictness of the Orders to their Ships of War respecting American Ships. On 
the 15th of August, the Director of the Navy Board addressed the following 
Circular to the Commandants General of the Maritime Provinces: 

" The Most Excellent Seignior, the Secretary of State, and of the General 
Oflice of Marine, in pursuance of the Royal Orders given the day before yester^ 
day, lias addressed me as follows : 

" The Most Excellent Seignior, the Minister Plenipotentiary of the United 
States, has repealed! v complained of the excesses committed by the Spanish Pri- 
vateers upon the Ve'ssels of his Nation, hiid refers to three of them having been 
conducted into Algesiras. He also complains, that similar excesses have been 
committed in the American Islands, m violation of the Treaty between the two. 
Governments. His Majesty being duly informed of '.he same, has been pleased 

. <2&ron. (HoI.XIV. x x 



338 NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT TEAK, 1805. 

to command that the Famish Privateers in Europe and America should be fil!j 
improved with the consideration whferawith they should conduct themselves, in 
outer to avoid evcrv iri' ^ularity and excess, for which they will be held respon- 
sible in every instance v !,ieh v!,;ill h' h-L'ally proved ; and it has also been deter- 
mined, thai ll.e tasesvl ill' 1 Vessels detained shall he decided upon with all 
l><j.-ili!e e.\pedii,<.ii, din i._;iid being still had to the Stipulations of the said 
Tuaty." 

On the 95th of August the same Minister addressed a second Circular to the 
same Oil-ens, in the lollow.iu; terms : 

" The .Most Excellent Seignior, the Secretary of State and the Marine OfTkr, 
has. in pursuance of the lloval Orders given yesterday, addressed to me the foU 
low.no communication : 

" The Most Excellent Seignior, the Minister of the United Staffs, in complain- 
ing of new extortions upon, and Captures of, American Vessels, by Spanish Pri- 
vateers, res-resents that elc\ en Vessels of his Nation have been carried inio Al- 
^esiras, under pretext, it is said, of their having English Merchandize, on hoard. 
His Majestv being duly informed hereof, has been pleased to command, that if 
tin Capture of the said Vessels should appear to rest oniv on the ground al 
by the said Minister, they shall be instantly released ; inasmuch as, according 
to the 15th Article of the Treaty with the I'nited Stales, the American Flag i 
secured in the free Conveyance of Merchandize of all kinds, notwithstanding it! 
being Enenu's property. But should the grounds of Detention be of a different 
nat\ire, it is His Majesty's desire that the various cases may he decided in the 
regular form, and with all possible dispatch. In thus informing yon of His 
Majesty's orders, I am to direct, that you shall transmit them to the Captains 
General of the Maritime Provinces, in order to tlieir being communicated to the 
Commissioners of Marine in the respective Districts, and to the Owners of Piiva- 
teers, apprising them that they will be held responsible for all the losses tliej- 
may occasion." 

From the New-York Papers to the 4th of September, we have made the 
following extracts : 

New-York, Aug. 28. The American Daily Advertiser of Monday last, an- 
nounces the arrival in Philadelphia of General Moreau, his Lady, and two Chil- 
dren, in good health. They lauded at ten o'clock <-, Sniiddv morning, and were 
received by the Citizens with the most respectful alie: 

General Morcau's residence will be at the beautiful S.oi, Kttc Robert Morris's, 
at Morrisville, opposite Trenton on the Delaware. 

.'('2. 31. A Letter from our Correspondent, dated on Thursday last, 
thai General Mor.'au i;ml Family left Town that morning for Morrisville. Pre- 
vious to his departure he wns waited on m the mo*t respectul manner by the 
principal Inhabitants of the Cay, and has accepted an invitation for a public Din- 
ner, to be given in October ne\i. 

September?. Yesterday the L'rig P.ellcMe, Captain Leach, arrived here in 66 
days from Naples; about eigiit da\ s before he sailed, news arrived there, that 
General Eaton, at the head ot the small American Force which Imd been detach- 
ed from our Mediterranean Squadron, and the Troops collected by the rival 
Brother of the Bashaw o! Tripoli, had had an Engagement with the Tripolines at 
Dime. On which side Victory declared we do not karn, but it was said that 
General Eaton's Army smlered iiic>it severely, and ilmt every American was killed, 
except Mr. Eaton, who was wounded in the shoulder. 

The effects ol the Battle, however, was an immediate Negotiation for Peace, to 
ass;st at which Colonel Lear went from Malta to Tripoli ; and two days after 
Captain L. sailed, Dispatches were received from Colonel Lear at Naples, bring- 
in,' the important and glorious intelligence, that a Peace, highly honourable to 
the LnheU States, had been concluded, and of course the American*, who had 
been so long siiuenng in Captivity, released. Captain L., \ve understand, 
br ngs D.y:-.teh' s lor our Government, so that we may expect shortly to have 
the otlic.al Details of the Battle, the Negotiation, aud the Terms of Peace. 



NATAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT TEAR, 1805. 339 

FROM THE FRENCH PAPERS. 

MINISTRY OF MARINE. 

Boulogne, Oct. 1, IROj. 

" I HAVE the honour to inform your Excellency, that the day hefore yestf Hay 
the Liue of His .Majesty's Flotilla, consisting of 27 Gun-boats alone, under Cap- 
tain Dordelin, had the whole day 23 Vessels in front of them, two of which 
were of the Line, four Frigates, and the rest Cutters. Yesterday the Enimy 
had not diminished in number ; but accustomed to see them in such Force, I clui 
not think, it necessary to reinforce our Line, convinced that it was sufficient to 
repel all Attacks. 

" At midnight, the weather being very thick, and the Sea calm, I hear:] H 
warm firing and some, discharges of cannon in the Line. I made, immediate 
dispositions for several Divi-ions of the Flotilla to go out: bat the firing having 
ceased, I suspended that movement. Proceeding along the Line, Captain .Uor- 
tielin informed :ne tlir.t the Gun-boat Xo. 6-2, head of the Line to the East, com- 
manded by E isign Alex, had been surrounded by a chain of Fir^-ships conducted 
bv several j'.nnaccs. 

" Tliat O.'icc:, without slipping or cutting his cable, which would successively 
have expos,-;! the whole Line to danger from the Fire.-sh.ps, kept his Post firmly ; 
and directing all his efforts to the chain which connected tiie Fire-ships, he at- 
il to break it, and succeeded. 

" The chain being broken, the Fire-ships defiled along the Line, yet the Gun- 
boat, No. 30<>, Captain Xivelain, was grappled by six of ihc'n. That Ouiccr per- 
formed the same manoeuvre as Captain Alex, and his Second in Command and 
two othetsjoniped into the J5oat and disengaged the \ e>s;-l. 

" But one of the Fire-ships having exploded near tlic Gun-boat, she was 
thrown up covered with water, and had no other damage than her windows bro- 
ken and some- shot on hoar;!. 

" _Sa. '291 also experienced the effects of the blowing up. 

" The Gun-boats Xo. 280, 3O5, 138, 34, and 61, were more particularly at- 
tacked, but did not quit their Post. 

" Some of the ropes men-lv were cut by the balls ; and the Enemy's Pinnaces, 
repulsed by a warm firms:, oon took to flight, and \sere indebted for their 
safety to the darkness of the night. At two o'cio.-k ail was quiet along the Line, 
and we had not a Man killed. At day-hr^ak, Captain Alex having perceived 
some articles floating, sent his F>oat with six .Men for them: they brought back 
a spherical machine, copper sheathed, and which was found to he one of the 
infernal machines, called by the Monhetir, Globes of L'twprcxfimi. As it was 
being conveved on Shore it blew up, and the Midshipman -\leisu ncr and three 
jVIc'ii perished. 

" At low water wo found on the Coast several Wrecks of the Fire-ships: and 
particularly a lock like that of the Fire-machines which tlic English used last year 
with as much ridicule and a? ht'.le succe.-s-. 

(The Letter concludes bv praising the conduct of the Soldiers and Sailors of 
the Flotilla.) 

" The Rear-Ad:niial, Commander in Chief of the Imperial Flotilla, 

" LACROSSE." 

Tetrad of a Letter from mi Officer belonging to tJie Fiperiment, Botany Bay Skip 

(last from China), dated Falmouth, &tk October, l?05. 

THE Ship Experiment, under the command of Captain Withers, from China, 
with a Cargo of Teas, on the East India Company's account, \vr.s captu-ed on the 
Srth of .May last, in hit. 37? S., long. W 30i E., after a chase oflltrr^ hour 
the Napoleon French Privateer, commanded by Captain 31a!s lo Nourvilfe, 
belonging to St. Malocs, out four months, last from False 13:iy, Capo ot (i o.l 
Hope, mounting sixteen 3'2-pouuden, four 18-pounders on tin mni-dteA, two 
36-pounders, six 6-pounders on the upper deck, and carry int; '.wo hundred Alen. 
Wlien she came up, we engaged within half-pistol shot for halt an hour; when 
our h.ace-; and tiller being shot away, our rigmg shattered, some thirty-two shot 
between Wind and \V:nt.-r, two feet'water in ner hold, which made the Snip quite 
unmanageable, obliged Captain Withers, with reluctance, to order the Colours to 
be struck ; tliree of our Men were badly wounded. This was the only Prize the 



310 NAVAL HISTOHV OF THE PRESENT YEAH, 1805. 

Napoleon had taken. Ca])laiii Withers, the Surgeon, and fourth Officer, were sent 
to the Isle of France, in the Experiment. Myself, the chief and third Officers, 
with tlie Purser, were taken on board the Privateer, and sent to the Cape of Good 
Hope, where we found many friends, who procured a Cartel for St. Helena, 
twenty days ai'ler our arrival at the Cape,; from thence I got a passage in the 
African Whaler, which lias escaped being captured by the Rochefort Squadron, 
which I attribute, to the gallantry of Captain Woodriif, of His Majesty's Ship 
Calcutta, who engaged the Enemy, though superior, till we had time to make our 
escape. 

The following is an extract of a letter from Captain Henry Weir, of His Majes- 
l\'s Ship 1'emtor Gun-brig, serving in Admiral Russel's Squadron, and dated 
North Sea, Oct. 8, 105: 

" Last Sunday night was an evening of horror, glory, joy, and sorrow to me. 
Just at dark two large French Cutter Brigs ran alongside, one on each beam, and 
with many opprobrious terms ordered me on bo;ird. I had but nine guns to their 
36, and was not prepared for such a Rencounter. My courage and presence of 
mind stuck to me, but with them it was only a word and a blow ; I prepared to 
surrender, and in reply ordered the Commodore to come on board me; his 
rejoinder was a broadside, which very nearly deprived one half of us of existence : 
our jib-boom just cleared Ins tafferel wlun I gave him our larboard guns. They 
l)oth wore and kept up a well-directed fire until about eight o'clock, by which 
time our quarters were well cleared, and we got the grape ready, determined to 
.sell our lives as dear as possible, as we had not the least chance of escaping. At 
this moment, I was under the necessity of sinking all my papers, signals, instruc- 
tions &.C., to cut a\i:iy one anchor, heave one useless gun overboard, and clear the 
decks of every iacumbranee. Our main-boom was shot away, all our running 
rigging, some of the. handing, mot of the sails shattered ; one shot in thf maga- 
zine, one in my bed plaee broke in four pieces ; both Brigs within pistol shot, and 
coming still nearer, and no help nigh: in this situation, when I had bid adieu to 
all worldly cares, and sullenly resolved to sink, the Enemy to my great astonish- 
ment hauled his Wind, nnd stood from us ; this was a glorious chance ; a dram 
was administered to our brave Fellows, and we then only wished to be able to 
catch them; but it would have been madness; we had enough to do to get our- 
selves into sailing condition. I saw no more of them: next morning I stood for 
Yaruiouth in hopes of meeting a Comrade I borrowed two tons of waler from the 
Roebuck, and sailed the next hour in quest of them ; one shot gave me a terrible 
headach ; but, thank God ! except a coupleof scratches, I escaped ; such an escape, 
perhaps, never occurred; every soul on board had compounded for a French 
Prison, when I gave the orders " to wear." The Frenchman himself had no 
idea of my resisting, or he would have boarded us when we wore : I suppose he 
had ;;t least ;->00 Men to our 40. Rule Britannia ! I hope to meet them daily, not 
nightly." God bless you ! 

The following Official Notice, announcing the taking oil" the Blockade of the 
Elbe and the Wescr, was transmitted by Lord Mulgravc to all the Consuls of the 
.Northern Nations resident in London. It was also stuck up at Lloyd's, for the 
general information of the Merchants. 

OFFICIAL NOTICE. 

(CO)'Y.) 

" THE undersigned, His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Af- 
fairs, has received His .Majesty's Commands to acquaint M. de Rehausen, that 
information bavin.' been received of the removal of the Freii'-h Troops from the 
petitions which the\ occupied on the Banks of the Elbe and Weser, His Ma- 
jesty has been pleased to direct that the Blockade of the Entrance ot those. Rivers 
should be discontinued, and that His Majesty's Ships of War, which were sta- 
tioned at the Mouth of them for the purpose of blockading, should be with- 
drawn. 

" The undersigned requests, &c. &c. &:c. 

" MULGRAVE." 
' l)<>untn-itrcct, Vth October, 1805." 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 341 

CAPTAIN MUDGE. 

The following Speech was made by Captain Sutton, President of the Court 
Martial appointed tor trying Captain Mudge, of His Majesly's late Ship Blanche,, 
on presenting -his Sword, alter being most honourably acquitted : 

" I feel the greatest satisfaction and pleasure in the discharge of this part of 
my Duty, having to convey to you the just sentiments which tin: Members of 
this Court entertain of your very able and gallant conduct in the Defence made 
by you of His Majesty's late Ship Blanche, against a very superior Force of the 
Enemy's Ships : and likewise of the spirited support afforded you by the Officers 
of every description, as we'l as the Seamen and Royal Marinas under your 
Command, in the discharge of their Duty ; and which reflects upon you and them, 
on that occasion, the highest degree of merit and approbation. 

" JOHN SUTTON, 
" On board His Majesty't Ship President of the Court Martial." 

Salvador del Mundo, 
Plymouth, October 14, 1805." 

N. B. It was proved on the Court Martial, by the oath of Mr. Hughes, the 
First Lieutenant, that le Topasc and la Torche came into Action together, and 
le Department des Landes eight minutes after. So much for Captain Baudia'* 
veracity. 

AMELIORATION" OF THE SITUATION OF THE WORKMEN EMPLOYED IN HIS 
MAJliST Y'S DOCK-YARDS. 

FROM time immemorial it has been the practice to calculate the earnings of 
the Artificers and other Workmen in His Majesty's Dock-yards at the expi- 
ration of each quarter, and by the time the books were cast and properly ad- 
justed, it was always near the end of the succeeding quarter before the pay- 
ments could be made, so that the earnings of the Men were always at least three 
months, and in part from four to six months, in arrears. The consequence was, 
the Men were beholden entirely, for the subsistence of themselves and families, 
to a set of People called Dealers, but who, in fact, were Shop or Tavern-keepers, 
who supplied them with what they wanted, not in cash, but in different articles 
of provisions, liquors, or goods, at a deduction of from 10 to 15 per cent, from 
the amount of their earnings, which the note they got from the Clerk of Qheck'g 
Office stated to be due to the Parties. Thus the Workman was subjected to a 
deduction in the rate of his earnings of at least two Shillings in the Pound, and 
which they were endeavouring to raise to three, while he was frequently com- 
pelled to take all he wanted from one Shop or Tavern-keeper, whether he 
dealt in that article or not , or procured it from another for the Workman's use. 

This glaring evil, we are rejoiced to say, is happily now ut an end. 

On the first Saturday of October, a new mode of payment was adopted 
throughout all His Majesty's Dock-yards, by which each Artificer and Work- 
man was paid in money from 3-4ths to ?-8ths of the amount of his week's earn- 
ings, under the denomination of Subsistence, while the remainder only goes to 
account, to be calculated at the expiration of the quarter, under the denomina- 
tion of Arrears. 

It is lamentable, but not surprising, to observe the means which were re- 
ported to by these Dealers to render this very salutary measure objectionable 
to the Parties : thev threatened to cut off all temporary supplies in the interim, 
and had recourse to every means in their power to thwart the measure in its 
outset ; but their efforts have been in vain, and this excellent regulation has not 
only met with no obstruction, but promises to be the means of recalling numbers 
of those valuable Workmen, who have quilted the Kail's Service for that or' 
the Merchant Builders, from whom they received their wanes in a manner cer- 
tainly more suitable to the exigencies and wants of their Families. 

Veal, Oct. 1(5. On Monday morning, Mr. Francis, who last year contrived the 
Expedition, and constructed 'the Machines which Sir Hume Popham ran among 



342 NATAL HISTORY OF THE PRTSTXT TF.AK, 1S03. 

the Enemy's Flotilla at Boulogne, arrived hero 1'rom Dover ; and a rumour was 
soon spread that lie was going to m-fty *n experiment, to blow up a Brig of 300 
tons with one of ins new-invur-lp.d Catamaran?. (' aim-, and 

ai --jut four I'.AL <:iv;;( crowds ot People assembled on the Bi',i<:!t, from Deal to 
.or Castle, opposite which the Brig lay. I ?3w sov< r.-l People wor!;.Hg about 
br, and 11:1 at ot Boats, but nil dark the Brig remained unhurt ; and 

the IVoplf much disappointed, thinking the experiment had titled, very liberally 
cursed Mr. Fiancis and his Catamarans. On Tuesday, however, about three P.M. 
he again appeared on the Beach, where I and only a few, whose curiosity had 
not abated, were assembled; we followed him to the water's edge, opposite 
Walmer Castle, where he was met by a Lady, whom I was told was L'tdy 
>'. Stanhope, and Niece, to Mr. Pitt. After walking some time he lied a pocket- 
handkerchief to the end of his cane, and made, a signal to tne Brig, which lay about 
half a mile from the Shore, and instantly along ton-oared Galley darted by the 
bow of the Brig, and threw something into the water, which I presume was the 
Catamaran. Mr. Francis then drew out his watch, and turning to the Lady, I 
heard him say, " \r> minutes is her time." I was now all anxiety for the result, 
mid held my watch, counting the minutes. In sixteen minutes tin; explosion look 
place, not much louder than that of a tour-pounder ; an immense column of water 
and smoke was thrown up, which almost obscured the Vessel : she appeared to be 
Jilted out of the water, and heeling to larboard, she separated in the mi.hiie, and 
the two ends immediately went to the bottom ; in one minute nothing was to be 
icen of her but morsels of floating wreck : the sight was the most awful and grand 
i ever witnessed. She was riding at anchor, sails bei ; , new painted, and 
seemingly prepared for a Voyage ; and, as if by a crash of .Nature, in one n mote 
hc disappeared and went to the bottom. The Wreck was quickly sur winded 
fcy the Boats of the curious, and I, among otheis, went to view her remains. 
Her forecastle and mam-deck were floating, she was broke completely in two, the 
planks of her deck and sides were split in thousands of pieces, the foremast was 
broke in two, the mam-mast and pump were blown mil of her, and the main-top- 
aii-yard was blown up to the sross-trees ; her knees were torn from her sides, 
and the beams of the deck broke in several places: in fact, it is impossible to 
describe a more complete decomposition of a Vessel, or a more, dreadful crash of 
materials. It was perhaps one of the most curious Experiments which has been 
made in modern tunes, for who would not have concluded that the powder would 
speud its force on the water, which is moveable, and not pass through the strong 
framed bottom of a Vessel ? Why was the report arising from the explosion so 
inconsiderable, when the effect was so great ? 

Dever, Oct. 2. Yesterday forenoon, a young Man, who appeared about thirty 
years of age, and ol rather genteel appearance, hired a Boat to go out a pleasuring, 
s he termed it, for which lie agreed to pay the two Men a guinea. They accord- 
ingly stretched across the Channel forabout eight or ten miles, in full view of tlia 
French Coast ; but when they .were about to put about and return, he earnestly 
entreated them to land him on the French Coast, as near to Calais as they could ; 
lie said he hud particular business there, and wanted to see a Friend. The Men, 
however, very prudently refused ; and on their return brought him before the 
Magistrates of this Town, whom he told, that he was a Native of Ireland, but by 
no means a Subject of Great Britain, and had a right to go where he pleased ; 
and, as he could get nothing to do in this Country, he thought he might as well go 
to Calais, where he had a Friend who would do any thing for him. L pon searching 
liim, nothing was found but a tew letters of no consequence, and only one seven- 
shilling piece in money. At limes he talked rather incoherently, bat still some 
method was discoverable in his madness; it appeared, however, tnat he had been 
:ili along the Coast of Russia, and seemed to be perfectly well acquainted with it; 
he sometimes sp.ike in a sort of broken English, more inclined to <i foreign accent 
than an Irish brogue. While at Sea, he appeared perfectly rational, and requested 
the Boatmen by nil means to avoid every .Man of War; but when they insisted 
on putting about, lie became Sea-sick, and then talked incoherently. Alter a long 
examination before the Magistrates la^t night and this morning, ae has been seat 
11 to London. 



NATAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YKAR, 1805. 343 

Five o'Clock, P.M. 

ATTEMPT TO BURN THE BOULOGNE rr.OTH.LA. 

HIS Majesty's Ship the Antelope, Commodore Sir W. Sidney Smith, has jiit 
conic inro these lloads, from off the French Coast, after beating up Channel forth* 
whole of the day. About ten o'clock. A.M., the Furious Gun-brig was also in 
; but upon a Signal from the Commodore's Ship, she stretched oft' for 
Boulogne; a Boat from the Antelope, with two Midshipmen, came on Shore for a 
moment for some necessaries, and immediately put off again; the gallant Sir Sid- 
ney is expected to land a! the Caves in the course of the evening. We have had 
various surmises and conjectures respecting his late visit to the French Coast. 
A long ten-oared Galley cuiue hi last night from that quarter, from which I Icaru 
that an attempt had been made, headed by that intrepid Ofiicer in person, to tire 
all tiie Ships in the outward Harbour of Boulogne. 

Monday night being very dark, two long Galleys, with some other Boats, 
toutlj manned bv a number of Volunteers from the Utrecht, Admiral's Ship, the 
Antelope, and some other Ships, entered the Harbour unperceived, and had set 
two of those F;re Machines, called Cai-casses, adrift, which ran along with the Tide 
among the Shipping ; these were lilled with a quantity of combustible matter, and 
were to explode at a given time (fifteen minutes): in this they succeeded ; but, 
from the powder being too weak, or some unknown cause, they had not the 
desired effect, although ;i very considerable conflagration ensued. The Men iu 
the Boats v, ere unfortunately discovered, at the same moment, by the Soldiers at 
thi- Ijatteries, who directly commenced a heavy lire of musketry upon them ; the 
iliot Slew about them l.l.e hail, and a great quantity went through the Boats; one 
M.m h:td not less than t'l.-ee shots through the crown of his hut: some account* 
state, that two Men were killed ; but from every thing I have been able to learn, 
oul v one Man was bud 1 v wounded, and the rest escaped unhurt. From this attempt 
great expectation-, are entertained, that the destruction of the Enemy's Flotilla i 
inevitable, under the indefatigable and spirited talents oi'such aii Officer as Sir 
Sidney Smith. The late a;r':ur may be considered as a mere experiment. 

ANOTHER LETTER, SAME DATE. 

I HAVE just learnt, that on Saturday night last, Captain Secombe, under the 
orders of Sir W. Sidney Smith, went in an open Boat, and landed in Boulogne 
Harbour, and fired six Carcasses, the explosion of which had the desired effect, 
bv destroying some of tin; Flotilla, and greatly injuring the Town : am happy tw 
here was only one Man wounded. Arrived the liold Gun-brig, fromaCruis* 
off Calais. 

Oct. 8. Sailed this morning for Harwich, that beautiful new Packet the 
Beaufoy, Captain Xorris. She is a vety fine Vessel of her Class, with most 
''em aecoiiiiaud.iiious ; makes up sixteen beds, and sails very well. Lieute- 
nant Robinson has been trying a new .sort of Catamaran, built something like a 
Canoe, but clinch work ; she lias a contrivance to let the Water iu, and sinks the 
body of the Boat under the Water, so that nothing but the heads and shoulders of 
the Rowers can be seen, and the Water can he pumped out again, and the body -of 
the Boat will emerge to the surface of the Water, at the will of the Director. 
Yesterday Mr. Pitt, Lord Warden, held a Pilot's Court; when James Shuttle and 
Mr. Slater were made Trinity Pilots for this Porr, and John Blake and Mr. Kil- 
kard v for the Port of Deal. "The measuring for our Harbour still goes on, but tlur 
Plan of it is not iiually fixed on. 

FRENCH NATIONAL SHIPS 

LOST, TAKEN, OR DtSTIlOYED, SIN'CE THE COMM F.NCO1 KN'T OF THE 
WAR, MJV 17, 1803. 

Those to which an Asterisk * is affixed, are now in the Britis?'. Service. 

* L'Atfronteur Lu^ier, of 14 riii* ; tal en by the Doris, of 36 guns, Captaia 
H. II. Tearfun, cruising ofr'Ushant, May. 

* LH ; ...:erccd (or 41 gun's, (now Franchise); taken by the Mi- 
notaur, of 7-1 I'uiu, Caplaia C. J. M. Ma'islifH, in company with the Thunderer, 

, Captain W. Bedford, and Aibion, of 74 guns, Caplam J. Ferrier ; 
.May 28. 



J44 -N.VYAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 

* L' Ambuscade, (formerly British,) of 32 puns; retaken by the Victory, of 
100 guns, Captain S. SuUon ; on Passage to Gibraltar, May 28. 

L'lmpaticnlc CorvUe, of -0 <;iuis : taken l,y the Naiad, of 38 grins, Captain 
James Wallis, in lat. 4."> deg. 5)0 nun. S'., Ion.:. 4 <"leg. 40 mi;-., May 29. 

L'ltiabordable Schoon.-r, of 4 L'uns, and !e CoMmode Brig, of 4 guns ; driven 
n Shore by the Imtnoi -inLie, of 36 guns, Captain E.\V. C. R. Owen, in company 
with the Jalouse and Crniser Sloops, and taken possession of by the Boats, tinder 
a heavy Fire from the Batteries, itC. on the east side of Capc^Blanc IS'ez, 
June 14. 

L'Arab Brig, of 8 guns; taken by the Maidstone, of 32 guns, Captain R. H. 
Mowbray, near the Western Islands, June 14. 

La Bet;=v Bris:, pierced for 6 guns, mounting 4 ; taken and destroyed by tbe 
Russel, of 74 grans, Captain R. Williams, oiKTJshant, June 3. 

* La Colombe Corvette, pierced for 16 guns ; taken by the Dragon, of 74 
guns, Captain J. Ay finer, in company with the Endymion, of 44 guns, Hon. Cap- 
fain C. Pagrt, off Ushant, June 18 

Le Yenteux Brig, of 10 guns ; hoarded and taken by two Boats of la Loire, of 
4i ii'ins, Captain L. F. Maitland, conducted by Lieutenant F. Temple close 
umler the Batteries of tin: I--lc dc Bus in the night oi'Juue 27. 

* La Bacchante, pierced for 22 Runs, mourning 18; taken by the Endymion, 
of 44 guns, Hon. C. Paget, in lat. '27 deg. 12 min. A'., long. 20 deg. W r ., June '.'5. 

La Legere Schooner, armed with 14 swivels, ccc. 2 guns; taken by the Alarm 
Private Shi]), Captain de Putron, Channel, Juuv 28. 

La Migonne Corvette, of !<"> aims, pierced for 18 ; taken by the Goliath, of 74, 
gims, Captain C. Brisbane, detached from the Squadron under Commodore 
Kayntmn, wear the west end of St. Domingo, June 28. 

Le Dart Brig, of 4 guns ; taken by the Apollo, of 36 guns, Captain J. W. T. 
Dixon, Bay of Biscay, June 9. 

La Providence Schooner, 2<)0 tons burl hen, of 2 guns, laden with heavy cannon 
and timber; taken by ibe Boats of the Naiad, of 38 guns, Captain James Wallis. 
at the entrance of Brest Harbour, July 4. 

La CreoJe, of 44 guns, wih /i.50 Soldiers; taken by Commodore Bayntum's 
Squadron, near St. Domingo, July 1. 

* La Sup;rieure Schooner, of 12 guns; taken by the Vanguard, of 74 guns, 
Captain Jame; W.ilker; Jamaica Station, July '2. 

L'Aiguilie Brig, of 8 guns ; taken by the Belleroplion, of 74 guns, Captain J. 
Loring, Jamaica Station, July. 

* IJl Vigilante Brig, of 16 guns j thkcn by the Hcrcule, of 74 guns, J;.inaie.i 
Station, July 7, (now Sulh'sante.) 

* L'Aicion Brig, of 16 guns ; taken by the Narcissus, of 06 guns, Captain R- 
Donc-lly, near Sardinia, Julv ?>. 

Le J.odi Brig, of 20 guns ; taken, at anchor, in Lcoganc Roads, St. Domingo, 
by the Racoon Brig, of 18 guns, Captain A. Bi?sell, after a severe Engagement 
of forty minutes, Julv 11. 

* Le Poisson Volant Schooner, of 12 guns (now Flying Fish) ; taken by the 
Squadron of?' St. Domingo, .Inly. 

L'Adour Store-ship, pierced for 20 guns ; taken by the Endymion, of 44 guus, 
Hon. Captain C. Paget, on her Passage towards Rochefort, Ju'y 16. 

* I/Enfant Prodigue Corvette, (now St. Lucia.) of 16 guns ; taken by th 
Emerald, of 36 guns, Captain James O'Bryen, bet-.\ecu S*. Luaa and Martinique, 
July 21. 

Le Duquesne, of 74 guns, and TOiscau, of 36 guns ; taken by the Vanguard, 
of 74 guus. Captain J. Walker; Bellerophun, of 74 guns, Ca"ptain J. Loring ; 
.-Hid Tartar, of 32 guns, Captain J. Perkins, on the north side of St. Domingo, 
July '^5. 

-rvicr Brig, of 16 guns ; taken by 1'Egyptienne, of 50 gnns, Hon. Capt. 
('. L . VU nnng, oil the Pass.ige between Guadaloupe and I'Orient, July 1'7 

, Amis Schooi'.'T, of 3 gnus ; a;sd It s Tvois t>ere< Schooiur, of 3 euns ; 
i'v t'ie lUeoon, of 18 guns", Captain A. Bissell ; on the Coast of Cuba, in 

r, :i;:uie uuknpwn, of 2 guus ; run on Shore and destroyed by ditto o 



NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 345 

La Mutine Brig, of 18 guns; run on Shore and destroyed, after a short but 
spirileii Action, by thi; Racoon, of 18 guns, Captain A. Bissell, on the Coast of 
Cuba, Aii'/tiit 17th. The ll;tcoon had two Lieutenants and forty-two Men absent 
at tlu- time n\ P : 

* Lc Papillon ( \,\ -ve'.te, of 6 guns pierced for 12; taken by the Vanguard, of 
71 nuns Ciipt.!!;; J;;iiies Walker, at St. Marc's, St. Donungo, September 4. 

Le Courier cie Nantes Schooner, of 2 guns ; taken by the Vanguard, of 74 
guns, Captain Jaia.'s Walker, off St. Domingo, September 5. 

* La Sa^esse, of '18 guns, taken by the Theseus, of 74 guns, Captain John 
Blih, at Port Daupliin, St. Domingo, September 8. 

* Lc Goelnn Brig, of 18 guns, and a Cutter*, (now the Sandwich,) of 12 
guns ; taken on th.- Kvacirit'on of Aux Cayes, St. Domingo, by la Pique, of 36 

. Captain W. Cuinberhind, an.l Pelican Brig, of 18 guns, Captain H. Whitby, 
October. 

La Petite Fille Gun-brig, la Jeune Adelle Schooner, of 6 guns, and PAmitie" 
Cutter, of 4 guns and 6 snivels ; taken by the Racoon Brig, of 18 guns, Captain 
A. Bissell, October 14. These Vessels came out of Cumberland Harbour, on the 
Coast of Cuba, bavins 3.>0 Troops including eighty Officers of all ranks, deter- 
mined to carry the Racoon by boar<iin;_". But, .iftoi an Action of nearly- five 
hoit's, tt!(.-_i were obliged to strike. The Prisoners of !a Petite Fille afterwards 
ro<e on the Pn/'.'-m.i-sier, pnd run her on Shore on the Rocks. The Enemy had 4 
killed and wounded ; tr>e Racoon none. 

* Le Ucnard Schooner, oi 12 guns ; taken by Lord Nelson's Squadron in the 
Mediterranean, November 16. 

Le Vauioiu Lit:-- < r, of 12 aims pierced for 16 ; taken by the Boadicea, of 38 
gun-, Captain John Maitlnnd, oft' Cape Finisterre, November 24. 

I.. i Bayonnaue, 0f 3% gtms; chased into the Bay of Cape Finisterre by the 
Ardent, of 64 guns. C;., -ta.n It. Winthrop, and blown up by her own Crew, at 
midnight, to prevent being taken, November 27. 

* Suiveilkmte, of 40 guns : Clorinde *, of 40 guns; Vertu*, of 40 guns; 
Cerf Brig, of 12 guns : de Convene Schooner, of 6 guns ; Novelle Soplnc, and 
Ju<tini, Hired Ship's : nil-rendered, together with a nunilirr of Transports, &c. 
at Cape Francois, St. Domiuso, November 30, (including above 5000 Pri- 
soners the remains of the French Army commanded bv General Rochaiubeau,) 
to the Bcllerophon, of 74 guns, and the rest of the Squadron under Commodore 
J. Luring. 

1804. 

Fa^c par Tout, Chasse Maree, of 2 guns ; taken on the Malabar Coast by 
the Boat < of the St. Fiortn/o, of 40 guns, Captain J. Bingli>:in, January 1 1. 

* Le Curieux, of 16 C'ins ; boarded and cut out from under Fort E.lward, 
Martinique, bv four iiuat.s of the Ceitt;*ir, of 74 guns, Commodore Sir Samuel 
Hoed ; conducted by Lu utenant R. C. Reynolds, February 4. 

Coquette Scboorer, of V guns, with 9:> Men; captured by the Stork Sloop, Cap- 
tain G. L. Geyt ; Jama.ca Station, February 21. 

Coluuibe Cutti r, of 4 gnns ; cut out tVom the Harbour of Sluys by two Boats 
lit' the Crui.sei aad Riittkr Slcops, directed by Lieutenant Francis Cameron, but 
si ruck, mi 1 was bum' o r i tiie JB;ir in the night of March 8. 

Le Terreur Cuttt r, oi' 10 guns ; i.iken by la Piqus, of 40 guns, Captain C. B. 
II. Ross; Jamai'-a Sta'ion. March 18. 

La Cha; anti Corvette, of 20 guns, and la Joie Brig, of. 14 guns ; driven aground 
and burnt at the entrance of Bourdeaux River, by 1'Aigle, of 36 guns, Captain 
George Wolfe, July 16. 

La Laurette Schooner, of 5 guns, pierce'l for 16; taken by the Pelican Brig, 
of 1U guns, Captain John Marshall ; Jamaica Station, August 23. 

Li' Hazard Corvette, i.f 16 guns ; taken by the Eciio Sloop, of 16 guns, Captain 
dmund Bo'jer, ofTCuraeoa, October 1. 

G rack use, of 1-1 guns ; tak.-n by the Blanche, of 36 guns, Captain Zacbariah 
Ige, uif Curacoa, October 21. 

1805. 

La Psyche, of 36 guns : taken February 14, by the St. Fiorenzo, of 36 guns 
Captain II. Lamher:, !-.- Indies ; lat. 19 deg. N., long, tia deg. ., after u very 
ppirited resistance of three hours and a halt. 



etjron. CfiohXl^. y Y 



SIS NAVAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1803. 

* Ville de Milan, of 48 guns ; taken by the Leander, of 50 guns, Captain Jolm 
Talbot ; on the Halhfax Station, Feb. '23. '1 he Ville de Milan had previous!? 
taken the Cleopatra, of 32 "inis, after ;i long anJ most determiued resistance ; 
\vhich latter was also retaken by the Leander. 

{schooner, (name unknown,) of 7 guns ; sunk by the Gracieuse, of 14 gunt, 
Captain T. L. Smith ; Jamaica Station, Apnl 9. 

L'Amitie Schooner, of 14 guns; taken June 10, by the Blanche, of 36 guns. 
Captain Zachanah Mndge ; Jamaica Station. 

Le Faune Corvette, ot 16 guns ; taken August 15, by the Goliath, of 74 guns. 
Captain It. Barton, and Camilla, of 74 guns, Capiain 15. \V. Taylor ; Channel. 

DUTCH NATIONAL SHU'S LOST, TAKEN, OR DESTROYED. 

1803. 

I)e ITaasje Brig, of 6 guns, pierced tor 18 ; taken by the Caroline, of 36 guns, 
Captain B. W. Page, neai t-ie. Cape ot Good Hope, August i?. 

* Hippomcncs Corvette, of 10 gun ; taken at the. S.irrend.r of Demerara and 
Essequibo to tlie Naval and Military Forces under the Command of S:r Samuel 
Hood and General Greenfield, September 19. 

Serpent Schooner ; taken at the Sumndfr of Berbice to Captain L. O. Bland, 
of the Heurtux, of 74 guns, September 26. 

1S04. 

Draak Schooner, of 5 guns ; taken by the Lilly Sloop, of 18 guns, Captain W. 
Lyall, near Bermuda, March 1. 

Antelope, ot .5 guns; taken the 23d of March, at night, by the Pinnace and 
Cutter of the Stork, of 18 guns, Captain G. le Geyt ; West Indies. 'Ihe Cap. are 
was effected by eighteen Seamen, commanded by Lieutenant Robertson, who all 
conducted themselves with the utmost Bravery. 

Atalante Brig, of 16 guns ; taken at anchor in the Vlie-stream, by the Scorpion 
Sloop, of 18 giui*, Captain G. N. Hardin^c, and heaver Sloop, of 18 guns, Captain 
Charles Pelly, in the night of March 31. 

Proserpine, (now Amsterdam,) ol 32 guns ; Pylades * Corvette, of 18 guns ; 
George Schooner, of 10 guns, and seven Gun-bouts; taken at tlu Surrender of 
Surinam to the Naval and Military Forces under Commodore, Sir Sauiuei Hood 
and Major-General Sir Charles Green, May 4. 

One Schuyt, No. 28 ; taken, May 26, by Sir Sidney Smith's Squadron, betwee 
Flushing and Ostend j and live otheis sunk. 

1805. 

L'Honneur Schooner, of 12 guns; taken, with 1000 stand of Arms, &c. by the 
Providence armed Ship, of 16 guns, Captain P. llyc, oil' Soliciting, in the North 
Sea, April 11. 

Seven Schuyts ; taken April 24, by the Squadron under Rear- Admiral Doug- 
las, olf Cape Gnsnez. 

SPANISH SHU'S OF WAR CAPTUHED. 

Medee, of 44 guns ; la Fama, of 36 ; and la Clara, of 36 ; taken, after a severe 
Action, and detained by the Indefatigable, of 40 guns, Captain Graham Moore; 
Medusa, of 38 guns, Captain John Gore ; Lively, of 38 guns, Capt.G. E. Hamond; 
and Amphion, of 32 guns, Captain S. Sutton ; off Cape St. Mary, October 5. 
The Treasure on board the three Ships was, on a moderate computation, at least 
one million sterling. The Mercedes, another Frigate, of 36 guns, accompanied 
the Ships captured, but blew up ten minutes after the Action commenced, and 
on board, excepting 41 Persons, perished. 

Matilda, (with quicksilver,) of 38 guns; taken by the Medusa, of 38 guns, 
Captain John Gore, oil' Catli/, November. 

* Amphitrite, of 36 guns ; taken by the Donnegal.of 80 guns, Sir R. J. Sirachan, 
Bart., otf Cadiz, November 2.S. 

Santa Gertruyda, (with 1,215,000 Dollars, &c.) of 36 guns ; taken by the Po 
lyphemns, of 61 guns, Captain John Lawford ; Lively, ot 38 guns, Captain U. 
Hamond, in sight ; olf Cape St. Mary, December 7." 

San Miguel, or lil Felix (valued ai\'00,000l. sterling ; taken by the Lively, 
38 guns, Captain G. E. Hamond, December 7, on tiie Western Ocean. 



NATAL HISTORY OF THE PRESENT YEAR, 1805. 347 

Mercury, (with 10,000 Doliars) ; taken by the Phoenix, of 36 guns, Captain 
T. Baker, on the Western Ocean, December. 

Dulo (with specie, &c.); taken by the Fisgard, of 38 guns, Captain Lord Ro- 
bert Mark Kerr, ou the Western Ocean, December. 

N. S. dos Dolores ( with 200,000 Dollars, &c. ) ; taken by the Naiad, of 38 guns, 
Captain T. S. Dundus, on the Western Ocean, December. 

Inlanta Carlos Corvette, (with 120,000 Dollars, &c.) of 16 guns; taken by the 
Diamond, of 38 guns, Captain T. Elphinstone, on the \Vestern Ocean, De- 
cember. 

1805. 

Orquijo, of 18 guns ; taken, the 8th of February, by the Pique, of 36 guns, 
Captain C. B. II. Ross, oft' the Havana. 

La Elizabeth, of 10 guns ; taken the 3d of April, by the Bacchante, of 20 guns, 
Captain Charles D;<shwood, oti'the Havana. 

San Rafael, of 84 guns ; El Firme, of 74 guns; titken, July 2, in the Action 
between Sir R. Calder's Squadron and the Combined Fleets of France and Spain, 
couniiMiidcd by Admirals Villeneuve and Gravina, lat. 43 deg. N., long. 11 deg. 
W. The Fight was most gallantly maintained daring four hours by the British, 
and terminated hi the Enemy's tutal defeat. The Ordnance exceeded that of Sir 
R. Calder by one half ! 

The following is a curious and an accurate State of the Royal Navy of Great 
Britain, at three different Periods, collected from authentic Documents, from a 
Ship of li!0 guns to 8 guns, in Commission, Ordinary, and Building, inclusive. 

IN THE YEAR 1747, SEPTEMBER. 

Guns. No. of Ships. 

100 - 6 

90 13 

80 16 

70 25 

60 32 

50 35 

40 30 

20 45 

16 43 

Bombs ------ 16 

Fire-ships ------ 19 

Yachts 7 

Total 288 
Very few Hired Armed Ships at this period. 

IN THE YEAR 1779, SEPTEMBER. 

Nt.\ of Ships. 
In Ordinary ; 100 guns to 64 ------- 44 

Commission ; 100 guns to 64 - -- 

Ordinary ; 60 guns to 50 - 

Commission ; 60 guns to 50 -...-- 

Fifth Rates to Sloops of 16 and 8 guns, Ordinary - 

Fifth Rates to Sloops Commission ------ 187 

Building from 100 guns to 10 .-.---- 34 

Total 400 

Includes Hired Armed Vessels in the above Li>t. 

In 1779, on the List there were, Admirals ----- 62 

Of which have died, to September, 1805 

Remain alive --.------ 
Admiral Sir P. Parker, Admiral R. Roddam, Esq. 

There were also alive, Post Captains ---- 
Whereof l.ave died 

Alive only _.....-- 



348 NAVAL HISTOTIY OF THE FRESEXT YEAR, 1805. 

IN THE YEAR 1805, SEPTEMBER. 

No. nf Slips. 

In Ordinary, from 120 guns to 64 ...... j.i 

In Commission, from 120 guns to 64 ...... 119 

Ditto, bmldin.2 --- ,. 27 ^ 

In Ordinary, from 52 to 44 guns - - -' - - - 17 

Ditto, building ---------- 1 

In Commission, from 50 to 44 g^ns - - - - - - 19 

Builciine, from 44 to 20 guns --..... 16 

In Orri :.sry, from 44 to 20 guns ,,-..- 39 

In Commission, irom 44 to 20 guns ------ 140 

Sloops of War in Ordinary -.-..... 26 

Building ........... \.\ 

In Commission ------_.._ 412 

Hired Armed Ships, Brigs, Luggers, and Cutters, the property of the 

Merchants ----.-..-. 108 

Total 983 

For these 983 Men of War and Hired Armed Ships, there are appointed 
Numerical and Daily Signals, that each Ship may know another, and 
be known at the Telegraph. 

From these Lists it appears, by the v;_'ilan.:e of Government, seconded 
by the different Boards or AdmnPahy, the .Navy ol Great Britain in- 
creased from 1747 to 1779 112 

From 1779 to 1805 583 

Total Increase of the British Xavy in 50 years .... $95 



tf on 

Copied verbatim jrom the LONDON GAZETTE. 
[Continued from page '2 GO.] 

.ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, OCT. 5, 1805. 

a Letter from "Rear-Admiral Dacres, Commander in Chief nf His Majesty's 
Ships at Jamaica, to William Marsden, i'so., dated Hcicule, Port liot/m, Zuth 
July 1805. 

SID, 

IT HEREWITH transmit, for their Lordships' information, the copy of a letter 
^ I have received from Lieutenant t'roiuow, coiniiianding His IMajcslx's 
Schooner Superieure, acquainting me of his having captured a very fast sailing 
Spapish FeliK-ca Tnvateer that has much annoyed the Trade ol the l>iand of 
Jamaica. I am, &c. J. R.